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Full text of "Arboretum et fruticetum britannicum; or, The trees and shrubs of Britain, native and foreign, hardy and half-hardy, pictorially and botanically delineated, and scientifically and popularly described; with their propagation, culture, management, and uses in the arts, in useful and ornamental plantations, and in landscape-gardening; preceded by a historical and geographical outline of the trees and shrubs of temperate climates throughout the world"

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REESE LIBRARY 

OP THE 

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. 

Received 
Accessions X0.__/J3*.*L. Shelf No. 








FORESTRY LIB. 



ARBORETUM ET FRUTICETUM 
BRITANNICUM ; 

OR, 
THE TREES AND SHRUBS OF BRITAIN, 



PICTORIALLY AND BOTANICALLY DELINEATED, 

AND SCIENTIFICALLY AND POPULARLY DESCRIBED ; 



THEIR PROPAGATION, CULTURE, MANAGEMENT, 

AN;* USES IN THE ARTS, IN USEFUL AND ORNAMENTAL PLANTATIONS, AND IN 

LANDSCAPE-GARDENING ; 

PUKCEDED BY A HISTORICAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL OUTLINE 

OF THE TREES AND SHRUBS OF TEMPERATE CLIMATES 

THROUGHOUT THE WORLD. 



BY J. C. LOUDON, F.L. & U.S. &c. 

AUTHOR OF THE ENCYCLOPAEDIAS OF GARDENING AND OF AGRICULTURE. 



IN EIGHT VOLUMES : 

FOUR 01 LETTERPRESS, ILLUSTRATED BY ABOVE 2500 ENGRAVINGS ; 
AND FOUR OF OCTAVO AND QUARTO PLATES. 



VOL. I. 

HISTORY, GEOGRAPHY, AND SCIENCE ; AND DESCRIPTIONS, FROM 
TO STAPHYLEA CEJE, P. 494., INCLUSIVE. 



SECOND EDITION. 



LONDON: 
11EXEY G. BOHN, TOEK STREET, COYENT GAEDEX. 

1854. 
\ FORESTRY LIB. 

UNIVERSITY 1 



X 






' 

^4 



w -i ' 

I 



TO HIS GRACE, 
HUGH, DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND, K.G. 

Sfc. S$c. 

MY LORD DUKE, 

IN dedicating to Your Grace the accompanying 
Volumes, I am anxious to show how fully I appreciate the 
encouragement which your ancestors and yourself have always 
given to gardening pursuits, and more especially to the intro- 
duction and cultivation of foreign trees and shrubs. How 
much the British Arboretum is indebted to the noble family of 
Northumberland, for the introduction of trees and shrubs from 
America during the last century, is evinced by the Hortus 
Kewensis, Miller's Dictionary, and other works which record 
the names of the first introducers of foreign plants ; and how 
various and magnificent are the specimens of foreign trees which 
exist in the grounds at Syon, the numerous portraits of them 
which are given in the Volumes now submitted to the public 
bear ample testimony. 

For the kindness which Your Grace has evinced, in having had 
these portraits made expressly for my work, I am desirous that 
this dedication should be considered as a public memorial of my 
lasting gratitude. 

I have the honour to subscribe myself 
Your Grace's 

Very obedient humble Servant, 

THE AUTHOR. 

Bayswater, May 20. 1838. 



X .' 



PREFACE. 



THE main object which induced the author to undertake this Work was, the 
hope of diffusing more generally, among gentlemen of landed property, a taste 
for introducing a greater variety of trees and shrubs in their plantations and 
pleasure-grounds. He had observed, for a number of years, that, though many 
new and beautiful trees and shrubs were annually introduced from foreign 
countries into our botanic gardens and nurseries, yet the spread of these 
plants in the grounds of country residences was comparatively slow ; and that 
not only the new sorts were neglected, but many of the fine old species and 
varieties, which had been in British nurseries for upwards of a century, were 
forgotten by planters, and had ceased to be propagated by commercial gardeners. 
In short, it appeared to the author, that the general taste of the country for 
trees and shrubs bore no just proportion to the taste which prevailed in it 
for fruits, culinary productions, and flowers. It also appeared to him, that, 
while the numerous horticultural societies now established in the British 
Islands had powerfully promoted the general taste for horticultural and flori- 
cultural productions, they had rather neglected arboriculture and landscape- 
gardening. 

Viewing trees and shrubs as, next to buildings, the most important ornaments 
which can be introduced into a country ; and considering them, in this respect, 
greatly superior to herbaceous plants, from the little care that trees and shrubs 
require when once properly planted, and their magnitude, and permanent in- 
fluence when grown up, on the general scenery of the country ; the author felt 
desirous of pointing out the great importance of their more general distribution 
and culture. In order to impress this on the minds of proprietors and their 
families, and especially on the rising generation among them, he thought it 
best to adopt, as the main feature of his plan, the description and portraiture 
of such species and varieties of trees and shrubs as are actually in cultivation 
in the country, and as grow vigorously in it ; referring to gardens or grounds 
within a limited distance of London, where these species or varieties may be 
seen in a living state, and to nurseries where they are propagated for sale, and 
stating the price for which they might be purchased in England, in France and 
Germany, and in North America. He has thought it advisable to give, not only 
botanical specimens, but portraits of the greater number of species of trees ; in 
order, by a palpable representation of their forms and magnitudes, to make a 
stronger impression on the mind of the reader. These pictorial illustrations are 
of two kinds : first, portraits of trees often or twelve years' growth, taken from 
specimens growing in 1834, 1835, or 1836, within ten miles of London, and all 
drawn to the same scale of 1 in. to 4 ft. ; and, secondly, of full-grown trees, also 
all drawn to one scale, viz. 1 in. to 12 ft., and for the most part growing within 
the same distance of London. 

A 3 



VJ PREFACE. 

The use of the first class of portraits is, to give a palpable idea of the general 
magnitude, form, and character, which different species and varieties assume 
when growing in the same soil and climate, even in so short a period as ten or 
twelve years after planting. A slight comparative view of these portraits shows 
that the growth of some trees is much more rapid than that of others ; and that 
while the species of some genera when young are comparatively monotonous 
in their general form, those of the species of other genera of the same age have 
marked and characteristic features. Hence the valuable assistance afforded 
by such portraits in the choice of trees for the purposes of landscape-garden- 
ing. To solve the problem of ascertaining the species capable of producing 
any desired effect of wood, or of trees, in a given locality, and in a given time, 
it is only necessary to turn over the portraits which are contained in the last 
four volumes of this Work, and to select those species, the portraits of which 
exhibit trees of such forms and magnitudes as will produce the effect desired. 

The second class of portraits represents full-grown trees of the same spe- 
cies as those of which portraits in their young state are given ; and these, for 
the greater part, are drawn from trees within ten miles of London, and all, 
with one or two exceptions, are to one scale. The object in giving these 
portraits of full-grown trees is, to show the magnitude and character which 
particular species attain when they arrive at maturity, and to be a guide to 
the planter, not only in many particulars having reference to pictorial effect, 
but also with respect to the uses of trees as productive of timber, shelter, 
and shade. 

These portraits of trees in their young and mature state, which are contained 
in the last four volumes, together with the engraved botanical specimens, and 
the scientific and popular descriptions contained in the four volumes of letter- 
press, are calculated, as the author thinks, to create that interest in trees and 
shrubs in those who have not previously paid much attention to the subject, 
to produce which, as already observed, has been his grand object in under- 
taking this Work. 

In addition to the trees and shrubs which have been ten or twelve years in 
the country, and which are purchasable in British nurseries, those of more 
recent introduction, which are comparatively scarce, are also described or 
noticed; as are some which were introduced at former periods, and have been 
lost, and others which are known to botanists, but which have not yet been 
introduced. 

Besides notices of new and little known hardy trees and shrubs, or of 
such as are described by botanists but not yet introduced, some attention 
has been paid throughout the Work to trees and shrubs which, though they 
will stand through the winter in mild seasons, without protection in favourable 
situations, or with protection in situations and seasons less favourable, in the 
climate of London, yet cannot be recommended for general purposes, and 
are therefore generally described by gardeners as only half-hardy. These 
half-hardy species have been noticed, because there is perhaps no scene in 
a British garden more interesting, than one in which the plants of warm 



PREFACE. Vll 

countries, usually seen in green-houses or conservatories, appear in a flourish- 
ing state in the open air ; and also because the culture and management of 
such plants call forth a higher degree of scientific knowledge and attention 
on the part of the gardener, and therefore contribute to his improvement and 
consequent usefulness. Half-hardy trees and shrubs of the more tender kinds 
are generally cultivated against what is in this Work called a conservative wall ; 
that is, a wall which may be flued or not according to circumstances, but which 
admits of putting up a temporary projecting roof, or some other means of 
protection, during the winter season. Such walls are at present not very 
generally in use for ornamental exotics ; but so great are the interest and 
beauty which they are calculated to display when properly designed, planted, 
and managed, that in a few years they will probably be as general as fruit 
walls ; and, as ornaments to a country residence, connected with the flower- 
garden and shrubbery, will be considered as ranking next to the conservatory 
and the green-house. 

Having given this notice of the objects which have led to the undertaking 
of this Work, and a general outline of the plan pursued in it, the reader is 
referred to the Introduction, and to the Explanatory References which pre- 
cede the Table of Contents, for further details. 

The engraving and printing of this Work, for which collections had been 
making for several years (see the Gardener's Magazine, vol. vi., for 1830, 
p. 582. and p. 718.), was begun in August, 1834 ; and it has been published in 
Numbers, the first of which appeared in January, 1835, and the 63d and 
last on the 1st of July, 1838. It was originally intended to include in 
it a generalisation of the whole subject of the trees and shrubs of temperate 
climates; but, finding the Work had increased to more than double the 
extent originally contemplated, it has been thought advisable to publish the 
generalisation alluded to separately ; and it will accordingly appear at some 
future time, in one volume, under the title of an Encyclopedia of Arboriculture. 

It now remains for the author to acknowledge his obligations to the nu- 
merous persons who have given him information for this Work. He refers to 
the List of Contributors, p. xv., and to every individual there named he begs 
to return his most sincere thanks. He thanks, in a more particular manner, 
the Council of the Horticultural Society of London, for having granted him 
permission to take portraits of the trees in the Society's Garden, and to ex- 
amine and make drawings from the botanical specimens sent home by Douglas 
and others, in their herbarium ; as well as for the information communicated 
by their head gardener, Mr. Munro, and the foreman of their arboretum, Mr. 
Gordon. The author is deeply indebted to Messrs. Loddiges, with reference to 
their arboretum at Hackney, and for the kind and liberal manner in which they 
have at all times, during the last ten years, since he began to prepare for this 
Work, not only allowed him to send artists to make drawings, and supplied 
him with specimens, but permitted him to select these himself; and, in short, 
to use their unrivalled collection of hardy trees and shrubs as if it had been 
his own. To the Linnean Society, and their librarian, Professor Don, the 
author is much indebted for the loan of books, and for permission to examine 

A 4 



Vlll PREFACE. 

the specimens of trees and shrubs in the Linnean herbarium ; as he is to 
A. B. Lambert, Esq., V.P.L.S., &c., for the use of his magnificent library 
and unique herbarium, and for the living specimens of the Coniferae from 
Boyton ; and to W. T. Aiton, Esq., F.L.S., H.S.,&c., Her Majesty's Garden- 
Director at Kew, for specimens of the trees and shrubs in the arboretum there, 
for the loan of manuscripts, and for other valuable information and assistance, 
communicated either directly by himself, or through that scientific and assidu- 
ous botanist and cultivator, Mr. Smith, foreman of the Kew Botanic Garden. 

To His Grace the Duke of Northumberland the author is indebted, not 
only for access for himself and artists to examine and take portraits of the 
splendid exotic trees at Syon, but for drawings of upwards of a hundred 
of the largest and rarest of those trees, made for this Work by G. R. 
Lewis, Esq., at His Grace's expense, and also for engravings from several 
of the largest of these drawings. To Mrs. Lawrence of Studley Royal 
he is obliged for the portraits of many of the noble trees in the park 
at Studley, that lady having employed a London artist, H. W. Jukes, Esq., 
for several months for that purpose ; and to the Rev. J. Charnock, for di- 
recting the measurements, and supplying interesting information respecting 
those trees. To the Countess of Bridgewater he is indebted for portraits of 
the gigantic beeches at Ashridge : and to Lady Grenville, for permission to take 
drawings, and for numerous specimens of the ^bietinae in the magnificent 
pinetum at Dropmore; and to Her Ladyship's intelligent and most industrious 
gardener, Mr. Frost, for supplying valuable information respecting their culture 
and management, and for lending every assistance in his power. Portraits of 
trees, and many specimens, have also been sent by various other persons in 
different parts of Great Britain and Ireland, whose names, lest any individual 
should be by chance omitted, it is not endeavoured here to enumerate. 

The author is also indebted, for portraits, specimens, and information, to 
various amateurs and gardeners on the Continent, as well as to correspond- 
ents in North America and Australia ; and more especially to M. Alphonse 
De Candolle of Geneva ; to M. Andre Michaux, M. Vilmorin, M. Loiseleur 
Deslongchamps, and M. Soulange-Bodin, of Paris ; to Baron Jacquin, and M. 
Charles Rauch, of Vienna ; to Professor Reinwardt, Leyden ; Professor Kops, 
Utrecht ; M. Otto, Berlin ; Messrs. Booth, Hamburg ; Professor Schouw 
and M. Petersen, Copenhagen ; Bishop Agardh, Carlstadt, Sweden ; Dr. 
Fischer, Petersburg; M. Fintelman, Moscow; M. Descemet, Odessa; Sr. 
G. Manetti, Monza, near Milan; the Honourable Keppel Craven, Naples; 
Dr. Mease, Philadelphia ; Col. Carr, of Bartram's Botanic Garden ; and John 
Thompson, Esq., Surveyor General's office, Sydney. 

In the literary department the author received the assistance of the Rev. 
M. J. Berkeley, M. A., F.L.S., for the lists of Fungi inhabiting different spe- 
cies of trees ; of J. O.Westwood, Esq., F.L.S., Secretary to the Entomological 
Society, for descriptions and drawings of the Insects infesting different species ; 
of Wm. Spence, Esq., F.L.S., and of M. Audouin, Member of the Institute 
of France, and Professor of Entomology, for information respecting the species 
of Scdlytus injurious to the elm ; of Mr. John Denson, A.L.S., in drawing up 



PREFACE. IX 

the characters of the Orders and Genera, and generally for what may be 
considered the botanical department of this Work, from its commencement to 
the end of the genus Salix. He is, also,indebted to W. Withers, Esq., of Holt, 
Norfolk, for the loan of his unpublished work on the Robinza Pseud-acacia ; 
to W. Borrer, Esq., F.L.S., for the arrangement into groups of the numerous 
species of the difficult genus alix, and for looking over the proof sheets of 
the article on that genus ; to Professor Alphonse De Candolle, for looking 
over the proof sheets of the article on Salisburwr, as well as for examining the 
proofs of the history of trees in France and Switzerland ; to M. Vilmorin, for 
looking over the proof sheets of the history of trees and shrubs in France; to 
the late M. Fischer, of the Botanic Garden, Gottingen, and to M. Otto, of 
Berlin, for looking over the proof sheets of the history of trees in Germany ; 
to Professor Don, for arranging and looking over the whole of the generic 
characters, and some of the proof sheets, of the Coniferae ; and to Mr. Gorrie, 
for examining the proof sheets of the article on the Larch. 

To His Grace the Duke of Bedford the author is indebted for much valuable 
information on the subject of trees, and more especially respecting the Oak, 
the Scotch Pine, and the Cedar of Lebanon, communicated either directly 
by His Grace, or through his forester at Woburn Abbey, Mr. Ireland ; as well 
as for permission (of which he has availed himself) to make whatever use 
he chose of that magnificent work the Salictum Woburnense. To the Duke 
of Richmond, the Earl of Aberdeen, Macpherson Grant, Esq., and Mr. Grigor, 
of Forres, he is indebted for important communications respecting the Scotch 
Pine in Scotland ; to the Duke of Portland for various researches respecting 
the Oak in Nottinghamshire; and to the Earl of Wicklow, Earl Roden, Lord 
Viscount Ferrard, Sir Robert Bateson, Mr. Mackay, and Mr. Niven, for 
information respecting the trees and shrubs of Ireland. 

The author, in conclusion, has only to request that the readers of this Work 
will send to him whatever corrections, additions, or suggestions may occur to 
them on its perusal, or at any future period. It is his intention to publish what- 
ever additional matter he may receive from correspondents, or procure him- 
self, in an Annual Report in the Gardener's Magazine; and to include in this 
report notices of all the trees and shrubs which may, during the year, have been 
introduced from foreign countries, or originated in this country from intentional 
hybridisation or accident. This report will also include such improvements as 
may from time to time be made in arboricultural nomenclature, such as the 
re-arrangement of the species of a genus, &c. ; and, in short, every thing that 
may be found requisite to keep up the information contained in the Arbore- 
tum et Fruticetum Britannicum, with the actual progress of knowledge on the 
subject. The essence of these annual reports will be collected from time to 
time, and published in pamphlets, as supplements to the Arboretum ; so that 
the possessor of this first edition may have it in his power, at any future, 
time, to bring the Work down to the latest date, without being under the 
necessity of purchasing a new edition. 

J. C. L. 

Bayswatcr, May 20. 1838. 



DIRECTIONS TO THE BINDER. 



THE Work is to be done up in Eight Volumes : the first Four of Letter- 
press, and the last Four of Plates. 

Vol. I. is to contain the Dedication, Preface, Contents, &c., of the eight 
volumes, and the text as far as p. 494. inclusive. A Table of the Contents of 
Vol. I. is to be placed immediately before the Introduction ; and the first part 
of this table being systematic, and the second part alphabetical, an index at 
the end of the volume is unnecessary. The Signatures at the beginning of 
the volume run thus : A, [A], a, a to d d, * B, c, &c., in the regular series. 

Vol. II. commences with p. 495., and ends with p. 1256. There is a Title, 
with a Table of Contents on the same plan as in Vol. I. 

Vol. III. commences with 1257., and ends with p. 2030. ; having a Table 
of Contents, &c., as in Vol. I. 

Vol. IV. commences with p. 2031., and contains the remaining part of the 
text ; with a Table of Contents, &c., as in Vol. I., at the beginning, and three 
Alphabetical Indexes at the end. 

Vol. V. commences with Magnolza grandiflora, and ends with Acacia deal- 
bata. There is a Title, with a Table of Contents arranged on the same plan 
as that given in the preceding volumes. 

Vol. VI. commences with Amygdalus communis, and ends with O'rnus 
europae'a, full-grown tree. Title, Contents, &c., as in preceding volumes. 

Vol. VII. commences with Catalpa syringcefolia, and ends with Quercus 
alba. Title, Contents, &c., as before. 

Vol. VIII. commences with Quercus macrocarpa, and ends with Juniperus 
excelsa ; and has Title, Contents, &c., as before. At the end of this volume 
there is an Alphabetical Index to the Four Volumes of Plates. 

*#* A List of the Plates, in the order in which they are to be bound up, 
is given in the Table of Contents, p. cliv. to clxi. in Vol. I. 

The Cancels given in order to introduce corrections, &c., are the fol- 
lowing : 

TEXT. 



Vol. I., pages 1 to 15. 

21, 22. 

J27, 28. 

129, 30. 

73, 74. 

157, 158. 

J159, 160. 

1 173, 174. 

f 175, 176. 

\ 177, 178. 

229, 230. 

493, 494. 



Vol. II., pages 495, 496. 

921, 922. 

1229, 1230. 

1255, 1256. 

Vol. III., Titlepage. 

pages 1257 to 1262. 

f!273, 1274. 

1 1275, 1276. 

1295, 1296. 

1987, 1988. 

2029, 2030. 

Vol. IV., pages 2031, 2032. 



PLATES. 

Vol. VII. Pterocarya caucasica, to be substituted for Juglans/raxinifolia. 
Certain superfluous Plates given with some copies, and which arc to be 
cancelled, are enumerated at the end of the Supplement, Vol. IV. p. 2608. 



ARRANGEMENT OF CONTENTS AND JNDEXEb. 



XI 



ARRANGEMENT OF THE CONTENTS. 

Explanatory References - Page xii 

List of Contributors - xv 

Epitome of Contents - [xxiii] 

Contents in full ..... # x ijj 

List of Portraits of Trees forming the Plates in the last Four 

Volumes - - cliv 

List of Portraits of Trees given along with the Text in the first 

Four Volumes ..... c i x ji 

List of Landscapes given along with the Text, showing the Effect 

of particular Species of Trees in Landscape Scenery clxiv 

List of Engravings of Botanical Specimens given along with the 

Text - clxv 

List of Engravings of Fungi, Lichens, &c., given along with the 

Text - - - clxxxi 

List of Engravings of Insects given along with the Text - clxxxii 

List of Engravings of Diagrams and miscellaneous Subjects given 

along with the Text - - clxxxiii 

List of Authorities for scientific Names - - clxxxiv 

List of Books quoted or referred to cxc 

Immediately after the Titlepage of each Volume (except 

Vol. I.), a Table of the Contents is given, first systemati- 
cally arranged, and next alphabetically. 
A Table of the Contents of Vol. I. will be found from 

p. ccxxvii. to p. ccxxx. 





ARRANGEMENT OF THE ALPHABETICAL 
INDEXES. 

Alphabetical Index of Genera is given at the end of Vol. IV. p. 2655. 
Alphabetical Index of miscellaneous Subjects, at the end of Vol. IV. p. 2667. 
Alphabetical Index of Persons and Places, at the end of Vol. IV. p. 2672. 
Alphabetical Index of the Portraits of Trees given in the last Four Volumes, 
at the end of Vol. VIII. 



FORESTRY Uft 




EXPLANATORY REFERENCES. 



EXPLANATORY REFERENCES, 



THE greater part of the letterpress of this Work consists of the descrip- 
tion, history, geography, uses, propagation, culture, &c., of the species and 
varieties of the trees and shrubs cultivated in the British Islands ; and this is 
always printed in type corresponding in size with that used in this sentence. 

The short descriptive notices of species and varieties which it would be 
desirable to introduce, of such as have been introduced and lost, of such as 
have not been seen by the author, even though mentioned in British catalogues, 
and of such as are half-hardy in the climate of London, or supposed to be so, 
are uniformly printed in a smaller type. 

The statistics, or accounts of the dimensions of trees, which we have 
received from different parts of the British Islands or the Continent, are also in 
small type, in order to save room. 

The portraits of trees which form the last four volumes are sometimes, 
referred to as in the second volume, and sometimes as in the last volume. 
These references were made under the idea of binding up all the letterpress 
in one volume, and all the plates in another, which, now that the Work is 
finished, is found to be impracticable. The readiest way of finding the portrait 
of any particular species of tree is, to refer to the Alphabetical Index of 
Portraits of Trees, given at the end of the eighth volume. The readiest way 
of finding the description and history of any particular species or variety, and 
of ascertaining whether or not a figure is given of it, is by referring to the 
general Alphabetical Index, at the end of the fourth volume. 

In various parts of the Work reference will be found to Part IV., and to 
the Encyclopedia of Arboriculture. These two references refer to one and 
the same work, viz. the Encyclopedia of Arboriculture, which it was originally 
intended to include in the Arboretum Britannicum, but which, for the reasons 
stated in the Preface, will now be published separately in one volume ; and 
in which the subject of trees and their culture will be generalised, and their 
mode of treatment given en masse, whether as seedlings in the nursery, as 
useful and ornamental plantations, as yielding timber and other useful pro- 
ducts, or as ornaments in the lawn and shrubbery. 

The engravings of the botanical specimens, whether printed along with the 
text, or along with the portraits of the trees in the four last volumes, are 
invariably to one and the same scale of 2 in. to 1 ft. Where any portion of 
the plant Js given of the natural size, it is distinguished by a cross, thus, -f . 
Where dissections are given, m. signifies male,/, female, and mag. magnified. 

The portraits of the entire trees and shrubs given along with the text are 
to different scales, which are always indicated in the descriptions : they are 
chiefly 1 in. to 12 ft., 1 in. to 24 ft., and \ in. to 50 ft. 

The portraits of the trees in the last four volumes are nearly all from in- 
dividuals that were growing within ten miles of London, in the years 1834, 
1835, 1836, or 1837. These portraits are chiefly of young trees, often or 
twelve years' growth, and are drawn to a scale of 1 in. to 4ft.: but there 
are also portraits of full-grown trees, of all the principal kinds of which 
full-grown specimens are to be found within ten miles of London (taken 
chiefly from Syon), and these are drawn to a scale of 1 in. to 12 ft. 

Of some species of trees good full-grown examples could not be found 
witnin ten miles of London ; and of these portraits have been taken from 
trees growing in different parts of Great Britain (particularly from Studley 
Park andDropmore) and Ireland, and, in one or two instances, from trees on 
the Continent. 

The botanical specimens of the young trees exhibit a branch in flower, the 
winter's wood when the tree is deciduous, and a branch with ripe fruit, and with 



EXPLANATORY REFERENCES. 



Xlll 



the autumnal leaves; besides dissections of the flowers and fruit. These were 
all drawn on purpose for this Work, and, with a few exceptions, by J. D. C. 
Sowerby, Esq., F.L.S., &c. See this subject further;explained in p. 223. 

The specimens of foliage placed at the bottom of the plates of the full- 
grown trees may be called " artist's foliage," rather than " botanical speci- 
mens." They are, for the most part, drawn by the artist who took the 
portrait of the tree (generally no botanist, and who only knew the artistical 
differences in the aspect of trees), in order to get a more correct idea of what 
is called the "touch." 

The portraits of all the trees, both young and full grown, were taken chiefly 
during the months of August, September, and October ; but a number were 
also taken during the winter season, in order to show the skeleton tree 
without its foliage ; several species being as readily known, even to a general 
observer, when they are naked, as when they are clothed with leaves. 

All the engravings of trees and shrubs given in this Work, whether along 
with the text, or in the last four volumes, have been drawn from nature, on 
purpose for it, by competent artists, whose names, as well as the names of the 
places, where the trees are now growing, or grew when their portraits were taken, 
are given in the List of Trees in the Table of Contents, p. cliv. ; and the greater 
number of the original drawings may still be seen in the possession of the 
author. 

In the descriptive part of this Work, under the titles of the chapters, and 
sometimes under those of the sections, are given signs, intended to show at 
a glance the general habit of the trees or shrubs described in that chapter or 
section. These signs represent large, small, and middle-sized plants, and are 
as follows ; the first sign in each row indicating a deciduous tree or shrub, the 
next an evergreen, and so on alternately : 



1. Round-headed trees ; such as the 
oak, ash, elm, beech, &c. 



2. & 3. Spiry-topped trees ; such as 
the spruce fir, larch, pine, deciduous 



2& cypress, &c. 



4. Fastigiate trees ; such ai, the Lom- 
bardy poplar, cypress, &c. 




308B 




5. Drooping trees; such as the weep- 
ing willow, weeping elm, &c. 



6. Shrubs. 



7. Under-shrubs 



8. Twining shrubs; 
honeysuckle, 
tolochia, &c. 



such as the 
I honeysuckle, menispermum, aris- 



XIV 



EXPLANATORY REFERENCES, 



/ 


I 


~1 


Y. 




\ 


7 


La, 








3ft 




L 






fbr 


Q 


mf 




w 


VTT^ 



9. Climbing shrubs ; such as the cle- 
matis, ampelopsis, vine, &c. 

10. Trailing shrubs, the branches of 
which lie prostrate on the ground, 
but do not root into it ; such as 
many species of willow, Cistus, &c. 

11. Creeping shrubs, or such as send 
up shoots from their creeping roots; 
as many species 



The signs put before each individual species and variety which is described 
as enduring the open air in the climate of London, and in cultivation in 
British gardens, are the same as those used in the Gardener's Magazine, and in 
the Hortus Britannicus, viz. : 



! Deciduous tree. 

1 Evergreen tree. 

& Deciduous shrub. 

* Evergreen shrub. 

ji Deciduous under-shrub. 

- Evergreen under-shrub. 

-$ Deciduous twiner. 



JL Evergreen twiner. 
.1 Deciduous climber. 
fl_ Evergreen climber. 
-* Deciduous trailer. 
*~ Evergreen trailer. 
** Deciduous creeper. 
(fcr Evergreen creeper. 

The sign I (or i_J, indicating a greater degree of tenderness), added to any 
of the above signs in the Table of Contents, indicates that the tree or shrub, in 
the climate of London, requires protection during winter, but is considered 
likely to live against a conservative wall. Throughout the Work, wherever 
the dimensions of any tree or shrub are given, and the year when these dimen- 
sions were taken is not stated, the autumn of the year 1834, when the Work 
was commenced, is to be understood. 

All the botanic names throughout the Work are accented, and have their 
origin indicated, as in the Hortus Britannicus and the Gardener's Magazine. 
The vowels which are sounded short are marked with an acute accent, thus 
('), as A'ceras ; and those which are sounded long are marked with a grave 
accent, thus ( v ), as A^brus. The origin of each name is indicated thus : where the 
name has been applied to a plant by the ancients, the first letter is in Italic, 
as Pinus ; where it is commemorative of some individual, the letters ad- 
ditional to the name are in Italic, as Banksz'a, Lambertzan, Douglasii ; 
and where an aboriginal name has been adopted, or where the name is of 
uncertain derivation, the whole word is in Italic as, Aildntus, Caragdna, &c. 
When the name would otherwise be in Italic, as in the case of synonymes, 
headings to paragraphs, &c., these distinctions are of course reversed, as Pinus, 
Bdnksia, Ailantus. All the other scientific names, generic or specific, are com- 
posed from the Greek or Latin, with the exception of a very few, which are 
taken from places : as Araucaria, from the country of the Araucanians ; Quercus 
gramuntia, from the estate of Grammont; ^4 v cer monspelie'nsis, &c. Further 
details respecting the particulars entered into in classing, describing, and 
recording the trees and shrubs included in this Work, will be found in the 
Introduction, p. 1. to p. 14., and in Part II. Chap. IV. p. 222. to p. 230., 
which we recommend the reader to peruse with attention. 

In the course of the Work, a few exceptions will be found to what is stated 
in these ' explanatory pages as general ; but they are so very few as to be 
hardly worth notice; and the reasons for them will either be found given 
where they occur, or they are considered to be sufficiently obvious. 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



XV 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



IN 1834, before the Arboretum was commenced, about three thousand 
printed lists of trees and shrubs, agreeable to the form shown in Appendix 
No. I., were put in circulation ; and answers to these, or other information 
relating to trees and shrubs for this Arboretum, were received from the follow- 
ing persons : 



A. 



Aberdeen, George Earl of, F.R.S., 

L.S.,H.S.,&c. 
Ackland, Sir T. D., Bart., M.P., F. 

H.S.,&c. 
Agardh, D.C. A., Bishop of Carlstadt, 

F.L.S., &c. 
Agardh, jun., Professor of Botany, 

Lund. 

Aglionby, H. A., M.P., F.H.S.,&c. 
Aiken, H. 

Aikin, A., M.D., F.G.S.,&c. 
Ailsa, A. Marquess of, F.R.S., H. 

S., &c. 

Airlie and Lintrathen, D. O. Earl of. 
Aiton, W. T., F.L.S., H.S., &c. 
Albett, Josh. 
Alexander, J. 
Alsop, J. 

Amherst, W. P. A. Earl, P.C. 
Anderson, A. 
Anderson, G., F.H.S. 
Anderson, J., F.H.S., &c. 
Anderson, W., F.L.S., H.S. 
Andrews, M., F.H.S., &c. 
Argyll, G. W. Duke of. 
Arundel, H. B. Lord. 
Ashbury, W. 
Ashby, W. Ashby. 
Atkins, J. 
Atty, Geo. 
Audibert, M. Urban, C.M.H.S., To- 

nelle, near Tarascon. 



B. 

Babington, C. 0., M.A., F.L.S., &c. 

Backhouse, J., C.M.H.S., Sydiu-y. 

Backhouse, Thos., C.M.H.S. 

Bagnold, Captain. 

Bagot, W.Lord, F.L.S-, H.S.,&c. 

Bailly de Merlieux, M. 

Baker, A. J. Creswell, F.H.S. 



Baker, W.R., F.H.S. 

Balfour, W., C.M.H.S. 

Bankes, W. J., M.P. 

Barnes, Thomas. 

Barnet, James. 

Barron, W. 

Bateman, J., F.L.S., U.S., &c. 

Bateson, Sir Robert, M.P. 

Bath, Marquess of. 

Bauer, Francis, F.R.S., L.S. 

Baumann, N., Bollwyller. 

Baxter, W., A.L.S., F.H.S., &c. 

Baxter, W. H. 

Beaton, D. 

Bedford, John Duke of, F.L.S., A. 

S., H.S.,&c. 
Belfield, F.,jun. 
Bell, R. 

Bella, M., Grignon, near Versailles. 
Bennett, S., C.M.H.S. 
Bentinck, Lieut.-Col. H. 
Bentley, A. C. 
Bentley, M. C. 

Berkeley, Rev. M. J., M. A., F.L.S. 
Bethel!, R., M.P., F.H.S., &c. 
Biggs, Arthur, F.L.S., F.H.S., c. 
Binghara, M. C. 
Bishop, Thomas, C.M.H.S., C.H.S., 

&c. 

Black, Dr. 
Black, James. 
Blackadder, W. 
Blaikie, T., C.M.C.H.S. 
Blair, Sir D. H. 
Blore, G. 
Bolton, Lady. 
Bond, John,* F.H.S., &c. 
Booth, John, A.L.S., C.M.H.S., &c. 
Borrer, W.,F.R.S., L.S., H.S. 
Bosch, J. W., C.M.H.S., Stuttgardt. 
Bossin, M. 
Boulton, M. 
Bourgeois, M., Paris. 
Bourne, Frederick, F.H.S., &c. 



XVI 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



Bourne, W. Sturgee, M.P., M.A., F 

R.8., Z.S., H.S., &c. 
Bowens, J. F.H.S. 
Bowes, J., F.H.S., &c. 
Bowman, J. E., F.L.S. 
Braithwaite, Edmund. 
Braybroke, R. G. Lord. 
Breadalbane, J. C. Marquess of. 

Bree, Rev. W. T., A.M., C.M.H.S. 
&c. 

Breese, J., C.M.H.S. 

Brennan, D., C.M.H.S. 

Britton, J., F.A.S., &c. 

Bromfield, W. A., M.D., F.L.S.,&c 

Bromley, William, F.L.S., H.S., &c 

Brooks, Major J. T. 

Brown, George. 

Brown, John, F.H.S. 

Brown, M., C.M.H.S. 

Brown, Richard. 

Browne, Hay. 

Browne, Henry Augustus. 

Bruce, James. 

Bruen, J. H. 

Buccleugh, W. F. Duke of, K.G., 
F.R.S., L.S.,&c. 

Buchan, Daniel. 

Buchan, W., F.H.S. 

Buchanan, W., F.L.S., H.S., &c. 

Buchanan, W. J. 

Buel, Jesse, C.M.H.S., Albany, 
United States. 

Bullock, J. 

Bunbury, Lieut.-Gen. Sir H. E., 
Bart., F.L.S., H.S., &c. 

Burchell,W.J.,F.L.S.,&c. 

Burdin, F., C.M.H.S., Turin. 

Burgess, W. 

Burlington, W. Earl of, F.H.S., &c. 

Busch, J., C.M.H.S., St. Peters- 
burg. 

Bushnan, J., F.L.S., &c. 

Butcher, Robert. 

Byers, R. W., F.L.S., &c. 

C. 

Cady,P. 

Call, M. M., C.M.H.S., St. Peters- 
burg. 

Calthorpe, G. F. Lord, F.Z.S., H.S., 
&c. 

Cameron, D., A.L.S. 

Campbell, Lord A. 

Campbell, Lord John. 

Campbell, Alexander, A.L.S. 

Campbell, J. D. 

Canterbury, W. Lord Archbishop of. 
D.D., F.R.S., H.S..&C. 

Carberry, J. E. Lord, F.H.S., &c. 



Cardigan, Earl of. 

Carew, Lady H. 

Carnarvon, H. J. G. H. Earl of. 

Carrick, Countess of. 

Carroll, Edward. 

Carter, J. 

Case, P. J. 

Castle, G. 

Castles, Robert. 

Cathie, Nichol. 

Cato, John. 

Cawdor, J. F. Earl of, F.R.S., H.S., 
&c. 

Chalmers, W., C.M.H.S. 

Chandler, R., F.H.S. 

Chapman, R., C.M.H.S. 

Charlwood, G., F.L.S., H.S, &c. 

Charnock, Rev. J. 

Cholmondeley, H. C. Marquess of. 

Christie, W., jun., F.L.S., &c. 

Christy, W. F. 

Churchill, Lord C. S., F.L.S.,&c. 

Clanwilliam, R. M. Earl of. 

Clarke, Fingal. 

Clarke, John. 

Clarke, N. 

Clarke, Thomas. 

Clarke, William. 

Claus, C. 

Clive, E. Viscount, M.P., F.H.S. 

Clive, Hon. R. P., F.H.S., &c. 

Cockburn, J., F.H.S. 

Coghlan, A. 

Colchester, C. Lord, F.H.S. 

Collier, J., M.P. 

Collins, Peter. 

Collinson, John. 

Combermere, S. S. C. Viscount, P. 

C., &c. 

Cook, Captain, S. E. 
Cooper, J., F.H.S. 
Cooper, W. 

Copeland, W. T., M.P., F.H.S., &c. 
Cornwallis, J. M. Earl of. 
Corson, T. 
Coventry, Earl of. 
Cowan, Peter. 
Cowens, John. 
Craggs, W. 
Craven, Hon. Keppel. 
Cree, John, F.H.S. 
Crichton, Daniel. 
Cullis, John, F.H.S. 
Cullum, Rev. Sir T. G., Bart., A.M., 

F.H.S. 
Ouming, G. 
Gumming, W. C. 
Cunningham, Allan, F.L.S., &c. 
Currer, Miss. 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



[xvii] 



Curtis, S., F.L.S. 

Curzon, Hon. and Rev. Frederick, 
F.H.S., &c. 

D. 

Dalhousie, G. R. Earl of. 
Dall, James. 

Darner, Hon. 

Darnley, Earl of. 

Dartmouth, W. Earl of, F.R.S., H. 

S., &c. 
Daubeny, Professor, M.D., F.R.S., 

H. S., &c. 
Davidson, John. 
Davis, T., F.H.S. 
Dawson, T. 
Deady, M. 

De Candolle, Professor Alphonse. 
De Candolle, A. P., F.R.S., L.S., 

H.S., &c. 
Dees, William. 
De Lamarre, M. 
De Lanon, M. Durand, Coutance, 

Normandy. 

De la Warr, G. J.Earlof,F.H.S.,&c. 
De 1'Isle, P. C. Lord, F.H.S., &c. 
Delile, M., C.M.H.S., Montpelier. 
Denbigh, W. B. P. F. Earl of. 
Denison, J., A.L.S. 
Derum, M. 
Descemet, M. 

Deslongchamps, M. Loiseleur, Paris. 
De Vere, Sir Aubrey. 
Devon, W. Earl of. 
Devonshire, W. S. C. Duke of, K. 

G., F.H.S., &c. 
De Wael, Emilius, Antwerp. 
Diack, A., C.M.H.S. 
Dickson, Archd., M.C.H.S. 
Dickson, F., C.M.H.S. 
Dickson, Robert., M.D., F.L.S., &c. 
Dickson and Turnbull, Messrs. 
Dillwyn, L. W., M.P., F.R.S., L.S. 
Dinorben, W. L. Lord, F.H.S., &c. 
Divett, Edward, M.P. 

Dobson, 

Dolphin, Marianne. 

Don, Professor. 

Don, G., F.L.S., &c. 

Don, J. E. S. 

Donald, Robert, F.H.S., &c. 

Donaldson, J. 

Dovaston, J. F. M. 

Downshire, A. B. S. T. H. Mar- 

quess of. 
Drummond, Dr. 
Drummond, H. Home. 
Drummond, Messrs. 
Drummond, J., C.M.H.S. 



[A 



Dublin, J. Archbishop of. 

Dubreuil, M., C.M.H.S., Rouen. 

Ducie, T. R. Lord, F.R.S.,H.S.,&c. 

Duffie, Thomas. 

Duffies, Alexander. 

Duncan, George. 

Duncan, J. 

Duncannon, J. W. Viscount, F.H.S. 

Dunmore, G. Earl of. 

Dymock, W.*G. 

Dymoke, Hon. Champion H. 

E. 

Eaton, James 

Ebbotton, D. 

Ebrington, Lord, M.P. 

Edmunds, C. 

Elford, Sir William, F.R.S., L.S. 

Elliott, G. M. 

Elworthy, J. 

Emslie, F. 

Esdaile, E. J. 

Essex, G. C. Earl of. 

Euston, Earl. 

Evans, 

Ewing, John, M.P. 
Exmouth, Viscountess. 

F. 

Faldermann, C., C.M.H.S., St. Pe- 
tersburg. 

Farrmandy, A. 

Fennell, J. F. 

Fennessey, W. 

Ferguson, Robert, M.P., F.H.S., &c. 

Ferrard, T. H. Lord Viscount, F.H. 
S., &c. 

Fintelmann, M., Potsdam. 

Fischer, Professor, Moscow. 

Fischer, C. A., C.M.H.S. 

Fischer, F. E. L., M.D., F.H.S., &c. 
St. Petersburg. 

Fitzwilliam, C. W. Earl, F.H.S. 

Fleming, Captain, R.N. 

Floud, J. 

Floyer, M. 

Folkes, Sir W. Browne, M.P. 

Forbes, James, A.L.S., &c. 

Forbes, Hon. S. R., Dresden. 

Forbes, W., M.P. 

Ford, Daniel. 

Forester, M. 

Forrest, James. 

Forrest, Richard, F.L.S., H.S. 

Forrest, Thomas, C.M.H.S. 

Forster, E., F.L.S &c. 

Fox, H. 

Fox, J. 



[xviii] 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



Fox, Samuel. 
Fraser, John, F.H.S. 
Frederick, Sir Richard, F.H.S. 
Freeling, Sir Francis. 
Frost, Philip. 



Gamball, J. 

Gardiner, Sir R. 

Gardiner, Robert. 

Garraway, J. 

Garritt, James. 

Gathell, William. 

Gendal!, J. 

Gentz, C. 

George, W. 

Gibbs, Lady. 

Gibbs, T., F.H.S., &c. 

Gibson, T. 

Gilpin, Henry. 

Glazebrook, T. K., F.L.S., &c. 

Glendinning, R. 

Goldie, John. 

Goldsmid, J. L., F.L.S., &c. 

Golton, J. Howard. 

Gordon, G. 

Gordon, W. 

Gorrie, Archibald, F.H.S., C.S., &c. 

Gosier.L'Abbe. 

Gostling, J. 

Gowan, J. R., F.H.S. 

Gower, Peter. 

Gower, Hon. William Leveson, F. 

H.S., &c. 

Grafton, G.H. Duke of, F.H.S., &c. 
Graham, Robert, M.D., F.R.S., L.S. 
Grainger, J. 
Grant, Col. 

Grant, T. Macpherson. 
Gray, T., C.M.H.S., Ropsha, St 

Petersburg. 
Green, S. 

Greenshields, W., F.H.S. 
Gregory, Richard. 
Grey of Groby, G. H. G. Lord. 
Grierson, William. 
Grigor, J. 

Groom, H., F.H.S., &c. 
Guest, T., M.P. 
Guildfprd, Earl of, F.H.S. 
Guthrie, Charles. 



H. 



Hailes, N. 
Halkett, C. C. 
Hamilton, Dr. 
Hammond, W. 
Harbeson James 



Harding, J. D. 

Hare, J., jun. 

Hare, W. 

Harewood, H. Earl of, F.H.S., &c. 

Harkness, H. 

Harrington, Earl of. 

Harris, John. 

Harrison, J., F.L.S., H.S., &c. 

Harrison, William, F.R.S., L.S., H.S. 

Hartland, Lord. 

Harvey, John. 

Haseley, S. 

Haslewood, William. 

Hathwaite, F. 

Haythorn, J., C.M.H.S. 

Haythorn, Z. 

Headly, J. 

Healy, F. 

Hebbert, C. 

Henderson, A., M.D., F.H.S., &c. 

Henderson, James. 

Henderson, T. 

Henslow, Professor, J. S., M.A., &c. 

Herbert, Hon. and Rev. W., F.H.S. 

Hereford, H. F. D. Lord Viscount, 
C.P. 

Heron, Captain Basil, R. 

Hervy, M. 

Higgins, Joshua. 

Hill, Captain. 

Hill, Lord, G.L.B., F.H.S., &c. 

Hislop, J., C.M.H.S., 

Hoare, Sir A. C., F.L.S., & c . 

Hodgins, Edward, C.M.H.S. 

Hodgson, Rev. G. 

Hodgson, Rev. John. 

Hodgson, N., C.M.H.S. 

Holford, R. S., F.L.S., H.S., &c. 

Holland, H. R. V. Lord, P.C., &c. 

Holt, W. 

Honner, R., C.M.H.S., Hobart 
Town, Van Diemen's Land. 

Hood, C. H. Lord Viscount. 

Hoogvorsts, Baron. 

Hooker, H. 

Hooker, Sir W. J., F.L.S., H.S., &c. 

Hope, H. J., M.P. 

Hope, Professor,T. C.,F.R.S. 

Hopgood, Thomas. 

Hosack, D., M.D., F.H.S. 

Hosie, R., C.M.H.S. 

Howard, Robert. 

Howden, John. 

Howden, Gen., Lord. 

Hughes, Robert. 

Hume, Sir Abraham, Bart., F.H.S 

Hunneman, J., A.L.S. 

Hunt, T. K. 

Hunt, T. L. 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



[xix] 



Hutchinson, William 
Button, R., F.H.S., &c. 



Ireland, R. 
Irvine, Robert. 
Irving, T. 



J. 



Jackson, Thomas. 

Jacqnin, Baron, J. F., F.H.S., &c., 

Vienna 
James, J. 
Jardine, Sir William Bart., F.R.S.E., 

L.S., &c. 
Jennings, John. 
Johnson, J. 

Johnston, Sir Alexander, F.R.S. 
Johnston, R. 

Johnstone, Edmund, F.H.S. 
Johnstone, Henry, M.P. 
Jones, B. 
Judd, D., F.H.S. 
Jukes, H. W. 



Karwinsky, Baron. 

Kelly, Rev. Walter. 

Ker, W. 

King, W. Lord, F.H.S., &c. 

Klouweitz, Hans. 

Knight, T. A., F.R.S., L.S., P.H.S. 

Knight, J., F.H.S., &c. 

Knipe, J. B. 

Knowles, G. B., F.L.S., &c. 

Kops, Professor, Utrecht. 



L. 



Labouchere, P. C., F.H.S., &c. 

LaCroix, L. L., Paris. 

La Gasca, Professor, F.L.S., &c., 

Madrid. 

Laidlaw, W., C.M.H.S. 
Laincll, J. 
Lamb, John. 

Lamb, Sir Charles M., F.H.S., &c. 
Lambert, A. B., F.R.S., V.P.L.S., 
Langelier, P., C.M.H.S., Jersey. 
Lansdowne, Henry Marquess of, 

F.R.S., L.S., H.S.,&c. 
Latham, R., F.L.S., H.S., &c. 
Lauder, Sir Thomas Dick, Bart. 
Law, J. 

Lawrence, Charles, F.H.S., &c. 
Lawson, Charles. 

[A 



Lawson, John. 

Lawson, P. and Son. 

Le Blanc, Thomas. 

Le Candele, J., Humbeque Nursery, 

near Antwerp. 
Lees, E., F.L.S., &c. 
Lemon, Sir C., Bart., M.P., F.H.S. 
Lenne, M., Potsdam. 
Le Roy, M. Angers. 
Lewin, F. E. 
Lewis, G. R. 
Lichfield and Coventry, Hon. H. 

Ryder, Bishop of. 
Lindsay, T. M. 
Lines, J. 

Llewelyn, J. D., F.H.S., &c. 
Loch, J., M.P., F.G.S.,&c. 
Loddiges, Conrad, and Sons. 
London, C. J. Bishop of, D.D., &c. 
Long, H. L. 

Longman, T. N., F.H.S., &c. 
Lorimer, Robt. 

Lothian, J . W. R. Kerr Marquess of. 
Loudon, James, Warsaw. 
Loudon, James, Ham House. 
Low, H., F.H.S. 
Lowndes, H. 
Lovvndes, Richard. 
Lucombe and Pince, Messrs. 
Luke, Richard. 
Lye, W. L. 
Lyell, Charles, jun., F.R.S., L.S., 

G.S., &c. 
Lyon, Geo. 
Lyttleton, W. H. Lord. 

M. 

M' Arthur, P., F.H.S. 

Mack ay, F. 

Mackay, J. T., A.L.S., M.R.I.A., &c. 

Mackey, Constantine. 

Mackenzie, Sir Jas. Stuart, Bart., 

M.P., F.H.S., &c. 
Mackenzie, P., Philadelphia. 
Mackie, J. 

MacLeay, A., F.R.S., L.S., &c. 
M'Nab, J., Edinburgh. 
M'Nab, T., C.M.H.S., Dollar. 
M'Nab, W., A.L.S., Edinburgh. 
Maddison, J., Ghent. 
Main, James, A.L.S., &c. 
Major, J. 

Malcolm, William, F.L.S., H.S., &c. 
Mallet, R,, A.M., &c. 
Malpas, B. 

Manetti, Giuseppe, C.M.H.S., Monza. 
Man-les, Capt. F. 
Mangles, R., F.H.S. 
2] 






[XX] 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



Manners, Mrs. L. 

Marnock J. 

Marnock, R. 

Marryatt, Mrs., F.H.S. 

Marsham, R. 

Martin, John. 

Martin, M. J. 

Martius, Dr., Munich. 

Mason, Rev. J. H. 

Masters, W., F.H.S. 

Mathews, Maria Ruthven. 

Mathies, J. 

Matthews, A., A.L.S., Lima. 

Maund, B., F.L.S., &c. 

Maunder, W. 

Maxwell, J., M.P., F.R.S., H.S., &c 

Maxwell, Lady Heron. 

May, E. 

May, G. 

M'Donald, J., C.M.H.S. 

M'Duff, J. 

M'Diarmaid, William. 

Meara, J. 

Mearns, J., F.A.S. 

Mease, Dr., Philadelphia. 

Melbourne, Lord Viscount, P.C., &c. 

Melville, Lord Viscount, K.T., P.C., 
&c. 

Menteath, James Stuart. 

Menzies, A., F.L.S., &c. 

Metzger, M., C.M.H.S., Heidelberg. 

Michaux, Andre, Paris. 

Middlemiss, R. 

Miller, J., A.L.S., F.H.S. 

Mills, J., F.H.S. 

Mills, Philip John, M.P. 

Mills, Rev. Thomas. 

M'Intosh, Alexander. 

M'Intosh, C., F.H.S. 

M'Intyre, James. 

Milne, T., F.H.S., A.L.S., &c. 

Mirbel, Professor, F.L.S.,&c., Paris. 

Mitchenson, J. 

Mitford, Rev. J. 

M'Launachan, A. 

M'Leish, George. 

M'Leod, Donald 

M'Murtrie, W., F.H.S. 

Moffat, J. 

Moffat, Thomas. 

Monck, Sir C., F.H.S., &c. 

Monckton,Lieut.-Generai H., F.H. S. 

Montagu, Lord. 

Moray, Earl of, K.T., &c. 

Morgan, Octavius. 

Morley, Earl of, F.R.S., &c. 

Mosley, Sir O., Bart., F.H.S. 

Moss, E. 

Moss, William. 



Mount Cashell, Earl of. 
Mountnorris, G., Earl of, F.R.S. 

H.S.,&c. 
M'Pherson, A. 

Muirhead, Alexander, C.M.H.S. 
Munchausen, Baron, Hanover. 
Munro, James. 
Murdoch, A., C.M.H.S. 
Mure, William. 
Murphy, Edward. 
Murray, Mungo. 
Murray, Stewart, F.H.S., &c. 
Murray, W., F.H.S. 

N. 

Napier, Major-General, Charles Jas. 

Nash, C. 

Nasmyth, Sir J., Bart. 

Neill, Dr. P., F.L.S., &c. 

Nerrieres, M., Nantes. 

Nesfield, W. A. 

Nevill, Rev. W. H. 

Newherry, F. 

Newburgh, Earl of. 

Newell, J. 

Nickson, J. 

Nicol, W. 

Niven N., C.M.H.S. 

Norm an n, Baron. 

Northampton, Marquess of, F.H.S. 

Northumberland, Hugh Duke of, 

K.G., F.R.S., L.S., &c. 
Nott, W. 

O. 

Ogle, H. C. 

Oldaker, J., F.H.S. 

Oliver, J., C.M.H.S. 

Osborn, R., F.H.S. 

Osborn, William. 

Otto, F., C.M.H.S., Berlin. 

P. 

Page,W.B., C.M.H.S. 

Pamplin, W., jun., A.L.S. 

Pappenheim, M. le Baron, Paris. 

Parks, J., F.H.S. 

Parker, T. W. 

Parkins, Thomas. 

Paterson, W. 

Patterson, M. 

Paxton, Josh., F.L.S., H.S., &c. 

Pearson, B. 

Pearson, J. 

Pease, J., M.P. 

Penny, G., A.L.S. 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



[xxi] 



Perkins, H. 

Petersen, J. P. 

Phipps, Hon. and Rev. Augustus, J. 

Pince, R. T. 

Plumtre, J. P., M.P. 

Plumtree, Rev. H. 

Polhill, G. 

Poore, Sir Edward, Bart. 

Pope, J., and Sons. 

Porter, G. 

Portland, Duke of. 

Pound, M. 

Powis, Edward Earl of, F.H.S. 

Poyntz, W. S., M.P., F.H.S., &c. 

Pratt, Henry. 

Prescot, A. 

Press, Thomas. 

Preston, C. 

Prevot, fils. 

Priest, Myles. 

Price, Sir Robert, Bart., M.P., F.H.S. 

Pringle, A., M.P. 

R. 

Racine, M. 

Radcliffe, Anna. 

Radnor, Earl of, F.H.S. 

Ramsey, H. 

Rauch, Charles. 

Rauch, Francis. 

Rauch, Stephen. 

Reeves, J., F.R.S., H.S., &c. 

Reid, J., C.M.H.S. 

Reinwardt, Professor C. G. C., 

F.L.S., Leyden. 
Rhodes, Rev. J. A. 
Richardson, A. 
Richardson, R. H. 
Richardson, W. 
Richmond, Duke of. 
Riddell, George. 
Riegler, M. 

Ripon, F. J., Earl of, F.R.S., H.S. 
Rivers, T.,jun. 
Robert, M. 
Roberts, Job. 
Roberts, T. 
Robertson, F. 
Robertson, John, F.H.S. 
Robins, G. 
Rock, D. 

Roden, Earl of, K.P., P.C., &c. 
Rodney, Hon. W. 
Rodney, Lord. 
Rogers, J., C.M.H.S. 
Rogers, Rev. J., F.H.S. 
Rolle,J. Lord, F.H.S., &c. 
Rollison, G., F.H.S. 

[A 



Ronalds, J., F.H.S. 

Ross, J., C.M.H.S. 

Roy, J., Aberdeen. 

Royle, J. F., M.D., F.R.S.,L.S., &c. 

Rutger, T. 

Rutland, Duke of, H.C., &c. 

S. 

Salisbury, Marquess of, F.H.S., &c. 

Salmon, Rev. T. W. 

Sanders, G. 

Sanderson, Robert. 

Sang, E., M.C.H.S. 

Saunders, B., of Jersey. 

Saunders, R. 

Schneevooght, G. V., C.M.H.S., 

Haarlem. 
Schoch, M. 

Schouw, Professor, Copenhagen. 
Schubert, M., C.M.H.S., Warsaw. 
Sckell, C., C.M.H.S., Munich 
Scott, J. 
Seitz, C. J. 

Shaftesbury, Countess of. 
Shepherd, H., F.L.S., &c. 
Shields, George. 
Shirley, W. P. 

Shrewsbury, J. Earl of, F.H.S., &c. 
Shuttleworth, Charles. 
Sidmouth, Lord Viscount, P.C., &c. 
Silver-lock, G., F.H.S., &c. 
Simmons, T. 
Simpson, Henry. 
Simpson, Joseph. 
Sinclair, James. 
Sinnot, Rev. Dr. 
Skelmersdale, Edward B. Lord, 

F.H.S. 

Skinner, J., C.M.H.S. 
Smallman, John, Architect. 
Smith, Alexander. 
Smith, D. 

Smith, James, F.H.S. 
Smith, John, A.L.S., F.H.S., &c. 
Smith, R. 

Smith, Rev. Sydney. 
Smith, W., F.H.S. 
Somerset, Duke of, K.G., F.R.S., 

P.L.S. 
Soulange-Bodin, Le Chevalier E., 

C.M.H.S., Fromont. 
Sowerby, J. D. C., F.L.S., &c. 
Sowerby, C. E., A.L.S. 
Sparrow, John. 
Speirs, Alexander, M.P. 
Spence, W., F.R.S., L.S., &c. 
Spencer, J. 
Spiker, Dr., Berlin. 
3] 



[xxii] 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS, 



Spong, Charles, C.M.H.S. 

Spring, C. 

St. Aubyn, Sir John, Bart., F.L.S. 

Stamford, Earl of. 

Stanhope, P. H. Earl, F.R.S., H.S. 

Stanley, E., M.P. 

Stanley, Sir T. S. M., Bart.,F.H.S. 

Staunton, Sir George Thomas, Bart., 
F.R.S., L.S., &c. 

Stephens, H. 

Steven, C., C.M.H.S., Nikitka, Cri- 
mea. 

Stewart, A. 

Stewart, D., F.R.S., L.S., &c. 

Stewart, Robert Bruce. 

Stewart, Sir M. Shaw, M.P. 

St. Germains, Earl. 

St. Marie, M. 

Stock, Daniel, A.L.S. 

Stone, George. 

Storey, Rev. 

Stowell, Lord. 

Strachan, G. 

Strangways, Hon. W. T. H. F., 

F.H.S.;& C . 

Street, J., C.M.H.S. 

Strickland, Miss. 

Strom, M. 

Strong, Charles. 

Stuart, W. 

Surrey, C. H. Earl of, M.P., F.H.S., 

Sutherland, G. G., Duke of, F.H.S., 

Sydney, M. J. F. 

T. 

Tait, John. 

Taunton, W. P. 

Taylor, F., C.M.H.S. 

Taylor, S. 

Taylor, Thomas, M.D., F.L.S., &c. 

Taylor, William. 

Templeton, Mrs. 

Thorburn, G., C.M.H.S., New York. 

Thorn, William. 

Tighe, William F. 

Tougard, M. 

Toward, Andrew. 

Trail, Miss, F.H.S. 

Traill, James, A.L.S., Cairo. 

Trevelyan, W. C., F.H.S., &c. 

Turnbull, A., C.M.H.S. 

Turner, G. and T. 

Turner, H., F.H.S. 

Turner, T. 

Tyler, W. 

Tyso, Rev. J. 



V. 



Vandarame, M. 



Vandergelt, M. 

Vandermaelen, M., F.H.S., &c. 
Van Eden, A. C., C.M.H.S., Haar- 
lem. 

Van Wael, M., Antwerp. 
Vaughan, Sir R. W., Bart., F.H.S. 
Varden, R. 
Veitch, J., F.H.S. 
Veltheim, Graf, Hanover. 
Verney, H. 
Vernon, Lord. 
Verulam, Earl of. 

Vilmorin, P. P. A., C.M.H.S., Paris. 
Vulliamy, T. S. 
Vymer, R. 

W. 

Wagstaff, E. 

Wakeford, Robert. 

Walker, C. 

Walker, J, F.H.S. 

Walker, T. E. 

Wall, C. B., M.P., F.R.S., H.S., &c. 

Wallace, J. 

Walloch, N., M.D., F.R.S., L. S., &c. 

Walsingham, Rev. T. Lord, F.L.S. 

Walsh, Rev. R., L.L.D., C.M.H.S. 

Walter, J., M.P. 

Wank, Franz, Brlick on the Leytha. 

Ward, John, F.H.S., Z.S., &c." 

Ward, Lady. 

Warmesley, G., M.P. 

Warren De Tably, Lord. 

Waterer, M., F.H.S., &c. 

Watkin, A. 

Watson, H. C., F.L.S., &c. 

Watson, J. 

Watt, James. 

Watts, W. 

Webster, J., F.H.S. 

Webster, William. 

Weddell, H. 

Wells, W., F.H.S., &c. 

Wemyss, Earl of. 

Westminster, Marquess of, P.C. 

Westwood, J. O., F.L.S. 

Whallev, J., F.H.S. 

White, J., F.H.S. 

Whittit, G., M.C., H.S. 

Wicklow, Earl of. 

Wilkes, R. S. 

Wilkins, W., C.M.H.S. 

Williams, G. W., M.P. 

Wilmore, Mrs. 

Wilmot, Sir Eardley. 

Wilson, D. 

Wilson, J., C.M.H.S, 

Wilson, John S. 



EPITOME OF THE CONTENTS. 



[xxiii] 



Wilson, Neill. 

Wilson, Sir Griffin. 

Wilson, Sir T. M., F.H.S. 

Winchester, Bishop of, F.H.S., &c. 

Winch, N.J., A.L.S. 

Winchester, Henry, F.H.S., &c. 

Wodzicki, Count Stanislaus, Cracow. 

Wood, G. 

Wood, J. F. F. 

Wood, Neville. 

Woods, H., A.L.S. 

Woolf, M. 

Wooluck, J, 

Wraight, W. 

Wright, Henry. 



Wrightson, Mrs. 

Wrottesley, Sir J., Bart., M.P. 

Y. 

Youell, J., A.L.S. 

Young, A. 

Young, Messrs. C. J. and P. 

Young, J., C.M.H.S. 

Young and Penny, Messrs. 

Young, R., F.L.S. 

Young, William, M.D., F.L.S. 



Z. 



Zettersteck, M. 



EPITOME OF THE CONTENTS. 



The Roman numerals refer to the Contents in full ; the Arabic figures, to the body of the work. 



VOL. I. 



Contents. Text. 

INTRODUCTION - xiii. 1 

Part I. GEOGRAPHY AND 

HISTORY - xiii. 15 

CHAP. I. 
Among the Nations of Antiquity - xiii. 15 

CHAP. II. 

In the British Islands - - xiii. 20 

SECT. I. Native Trees and 

Shrubs - xiii. 20 

SECT. II. Foreign Trees and 

Shrubs introduced - - xiii. 31 
SUBSECT. 1 . Trees and Shrubs 
introduced by the Ro- 
mans - - xiii. 32 

SUBSECT. 2. Trees and Shrubs 
introduced in the 16th 
Century - xiii. 35 

SUBSECT. 3. Trees and Shrubs 
introduced in the 17th 
Century - xiii. 40 

SUBSECT. 4. Trees and Shrubs 
introduced in the 18th 
Century - - xiii. 44 

SUBSECT. 5. Trees and Shrubs 
introduced in the 19th 
Century - - xiv. 117 

[A 



Contents. Text. 

CHAP. III. 

History and Geography of the 
Trees and Shrubs of the Con- 
tinent of Europe - xiv. 132 

SECT. I. Trees and Shrubs of 

France - - xiv. 132 



SECT. II. Trees and Shrubs of 
Holland and the Nether- 
lands - - xiv. 



143 



SECT. III. Trees and Shrubs 

of Germany and Hungary - xiv. 145 

SECT. IV. Trees and Shrubs 
of Denmark, Holstein, 
Sweden, Lapland, Finland, 
Iceland, Greenland, and 
the Faroe Islands - - xv. 153 

SECT. V. Trees and Shrubs of 

Russia and Poland - - xv. 155 

SECT. VI. Trees and Shrubs 

of Switzerland - - xv. 161 

SECT. VII. Trees and Shrubs 
of Italy, Greece, Spain, 
Portugal, and the Mediter- 
ranean Islands - - xv. 164 

SUBSECT. 1. Trees and Shrubs 

of Italy - xv. 168 

SUBSECT. 2. Trees and Shrubs 

of Spain and Portugal - xv. 17O 



[xxiv] 



EPITOME OF THE CONTENTS. 



Contents. 

SUBSECT. 3. Trees and Shrubs 


Text. 


SECT. I. In Uncultivated 


Contents. 

Na- 


Text. 


of Turkey and Modern 






ture 


- xvi. 


220 


Greece 


XV. 


171 


SECT. II. With Reference to 








Man 


- xvi. 


221 


CHAP. IV. 






CHAP. IV. 






Trees and Shrubs of Asia, Africa, 






Summary of the Description 


and 




America, and Australia, suit- 






Natural and Economical 


able for the Climate of Britain 


XV. 


172 


History of Trees and Shrubs - xvi. 


222 


SECT. I. Trees and Shrubs of 












Asia suitable for Britain - 


XV. 


172 








SECT. II. Trees and Shrubs of 
Africa suitable for Britain - 

SECT. III. Trees and Shrubs 


XV. 


177 


Part III. ARBORETUM AND 
FRUTICETUM. xvii. 
Ranunculdcece Dec. xvii. 


231 
231 


of America suitable for 






Clematis L. 


XVII. 


232 


Britain 


XV. 


173 


Atragene L. - 


xviii. 


246 


SUBSECT. 1. Trees and Shrubs 






P0wiaceae Dec. 


xviii. 


249 


of North America - - 


XV. 


178 














Pseonia L. 


xviii. 


249 


SUBSECT. 2. Trees and Shrubs 






Xanthorhiza L. 


xviii. 


255 


of South America 


XV. 


185 








SECT. IV. Trees and Shrubs of 






Winteraceae R. Br. 


xviii. 


256 


Australia and Polynesia - 


XV. 


185 


Illicium L. - - 


xviii. 


256 


CHAP. V. 






Magnollacesd Dec. 


xix. 


259 


Literature of the Trees and Shrubs 






Magnoh'a L. 


xix. 


260 


of Temperate Climates 


XV. 


187 


Liriodendron L. 

MangHMa - 
Michelid - 


xix 

xix. 


284 

291 
291 


CHAP. VI. 


















Ditteniaceae Dec. 


xix. 


292 


Conclusion ... 


xvi. 


190 


HibWrttA 


Xix. 


292 









Anonaceae Rich. 


XX. 


292 


Part II. SCIENCE OF THE 






Asiminn Adans. 


XX. 


292 


STUDY OF TREES - 


xvi. 


192 


Anndna L. - 
Orchidocurpum MX. 


XX. 
XX. 


292 
292 








Porctliz Pers. 


XX. 


292 


CHAP. I. 
Study of Trees Pictorially - 


xvi. 


193 


Schizandrdcecp. Blume. 
Schizandra MX - 


XX. 
XX. 


295 
295 


SECT. I. Study of Forms - - 


xvi. 


193 


Sphicrostema Gl. 
KadtiiraJ. 


XX. 
XX. 


295 
295 


SECT. II. Study of Expression 
and Character 


xvi. 


198 


Sarcocdrpon Bl. 

Menispermdcece Dec. 


XX. 


296 


SECT. III. Mode of drawing 






Menispermum L. - 


XX. 


296 


Trees from Nature, so as to 






Cocculus Bauh. - 


XX. 


297 


give the Pictorial Expres- 
sion of the Species 


xvi. 


202 


WendldndiA Willd. 
AndrdphilaxVfendl. 
Baumgtirtia. Mcench. 


XX. 
XX. 
XX. 


297 
297 
298 


CHAP. II. 






Berberaceae Lindl. 


XX. 


298 


Trees and Shrubs considered Bo- 
tanically - 


xvi. 


211 


Berberis L. 
Mahorua Nutt 


XX. 

xxi. 


298 
308 


SECT. I. Classification 


xvi. 


211 


Odostimon Raf. 


xxi. 


308 


SECT. II. Distinction between 
Species and Varieties 


xvi. 


212 


Nandlna 

Cruciferacece Lindl. 


cxlvi. 

xxi. 


2537 

312 


SECT. III. Mode of describing 






Cruciferae Jus*. 
Fella L. - 


xxi. 


312 


Trees and Shrubs - 


xvi. 


212 


Cheir^nthus 


xxi. 


313 








Vesicaria 


xxl. 


313 


CHAP. III. 






/teris 


xxi. 
xxi. 


313 
313 


Uses of Trees and Shrubs * 


xvi. 


219 


I/epjdium * 
Sitfrabriura 


xxi. 
xxi. 


313 
313 



EPITOME OF THE CONTENTS. 



[xxv] 



Con ten 


*. Text. 




Content*. 


Text. 


Cappariddcea Lind. xxi. 

Capparideae Juss. 

Capparis L. - xxi. 


313 
313 


J/ypericum L. - - 

Tragium Clus. 
Clymenon L'Obel. 


xxix. 

xxix. 
XXX. 
XXX. 


397 
397 

403 

403 


Cistdcetz Lindl. xxi. 


316 


Aceracea Lindl. 


XXX. 


404 


ristineje Dec. 




./icerineae Dec. 






Cfstus L. - xxi. 


317 


A^cer - 


XXX. 


405 


elianthemum Tourn. - xxii. 


328 


Negundo Mcench 


xxxi. 


460 


Hudsonwt L. - xxv. 


354 


Negundium Rafin. 










Dobfnea Hamilt. 


xxxii. 


462 


Volygalaceas. Lindl. xxvi. 


355 


JE,sculacecB Lindl. 


xxxii. 


462 


.Polygoneaj Juss. 
Poly-gala . - . xxvi. 


356 


Castaneaceae Lk. 






PittospordcecB Lindl. xxvi. 

Pittospbrese 7?. Br. 

Billardiera Sm. . . xxvi. 
Sdllva Lindl. . . xxvi. 


356 

356 
357 


Hippocastaneae Dec. 
Hippocastanum Tourn. 

Pavza Boer. 


xxxii. 
xxxii. 


462 
469 


Senacta Dec. ... xxvi. 

Bursaria Cav. . q . . xxvi. 
Cheiranthera Lindl. . . xxvi. 


359 
359 
359 


Sapindacece Juss. 


xxxiii. 


475 


Caryophylldcece Lindl. xxvi. 


359 


K6'lreuter?fl Laxm. 

Sapindus L. fil. 


xxxiii. 


475 


Caryophylleae Juss. 




Dodon ( a L. 


xxxiii. 


476 


Dianthus L. . . xxvi 
SileneL. - . . xxvi: 


359 
359 


MeZzacece Juss. 


xxxiii. 


476 


Arenilria W. . . xxvi. 
JJrypis L. . xxvi. 


359 
559 


Jtfelia L. 


xxxiii. 


477 


Ltttocoe Lindl. xxvi. 


360 


VitacecB. Lindl. 


xxxiii. 


477 


Lines Dec. 




rids L: 


xxxiii. 


477 


Llnum L. . xxvi. 

Malvdcece Juss. xxvi. 


360 

360 


Ampelopsis Michx. 

CfssusL. - 


xxxiii. 

xxxiii. 


481 

483 


Lavatera L. . . j^vi. 

//ibiscus L. - xxvi. 


360 

361 


GeraniacecB Dec. 


xxxiv. 


483 


SldzBonp. - . . IITi . 


363 


Pelarg6nium L'Hifrit. 


xxxiv. 


483 


AMxtilon tfoofc. . . ^xyj. 

Sterculidcece Vent. xxvi. 


363 
363 


Zygophyllacea Lind. 

Zygophylleae R. Br. 


xxxiv. 


484 


Sterculia L. - - xxvi. 


363 


Melianthus L. 
Zygophj'llum L. 


xxiiv. 
xxxiv. 


484 
484 


TiliacecB Juss. XX vii. 
Mai. ... xxvii. 


364 
364 


Rutacece Lindl. 

TJQtae Juss. 

Ruta L. - 


xxxiv. 
xxxiv. 


484 

484 


GrewiaL. . . . xxvii 


366 


Aplophy-llum And. Juss. 


xxxiv. 


487 


Ternstromlacese Dec. xxvii. 


376 


XanthoxylacecR Lindl. 


xxxiv. 


487 


Malachode'ndron Cav. - xxvii. 


377 


Xanthox^leae Nees. 










Pteleaceas Kunth. 






Stuartza Cav. - - xxviii. 


378 


Xanthoxylum L. - 


xxxiv. 


488 


Gordonia Ellis - - xxviii. 


378 


KampmdnnisL Rqfin. 
Fagara Lam. 






Lacathia Sal. 
Franklinia. Marsh. 

Camelh'a L. . xxviii 

Tltfn 


381 


Ptelea L. 

BellQcia Adans. 

Aildntus Desf. 


xxxiv. 
xxxiv. 


489 
490 


lliea - XX1X> 

Eiirya Royle . . xxix. 


392 

395 


Coridcece Lindl. 


xxxiv. 


493 


Aurantiacece Corr. xx i x . 


395 


Coriaceae Dec. 






Otrus /,. - . . xxix. 


395 


Coriaria Niss. 


xxxiv. 


492 


Limania Dec. xxix'. 

Hypericacea Lindl. xxix. 

//ypericineae Dec. 


396 

396 


Staphyleacece Dec. 
Staphylea L. - 

Staphylodtlndron Tourn. 


xxxiv. 
xxxiv. 


492 
493 




VOL. II. 






Celastracece Dec. xxxiv. 
JEuonymus Tourn. - xxxiv. 


495 
496 


Mtiytenus Feuill - 
Sendcia. Lam. 


xxxv. 


503 


Celastrus L. - xxxv. 


502 


Canine L. . . 
Maiirocini* Mill. . 


XXXT. 


60S 


Euonymolde$ Mo?nch. 




Hartigfa Dec. - 


xrrri. 


604 


Nemonanthes Raf. . xxxv. 


503 


Schrfber* Thunb. 
KlxwUndron Spreng. 






Ilicid\dea Dum,_CoUrs. 









[xxvi] 



EPITOME OF THE CONTENTS. 







Text. 




Contents. 


Text. 


Aquifoliacece Dec. 


xxxvi. 


505 


Podalvria R. Br. 
Chordzema R. Br. 
Podoiobium R. Br. 


xli. 
xli. 
xli. 


568 
56S 
688 


Mysjinda Jacq. - 


xxxvi. 


505 


Oxvlobium R. Br. 
Calh'stachvs Simt 


xli. 
xli 


56S 
56S 


7 v fex L. 


xxxvi. 


505 


Brachvsema R. Br. 


xli. 


669 


Aquifblium Tourn. 






Goni|)l"ml6biuin Smith 
BurtoniaK. Br. 


xli. 
xli. 


569 
569 


Prinos L. 


xxxvi. 


520 


Jac ksonm H- Br. 
V'iminaria Sm. 


xli. 

xli. 


569 
669 


Ageria Adans. 






iphserol6bium Sm. 


xli. 


569 


Rhanmacece Lindl. 


txxvii. 


523 


.Aolus t;. Don 
Dillwvma Sm. 
Cutixia R. Br. 


xli. 
xli. 
xli. 


669 
669 
669 


.Rhamneae Dec. 






Sclerolhiimnus R. Br. 


xli. 


669 


t 


xxxvii. 


524 


(jastrolobium R. Br. 


xli. 


569 


Nfbc*Atp. 






Euchllus B. Br. 
J ultena;'a Bot. Mag. 


xli. 
xli. 


569 
569 


(Enoplia Bauh. 






lavieiia R Br 




669 


Paliurus L. - 


xxxvii. 


527 


u'irbelja Smith 


xli! 


570 


Berchem/tf Neck. 


xxxvii. 


528 


C/Mex L. 


xli. 


571 


.ffhamnus Lam. 


xxxvii. 


529 


Stauracanthus L/C. 


xli. 


576 


Alaternvs Mill. 






(Spdrtium Dec. 


xli. 


576 


Ceanothus L. - - : 


cxxviii. 


539 


Spartianthus Lk. 






Sphterocarva Wall. 


xxxix. 


541 


Genista Lam. - 


xli. 


577 


Condalia Cav. 
iSageretia Brongn. 
Scutia nrou^n. 
Rftanilla Brongn. 
Colletia Kunth 
Trevoa Mev. 
Disc-aria Hunk. * 


xxxix. 
xxxix. 
xxxix. 
xxxix. 
xxxix. 
xxxix. 
xxxix. 


541 
541 
541 
541 
541 
541 
541 


Genistoldes Mcench. 
Cytisus L. - 
Adenocarpus Dec. - 
Ondnis L. - 


xliii. 
xliv. 
xliv. 


588 
603 
604 


Hovem'a Tliunb. 


xxxix. 
xxxix. 


541 

542 


Anbnis Moench. 






Willemetiu Brongn. 


xxxix. 


542 


Matrix Mcench. 






Pomade'rris Lab. 
Cryptandra Smith 


xxxix. 
xxxix. 


542 
542 


Amorpha - 


xlv. 


606 


BaYtlinguz Brongn. 
Solenantha G. Don 
Trichoce'phalus Brongn. 


xxxix. 
xxxix. 
xxxix. 


542 
542 
542 


Bonafidia Neck. 

Robinz'fl! L. - 


xlv. 


609 


PhVlica L. 
SouldngtVi Brongn. 
GouaniVi Jacq. 


xxxix. 
xxxix. 
xxxix. 


542 
542 
542 


Pscudacdcia Tourn. 
JEschynomene Roxb. 






Carpodetus font. 
Olhiia Thunb. 


XKXtX. 

xxxix. 


642 
542 


Caragdna Lam. 


xlv. 


629 


Brunmceae R. Br. 


xxxix. 


542 


Halimodendron Fisch. 

Halodendron Dec. 


xlvi. 


634 


HomctlinacecB Lindl. 

Homalineze R. Br. 

Aristotelzfl L' Herit. 
Azara R. et P. 


xxxix. 

xxxix. 
xxxix. 


542 

543 
544 


Calophaca Fisch. - 

Ct/ttsus Pall. 

Cblutea R. Br. 
Astragalus Dec. - 

Dory-cnium Tourn. 


xlvi. 

xlvi. 

xlvi. 

xlvii. 


635 

637 
637 

639 


Blackwe'llui Dec. 
Astrinthus J-Mur. 


xxxix. 


544 
544 


Plagiolobium S,rt. 
Platvlobium Sm. 


xlvii. 
xlvii. 


639 
639 


Neillia D. Don. - 


xxxix. 


544 


Hovea K. Br. 


xlvii. 


639 








Bossiffi v a Vent. 


xlvii. 


640 


Anacardiacecc Lindl. 


xxxix. 


545 


Goddia Sal. 
Scdttia R. Br. 


xlvii. 
xlvii. 


640 
640 


Anacardieae Brown. 






Templet6ma Sims 


xlvii. 


640 








Rafnia '1 hunb. 


xlvii. 


640 


Pistacia L. 


xxxix. 


545 


Vascda Dec . 
Borbonitt L. 


xlvii. 
xlvii 


640 
640 


Terebintfius Juss. 






Achyr6nia Wendl. 


xlvii. 


640 


.Rhus L. 


xxxix. 


548 


Lipiria /,. 
Priestleya Dec. 


xlvii. 
xlvii. 


640 
640 


Cdtinus Scop. 






Crotalaria L. 


xlvii. 


640 


Toxicodendron Mill. 






Hypocalyptus Thunb. 


xlvii. 


640 


~M.yrtca Hort. 






ViodtTgfa Spi*eng. 


xlvii. 
xlvii. 


640 
64 1 


Duvaua Kunth 


xl. 


558 


DichllU* D*c. - - 


xlvii. 


641 


SAfcio Wall. 
Schinus L. 
Triceros Lour. 


xl. 
xl. 
xl. 


560 
5GO 
560 


Lebeckia Thunb. 
Sarcophvllum Thunb. 
^spalatbus L. 


xlvii. 


641 
641 

(ill 


Heterode"ndron Detf. 


xl.' 


500 


Hequienia Dec. 


xlvii'. 
xlvii. 


641 
641 


Solopliuium Detf. 


xl. 


SCO 


Xnl - j^ 1 *' . . - 






Cneorum L. 


xl. 


560 


Mediciigo /,. 


xlvii. 


642 


Burseracese Kunth 


xl. 


561 


Afelildtus Cast. 


xlvii. 
xlvii. 


(H2 
642 


Ba'samodendron Kunth. 


xl. 


561 


('arinicbnelia R. Br. 
Psoralea L. - 


xlvii. 
xlvii. 


642 
642 


Fagastrum G. Don', 


x!. 
xl. 


5fil 
561 


IndicdftraJU 

Swaiiibonia Sal. 


Xlvii. 
xlvii. 


642 
643 


Amyridacea Lindl, 

Amyridese R. Br. 


xl. 


561 


Lcsserlia Dec. 
Sutherlandia R. Br. 

Coronilla Neck. 


xlvii. 
xlvii. 

xlvii. 


643 
643 

643 


yjmyris L. 


xl. 


561 


E'merus Mill. 






f-jeguminosce Juss. 
Sophora R. Br. - 
. .Virgilia L. 


xl. 
xl. 
xli. 


561 
563 
565 


jf/edj'sarum L. - 
Hippocrepis Jacq. 
AAesmi* Dec. 
Uraria Deif. 
Desm6dium Detf. 
Diciinna Dec. 


xlvii. 
xlvii. 

xlvii! 

xlvii. 
xlvii. 


643 
fi45 
645 
645 
645 
646 


Piptanthus Siut. 

Therw'ipsis D. Dop. 
Anagyris Wall. 


xli. 


566 


y.oYiria Pert. 
Tavornieva Dec. 
Lespeelt"! MX. 
Fleiningu Koxb. 
'benus L. 


" xlvii. 
'xlvii. 
xlviii. 
xlviii. 


646 
646 
646 
646 


Bapttsia Hook. 






Anthtjllii Lam. 






Edw&rdsm Mien 


xli. 


56 


Alhagi Tourn. 


xlviii. 


646 


Cjcl6pia R. Hr. 


xli. 


56 


Manna D. Don. 







EPITOME OF THE CONTENTS. 



[xxvii] 





Contonts 


Text. 


Content!. 


Text. 


Clianthus Soland. 
/Xima G. and. D. Don. 

Wut&TM Nutt. - 
Gtycine L. 


xlviii. 

xlviii. 


64(i 

647 


Calycanthacece Lindl. 

Calycanthus Lindl. - 


Ixix. 
Ixix. 


935 
936 


Thyrsnnthus Elliott. 






Bultnin-A Du Ham. 






Kradnhia Rafin. 






Beurn-r\A Elirh. 






A^ptos Pursh. 






]i(isicr\;\. AdmiK. 






Anonynnis Wait. 






Pompadoura. Buchoz. 






PhaseoloidesH.Angl. 


xlvii 


G49 


Chimonanthus Lindl. 


Ixix. 


937 


Ddtiohos L. 


xlviii.' 


649 


Meratia. Nees. 






Pachvrhizus Dec. 


xlviii. 


649 








Mucaua Wall. 
Kmhrina L. 


xlviii. 


649 
649 


GranatacecB D. Don. 


Ixix. 


939 


Oleditschifl L. 


xlviii. 


650 


^unica Tourn. 


Ixix. 


939 


Gymnocladus Lam. 

Guilandlna. L. 

Hype ranthira Vahl. 


- xlviii. 


656 


Onayracea Lindl. 

\ichsta L. - 


Ixix. 

Ixix. 


942 

944 


Cercis L. 


- xlviii. 


657 


Skinner & Mcench. 






Sfliquuslrtim Tourn. 






Nahusia Schneevoogt. 






C?rffd P L."H^rii!' 


xli . 
xli . 
xli . 


H 

660 


^Lythrdcea Lindl. 


Ixx. 


944 


Mi.i L. - 
Oastanosp<5rmum Cunn. 

- 


xii . 
xl . 
xl . 


660 
660 
660 


leirma ... 


Ixx. 
Ixx. 


945 
94*1 


Chamefistula Don'* Mill. 


xli . 


661 


AJt wj OL LC I 




i7T?iJ 


Hchotia Ait. 


xl . 


661 








D<5rris G. Don 
PterooaVpus Dec. 


xlix. 
xlix. 


661 
661 


Tamaricacece. 


Ixx. 


946 


JProsopis L. 


xlix. 


661 








Lagonvrhium Bieb. 
ylcacia Neck. 


xlix. 
xlix. 


661 
662 


7'amarix Desv. 


Ixx. 


947 


l&osacece Dec. 


xlix. 


670 


Tamariscus All. 
Myricaria Desv. 


Ixx. 


949 


ylmygdalus Tourn. - 
Amygdalophora Neck. 
Persica Tourn. - 
Trichocdrpus Neck. 


xlix. 
1. 


673 
679 


Philadelphacece. 
Philadelphus L. - 


Ixx. 
Ixx. 


950 
951 


ylrmeniaca Tourn. - 
Prunus Tourn. 
Prunophora Neck. 


1. 
1. 


681 
684 


Syringa Tourn. 

Decuinaria L. - 

Forst/thia. Walt. 
3eutzia Thunb. - 


Ixxi. 

Ixxi. 


955 

956 


6'erasus Juss. 
Laurocerasus Tourn. 
Purshirt Dec. 


li. 
liii. 


692 
721 


Mi/rtacece. 

Tris(:\nia R. Br. 


Ixxi. 

Ixxi. 


956 

956 


Tigarea Pursh. 
Kerr/a Dec. 


liii. 


722 


3eaufc5rt'a R. Br. 
Caiotha'mnus R. Br. 
Melaleiica L. 


Ixxi. 
Ixxi. 
Ixxi 


957 
957 
957 


Corchorus Thunb. 






Eudesmia ft. /Jr. 
Eucalyptus L'Htfrit. 


Ixxi 
Ixxi 


958 

958 


iSV)ir2B^a L 


liii. 


722 


Anj-ophora Cav. 


Ixxi 


960 


7?ubus L. - 


liv. 


733 


^allistemon Dec. 


Ixxi 
Ixxi 


960 
961 


Potentilla L. 


Ivi. 


747 


[.eptospermum Furit. 
Billou'a R. Br. - 


Ixxi 
Ixxi 


961 
961 


JKosa L. 


Ivi. 


748 


Fabricia Gsertn. 
Bte'ckia Andr. 


Ixxi 
Ixxi 


961 
961 


Rhodophora Neck. 

L6we Lindl. 


Ixi. 


812 


Ai>'rtus L. ' 
Cltamaelaurhim Deif. 


Ixxi 
Ixxi. 
Ixxii. 


HI 

964 


CYatae v gus Lindl. - 


Ixi. 


813 


Caivihrix ft. Dr. 
Darwinia lludge 


Ixxii. 
Ixxii. 


964 
964 


Photinia Lindl. 


Ixiv. 


868 








Cotoneaster Med. - 


Ixv. 


869 


Passiftoracece Lindl. 


Ixxii. 


964 


Ameldnchier Med. - 


Ixv. 


874 


Passifl&reae Juss. 






.Mespilus Lindl. - 


- Ixv. 


877 


Pasiifl6ra L. 
DU^mma Dec. - - 


Ixxii. 
Ixxii. 


96* 
9C5 


Mfspilophora Neck. 






Tactimia Juss. 


Ixxii. 


965 


Pyrus Lindl. - 
}\<,lns Tourn. 


Ixv. 


879 


CrassuldcecB Dec. 


Ixxii. 


965 


Sdrbus Tourn. 








^_ 


965 


Pi/riiphorum Neck. 
Apyruphorum Neck. 






Sedum L. 
Sempervlvum L. 
Anacdmptero* Haw. 


Ixxii. 
Ixxii. 
Ixxii. 


965 
96 5 


Pyrdster Kay. 












Aria L'Obel. 
Arunia Pers. 






Mese.mbryace(B Lindl. 


Ixxii. 


966 


Cydonia Tourn. 


- Ixviii. 


929 


Mesembryanthernum 


Ixxii. 


966 


Chsenomeles 


Ixviii. 

Ixix. 


93 


Nitrariacece Lindl. 


Ixxii. 


966 


KriolMJtrva Litvlt. 


Ixi* 


j" 








K;it: iii-ckm K. et P. 


Ixix.' 


9; 


Nitraria L. 


Ixxii. 


966 


MarKvru-.irpni R. et P. 


Ixix. 


93 








Ancittrum Lain. 
Ceicocarpus H. B. ei K. 


Ixix. 


93 


Cactacece Lindl. 


Ixxii. 


967 


Uertnl,inia. Hoc et Stu. 
Acip'na Vahl . 


Ixix. 


9T5 


Cacti Just. 






Poterium L. 


Ixix. 


9i 


OpuntiaJI/W. 


Ixxii. 


967 


ClURJrUa L. 


Ixix. 


9; 


CdftuiL. 







[xxviii] 



EPITOME OF THE CONTENTS. 





Contents. 


Text. 


. 


Contents. 


Text. 


Grossulacece Dec. 


Ixxii. 


967 


Leycesteria Wall - 


- Ixxxi. 


1060 


Ribes L. 


Ixxii. 


968 


Hameha. Puer. 






Grossularia Tourn. 
Chrysobvtrya Spach. 






Rubiacece Juss. 


Ixxxi. 


1061 


Calobdtrya Spach. 






Cephalanthus L. - 


- Ixxxi. 


1061 


Coreosma Spach. 






Pinckneva Michx. 


Ixxxi. 


1062 


Rdbes Spach. 






Cinchima. Poir. 




1062 


Escalloniacese R. Br. 


Ixxiv. 


992 


Seriaa Comm. 
Dysiida Lour. 
Buchbzia. L'HMt. 


Ixxxi.' 
Ixxxi. 
Ixxxi. 


1062 
1062 
1062 


/'tea L. - 


Ixxiv. 


992 


Spermocbce Desf. 
Pldcama Ait. t 


Ixxxi. 

Ixxxi. 


1062 
1062 


CedrUa Lour. 






Bartlingia Rfhb. 






Dicondngia MX. 

Escallonia Muds - 


Ixxiv. 


993 


Phyllis L. 
Anthospermum L. 
Ambriiria Walsh. 


Ixxxi. 

Ixxxi. 
Ixxxi. 


1062 
1062 
1062 


Stereoxylon R. et P. 






Aubia L. 
Bouvardia H. B. et K. 


Ixxxi. 
Ixxxi. 


1062 
1062 


SaxifrdyecB Dec. 


Ixxv. 


994 


Housttmia. L. 
Mane'ttia Cham, et Schl. 


Ixxxi. 
Ixxxi. 


1062 
1062 


Hydrangea L. 


Ixxv. 


994 


Lobeliaceae Juss. 


Ixxxi. 


1063 


Hortensiz Juss. 






Tit pa G. Don 


llxxxi. 


1063 








Lobelia Forst. 






UmbelliferG Juss. 


Ixxv. 


997 


Campanuldcecs R. B 


t*. Ixxxi. 


1063 


JJupleurum Tourn. - 


Ixxv. 


997 


Musschia Dumort. 
Campdnula L. 


- Ixxii. 


1063 


Tcndriz. Spreng. 












Kuprtstis Spreng. 
Stseli Bauh. 






Composite Adans. 


Ixxxii. 


1063 


AralidcecE Juss. 


Ixxv. 


998 


Staehelina Lessing - 
j&accharis R. Br. - 


Ixxxii. 
Ixxxii. 


1064 
1065 


Aralia L. - 


Ixxv. 


998 


7 v m L. 


Ixxxii. 


1066 


Hedera Swartz 


Ixxv. 


999 


Santolina L. 


Ixxxii. 


1066 


ttamameldcece Lindl. 


Ixxv. 


1006 


Artemisia Cass. 

A.br6tanus Dod. 


Ixxxii. 


1068 


//amamelideae R. Br. 






Absinthium Lob. 






^amamelis L. 


Ixxv. 


1007 


^Telichrysum Lessing 


Ixxxii. 


1070 


Trilopus Mith. 






Gnaphalium L. 






Fothergilla L. 


Ixxvi. 


100 


Stce^chas Dod. 

Astelmia R. Br. 


Ixxxii. 


1070 


CornacecB Lindl. 


Ixxvi . 


1009 


Cineraria Lessing - 


Ixxxii. 


1070 


Come* Dec. 






Jacobs N a Bonp. 
Agatht^a Cas. 






Corn us L. - 


Ixxvi. 


1009 


Carlowfzta Mcench 
Oiwhrhma Lk. 


Ixxxii. 


1072 


Virga Matth. 






Didelta L'HSrii. 


Ixxxii. 


1072 


BenthamJa Lindl. - 


Ixxvii. 


1019 


Berckheva Wiild. 
Cullumia R. Br. 


Ixxxii. 
Ixxxii. 


1072 
i 1072 


Loranthacece Lindl. 


Ixxvii. 


1020 


Othdnna L. 
Osteospermum L. 


Ixxxii. 
Ixxxiii. 


1072 

'1072 


Lorantheae Juss. 






Caldndula Vent. , 
Mutisio D. Don 


Ixxxiii. 
Ixxxiii. 


1072 
1072 


Ffscum L. - 


Ixxvii. 


1021 


Dahlia Cav. 
Atalanthus D. Don 


Ixxxiii. 
Ixxxiii. 


1073 
1073 


Aucuba Thunb. - 


Ixxvii. 


1026 


Prenunthet L. 
Sdnchus Jacq. 


Ixxxiii. 


1073 


Eubasis Sal. 






V'erndnia Hook. 


Ixxxiii. 


1073 


Lordnthus L. 


Ixxvii. 


1026 


^'ster Lab. - < 


Ixxxiii. 


1073 


CaprifoliacecB Richd. 


Ixxvii. 


1027 


HaxtAma. Caley. 
Chrysdcoma L. 
Brachvlffi'na Srvt. 


Ixxxiii. 
Ixxxiii. 


1073 
1073 


jSainbucus Tourn. - 


Ixxvii. 


1027 


Conjza L. 
Podanthus Lindl. 


Ixxxiii. 
Ixxxiii. 


1073 
1073 


fhyteuma Lour. 






Culcitium Spreitg. 
Cacalia L. - 


Ixxxiii. 
Ixxxiii. 


1074 
1074 


Fiburnum L. 


Ixxvii. 


1032 


Fran /.erid Willd. 


Ixxxiii. 


1074 


O'pulus Tourru 






ffidera Thunb. 
Pyrethrum Willd. 


Ixxxiii. 
Ixxxiii. 


1074 
1074 


Tinus Tourn. 






Ismelia Coss. 


Ixxxiii. 


1074 


Diervilla ... 


Ixxix. 


1042 


ylthanasia L. 
Balsamita Detf, 


Ixxxiii. 
Ixxxiii. 


1074 
1074 


Welgela. Thunb. 






Ptentza Willd. - 


Ixxxiii. 


1074 


Weigllla. Pers. 

Lonicera Desf. 


Ixxix. 


1042 


Tatiacetvm L'H^rit. 
Erioc(?phalus L. 
Senecio L. 


Ixxxiii. 

Ixxxiii. 


1074 
1074 


Caprifblium Juss. 
Xylosteum Juss. 






Tarchoniinthus Lam. 
Ericicoma D. Don 


Ixxxiii. 
Ixxxiii. 


1074 
1074 


Cnanuecttrasus Tourn. ! 
fericlymenum Tourn. 






Epacridacea Lindl. 


Ixxxiii. 


1075 


Xylfcteon Tourn. 






Epacrideae Br. 






Nintooa Swt. 
Islka Bbrck. 






Stjphdlia R. Br. 
Stenanthera R. Br. 


Ixxxiii. 
Ixxxiii. 


1075 
1075 


Islca Mccnch. 






Cjath6des Lab. - 


Ixxxiii. 


1 1075 


Symphoricarpos Dill. 

SyfliphoriccLTflQ Neck. 


Ixxxi. 


1058 


UlHbldM R. Br. 

Leucop6jron R. Br. 
Moniitoca R. Br. 


Ixxxiii. 
Ixxxiii. 
Ixxxiii. 


1075 
(1075 
1075 










Ixxxiii. 


1075 


Symphbria Pers. 
Anisdnthus Wild. 






E'pacris Forst. 


Ixxxiii. 
Ixxxiii. 


1075 
1075 


Ltmidera, L. 






Ander&6n/o R. Br. - ", 


Uixiii. 


1070 



EPITOME OF THE CONTENTS. 


[xxix] 




Content*. 


Text. 


Contents. 


Text. 


Sprengdlui Sm. 


Ixxiiii. 


1075 


Vireyd 


xciv. 


1173 


SphemStoina *>''< 


- Uxxiu. 


1075 


Befaria H. et B. 


xciv. 


1173 


Dracophtfllum R. Br. 






Hymeninthes Blum. 


xciv. 


1173 








(iavlussa'ccid H. B. et K. 


xciv. 


1173 








Th'ibaiidta H. B. et K. 


xcir. 


1173 


QriccicecR Juss. 


Ixxxiii. 


1076 


Cavendfshia J.imll. 
Agapetes D. Don 


xciv. 
xciv. 


1173 
11173 








Ceratostema K. et P. 


xciv. 


1173 


Erica D. Don 
Gypsocallis Sal. - 


- Ixxxiii. 
- Ixxxiii. 


1079 
1082 


Symplocacece D. Don. 


xcv. 


1186 


Calluna Sal. 


Ixxxv. 


1084 


S jmploco*Z,. - - '- 


xciv. 


1186 


Callfsta D. Don 
Ceramia D. Don 


Ixxxiv. 
Ixxxiv. 


1089 
1089 


Styracea Rich. 


xciv. 


1187 


Dasvanthes D. Don 
Dferaia D. Don 
EurVlepis D. Don 


Jxxxiv. 
Ixxxiv. 
Ixxxiv. 


1089 
1089 
1090 


Stjrax L. 


xciv. 


1187 


Pachysa D. Don 
8>ringiiclea D. Don 


Ixxxiv. 
Ixxxiv. 


1091 
1091 


Halesiaceaz D. Don 






B'lieVia L. - ! 
JE'ctasis D. Don 


Ixxxiv. 
Ixxxiv. 
Ixxxiv. 


1091 
1092 
1093 


and Link. 


xciv. 


1189 


Lop'h^ndra D. Don 
Lamprotis D. Don 


Ixxxiv. 
Ixxxiv. 


1088 

1093 


Haleswz Ellis 


xciv. 


1189 


Andromeda L. 

Polifblia Buxb. 

Cassiop<? D. Don - 


Ixxxv. 
- Ixxxvi. 


1105 
1107 


Sapotacese LindL 

Sapbtece R. Br. 


xciv. 


1191 


Cassandra D. Don 
Zenobia D. Don 


- Ixxxvi. 
- Ixxxvi. 


1108 
1108 


Argania Roem. et Schult. 

Elaeodindron Retz. 


xciv. 


1191 


Lyonwz Nutt. 
LeucothoV D. Don 


- Ixxxvi. 
- Ixxxvi. 


1109 
1113 


Sidertixylon L. 

.Sumelia Swartz. - 

A^chras L. 


xcv. 


1192 


Pieris D. Don 


- Ixxxvii. 


1114- 


Chrysophyllum Aubl. 






Phyllodoce Sal. - 
Daboe'da D. Don 


- Ixxxvii. 
- Ixxxvii. 


1115 
1116 


Rbenacece Dec. 


xcv. 


1194 


Menzitsia. Sm. 






-Diospyros L. - 


xcv. 


1194 


Arbutus Camer. - 


- Ixxxvii. 


1117 


E'benus Comm. 






,<4rctostaphylos Adans. 
Pernettya Gaud. - 


- Ixxxviii. 
- Ixxxviii. 


1123 
1124 


Guaiacana Tourn. 
Pseudolotus Matth. 
Embrydpteris L. * 


xcv. 


1197 


Gaul them L. - 
Epigae^a L. 


- Ixxxviii. 
- Ixxxviii. 


1125 
1126 


Oteacete LindL 

Oleinae Hqffl 


XCV. 


1198 


"Alem^cylum MX. 












Phalerocarpus G. Don 


Ixxxviii. 


1127 


Ligustrum Tourn. 


XCV. 


1198 


Clethra L. 


- Ixxxviii. 


1127 


Phillyrea Tourn. - 


xcv. 


1203 


-Rhododendron L. - 


- Ixxxix. 


1130 


Chionanthus L. 


xcvi. 


1205 


Azalea L. 






OMea L. 


xcvi. 


120- 


Rhodora L. 






Syringa L. 


xcvi. 


1208 


Chamcerhododendrot Tourn. 




Fontanesza Lab. 


xcvii. 


1213 


Kalmw! L. 
Menziesjtf Sm. 
Azalea D. Don - 


XCll. 

xcii. 
xcii. 


1151 
1152 
1153 


Fraxinus Tourn. 
O'rnus Pers. 


xcvii. 
xcviii. 


1213 
1241 


Loiseleitriz Desf. 
ChamcElldon Lk. 






Jasminacece Lindl. 


xcix. 


1248 


Leiophyllum Pers. - 
Amml/rsine Pursh. 


xcii. 


1154 


Jasmineae Juss. 
Jasminum ForsJc. - 


xcix. 


1248 


Fischers. Swartz. 






Mongbrium Lam. 






Ledum L. 
Faccfnium L. 


xcii. 
- xcii. 


1155 
1156 


Apocynacece Lindl. 


xcix. 


1254 


Fitis idae^a 


xcii. 


1156 


-4poc^nea Juss. 






Oxycoccus Pers. - 


- xciii. 


1168 


Fmca L. 


xcix. 


1254 


Brranthus Gmel. 


iciv. 


1171 


Tervlnca Tourn. 






BnkiAnthu* Lour. 


xciv. 


1712 


Mtrmium MX. ... 


xcix. 


1256 


JUcladbra Sal. 




Cerium L. 


xcix. 


1256 






VOL. III. 






Asclepiadese LindL xcix. 


1257 


Cobceacess D. Don. 


C. 


1264 


Asc\ep\de<e R. Br. 






CoboB'aCaT. 


c. 


1264 


Periploca L. 
Bignomaceae JR. 


- xcix. 
Br. c . 


1257 
1258 


Convolvulacea R. Br. 

Convolvulus L. 


C. 
c. 


1264 

1264 


Bigndnia Tourn. 
T'ecomn Juss. 


c. 
c. 


1258 
1259 


TSorayinacece Lindl. 


C. 


1265 


Catdlpa Juss. 


c. 


1261 


^oragineae Juts. 

JC-ithoscermum L. . 


c. 


1265 


lEccremocarpu* Humb. 
C*lampelis 6. Do* 


e. 

c. 


12fi3 chiu'm L. - 
1263 HeUotr6piu L. 4 


c. 
c. 


1265 
1265 



[xxx] 



EPITOME OF THE CONTENTS. 



c 


jntents. 


Text. 




Contents. 


Text. 


Cordiacess R. Br. 


C. 


1265 


Clunopodiacece Lindl. 


cii. 


1287 


Ehrettu Roxb. 


c. 


1265 


Chenopbdeae Vent. 






SolanacecB Lindl. 


C. 


1266 


Chenopodium L. 


cii. 


1288 


Solaneae Juss. 






Suaeda Forsk. . 






jSblanum L. - - 


C. 


1266 


^'triplex L. - - 


ciii. 


1289 


Melongdna Tourn. 
Pseudo-Capsicum Mcench. 
yyctdrtum Vent. 






Hdlfmus Bauh. 
Diotis Schreb. 


ciii. 


1290 


Aqudrtia, Jacq. 






Ceratb\des Tourn. 






.Lycium L. - 

Jasmindides Niss. 

Grabowsk/a Schlecht 


ci. 

ci. 


1269 
1273 


A'xyris L. 
Ceratosptrmum Pers. 
Achyranthes Forsk. 
Krascheninnikbv\& Guild. 






Nicotinna Grab. 




1274 


\3rtlca Roy 






Bru<nian?ia R, et P. - 


ci. 


1274 


Anabasis L. . 


ciii. 


1291 


SolandraL. 


ci. 


1274 


Kochirt Schr. ... 


ciii. 


1291 


rostrum L. 


ci. 


1274 


Bdseal,. 


ciii. 


1291 


Vestia W'illd. 
Cantua 7uw. 


ci. 


1274 


Camphordsma Schk. 


ciii. 


1291 


Scrophulariacece Lindl. 

Scrophularineae R. Br. 

Buddlea L. 

Halleria L. 


ci. 
ci. 

ci. 


1276 
1276 

1277 


Pofygonacece Lindl. 
Tragopyrum Bieb. 

Polygonum L. 

Atraphaxis L. 


ciii. 
ciii. 

ciii. 


1292 
1292 

1294- 


Maurdndya Jacq. 
Jtfimulus'WiVW. 


ci. 
ci. 


1277 
1277 


Calligonum L. 


ciii. 


1295 


Anthocercis R. Br. 


ci. 


1277 


Palldsia. L. 






Calceolaria R. Br 


d. 


1277 


Pterocdccos Pall. 






Veronica Ait. 


ci. 


1277 


Bmnnichia Gsertn. 


ciii. 


1296 


Ce"lsia Jacq. 
Capraria L. 
Frxlinis. Bot. Mag. 


ci. 


1277 
1277 


/tumex L. - 
Polj'gonum R. Br. 


ciii. 
ciii. 


1296 
1296 


Alonsoo R. et P. - 


ci. 


1277 








Angelonta H. B. et K. 




1277 
1277 


Ljauracece Lindl. 


ciii. 


1296 


Rhodorhkon Zucc. 


ci. 


1277 


Zaurineas Vent. 






Nycterinia D. Don 


ci. 


1277 


Laurus P/in. - 


ciii. 


1296 


Labiatce Juss. 


ci. 


1278 


Sassafras Esenb. 












Benzoin Esenb. 






Satureja L. - 


ci. 


1278 


Cinnamomum R. Br. 


civ. 


1305 


Thymus L. - - 
Hyssdpus L 


ci. 
cii. 


1278 

1278 


Proteacese Juss. 


civ. 


1306 


Teucrium Schreb. 


cii. 


1279 


Bilnksia R. Br. 
Grevillea Cunn. ... 


civ. 
civ. 


1306 
1306 


Phlomis L. - 


cii. 


1279 


Hakea R. Br. 


civ. 


1306 


7?osmarinus L. - 


cii. 


1279 


'ThymelacecR Juss. 


civ. 


1306 


Stachys L. 
Lavandula L. 


cii. 
cii. 


1281 

1 


Daphne L. 

Thi/mel^a Tourn. 


civ. 


1307 


A'cynos Lk. - 
Gardoquia Hook. - 


cii. 
cii. 


1282 
1282 


Ddphnoldcs Gesn. 
Laureola Roy. 
Sananrimda Bauh. 






Westringia Sm. 
Sal via L. 


cii. 
cii. 


1282 
1282 


Chamtedaphnoides Alpin. 

Dircaly. - - 


cv. 


1314- 


Audibertza Bentb. 


cii. 


1283 


Gnldia L. . 
Pasv.-vina L. 


cv. 


1315 
1315 


Plectrgnthus L'Htrit 


cii. 


1283 


Pimelea - 


cv. 


1315 


Siderltis /4i*. ... 
Leonotis R. Br. 


cii. 
cii. 


1283 
1283 


Santalacese Brown. 


CV. 


1316 


Sphdcele Benth. 
Dracocepbalum Com. 


cii. 
cii. 


12S3 

itsa 


Nyssa L. - 


CV. 


1315 


/'rasium L. 
Prostanthera Lab. 


cii. 
cii. 


1 283 
1283 


Osyris L. - - 


cvi. 


1320 








Cdsia Camer. 






\erbenacecE Juss. 


cii. 


1285 


^jl&aqncicecB Lindl. 


cvi. 


1321 


FitexL. 


cii. 


1285 


JGlaeagnus Tourn. 


cvi. 


1321 


C'erod^ndron R. Br. 
Volkamenu L. 
Duranta Hook. 

Aloysirt Or. 
Verbtna L' Herit. 


cii. 
cii. 
cii. 

cii. 


12S6 
1286 
1286 

1286 


Jfippophae L. 

Rhamnmdes Tourn. 

Shepherdz'a Nutt. - 


cvi. 
cvi. 


1324? 
1327 


Lipph\ Kunth. 






A.ristolocliie< R. Br. 


cvi. 


1328 


MijoporincB R. Br. 


cii. 


1287 


yiristolochia L. 


cvi. 


1328 




cii. 


1287 








Globulariacea Lindl. 


cii. 


1287 


Euphorbiticese Juss. 


cvii. 


1330 


GlobulSriae Dec. 






"uph6rb2fl - 


cvii. 


1331 


Globularia L. - - 


cii. 


1287 


Ti!//>/malus 






Plumbagindcece R. Br. 


cii. 


1287 


Stilling^ Garden - 
5uxus Tourn. 


cvii. 
cvii. 


1332 
1332 


.^.. f 


rii. 


1287 


Plajfidnthus F orst. 


cvii. 


1341 


WumbaRoL. 


cii. 


1287 


Clu^tta Bot. Mag. 


cvii. 


1311 



EPITOME OF THE CONTENTS. 



[xxxi] 



\3rticclce(B Lindl. 


Contents. Text. 

cvii. 1342 


Pterocarya Kunth 


Contents. Text. 

cxi. 1451 


L T rticeae Juss. 




Salicacece Lindl. 


cxi. 1453 


Morns Tuurn. 


- cvii. 1343 


Salicineae Rich. 




Broussonetia Vent. - 


- cviii. 1361 


Salixi. 


cxi. 1453 


Papyrus Encyc. Bot. 

Macliira Nutt. 

Ttixilon Raf. 


- cviii. 1362 


Populus Tourn. - 
"Betulaceee Dum. 


cxxi. 1636 
cxxiii. 1677 


.Ficus Tourn. 


_ cviii. 1365 


yl'lnus Tourn. 


cxxiii. 1677 


Borya Willd. - 


- cviii. 1370 


J5etula Tourn. - 


cxxiii. 1690 


Adilia Michx. 
Sigel6v\a. Sm. 




Qorylacetf Lindl. 


cxxiv. 1715 


Vlmdcece Mirb. 


cviii. 1371 


Cupuliferaj Rich. 

Quercus L. 


cxxiv. 1717 


t/lmus L. - 


cviii. 1373 


riex Tourn. 




Plan era Gmel. 
Celtis Tourn. 


ex. 1409 
ex. 1413 


S hber Tourn. 
Fagus L. - 
Costarica Tourn. 


cxxix. 1949 


Suglandacece Lindl. 

Juglandese Juss. 


ex. 1420 


Castanea Tourn. - 
Carpinus L. - 


cxxx. 1983 
cxxx. 2004 


Juglans L. 
(Tarya Nutt. 

Hicdrius Raf. 


ex. 1421 
cxi. 1421 


O'strya Willd. - 

Cdrpinus L. 

Corylus L. 


cxxxi. 2015 
cxxxi. 2016 




VOL. IV. 




Gam/aceae Lindl. 
Garrya Doug. 


cxxxi. 2031 
cxxxi. 2031 


Cunningham/^ R. Br. 
Ddmmara Rumph. 


- cxl. 2445 
- cxl. 2447 


^latanacece Lindl. 
Platanus L. - 


cxxxi. 2032 
cxxxi. 2033 


CVPKffSSlKE. 

Thuja L. 
Callitris Vent. 


- cxl. 2453 

cxl. 2454 
cxli. 2462 


Halsamdcece Lindl. 


cxxxii. 2048 


Fresnelia Mirb. 




Liquidambar L. - 
Altingia. Nov. 


cxxxii. 2049 


Cupressus 
Taxodium Rich. 


clxi. 2464 
clxii. 2480 


l&ijricacecE Lindl. 


cxxxii. 2055 


SchuberiiA Mirb. 
Condylocdrpus Sal. 




JWyrica L. - 


cxxxii. 2055 


/uniperus L. 


cxlii. 2487 


Comptoma Banks. 

LiauidujnibttT L. 


cxxxii. 2059 


Ympttracece Nutt. 


cxliii. 2506 






JS'mpetrum L. 


cxliii. 2506 


Casuaracece. R. Br. 


cxxxii. 2060 


Corema D. Don 


cxliii. 2508 


Casuar ina Ait. 


cxxxii. 2060 


Ceratiola MX. 


cxliii. 2508 


Gnetaceae Lindl. 


cxxxiii. 2062 


Smildcea Brown. 


cxliii. 2509 


.E'phedra L. 


cxxxiii. 2062 


iSmilax L. - 


cxliii. 2510 


Tazacetf Lindl. 


cxxxiii. 2065 


l^iliacece Dec. 


cxliv. 2215 


Taxus L. 


cxxxiii. 2066 


Asparagus L. - 


cxliv. 2516 


Salisbury Sm. - 


cxxxiii. 2094 




cxliv. 2517 


Gingko K&mpf. 

Podocdmus l.'Htrit. 


- cxxxiii. 2100 


Yulca L. ' 


cxlv. 2521 


Dacrydium So/and. 
PhyllcScladus Rich. 

Conifers? Juss. 


- cxxxiii. 2101 
. cxxxiii. 2102 

cxxxiii. 2103 


Amaryllidacesd Lindl. 
Fourcrojrt Vent. - cxlv. 2527 


$ ^BIE'TIN^E. 


cxxxiii. 2106 


LittaeVz Brig. - 


cxlv. 2528 


Pinus L. - 


cxxxiii. 21J2 


Agave Ker. 




A^bies D. Don - 


cxxxvii. 2293 


Bonaparte*. Haw. 




Picea Lk. 




Agave L. - 


cxlv. 2529 


Picea D. Don 


cxxxviii. 2329 


Phormium Thun. 


cxlv. 2529 


A?bies Lk. 
JLarix Town. 
Cedrus Barrel. - 


cxxxix. 2350 
cxl. 2402 


PdlmecB Juss. 
ChamaeVops L. - 


cxlv. 2530 


Araucaria 7?. et P. 


cxl. 2432 


Grammece R. Br 




Eutdssn Sal. 




Bambusa L. - 


cxlv. 2532 


Colymbia Sal. 
Dombtyn. Lam. 




^Irundo Beauv. 


cxlv. 2532 



SUPPLEMENT, APPENDIXES, AND INDEXES. 



[xxxii] 



EPITOME OF THE PLATES. 



EPITOME OF THE PLATES. 



VOL. V. 
Magnoliacese. 

Magnolia, 9 sp. and 2 var. ; 

12 plates. 
Liriodendron, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 

Tiliacece. 

Tflia, 8 sp. and 1 var. ; 10 pi. 

Accracece. 

A*cer, 15 sp. and 1 var.; 21 pi. 
Negundo, 1 sp. and 1 var.; 2 pi. 



^E'sculus, 2 sp. ; 3 pi. 
Pavt'a, 3 sp. and 1 var. ; 6 pi. 

Sapindacece. 

Kblreuteria, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 

XanthoxylacecB. 

Xanthoxylum, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 
Ptelea, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 
Aildntus, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 

Celastracece. 

.Euonymus, 2 sp. ; 2 pi. 

AquifoliacecE. 

.Tlex, 2 sp. ; 4 pi. 

l&hamndcece. 

Paliurus, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 
.Rhamnus, 4 sp. ; 4 pi. 

Homalindceae. 

AristoteKa, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 

LeguminbscB. 

Sophbra, 1 sp. and 1 var.; 3 pi, 
Virgilia, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 
Cytisus, 2 sp. and 2 var. ; 4 pi 
Robim'a, 3 sp. and 2 var.; 6 pi 
Caragana, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 
Gleditschia, 7 sp. ; 9 pi. 
Gymnocladus, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 
Cercia, 2 sp. ; 3 pi. 
Acacia, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 



VOL. VI. 
l&osacece. 

y^m^gdalus, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 
Persica, 1 sp. ; I pi. 
u4rmeniaca, 2 sp. ; 2 pi. 
Priinus, 3 sp. ; 3 pL 



Cerasus, 7 sp. ; 9 pi. 
Cratae N gus, 21 spec, and 13 

var. ; 36 pi. 
Photinia, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 
Cotoneaster, 4 sp. ; 4 pi. 
Ameldnchier, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 
Mespilus, 2 sp. ; 2 pi. 
Pyrus, 18 sp. and 2 var. ; 

22 pi. 
Cydonia, 2 sp. ; 2 pi. 

l&yrtacece. 

Eucalyptus, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 

Cornacece. 

Cornus, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 

Caprifoliacece. 

Sambucus, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 
Fiburnum, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 

'Ericacece. 

^4'rbutus, 2 sp. ; 2 pi. 

Halesiacese. 

Halesia, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 



Z)iospyros, 2 sp. ; 4 pi. 



^"raxinus, 8 sp. and 1 yar. ; 

11 pi. 
O'rnus, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 

VOL. VII. 
Bignoniaceae. 

Catdlpa, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 

Lauracece. 

Zaurus, 2 sp. ; 3 pi. 

Santalaceae. 

Nyssa, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 

T&lceagnacea. 

^laeagnus, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 
.Hlpp6phae, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 

Urticticece. 

Morus, 3 sp. ; 5 pi. 
Broussonetia, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 
Ficus, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 

Ulmacea. 

{7'lmus, 7 sp. and 5 var. ; 1 5 pi. 
Planera, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 
Celtis, 2 sp. ; 3 pi. 



Juglandacece. 

Juglans, 3 sp. ; 6 pi. 
Carya, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 
Pterocarya, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 

Salicacece. 

jSalix, 4 sp. and 1 var. ; 6 pi. 
Populus, 10 sp. and 1 var. ; 
17 pi. 

BetulacecB. 

A'lnus, 2 sp. and 1 var. ; 4 pi. 
jtfetula, 4 sp. ; 5 pi. 

Corylacece, or Cupuli- 
ferce. 

Quercus, 6 sp. and 4 var. ; 
20 pi. 



VOL. VIII. 

Corylacea, or Cupuli- 
ferce. 

Quercus, 13 sp. and 6 var. ; 

24 pi. 

Fagus, 1 sp. and 2 var. ; 4 pL 
Castanea, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 
Carptnus, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 
O'strya, 2 sp. ; 3 pi. 
Corylus, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 

Platanacece. 

Platanus, 2 sp. and 2 var. ; 6 pi. 

'Balsamacea. 

Liquidambar, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 

Taxacece. 

Tuxus, 1 sp. and 1 var. ; 4 pi. 
Salisburia, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 

Conifera, Abietince. 

Pinus, 1 1 sp. and 1 var. ; 1 7 pi. 
vfbies, 5 sp. and 1 var. ; 10 pL 
Picea, 2 sp. ; 4 pi. 
1/arix, 2 sp. ; 4 pi. 
Cedrus, 1 sp. and 1 var. ; 5 pi. 

Abietina, Cupressina. 

Thuja, 2 sp. ; 2 pi. 
Cupressus, 2 sp. ; 1 pi. 
Taxodium, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. ! 
/uniperus, 3 sp. ; 5 pi. 



F X1H 



CONTENTS. 



INTRODUCTION. 

Uses of Trees, 1. Ornaments, 2. Interchange of Trees, 3. Arrangement of the 
Work, 4. 

PART I. 

GENERAL OUTLINE OF THE HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF THE TREES 
AND SHRUBS OF TEMPERATE CLIMATES. 



CHAP. I. 

Of the Knowledge of Trees and Shrubs 
which existed among the Nations of 
Antiquity, 15. 

Sacred Trees, 15. Trees of the Egyptians and 
Persians, 16. Enumeration of the Species of 
Trees indigenous to Greece as given by Theo- 
phrastus, 17. Trees of the Romans, 19. 

CHAP. II. 

Of the History and Geography of the 
Trees and Shrubs now in the British 
Islands, 20. 

SECT. I. Of the Native Trees and 
Shrubs of the British Islands, 20. 

Trees found by Caesar, 20. Trees, the indige- 
nousness of which is considered doubtful, 21. 
Beech, Sweet Chestnut, English Elm, &.-c., 22. 
The Box, 25. Trees known to our Saxon 
Ancestors, 26. Enumeration of the Species 
and Varieties of Ligneous Plants included in 
the British Flora, from Smith and Hooker, 
27. Classification of the Ligneous British 
Flora, according to height, habit, and popu- 
lar character, 30. 

SECT. II. Of the Foreign Trees and 
Shrubs introduced into the British 
Isles, 31. 

SUBSECT. 1. Of the Foreign Trees 
and Shrubs introduced into 
Britain by the Romans, and 
during the Middle Ages, till the 
end of the 15th Century, 32. 

Trees and Shrubs introduced by the Romans 
3-_>. ; by the Occupiers of Monasteries and 
other religious Houses, and by the Cru- 
saders, 33. Introduction of the cultivated 
Hose, 33. York and Lancaster Rose, 34. 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of Scotland 
and Ireland, 34. 



SUBSECT. 2. Of the Foreign Trees 
and Shrubs introduced into 
Britain in the 16th Century, 35. 

Trees and Shrubs introduced in the time of 
Henry VIII., 35. Fitzherbert, Turner, 
Goodge, L'Obel, Grindal, Hampden, Ge- 
rard, &c., 35. Trees and Shrubs in the 
Earl of Essex's Garden at Barn Elms, 36. 
Corbett's Nursery at Twickenham, 36. 
Raleigh's Park in Dorsetshire, 36. Enume- 
ration of the Species of Trees and Shrubs 
introduced into England during the Ifith 
Century, by Hugh Morgan, Gray, L'Obel, 
Grindal, Gerard, &c., 36. 39. 

SUBSECT. 3. Of the Foreign Trees 
and Shrubs introduced into Bri- 
tain in the 17th Century, 40. 

Tradescant's Garden at Lambeth, Bishop 
Compton's Garden at Fulham, 41. Ray's 
Historia Plantarum, 41. Dr. Mitchel, Sir 
Win. Watson, Mr. Bentick, Dr. Plukenet, 
Sir Hans Sloane, Furber of Kensington, 
Gray of Fulham, &c., 41. Enumeration of 
Species of Foreign Trees and Shrubs found 
in the Episcopal Garden at Fulham in 1751, 
42. ; in 17'.)3, and again in 1809, by Lyson, 
43.; in 1*.V>. 41. Banister. Evelyn, Her- 
mann, Gibson, Sir Stephen Fox, London 
and Wise, Cooke, Lukar, London and 
Field, Dr. Uvedale, Miller, &c., 42. 46. 
Enumeration of the Trees and Shrubs in- 
troduced into England during the 17th Cen- 
tury, according to the Hortus Kewensis, 49. 
Harefield Park, 52. Edinburgh Botanic 
Garden, Oxford Botanic Garden, 53. 

SUBSECT. 4. Of the Foreign Trees 
and Shrubs introduced into 
Britain during the 18th Cen- 
tury, 54. 

Trees and Shrubs introduced at Whitton, 
Goodwood, Syon, &c., 54. Miller, Bradley, 
Switzer, Linnaeus, Peter Collinson, the 
London Nurserymen, &c., 54. Ridgway 
House Garden, 54. London Gardens in 
1712, 55. Lord Petre's Collection, 55. 



a 



XIV 



CONTENTS. 



John Clark, a Butcher at Barnes, famous 
for raising Cedars from Seed, &c. ,55. The 
Great Cedar at Hendon Place, the Cedars 
at Whitton, 55. Fine Gardens noticed by 
Collinson on a blank Leaf of his Copy of 
Miller's Dictionary, 50. Enumeration of 
Trees and Shrubs, with their Dimensions, 
found in the Garden at Mill Hill (which 
formerly belonged to Collinson) in January, 
1835,56. Peterborough House, \\hitton, 
57 Twickenham Botanic Garden, Thorn- 
don Hall, Essex, 58. Cedar House, Cashio- 
bury, 59. Catalogue of Trees and Shrubs 
propogated for Sale in the London Nur- 
series in 1730, 60. Celebrated Amateurs 
and Gardeners of that Time: Dr. Compton, 
S Reynardson, Esq., Dr. Uvedale, Duchess 
of Beaufort, Earl of Pembroke, 61 . Dubois, 
62. List of Species and Varieties of Trees 
and Shrubs given in the Catalogue of the 
Society of Gardeners, arranged according 
to the Natural System, 64. Catesby'sTravels 
and Publications, 68. Plan for importing 
Acorns and other Seeds of American 
Trees, 70. Dr. Garden of Charlestown, 70. 
Planting of Stowe, Blenheim, Corby Castle, 
Pain's Hall, &c., 70, 71. Upton House, 
and its fine Specimens of Foreign Trees 
and Shrubs, 71. Trees and Shrubs at 
Purser's Cross in 1756, their comparative 
Dimensions taken at different periods be- 
tween 1793 and 1835, 72. Trees and Shrubs 
at Syon, at Croome, and at various other 
Places, 73. Collection in the Chelsea 
Botanic Garden, 74. Botanic Garden and 
Arboretum at Kew, Sherard's Botanic 
Garden at Eltham, Twickenham Botanic 
Garden, 75. Brompton Park Nursery, 76. 
Kensington Nursery, Hoxton Nursery, 
Mile End Nursery, 77. Putney Nursery, 
Hammersmith Nursery, 78. Hackney Bo- 
tanic Garden and Nursery, and those of ( 
Brentford, Lewisham, New Cross, &c., 79. ) 
Botanical and Horticultural Authors and 
Artists of the 18th Century, 79. Enume- 
ration of the Trees and Shrubs introduced 
during each Decade of the 18th Century, 
80-84. Biographical Notices of John and 
William Bartram, 85. Trees and Shrubs 
introduced into Scotland during the lth 
Century, 86. Dr. Walker's Exertions, 87. 
Mr. Sang's Planter's Kalendar, 89. Lists 
of the Species of Foreign Trees and Shrubs 
introduced into Scotland during the 17th 
and 18th Centuries according to Dr. Walker, 
90, 91. Taymouth, Inverary Castle, 91. 
Prestonfield,92. Hamilton Palace, 92. Pan- 
mure, New Posso, 93. Holyrood House, 
94. Bargally, the Property of Andrew 
Heron, one of the greatest Botanists and 
Horticulturists that has ever appeared in 
Scotland, 95. 99. Dunkeld,99. NewHailes, 
Arbigland. Loudon Castle, Dalmahoy, 101. 
Hopetoun House, Carmichael, Tyningham, 
!().'. Scottish Nurseries, 104. Indigenous ' 
Trees of Ireland, 105. Irish Yew in a Gar- 
den at Mayland near Antrim, 106. Antrim 
Castle, 106. Mitchelstown, 107- Moira, 
and other Places celebrated for Foreign 
Trees ; Lords Oriel and Clanbrasil intro- 
duced by far the greater number of Trees 
into Ireland in the 18th Century, 108. Di- 
mensions of many fine Specimens of Trees 
and Shrubs at Oriel Temple, 109. ; at An- 
trim Castle, 109. ; at Tollymore Park, at 
Dnndalk, 110. ; at Cypress Grove, at Moira, 
and at Cranmore, 111. ; at Castle W T ard, 
112. ; at Howth Castle, Charleville Forest, 
and Shelton Abbey, 113. ; at Castle Freke, 
Florence Court, Killrudery House, Mount 
Anville Hill, Castletown, 114. The finest 
Cedars in Ireland, 114. The largest Oak 
in Ireland, 115. Foreign Trees and Shrubs 
at Hillsborough, 1 15. Irish Nurseries, 115. 
Kilkenny Nursery, &c., 116. Glasnovin 
and Trinity College Botanic Gardens, 116, 
117. 



SUBSECT. 5. Of the Foreign Trees 
and Shrubs introduced into 
Britain during the 19th Cen- 
tury, 117. 

The number of Trees and Shrubs introduced 
in the three first Decades, 117. Biogra- 
phical Notice of John Fraser, the Botanical 
Collector, 119. ; of John Lyon, 122.; of 
David Douglas, 123. List of the Species 
and Varieties of Trees and Shrubs intro- 
duced into Europe by Douglas, 125. Num- 
ber of Species of Foreign Trees and Shrubs 
introduced in Britain during every 10 Years, 
between 1548 and 1830 ; Number of Species 
furnished to Britain by each particular 
Foreign Country, 126. Planters of British 
Arboretums and Fruticetums since the 
Commencement of the 19th Century, 129. 
Public Bodies that have planted Arbore- 
tums, 129. British Nurserymen who hav 
formed Arboretums, 130. 

CHAP. III. 

Of the History and Geography of the 
Trees and Shrubs of the Continent 
of Europe, 132. 

SECT. I. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 
France, 132. 

Enumeration of the Species of Trees and Shrubs 
indigenous to France, according to the Bo- 
tanicon Gallicum, 132. Comparison be- 
tween the Ligneous Flora of France, and that 
of Britain, 134. Classification of the Indi- 
genous and Foreign Trees of France by Pro- 
fessor Thouin, 135. Comparison between 
the Number of Ligneous Plants in the Jardin 
des Plantes at Paris, and the London Horti- 
cultural Society's Garden, in 1834, 135. Robin, 
Duhamel, Jansen, Lemonnier, &c., 137. Re- 
mains of Collections of Foreign Trees and 
Shrubs in France, existing in 1834, 188. 
Existing Collectors of Foreign Trees and 
Shrubs in France, 139. Notice of Duhamel 
dn Monceau, 140. ; of Andre Michaux, 140. ; 
of F. A. Michaux, 142. ; of Dumont de Cour- 
set, and of the Gardens at Courset, 142. 

SECT. II. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of Hol- 
land and the Netherlands, 143. 

Botanic Garden at Antwerp, 144. Country Seats 
near Rotterdam, 144. Garden at Lacken, 
with Dimensions of some of the Exotic Trees 
there, 145. Brussels, Ghent, and other Bo- 
tanic Gardens, 145. 

SECT. III. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of Ger- 
many, including Hungary, 145. 

Enumeration of the Ligneous Plants indigenous 
to Germany and Hungary, 14(i. Historical 
Notices of the Places most celebrated for 
their Collection of Exotic Trees and Shrubs, 
147. Heidelberg, Baden, Durlach, Schwob- 
ber, Ilarbke, Worlitz, Schonbrunn, 145. 
Botanic Garden of the I Diversity of Vienna, 
Kopeir/.el, Briick on the Leytha, lladorsdorf, 
Eisenstadt, 1")0. Enumeration of the Species 
of Evergreen Trees and Shrubs, foreign and 
indigenous, which stand the Winter at Vienna 
without Protection, l-~><>. Remarkable Speci- 
mens of Trees and Shrubs in the Botanic 
Garden at Berlin, 151. Foreign Trees and 



CONTENTS. 



'XV 






Shrubs in Bavaria, in Saxony, in Hanover, 
151.; in Wirtemberg, in Baden, in Hr-v 
Cassel, in Nassau, 152. ; in Mecklenburg, 
Anhalt, Frankfort, &c., 153. Principal Cier- 
man Nurseries, 153. 

SECT. IV. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 
Scandinavia, including Denmark, 
Holstein, Sweden, Lapland, Fin- 
land, Iceland, Greenland, and the 
Faroe Islands, 153. 

Enumeration of the Species of Ligneous Plants 
indigenous in the Scandinavian Peninsula, 
153. ; in the Faroe Islands, 154. Arboricul- 
tural Flora of Sweden, of Denmark, 154. 
Swedish Noblemen most conspicuous for 
introducing Foreign Trees and Shrubs, 155. 

SECT. V. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of the 
Russian Empire, 155. 

Enumeration of the Ligneous Species indi- 

fenous to Russia, from Pallas's Flora Rossica, 
56. Trees and Shrubs foreign and indi- 
genous, which stand the Winter in the Peters- 
burg Gardens, 157. Trees and Shrubs, 
foreign and indigenous, which endure the 
Winter in Moscow, 158. Trees and Shrubs 
which grow in the open Air in the Crimea, 
159. 



SECT. VI. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 
Switzerland, 161. 

Enumeration of the Indigenous Species from 
Gandhi's Flora Helvetica, 160. Kxotic Trees 
cultivated in Switzerland, Swiss Nurseries, 
161. Places celebrated for Collections of 
Trees, 162. Bourdigny, 163. Botanic Gar- 
dens of Geneva, 164. 

SECT. VII. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of Italy, 
Greece, Spain, Portugal, and the 
Mediterranean Islands, 164-. 

Enumeration of Species from various Authors, 
164168. 

SUBSECT. 1. Of the Trees and Shrubs 
of Italy, 168. 

First Introduction, 168. ; into Lombardy, 168. 
Remarkable Specimens in different Italian 
Gardens, Park and Gardens of Monza, &c., 
Isola Bella, 

SUBSECT. 2. Of the Trees and Shrubs 
of Spain and Portugal, 170. 

La Gasca, Capt. S. C. Cook, 170. Discovery 
by ('apt. Cook and Mr. Drummond that 
the Alcrcc is the Thiija articulata, 171. 

SUBSECT. 3. Of the Trees and Shrubs 
of Turkey and Modern Greece, 
171. 

CHAP. IV. 

Of the Trees and Shrubs of Asia, Africa, 
America, and Australia, which are 
suitable for temperate Climates, 172. 



SECT. I. Of the Trees and Shrubs 
suitable for Temperate Climates, 
indigenous or introduced, in Asia, 
172. 

Enumeration of the Species inhabiting Regions 
temperate from their Elevation, and which, it 
i> believed, would for the greater part endure 
the open air in the Climate of London, from 
Royle's Illustrations and other Sources, 173. 
Enumeration of the Species composing the 
Ligneous Flora of China, and which, it is be- 
lieved, would for the greater part endure the 
Climate of London, 176. 

SECT. II. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 
Africa, 177. 

SECT. III. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of Ame- 
rica, 178. 

SUBSECT. 1. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 
North America, 178. 

Enumeration of the Indigenous Species, the 
greater part of which have been already 
introduced into Britain, 178. European 
Trees and Shrubs introduced into America, 
181. General Aspect of the Ligneous 
Vegetation of America, 182. ; about New 
York, Lake Champlain, St. Lawrence, 
Montreal, Lake Ontario, Toronto, Nia- 
gara, Hamilton, New London, Goderich, 
183. ; St. Clair, Lake Huron, Lake Erie, 
Pittsburg, Alleghany Mountains, 184. : 
Mexico, 185. 

SUBSECT. 2. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 
South America, 185. 

SECT. IV. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 
Australia and Polynesia. 

Trees and Shrubs of New Zealand, 185. ; of 
Van Diemen's Land; of New Holland, 
&c., 186. 

CHAP. V. 

Of the Literature of the Trees and Shrubs 
of Temperate Climates, 187. 

Aristotle, Theophrastus, Vitruvius, Crescentius, 
Belon, Meursius, Johnston, Aldrovandus, Eve- 
lyn, 187. Hanbury, Miller, Earl of Haddington, 
Mead, Morel, Boutcher, Dr. Anderson, Mar- 
shal, Nichol, Sang, Pontey, Lambert, Dr. 
Wade, Philips, Watson, Cobbett, George Don, 

188. In France ; Duhamel, Loiseleur Des- 
longchamps, Desfontaines, Jaume St. Hilaire, 
Thouin, Andre Michaux, F. A. Michaux, Du- 
mont de Courset, 189. In Holland ; Krause, 

189. In Germany; Du Roi, Schmidt, C. L. 
Willdenow. F. J. Hayne, F. Otto, 190. In 
America, D. J. Brown, 190. 

CHAP. VI. 
Conclusion, 190. 

Free and universal Exchange and Intercourse, 
191. Equalisation of the Plants of different 
Regions of the Temperate Zone ; Establish- 
ment of Botanic Gardens and Arboretums all 
over the World, 192. Cooperative System ap- 
plied to the collecting, distributing, and culti- 
vating of Trees and Shrubs, 192. 



CONTENTS. 



PART II. 



OF THE SCIENCE OF THE STUDY OF TREES. 



CHAP. I. 

Of the Study of Trees pictorially, or as 
component Parts of General Scenery, 
193. 

SECT. I. Of the Study of the Forms 
of Trees and Shrubs, 193. 

Height and Breadth, Form and Outline, 194. 
Light and Shade, Colours, Trunks of Trees, 
195. Branches, 196. Mode of Growth, Mode 
of Tufting, Leaves, Spray, Buds, 197. 

SECT. II. Of the Expression and 
Character of Trees and Shrubs 
considered pictorially, 198. 

Character, Regularity, 198. Symmetry, Or- 
ganic Beauty, Moral and Historical Expres- 
sion, 199. Picturesque Beauty, Gardenesque 
Beauty, Architectural and Sculpturesque 
Trees, Viewing Trees with Reference to 
their Beauty as Organic Forms, 200. Trees 
with Local Associations, 201. 

SECT. III. Of the Mode of drawing 
Trees from Nature, in such a 
Manner as to give the general 
Pictorial Expression of the Species 
of Tree delineated, 202. 

Choice of Specimens, 202. ; Details of the Pro- 
cess, 203. Drawing to a Scale, 204. Draw- 
ing the Leaves in order to exhibit the 
" Touch," 207. Botanical Specimens, 209. 



CHAP. II. 

Trees and Shrubs considered botanically, 
211. 

SECT. I. Of the Classification of Trees 
and Shrubs, 211. 

Alphabetical Arrangement, 211. Linnaean 
Arrangement ; Jussieuean, or Natural, Ar- 
rangement, 212. 

SECT. II. Of the Distinction between 
Species and Varieties in Trees 
and Shrubs, 212. 

Definition of a Species ; Cultivated Varieties, 
Accidental Varieties, 213. Botanical Species, 
214. Species according to De Candolle, 215. ; 
Races according to the same Author, 215. 
Varieties, Variations, Mules and Hybrids, 
Botanical Species according to De Candolle 
216. 



SECT. III. Of the Mode of describing 
Trees and Shrubs, 217. 

Unavoidable Evils of describing Plants from 
dried Specimens, 218. 

CHAP. III. 

Trees and Shrubs considered with Re- 
ference to their Uses in the Eco- 
nomy of Nature, and to Man, 219. 

SECT. I. Trees and Shrubs considered 
with Reference to uncultivated 
Nature, 220. 

Influence of a Predominance of Forest on the 
indigenous Animals ; on the herbaceous 
Plants ; on theWaters, Rivers, and Lakes ; in 
increasing the Moisture of the Atmosphere ; 
in moderating the Heat of Summer, and the 
Cold of Winter, 220. Forests of Britain, of 
France, of Germany, of Italy. 220. ; of 
Holland, Belgium, &c., 221. 

SECT. II. Trees and Shrubs con- 
sidered with Reference to Man, 
221. 

Uses of Timber in Arts and Manufactures, 
221. Of the Fruit, Flowers, and other Pro- 
ducts of Trees in Domestic Economy, 222. 

CHAP. IV. 

Summary of Particulars to be taken 
into Consideration, in preparing the 
Description, and Natural and Econo- 
mical History, of Trees and Shrubs, 
222. 

Classification : Genera, Distinctive- Character, 
Identifications, Synonymes, Derivations, 222- 
Engravings: Engravings of Trees, Pictorial 
Signs, Descriptions, Descriptive Details, 223. 
General Descriptions, 224. Casualties : Insects 
and Vermin, Parasitical Plants, Diseases, Ac- 
cidents, 225. Geographical Distribution, 226. 
History: Retrospective History, Prospective 
History, 226. Use : Arts of Construction, 220. ; 
Manufacture of Machinery, &c., the Arts of Fa- 
brication, Chemical Arts, Arts of Domestic 
Economy, the Arts of Rural Economy, Medi- 
cine, the Use of Trees by the Priests of par- 
ticular Religions ; Poetical, Mythological, and 
Legendary Associations ; the Picturesque and 
Decorative Uses of Trees, 227. Propagation: Na- 
tural Propagation, Artificial Propagation, 227. 
Culture : the Soil, Situation, and Exposure, 
Culture in the Nursery, 228.; Choice of Plants 
and planting out ; Culture after final removal ; 
Species adapted for Succession, 22!). Statistics : 
Geographical Statistics, 229.; Commercial Sta- 
tistics, 230. 



CONTENTS. 



PART III. 




E DESCRIPTION, GEOGRAPHY, HISTORY, PROPERTIES AND USES, SOIL 
AND SITUATION, PROPAGATION AND CULTURE, ACCIDENTS, DISEASES, 
INSECTS, AND STATISTICS, OF THE HARDY TREES AND SHRUBS OF 
BRITAIN, INDIGENOUS AND FOREIGN ; WITH NOTICES OF THE HALF- 
HARDY SPECIES. 



The Synonymes are printed in Italics. The letters pi. refer to the portraits of entire trees ; and the letters 
fig. and/, to the botanical figures incorporated in the text. 



Page 

Ranunculdcece Dec. .A 1. j* 231 

Sect. I. CLEMATI'DE^:. JL fl_ 232 
I. 6'LE'MATIS L. 1 L - -232 

THE CLEMATIS, or Virgin's Bower. 
Ladies^ Bower, Gerard. 
Clematite, Fr. 
Waldrebe, Ger. 
Clematide, Ital. 

i. Flammula Dec. 1 _J - 233 

1. Flammula L. 1 France fig. 9. 233 

The inflammatory -juiced Clematis. 
C. urens Gerard. 
C. maritima All. Ped. 
C. suaveokns Sal. Prod. 
The sweet-scented Virgin's Bower. 
Clematite odor ante, Fr. 
Scharfe Waldrebe, Ger. 

Varieties - 233 

2 rotundifolia Dec. 

C.fragrans Zea. 

3 maritima Dec. _ 

4 rubella Dec. JL 

5 caespitosa Dec. A 

C. ccESpitbsa Scop. 
C. Flammula Bertol. 

2. orientalis L. 1 Levant fig. 10. 234 

The Oriental Clematis. 

Flammula scdudens Dill. Elt. 
Clematis flava Mrench Meth. 

3. -.laiica m7/rf. l Siberia fig. 11. 235 

The glaucous-terttvd Clematis. 

\. i-liincnsis Itctz. 1 China. - 235 
The Chinese Clematis. 

5. paniculata Thunb. 1 Japan - 235 
The panicled Clematis. 

6. Vitalba L. _| England fig. 12. 235 

The White Vine Clematis. 
Atfirdgenc Theoph. 
V//w tyh&ttri* Diosc. 
Clematis lattfbtia, sen ktrdgenc, Ray. 

C. alter a Matth. 

C. ffrtt'a Comm. 

Viorna Ger. and Lob. 

V)//.v iriiira l-'uchs. 

Vitalba Dod. 

Traveller's Joy, Old Man's Beard, Bind- 
ii'itfi, Common Virgin's Bower, Wild 
Climber, Great l\'il,t Climber. 



Page 
Clematite brulante, Clematite des Hayes, 

L'Herbe aux Gueux, La Viorne des 

Pauvres, Fr. 
Gemeine Waldrebe, Ger. 



Variety 
2 integrata 



236 



7. virginiana L. _L N. America f. 13. 237 

The Virginian Clematis. 

C. canadensis Tourn. 
C. cordifolia Moench. 

Variety - 237 

2 bracteata Dec. 1 

C. bracteata Mcench. 

8. triternata Dec. j. E. Indies - 238 

The triternate-Zrawd Clematis. 
Atrdgene triternata Desf. 

9. Viorna L. 1 N. America fig. 14. 238 

The Road-ornamenting Clematis. 
C. purpurea repcns Ray. 
Flammula scdndens Dill. 
Leathery-flowered Clematis. 
Glocken-bliithige Waldrebe, Ger. 

Variety - - 238 

2 Simsiz A 

10. cylindrica Sims. A N.Am. fig. 15. 239 

The cylindrical-./?<wera* Clematis. 
C. crispa Lam. 
C. Viorna Andr. 
C. divaricata Jacq. 
Long-flowered Virgin's Bower. 

11. Simsw Swt. 1 N. America f. 16. 240 

Sims's Clematis. 

C. corddta Sims. 

12. reticulata Walt. N. Am. f. 17. 240 

The net-veined-leaved Clematis. 
C. rbsea Abbott. 

ii. ViticeUa Dec. 1 - 240 

13. florida Thunb. 1 Japan fig. 18. 240 

The florid Clematis. 

Atrdgene indica Desf. 

A. florida Pers. 

Clematite a grandcs Fleurs, Fr. 

Grosbluthige Waldrebe, Ger. 

Variety . - 241 

flore pleno 1 



XV111 



CONTENTS. 






14. Viticella L. 1 Spain - fig. 19. 241 

The Vine-bower Clematis. 

J'i tic,' 1 1 a delti'ildea Moench. 

The rcd-ftoirered Lady's Bower, Gerard. 

Italianische 11'aldrcbe, Ger. 

Varieties - - 241 

1 caerulea J. 

2 purpurea J. 

3 multiplex G. Don. _. 

C. pulcht'lla Pers. 1 

4 tenuifolia Dec. A 

5 baccata Dec. A 

15. campaniflora Brot. -1 Sp. f.20. 242 

The Bell-flowered Clematis. 
C. viornoldes Schrad. 
C.parvtfttra Dec. 

16. crispai. 1 N.America f. 21. 243 

The curled-seated Clematis. 
C.ftbrecrispoT>\\\. Elth. 

iii. Cheiropsis Dec. fl_ - 243 

17. cirrhosa/,. fl- - fig. 22. 243 

The tendriled Clematis. 

Atragene cirrhbsa Pers. 
Traveller's Joy of Candia, Spanish Travel- 
ler's Joy, Johnson's Gerard. 
Spanish Wild Cucumber, Parkinson. 
Evergreen Clematis. 
Einfachblattrige Waldrebe, Ger. 

Variety - - 243 

2 pedicellata Dec. i. 
C. baledrica Pers. 
C. pedicellata Swt. 
C. cirrhosa Sims. 

18. balearica Rich. fl_ Minorca - 244 

The Minorca Clematis. 
C. calycina Ait. 
CUmatite de Mahon, Fr. 

iv. Anemoniflbra. A 

19. montana#aw.l Nepal f.23, 24. 245 

The Mountain Clematis. 

C. anemoniflbra D. Don. 

App. i. Doubtful Species of Clematis. 246 

C. terniflora Dec., biternata Dec., dahurica Dec., 

diversifblia Dec., japonica Dec., semitriloba Dec., 

campanifldra Dec. 

App. ii. Anticipated Introductions. 246 

C. nepalensis, pallescens, mtifblia, Buchananzana 
intricata, holosericea, Walterz, Catesby^raar. 

II. /ITRA'GENE L. 1 - 246 

THE ATRAGENE. 

Clematis Lam. and Dec. 
Atragene, Fr. and Ger. 

1. alpina.L. 1 Austria fig. 25. 247 

The Alpine Atragene. 

Ctematis cceriilea Bauh. 
\lrfigene austrlaca Scop. 
A. clcmatides Crantz. 
Clematis alptna Mill. Diet. 

2. sibirica L. -i Siberia fig. 26. 247 

The Siberian Atragene. 



A. alp'ma Gmel. Sib. 
Cldmatis sibirica Mill. Diet. 
Variety 



248 



Page 

3. ochote'nsis Pall. 1 Siberia - 248 

The Ochotskoi Atragene. 
A. violiicea Pall. 
Cl&natis ockottfnrii Poir. 

4. americana Sims. 1 N.Am. fig. 27. 248 

The American Atragene. 

Clematis verticilldris Dec. 



Variety 
2 obliqua Dougl. A 



248 



N. America 249 



5. occidentalis Horn. 

The Western Atragene. 

CUmatis occidentalis Dec. 



Sect. II. PMOKIACEJE Dec. S* * 249 



I. PJEO^IA L. 

THE PEONY. 

Piony 



249 



f. 28. 



Pivoine, Fr. 

Gichttcrrose, Paonie, Ger. 
Rosa del Monte, Span. 
Peonia, Ital. 

I. Moutan Sims. & China 

The Moutan Peony. 
Varieties 

1 papaveracea And. 3k 

2 variegata D. Don. S 

3 Banksn Andrews Sfc fig. 29. 

4 Humei Ker. & 

5 rosea Dec. & 

6 rosea semiplena 34 

7 rosea plena 3& 

8 Rawesn' Hort. Trans. * 

9 carnea plena Hort. Trans.^ 
10 albida plena Hort. Trans. 
1 1 Anneslez Hort. Trans. * 
12lacera Lindl. m 
Expected Varieties. 

II. XANTHORIZA L. * - 

THE YELLOW ROOT. 

Zanthorize, Fr. 
Gelbwurz, Ger. 



250 



250 



255 



1. apiifoliai'jy^.A N.Am. f. 3 1.255 

The Parsley-leaved Yellow Root. 



Winteracess E. Br. m - 256 
I. ILLI'CIUMZ,.* - - 256 

THE ILLICIUM, or Aniseed Tree. 

Badiane, Anis etoile, Fr. 
Sternum's, GIT. 

1. floridanum Ellis. * N.Am. fig. 32. 256 
The Florida Illicium. 

Rcd-flowcrcd Aniseed Tree, Mor. Hist. 
Unachtcr Sternanis, Ger. 

2. anisatum L. * China 257 

The Anise Illicium. 

Chinese Aniseed Tree. 

Badiane de la Chine, Anis etoile, Fr. 

Aechter Sternanis, Ger. 

3. parviflorum Michx. m N. Amer. 258 

The small-flowered Illicium. 
7. anisatum Bartram. 




CONTENTS. 



XIX 



MagnoT\B&&. Dec. 
I. MAGNO^L/^ L. ? 1 A 

THE MAGNOLIA. 

Magnnlic, Fr. 
Bilbcrbaum, Ger. 



25 
26( 



i. Afa<7HO/iastrum. - 26 
1. grandiflora L. I Carolina pi. 1. 26 

The large-fliiw.-rcd Mairnolia. 

Lattret-leaved Magnolia. Laurel Bay, Big 

Ld'ircl, l.nrgi- Magnolia. 
Laurie r Tulipier, Fr. 

Varieties - 261 

2 obovata Ait. f 

3 rotundifolia Swt. 9. 

4 exoniensis Hort. f pi. 2. 

5 ferrujjinea Sim*. J 

6 lanceolata Ait. f. 

7 ellfptica Ait. $ 

8 angustifolia Hort. i 

9 prae v cox Hort. i 
Other Varieties. 

2. glauca L. % N. America - pi. 3. 266 

The glaucous-feam* Magnolia. 
M. friigrans Salisb. 
Swamp Sassafras, Beaver-wood, White Bay, 

Small Magnolia, Swamp Magnolia. 
Arbre de Castor, Fr. 

Varieties - 267 

2 Thompsomawa Thomp. * 

M. glauca major Bot. Mag. 

3 longifolia Hort. % 
Other Varieties. 

3. tripetala L. N. America pi. 4. 269 

The three-petaled Magnolia. 
M. umbrella Lam. 
M.frondosa Salisb. 
The Umbrella Tree, Umbrella Magnolia 

Elkwood. 
Magnolie Parasol, Arbre Parasol, Fr. 

4. macrophylla Michx. *t Carolina 

pi. 5. 271 

The large-leaved Magnolia. 

Large-leaved Umbrella Tree, Amer. 
M. Mic/iaSxn Hort. 
Magnolier Bannanier, Fr. 

5. acuminata L. % North America 

pi. 6, 7. 273 

The pointed-/catrrf Magnolia. 

M. rttfffoa and M. pennsylvdnica of some. 
The blue Magnolia, Eng. 
The Cucumber Tree, U. S. 



Varieties 

2 Candollz Savi. 

3 maxima Lodd. 



_ 273 



6. cordata Mlchx. *t North America 

pi. 8. 275 

The licurt-leaved Magnolia. 

The heart-leaved Cucumber Tree, Amer. 

7. auriculata Lam. 5! Carolina pi. 9. 276 
The auricled-fozwd Magnolia. 

M. Frfiscri Walt. 
M. auricul&ris Salish. 
Indian Physic, Lone-leaved Cucumber 
Tree, Amer. 



8. pyramidata Bartr. i Carol, pi. 10. 277 

The pyramid&l-headed Magnolia. 

ii. Gwittimia. Rott. - 278 

9. conspfcua Salisb. *t China 

pi. 11. fig. 34, 35. 278 
The 5 'ulan, or conspicuous-flowered, Magnolia. 
M. /irecia Correa. 
M. RtarcDesf. 

Yu Ian, Chinese. 
LOy-Jlotoered Magnolia. 
Magnolier Yulans, Fr. 
Yulans Bicberbaum, Ger. 

Varieties - - 272 

2 Soulangeana 

M. Soulangeana Ann. Hort. Soc. 
Par. % 

3 Alexandrina Hort. * 

4 speciosa Hort. t 

5 citriodora Hort. *t 
Other Varieties. 



10. purpurea Sot. Mag. & 

The purple-/ott;praf Magnolia. 
M. obovata Thunb. 
M. discolor Vent. 
M. denuddta Lam. 



China 

fig. 36. 282 



11. gracilis & China - - 283 

The slender-growing Magnolia. 
M. Kbbus Kcempf. 
M. glauca Thunb. 
M. tomentbsa Thunb. in Lin. Soc. 
Sidi Kobusi, Jap. 

App. i. Half-hardy Magnolias. - 284 
VI. fuscata Andr., anon&fblia Sal., pumila Andr. 

App. ii. Additional Magnolias. - 284 

II. LIRIODENDRON L. % - 284 

THE TULTP TREE. 
Tulipier, Fr. 
Bieberbaum, Ger. 

1. Tulipf fera . i N. Am. pi. 12, 13. 284 

The Tulip-bearing Liriodendron, or Tulip Tree. 
The Poplar, White Wood, Canoe Wood, 

the Tulip Tree, Amer. 
Virginian Poplar, Tulip-bearineLily Tree, 

Saddle Tree, Eng. 
Tulipier de Virginie, Fr. 
Virginischcr Tulipeerbaum, Ger. 

Varieties - 285 

2 obtusiloba Michx. 

L. T. integrifolia Hort. 
Yellow^ Wood, Yellow Poplar. 

3 acutifolia Michx. t 

4 flava Hort. 

App. I. Expected Additions to the Order 
Maanollacess. - - 291 
Manglietia (Magn&ha) insignis ; Michel ia lanugi- 
nbsa, excelsa, Kisdpa, Doltsbpa. 



Dilleniaceae Dec. s_*~ - 292 

1. HibWrtia volubilU $ Cape of Good Hope . ti s . OS. Wt 
. H. dentata ^_ New Holland - - - fi t . 37. '.)* 

3. H. growularittfolia )U New Holland - ' . m 

a 2 



XX 



CONTENTS. 



Anonaceae Rich. 292 II. 

I. ASI'MINA Adans. 3k - 292 

THE ASIMINA. 

Annona L. 
Orchidocdrpum MX. 
Porctl\i\ Pers. 
Custard Apple. 
Asiminicr, Fr. 
Flaschenbaum, Ger. 

1. parviflora Dun. st N. America - 293 

The small-flowered Asimina. 

Porcelin parr (flora Pers. 
Orchidocarpum parviflbrum MX. 

2. triloba Dun. & N. America f. 39. 293 

The three-lobed-ca/jwe'd Asimina. 
Annbna triloba L. 
PorcellA triloba Pers. 
Orchidociirpum arictlnum MX. 
The Papaw, Amer. 
Asiminier de Virginie, Fr. 

3. pygnue v a Dun. & N. America f. 40. 294 

The pygmy Asimina. 

Ann6na pi/gmA^a, Bartr. 
Orchiiliiciii-i>ii' pygmtntm MX. 
PMttajggWoJten. 

4. grandiflora Dun. & N. America 295 

The large-flowered Asimina. 

Annbna grandiflbra Bartr. 
A. obovdta Willd. 
Orchidocdrpum grandiflbrum MX. 
Porcelia. grandiflbra Pers. 



THE COCCULUS. 

Menispermum L. 
WendlandYA Willd. 
Andr<>philax Wendl. 
Mfaisperme, Fr. 
Mondsaame, Ger. 



297 



N. A. f. 45. 298 



Schizandrdcece. 
I. SCHIZA'NDRA Michx. J_J - 295 

THE SCHIZANDRA. t, 

1. coccinea Mcfar. _$_J N. Amer. f. 41. 295 

The scaz\et-Jlorvered Schizandra. 

App. I. Anticipated Additions to Schizdn- 
drecE. - - 295 

Sphaerostemagrandiflorum, Kodwrajapdnica - 25 



Menispermacece Dec. J& i. 296 
I. MENISPE'RMUM L. t J - 296 

THE MOONSEED. 

Mtlnisperme, Fr. 
Mondsaame, Ger. 

1. canadense -L. Jfc N. Amer. f. 42. 29( 

The Canadian Moonseed. 

M. canadense var. a. Lam. 
M. angulatum Mcench. 

Variety - 296 

2 lobatum Dec. J6 
M. virginicum L. 

2. dauricum Dec. A Daiiria f. 43. 29' 

The Daurian Moonseed. 

Trdophiu AmpelMgria Fisch. 
M. canafcrue var. /8 Lam. 

3. smilacinum J9ec. i. - fig. 44. 29 

TheSmilax-likeMo,,,, 

Ciliiimpeloi &milrftinn L 



. carolinus .Dee. -i 
The Carolina Cocculus. 

Menispertnum caroVmum L. 
Wcnilliindia populifolia Willd. 
Andrtiphilax tcdndens Wendl. 
BaumgdrtitL scdndens Mcench. 

ipp. I. Anticipated Menispermacece. 298 



Berberaceae Lindl. 
. BE'RBERIS L. sfe * 

THE BEUBERIS. 

Pipcridge Bush. 
E'pine vinette, Fr. 
Berberitxe, Ger. 

1. sibfrica Pa//, flfc Siberia 

The Siberian Berberry. 
B. altaica Pall. 



298 

298 



f. 46. 301 



301 



2. vulgaris L. & England 

The common Berberry. 

Varieties - - 301 

2 lutea & 

3 alba & 

4 wiolacea * 

5 purpurea 3fe 

6 nigra & 

7 dulcis -3fe 

8 asperma ^ 

Other Varieties : B. daurica and 
altaica. 

3. canadensis Mill. * N. Am. f. 48. 303 

The Canadian Berberry. 
B. vulgaris Michx. 
B. v. canadensis Mart. Mill. 

4. emarginata Willd. & Siberia f. 49. 303 

The emarginate-/)<?taferf Berberry. 
Ausgerandete Berber itxe, Ger. 

5. iberica Stev. * Iberia - f. 50. 304 

The Iberian Berberry. 

B. vulgaris f v. iberica Dec. Syst. 
B. sinensis Wai. 

6. sinensis Desf. ik China - 304 

The Chinese Berberry. 
B. vulgaris Thunb. 

7. cretica L. & Candia 304 
The Cretan Berberry. 

B. cretica buxifolia Tourn. 

Variety - 305 

2 serratifolia Pair. 

8. rratas'gina Dec. flfc Asia Minor 305 
The Crataegus-like Berberry. 



9. dulcis Swf. 

The swei-t-r/'/'M 



S. America f. 51. 305 



CONTENTS. 



XXI 



Page 

10. hi'tcTophylla Jitss. a S. Am. f.5^. 'M.~> 

The various-leaved Berberry. 
B. \lu-ijnlia Forst. 
B. cuspidata Smith. 

11. cmpetrifolia Lam. & Chili - 306 
The Empetrum-leaved Berberry. 

1-2. floriln'imla Wall, a Nepal - 306 
The many-flowered Berberry. 
B. aJffTnis. 
B. ccratophjjlla. 

13. asiatica Rox. & Nepal - 306 

The Asiatic Berberry. 
B. tiHctbrta Lech. 
The. Raisin Berberry. 

14. dealbata Lindl. m Mexico f. 35. 307 

The whitened-/cYU'cvf Berberry. 
B. glduca Hort. 

15. aristata Dec. & Nepal fig. 54. 307 

B. Chitria Buck. 

B. angustifilia lloxb. 

B. sinn'nsis Delf. 

App. i. Additional Species of Berberis. 308 

B. Wallichidna Dec., syn. atro-viridis, B. kunawurensis, B. ac- 
tinacantha, B. fcuxifolia (f. 55.}, B. ilicifblia. 

II. MAHO V N/^ Nutt. * a. - 308 

THE MAHOXIA. 

Ashberry. 

Berberis of Authors. 

Odostemon Raf. 

1. fascicularis Dec. m N. Am. f. 56. 309 
The erawfoH-rocemed Mahonia. 
Berberis pinncita Lag. 
B. fascicularis Pen. Cyc. 

a. ^quifoliuin Nutt. m N. Am. f. 57. 309 

The Holly-leaved Mahonia. 
B. Aquifdinim Pursh. 

Variety - 309 

2 nutkana Dec. 

3. nervdsa Nutt. * N. Araer. f. 58. 310 

The nerved-lcaved Mahonia. 
Berberis ncrvdsa Pursh. 
Mahdnin glumdcea Dec. 
Berberis glumacea Pen. Cyc. 

4. repens G.Don. . N. Amer. f.59. 311 

The creeping-rooted Mahonia. 

Berberis Aqujfilium Lindl. 
B. ripens Pen. Cyc. 

App. i. Additional Species of Mahonia.. 311 

M. nepak'-nsis, rtcanthif61ia, /ragacanthdldes, and 
carogan&fblia,. 



Cruciacea. . 
I. FE'LLA L. tt - 

THE VELLA. 
1. Pseudo-Cytisus L. o. Spain f. 60. 312 

The False-Cytisus Cress-Rocket. 
V. mtcgrtfMia Sal. 



312 
312 



Strauchartige Velle, Ger. 

App. I. Other Crudacea:. - 313 

Cheiranthus Cheiri, C. C. frnticuldsus ; Vesicari; 

utriculata; /llyssum arfjontcuin, saxatile (f. 61.) 

'HH'iiM 1 ; /brris scinpcrvircns (f. fi'2.). s;i\- 

atilis, corifMia ; Lopidium subulatum, suH'ruti 

rbsum ; Sis^mbrium dfiUefbliura. 



Cappariddcea Lindl. jc - 313 
I. C'APPARIS L. -* 

THE CAPEU Brsn. 

Caprier, Tapcnier, Fr. 
Capcrnstrauch, (Jer. 
Capriolo, Cappero, Ital. 

1. spinosa L. Jc J Levant - fig. 63. 314 

The spined, or common, Caper Bush. 

2. Fontanesiz Dec. -* I Barbary - 316 

Desfontaine's Cajn-r )lush. 
C. oriita Desf. 
Caprier oval, Fr. 
C. eeg^pta Lam., nepalensis Dec., nummularia Dec., <iuini- 
flora Dec., umbelluta It- Rr., cani>>cons ISnnki, heteracan- 
tha Dec., leuoophvlla Dec., Volkainerin- Dec., dtrifolia Lam., 
i-\i\\li,ijn/iu Jiurcli., i.li'oides Uurch., coriiuxM Ilitrch., albi- 
truiica BurcA., punctata BurcA., racemosa Dec., aligna 
Vahl. 



Cistacece Lindl. - 316 

* *t | flLtt._J!t, )U_J 

I. C1STUS L. m BL ._j u - 317 

THE ROCK ROSE. 

Holly Rose, Gerard. 
Gum Ct'stus. 
Ciste, Fr. 
Cisten Rose, Ger. 

i. Erythrocistus Dec. - - 318 

1. purpiireus Lam. . Levant, f. 64. 318 

The purple-j?ow.-c?Td Cistus. 
C. creticus Hort. Kew. 

2. heterophyllus Desf. . Alg. f. 65. 318 

The various- leaved Cistus. 
The Ctstus of Algiers. 

3. parviflorus Lam. a. Crete 

The small-flowered Cistus. 

4. complicates Lam. 

The complicattd Cistus. 

5. villosus Lam. . 

Thevillous Cistus. 

C. salvffblius Hort. 

C. undulatus Mcench. 

C. mas major, S(C., Duh. 

C. crtticus Hort. 

The shrubby Cistus, Mart. Mill. 

Variety - 319 

2 rotundifolius _ 

C. rotundtfolius Swt. 

C. villdsus p virtscens Dec. 

6. creticus L. . Levant fig. 66. 319 

The Cretan Cistus. 
*Ledon Diosc. 

7. incanus L. a. S. Europe fig. 67. 320 

The hoary Cistus. 

C. dlbidus Hort. 
C. cymdsus Dec. 
Ciste cotontu'ur, Fr. 
Bestaubte. Cisten Rose, Ger. 

Variety a. 321 

2 canescens n. 

C. cane'sccns Swt. 

C. mas Clus. 

C. incdnus var. j3 Dec. 

8. undulatus Dec. . - . 321 

-leaved Cistus. 
C. n-Mcus Swt., afterwards C. unduldlus 

Swt. 
?C. crispusvar. Don. 



319 

L Spain - 319 
S. Europe - 319 



XX11 



CONTENTS. 



9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 

13. 
14. 
15. 

16. 



I'age 

321 



crispus L. n. France 

The curled-leaved Cistus. 

albidus/v. _ France - 321 

The white-leaved Cistus. 

candidissimus Dun. . Canaries 322 

The whitest-leaved Cistus. 

vaginatus Ait. . Teneriffe - 322 

The sheathcd-petioled Cistus. 
C. symphi/tifblius Lam. 
date a Feuilles de Consoude, Fr. 
Scheidenartige Cisten Rose, Ger. 

sericeus Vahl. a. Spain 322 

The silkj-fearerf Cistus. 

hybridus Vahl. n. Spain - 322 

The hybrid Cistus. 

cymosus Dun. *. Spain - 322 

The cymo&e-flowered Cistus. 
C. incanus Sib. 

ii. Ledonia. * - - _J t- 323 
salvijefolius L. n. S. Europe 323 

The Sage-leaved Cistus. 
C.fce'mina Clus. 
Ciste a Feuilles de Sauge. Fr. 
Salbey-blattrige Cisten Rose, Ger. 

Varieties . 323 

2 erectiusculus Dec. n. 

3 ochroleucus Dec. . 

obtusifolius Swt. . Spain - 323 
The obtuse-leaved Cistus. 

Cupanit&tu Presl. . Sicily - 324 

Cupani's Cistus. 

Variety _ - 324 

2 acutifolius n. 

The acute-leaved Cupani's Cistus. 
C. acuttfdlius Swt. 
C. salvicefolius ft humijusus Dec. 

corbariensis Pourr. . Spain 324 

The CorbieTes Cistus. 

C. salviatfdltus /3 Dec. 

C. popul/fdliusm'inor, in some nurseries. 

C. hybridus Pourr., not of Vahl. 

florentinus Lam. *_ Spain - 324 

The Florentine Cistus. 

monspeliensis L. * S. Europe 324 

The Montpelier Cistus. 

platysepalus Swt. m Crete - 325 

The broad-sepaled Cistus. 

jLedon Lam. *. France - 325 

The Ledon Cistus. 

C. undutiitta Link. ? 
C. ladaniferut immtvelldmium Bauh. 
Cute de Montpelier -jui dunne du ladanum, Cute de 
Ledon, Fr. 

24. hirsutus Lam. m Spain - 325 

The hairy Cistus. 

25. Sideritis Presl. <u Sicily - 325 

The Ironwort-Mte Cistus. 

26. laxus Ait. _ Spain - - 325 



17. 

18. 



19. 

20. 
21. 
22. 

23. 



SMnffe Citten Roie, Ger. 

27. oblongifolius Su>t. m 

The oblong-leaved Cistus. 



Spain 



Page 

28. asperifolius Swt. . - 326 

The rough-leaved Cistus. 

29. psilosepalus Swt. _ - 326 

The glabrous-sepaled Cistus. 

30. longifolius Lam. _ S. Europe 326 

The long-leaved Cistus. 

C. ntgricam Pourr. 

C. pofutffbtbu var, longifbliut Dumont. 

31.j30pulif61ius L. m Spain - 326 

The Poplar-leaved Cistus. 

Variety _ 326 

2 minor Dec. ** 

~Ltdon latffulium, ii., Clus. 
C. popultfblius Cav. 

32. latifoiius Swt. - _J Barbary - 327 

The broad-leaved Cistus. 

C. populijbliiu var. mltjor Dec. 

33. /aurifolius Lin. m Spain - 327 

The Laurel-leaved Cistus. 

34. cyprius Lam. m Greece - 327 

The Gum Cistus. 

C. ladanlferus Bot. Mag. 
C. stcnophyllus Link. 
C. salicffdltus of some. 

35. ladaniferus L. m Spain - 328 

The Ladanum-bearing Gum Cistus. 

Varieties * - 328 

1 albiflorus Dec. m 

2 maculatus Dec. A 

3 plenifolius Dec. tt 

36. CliisM Dunal. . Spain - 328 

Clusius's Cistus. 

C. lAbandtis (3 Lam. 
C. undulatus Link. 
L&don, vii., Clus. 

II. HELIA'NTHEMUM Tourn. -J 
tti_J ._J t, !U-J 317. 328 

THE HELIANTHEMUM, or Sun Rose. 
Cisti sp. L. 
Heliantheme Sonnen Gurtel, Ger. 

i. Halimium Dec. m. | n. . | 329 

1. Libanotis Willd. . _j Spain 329 

The Rosemary-^werf Helianthemum. 
Cistus Liban&tii L. 

H. rosntarinij">lntm Lag. 

Idon, viii., Clus. 

Ciste ct Feuilles de Rosmarin, Fr. 

2. umbellatum Mill. . _j S. Eur. 329 

The umbellate-flowered Helianthemum. 
Cistus umbellatum. L. 
Cistus l^ibandtis of some. 

Varieties n. | 330 

2 erectum Dec. n. | 

3 subdecumbens Dec. ** I 

3. ocymoides Pers. M. | Spain 330 

The Basil-like Helianthemum. 
Cistus ocymoidfs Lam. 
Cistus sampsucifdlhis Cav. 

4. alyssbides Vent. . | Spain 330 

The Aljssum-like Helianthemum. 
CAfM tfyisilidet a Lam. 

5. rugosum Dun. n. _j Portugal 330 
The wrinkled-frflmf Helianthemum. 






CONTENTS. 



XXlll 



6. microphylltim Sivt. a. France 330 

The small-leaved Ileliuntlieirmm. 

//. /ugdsitiH fS inicruplii'/llum Dec. Prod. 
//. alyssoidi's ,5 niicrup'liyllum Dec Fl. Fr. 



7. scabrosum Pcrs. J* Port. 
The rough Helicinthemum. 
( 'is/ us scabrtisus Ait. 



8. algam'nsc Dun. . \ Portugal 

The Algarvc Helianthemmn. 

Cistus ttta>'i'i'iis<s Bot. Mag. 

9. formosum Dun. * _j Portug. 

The beautiful Heliantlieinum. 
Cistus formdsus Bot. Mag. 



10. atriplicifolium JF7/W. . 

The Orarhe-leaved Helianthemum. 

Cittus atriplicifblius Lain. 

11. lasiunthum Pers. a. 



f. 68. 331 



331 



331 



The hairy-flowered Helianthemum. 
Ciilus lasijnt/iut Lam. 



j Spain 332 
Spain 



332 



12. involucratum Pers. 



a. | Spain 

The involucrated-JZowererf Helianthemum. 
Cfstus involucrdtut Lam. 



332 



13. cheiranthoides Pers. 



Port. 332 



332 



333 



The Wallflower- like Helianthemum. 
Cistus cheiranthoides Lam. 
Cist us clojigatits Vahl. 
Cistus \\alimijblius, ii., Clus. 

14-. candidum Sivt. ^ Spain 

The white-kaved Helianthemum. 

15. //alimifblium W'dld. j* \ Spain 

The Sea-Purslane-leaved Helianthemum. 

Clstus \\alitnifolius L. 
Cistus folio Hdlimi, i., Clus. 

ii. Lecheoides Dec. tt. a. i_J a. _J 333 

16. corymbosum Michx. . I Mexico 333 

The corymbose-Jlorvered Helianthemum. 

17. glomeratum Lag. . J Mex. f. 69. 333 

The glomerate-Jlowered Helianthemum. 
Cistus glomerutus Lag. Gen. 

18. brasiliense Pers. - J Brazil f. 70. 334 

The Brazilian Helianthemum. 
Cistus brasiliensis Lam. 
Cistus atternifblius Vahl. 

Other Species belonging to this Division of 

Lecheoides. - - 334 

H. /rolygalaefiilium Stct. tt. i |, astylum Mac. ct 

Sesse, tripetalum Mac. ct Sesse, obcbrdatum Mac. 

et Sesse. 

iii. Tuberaria Dec. HL 334 

19. lignosum Swt. . S.Europe f.71. 334 

The woody Helianthemum. 

iv. Eriocarpum Dec. tt tt | 335 

20. Lippu Pers. . J P^gypt 335 

Lil.pi's Helianthemum. 
Cdtut Lfpi>ii L. 

21. sessiliflorum Pers. n. _J N. Africa 335 

The sessile-flowered Helianthemum. 
Cittut tatilijlurut Desf. 

22. kabiricum Del. . | Egypt 335 

The Cairo Helinnthi-mum. 

CMut tlipulMui Forsk. 



v. Fumana Dec. a. I * | 335 

23. Fumana Mill. a. France f. 72. 336 

The Fumana Helianthemum. 
Cistus Fumana L. 

Cistus In 'in His, seu Chamtedstus Ericte 
folio Itttcus erectior, Bauh. 

Varieties a. 336 

2 major Dec. n. 

2 minor Dec. tt. 

3 virguta Dec. a. 

24. procumbensDzm. L -J S. Europe 336 

The procumbent Heath-like Helianthemum. 

Ctttui hhmilis, sire {.'hanitedstus \-'.r\cce 
fdlio humilior, Magn. Bot. 

25. arabicum Pcrs. * I Arabia 336 

The Arabian Helianthemum. 
Cistus arnbicus K. 
Cistus fcrrwihicus Lam. 
Cistus fiiivi SertoL 
H. visddulum Stev. 



26. lae'vipes Willd. 



Spain - 336 



The smpoth-peduncled Helianthemum. 
Cistus Ite'vipes L. 

27. IceVe Pers. a. _J Spain 

The smooth Helianthemum. 
CMut lue\-it Cav. 

28. viride Tenore a. I Sicily 

The green-leaved Helianthemum. 



337 



29. ,/uniperinum Lag. a. 

The Juniper-like Helianthemum 
Ctitua Ice'ripet Durand. 
Ci'stiu mauritdnicus Thib. 

30. Barrelieri Tenore. - _ 

The Barrelier's Helianthemum. 

31. diymifoliuni Pers. t. 



337 
S. Europe 337 



Italy . 



Spain 

The Thyme-leaved Helianthemum. 
Cistus IhymifMius L. 
H. glutindsum(3 Dec. 



337 
337 



32. glutinosum Pers. . _j Spain 337 

The clammy Helianthemum. 
Cistus glutinbsus L. 

vi. Pseiido-Cistus Dec. a. _ I !>. <t^ | _ | 333 

33. molle Pers.'tt. S __ I Spain - 333 

The sod-leaved Helianthemum. 
Cttttu millit Cav. 

34. origanifolium Pers. <u _ I Spain 838 

The Marjoram-leaved Helianthemum. 
Cistus origantfbliiu Lam. 

35. dichotomum Dunal. *~. _j Spain 338 
The dichotomous-/;/-anc//rof Helianthemum. 

Cistus dichotomus Cav. 

36. celandicum Dec. !U Europe - 338 

The (Eland Helianthemum. 
Cistus cclundicus L. 
Chamcedstus,i\., Clus. 

37. pulchellum Swt. JU Germany 339 

The neat Helianthemum. 
//. alpcstre Spreng. 

38. alpestre Dunal. ^ S. Europe 339 

The Alpine Helianthemum. 
Cistus alptlstris Crantz. 
Cistus cclundicus Jacq. 

Varieties JU . 339 

glabratum Dec. $^ 
elongatum Dec. $^ 
canescens Dec. <t^ 



XXIV 



CONTENTS. 



39. penicillatum Thib. 



Paso 

France - 339 



40. obovatum Dunal. u _] Spain - 339 

The obovati'-/"'!'"' Helianthemum. 
Cistu* itiilicus L. 

41. italicum Pers. JU _j Italy - 339 

The Italian Helianthemum. 

cafcufeOfeiuL. 

{istus mitrlfi'lius Bieb. 

Varieties <u ' - 339 

strigosum Dec. *~. | 
candidissimum Dec. *~ | 
albidum Dec. S 1 

42. vineale Pers. *~ Germany - 340 

The Vineyard Helianthemum. 
Cistus vinefilis Willd. 

43. canum Dunal. *~ _J S. Europe 340 

The hoary Helianthemum 
Cistus canus L. 
Chamacistus, Hi.. Clus. 

44. warifolium Dec. *~ France - 340 

The Marum-leaved Helianthemum. 
Cistus marifblius L. 

45. crassifolium Pers. n. _J Spain - 340 

The thick-leaved Helianthemum. 
Cistus glaiicus Desf. 

m.*t*ii*g. 

46. paniculatum Dunal. _ _J Spain 340 

The panicledi/ftwercrf Helianthemum. 
Cistus murifbl ins Thib. 
Cistus nummu/firius rer. Lag. 
H. sp. nbva Schouw. 

vii. Euhelidnthemum Dec. j <U *L _J 340 

47. lavandulaefolium Dec. . France 341 

The Lavender -leaved He'ianthemum. 
Ctstus lavandultefblius Lat. 

Varieties . 341 

syrlacum Dec. U- 

Ctstus syriacus Jacq. 

Thibaudj Pers. n. 

Cistus racembsus Cav. 

48. stoechadifolium Pers. _ Spain 341 

The French-Lavender-leaved Helianthemum. 
Cistus stcechadifblius Brot. 

49. croceum Pers. ~ I Spain - 341 
The Saffron-coloured-j^owererf Helianthemum. 

Cistus croceus Desf. 

Varieties - 341 

50. Anderson*' Swt. - Hybrid - 342 

Anderson's Helianthemum. 

51. nudicaule Z>waZ. *> _J Spain - 342 

The naked-stemmed Helianthemum. 



52. glaucum Pres. - J Spain - 342 

The glaucous Helianthemum. 
Cistus gla6.cus Cav. 

Varieties . 342 

acutiusculum Dec. &_ 
obtusiusculum Dec. a. 

53. tomentosum Dunal. )U France 342 
The tomentose Helianthemum. 

54. barbatum Pers. tt S. Europe 343 

The bearded-rrtcewzed Helianthemum. 
Cistus barbd.tus Lam. 

55. leptophyllum Dunal. * 1 Spain 343 

The slender-leaved Helianthemum. 
Cistus angustifdlius I,ag. 

Hort. 



6. acuminatum Pers. . France - 343 

The acuminatt-d Heiianthemum. 
Ciftus serpytttfblita lialb. 
Cittuf ocmmtnltiiu Niv. 

57. .verpyllifolium Mz7/. ~ S. Europe 343 

JThe Wild-Thyme-leaved Helianthemum. 
Cistus serpylltfdlius L. 

58. vulgare Gtert. l, Britain - 343 
The common Helianthemum. 

Cistus Helianthemum L. 

Varieties - 344 

Double-flowered. 
Lee's new double yellow. 
Tomentose pubescent branches, 

Dec. 
Branches glabrous at the base, 

Dec. 

59. surrejanum Mill. JU. England 344 
The Surrey Helianthemum. 

Cistus surrejanus L. 



60. ovatum Dunal. 



Geneva 



344 



61. grandiflorum Dec. iU Pyrenees 344 

The large-flowered Helianthemum. 
Cistus grandijldrus Scop. 

62. obscurum Pers.ju S. Europe - 344 

The obscure Helianthemum. 
H. obscurum a Dec. 

63. tauricuni Finch. *-. Tauria - 345 

The Taurian Helianthemum. 

64. lucidum Horn. *~ - 345 

The shining-tatveJ Helianthemum. 

65. nummularium Mill. *~ France 345 

The Moneywort-leaved Helianthemum. 
Cistus nummularius at, L. 
H. obsciirum j3 nummul&rium Dec. 
H. angustifilium Hort. 

66. angustifolium Pers. t~ Cyprus 345 

The narrow -leaved Helianthemum. 

Cistus ttiigustif'niis Jacq. 
? H. nummularium Dec. 

67. hirtum Pers. t, _J Spain 345 

The hairy Helianthemum. 
Cistus hirtus L. 



Varieties )U 
bse'ticum Dec. 1L. 
aureum Dec. *~ 
teretifftlium Dec. )U 



- 346 



346 



- 346 



68. Lagasc<E Dunal. S 1 Spain 

LaGasca's Helianthemum. 

69. wiolaceum Pers. 9~. I Spain 

The Violet-coloured-c/.yrcd Helianthemum. 
Cistus \iolaccus Cuv. 

70. racemosum Dunal. . J Spain - 346 

The racr.mosc-Jloi/'ercd Helianthemum. 
Cistus racembsus L. 

71. farinosum Scot. tL I Spain 

The mealy -Icavnl Helianthemum. 

H. racemiisum pfarinbsum Dec. 

72. strictum Pers. . _j Spain - 346 

The straiKht-/if(/Hr/v/ Ht'lianthemum. 



CONTENTS. 



XXV 



pilosnm Pi it. *-. France 

The pilose lleliantliennnn. 

C/X///.V f)i/<',KHS L. 

ChtinKecistus, iv., Clus. 



346 

With linear leaves, hoary, Dec. 9~. 
With linear leaves, oblong and shining 
Dec. t> 

74. lincure Peru. t> _j Spain - 347 

The linoar-Awcrf Helianthemum 
Cistus lineuris t'a\. 
Cistus pildsjis Dec 

347 

- 347 



Cistus ptldstis Dec. 

75. virgiitum Pers. - Barbary 

The twiggy Helianthemum. 



Varieties . 
albiflorum Dec. tt. 
rdseum Dec. . 



76. apenninum Dec. t~ S. Europe 347 

The Apennine llelianthcmum. 
Cistus apennlnus L. 
Cistus hispidzts /S Lam. 

Varieties *~ - 347 

Leaves broad and flattish.itee. JU 
Leaves linear and narrow, Dec. JU 

77. hispidum Dunal. a. France - 347 

The hispid-A-/wi^o/ Helianthemum. 
Ciftta hispidus Lam. 
Cittia nilotut ft (iowan. 
H. majoranae/Wrum /9 Dec. 

78. pnlverulentum Dec. *~ France 348 

The powdered-feawd Helianthemum. 
Cistus pulverulentus Pour. 
Cistus poltfblius Lam. 

79. macranthum Swt. t^ 348 

The large-flowered Helianthemum. 

Variety !>. - 348 

2 multiplex Swt. l. 

80. rhodanthum !)/. X 1 Spain 348 

The red-flowered Helianthemum. 
Cistus rdseus Jacq . 

Cistus angustiftlius, formerly in the Royal 
Botanic Garden, Paris. 



Cistus pilultferus Thib. 

Varieties *~ 
oblongifolium Dec. 
subhirsiltum Dec. ! 
carneum Dec. )U 



- 348 



81. canescens Sivt. * -- 1 Spain - 349 

The canescent-A-rtwd Helianthemum. 

82. confusum Sivt. *~ France 349 

The confu.-fd llelianthcmum. 
H. poliifoliuni Dee. 



S.'j. lanccoliituin Su<(.*~ Hybrid 349 
The lanceolate-/<><m'd Helianthemum. 

84. /joliifolium Pers. *-. England 349 
The Folium-leaved Helianthemum. 

Cistus voltfblius L. 

85. mutabile Pers. s -- 1 Spain - 350 

The changeable-co/ot/m/-./?of/'era? Helianthe- 
mum. 

Cistus mntnbilis Jacq. 

r,irirties ~ - - 35(3 

With white flowers. JU 
With smaller flowers of a rose red. )U 
With double rose-coloured flowers. !U 



86. variepifum S<v/. )U Hybrid 

The variegated Helianthemum. 

87. versfcolor Su<t. n. S. Europe 

The various-coloured Helianthemum. 



350 
350 



88. sulphiireum Wittd. L J Spain 351 

The sulphur-cotour-flowercd Helianthemum. 

89. stramineum Swt. )U Hybrid 351 

The straw-co/ottr-Jfou'frai Helianthemum. 

Variety !L. - 35 1 

2 multiplex Swt. !L. 

90. diversifolium Swt.*- - 351 

The various-leaved Helianthemum. 

Variety *_ 35 1 

2 multiplex . 

91. eriosepalon Swt. *-. S. Europe 351 

The woolly-sepaled Helianthemum. 

92. roseum Dec. !U S. Europe 352 

The Rose-colour-flowered Helianthemum. 
Cistus roseus All. 

Variety t, - 352 

2 multiplex Swt. *-. 

93. fre'tidum Pers. t. Hybrid - 352 

The fetid Helianthemum. 
Cttttu faStidiu Jacq. 

94. /jyssopifolium Tenore. * 1 Italy 352 

The Hyssop-leaved Helianthemum. 

Varieties ju - 352 

1 crocatum Swt. !U 

2 ciipreum Swt. 9~. 

3 multiplex Swt. !U fig. 75. 

95. cupreum Swt. iU Hybrid - 353 

The copper-colour-flowercd Helfanthemum. 



96. venustum Swt. 9~ 

The handsome Helianthemum. 



97. Miller/ Swt. t. Hybrid 

Miller's Helianthemum. 



- 353 

- 353 
S. Europe 353 



98. majoranaifoVmm Dec. 

The Marjoram-leaved Helianthemu 
H. m. rnr. a Dec. 
CMiu marjorantr/Miiu Gouan 



99. hirsutum Dec. !U Pyrenees - 353 

The hairy Helianthemum. 

CMH Ai>iifi Lai*jr., not of Lam. 



III. HUDSO V N/J L. . _J 317. 354 

THE HUDSONU. 

1. rricoides L. - _J N. Am. fig. 76. 354 
The Heath-like Hudsonia. 



2. f ? e.l Nuttaili Swt. 

Nuttall's Hudsonia. 

H. ericHtlc* Nutt. 



N. America 354 



3. [? e.] tomentosa Nutt. . J N. America 

354 

The tomentovf/ujrce/ Helianthemum- 

b 



XXVI 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

Potygalacece. * i_J - - 355 

1. Polygala Chamsebuxus L. *- Europe 
fig. 77. 356 

The Dwarf Box Polygala, or Box-leaved Milknort. 

Half-hardy Polygalas. i_J - 356 

P. oppositifblia L. m \ | 

major | (P.)^rantlifldra of some fig. 78. 
P. latifolia Ker. * L _J 

P. tnyrtifolia. * ( | 

P grandiftora Lodd. g| | 

P. bracteolata /,. H , ) 

P. speciosa Hot. Maf*. * ,_J 
P. attenuata Lodd. jfe I I 



Pittospordcece. * i_i i. L_J 3 56 
I. BILLARDIE'R^ Sm. *. i_l - 356 

THK BIJ.I.ARDIKRA, or Apple Berry. 

1. longiflora Labill. $_ i_| V. D. L. 79. 357 

The long-flowered Billarcliera. 

2. ovalis Lindl $. i-J V. Diemen's L. 357 

The oval-leaved Billardiera. 

3. mut&bilis H. K. *_ i_l N. S. W. f. 80. 357 

The chanzeable-coloured-Jlontered Billardiera. 

II. SO'LLY^ Lindl. *. i_J - 357 

THB SOLLYA. 

Billardiera, in one xpeciei. 

1. heterophylla Lindl. *. L_J N. H. f. 81. 357 

The various -leaved Solly a. 

2. angustifolia Lindl. t_ l_J V. D. L. 358 

The narrow -leaved Sollya. 

Kiltardier&fusifjrmii Lab. 

III. PITTO'SPORUM Banks, i. uJ 538 

THB PITTOSPORUM. 

1. Toblra Ait. * i_J China fig. 82. 358 

The Tobira Pittosporura. 

Eiufnymus Toblra Thunlt. 
P. CMMtofc Donn. 
TMra Japane, Fr. 
Chiwtucher Klebsaame, Ger. 

2. undulatum m L_J China fig. 83. 358 

The undulated-/jui;Pittosporum. 

App. i. Other Species of Pittosporum. * 1-J359 

revoldtum Ait. J| | ( 

tomentosum Bonp. 41 | | 

fulvum Rudgc. H | | 

. hirtum Willd. it | | 

eriocarpum. a , | 

App. I. PiitosporacecK probably half-hardy. 
i_J - - - 359 

Senacia nepalensis /><?c. H | ), Bursaria spinosa Cflv. il | |, 

Chelranthera linearis LinJ/. 



Caryophylldcece. *~ 359 

1. Dianthus Caryophyllus var. fruticosus 
Hort. 9^ - - 359 

The shrubby Clove Pink. 

Other suffruticose evergreen Caryophyllacea. 
*~ - - 359 

Dianthus arbftscula Hot. Reg. Jt^, arboreus L. f^ fig. 84., 

fruticdsus / JU, suffruticosus W. )U. 
Silene fruticosa L. )U 
Arenaria verticillata W- fc. 
Crjpis spinosa I-. U 



iinum arb6reum L. 
i. tauricum W. n 
L. salsolSides Lam. \ 
L. suflfruticosum. tt 



inacecK. . 

! | fi K . Sb. 



Page 
560 



Malvdcece. <&?**_] 3^2 
I. LAVA'TER^ L. ? m m _j - 360 

THE LAVATKKA, or Tree Mallow. 
Lnvatere, Fr. and Ger. 

1. maritima Gouan * __J France f. 87. 360 

The sea-side-inhaliiting Lavatera. 
L. hispdnica Mill. 
L. rotundtfi-lia Lam. 

2. triloba L. _J * Spain - 361 

The three-lobed-feawed Lavatera. 

3. subovata Dec. m Morocco - 361 

The subovate-/eai'erf Lavatera. 

4. africiina Cav. * _J N. Africa 361 

The African Lavatera. 

L. hispida var. Willd. 

Other Species of Lavatera,, likely to prove 
half-hardy. * _J - 361 

L. Pseudo-O'lbiaPo/r. m. | 

L. phoenicea Vent, jfe | 

L. O'lbia L. * | 

L. unguicul-Ua Dcsf. Jfe | 
t. hispida De^/-. m | 



II. //IBI'SCUS L. gfe - 360, 361 
THE HIBISCUS. 

Kctmit\ Fr, 
Eibisch, Ger. 

1. syriacus L. Syria - fig. 88. 362 

The Syrian Hibiscus. 
Althcea Frutex. 
Ketmic des Jardins, Fr. 
Syrischer Eibisch, Ger. 

Varieties & 362 

2 foliis variegatis & 

3 flore variegato ^ 

4 flore purpureo sfe 

5 flore purpureo-pleno * 

6 flore rubro afe 

7 flore albo afe 

8 flore albo-pleno & 

App. I. Other ligneous Plants of the Order 
Mafoace, which will probably be found 
hardy or half-hardy, n. CD - 363 

Sida pulchella Bonpl. , [~~l fig- 89. 
Abiitilon pulcMltum Hot. Mag. 



SterculidcecB. 



Sterculia platanifolia L. 

S. lanceol;\ta fV/r. 

S. diversif61ia 6. Don. J | | 

S. tomentosa'7'Ai/n//. 
K. peltata G. Don. 



- 633 

fig. 90. 



- 

I. 7TLIA 



CONTENTS. 



XXv 



- 364 
364 



Tilidcece Lindi. 



TTLIAi. * 

THE LIME TREE. 

Lime Tree, Gerard. 

I.iml, Anglo-Sax. 

Tilleul, Fr. 

Linde, Ger. and Dutch. 

Ttglio, Hal. 

Tilo, Spain. 

Ltpa, Russ. 



1. europse'a L. f Europe pi. 14, 15. 364 

The European, or common, Lime Tree. 
T. intermedia Dec. 
T. vulgar is Haync. 
T. europ&a boredlis Wahl. 

Varieties. 

2 microphylla - - 364 

The small-leaved European Lime 

Tree. 

T. microphylla Vent. 
T. e. var ? L. 
T. \\lmtf6lia Scop. 
T. sylve'stris Desf. 
T. parvtfdlta Ehrh. 
T. cordata Mill. 
Tilleul d petites Feuillcs, Fr. 
Kleinbldttrige Linde, Winterlinde, 

Ger. 

? Subvariety. - - 365 

7\ parvifdlia glauca Hort. * 

3 platyphylla - pi. 16. 365 
The broad-leaved European Lime 

Tree. 

T. platyphylla Scop. 
T. cordifolia Bess. 
T. europa^a Desf. 
T. grandtfulia Ehrh. 
Broad-leaved downy Lime Tree. 
Tilleul a grandes Feuilles, Tilleul 

de HoUande, Fr. 

4 rubra . 355 
The red-/;zgged European Lime 

Tree. 

T. trifibra Puer. 
T. corinthlaca Bosc. 
T. cordllina Hort. Kew. 
T. europte^a /3 rubra Sibthorp. 
T. europafa y Smith Fl. Brit. 
T. grandifldra {3 Smith Eng. Flor. 



laciniata 
The 

Tree 
T. platyphylla laciniata Hort. 



pi. 17. 366 
European Lime 



6 aurea - pi. 18. 366 

The golden-twigged European Lime 
Tree. 

7 platyphylla aurea - 366 
The golden-twigged broad-leaved Eu- 
ropean Lime Tree. 

8 dasystyla 5? 366 
The hairy-styled European Lime 

Tree. 
T. dasystyla Steven. 

Other Varieties - 366 

With variegated Leaves. 
T. a spleniifolia nova Boll. Cat., a sub- 

var. of e. laciniata. 
e. aurea, a new var. of, Baum. 
e. rubicaulis Bot. Card. Ant. 



2. (eur.) dlba Waldst. et Kit. 



E Hungary 
pi. 19. 372 

The white-fearaf European Lime Tree. 
T. americana Du Roi. 
T. argentea Desf. 
T. rotundi folia Vent. 
T. tomcntosa Mcench- 

? Variety > - - 373 

petiolaris Dec. *f 
The tong.\>etiol&-leaved Lime Tree. 

3. americana L. % North America 

pi. 20. 372 
The American Lime Tree. 
T. gltbra Vent. 
T. carolini&na Wangenh. 
T. canadtnsis Michx. 
The smooth-lt-aved, or black, Lime Tree, 
and Brass Wood, Amer. 

Varieties. 

2 laxiflora 3f 374 
The loose-cyw^d-flowered American 

Lime Tree. 
T. laxiflora Michx. 

3 pubescens $ - pi. 22. 374 

The pubescent-tailed American 

Lime Tree. 

T. pubescens Hort. Kew. 
T. caroliniana Mill. 
T. americana Walt. 

4 pubescens leptophylla % - 375 
The thin-leaved pubescent American Lime 

T. pubto'cen* leptophijUa Vent. 
T. mitsitripptntit Desf. 

5 heterophylla - 375 
The various-leaved American Lime- 

Tree. 

T. heterophylla Vent. 
T. alba Michx. 
The White Lime. 

App. i. Doubtful Varieties of Tilia europafa 

and americana. - - 176 

T. platyphylla vera, T. p. minor, T. prae v cox, T. viti- 

f61ia, T. laxiflura microphylla, and T. pubescens 

rugosa. 

App. I. Other Species belonging to the Order 
Tilidcece. mtU *i_J - 376 

Grewt'a L. * d) * I I 

opposititolia <u-A. H |~~) 
didyma. * 
blloba G. Don. m. 

occidentalis L. | | 

populifdlia Vahl. 41 
jnimil.i Hum. H 
velutma VaJ,l. 
echinulata Delile. 



Ternstromiacese. * 1 i_ 

Sect. I. Hardy and half-hardy ligneous 
belonging to the Tribe Gordonivx. 



376 



376 

I. MALACHODE'NDRONCat>.? 377 

THE MALACIIODENDRON. 

Stttdrti* L' Her it. 
Stctrnrt\& L. 

1. ovatum Cav. ^ N. Am. fig. 91. 377 

The ovate-fcawrd Malachodendron. 
Studrtiz pcntagynia L'Hcrit. 
SteiciirfvA Maliicftodtndron. 
Steu'artia a cinq Styles, Fr, 

b -> ' 



xxvni 



CONTENTS. 






Page 

II. STUA'RTTVl Cav. * - 377, 378 

THE STTARTIA. 

1. virgfnicaC'tfy. N.America f. 92. 378 

The Virginian Stuartia. 

Stewnrt\A Malachodendron L. 
Siudrtia marilandica Bot. Hep. 
Stewartia A un Style, Fr. 
Eingriffliche (one-styled) Stuartie, Ger. 

III. GORDOWJ Ellis. * 1 377, 378 
THE GORDONIA. 

1. Lasianthus L. * N. Am. fig. 93. 379 

The woolly-flowered Gprdonia, or Loblolly Hay. 
Hypfricum Lasianthus L. 
Gordonia a Feuillcs g lab res, Alcee de la 

Floride, Fr. 
Langstielt'ge Gordonie, Ger. 

2. pubcscens Ph. Georgia f. 94. 380 

The pubescent Gordonia. 
Ijacathea florida Sal. 
Franklinin americana Marsh. 
The Franklinia, Amer. 
Bchaarte Gordonie, Ger. 

Varieties - - 380 

velutlna Dec. 

G.vubtscznslSlter. 
subglabra Dec. 

G. Frunklini L'Her. 

Franklinia. Alhatamaha Marsh. 

Sect. II. Hardy and half-hardy ligneous 
Plants belonging to the Tribe Camettleae. 
*l_l - - - 381 



1. CAME'LL/J L. *t-J 



381 



THE CAMELLIA. 

The Japan Rose. 

Camellier, Hose du Japon, ct de la 

Chine, Fr. 
Ca.mcU.ie, Ger. 

1. japonica L. <) Japan fig. 95. 382 

The Japanese Camellia, or Red single-flowered 
Camellia: 



Varieties. 

Chinese in general Cultivation. 
*Lj 

2 variegata Bot. Rep. * t_l 

3 incarnata Bot. Reg. * I I 

4 lba plena Bot. Rep. * uJ 

5 fimbriata Lodd. t_J 

6 rubra plena Bot. Rep. * I _ I 

7 anemoneflora * I I fig. 96. 

8 crassinervis Lodd. * i I 

9 myrtifolia Bot. Mag. uJ 
10 involuta Bot. Reg. l-J 

1 1 variabilis 41 i _ | 

12 Pomponia Bot. Reg. *i _ I 

Subvariettes * i 1 

pxoni&flbra rftsea tt i _ | 
alba * L_J 
pallida * i _ | 

13 semidClplex Bot. Rep. m i I 

14 atro-rubens Bot. Cab. i_J 

15 WelbankaChandl. 111. 

Ibti-o-dlbicans Bot. Keg. 



383 



16 rosca Z>o' Af7/. 



38t> 



Page 

1 7 speciosa Hort. Trans. * t-J 

C. Rau'esiiui'A Hort. 

18 carnea Bot. Reg. 41 1 I 

1 9 imbricata Hort. Trans. ** I I 

20 Parksit Hort. Trans. * i-J 

21 SabinzViraa Hort. Trans. 41 1 ) 

Chinese and other Foreign Varieties 
not in general Cultivation, but in 
all probability as hardy as the 
others. 41 1 I - - 38G 

22 candidissima 41 1 | 

23 Donklaen 41 i_J 

24 francofurtensis 41 1 | 

25 hfbrida Makoy. 41 i_J 

Other Names of Foreign Varieties. 
m. i_J - - 386 

argentea, Gunnflh", Pronaydna, wolacea su- 
per ba. 

The semidouble white, the rose-coloured 
waratah, hexaugularis. 

Varieties originated in Britain. 

26 corallina Chandl. 41 | | 

27 eximia Chandl. 41 1 1 

28 Wiltoni Chandl. 41 i_J 

29 Chandler* Chandl. 41 L_] 

versfcolor Bot. Res- 

30 flore-albo Chandl. 41 1 | 

31 althaeaefldra Chandl. 41 i | 

32 anemoneflora alba Chandl. 41 | ) 

33 Woodsn Chandl. * i_J 

34 punctata Chandl. 41 1 | 

35 elegans Chandl. 41 i | 

36 florida Chandl. 41 1 1 

37 rbsea Chandl. 41 i_J 

38 eclipsis Chandl. 41 1 | 

39 inslgnis Chandl. 41 1 ( 

40 alba semiduplex Chandl. 41 1 | 

41 concinna Chandl. 41 1 | 

42 splendens Chandl. 41 1 | 

coccfnea Hort. Brit. 

43 jR6sa sin^nsis Lodd. 41 /_] 

44 RosszV Chandl. 41 i_J 

45 Altoni Chandl. 41 L_| 

46 epsomensis Chandl. 41 \ | 

47 Colvilh' Swt. 41 1 ) 

48 Sweetz^na Swt. 41 1 I 

49 KnlghtiVLodd. 4li_J 

50 7Z6sa mundi Dun's Mill. 41 1 | 

51 PressiY Don's Mill. 41 |_J 

52 rdbro-punctata \ | 

53 KlphinstomVJna 41 1 | 

54 single-striped and dotted 41 1 | 

55 awc?/*^folia Hort. Brit. 41 1 | 

56 expansa Hort. Brit. 41 1 | 

57 Susanna Card. Mag. 41 1 i 

5S Martha Card. Mag. 41 il 
59 Wadieo-wa Card. Mag. 41 |_J 

Varieties mentioned in Card. Mag. 
without any Description being 
given. - 389 

Clivettna, consplcua, decora, |>rfnceps, ro- 
tnndifolia, PftlmiTi, KeeviVii, lon K if61ia, 
Dorsetii, pendula, ^Vlliuittu alba, superba. 

reticulata LincU. * LJ China - 389 
The reticulate-towed Camellia, or Capt. Rawes's 
Camellia. 

/waliflora Lindl. i I China f. 97. 390 

The Apple-Wossow-flowered Camellia. 
C Sasnnqua Bot. Mag. 
C. Sasiint/ua rosea Hort. 
Palmer's double Sasanqua. 

Sft,mnquaThunb.*i-l China f. 98. 390 
Sasanqua, or Lady Banks' s, Camellia. 

Satdaqua Ka;mpf. 

Cha-wha, 



i Wall. 411-J Nepal fig. 99. 390 
The Kissi Camollia. 

C. Kcnut Haiml. Ms.-. 



CONTENTS, 



XXIX 



>. olcffcra Abel. * 

The oil-bearing Camellia. 
7. euryoides Limit. ' 



Tage 

Cochin-china 

fie. 100. 391 



China 
fig. 101. 391 



The Eurya-like Camellia. 

Thda euryoides Booth. 

II. THE A L. * i_J - - 381.392 
THE TEA TUEB. 

1. vfridis L. t-J China - fig. 102. 393 

The common, or green. Ten. 
T. Hohea stncttt Ait. 
T. sincnsis Sims. 
'V. chim-nsis vnr. at viridis Dec. 
Camellia, rindis Link. 
Thca cantontnsis Lam. 

2. J&oAki L. uJ China fig. 103. 393 

The Bohea, or Ware*, Tea. 

T. chinJnsts Bohda Sims. 



3. cochinchinensis Z,owr. 
China 

The Cochin-China Tea. 



Cochin- 
- 395 

395 



4. oleosa Lour. iii_J China 

The oily Tea. 

. iiiticipated Ternstromiacex. ? * I I - 395 

ECirya acuminata Royle. ? H t | 



AurantidcecB. 

I. CTTRUS i_l 

II. LIM<?NIA * i_J 

t. Laurfeola Dec. 
/,. citrifolia Wi/W. 
I.. parvit!6ra Hot. Mag. 
L. australis. 



-I - 395 

fig. 104. 395 

396 



Hypericdcece LindL 

a* j* . * t_j j* ^ j*_j a. u J 

I. tfYPE'RICUM L. & * . 

J*Lj J* _J - l_J _ _J 

THE ST. JOHN'S WORT. 

Fuga Dtcimmum. 
Mille Pcrtuis, Fr. 
Johanniskraut, Ger. 

i. Ascyrela Chois. 



datum Ait. a N. America 

The tall St. John's Wort. 



362 
-_! 

, * L_J 

- 397 

- 398 
398 



hircinum L. & Mediterranean 

fig. 105 398 

The Gont-sevnted St. John's Wort. 
Tr&gium Clus. 

Anilr<>si(^ni>it fir'fiilut/i Hauh. 
Millc Pcrtuis <i Odcur dc Bouc, Fr. 

Varieties Ht - 398 

2 obtusifolium Dec. ft 
:J minus Wats. Hi 



3. grandiflorum Chois. m i_J Teneriffc 298 

The l.-irtfe-llowfml St. .lohn'* Wort. 
H. .'.i/innVHJW Willd., not of L. 

4. foliosum Ait. i_J Azores - 398 

The leafy St. John's Wort. 

SWafcu -V. John'i Wort. 



5. floribundum ^4i<. i I Canaries 

The abundant-floweri'd St. John's Wort. 
H. friiti'tci-iu ('omin. 
Mu,i;i-Jla>vered St. Juhn't Wort. 



398 



6. olympicum L. 



Mount Olympus 
fig. 106. 399 



The Olympian St. John's Wort. 

' H. m,',nti* O/.t/m,),' Whet-l. 
II. <>riV/i/f</<X//,nT mil jus Tourn. 

7. canaridnse L. m (_J Canaries - 399 

The Canary Island St. John's Wort. 

Varieties m\ | - - 399 

triphyllum Dec. m \ | 

salicifolium Dec. * i I 

8. chine"nse L. n_l China - 399 

The Chinese St. John's W r ort. 
H. monijgynum Mill. 
H. aurcum Lour. 

9. cordifolium Chois. m i_J Nepal 399 

The heart-leaved St. John's Wort. 
H. bracteatum. 
H. LungusumHam. MSS. 

10. patulum Thun. m J Japan - 399 

The spreading St. John's Wort. 

11. Kalmidnum Lam. N. America 400 
Kalm's St. John's Wort. 

H. Eartrdmium Mill. 
Virginia St. John's Wort. 

12. Uralum Ham. A Nepal fig. 107. 400 

The Urala St. John's Wort. 

13. calycinum L. & Britain - 400 
The targe-calyxed St. John's Wort. 

kndrosa^mum constantinopolitanum fibre 

maxima Wheeler. 
The large-flowered St. John's Wort, The 

large-flowering Tutsan, The terrestrial 

Sun, Aaron's Beard. 
Mille Pcrtuis a grandes Fleurs, Fr. 
Grossblumiger Johannis Kraut, Ger. 

14. balearicum L. t i | Majorca - 400 

The Majorca St. John's Won. 



- 401 



ii. Perforaria Chois. 



15. prolificum L. & N. America 401 

The prolific St. John's Wort. 
tl.folidsutn Jacq. 
H. A'fl/wiidnum l)uRoi. 

16. heterophyllum Vent. - i_J Persia 401 

The various-/e<iiv</ St. John's ^^'ort. 



17. jegyptiacum L. a. i I 

The'fifoptian St. John's Wort. 



Egypt 



18. <7alioides Lam. u. N. America 

The (lalium-like-feimri St. John's Wort. 

19. axillare Lam. . N. America 

The axillary-^owr;rd St. John's Wort. 
H.fasciculatnm Willd. 
H. Cdris Walt. 



401 



401 



401 



20. glandulosum Ait. n. \ I 

The glandular St. John's Wort. 



Madeira -102 



21. serpyllifolium Lam. j* Levant 

The Wild-Thyme-leaved St. John's Wort. 



402 



XXX 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

22. empetrifolium Willd. a. IS. Europe 

fig. 108. 402 

The Empetrum-leaved St. John's U'ort. 

23. Cdris L. . I Levant. 402 

The Corti-lcaved St. John's Wort. 



24. ericoides L. t. I Spain 

The Heath-like St. John's Wort. 



402 

* I 402 

Carolina 402 



iii. ErdthycB Chois. 
25. fasciculatum Lam. j 

The fascicled-leaved St. John's Wort. 
H. aspalathoides Pursh. 

App. i. Other Species of Hyper icum. 403 

H. rdpens, H. linearifolium, H. oblongifblium, and 
H. japonicum Dec. 

II. ^NDROS^E'MUM Chois. . 397. 403 

THE ANDROS^EMUM, or Tutsan. 
Hype'ricum L. 
Androseme, Fr. 
Johanniskraut, Ger. 

1. officinalis Allioni. Levant - f. 109. 403 

The officinal Androsasmum, or common Tutsan. 
Clymenpn Italorum L'Obel. 
tlypdricum A.ndroses^mum L. 
Park Leaves. 
Androsfrme qfficinale, Fr. 
Breit-btdttriges (broad-leaved) Johannis- 
kraut, Ger. 



Acerdcece Lindl. 



404 
405 



I. ^CER L. t ft -J * 

THE MAPLE. 

E'rablc, Fr. 
Ahorn, Ger. 
Acero, Ital. 
-4rce, Spanish. 

1. ob!6ngum HW/. *'-J Nepal fig. 113. 

in p. 433. - - - 405 

The oblong-leaved Maple. 

A. \aurijolmm D. Don. 
A. Buzimpala Hamilt. 

2. tataricum L. ft Tartary pi. 23. f. 114. 

in p. 434. - - 406 

The Tartarian Maple. 

E'rable de Tartarie, Fr. 
Tartarische Ahorn, Ger. 
Zarza-modon, or Locust Tree, Kuss. 

3. spicatum L. 5= North America pi. 24. 

fig. 115. in p. 435. - - 406 

The spike-flowered Maple. 
A montanum Ait. 
A. pennsylvdnicum Du Roi. 
A. parvjftbrum Ehrh. 
Mountain Maple. 
E'rable de Montagne, Fr. 
Berge Ahorn, Ger. 

4. striatum L. % North America pi. 25. 

fig. 11 6. in p. 436, 437. - 407 

The striped-fiarfod Maple. 
A. pennsylvdnicum L. 
A. ctmatUnte Marsh. 
Snake-barked Maple, Manse n'ood ,s// ircd 

Maple, E'raMrjaspS. IT. 
Gcstrciftcr Ahorn , < . < i 



Page 

5. macrophyllum Pursh. *t North America 

pi. 26. fig. 117. in p. 438,439., and 
118. in p. 440, 441. - - 408 

The long, or large, leaved Maple. 

6. jolatanoides L. Europe pi. 27. 

fig. 119. in p. 442, 443. - 408 

The Platanus-like, or Norway, Maple. 

E'rable plane, E'rable de Norvege, Fr. 
Spitz-Ahorn, Spitz-blattriger Ahorn, Ger. 

Varieties, ft 

2 Lqbeln f. 120. in p. 444. 409 

Lobel's Platanus-like Maple. 
A. Lobilii Tenor e. 
A. platanb'ldes Don's Mill. 



3 pubiscens Hayne. *_ 
The dowm-tamd Pla 



y4eaved Platanus-like Maple. 

4 variegatum Hort. ft - 409 
The silver variegated-tawed Platanus- 
like Maple. 

albo variegatum Hayne. 

5 aureo variegatum ft - 409 
The golden variegated-/eavcd Platanus-like 

Maple. 

6 laciniatura Dec. *t pi. 28. fig. 

121. in p. 445. - 409 

The cut-leaved Platanus-like Maple. 
? A^. p. crlspum Lanth. 
The Eagle's Claw, or Hawk's 
Foot Maple. 



7. saccharinum L. ft North America pi. 
29. fig. 122. in p. 446, 447. 411 

Hard Maple, Bird's-Eijc 



The Sugar Maple. 
Rock Maple, 
Maple. 



- 411 



Variety ft 

2 nigrum *t 

The black Sugar Tree, or Mock 

Maple. 
A. nigrum Michx. 

8. Pseudo-Platanus L. ft Europe pi. 30, 
31. fig. 123. in p. 448, 449. 414 

The Mock Plane Tree, the Sycamore, or Great 
Maple. 

Plane Tree, Scotch. 

E'rable Sycamore, E'rable blanc de Mon- 
tagnc, Fausse Platane, Grand E'rable, 
Fr. 

Ehrenbaum, Weisser Ahorn, Gemcinc 
Ahorn, Ger. 

Varieties. 

2 flava variegata - - 414 
The yellow variegated Sycamore, or 

Costorphinc Plane, with leaves 
variegated with yellow. 

3 albo variegata Hayne ft - 414 
The white variegated-feawed Syca- 
more. 

4 purpurea Hort. ft - - 415 
The purple-leaved Sycamore. 

.> subobtusa Dec. *f. - - 415 
The half-obtuse-/<'f'<v/ Sycamore. 
A. i )/)///(Vmw/ Thuil. 
A. \ittfolinm Opiz. 



CONTENTS. 



XXXI 



Other Varieties - 
Ilodgkins's Seedling, Hort. 
lA-slie's Seedling, Hort. 
stenoptera Hayne. 
macroptera Hayne. 
microptera 



- 415 



9. obtusatum Kit. f Hungary pi. 32. 
fig. 1-4*4. in p. 450, 451. - 420 

The obtuac-lobi-d-leared Maple. 
A. neapolittinum Tenore. 
A. hybridum Hort. 
The Neapolitan Maple. 

10. barbatum Michx. North America 

pi. 33. fig. 125. in p. 452. - 420 

The bearded- cali/xcd Maple. 
A. carototuntpm Bolt. 
A. trilobatum Hort. 

11. O'palus Dec. 5f Italy pi. 34. fig. 126. 

in p. 453. - 421 

The Opal, or Italian, Maple. 
A. O'palus L. 
A. rotundifblium Lam. 
A. itnlicum Lanth. 
A. villbsum Pres. 

L' E'rable Opale, E'rable & Fcuilles rondes, 
E' ruble tf Italic, Fr. 



Variety % - 
? A. coriaceum Lodd. 



-421 



12. opulifblium nil. *t Pyrenees - 421 

The Guelder-Rose-leaved Maple. 
A. hisptinicum Pour. 
A. vvrnum Reyn. 
A. montanum C. Bauhin. 
E'rable duret, E'rable d. Feuilles d'Obter, 

Ay art in.Dauphine, Fr. 
Schneeboll-blattriger Ahorn, Ger. 

13. circin;itum Pursh. North America 

fig. 1 12., and fig. 127. in p. 454. 422 

The round-leaved Maple. 

14. palmatum Thunb. & I Japan fig. 

128. in p. 455. - - 422 

The palmate-leaved Maple. 

15. eriocarpum Michx. *t N.Amer. pi. 

35, 36. fig. 129. in p. 456. - 423 

The hairy-fruited, or irtn'tc, Maple. 
A. daai/carpum Willd. 
A. tomentbsum Hort. Par. 
A. gla ucmn Marsh. 
A. vireiniantim Duh. 
A. rubrutn Wajjer.h. 
Jt'/iite, or soft, .Maple, U. S. 
Sir Charles Wafer's Maple. 
E'rable d Fruits cotonneux, E'rable blanc, 

Fr. 
Ranker Ahorn, Ger. 

16. rubrum L. N.America pi. 37,38. 

fig. 130. in p. 457. - - 424 

The red-flowering, or scarlet, Maple. 
A. virginianum Herm. 
A. cocclneum Ait. 

Sqft Maple, Swamp Maple, Red MapL-. 
E'rable rouge, Fr. 
Rather Ahorn, Ger. 



J 'ari<'tics 



Page 



South Europe 
427 



3 intermedium 

17. monspessul&naio L. 

pi. 39, 40. fig. 131. in p. 458. 

The Montpclior Maple. 
A. tritobum Mocnch. 
A. trifulium Dull. 
A. trilohatum Lam. 
E'rable de Monlpclier, Fr. 
Franzb'sischer Ahorn, Ger. 

18. campestre L. "L Europe pi. 41, 42. 

fig. 132. in 458. - - 428 

The common, or Field, Maple. 
E'rable champctre, Fr. 
Kleiner Ahorn, Feld Ahorn, Ger. 

Varieties. 

1 hebecarpum Dec. - 428 
The downy-fruited Field Maple. 

A. campestre Wallr. 
A. mdlle Opiz. 

2 fo'iis variegatis - 428 
The variegated-leaved Field Maple. 

A. Pseudo-Pldtanus. 

3 collinum Wallr. *E - 428 
The hill-inhabiting Field Maple. 

A. ajfflne and A. macrocdrpum 
Opiz. 

4 austriacum Tratt. Arch. 428 
The Austrian Field Maple. 

19. creticum L. Crete pi. 43. fig. 

132. in p. 459. - - 439 

The Cretan Maple. 

A. heteroph-gilum Willd. 
A. semperv'irens L. 
E'rable de Crlte, Fr. 
Cretischer Ahorn, Ger. 

App. i. Doubtful Species of Aver. - 43O 
A. O'palus, A. opulif61ium, A. barbatum, A. coria- 
ceum, ,4. LobeliY, A. nlgrum, ^./jlatanoides, A. 
saccharmum, A. hfbridum, A. obtusifblium, A. 
obtusatum, A. lob^tum. 

App. ii. Anticipated Species of AVer. 

. ibericum Bieb. * 
. obtusifolium Sibtft. & 
. parvifblium Tausch. *f 
A. crftictim of some, 



431 



vi K ;ttum Wall, aj 
. acuminitum Wall. 
cultrimim Walt. *f 
caudiUum Wall. * 
villosum Wall. *<f 
sterculiaceum Wal 
diss^ctum Thvn. * 
japdnicum Thun. 
septenilobum Thun 
pictum Thun. V ] 
yl.trifidum Thun. *jf 
A. truncaHim Dunge. 



App. iii. Half-hardy Species of A 'cer. 432 



405.460 



A. palmktum Thun. ^ _ | 
A. obldngum Wall. ^ ^ _ | 

H. NEGU'NDOM&nch. 

THE NEGUNDO, or Box Elder. 
AVer L. 
Negtindium Rafin. 



XXXll 



CONTENTS. 



l./raxinifolium Null. 



North America 
pi. 44. 460 



The Ash-leaved Negundo. 
AVer Negundo /,. 
N. Aceroldes Mcench. 
Negundium americanum Rafin. 
The Ash-leaved Maple, The black Ash. 
E'rable a Feu i lies de Frene, Fr. 
F.'rablc A Giguiercs, Illinois. 
Etckenbtattrtger Ahorn, Ger. 

Variety % 460 

2 crispum G. Don. . pi. 45. 
The curled-leaved Ash-leaved Negundo, or 
Box Elder 

App. i. Anticipated Species of Negundo. 462 

N. raexicinum Dec. $ 

A ttrnfitnm Moc. 

? N. fritrwifftfiiim far. Dec. 
N. cochlnchindnse Dec. * 



App. I. Other Aceracea. 

Dobinea vulgaris Hamitt. j 



- 462 



Msculdcea Lindl. ? a - 462 

Castancacea: Link. 
HippocastanctE Dec. 

1. ^E'SCULUS L. . 462 

THE HORSECHESTNUT. 

Hippocdslanum Tourn. 
Marronier d'Inde, Fr. 
Rosskastanie, Ger. 

1. Hippocastanum . * 

pi. 46, 47. 463 

The common Horsechestnut. 

Hippocastanum vulgdre Tourn. 
Marronier d'Inde, Fr. 
Gemcine Rosskastanie, Ger. 

Varieties. * 

2 flore pleno 5f - 463 
The double-flowered Horsechestout. 

3 variegata ^ - - 463 
The varicgated-fcawd Horsechestnut. 

2. (H.) ohioensis Michx. $ N. Am. 467 

The Ohio ^sculus, or Horsechestnut. 

3. (H.) rubicunda Low. $ N. America 

pi. 48. 467 

The reddish-yfouwrd jEsculus, or Horsechestnut. 
JE. cdrnea Hort. 
IE. rdsea Hort. 
JE. coccinea Hort. 

JE. HippocAstanum var. rubicundum Schu- 
bert 
Whitley'sfinc scarlet. 

4. (H.) glabra Willd. *t North America 

fig. 133. 467 

The smooth-feowcd JEsculus, or Horsechestnut. 

5. (H.) pallida Willd. t N.Am.f. 134.468 
The pale-flowered ^Esculus, or Horsechestnut. 

Gelblichc Rosskastanie, Ger. 



6. (H.) Lyon Hort. 

Lyon's Asculus. 



468 



Page 



App. i. Other Sorts or Varieties of 2E'$ctdtu. 



\\'hltloy's fine srarUt 
JK. americina 
M. H. inclsum 
JE. H. pncVox 
M. H. tortuosuin 
M. H. nigrum 



II. PA V V/^ Boerh. ^ jft 

THE PAVIA, or Smooth-fruited 



4G8 



462. 469 

Horscchcstnnt 



Tree. 



Pavfer, Fr. 



1. rubra />???. ^ N. Am. pi. 49, 50. 469 

The reA-floii'ercd Pavia. 
JE'sculus Pavia. L. 
JE'soilus Ptivln var. a. rubra Hayne. 
P. parviflora Hort. 
S//HI/I Jiuckeyc, Amer. 
Marronier Pavie, Pavie d Fleurs rouges, 

Rothe Rosskastanie, Ger. 
Varieties. 3f 

2 arguta G. Don t fig. 135. 469 
The sharp-toothed-leaved red-flow- 

ered Pavia. 
lE'scuhtsPaviaparviflbra Hort. 

3 sublaciniata Wats. - 470 

The slightly cut-leaved red-flowered 
Pavia. 

4 humilis a - pi. 51. 470 
The dwarf red-flowered Pavia. 

P. humilis G. Don. 
JE'sculus humilis Lodd. 

5 humilis pendula * - 470 
The pendulous-firancAfd dwarf 

red-flowered Pavia. 

2. flavaDcr. * Carolina pi. 52,53. 471 

The yellow -flowered Pavia. 
JE'sculus flava Ait. 
JE. lutca Wangh. 
P. /dfoa Poir. 

The large Buckeye, Big Buckeye, Amer. 
The yellow Pavia. 

3. discolor Swt. & N. America - 472 



The two-coloured-./Z0w;mf Pavia. 
JE'sculus discolor Ph. 



4. hybrida Dec. 
The hybrid Pavia. 

JE'sculus hybrida Dec. 



472 



5. negle'cta G. Don. 

The neglected Pavia. 

JE'sculus negUcta Lindl 



Hybrid 

ec. 

..... fig. 136. 472 
pi. 54. 473 



6. macrocarpa Hort. 

The long-fruited Pavia. 

JE'sculus Pdvin macrocarpa Lodd. 
Pavin macrocarpa Hort. 

7. macrostachya Lois. & North America 

fig. 137. 473 

The long-racemed Pavia. 

JE'sculus parvtfldra Walt. 

JE. macrostachya MX. 

PHVI& alba Poir. 

Pavia edMis Poit. 

Pavier a longs E'pis, Pavier nain, Fr. 

Langahrige nosskastanie, Ger. 

App. i. Other Varieties of Pt>ia. - 474 

P. serrata, P. erecta, vE'sculus Pavm flava var. 
Hort. 



t ONTENTS, 



XXXlli 



Sapinddcccr. ? O *i_i -171 
KOLREUTEUT^ Laxm. - 17;> 

THE KOLUEUTERIA. 

Saplndus sp. L. fil. 

1. naniculata Laxm. % China pi. 55. 475 

The psnicleA-Jlou'ering Kolreuteria. 
Sapindns e/ii'nt'ns/'s I... til. 
K. pawWinioldes L'H>'ril. 
Savonnier panicul4, Fr. 
Rispentragende Kolreuterie, Ger. 

App. I. Half-hardy ligneous Species of Sa- 
pindacea. CD Hi I - 476 

Dodonar'a visc6sa L. * I I 

I), alternata Cunning. 

D. jamaicensis Deo. CD 

D. angusUf'blia Swz. 

D. vitcina Cav. 
D. /aliclf 61ia Dec. * ! I 

D. anguitifolia Lam. 

Bow de reineite, Fr. 

P. /aiirina Sitb. 1 | 

D. trfquetra Dot. Rep. * | | 

D. cuneataSmitt.| | 

<tdee. * I I 



Melia 1. Azederdch L. _ 

The Bead Tree, or Indian Lilac. 

2. sempervirens Srfz. 
The evergreen Melia, or 

3. australis Swt. * I 1 

1. .j.ip<5nica G. Don. fjf | | 



476 

fig. 138. 476 
476 

477 
477 



VitdcecB Lindl. 11 a - 477 
I. JTTIS i. i i a - 477 

THE GRAPE VINE. 

Giud, Celtic. 
Fid, Span. 
F?e, Fr. 
Wein, Ger. 

1 . vinifera L. 1 Persia - fig. 139. 477 

The wine-bearing Vine. 
Vigne, Fr. 
Gemeincr Wcinstock, Ger. 



Varieties 



478 



2 foliis incanis 1 478 
The hoary-leaved Grape Vine. 

Mi/ter's Grape, or Miller's Black 
Cluster Griipc. 

3 foliis rubesc^ntibus J, 478 I 
The rubescent-leaved Grape Vine. 

The Claret Grape. 
Tenturier, Fr., not Clairette, 
Dufintn. 

4 apiifolia Hort. 1 fig. 140. 478 
The Parslev-leaved Grape Vine. 

Crotal, Fr. 

V. lacinibsa L. 

2. Labrusca L. 1 N. Am. fig. 141. 479 

The wild Vine, or Fox Grape. 
\ . taurina Walt. 
Fihiger Wein, Ger. 



.-I'stivalis Mn-/t.v. ^ N. Am. fig. 142. 479 



The Summer Vim-, .., (., 
V. l M l,rn,c,t \V;pt. 
V. w/,/imj Willd. 

sinuata G. Don. _6 N. America 

The scallop-team/ \'ine, or Summer (i,, 
V.gttiva/i, rar.tinwila 1'h. 
? V. liibnucKldei Muhl. 



479 



5. cordifolia M/V-//.r. 1 N. Am. f. 143. 480 

The heart-sAa/)c-leaved \'ino, or Chicken Grape. 
V. incisa Jacq. 
V. vulplna L. 

6. riparia Michx. 1 N. Am. f. 144. 480 

The river-side, or sweet-scented, Vine. 
V. odoratissima Donn. 
Vigne de Battures, Amer. 

7. rotunciifblia Michx. 1 N. Am. 480 
The round-leaved Vine, or Bullet Grape. 

8. caribae'a Dec. 1 o Jamaica - 480 

The Caribean Vine. 
V. indica Swz. 

App. i. Other hardy or half-hardy Species of 
Vltis. 1 4S1 

V. Walliclu Dec. R 
V. glabrata Roth, fl Q 
V. indica L. fl_ D fig- 1 . 
V. cassia J/o 



II. AMPELO'PSIS Michx. 1 477. 481 

THE AMPELOPSIS. 
Vltit sp. 
Cissus sp. 

1. cordata Michx. 1 N. America 481 

The cordate- leaved Ampelopsis. 
Cissus Ampel6psis Pers. 
\ltis indivlsa Willd. 

2. Hederacea Michx. North America 

fig. 146. 482 

The Ivy-like Ampelopsis, or Five-leaved Ivy. 
TAddera quinquefblia I>. 
VWs quinquefblia Lam. 
Cissus hederacea Ph. 
Cissus quinquefblia Hort. 
Vltts hederacea Willd. 
A. quinquefblia Hook. 
Figne J ierge, Fr. 
Jungfern Reben, Wilder Wein, Ger. 

3. ( H. ) hirsuta Donn. 1 N. America 482 

The hairy-fearerf Ampelopsis. 

Cfttuf hederacea var. hirsuta Ph. 

4. bipinnata Michx. 1 N.America 482 

The bipinnate-A'avcrf Ampelopsis. 
\~itisarbbrea Willd. 
Cissus stuns Pers. 

App. i. Anticipated hardy Species of Ampe- 
lopsis. 1 - - 482 

A . bdtrya Dec. _& 

A. heterophSlla Blume. _fc 

\lti*ja\.<<inica Spreng. 
A.capreo'.ataG. Don. 

Vttis capnolata D. Don. 

in. crssus L. i. i_i 

THE Cissui. 

1. orientalis Lntn. g_ | | Levant 

2. quinata Ait. M | I Cape of Good Hope 

a Vetif |L I I New Holland 



477. 483 



3. antarctic 

4. capensis 



_ 

i/ld. Q_ | 
5. vitiRinea |_ , _ | 

efolia. fl_ l _J 



_ 

| _ j Cape of Good. Hope 



6. quinque 



- 483 

- 483 
fig. 147. 483 

483 

fig. 148. 483 
fig. 149. 483 



XXXIV 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

Geraniacece. - i_J - 483 

e-Uranium Barrington/i n. | |, I cucullAtum L i_J fig- 

150., macrlnthon . \ | ( megalanthon a. | (^ ca- 

hunistr;ttum, fuercifolium tt, | |, peltatum tL | |, 

zonale . ij fig- 151., Bentinckiu/ium . ( |, ftiquinans 

. | J fig. 162. 



Zygopliylldcece. 



Melianthus major L. & - 
Zygophy-lliun sessilifolium L. jt i I 
MorgianaL. * i I 



i_J 484 

- fig. 153. 484 

- fig. 154. 484 

- 484 



*- - i_J - _l 484 

I. tflTTA i. L it. uJ *L _j - 484 
THE RUE. 

Rue, Fr. 

Route, Ger. 

I. graveolens .. S.Europe f. 155. 485 

The heavy-scented, or common, Rue. 
R. hortttnsis Mill. Diet. 
Rue, Fr. 
Gartenruute, Ger. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of Ruta. 487 

ML i I tt_ J 

R. pinnata L. tL| |, R. bracteosa Dec. a. |, ft. angus- 

tifolia Per*. ., | ,/? ff . 15C., ft. macrophjlla 

. montana CVuj. . |, . divaricata r 

*. Corsica Dec. . ^ ft. albiflora HooA-. 

II. APLOPHY'LLUM 

*-_J 

THB APIX>PHVLJ,UM, or Simple-leaved ft 

1 . /inifolium G. Don. ML i 



484. 487 



j Spain 
%. 157. 487 

RiUa linifblia L. 

2. suaveolens G. Don. . _ | Tauria 487 

Ruta tuavtoleiu Dec. 

3. fruticulosum G. Don. u. _ | Syria 487 



487 



Xanthoxyldcece. $ 
I. XANTHO'XYLUM i. j A 487, 488 

THE XANTHOXYLUM, or Toothache Tree. 
ZitmtMxylum of many. 
Kampmdnnia, Rqftn. 
Clavalier, Fr. 
ZaAnwehholz, Ger. 

1. /raxineum JFi//rf. 3f North America 
pi. 6. fig. 158.488 

The Ash-leaved Xanthoxylum, or Common Tooth- 
ache Tree. 

ZantMxylum ramiJMrum Michx. 

7.. Clciva Her cults var. L 

Z,. atncricanum Mill. 

Z. carilta^um Gaert. 

Clavalier a Fcuilles de Frene, Fr. 

Lschen-bl'dUriges Zahntvehholz, Ger. 

Variety _ 488 

2 virginicum 
X. 



2. tricarpum Michx. 3fe N. America 

The three-fruited Xanthoxylum, oc Twtluiche Trie. 
Fagira frJ in(fulia Lam. 



Page 

488 



3. mite 

The smooth, 



North America - 489 

thornleis, Xanthoxylum, or Toothache Tree. 



App. i. Half-hardy Species. 489 

IT. PTE'LEA L. $ * ? -J - 487. 489 

THE PTELEA, or Shrubby Trefoil. 
Bellticia Adans. 
Orme de Samarie, Fr. 
Lederblume, Ger. 

1. trifoliata L. *f N. Amer. pi. 57. 489 

The three-fca/teted-leaved Ptelea, or Shrubby 
Trefoil. 

Orme de Samarie a trots Feuilles, Fr. 
Dreybl'dttrige Lederblume, Ger. 



Varieties - 

2 pentaphylla Munchh. *t 

3 pubescens Pursh. i 



489 



App. i. Other ligneous Species of Ptelea, 
hardy or half-hardy. & 49O 

P. monophylla Lam. tt V _ | 
P. pentandra AToc. * ? _ | 
P. ovata Lour, a ? I 

III. AILA'NTUS Desf. 487. 490 

THE AILANTO. 

RAw's Ehrh. 

Verne du Japan, Fr. 

Gotterbaum, Ger. 

1. glandulosa Z)<?5/! i China 

pi. 58, 59. fig. 159. 490 
The glandulous-/crttfd Ailanto. 
A. procera Sal. 
RAws hypsclodendron Mcench. 
R. cacodendron Ehrh. 
R. sinense Ellis. 
Ayktnthc glanduleux, Fr. 
Drtisigcr Gotterbaum, Ger. 



Coriacece. 



- 492 
- 492 



I. CORIA'RIA 

THE CORIARIA. 
Redoul, Fr. 
Gerberstrauch, Ger. 

1. wzyrtifolia L. a Europe f. 160. 492 

The Myrtle-leaved Coriaria. 

Fustet ties Corroyeurs, Redoul a Feuilles 

de Myrte, Fr. 
Myrtenblaltriger Gerberstrauch, Ger. 



2. nepalensis Wall. 

The Nepal Coriaria. 



Nepal 



493 



3. microphylla Poir, N. Zealand 

The small-leaved Coriaria. 
C. tarmeatbsa Forst. 



' Staphyledcece 



I. STAPHYLE^A 1>. 

THE STAPHYLEA, or Bladder-nut Tree. 
S//i/j//t//ude'ndron Tourn. 
Slaphilier, Faux Pistachicr, Fr. 
riinpcrnnss, tier. 



- 493 
493 



CONTENTS. 



XXXV 



Pag 

. trifolia/,. * N. Am. fig. 161, 162.493 

The throc-/<v7/?f/iYMc;ivril Staphylea. 
Stiifi/tt /!(> a 1'enille* ternt'rs, Fr. 
t'irgini.tc/ii' J'itHjienntss, (Icr. 

2. pinnata L. * Europe - fig. 163. 494 

The pinnated-/<v/m/ Stuphylea. 

Staphylod&ndron phnmtiini Hay. 
tituphilier a l-'eitilles (tili'es, Fr. 
Gemehie Pimpernnss, Uer. 

App. i. Anticipated Species of Staphylea. 
* ? _J 495 



n* - 495 



N. hL-tL-roi-hylla ft. et P.m? | 

Celastrdcea Dec. * 
I. .EUO'NYMUS Tourn. 



495. 496 

THE EUONYMUS, or Spindle Tree. 

Fusain, Bonnet de Pretre, Bois d. 

Lardoire, Fr. 
Spindelbaum, Ger. 

eiiropae^us L. Z E. pi. 60. f. 164. 496 

The European Euonymus, or Spindle Tree. 
E. vulgnris Mill. 
Prick-timber, Gerard. 
Louse Berry, Dogwood, Gnttcridge Tree. 
Fusain d'Europc, Bonnet de Pretre com- 

mun, Fr. 
Ccmeine Spindelbaum, Ger. 

Varieties * m - - 496 

2 foliis variegatis Lodd. * 

3 latifolius Lodd. * 

4 nan us Lodd. * 

5 fructu albo Lodd. ' 

verrucosus Scop. * Europe f. 165. 498 

The warted-barked Euor^-mus, or Spindle Tree. 
E. curopee\is U-pr<>sus L. fil. 
J-usain gakux, ou verruqueux, Fr. 
ll'arzigcr Spindelbaum, Ger. 

latifolius C. Bauh. 1 Europe 

pi. 61. fig. 661. 498 

The broad-leaved Euonymus, or Spindle Tree. 
E. curopa^us var. 2. L. 
Fusain </ /urges Feuillcs, Fr. 
Brcitbliitti-iger Spindelbaum, Ger. 

minus Bieb. * Caucasus - 499 
The dwarf Euonymus, or Spindle Tree. 

atropurpureus Jacq. m North America 
fig. 167.499 

The dark-purple-./70vred Euonymus. 
E. cartilinii'iixis Marsh. 
E. /dtifdlius Marsh. 

americanus L. m North America 

fig. 168. 169. 499 

The American Euonymus, or Spindle Tree. 
}',. t!t*iii/>crt''ircns Marsh. 
E. alter n(f(>liiis Mcench. 
The Burning Bush, Amer. 

sarmentosus Nutt. J? N. America 50O 

The tr:iiliiiK-.v/, n,ml Kuonymus, or Spindle Tret. 
K. sciiiulrn* Hort. 
E. americiinui utr. mirmentiirut Dec. 

ohovatus Nidi, n* N. America - 500 

The obovate-lcavcd Euonymus, or Spindle Tree. 

angusti&iius Ph. * N. America 500 

Tin- iKirrow-lcavrd Kuonymus, or Spindle Tree. 



Page 

10. Hamiltomomu Wall. Nepal 500 

Hamilton's Euonymus, or Spindle Tree. 
E. atro/>n >/)!' ITHS Wall. 



II. garc'miafolius Roxb. * Nepal - 

The (iarcinia-lpnvt-d Kuonymus. 



501 



la. grandiflorus Wall. Sfe 

The large-flowered Euonymus. 



Nepal 



- 501 



App. i. Half-hardy Species of Euonymus. 501 

E. grfasus Wall. ^ 

E. micrinthus D. Don Sk 

E. liicidus D. Don & 



502 



E. echin&tus Wall. _R 

K. tfngens Wall. * 

]:. (,'laber Roxb. Jf 

E. timbri;\tus Wall. 

E. fndicus Heyne^ 

E. vafians Wall. _^ 

E. subtrifl6rus Blume * 

E. ThunbergiVlnu* Hlumc 3fe 

E. p^ndulus Wall. * 

E. frigidus Wall. 

II. CELA'STRUS L, 

THE STAFF TREE. 

Euonymoldes Mcench. 
CMastrc, Fr. 
Celaster, Ger. 

1. scandens L. J, N. America f. 171. 502 

The climbing Staff Tree. 

Bourreau des Arbres, Fr. 
Baummorder, Ger. 

2. bullatus L. 1 Virginia - - 502 

The studded-cfl/JSttfee? Staff Tree. 
App. i. Half-hardy Species of Celdstrus. 503 

III. NEMOPA'NTHES Rafin. & 503 

THE NEMOPANTHES. 

Ilicioldes Dum. Cours. 

L canadensis Dec. & Canada f. 172.503 

The Canadian Nemopanthes. 
IV&r canadensis MX. 
N. fasciculdris Rafin. 
riex delicdtula Bart. 
Prlnos liicidus Ait. 
Houx du Canade, Fr. 



IV. MA-YTENUSFeuill. 

THE MAYTENUS. 

SVn^cia Lam. 
Cfliutnu Willd. 



- 503 



Chili f. 173. 503 



1. chilensis Dec. sit 
The Chili Maytenus. 

Senaria Maytenus Law. 
Celdstrus Maytenus Jf'itM. 

V. CASSPNE L. * - , 503 

THE CASSINE. 
. Maurocenia L. * Ethiopia - 501 

Mauroceni's Cassine. 

The HMentot Cherry. 
lUauroceni&franKularia Mill. 

. capensis Z. Cape of Good Hope 1 74. 504 

The Cape Cassine. 

(, I'hillyrea. 

. excelsa Wall., discolor Wall , 

c 2 



XXX VI 



CONTENTS. 



Pip 

VI. HARTOGIA Dec. * - -504 

THE HAKK -.<;\\. 

ScArrtn-r.: 7 '.';/. 
KUEoddndnni Spreng. 

1. capdnsis . * C. of Good Hope 504 

The Cape Hartogia. 

Schrebcr* schinoides Thun. 
Eteodendron schinoides Spreng. 



AquifolidcecB Dec. 



I. MYGI'ND^ Jacq. 

THE MYGINDA. 

riex Piirsh. 



- 505 



I. //zyrtifolia AWL * N. Amer. 175. 505 

The Myrtle-leaved Myginda. ' 
I lex \quifolium Pursh. 

II. /'LEX L. - 505 

THE HOLLY. 

Aquifolium Tourn. i 

Houx, Fr. 

Heilse, Stechpalmc, Ger. 

1. Aquifolium L. 1 Eur. pi. 62, 63. 505 

The prickly-leaved Holly. 

Hulver, Hulfere, Holme, Eng. 

Slechpalme, Stecheiche, Stechbaum, Stech- 
laub,Hulse, Hulscnbaum, Hulsenstrauch, 
Hulzt, Hulchs, Hoist, Habze, Hullgenolz, 
Myrtendorn, Clirisldorn, Mausdorn, 
Zwieseldorn, Kleezebusch, Stcchapsel, 
Stechwinde, Waldistcl, Ger. 

Stikpalme, Maretorn, Christorn, Skoutisdel, 
Dan. 

Jernek, Christiorn. Swed. 

Le Houx, le grand Housson,CAgron grand 
Pardon, Bois Franc, Fr. 

Agrifolio, Alloro spinoso, Ital.] 



Acebo, Agrifolio, Span. 

folio, 
Port. 



Azevinho, Agrifolio, Acrifolio, Agin folio, 



Waefoscheld, Ostrokof, Padub, Russ. 
Schubbig hardkclk, Dutch. 

Varieties - - 506 

2 heterophyllum Hart. 1 

3 angustifolium Hort. 1 

4 latifoliurn Hort. 1 

5 altacler^nse Hort' $ 

6 marginatum Hort. $ f. 176. 

7 /aurifolium /fort. 1 f. 177. 

8 ciliatum Hort. 1 f. 179. 

9 ciliatum minus Hort. 1 
lOrecurvum J/ort. 1 f. 181. 

1 1 serratifolium Hort.l f. 182. 

12 crispum Hort. 2 

13 ferox JFfort. 5 f. 1 80. 

1 4 crassifolium Hort. $ f. 1 78. 

15 senescens Sweet 1 

16 albo-marginatum Hort. i 

17 aureo-marginatum Hort. f 

18 albo-pictum /fort. 1 

19 aureo-pictum Hort. i 

20 ferox arg6nteum ./fort. ? 

21 ferox aurcum Hort. f. 
'J2 fructn lutco Hort. t 
2M frueto ;liho Hort. ?. 



Pape 

?. balearica Desf. Minorca f. 183. 510 

The Minorca Holly. 

I. Aquifblitt'in var. S l<am. 

3. opaca Ait. N. Amer. pi. 04, 65. 516 

The opaque-fcflfo/ Holly. 

Agrifolium vulgdre Clayt. 
I. Aqnifbli'um Gron. 
The American Holly. 

Varieties - - 517 

2 macrodon. 

3 lati folia. 

4 acuminata. 

5 globosa. 

4. laxiflora Lam. a Carolina - - 517 



Thelc 



s-flowered Holly 
Aguifuliiimihiccisjlitvis. 



517 



517 



5. Casslnc Ait. Carolina 
The Cassine-Mtf Holly. 

Aquifolium carolintnse Cat. 
I. caroliniana Mill. 
I. cassino/rft's Link. 
I. Dahoon Walt. 
Cassena, Amer. Indians. 
Dahoon Holly. 

Variety 
2 angusti folia $ f. 184. 

6. angustifolia Willd. * N. Amer. f. 185. 

517 

The narrow-leaved Holly. 
I. myrtifilia Walt. 
I. rosmarinifolia Lam. 

Variety - 518 

2 /igustrifolia Pursh 1 f. 1 86. 

7. vomitdria Ait. 1 N. Am. f. 186. 518 

The Emetic Holly. 

I. Casslne vlra Walt. 
I. \igustrina Jacq. 
Casslne Peragua Mill. 
I. Cassena Michx. 
I. religiosa Bart. 
l.floridana Lam. 
Houx apalachine, Fr. 
Trwe Cassene, Cassene, Floridan. 
The Yapon, Virginian. 
The evergreen Cassena, Cassioberry-bush, 
South Sea Tea, Eng. 

8. canariensis Pair. 1 Canaries - 519 

The Canary Holly. 

9. Dahoon Wall. Carolina - 519 

The Dahoon Holly. 

I. Cassine Willd. 

Variety - - 519 

2 /aurifblia Nutt. 

App. i. Species of Tlex not yet introduced. 5 1 9 

/. oclorkU Hum., i uneifcMia /-., C. l>onarkMibis,/i{.-ushlf6Lia fi. lhi 
(aDgnttif&lU Nutt.}, nepa!6nsis A'y<rc^'. 

App. ii. Half-ftardy Species of Tlex. 519 



/. clipyrena Wall., excelsa Wall., serrata .n//c, /Vn)</o Ait. (ma- 
derensis Law.., and fi R . 187.), chinnri Swu (f. isx.t, hetc- 
rophtlla fi. flon, macrophvlla, elli|>tica //. . ./ Kn>,th, 



derlnsis Lam., and fi R . 187.), .hinensis *'* (f- 1S8.I, lietc- 
rophtlla fi. Don, macropMlla, i-ili|>tica H. [i. <-t K>,i,th, 
scopul6rum H. B. ct Kunth, rupfcol.i //. /}. rt Kunlli, I'nlli'rin 
Pers., emarRiiiata Thtinb., crenhta, Thunb., .srriit:i T/iinil,., 
latifolia Thiiuli., mvricoides T/nmli., a>i;itica /-, ' 
Thanh., rotii"<[;i 'rfinitli., /.unit lit'Ulf.i //. IS. ft kttntti, ] 
riensis (f. 189.;. 



III. 



520 



Till-. WlNTl.H 15tRRY. 

Agtria Adans. 
Aptltmche, Fr. 

ll'in.'t'i'fit'i . . 



CONTENTS. 



XXXV11 



Page 

i. P rt milt /is Dec. Sfc - - 520 

1. decfduus Dec. * N.America - 520 

The deciduous Winter Berry. 
ri,>r i-/('m/,'.v Ait. 
r^-x </<-c/rf?i Walt. 

Variety - 521 

2 asstivalis Dec. 

l v &',r (cstiralis Lam. 

2. ambiguus MIC/IJC. & N. Am. f. 190. 521 

The ambiguous Winter Berry. 
Casslne Carolinians Walt. 

ii. Ageria Dec. sBi - 521 

3. verticillatus i. A N. Amer. f. 191. 522 

The whorled Winter Berry. 
P. vaitifolius Willd. 
P. Gronovii Michx. 
P. confer (us Moanch. 
P. prunifolius Lodd. 

1. dubius G.Don. & N. America - 521 

The dubious W T inter Berry. 
P. ambiguus Pursh. 

5. lacvigatus Purs/i. & - f. 191. 522 
The smooth-leaved W r inter Berry. 

6. lanceolatus Pursh. * N. Amer. 522 

The lanceolate-fcawd Winter Berry. 

iii. Winttrlia Moench. * - 522 

7. glaber L. * North America - 522 

The glabrous Winter Berry. 

8. atomarius Nutt. * N. America - 522 

The atom-tearing Winter Berry. 

9. coriaceus Pursh. * N. America 523 

The coriaceous-fc<u>erf Winter Berry. 
P. K lal>cf Wats. 

App. i. Other Species of Prlnos. 523 

P. diolcus Vahl, nltidus Vahl. 



\\hamnacece Lindl. & * *. ^ J 523 



I. ZFZYPHUS Tonrn. & - 524 

Jujubicr, Fr. 
Judcndorn, Ger. 

I. vulgaris Law?. Syria - f. 193. 524 

The common Jujube. 

Rhumnus 7,izyphus L. 
Z. *at;a Desf. 
7,. .Kijub.-i .V///. 
Jt/j'i/iit'r crt/livS, Fr. 
Itrnstbct'rcn, Ger. 
(ii'uggiol, Ital. 

J. siiu-nsis Lam. -i- Cliina - - 525 

TheChin.wJui".!*. 

KAnmnu* Zfzyphtu Lour. 

3, spina-Christt Lam. . Africa - 526 

I'hrist's Thorn Jujube. 



X. .l/r.V .;/./( Mill. 
/. Niip-'-ra f^m. 
N.ilK ;i .4/p. 
' 



2 in or in is 7)t'c. 



Page 

- 520 



526 



4. incurva Roxb. Nepal 

The incur vcd-s/j/nref Jujube. 
Z. paniculiita Ilamilt. 

5. flexuosa Wall. * Nepal - 

The flexible Jujube. 



App. i. Half-hardy Species of Zizyphus 526 

Z. Lotus Lam. (llhdmnus Lotus L.) fig. 194. 

Z. nitida Roxb., parvifblia Del., mucronata Willd. ,gla- 

bra Roxb., CEnoplia Mill., tomentbsa Roxb. 
Z. albens Roxb., agrestisScAMW.,soporiferus Schull., 

capcnsis, Jnjuba Lamb. (/Jhamnus Jujuba L.) 

II. PALIITRUS L. & - 528 
CHRIST'S THORN. 

Paliure, Porte-chapeau, Fr. 

1. aculeatus Lam. & Asia 

pi. 66, 67. fig. 195. 527 
The prickly Christ's Thorn. 
P. pt!tasus Dum. 
P. australis Gaertn. 
P. vulgaris D. Don. 
Rhumnus Paliurus L. 
Zizyphus Paliurus Willd. 
Christ's Thorn, or Lamb of Libya, Gerard. 
E'pine de Christ, Argalon, Porte-chapeau, 

GeflUgeUer Judendorn, Ger. 

III. BERCHE V M/J Neck, j - 528 

THE BERCHEMIA. 

(Endplia Hedw. 

1. volubilis Dec. j| N. Am. f. 196. 528 

The twining Berchemia. 

Rhdmnus volubilis L. 
Zizyphus volubilis Willd. 
(Endplia volubilis Schult. 
Supple Jack, Virginian. 

App. i. Other Species of Berchemia. 529 

B. flave'scens Brong. (Zizyphus flavescens Wall.) B. lineata 
Uneatu* AmT S UnektUS ^ B> Loureiria ' na De ^- (h&mnus 

IV. .RHA'MNUS Lam. *i & * ^ 529 
THE BUCKTHORN. 

The Ram, or Hart's, Thornc, Gerard. 
Box Thorn. 
Nerprun, Fr. 
Wegdorn, Ger. 

i. Marcoretta Neck. 529 

1. Alaternus L. * S. Europe f. 197. 529 

The Alaternus. 

Alaternus Phill$rca Mill. 

Varieties - . 530 

2 balearica Hort. Par. m. 

3 hispanica Hort. Par. m 

4 foliis maculatis m 

5 foliis aureis jt 

6 foliis arg^nteis 41 

7 angustifolia * 

R. CYfwii 



531 



- 531 



2. hybridus UHeni. * Hybrid 

The hybrid Alaternus. 

R. burgundlacus Hort. Par. 
R. scinpcrvlrcns Hortulan. 

:J. longifolius Link. Sfc - . 

The lonp-loavwl liucktliorn. 

H. HW,/- n( .iiaiius Ri,,,i. ft >,/!;/. 



CONTENTS. 



1. cathartiuii I,, "r F.uropei 'JO. franguloick'.s Mich.r. ii North America 

j.l. li^. ii'i:. I!K*. 531 (i-- '-'07. 5M 

i ; i. t - Hii.-ktii..rn. _ TK ' I 'r5!r'^n'';'V t ';;r',;/,:,,ivv. 

' ; '^ i '^1. piuniln.s />. ^ South I ; .urope 
2 Imlri.'-nsis ./,-. :Y pp (J!)- j-^^ ^ ( ) S . 53(i 

'1'he Alpine luiekthorn. 
',. \ir".ttns /,',.//,. -k Himalaya - - 532 - -i 7 \ 

i , ; 22. pumilus /,. - Austria - 5:J6 



7. iiifirttViu> A. s S. Europe 1'. '200. 533 



ii. Friinuln Tourn. 



The Carulina Hiu'kthurn 



. Franijula //. ^ Kuropc 

pi. 70. fig. -209. .j.SIJ 



. saxatiiis />. -* S. Europe f. ^01. 53:3 

The M-iiii- lli'ektli.irn. 
U. / //_ f, //* Mill. 



idcs / . -i Sicily - fin. '202. 53-1 



M. pubc'<eens 7W. - Levant - 53 



^. Afioiilcs A. si Spain - - .534- 



13. Er\tlir<'x;>lon I'n'l. & Siberia 

Tl i 



The broail-lcaved Btukthorn. 
App. i. Jin nli/ Sfiti-liK of llhiininus not i/t t 



1\. ^riinitVilius Smith. 

R. Sihthorp/a;/;/.v Srhult. (A 1 , iiuniilns Sibt/i.) 

]{. riirsli/,i7/7/.s- Dee. ( /,'. r/lnilolius 1'nrsli) 1'. ail. 



7i*. intetrrifuliii-; D<-r. (Ii. cori: 

/,'. y-riiiiiules 1.' Ili-n't. ( Xi/yp 

11. n-ltiilii'nlius Tliunb. 

Ii. erenulatus Ail. 

Jl. v.Trulatiis //. />'. <7 A"///////. 

J{. inicrupliVllus H'ilhl. 

]{. unilifllatus Cur. 

/,'. tenuilMlius M,if. 




! 1. a/uri-us 7>r.y/; Mi-xu'o 1'. r^l.'i. .W!) 

The a/iirc-//iH/v/-,-(/ lied liu. t. 
C. cu-rii/.-t/t !.a-. 

H. \\ iiUV-ii/'/ SpriMi.2. . Austria .W.5 c. A,,,./,;,- \\iii.i. 

U nlteu', Hucktlmrii. 

ir /-/////;/v \\uif. 

i:. / miKliis mi-. Jl'iitf,-H\ Dec. 

I'/, pnvilln- 7V//. .* Naples - 535 3. tai-iliflonis ]Ir;i. N. Anxnca 5I<> 

'Mr 'i lir late-llo\u-rili- i;. d I.', ut. 
I- 1 /'/'// '' /-. H,;,lH,!i/,lHUS Dec. 

I. o\atiis 1)< xf. N. America - 5IO 

l w . (laliiiricii-. /V///. . Dahuria - 535, Tin- n\ate-/, ///,./ ii. .1 it..nt. 

Tlie Dal.iirian i!m kthurn. 

.',. iuti-nni-iliiis I'm-sli. -i N. Ann-rica .-1-K) 

i 1 '. //Iniloliu .////, ,,i, , North America ; 'ni,.,,,i ,i,.>,, K,,I i;.,,,,. 



CONTENTS. XXXIX 


Page 
7. microphyllus Mich.r. ft. N. America 540 


Page 


Tlir Miiall-leaved Red Root. 
C.hypericOUtt L'Herit. 


Anacardidcece Lindl. $ f * * ^ 545 


App. i. Other Species of Ceanothus. 540 




r. velutlnus Hook. fig. 215. 
< . l..vig;itus H,<k. 
C. thjrsiflbrus Etch. 


I. PISTACIA L. 1 - 545 

THE PISTACIA TREE. 


App. I. Half-hardy lifiamndceee. 541 


Terebinthus Juss. 
Pistachier, Fr. 


Sphaerocarva edults H'n/1. 
Coiuliili./ inirroplivlla (',. fig. 216. 
Sagerttw Theezuns Brongn. 


Pistacie, Ger. 
Pistacchio, Ital. 


lUnnnniig Thee^ans L,. 

R. That < Kb. 




S. opl>ositifoh,i lirongn. 
\Vtdmnui OffOtiUfMa L. 
S. hanio-ia Bronett. 


1. vera i. ^ Syria - fig. 221. 545 

The true Pistacia Nut Tree. 




P. officindrum Hort. Kew. 


Scutia capensis Brongn. 
Widmnut captmii Thunb. 


Varieties - - 545 


Cntnnlhiitcapensu Dec. 
Retauilla obcordata Uron^n. 


2 tri folia Z. ^ 


Rhdmnus Retanilla Domb. 

(W/Ma Retanilla V\-,,t. 


3 narbonensis Bocc. * 


R. E'phedra Bn>n K n. 


P. reticuldta Willd. 


R. K'phedra Brongn. 




eolletia spinosa Kvnth. fig. 217- 
C. mlyacdntha Willd. 
C. serratifoiia Vent. 


2. Terebinthus . f S. Europe 546 

The Turpentine Pistacia. 


Rhdmnus Spdrtium Domb. 
C. cmciata Gill. 


T. vulgdris Tourn. 
P. vera Mill. 


C. ferox Gil/. 
I'. uUcina G/7/. 


Venetian, or Chian, Turpentine Tree. 


C. Chacfltje (i. Don. 


Pistachier Tertbinthe, Fr. 


EU4m*l Chacaye Domi. 
C. tetragona Brongn. 


Terpentin Pistacie, Ger. 
TcTcb into I tsl . 


Trevi'iu ((uinquenervis 3f/. 




T. trinervis 
Discaria americana HooA:. 


Variety - - 546 


D. australis Hook. 
Hovenia di'ilcis Thuah. 


2 sphasrocarpa Dec. $ 


Colubrina triflora Brongn. 




Rhiimma triflbrtu Moc. 
C. ModnUM G. Don. 


3- Zendscus L. l Levant - 547 


CCMMfaM jMoc/;n7mus Dec. 
VVillemctm africana Kronen. 


The Mastich Tree. 


Pomad^rris ellipt'ica Lull. fig. 218. 
Cryptandra Sm., Bartlingia Brongn., Solennntha G. Don, Tri- 
chooephalus Brongn., PhUica //..Soulangia Brongn., Gouania 
Jacq., Carpodetus I-'ur.it., Oli-nia Thunb. 
Phj'lica ericoides L. fig. 219. 


Varieties - 547 
2 angustifolia Z)ec. i 
P. massiliiSnsis Mill. 
3 chia N. Du Ham. i 




P. chia Desf. 


TJrwTziaceae R. Dr. - 542 


4. atlantica Zte Africa - 548 
The Mount Altas Mastich, or Turpentine Tree. 





II. JKHU'S .*&_&* - 548 


HomalindcccB Lindl. * 


THE SUMACH. 


I. J1USTOTE V L/J L'Herit. * 543 


i. Cotinus Tourn. 3k - 548 


THE AIUSTOTELIA. 


1. 6'otinus L. * S. Europe f. 223. 549 


1. Jfucfjni L'Herit. * Chili pi. 72. 543 


The Cotinus Rhus. 
Cdtinus Coggygrta Scop. 


The Macqui Aristotelia. 


C6tinus coriacea Duh. 


A. fflanflntusa R. et P. 


Venus Sumach, Venice Sumach, Wild Olive. 


A. Mtiqui Dec. 


Sumach Fustet, Arbre aux Pdruques, 


Variety . 543 


Fr. 

Pcriicken Sumach, Ger. 


2 foliis variegatis ft 


Scotino, Ital. 


II. AZA v Ryl R. et P. * - 544 


ii. Sumach Dec. M 1 ^ 55O 


THE A/AHA. 


2. typhina L. % N. America - 550 


1. dentata It. ct P. * Chili f. 220. 544 


The Fever Rhus. 
R. virginidna Bauh. 


The tooth-leaved Azara. 


Virginian Sumach, Stag's Horn Stumach. 


2. integrifolia R. ct P. * Chili - 544 


Varieties - 550 


The entire-leaved Azara. 


2 arborscens Willd. 


App. I. Other Species of Homalinucece. 544 


3 frutescens SI 


Blackwell/rt nopal^nsis Dec. 
Astranthus cochinchinensis Lour. 


3. viridiflora Poir. N. America 551 


Nrill/// thvrsiflbra D. Don. 
N. rubiflbra D. Don. 


The green-flowered Sumach. 
R. canadthise Mill. 



xl 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

4. glabra L. * N. America f.225. 551 
The glabrous Sumach. 

Varieties - - 551 

1 hcrmaphrodita * 

R. glabra Willd. 

2 dioica Lam. * 

3 cocci nea * 

R. carolinianum Mill. 
R. Elegant Ait. 

5. piimila Michx. 3fe N. America 552 

The dwarf Sumach. 

6. vernicifera Dec. Japan - 552 

The Varnish-yielding Sumach. 
Site, Urus, Japanese. 
R. vernix L. 
R. \uglandifbUum Wall. 

7. venenata Dec. * N. Am. f. 226. 552 

The poisonous Sumach. 
R. vernix L. 

Toxicodendron pinndtum Mill. 
Poison Sumach, Swamp Sumach, Poison 
Elder. 

8. Coriaria L. & South Europe 

fig. 227, 228. 553 

The hide-tanning Sumach, or Elm-leaved Su- 
mach. 

9. copallina L. * N. Amer. f. 229. 554 

The Gum Copal Rhus, or Mastich-tree- 
Icaved Sumach. 



Variety 
2 leucantha Jac. 



- 554 



10. radicans L. JL * North America 
fig. 230. 555 

The rooting-branched Sumach. 

R. Toxicodendron var. at, Michx. 
R. Toxicodendron var. ft Torrey. 

Varieties. 

1 vulgaris 1 - - 555 

R. Toxicodendron vulgare Pursh. 
Toxicodendron vulgare, and T. vo- 
lubile Mill. 

2 voliibilis 1 555 

Toxicodendron volubile Mill. 

3 microcarpa JL * 555 

R. Toxicodendron microcarpon Ph. 



11. Toxicodendron L. 



N. America 
fig. 23 1.556 



The Poison-tree Sumach. 

R. Toxicodendron quercifdlium Michx. 

Toxicodendron pubescens Mill. 

R. T. serrdtum Mill. 

Poison Oak, Poison Nut, Poison Vine. 



iii. Thezera Dec. - 556 
1 2. pentaphylla Desf. 3fe Sicily - 556 

The five-leaved Sumach. 



557 



13. zizyphina Ait. 5* Sicily 

The Zizyphua like Sumach. 

JU.imntM Mparlila Ucria. 



$ iv. Lobddium Dec. & - 557 

14. suaveolens Ait. & Carolina - 557 

The sweet-scented Sumnch. 

MyHca trifolidta Hortul. 
Toxicodtndro* crenalum Mill. 



15. aromatica Ait. & 
The aromatic Sumach. 



N.America 5 f )l 



App. i. Other Species of Rhus. - 557 



R. lobata Hook. 
R. acuminata Dec. 

R. Amela D. Don. (R. Bucku-Amela H. B.) 
R. bahame*nsis G. Don. 
R. Oxyacantha H. B. 
R. oxyacanthOldes H. B. 
R. dioica G. Don. 
R. heterophvlla 



III. DUVAUM Kunth. 

THB DUVAUA. 

Schlnus Andr, 
Amyris Cav. 



- 558 



1. dep^ndens Dec. J Chili fig. 232. 559 



The droop ing-branched Duvaua. 
Amyrit poljgama Cav. 
ScAinu* dependent Ort. 
Duvaiia dependent a Hook. 

2. ovata Lindl. 3fe Chili 

The ovate-feared Duvaua. 

3. latifolia Gill * Chili 

The broad-leaved Duvaua. 
D. dependent y Hook. 

4. dentata Dec. m Chili 

The toothed-feared Duvaua. 
Schinu* dentata Andr. 



559 
fig. 243. 559 

559 



App. i. Other Species of Duvaiia. 560 
App. I. Other Species of Anacardiacece. 560 

Sdbia parvifl6ra Wall. 
S. campanulata Wall. 

Schlnus MHUi L. 3fc Brazil fig. 234. 

S. M. 2 ArtAra L., S. Hujjgan Mol., and S. virgata Stvt. 

Triceros cochinchin^nsis. 

Heteroddndron oleacftlium Detf. 



C. pulverulgntum. 



m L. 



Burseraceae Kunth. - 56 1 



fig. 235. 561 
- 561 



Balsamode'ndron gileade"nse 

Amyrii gileadi'nni L. 
Canarium Pimela KBmg. 
Fagastrum G. Don. 



Amyi'iddcece Lindl. 



Amjris tozffera WiUd. 
A. baltamtfera L. 
A. floridana Nvtt. 



Leguminacece. 



. _i * 



561 

5C1 
561 



561 



Sect. I. SOPHO^REX. If * - 563 

I. SOPHCfRA R. Br. * - 562, 563 
THE SOPHORA. 



CONTENTS. 



Xli 



l'Ke 
563 



- 563 



565 



I. japonica L. Japan pi. 73, 74. 

The J-ipan Sopliora. 
S. sinica Ros. 

r<irinties 

2 variegata Hort. 

3 pendula Hort. $ pi. 75. 

II. VIRGI'LLIL.* 

THE VIRGILIA. 



I. lutea Miclix. N. Amcr. pi. 76. 565 

The yellow -wooded Virgilia, or Ycl/mr Wood. 



III. PIPTA'NTHUS Swt. - 566 

THE PIPTANTIII s. 

Thermopsis D. Don. 
Anagyrfs Wall. 
Baptisia Hook. 

1. nepalensis Swt. * Nepal 237, 238. 566 

The Nepal Piptanthus. 

Thernu'ipsis laburnifdlia D. Don. 
Anagyris indica Wall. 
Baptisia nepalensis Hook. 

App. I. Half-hardy Species of Sophorese. 567 

SopHora velutina Limit. 

S. toinento-ia Hook. (S. occidentalis Lintll.) 

Edwardsiu chil^nsis Jtf ie rs ( Sophnra macrocarna Smith), {. 239. 

E. grandiflora So/. (Sophhra tetraptera Xif.) f. 24D 

K. microphylla S.il. (Sophiini microphylla AH.) (. 241. 

E. invriophylla H'tind. (E. minima iorfd. Co/.) 

E.chrysophylla.S'a/. 

Cyclopia fenistoldes R. Br. (Gompholobium maculatum Bot. 

Podalyria sericea fl Br.(Kophiira sericca Bot. Rep.) f. 242. 

Chonizema Henchmannii R. Br. f. 243. 

Podololuum trilobatum H. Br. f. 244, 245. 

Oiyl6bium arbor^scens . Br. f. 246. 

Callistschys ovata Sims. 

Urachvsema latifolium R. Br. f.247. 

tiomuhol6bium grandiflorum Smith. 

Burtonia R. Br. 



Sphicrolobium vimineum Smith, f.251, 

S. medium. 

A6tus mcaides G. Don. f. 253. 

Dillwynia KlaWrrima Smith, f. 2M, 256. 

EuUria wyrtifolia R. Br. f. 2.04. 

E. puiifjens Srrt. 

Sclerothamniis microphvllus R. Br. 

(i istn.lobium Mlobum A'er. 

Euchilus ol>cordatus R. Br. f. 258. 257. 

PultenaeVf stricta Bot. Mug. f. 259. 

lMvii->i, latitolia R. Br. f. 2'il. 

Mirbelirt reticulata Smith, f. 260. 



Sect. II. /,OTEyE. 



IV. C7^LEX L. 

THE FI:KZE. 



- 571 



- 571 



, Fr. 
ecksaame, Ger. 



1. europae^a L. & Europe f. 262, 263. 571 

The European Fur/e 

Genista spfndsa L'Obel. 
U. trtmafabnu Pour. 
11. verndlis Thore. 
Whin, Gorse, Prickly Rnwnn'. 
Ajonc commun, jonc marfn, Jomarin, 
Gent tpineux Fr. 



Varieties 
2 flore pleno 
provincialis. 
stricta. 



- 571 



2. nuna Forst. 



Pa K e 



The dwarf Furze. 

U. minor Roth. 

U. europ<E"us & Liu. 

3. provincialis Lois. 
The Provence Furze. 



Britain 

fig. 264, 265. 575 



France - 575 



4. stricta Mackay. m Ireland 
The upright-growing Furze. 
U. hibtmica Don. 
U.fastt'giata Hort. 



- 575 



V. STAURACA'NTHUS Link. * 576 

THE STAURACA'NTHUS. 
UVte Brot. 
Leajtess Furze. 

1. aphyUtu JUfdt. Spain 

The leafless Stauracanthus. 
U^lex genista ides Brot. 
U. mltis Hort. 

VI. 5PA'RTIUM Dec.* 

THE SPANISH BROOM. 
Spartidnthus Link. 
Genista Lam. 
Gew/ d'Espagne, Fr. 
Binsenartige Pfriemen, Ger. 

1. junceum Z/. * South Europe 

The Rush-like Spanish Broom. 
Genista juncea, I /am. 
G. odorata Mcench. 
Spartidnthus junceus Moench. 

Variety 
flore pleno * 

VII. GENI'STA 



THE GENISTA. 



- 576 



- 576 



- 575 



. 576 



- 577 



Genista and Spdrtium,spcc., L. 
Gi, Fr. 
Ginster, Ger. 

1. narviflora Der. a Levant - 578 

The small-flowered Genista. 

S par tium parv Sflorum Vent. 

2. clavata Poir. 



Spain 



- 578 



The club-shaped-calyxed Genista. 

Spdrtium tcrfceum Vent., not of Ait. 



3. candicans L. * Levant fig. 267. 578 

The whitish-SM;/rtcrrf Genista. 
Cylisus candicans L. 
Cytisu* pubtscens Moench. 

4. triquetra Ait. * Spain fig. 268. 578 

The trianiilar-,s7rw7Hfd Genista. 
G. triquara Lam. ? 



5. hiac-tcolata Lh. tt _ I 

The bracleolated Genista. 

6. umbellate Poir. * _J 

The umbellate-flowered Genista. 
Spdrtium umbelltitum Desf. 



- 579 
Barbary - 579 

- 579 



Variety & _l 
2 capitata Dec. .* 



7. lusitanica L. & Portugal - 579 

The Portugal Genista. 
d 



CONTENTS. 



8. (l.)radiataSco/>. * Italy f. 269. 519 

The ra\w\-t>runcttfil Genista. 
Spdrthtm rudiatum L. 



26. tinctoria L. * Europe f. 276. 583 

The Dyer's Broom, or Green Jl\-ed. 

Base Broom, Green Weed, Dyer's Wad, 



G. ili't'nsis Dalech. 


Wood-tocuten. 




Genet des Temturiers, Genet de Sibe'ric, 


9. ephedroides Dec. & Sardinia - 580 

The Ephedra-like Genista. 


Fr. 
Farbender Ginstcr, Ger. 




Varieties j* - - 583 


10. triacanthos Brot. ft Portugal 580 


2 latifolia Dec. j* 


The three-spined Genista. 
G. rostrata Poir. 


3 hirsuta Dec. j 


Variety Sit - -580 


4 prat^nsis Poll. ** 


2 interrupta Dec. ^t 


27. (t.) sibirica L. & Siberia - 584- 


1 1 . horrida Dec. & Pyrenees - 580 


The Siberian Genista. 
Genistblc/es elata Mcench. 


The horrid Genista. 
Siiiirlium hiirriilum Vahl. 


G. tinctMa var. N. Du Ham. 


G. eriiuicea Gilib. 

12. sylvestris Scop. & Austria - 580 


28. (t.) tetragona Besser. jm Podolia 584 

The quadrangular-fci-anrAfd Genista. 


The Wood Genista. 




G. hitpdniea Jacq. 


29. (t.)/>olygalasfolia Dec. Tort. 584 


13. Scorpius Dec. ft Europe - 580 
The Scorpion Genista. 
Spdrtium Scorpitis L. 


The Milkwort-leaved Genista. 
G. |x>/ W /,r ulnjlla Brot. 
G. eroSito Link. 
G. tindbria lutitiinica nulxima Toum. 


G. spiniflorci Lain. 




Scorpion Furze, Gerard. 


30. (t.) florida L. * Spain - - 584 




The florid Genista. 


14. hispanica L. j* Spain - - 581 

The Spanish Genista. 
Spanish Furze, Hort. 


31. mantica Poll. * Italy - - 584 

The Mantuan Genista. 


15. anglica L. -* Europe f. 270. 581 

The English Genista, or Petty Whin. 
G. minor Lam. 


32. ovata Waldst. & Hungary - 584 

The ovate-leaved Genista. 
G. nervcita Kit. in Litt. 


16. germanica L. * Europe f. 271. 581 


33. patula Bieb. & Tauria - - 584 


The German Genista. 


The spreading Genista. 


Scdrpius spinosus Moench. 
V6gler& spinosa Fl. Welt. 


34. triangularis Willd. M Hungary - 584 

The triangular-stomnerf Genista. 


Variety ft - - - 581 


G. iriquetra Waldst., not of Ait. 


2 inermis Dec. 3lt. 




17. purgans L. & France - - 581 


35. sagittalis L. ^ Europe, fig. 277. 585 

The arrow -jointed Genista. 


The purging Genista. 


G. herbucea Lam. 


Spdrtium purgans L. 


Geniste'lla racemdsa Moanch. 


18. sericea Wulf. -* Austria - - 581 


Saltzwedelia, sagittalis Fl. Wett. 


The silky Genista. 


Variety * - 585 


19. humifusa L. Jc Levant - - 582 


2 minor Dec. ^ 


The trailing Genista. 


36. difFusa Willd. * Italy - - 584 


20. aphylla Dec. ft Siberia - 528 
The leafless Genista. 
Spdrtium aphyllwm L. 


The diffuse Genista. 
G. humif,,,a Wulf. 
Spdrtium procumbent Jacq., not of Ait. 


G. virgdta Lam. 


37. prostrata Lam. Jc France fig. 278. 585 


21. monosperma Lam. & Mediterranean 
fig. 272. 582 


The prostrate Genista. 
G. pendiculuta L'Herit. 
G. decumbcns Dur. Bourg. 


The one-seeded Genista. 


G. HuUeri Reyn. 


Spdrtium monospermum L. 




G. Rae v tam Forsk. 


38. procumbens Waldst. et Kit. -* 


22. sphaerocarpa Lam. & S. Europe 582 


Hungary - 585 


The round-fruited Genista. 
Spdrtium pharocdrpon L. 


The procumbent Genista. 


23. aethnensis Dec. & Etna fig. 273. 582 

The Mount Etna Genista. 


39. pilosa L. -* Europe - fig. 279. 586 

The hairy Genista. 


Spiirtium tethnSnse Biv. 


G. repens Lam. 


Spdrtium ttuptrmum Smith. 


Genistbides tubcrculula Moanch. 


24. scariosa Viv. ^ Naples - - 583 

The ^carious-margincd-leaved Genista. 
G. janu<?nt,t Viv. Cat. 


40. pilocarpa Link. -* - 586 


The hairy-fruited Genista. 


Q.genutfruuPers. 




25. anxantica Ten. -* Nap. f.274, 275. 583 

The Anxantic Genista. 


App. i. Hardy Species of Genista not yet in- 
troduced. - - 586 


G. amsdiitic.a Tenore. 


Spdrtium mdlle Cav. 



CONTENTS. Xllll 


Page 


Page 


(J. patens Ore. 


S ii. LoMrmtM Dec. at - 59O 


SoJrtiumpi/eruCay. 
G. jessilitolii />.. . 
(V. L-.i-parrina Gut*. 


J 

2. Z/aburnum I/. * Europe f. 77. 590 


t>. .u-anthorl.ula Dec. 

U Lulli-li' I >!<-. 


The common Laburnum. 


Sftitrfium frinaceOidei. 


C. alpinus Lam. 


' 1>dr <V. miV,-. ';, ',i///" 'Moris. 
G. Sal/.manni Dec. 


Bean-t rcfoile Tree, and Peascod Tree, 
Gerard. 


(i. vmlifll itn Sal/in. 


Pea Tree, Scotch. 


G. rtspalathiiides 7.,im. 


Golden (.'ha in. 




L'Aubours, Faux E'btnier, Arbois or Arc 


Smfrtfum hrtcrph,jllum L'Herit. 
S;i,irfim feriu: Desf. 


Bois, Fr. 
(icmeine Bohnenbaum, Ger. 


G. Cupani t.uss. 
Ar.ii-i/i triptujlla Cup. 


Varieties t - 590 


e.ln^tmG.iwT 

Sjx/rtitim tnJVUum Guss. 


2 fluercifolium Hort. *i pi. 78. 


G. hirsiua r,i',/. 


C. L. incisum. 


rur. '<! i-uspidata Dec. 
.I oritntalis Dec. 


3 pendulum jffbr#. 


G. algarbi^nsis Brut, 
ii. hir.in(<t var. 6 ? algarbitnris Dec. 


4 foliis variegatis 


"SpdrHtan tricuspidatum Cav. 
G. eibraltarica, Dec. 


5 purpurascens Hort. 
C. L. purpiireum Hort. 


G. faleata Broi. 


C. Adami Poir. 


,i Dec. 


C. L. coccineum Baum. 


Spdrtium cifrticum Lois. 




G. ramosissima Poir. 




Spdrtium ramotfuimum Desf. 
G. cinerea Dec. 


3. (L.) alpinus Mill. * Alps pi. 79. 591 


S,,<ir/;,,m cinerfum Vill. Prosp. 
G. scoii&ria Vill. Dauph. 
G..//,irirfa Asso. 


The Alpine, or Scotch, Laburnum. 
C. "Laburnum /3 Ait. 
C. angustifdlium Moench. 


G' bractcvltiia Willd. 


C. laburnum var. lati/dlium Pers. 


G. multicaulis Lam. 
G. tenuifolia Loit. 
G. depressa /!i. /,. 
G. Perrevmiindi Lois. 


Cystise des Alpes, V Aubours, Fr. 
Alpen Bohnenbaum, Ger. 
Maggio pendolino, Ital. 


G. pulchVlla Vitiani. 
G. tridentata I.. 


Variety - 591 


G. albida irilltt. 
G. micrantha Ort. 


2 pendulus ^ pi. 80. 


G. ? heteroph<lla Dec. 
Cijtiii<s'heteroph</llus La Peyr. 
O. angulata G. Don. 


4. nigricans L. & France f. 283. 593 


App. ii. Half-hardy Species oj Genista. 


The black Cytisus. 


*t_l' __ J - - 588 

G. canariensis f.. * 1 1 


5. sessilifolius L. * Fr. f. 284, 285. 594 


S;,.irfim ulhicnm Cav. 
Cijtisiu iMinifuliitiu Lois. 


The sessile-leaved Cytisus. 


<.'i/tisus rnmiisi'ssimvi Poir. 




G. finifolia L. * 1 f. 280. 
Sprfrfi/iwi ]inif"/i,,m Desf. 


6. triflorus L'Herit. & South Europe 


Ci/thiislinifotins Lam. 
Genitt'iides \inifolia Mrcnch. 
G. bifU.ra Dec. 
S;ir/i,,m hi/llirimt Desf. 
G. microphylla Dec. 


fig. 286. 594 

The three-flowered Cytisus. 
C. viUosus Pour. 


S;,.(',7iwm micro;)/, i/7/inn Cav. 




G. trldens Cau. 


7. mollis WiUd. it - - 595 


G'. vi^ata 1 Dir.^i"??81. 


The soft Cytisus. 


^ii'it-fiui-i vtretUwn Ait. 




'M Poir. 
CUHtMl /eer Jacq. 


8. patens L. * Portugal - 595 


G cuspitl*'- 
Sj,<jV<;,,,i cuspidt'itum Burch. 


The spreading Cytisus. 




C.pendullnus L. Fil. 


!um eon#eWi(m Willd. 


Genista tomentbsa Poir. 


,ta Her. 
<;. srandens /x,i*. 


Spar Hum patens L., not of Cav. 


VIII. CY'TISUS Z)ec. * * 1 i-J 


9. grandiflorus Dec. & Portugal - 595 


j* Jc - - -588 
THE Cvnsrs. 


The great -flowered Cytisus. 
S;>Xm grawl\Jli>rum Brot. 


Cytisus and Spdrtium, spec., L. 
and Lam., &c. 


10. scoparius Link. * Europe f. 287. 595 


Ct/fist'. 1 'r. 


The common Broom. 


liiilnncnbaum, Ger. 


Spar Hum scopuri'um L. 


i. Alburnmdes Dec. - 589 


>sla sroparia Lam., not of Vill. 
(.'>( //Ififa liirsuttt Mcench. 


1. albus Irf'w/t. * Levant fig. 282. 589 

The white Cytisus, or Portugal Hi-inun. 
Genista alba Lam. 


(ii'iit't a Balais, Genet commun, Fr. 
Gi-tneine Pfriemen, Ger. 

Varieties & - 595 


Spi'irtiutn album Desf. 


2 albus Hort. 


Hpiir.'iitHi iniittijiuntm Ait. 
Sfn'irlium tlisi>-'i innni Mtench. 


3 flore pleno Hort. ai 


/ )nultijh>ra N. Dii Ham. 




Spar tin in i'. il-iirs blandies, Fr. 
) i/.v.vr I'j'i-ioncn, Ger. 


iii. Calycotome Link, at 361 597 


Variety & - 590 


11. spinosus Lam. & S. Europe - 597 


2 incarniitus * 


Th spiny Cytisus. 




* d 2 



xliv 



CONTENTS. 



1 2. lanigerus Dec. 



Page 

S. Europe 597 



i Desf. 
It/ciVame villbta Link. 



Variety 34 I 
2 rigidus Dec. 31 | 



- 597 



iv. Tubocytisus Dec. a j jt 598 

13. leucanthus FTa/<ta. rt A#. Austria 

fig. 288. 598 
The white-flowered Cytisus. 

14. purptireus Scop. -* Austria 

fig. 289, 290. 598 
The purple-flowered Cytisus. 

Variety Jc 598 

2 flore albo Hort. ^ 

15. elongatus Waldst. et Kit. * Hun. 598 

The elongated Cytisus. 

16. multiflorus LindJ. * Europe 599 

The many-flowered Cytisus. 

C. elongdtus Hort., not of Kit. 
C. elong&tus $ multifldrus Dec. 

17. falcatusWaldst. et Kit. & Austria 599 
The sickle-like-podded Cytisus. 

18. austriacus L. * Austria f. 291. 599 
The Austrian Cytisus. 

19. supinus Jacq. * Europe f. 292. 599 

The supine Cytisus. 
C. lotoides Pour. 

20. hirsutus L. a Hungary - 599 

The hairy Cytisus. 

C. supmus Bertol. 

C. trifldrus Lam., not of L'Herit. 

C. Tournefortiaa.ua Lot's. 

21. capitatus Jacq. & Italy - 600 

The headed-flowered Cytisus. 
C. hirsiitiis Lam. 
C. supinus L. 



22. ciliatus Wohl. * 

The cittAted-podded Cytisus. 



- 600 



23. polytrichus Bleb, j* Tauria - 600 

The many-haired Cytisus. 

v. Lotoides Dec. - - 600 

24. argenteus L -* France - 600 

The silvery Cytisus. 

"Lotus argcntcus Brot. 

25. calycinus Bieb. -* Caucasus - 601 

terge-calyxed C 
C. paucifldrus 



The targe-calyxed Cytisus. 
sAVilld. 



26. nanus Willd. ~* Levant fig. 293. 601 
The dwarf Cytisus. 

vi. Chrondnthus Dec. * - 601 

27. orientalis Lois. & Levant - 601 

The Oriental Cvtihus. 

C. orimiatit, \e ., Gerald and Vail. Herl.. 



Page 

App. i. Hardy Species of Cytisus not yet 
introduced. - - 601 

C. arbdreus Dec . 

Spdrtium arltiretim Desf. 

(jenfsta vdndula Poir. 
C. W^ldent Visiani. 
C. albidus Dec. 
C. bitldrus L'Htfrit. 

C. tujiinia Jacq. 

C. UnSm Gmel. 

C. /nrsutus and C. tuplnut Bieb. 

C. macroipfrmu* Begs. 
var. 2 glaber L. 

3 subspinsrens. 
C. serdtinus Kit. in Litt. 
C. pyginffi'us Willd. 
C. ponticus Willd. 

C. pfnticu* hiimifiitus nutgno fibre. 
C. canteens Low. 
C. africanus Lot*. 

C. africhniu hirsittus angttstifdliut. 
C. procerus Link. 

Spiiriium proctrum. 
C. ? persicus Bttrm. 

Spdrtium ptrricum. 

App. ii. Half-hardy Species of Cytisus. 

m LJ - 602 

C. proMferusI,.*tLj fig. 20. 

C. pkllidus Poir. 

C. nuWgenus Link. *t ( | 

iyiirHum nubigenwn Ait. 

C. tupraniibium L. Fil. 

C. frdgrans Lam. 
C. bracteolatus Hort. 
C. tetragondcladus Hort. 
C. racem6sus Hort. 

App. iii. Anticipated hardy and half-hardy 
Species of Cytisus. - 602 



IX. ADENOCA'RPUS Dec. A *i_J 603 

THE ADENOCARPCS. 
Ctftisus. 
Spdrtium. 
Genista. 



un 



- 603 



1. hispanicus Dec. * S 

The Spanish Adenocarpus. " 

Ctftisus hispanicus Lam. 
Cytisus Anagi)ris L'Herit. 



2. intermedius Dec. * Port. f. 295. 603 

The intermediate Adenocarpus. 
Cytisus complicatus Brot. 

3. parvifolius Dec. & France f. 296. 603 

The small-leaved Adenocarpus. 

Ct/tisus parvffdlius N. Du Ham. 
Cffftsus divarictttus L'Herit. 
Cytisus complicatus Dec. 
Spdrtium complicutum Lois. 

4. telonensis Dec. & Pyren. f. 297. 604 

The Toulon Adenocarpus. 

Cytisus telonensis Lois. 
Spdrtium complic&tum Gouan. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of Adenocarpus. 
Hi 1 - 604 

A. frankeniozrfe* Chois. * | _ | 

Genista viscdsa Willd. 
A. foliolbsus D^c. *i_J 

Cytisus foliolbsus Ait. 



- 604 

- 604 



X. ONO'NIS L. afejt^_i.i_j._j 604 

THE RESTHARUOW. 

Andnis and Matrix Mcench. 
Arrcte-liceuf, Bugranc, Fr. 
Hanechel, Ger. 



CONTENTS. 



xlv 






Page 

frutieosa L. * Europe fig. 298. 604 

The shrubby Hestharrow. 

Variety 34 - 605 

2 microphylla Dec. & 
O. frutieosa Asso. 



rotundifolia L. 

The 



Alps 

md-leavitl Restharrow. 

( ).//;/ ;>/;,/ ASM). 

N<rir rotunJifbHa Mcench. 



Variety 
2 aristata Dec. 



fig. 299. 605 



- 605 



Carinthia 605 



3. (r.) tribracteata Z)ec. 

The three-bncted-culyjxd Restharrow. 
( ). rutuiulifhlia L. 

4. Matrix Dec. j -J Europe fig. 300. 605 

The Goat -root Restl'arrow. 

Xiitrix jiinguis Alcench. 



5. arenaria Dec. j* 

The Sand Restharrow. 

Antmit apinis ciirens li/tai minor 

6. cenisia L. Jtt France 

The Mount Cenis Restharrow. 
O. cristate Mill. Diet. 

Variety -** 
2 subaristata Dec. J* 
O. ce;ifri Asso. 



France - 606 

agn. Bot. 

- 606 

- 606 



Spain - - 606' 



7. aragone*nsis Asso. 

The Aragon Restharrow. 
E.'dumbta Lapejr. 

App. i. Other suffruticose Species of Onbnis. 
.i_l . J - - 606 

O. peduncularis Lindl. fig. 301. 

O. crispa L. 

O. hispanica 

O. vagin.Mis i. **- _ | 

O. arachnOidea Lapeyr. 

O. longifolia WillJ. O. | _ | 

O. falcata Willd. *L _ | 

O. ramosfssiina Detf. **- _ I 

O. tridentata L. *J- | _ | 

O. angustifolia Lam. **- | 

0. foe'tida Schoutb. 

XI. AMO'RPHA i. a * _J j. _J 606 

THE AMOKPHA, or Bastard Indigo. 
Bonafidia Neck. 

1. frutieosa Z/. ^ N. America f. 302. 607 

The shrubby Amorpha. 
n' i I, l' Indigo. 
Faux Indigo, Fr. 
Strauchartiger Unform, Ger. 

Varieties * - 607 

2 angustifolia Pnrsh. ;JI 

3 emarginata Pnrsh. & 

4 Lewisu Lodd. Cat. a 

5 ca;rulea 



1>. (f.) glabra 7>s/: a 

The glabrous Amorpha. 



N. America 607 



3. (f.) nana J\ T w^. j* J N. America 607 

The dwarf Amorpha. 

.-/. nricrojihjjlla Pursh. 

4. (f.) fragrans Swt. & North America 

fig. 303. 608 
The fragrant Amorpha. 

./. ninni Sims. 



Page 

5. (f.) crdceo-lanata Wats. * I 

North America - fig. 304. 608 

The Saffron-coloured woolly Amorpha. 

6. (f.) canescens Nutt. & -J N. Am. 608 

The canescent Amorpha. 
f A. pulwscens Pursh. 

XII. ROBI'N/vl L. * j* 609 

THE UOBIMA, or Locust Tree. 
Pscudacacia. 
Robinier, Fr. 
Robinie, Ger. 

1. Pseiid-Jcacia Z/iw. North America 

pi. 8 1,82. fig. 30a. 609. 
The common Robinia, or False Acacia 
JEschynomcne Pseudacucia Roxb. 
Pseudacdcia odordta Mcench. 
Locust Tree, Amer. 
The Bastard Acacia. 

Acacia blanc, Carouge des Americains, Fr. 
Gemeine Acacia, Schutendom, Ger. 

Varieties % - - 609 

2 flore luteo Dumont. *L 

3 inermis Dec. 3f 

4 crispa Dec. i 

5 umbraculifera Dec. *t pi. 83. 

R. inermis Dum. 

6 tortuosa Dec. pi. 84. 

7 sopAorafolia Xorfc?. Cat. 

8 amorphsefolia Z.A. 3f 

9 stricta ZA. 3f 

10 procera Lodd. Cat. % 

1 1 pendula Ort. * 

1 2 monstrosa Zorfrf. Ca#. X 

13 macrophylla Xorfrf. Ca<. 

1 4 microphylla Lodd. Cat. * 

R. angustifvlia Hort. 

15 spectabilis Dum. *t 

16 latisiliqua Prince's Cat. *E 

2. [ P.] viscdsa Vent. % North America 

pi. 85. fig. 336. 626 
The clammy-oa>vt* Robinia. 
R. glutindsa Curt. 
R. montdna Bartram. 
The Rose-flowering Locust. 

3. dubia Fouc. i Hybrid. - - 627 

The doubtful Robinia. 

R. hybrida Audib. 

fi. ambfgua I'oir. 

? fl. adkM/a Mill. Diet. 

R. intermedia Soulange-Bodin. 

4. hfspida L. & N. Amer. f. 307. 627 

The hispid Robinia, or Rose Acacia. 
R. rosca N. Du Ham. 
R. montdna Bartr. Voy. 
&.schyn<i>ncnc hispida Roxb. 

Varieties dk j - 6-28 

2 nana Z)ec. j* 

3 rosea Pursh. 9k 

4 macrophylla Dec. & pi. 86. 

R. grandifldra Hort. 

XIII. CARAGA^NA Lam. - ^ ^ 029 

THE CARAUANA, or Siberian Pea Tree 
Robinia S p. L. 



xlvi 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

1. arborescens Lam. t Siberia pi. 87. 629 

The arborescent Caragana. 
Roblnte Caragana L. 
C. sibirica Ray. 
Acacie de SibMe, Rebinie de St'Mrie, Arbre 

aux Pot's des Russes, Fr. 
Sibirische Erbscnbaum, Ger. 
Gorochoik, Russ. 

Varieties *t - 629 

2 inermis Hort. 5f 

2. (a.) Altagana Poir. * Siber. f. 308. 630 
The Altagana Caragana. 

Robinia. Altagana Pall. 
Caragana microphylla Lam. 

3. (a.) microphylla Dec. & Siberia 630 

The small-leaved Caragana. 

Robinia. microphylla Pall. 
Caragana Altagana var. Poir. 

4. (a.) Redowskz Dec. -* Siberia 630 

Redowski's Caragana. 

Variety J* - 631 

2 prae v cox Fisch. jot 

5. (a.) arenaria Donn and Sims. * 

Siberia - - fig. 309. 631 

The Sand Caragana. 

6. frutescens Dec. & Russia f.310. 631 

The shrubby Caragana. 
Robinia. frutescens L. 
C. digitdta Lam. 

Varieties flfe - 631 

1 latifolia * 

2 angustifolia * 

7. (f.)m611is Bess. JM Tauria - - 631 

The soft Caragana. 

RiMnia. m6llit Bieb. 
Robfnia. iomentbta Fisch. 
C.f.var.mdllitDec. 



8. 



;mae x a Dec. 

' 



Variety J* 
2 arenaria FiscA. j* 



9. spinosa Dec. & China 

The spiny Caragana. 

Robinia. spinbsa L. 
Robini&flrox Pall. 
Robinia. spinoslssima Laxm. 



Siberia f. 311. 631 

- 632 

- 632 



C.ftrox 



spnos 
Lam. 



632 



-633 



10. /ragacanthoides Poir. * Siberia 

The Goat's-thorn-like Caragana. 
Robima tragacantholdes Pall. 
Robinia. macrucantha Lodd. Cat. 

11. jubataPozr. j Siberia 

The crested Caragana. 
Robinizjubiita Pall. 

12. grandiflora Dec. s* Georgia - 633 

The great-flowered Caragana. 
Robinia. grandiflora Bieb. 

13. Chamldgu Lam. a China f.314. 633 

The Chamlagu, or Chinese, Caragana. 
Robinia Chamlagu L'Htrit. 



XIV. HALIMODE'NDRON 

634 
THE HALIMODENDRON, or Sail Tree. 

Halod^ndron Dec., not of Petit 
Thouars. 

1. arge'nteum Dec. & Siberia f. 315. 634 

The siivery-leaved Halimodendron. 
Robinia Haloaindron L. 
Caragana arg^ntea Lam. 

Varieties at 634 

1 vulgare Dec. 3fe 

2 brachysema Dec. St 

2. (a.) subvirescens Don. & Siberia 634 

The greenish Halimodendon. 
Robinia. tri flora L'Herit. 
H. argt'nteum /3 subvirescens Dec. 

XV. CALO'PHACA Fisch. * - 635 

THE CALOPHACA. 

Cyiisus Pall, and L. 
Colutea Lam. 
Adenocdrpus Spreng. 

1. wolgarica Fisch. afe Russia f. 316. 635 

The Wolga Calophaca. 

Cytisus nlgricans Pall. Itin. 
Cytisus pinnalus Pall. Fl. Ross. 
Cytisus wolgdricus L. 
Colutea wolgarica Lam. 
Adenocdrpus wolge~nsis Spreng. 

XVI. COLUTEA R. Br. * . 635 

THE COLUTEA, or Bladder Senna. 

1. arborescens L. at Europe f. 317. 635 

The arborescent Colutea. 
C. hirsiita Roth. 



2. 



3. 



(a.) cruentaAit. & Levant f. 318. 636 

The bloody -flowered Colutea, or Oriental Blad- 
der Senna. 

C. orientalis Lam. 
C. sangulnea Pall. 
C. dpfera Schmidt. 
C. humilis Scop. 



(a.) 
The 



media Wilkl. & Hybrid - - 635 

intermediate Colutea. 



4. (a.) haleppica Lam. * . 

The Aleppo Colutea. 
C. Pocockii Ait. 
C. Istria Mill. Diet. 
C. procumbens L'Herit. 



5. nepalensis Hook. 

The Nepal Colutea. 



XVII. 



Syria - 637 



Nepal f.319. 637 



637 



THE MILK VETCH. 



1. TYagacantha L. . S. Europe f.320. 637 

The Goat's Thorn Milk Vetch, or Great Goat't 
Thorn. 

A. massilidnsis Lam. 
A. creticus - g- 321. 63 

App. i. Other ligneous Species of Astragalus 
in Cultivation. - - 638 

A. alt air us Lodd. 
A. aristatus L'HKrit. - fiff. 322. 
A. breTif61iu Lodd. fig. 323. 
A. niassiltfnsU Lam. 

f A. Trnxnctintha var. with whiff Jlntvtri. 





CONTENTS. xlvii 




Pa 8 e ,. . ! K 


.\1>|>. ii. Hardif >'/><r<Y.s- f Astragalus not 


i-n-tu-u* /- t- 1 1 


yet introduced. - 


- 638 


unthylloides '<;/. . | | 
atropurpureu.-> /AT. tt- | | 


A. aboriginorum Richardt. 




-/...-l_l fig. 339. 


App. I. Sujfruticose hardy .S'/wr/rx l>,-fanging 
to the Tribe Lotto:, ft . a. i_J - 639 

Corycnium TVurn. * tt. tt- | | 


Carmichael/.i au^tralis H. Br. it | | - - 642 
Psora lea L. * ZU l 1 - - "42 
bituminosa /,. it (_J 
glandulcW /.. *l 1 fig. ."lit. 311. 
p.ib.-1-ens //,. * ZD 


sufftutic6sum Vill. tt. ( | 




plicata Drlil. 


Lii/uj Doriyr/iium L. 




olituMt'olia Dec. 


rectum Ser. tt- 




Indigufera L. it ( | tt. | 1 - 642 


</IM L. 




denudata Jacq. tt. | ) fig. 312. 


latifolium H -,-//,/. tt. 




amoe'na Ait. tt- 1 | 


liirMitum SIT. ft 




atropurp^rea Httmilt. it [ | 


!..'/. hirsiitut L. 




australis Willd. it ( | fig. 3 J3. 


tomentosum G. Dmi. A 
D. Hiisiitum vur. inainum Ser. 




sylvatica Ilieh. it , | 
/. anguliitit Hot. Reg. 






Swainsoma Salisb. * I | - - - 643 


App. II. Half-hardy ligneous 


Species of 


galejrifblia R. Br. it \ | fig. 344. 
coronilln-f61ia Salith. * | 1 


Lotece. it it ID ill 1 o. 


\ 1 1 


lessertur/Mui Dec. *t | | 


<Ui | .... 


- 639 


Lessertw Dec. tt. | J . 643 






frutic6sa Lind. - I | fig. 345. 


H6ve R. Br. * 1 1 
( VW llonp. * | | fig. 324. 


- 639 


Sutherland^ frutescens R. Br. it ( fig. 346. 6-i3 
microphylla Burch. it | 


Iatif61ia /,o<M. it \ | fig. 325. 






lanceolata Simt. it | | 
Plagioldbium Sivt. it\ | 


- 639 


Sect. III. //EI)YSA N RE^E. 


tlicifblium SIP. it | | 
chorozemiefolium Stvt. it \ ] 




XVIII. CORONFLLA Neck. & *_J 


Platylobium Sm. it [ | 


- 639 


643 


formosum Sm. it \ | fig. 326. 




THE CORONILLA. 


triangulare R. Br. it i 1 






BossiaAi Vent. ft I | 
ensata Sieh. it \ | 


- 640 


1. E'merus L. & S.Europe f. 347. 644 


microphylla Smith . ft 1 I 
Go<idi /otifolia Salish. ft I | 


- fig. 327. 640 


The Scorpion Senna Coronilla. 
E'merus mdjor Mill. Icon., t. 132. f. 1. 


pubescens Bot. Mag. it \ | 
polysperma Hot. Re t >. it \ 1 




E'merus minor Mill. Icon., t. 132. f. 2. 
C. pauciflbra Lain. 


Srdttin dentata R. Br. ft | | 
angu>tifolia Bat. Reg. it \ | 


fig. 328. 640 


2. juncca L. st France - f. 348. 644 


Templetonin glauca Simt. * 1 1 - fig 
Rdfnia Thunb. 


329, 330. 640 
- 640 


The rushy- branched Coronilla. 


triflora lint. Mag. fig. 331, 332. 






Vasc&n Dec. <* 1 | 


- 640 


App. i. Half-hardy ligneous Species of 


amplexicaulis Dec. it i 1 




Coronilla. it _J - - 644 


pertbliata Dec. ft I | 






BorboniVi L. ft 1 | - - 
crenata L. it i. ,1 


- 640 


C. stipularis Lam. it | fig. 349. 
C. ralentina L. 


Achyr6nia villosa Weadl. it | | 


- 640 


C. Mtpanica Mill. 


Liparia spha/rica L. it | | 


- 640 


C. pentai h<lla Desf. * 1 


Priestleya Dec. * 1 1 


- 640 


C. glauca L. it | fig. 350. 


vestita Dec. ft I | 




C. argntea L. it | 


Crotalaria * 1 1 


- 640 


C. multiflora Dec. it ( 


pulchella Andr. ft I | 
HypocaKptus obcordatus Thunh. ft | J 


- 640 


App. I. Hardy suffruticose Species of Hedy- 


Viborgia Spreng. it ( | - 


- 640 


sdreae. 3k - - 645 


obcordata Thunh. it \ ) fig. 333. 






CntaldrifJtoribAnda Bot. (Tab. 




Hed5sarum fruticosum L. 3fe - 645 


Loddigesi,; Sims. tt. | | 
mnlidifbO* Hot. MI<X. fig. 334. 
Dirhilus Dec. . . 


- 641 
- 641 


App. II. Half-hardy ligneous Species of 


Lebeckia Thunb. it \ | 


- 641 


Hedysurece. X? 1 3k it 13 *t_Jtt.l I 


M-pi.iria Thunh. it \ ] 




* ltt.H] - - _ . 645 


Sarrophyllum carndsum Thunh. it i 1 


fig. 335. 641 




Aspiilathus L. it ( | 
call&sa 1.. it | | fig. 336. 
RequiemVi Dec. .... 

sphffirosprrir .1 
/ImhvlUs L. it \ | tt. \ | tt. | 


- 641 
- 641 

. 641 


HmpocrepisbaleiricaJacj. ( fig. 351, 352. 645 
Adiiimia Dec. - . 645 
mlcrophS Ha H<>k. fig. 353, 354. 
Ix>uduni Hook. fig. 355, 356. 
viscosa dill, et Hook. fig. 357. 
uspallati'iisis dill. 


Btfrba J'ivi L. it \ | fig. 337. 




Uraria Dc.su. * | | . . 54.5 


Kii/ner./r/'// llni'lm Jfr/s l.mn. 
lidr/Mi Jfti-i.-, argfirofh^Ua Moench. 




arborea G. Don. * I | 

H/i/<" "' arbtirtum Haniilt. 


cytisoules L. tt- |_J 




Desmodium Dec. it 3 - 645 


Hermanni/r L. - I 
^spilathi Dec. tt. i ) 




retiisum G. Don. it 1 
Ili-(/i/jiri retiitum Hamilt. 


BjptfrfiMH cr/tiri.m. 

erinacea L. tt. | 
Genistir D/r. 
splendcns 'ill,!. 
indica Lour. 




Dic^rma flegans Dec. tL H] . .646 
He<(t)taruin elegant Lour. 
Ztfrnia tlegant Pen. 
Tavemiera Dec. tt. 1 | . 646 


sericea i.n<^. 




nummularia Dec. **- 1 1 


heterophylla L. 




Hedijtarum Olivet \ Spreng. 


Medicago L. * - 


- 642 


Lespedeza Michx. & - 646 


arborea /,. it fig. 338. 




fmtfecens Pert- SJt 


3/i-lilotm arbdrea duttuftnf in l.itt. 41 


- 642 


Flemmgia semialata Rorh. tt. 1^ . 646 



xlviii 



CONTENTS. 



S/benus erotica L. - 1 _ I 

AatliyllucrStica Lam. 
Alhitgi Maurorum TVm 



Page 

' C46 



. 

Alhajti m.i;iw;/er(i Di-sf. 
Onunu mni llasselq. 
Manna AVtoviica D. Don. 
camel6rum ^ 

Clianthus nuniceus Soland. ? % _l fig- 358. G46 

Ddnia. punlcea of G. and I). Don. 

Sect. IV. PHASEO'LE^E. _$Jc J.ZD SLl_J 647 

XIX. WISTA V R/^ Ntitt. -* -* - 647 

THE WISTARIA. 

Gl$cinr s/>. L. 
Thyrsunthus Elliot. 
Kraunhia Rafin. 

1. frutescens Ztec. _1 N. Amer. f. 359. 647 

The shrubby Wistaria. 

Glycine frutdscens L. 
A'piosfrutescens Pursh. 
Anunymus fruttecens Walt. 
JFw/aria spccidsa Nutt. 
Thyrsanthus ffutescens Elliot. 
Phaseoluides Hort. Angl. 
7%e Kidney bean Tree. 

2. chinensis Dec. - China f. 360. 648 

The Chinese Wistaria. 

Glycine chinensis Sims. 
Glycine sinfasis Ker. 
Wistaria. Conscguuna. London. 

App. i. Other Species of Wistaria. J: 648 

W. floribtinda Dec. -* - 648 

DuVicAo* pvtystuchi/iis Thunb. 
Glucine flonlniHild VVilld. 
DdHcftOT japtlniciu Spreng. 
FtfcW Kaempf. 

App. I. Sujfruticose hardy or half-hardy Spe- 
cies of P/iaseoletB. * _J - 649 

Lupinus arboreus Sinw. * _ I fig. 361. 

i. multiflbrus Dcsrout. H _J 

I,, albifrons Benth. 

L. MarshalliVoiiii Swt. fig. 362. 

/,. canaliculatus Sn><. * I I 

L. versirolor Snrt. * - 1 

L. pulchfellus Stvt. 

App. II. Half-hardy Species of Phaseolea;. 
*_=] t_l_J - - 649 

JDdHchos lignosus L. fc_ | _ | _ 
Pachyrhizus trflohus Dec. JL ^13 

TUlichos trdolnu I<our. 

Jfutiina macrocarpaWaW. J' | _ | fig. 363. 
Erythrina Crista-galli i. 1 ZD 
/aurifolia Joe?. 3> 
E. Crtsta-zdlH Hot. Reg. 

Set. V. CASSJE V ^ t, * -660 

XX. GLEDI'TSCH/^ L. ^ - 650 

THE GLEDITSCHIA. 

Ac&cia sp. Pluk. 
Filter, Fr. 
Gleditschie, Ger. 

l.triacanthosi. ^ N. Am. pi. 88, 89. 650 

The three-thorned Gleditschia, or Honey locust. 
G. triacdnthos var. a. polyspcrma Mart. 
G. meliloba W r alt. 
G. spinbsa Du Ham. 
Ac&cia triacdnthos Hort. 
Acacia americdna Pluk. 
Fevier d" 1 Amtrique, Fr. 
Thorny Acacia, Sweet Locust, United 

States. 
Carouge a Miel, Canada. 

Variety $ - - 650 

2 inermis Dec. *t pi. 90, 91. 
G. toVifo Hort. 



Page 

2. (t.) monosperma Walt. % N. America 

fig. 364. 653 

The one-seeded Gleditschia, or Water Locust. 
G. carolintnsis Lam. 
G. aqudtica Marsh. 
G. triacdntlia Gaert. 

3. (t.) brachycarpa Pursh. % North 

America - 653 

The short-fruited Gleditschia. 
G. triacdnthos fl Michx. 

4. sinensis Lam. China pi. 92. 654 
The Chinese Gleditschia. 

G. horridu Willd. 

Varieties. 

2 inermis 2V. Du Ham. pi. 93. 

G.japi'mica Lodd. 
G.javdnica Lam. 

3 major Hort. t - -654 

G. hdrrida major Lodd. 

4 nana Hort. - pi. 94. 654 

G. h. nana Hort. 

5 purpurea Hort. pi. 95. 654 

G. h. purpurea Lodd. 
Other Varieties - - 654 

5. (s.) macracantha Desf. China 

pi. 96. 654 

The long-spined Gleditschia. 
G.ferox Baudr. 
Fevier a grosses E' pines, Fr. 



6. (s.) ferox Desf. % China 
The teodotu-pncftfad Gleditschia. 
G. orienttilis Bosc. 
Fevier herisse, Fr. 



- 655 



7. caspica Desf. % Caspian - - 655 
The Caspian Gleditschia. 
G. caspiana Bosc. 

Variety % - 655 

2 subvir^scens Hort. *t 

App. i. Other Sorts of Gleditschia.. . 655 

G. micracamha Hort. Snc. Gard. 5f 
G. niHjui Hort. Soc. Gard. 
G. pvse'cox Hart. Soc. Gard. 
G. aquatica Lodd. 

G. monoiperma. 
G. orientalis Lodd. * 

G./eror. " 
G. indica Pert. fj 



XXI. GYMNO'CLADUS Lam. 
THE GYMNOCLADUS. 



656 



1 . canadensis Lam. 



Canada 
pi. 97, 98. 656 

The Canada Gymnocladus, or Kentucky Coffee 
Tree. 

Guilandlna. diotca L. 

Hifperanthera dioica Vahl. 

Kicker Tree, and Stump Tree, United 

States. 

Bonduc, Chiquier, Fr. 
Chicot, Canadian. 
Canadischer Schusscrbaum, Ger. 



XXII. (TE'RCIS L. * 

THE JUDAS TREE. 



- 657 



S iliqudttrmm Tourn . 
, Fr. 



CONTENTS. 



xlix 



1. Siliquastruin L. % Europe 

pi. 99, 100. 657 
The common Judas Tree. 

*;/,<{ u'istrum orbiculatinn Mocnch. 

Love Tree. 

Gainier commun, Arbre de Judee, Fr. 

Arbold'Amor, Span. 

Judasbaum, Ger. 

Varieties A - - 658 

2 parviflorum Dec. $t 

3 flore albido Hort. 

4 rosea Hort. 

2. canactensis L. % Canada pi. 101. 659 

The Canada Judas Tree. 

Siliqudstrum cord&tum Mcench. 
Red Bird Tree, Amer. 
Bouton Rouge, Fr. 

Varieties - - 659 

2 pubescens Ph. i 

3 Foreman's new variety. 



App. I. 



Half-hardy Species of the Tribe 
Cassieee. *Z] L_I - 660 



CaesalpininAit. 

lebbeckfiide* Dec. 
r,Wi< varia L'Htfrit. 
ZuccagniaCav. 

punctata Cat 1 . 

Cerat&nia Siliqua L. f, I I fig. 365, 366. 
Oastanosi>6rmum australe Cunningham. 
Cassia L. 

Barclays na Swt. * I _ I fig. 36". 

australis Hook. I _ | fig. 308. 

lanceolata - Zj 

oboviita 
Chamref istula Don't Mill. 

corjmbosa G. Don. * L_J fig. 370. 

Cdsiia corymbosa Lam. 
Schoua stipulata Ait. * ,3 

alata Thunb. * I _ I 

latifdlia Jacq. * HD R. 3C9. 

App. I. Other half-hardy ligneous Species of 
the Order Leguminticece. - 661 

i. Dalbergite. - - 661 

Drrris sericea G. Don 



Pterocarpus peltarius Dec. 
t ii. 



Mimtoe*. - 



glamtulosa Torrey 
Siliquastrum Dec. 

L*aonchium StephanMnum Bieb. Supp. 32 . 
Acacia SfcpTianiKna Bieh.Fl. Tour. 
JUinibsa mtcrdntha Vahl. 
Acacia Keck $Q il I * ZD * L 

1. Phyllodlnea-. *m il 
^. alata H. Br. l_J ? 371. 

A. armata . Br. * ( i <> 372. 

^.juniperina Willd. * L_J K-373. 

Mimota jumiu'rina Vent. 

lUimiua ulicifrlia Wendl. 

A. vcriidllata Sieb. 
>l. diffiisa A-O-. * (_J fig. 374, 375. 

A. proitrata Lodd 

4. strlcta JKi/W. * ( I fitf. 376, 377- 

A. /aurifoliaWilld- * 1 

Af imbsa timplictfblia L. 

A. melandxylon . Br. * I I fig. 378, 379. 

A. heteropMlla Willd. I I 

Mimata heterophijlla Lam. 
A. mmif 61ia Willd. * I I lig. 380. 

Slimbia myrtifblia Sm. 

A. lun.itn Lodd. 
A. suaveolens Willd. * I J fig. 381. 

Mimtna titavi-nleni Sm. 
A. Orjcedrus iiVA. * L_J fig- 381, 383- 

A. toxi/6/ia Lodd. 

A. vertirilHta Willd. *| 1 fig. 384. 

rar. 3 latifolil Dec. il 1 



- 661 



- 662 



2. L'oHjuguto-pinnutte. t 

gummffera WillJ. f I | 

coronillaf6lia Dttf. il ~~1 

pulchflla It. Rr. il ( | fig. 385, 31 

detinem Burch- il i J 

. TiridiramU Uurc/i. 



IL_]- .664 

/. lophantha WUld. uJ fig. 387. 

I. lophantlia Willd. * \ | fig. 387. 

Mimbta elegant IJot. Rep. 

A. cafra Willd. f \ | 

Mimtna c&fra Thunb. 

A. albida DeKl. ? | | 

4. Globifidrte. } , | - - 665 

(. farnesiana WUld. i I fig. 388. 

Mimdsa farnesidna L. 
Mmdsa scorpibtdes Forsk. 
Gazia, Ital. 
. Caventa Hook. 

Mimbta Caveniz Moll 

A. nlgricans R. Br. * (_j' fig. 389, 390. 
Mimtoa nfgricans Labill. 

I. strig6sa Link, il 1 | 

A. cilMta R. Br. 

A. glaiica WUld. il | | 

Mimbsa glauca L. 

A. LambertWna D. Don. * | j 

A. discolor Willd. il ( | 

A. angulata Deif. f_ I | 

A. pubescens R.Br. * | | 

A. Julibrusin Willd. % fig. 391. 
Mimdsa Julibrissin Scop. 
Mimdsa arbdrea Forsk. 

A. decCirrens Willd. il I I 

Mimdsa deciirrens Vent. 
A. mollissima Willd. il I fi 

A. deciirrrns var. ft nuMit 

A. millit Swt. 

A. dealbata Link, iit- J pi. 102. 

A. qffTm's Hor. 

T^e ^/acA Wattle Mimosa, Van Diemen'i 
Land. 

A. mollis JTo//. il H] 

App. II. Remarks on cultivating the half- 
hardy Leguminace< in British Gardens. 667 



Rosdcece Dec. 



Sect. I. ^MYGDA N LE^E 



67O 



- 671.673 



I. ^MY'GDALUS Town. S * 67 1.673 
THE ALMOND TREE. 

AmygdaViphora Neck. 
Amandier, Fr. 
Mandclbaum, Ger. 

nanalr.a Russia fig. 394, 395. 673 

The dwarf, or shrubby. Almond. 
PruwKS in4rmis Gmel. 
A. nana var. a. vulgarfs Dec. 
Zwerchemandel, Ger. 

Varieties. Sfe 

2 georgica Z?cc. * - - 67S 
The Georgian dwarf Almond. 

A. geurgica Desf. 

3 campestris Ser. . . 674 
The field dwarf Almond. 

A. campestris Bess. 
A. Bcsserihna, Schott. 

4 incana Pall. & 674 
The hozry-leaved dwarf Almond. 

? 5 sibirica Lodd. Sit - - 674 
The Siberian Almond. 

e 






CONTENTS. 



2. communis L. 



Page 

Mauritania pi. 103. 674 



The common Almond Tree. 
Varieties. 3k 

1 arnara Dec. - - 674 
The bitter-kerneled common Almond 

Tree. 

Amandier amer, Fr. 
Gemeine Mandelbaum, Ger. 

2 dulcis Dec. - 675 

The sweet-A-erwcfed common Almond 

Tree. 
Amandier d petits Fruits, Amande 

douce, Fr. 
Siisse Mandel, Ger. 

3 flore pleno Saum. Cat. ^ - 675 

4 fdliis variegatis Saum. Cat. *rj 675 

5 fragilis Ser. * - C75 
The brittle-*/i<>//erf common Almond Tree. 

A.fniftflit Hell. 

Amandier lies Damsi, N. Du Ham. 

Coque molle, Fr. 

Abellan, Provence. 

6 macrocarpa Ser. * - 675 
The long-fruited common Almond Tree. 

AttKittilirr u f?r(*s Fruits, N. Du Ham, 
Amandier Siil/tnir, Amandier dcs Dames, 
Amandier Pistachc, Fr. 

7persic61des Ser. * - G75 

The Peach-like leaved common Almond Tree. 
Other Varieties - - 675 

3. orientalis Ait. * Levant - - 679 

The Eastern Almond Tree. 
A. arge'ntea Lam. 

App. i. Other Species of hmygdalus. & 679 

A. TournefortzY Bosc. Ht 

A. cochinchinensis Lour. 

A. microphylla H. B. et Kunth. & 

II. PE'RSICA Tourn. Z & 671.679 
THE PEACH TREE. 

Amygdalus sp. L. 
Trichocurpus Neck. 
PScher, Fr. 
Pfirschenbaum, Ger. 

1. vulgaris Mill. Persia pi. 104. 680 

The common Peach Tree. 

Amygdalus Pdrsica L, 
Peche duveteuse, Fr. 
Pfirschc, Ger. 

Varieties. 5f Sk 

1 The freestone common Peach 

Tree. $ 
PSche, Fr. 

2 The clingstone common Peach 

Tree. 
Pavie, Fr.; 

3 flore pleno Hort. 

The double-flowering common Peach. 

4 alba Lindl Sfe 

The white-flowering common Peach. 

5 foliis variegatis Hort. 

The variegated-feawcd Peach Tree. 

6 compressa Hort. 3k f. 397. 
The flat Peach of China. 

2. (v.) lae'vis Dec. % Persia - 680 

llie smooth-skinned Peach, or Nectarine Tree. 
Amt/gdalus Yersica Lam. 
A.mygdalus Persica Ncctarlna Ait. 
Brugnon, PSche lisse, Fr. 

Varieties *t ... 680 

1 The freestone Nectarine. 
PSche lissc, Fr. 



2 The clingstone Nectarine. ^ 

Brugnon, Vr. 

III. ^RMENFACA Tourn. *t 671.681 

THE APRICOT. 

Prunus sp. L. and others. 
Abricotier, Fr. 
Aprikosenbaum, Ger. 

1. vulgaris Lam. Asia pi. 105. 682 

The common Apricot Tree. 
Prunus Armeniaca L. 

Varieties - - 682 

1 ovalifolia Ser. fig. 398. 
The oval-leaved common Apricot 

;Tree. 

2 cordifolia Ser. fig. 399. 
The heart-shaped-leaved common 

Apricot Tree. 

3 foliis variegatis Hort. 3f 

The variegated-leaved common Apri- 
cot Tree. 

4 flore pleno Hort. 

The double-blossomed common Apri- 
cot Tree. 

2. dasycarpa Pers. % f. 400, 401. 683 

The thick-fruited Apricot Tree. 
A. atropurpurea Lois. 
Primus dasycdrpa Ehrh. 
Primus Armeniaca nlger Desf. 
The black Apricot. 

Variety 3f - - 683 

2 persicifolia Lois, ^t f. 402 
The Peach-leaved thick-fruited Apri- 
cot Tree. 

3. (v.) sibfrica Pers. *t Siberia pi. 106. 683 

The Siberian Apricot Tree. 
frimus sibirica L. 

4. (v.) brigantiaca Pers. * Fr. f. 403. 684 

The Brian9on Apricot Tree. 

Prunus brigantiaca Vill. 



IV. PRU V NUS Tourn. * ^ 671.684 
THE PLUM. 

Prun6phora Neck. 

1. spinosa L. Europe pi. 107. 684 

The spiny Plum Tree, or common Sloe Thorn. 
P. sylv('-stris Fuch. 
Blackthorn. 
Prunier epineux, Pruncllier, E'pine noire, 

Mere-du-Bois, Fr. 
Schleadorn, Schlen Pflaum, Ger. 

Varieties ^ - 685 

1 vulgaris Ser. *t 

The common Sloe Thorn. 
P. spindsa Lois. 

2 foliis variegatis Ser. *t 

The variegated-leaved Sloe Thorn. 

3 microcarpa Wallr. 5f 

The small-fruited Sloe Thorn. 

4 macrocdrpa Wallr. * 
The large-fruited Sloe Thorn. 

5 ovata Ser. 

The ovate-leaved Sloe Thorn. 

6 flore pleno 

The double-flowered Sloe Thorn. 



CONTENTS. 



insitltia L. t Barbary pi. 108. 687 

The engrailed Plum Tret 1 , or Bnllace 1'lum. 
P. si/lv, 'xtris prii-^eor i/ltior Tourn. 
1'. sylvt'atris >n )r Kay. 
Prunier sauvagc, Fr. 
Kirschen 1'Jtnume, Ger. 



- - 687 

1 fructu nigro Hort. ft 

The black-fruited, or common, Bui- 
la cc. 

2 fructu liiteo-albo Hort. 

The yellowish-white-fruited Bui. 
lace. 

3 fructu ruhro Hort. ft 
The red-fruited Bullace. 

4 flore pleno Hort. ft 

The double-flowered Bullace. 

3. dornestica L. % S. Europe - 687 

The domestic cultivated Plum Tree. 
P. sutn'a Fuchs and Kay. 
Gemeine Pjtaunie, Ger. 

Varieties 688 

2 flore pleno Hort. ft 

The double-blossomed Plum. 

3 foliis variegatis Hort. *t 
The variegated-leaved Plum. 

4 inyrobalana L. ft pi. 109. 
The Myrobalan, or Cherry, Plum. 

P. Mffrdbalam Du Ham, 

P. mirobnlana Lois. 

P. ccrustfera Ehrh. 

Prunicr Myrobalan, Cerisctte, Fr. 

Kirschpflaume, Ger. 

Subvariety. * 

5 m. foliis variegatis N. Du 

Ham. 

The variegated-leaved Myro- 
balan, or Cherry, Plum. 

6 armenuJides Ser. . 

The Apricot-like Plum, or Drap d'Or. 

4. candicans BalbM ..... f. 404, 405. 690 

The whitish-leaved Plum Tree. 

5. Cocomilla Tenore. st Calabria - 691 
The Cocomilla Plum Tree. 

6. marftima Wangcnheim. ^ North 

America - 691 

The sea-sidQ-inhabiting Plum Tree. 



7. pubescens Pair. ^ 

The pubescent-/, -avcd Plum Tree. 



- 691 



8. ? divaricata Le d. *t Caucasus - 691 
The divaricate (? branched) Plum Tree. 



App. i. Other Species of Prunus. 



691 



P. microctfrpa Meyer- 
P. tomentusa Thumb. 
/>. cliiiiun-,is Ilium. 3f 
Dtlu-r Sj>tvie. 



V. CE'RASUS Juss. Z ~J f afe m <u 

672. 692 

THE CHERRY. 

Ctrasus and 'Laurocerastu Tourn. 
Vriinus sp. L. 

r, Fr. 
Kirxchc, Ger. 



Page 

i. Cerasophora Dec. Jk - 692 
The Cherries cultivated in Gardens. 

1 . sylve'stris Bauh. and Ray. t Europe 

pi. 110, 111. 693 

The wild black-fruited Cherry Tree. 
( '. iiriinti .MuMirli. 
C. w/ A ';-i_Mill. Diet., not of Ait. 
Vr <m us ai'iiun L. 
1'n'i >IHS (ivinm var. ec et & Willd. 
Vrimus nigricans and Frunus v&ria 

Ehrh. 
Gcan, Biearreau, Corone, Coroon, Small 

Black, Black Hertfordshire, Black Heart, 

Black Mazzurd, 

The Merry Tree of the Cheshire peasants, 
The Merries in Suffolk. 
Me'r/sier, Me rise grosse noire, Guignier, 

Bigarreauticr, Heaumier, Fr. 
Susse Kirsche, Ger. 

Varieties . 693 

1 Merisiers, or Merries. 

2 Guigniers, or Geans. 

C. Julidn& Dec. 

C. decumuna Delauny. 

3 Heaumiers. ft 

The Helmet-shaped Cherries. 

C. Juliana, var. heaumiana Dec. ' 
Variety of this race ttsedfor or- 
namental purposes : 
duracina 2 flore pleno Hort. * 
The double-flowered wild black 

Cherry. 
Mcrisier Renunculier, Fr. 

4 Bigarreau tiers. ^ 

The Bigarreau, or hard-fleshed Cher- 
ries. 
C. duracina Dec. 

2. vulgaris Mill. *t Europe pi. 112. 693 

The Common Cherry Tree. 
Vriinus Cerasus L. 
C. hortensis Pers. 
C. caproniana Dec. 
P. austera and P. ucida Ehrh. 
Cherry, Kentish or Flemish Cherry, Mo- 

rello, May Duke. 
Cerise de Montmorency, Cerise de Paris, 

Cerise a Fruits ronds, Cerise du Nord, 

Cerisicr, Griottier, Fr. 
Saure Kirsche, Ger. 

Varieties ft - - 694 

2 flore semipleno Hort. ft 

The semidouble-flowered common 
^ Cherry. 

3 flore pleno Hort. ft 

The double-flowered common Cherry. 

4 ^ersiciflftra Hort. 3f 

The Peach-blossomed common Cherry. 

5 foliis variegatis Hort. ft 

The variegated-leaved common Cherry. 

3. (v.) semperflorens Dec. ft ..'... 

pi. 113. 701 

The ever-flowering Cherry Tree. 
Prunns semperflorens Ehrh. 
Prilnus serotina Roth. 
The weeping Cherry, The Allsaints Cherry. 
Cerise de la Toussaint, Cerise de St. Mar- 
tin, Cerise tardive, Fr. 

4. serrulata G. Don. ft China f. 406. 701 
The serrulated-fcflwerf Cherry Tree. 

"Primus serrulata Lindl. . 
The double Chinese Cherry. 
Yung-To, Chinese. 

e2 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

5. Pseudo-CtJrasus Lindl. 3f China 

fig. 407. 701 

The False Cherry Tree. 

Prunus Pseudo-Ctfrasus Lindl. 
Prunus paniculdta Ker. not of Thunb. 

6. Chamaecerasus Lois. & Sib. f.408. 702 

The Ground Cherry Tree, or Siberian Cherry. 
C. intermedia Lois. 
Prunus intermedia Poir. 
Primus fruticdsa Pall. 
C. pumila C. Bauh. 
Chamcecerasusfruticbsa Pers. 

7. prostrata Ser. * Levant f. 409. 702 

The prostrate Cherry Tree. 
Prunus prostrata Lab. 
Amygdalus incdna Pall. 
Primus incana Steven. 

8. /Jersicifolia Lois. N. America 702 
The Peach-tree-leaved Cherry Tree. 

Priinus persicifdlia Desf. 

9. borealis Michx. ^ N. Amer. f.410. 703 

The North American Cherry- Tree. 
Prunus borealis Poir. 
The Northern Choke Cherry, Amer. 

10. puniila Michx. -* N.America 703 
The dwarf Cherry Tree. 

Prunus pumila L. 
C. glauca Moench. 
Ragouminier, Nega, Menel du Canada, 

11. depressa Ph. Jt North America 704 

The depressed, or prostrate, Cherry Tree. 

C. pumila Michx., not the Priinus pu- 
mila L. 
Prunus Susquehana; Willd. 

1 2. pygmse^a Lois. sJfc North America 704 

The Pygmy Cherry Tree. 
Prunus pygmafa Willd. 

13. nigraLow. Canada f. 411,412. 704 

The black Cherry Tree. 
Prunus nigra Ait. 
Priinus americana Darlington. 

1 4. hyemalis Michx. * N. America 704 

The winter Cherry Tree. 

Prunus hyemdlis Michx. 
The Black Choke Cherry. 

15. chicasa Michx. afe N. America 705 

The Chicasaw Cherry Tree. 
Prunus chicasa Pursh. 
Prunus insititia Walt. 
Chicasaw Plum, in Carolina. 

16. pubescens Ser. at N. America 705 
The pubescent Cherry Tree. 

Prunus pubtfscens Pursh. 

Prunus sphterocdrpa Michx., not of Swartz. 

17. pennsylvanica Lois. % N. America 705 

The Pennsylvanian Cherry Tree. 
Priintu ptnntylvdnica L. 
VrimuilanceolMa Willd. 

18. japonica Lois. 4fe Japan f. 413,414. 705 

The Japan Cherry Tree. 



Variety * 
2 multiplex Ser. 



- 7O6 
figs. 415, 416. 



Page 

19. sinensis G.Don. ^ China f. 417. 706 

The Chinese Cherry. 

frumu japinlca Ker. 

20. i-alicina G. Don. & China - 70 7 
The Willow-femurf Cherry Tree. 

Prnnus salicina Lindl. 
Ching-Cho-Lee, or Tung-Choh-Lec, Chi- 
nese. 

Species belonging to the preceding Subdivision, 
not yet introduced. 3fc -* 707 

C. Phdshia Hamilt. ^ 

Prunus ceraso'ides D. Don. 
C. Puddum Roxb. ffc 
C. glandulosa Lois. & 
C. aspera Lois. 3& 
C. incisa Lois, & 
C. hdmilis Moris. -* 



ii. Pddi veri Ser. _J - 707 

21. Mahdleb Mill. X South Europe 

pi. 114. 707 

The Mahaleb, or perfumed, Cherry Tree. 
Priinus Mahaleb L. 

Bois de Sainte Lucie, Prunicr odorant, 
Fr. 

Varieties X - 707 

1 foliis variegatis Hort. * 

2 fructu flavo Hort. 

3 latifolium Hort. 



22. Padus Dec. Europe pi. 115. 709 

The Bird Cherry Tree. 
Prunus Padus L. 
Bird Cherry, Fowl Cherry. 
Hag-berry, Scot. 
Cerisier a Grappes, Me"risier & Grappes, 

Laurier-Putier or Putiet, Faux Bois de 

Ste. Lucie, Fr. 
Hag-bier, Swedish. 
Traubeden Kirsche, Ger. 

Varieties *t - 709 

1 vulgaris Ser. *t 

C. P&dus Dec. 

2 parviflora Ser. 

3 rubra Ser. 

C. Padus fructu rubro Dec. 

4 bracteosa 5*er. - - 702 

23. virginiana Michx. % Virg. f. 418. 710 
The Virginian Bird Cherry Tree. 

Prunus rubra Ait. 
Prunus arguta Bigelow. 
Wild Cherry Tree, Amer. 

24. (v.) serotina Lois. 3f North America 

pi. 116. fig. 419. 712 

The late-flowering, or American, Bird Cherry 
Tree. 

Prunus serdtina Willd. 
Prunus virginiana Mill. 

Variety - 712 

2 retusa Ser. 

25. (v.) Capollin Dec. * Mexico 

fig. 420. 713 

The Capollin Bird Cherry Tree. 
Prunus virginiima Flora Mexic. 



CONTENT; 



liii 



26". (v. ) canadensis Lois. 3 

JThe Canadian Bird Cherrv Tree. 
FruniM citiitiJcniit Willd. 



Canada 



'. nepalensis Ser. 3f I Nepal 

The Nepal Bird Cherry Tree. 



Page 

713 



713 



Specic$ of Bird Cherry Trees which have not yet been 
introduced. ^ H - - 714 

C. paniculata Lois. 

Priinus paniculuta Thunb. 
C. acuminata Wall. $ 
C. mollis Dougl. % 
C. emarginata Dougl. & 
C. capriclda G. Don. 

The Goat-killing Bird Cherry Tree. 

Priinus capriclda Wall. 

Primus unduldta Hamilt. 

C. undulata Dec. 
C. elliptica Lois. 

Primus elliptica Thunb. 






iii. "Laurocerasi. 1 ii - 714 

I. lusitanica Lois. 1 Portugal 

pi. 117, 118. fig. 421. 714 
The Portugal Laurel Cherry, or common Por- 



al Laurel. 
Primus lusib'tnica L. 
The Cherry Bay. 
A%areiro, Portuguese. 



Variety 5 - 

2 Hixa Ser. 1 

Primus Hixa Broussonct. 
Primus multiglandulosa Cav 



- 714 

- 714 



29. Laurocerasus Lois. 



Asia Minor 
fig. 422. 716 

The Laurel Cherry, or common Laurel. 
Priinus LauroaSrasus L. 
Cherry Bay, Cherry Laurel. 
Laurier au Lait, Laurier Amandier, Fr. 
Kirsche Lorbeer, Ger. 

Varieties - 716 

2 variegata Hort. it 

3 angustifolia Hort. it 

Ilartbgia capfnsis Hort. 

30. caroliniana Michv. 1 Carolina 

fig. 423. 720 

The Carolina Bird Cherry Tree. 
Primus carolinifina Ait. 
Primus scmpo-vlrens Willd. 
Pddus caroliniana Mill. Diet. 
Wild Orange, Amer. 

App. i. Other Species of Cerasus. - 721 

C. iphaerocarpa Loit. 

Prunuf ipturrocdrpa Swartz. 
C. occidentklis toil. 

Primiu occideni&lit Swartz. 



Sect. II. 



Dec. 672. 721 
- -672.721 



VI. PITRSILL4 Dec. 

THE PURSHIA. 

Tigarea Pursh, not ofAublet. 

1. tridentata Dec. * North America 
fig. 424, 425. 721 

The three-toothed-/rared Purshia. 
Tigarea tridtntftta Pursh . 



Pag* 

- 672.722 



VII. KE'RRIA Dec. * 

THE KERRIA. 

Ri.bus L. 

Carchorus Thunb. 
Spiraea Camb. 



1. japonica Dec. * Japati fig. 426. 722 

The Japan Kerria. 

Rubus japdnicus L. 
Ctirchorus japi'micus Thunb. 
Spirte^ajapom'ca Camb. 



VIII. SPIRjE v A L. & j 
THE SPIR^A. 
Spirte, Fr. 
Spierstaude, Ger. 



- 672. 722 



i. Physocarpos Camb. & - 723 

1. opulifolia L. fife North America 

fur. 427, 428. 723 

The Guelder-Rose-leaved Spiraea, or Virginian 
Guelder Rose. 

Nine Bark, Amer. 

Variety - - 723 

2 tomentella Ser. 3fe 

2. capitata PA. 31 North America - 723 

The capitate-con/m/wd Spine'a. 
S. apnlifhlia var. Hook. 

3. monogyna Torrey. it N. America 723 

The monogynous Spiraea. 

ii. Cham&dryon Ser. sft j - 724 

4. chamajdrifolia L. & Siberia f. 429. 724 

The Germander-leaved Spiraea. 
S. cantoniensis Lour. 

Varieties 3fe - 724 

1 vulgaris Camb. 3k 

2 media Pursh. dfe 

3 oblongifolia Camb. 3fc 

S. oblon^yblia Waldst. 

4 subracemosa Ser. 3fe 

5 incisa Hort. 3fe 

? S. incisa Thunb. 

5. (c.) wlmifolia Scop. * Carinthia 

fig. 430. 724 

The Elm-leaved Spiraea. 

S. chamcedrtfblia Jacq. 

Variety 3fc - 725 

2 phyllantha Ser. & 

6. (c.) flexuosa Fitch. * - 725 

The flexible-branched Spiraea. 
S. alplna Hort. 

7. (c.) craUegifolia Lk. Sk 725 

The Crauegus-leaved Spiraea. 

8. (c.) tetulaefolia Pall. A N. Amer. 725 

The Birch-leaved Spiraea. 
? S. corymbbsa Raf. 
? S. craUegifblia Lk. 



9. cana Waldst. et Kit. 

The hoary -/fat'K/ Spinea. 

10. trilobata L. * - 

three-lobe 
S. triloba Don's 



The three-lobed-tefltxrd Spiraea. 
's Mill. 



Austria - 725 
fig. 431. 725 



liv 



CONTENTS. 



Pa B e 

11. alpina Pall. & Siberia fig. 432. 726 

The Siberian alpine Spiraea. 

12. 7/vperici folia Dec. & Europe and 

" America - - fig. 433. 726 

The Hvpericum-leavcd Spiraea. 
tit/per icnmf>-utex Hort. 
Italian May. 

Varieties. 3& 

1 uralensis Ser. 2& - -726 

S. crenata L. 

S. hyperfc/fdl/a Camb. 

2 Plukenetz'araa Ser. & - 726 

S. \\ypericifdlta L. 
S. h. var. jB Dec. 

3 acuta Ser. & - fig. 434. 727 

S. acutifblia Willd. 
S. sibirica Hort. 
S. ambtgua Pall. 

4 crenata Ser. & - fig. 435. 727 

S. obovata Walclst. et Kit. 
S. h. y Dec. 
S. crenata L. 

5 savranica Ser. & fig 536. 727 

S. savranica Bcsser. 

S. crenata Pall. 

S. h. var. (3 longifblia Led. 

6 Bessemma Ser. 3 - - 725 

S. crenata Besser. 
S. savranica /3 Besserzawa Don's 
Mill. 

13. (7/.)rtmlictroidesPa//. ffi Dahuria 

fig. 437. 727. 

The Meadow- Hue-leaved Spiraea. 
S. aquilegifolia Pall. 



14. pikowiensis Besser. 3 

The Pikow Spinea. 

15. ceanothifolia Horn. 

The Ceanothus-leaved Spiraea. 

16. corymbosa Raf. >. 

The corymbo&e-Jtoweri) 



Podolia - 728 



- 728 



r irg. f.438. 728 
;ring Spiraea. 
Variety j* . 728 

2 sororia Jtt 

S. sororia Penny. 

17. flacciniifolia D. Don. JE* Nepal 

fig. 439. 728 

The Vaccinium-leaved Spiraea. 

18. bella Sims, s* Nepal fig. 440. 729 

The beautiful Spiraea. 

iii. Spiretria Ser. Si - - 729 

19. *alicifolia L. * Siberia fig. 443. 729 

The Willow-leaved Spiraea. 
Spiraea frittc* Hort. 
JBridewort, Queen's Needle-work. 



Varieties '& 

1 carnea Ait. i f. 443. 

2 alpestris Pall. & 

3 paniculkta Willd. ^ 

L. dlba Ehrh. 

4 latifolia Willd. & f. 441 

S. obovdta Raf. 

S. Cfirpinifdlia Willd. 

5 grandiflora 3fe f. 442. 

S. grandiflora Lodd. 



- 729 



Canada f. 444. 7?0 



20. tomentosa L. ^ 

The downy Spiraea. 



21. laevigata L. Siberia fig. 445. 731 

The smooth-leaved Spiraea. 
S. altaicensis Laxm. 
S. altaica Pall. 

22. ariaefolia Smith. fl North America 

fig. 446, 447. 731 
The White-Beam-tree-leaved Spiraea. 

iv. Sorburia Ser. & a. - 731 

23. sorbifolia L. & Siberia fig. 448. 731 

The Sorbus-leaved Spiraea. 
S. pinnuta Mcench. 

Variety . - - 732 

2 alpina Pall. tt. 

S. grandifldra Hort. Brit. 
S. Pallasii Don's Mill. 

App. i. Species or Varieties of Spirda not 
yet introduced. 3k - 732 

S. Blfcmei G. Don. 31 

S. c/tanunlrijolia japjnica Blume. 
S. lanceolata Pair & ; , 

S. argmtea Mutis. & 
S. Thunberpi Blume -3fe 
S. magellanica Pair. ^ 
S. japunica We/.. Sfe 
S. Men/iesij Hook. ^ 
4>. I)ou K las Hook. 3fe 
S. callosa Thunli. ^ 

S. expdma AV'all. 
.S. caerulescens /'oir. ^ 
S. discolor Purth. :3fe 



Sect. III. POTENTI'LLEJE Juss. 
(Dryadcce Vent.) 

IX. .RUMBUS L. a* *i_J 



- 733 



it, ju-J 

672. 733 

THE BRAM BLE. 

Ilonce, Framboisicr, Fr. 
Himbeere, Brombcerstrauch, Ger. 

i. Leaves pinnate, of 3 7 Leaflets. St Jk 735 

1 . suberectus Anders. & Britain 735. 746 

The sub-erect Bramble. 
R. ncsxf'nsia Hall. 
R. plicatics W. et N. 
R. corylffu/iua Wahlenb. 

2. affinis Weihe et Nces. -* Germany 735 

The related Bramble. 



11. collnnii Dec. ~i 
}{. i7i,fi/. Smith ^-ac 
K, fUeUmt Bemt } 



cording to Lindley. 



Variety 
2 bracteosus Ser. 

R. a, y, et S W. ft N. 

3. fissus Lindl. -* Britain 

The cleft Bramble. 



- 735 



- 735 



K. fiutiffifitut Lindl. Synops., ed. 1., not of Weihe 
and Nees. 

4. micranthus D. Don. dfe Nepal 

fig. 449, 450, and 450 a. 735, 736 

The small-flowered Bramble. 
R. paudfldrns Lindl. 



CONTENTS. 



Iv 



dlstans D. 7)<>/. & 

The distant-/fq/Trf, J Bramble 
H. pinnatut 1>. Don. 



Nepal 



Page 

- 736 



6. strigosus Mlchx. at North America 736 

The strigose Bramble. 

R. pemuylviinicut Poir. 

7. occidentals L. stt North America 

fig. 451.736. 746 

The Western, or American, Bramble. 
R. virginiunus Hort. 
R. idarusfruciu nlgro Dill. 

8. asper D. Don. 3fe Nepal - - 737 

The rough-branchleted and petiolcd Bramble. 

9. id;c\is L. & Europe, Asia, Africa, and 

America - - fig. 452. 737. 746 
The Mount Ida Bramble, or common Raspberry. 
R. framba-sianus Lam. 
(iemciiic Jii'unibccrc, Ger. 
Batos idaia, Greok. 
Raspis, Framboise, Hinde-berry, Gerard. 

Varieties & - - 737 

With red fruit. & 
With yellow fruit. & 
With white fruit. 3fc 
2 microphyllus Wallr. 3fc 
Varieties cultivated in British 
Gardens. 

ii. Leaves digitate, of 3 5 Leaflets, 
m jk JU. 738 

10. laciniatns W. * .... f.453. 738. 746 

The cut-leaved Bramble. 

11. cae^sius L. jk North-eastern Asia 

fig. 454. 739.746 

The grey Bramble, or Dewberry. 

Varieties -* - 739 

2 arvensis Wallr. -* 

R. pseildo-cee^sius Weihe. 

3 grandiflorus Ser. -* 

4 parvifolius Wallr. Jc f. 455. 

5 foliis variegatis Hort. * 

12. hirtus W. et K. J: Hungary - 739 

The hairy Bramble. 
R. i-illfaitt Ait. 



R. elandultiut Bull. 
K. Xt#>ri</ VU1. 



13. Sprengelu Weihe. J: Germany - 740 

Sprengel's Bramble. 

R. vuliriinu D.'sf. 

R. i-iUbftu/3 vulpinut Ser. 

14. dumetorum W. et N. -4 Britain 740 

The Bramble of Thickets. 

15. foliolosus Don. uk Nepal - - 740 

The leaflet? Bramble. 

R. nlicrofhjjllui Don. 

16. flagellaris Wilfrl. ^k North America 74O 

The Rod-like, or Runner, Bramble. 

Variety Jk . 740 

2 inermis Ser. -A 



Page 

17. oorylifolius Smith. Jk Europe 

fig. 457. 740.746 

The Hazel-leaved Bramble. 
R. vulgans W. & N. 
R. nernorbsus Heyne. 

Varieties Jc - - 74O 

2 canus Wallr. -* 

3 glandulosus Wallr. Jt 

R. glandulosus Spreng. 
British kinds of .Kubus which, according 
to Dr. Lindley, may be associated with 
R. corylifMius Sm., either as related spe- 
cies, or as varieties : - . - 741 

R. macrophyllus '. el N. 

The large-leaved Bramble. 
R. carpinifolius W. et N. 

The Horn beam-leaved Bramble. 
R. fusco-ater W. et N. 

The brownish-black Bramble. 
R. Kcihlen W. et N. 
Kohler's Bramble. 
R. glandulosus Smith. 

The glandulous-ftnstffd Bramble. 
R. rudis W. et N. 
The rough Bramble. 

R. echinatus Lincil. 
R. diversifblius Lindl. Synops. ed. 1. 
The diverse-leaved Bramble. 
R. diver sifOlius W 7 . et N. 

18. (c. ) agrestis Waldst. et Kit.-* Hung. 741 

The Field Bramble. 

19. spectabilis Ph. a North America 

fig. 458. 741. 746 

The sho\vy-J!oirered Bramble. 
R. ribifolius Willd. 

20. ulmifolius Schott. Jc Gibraltar - 741 

The Elm-leaved Bramble. 



21. Linkz'anus Ser. -* 

Link's Bramble. 

R. paniculdtut Schlecht. 

22. fruticosus L. 



742 



Europe 
fig. 459. 742. 746 

The shrubby Bramble, or common Blackberry. 
R. discolor and R. abrvptus Lindl. Synops., 
ed. 1. 

Varieties -* - 742 

2 pompbnius Ser. .* f. 460. 

R. fruticosus $ W. et N. 

3 tauricus Hort. Jk 

4 flore rosea pleno Baum. Cat. jk 
The double pink-flowered Bramble. 

5 foliis variegatis Jc 

The variegated-leaved Bramble. 

6 leucocarpus Ser. i 

7 inermis Ser. -A 

8 dalmaticus Trait. Ros. Jc 

9 concolor Wallr. - 
10 glandulosus Wallr. jk 

11 rhamniff.lius W. $ N. -* 
The liucktborn-/eat'cd Bramble. 

R. cordtf^iuM Lindl. ? Weihe. 
121euc6stachysSc/>/. 



The white-spiked Bramble. 
R. tomentosus H'o/ie. J{ 
R. fastigiiltus Weihe. *. 
R. ttliscfolius Wcilie. ^ 
R. M&ikii M'eihe. Jc 
ft. Schlechteud.ihlii Weihe. Jt 
R. Schleicheri Weihe. ^ 
R. hdrridus Weihe. ^ 
R. nitidus Weihe. Jc 
. rubricaulis Wiihe. Jt 



fig. 461 



74S 
743 
743 

748 
743 
743 
748 
743 
74S 



Ivi 



CONTENTS. 



23. sanctus Schreb. 

The holy Bramble. 



East 



Page 

- 744 



- 744 



24. canescens Dec. * Italy 

The grey Bramble- 

25. setosus Pt. Jc North America - 744 

The bristly-rfnmed Bramble. 

26. argutus Lk. Jk North America - 744 

The tfiarp-toothed-leaflrted Bramble. 

27. cuneifolius Ph. Jt *^ N. America 745 

The wedge-shaped-leatleted Bramble. 
R.parr(fMu* Walt. 

28. hispidus L. -* Canada fig. 462. 745 

The hispid-rfnti Bramble. 
R. trivialit Michx. 
R. procumbent MUhl. 
R.Jlagellant Willd. 

29. lanuginosus Steven. ? Jk Caucasus 745 

The woolly Bramble. 



30. canadensis L. j* Canada 

The Canadian Bramble. 



- 745 



iii. Leaves lobed, not pinnate or digitate. 

& - 745 

31. odoratus L. dk North America 

fig. 464, 745. 746 

The sweet-scented Bramble. 
R. occidental Hort. 

The Virginian Raspberry, The flowering 
Raspberry. 

32. nutkanus Moc. &. California 

fig. 464. 745,746 

The Nootka Sound Bramble. 

R. odordtus Hort., not of L. 

App. i. Species and Varieties of Riibus best 
deserving of Cultivation in British Gardens, 
as ornamental Shrubs - - 746 

App. ii. Other Sorts of shrubby Rubuses. 
i_J jk JUi-J - - 746 

R. macropetalus Doug. MS. fig. 463. 
R. deliciosus Torrey 
R. ttliaceus Smith -* 

? R. cordifoliut D. Don 
R. acuminatus Smith 

R. betuliniu D. Don 
R. reflexus Ker. Jl* | | fie. 466. 

R. moluccaniu Ait. 

R. rosaef fclius Smith Ik | | 

R. r. coronarius Simt H | | fig. 467. 

X. POTENTFLLA L. & * - 747 

THB POTENTILLA, or Shrubby Cinquefoil. 

1. fruticosa L. * Europe fig. 468. 747 

The Shrubby Potentilla, or Cinque/oil. 
Varieties. 3t j* 

2 dahurica Ser. & - 747 

P. dahurica Nestl. 

3 tcnuiioba -t* 

P.fruiicota ft Nestl. 
P.Jloribtnda Pursh. 
P. tenuifbtia Schiechtend. 

2. glabra Lodd. M Siberia fig. 470. 748 

The glabrous Potentilla. 

P.frutird.ta nlba Busch. 



fig. 469. 748 



3. Salesovii Steph. j Siberia - T 

Salesovius's Potentilla' 

Sect. IV. RO"SEM Dec. - 672. 748 

XL RO^ S A Tourn. & m j* - 1 1 I 
Lit, - 672. 748 

THE ROSE TREE. 

Rhod6phora Neck. 
Rosier, Fr. 
JRosenstock, Ger. 
Roozeboom, Dutch. 
Kosajo, Ital. 
Rosal, Spanish. 
Roseira, Portuguese. 

i. Feruces Lindl. & - - 750 

1. ferox JLawr. * Caucasus fig. 471. 750 
The fiercely-prickled Rose. 

R. kamtschatica Red. 

R. kamschdtica frflrox Ser. 

R. echinata Dupont. 

Variety & - 750 

2 nitens Lindl. & 

2. (f. ) kamtschatica Fen*. & Kamtschatka 

fig. 472. 750 

The Kamtschatka Rose. 

ii. Bractedta. m - - 750 

3. bracteata Wendl. * China f. 473. 750 
The /arge-bracted Rose. 

Lord Macartney's Rose. 

Varieties m - 751 

2 scabricaulis Lindl. * 
R. b. vera Lodd. * 
R. b. fl&re pleno Lodd. * 

4. (b.) microphylla Roxb. * China 

fig. 474. 751 

The small-leafleted Rose. 

Hoi-tong-hong, Chinese. 

5. (b.) involucrata Roxb. m Nep. f.475. 751 

The Involucred-cori/mierf Rose. 
R. lAndley&na. Trott. Rot. 
R. paliittris Buchan. 

iii> CinnamomecE Lindl. Sfe j* - 751 

6. lucida Ehrh. * N. America f. 476. 752 

The shining-feawed Rose. 

R. riibra litcida Rossig. 

Rose Turneps. 

Rosier a Feuilles de Frene, Fr. 

7. (1. ) nitida W. j* Newfoundl. f. 477. 752 

The glossy-faired Rose. 

R. Redutta. rufttceni Thory. 
The dnarf Labrador Rote. 

8. (1.) tfapa Rose. * N. Amer. f.478. 752 

The Turnip-fruited Rose. 
R. turgida Pers. 
R. fraxintfblia Dumont. 

9. Woodstt Lindl. A North America 753 

Woods's Rose. 

R. liitea nigra Pronv. 

10. frutetorum Bess. & Volhynia - 753 

The Coppice Rose. 

11. Carolina L. 'M Carolina - - 753 

The Carolina Rose. 

R. rirgin'Uina Du Roi. 
R. paltitirii Marsh. 
R. corymMia Ehrh. 
R. pentuylvanica Miehz. 
R. ffvrfjoniana Rtd. 
R. taroliniarta Bigel. 



CONTENTS. Ivii 


12. Lindleyt Spreng. 34 North America 75i 

l.it\Mi-\\ Carolina Rose. 
|{. lnc.i I.indl. 


Page 
14 turblnata Desv. it 

R. iWroii'j I Mam., not of Ait. 
*'. li.JlAri' jtli no flodefrov. 


R. rarulina e Ait. 


R. </. in nil ii>/t. i Ser. 


R. raralina jiinipincll(fblia Andr. 


R. m/.r/a Tratt. 


13. parviflora Ehrh. j* N. Amer. f. 479. 75i 


21. suavis JVilld lit . fig 484 756 


The small -flowered, or Painty! ranian, Rose. 
R. htimi/is Marsh. 


The sweet Rose. 


R. carolinidtm Michx. 
R. caniliiuiy el S Ait. 


22. acicularis Lindl. & 756 


Pennsylvania/I Rwe Lawr. 


The needle-oricWof Rose. 


Variety .** 753 


R. a/;;ina c aculeata Ser. 


2 fl5re pleno Red. J* fig. 479. 


23. lutescens Pursh. 3fe North America 


14. /raxinifolia Bork. & North America 
fig. 480. 754 

The Ash-leaved Rose. 


fig. 485. 756 

The yellow American Rose. 
R. htspida Curt. 


R. virginidna Mill. Diet. 
R. blandaa. Sol. MSS. 


24. sulphurea Ait. & Levant f. 486. 756 


R. corymbbsa Bosc. 
R. alplna /3 Ait. 
R. alplna lafvis Red. 


The sulphur-coforerf-j?owered Rose. 
R. hemisphtrica Herm. 
R. glaucophijlla Ehrh. 




R. lidca flore pleno Ray. 


15. cinnamomea BesL * Europe 
fig. 481. 754 


R. lutea Brot. 
The double yellow Rose. 


The Cinnamon-scented Rose. 
11. fvccundissima Munch. 
R. majulis Herm. 


25. spinosf ssima L. j* Europe f. 487. 757 

The most spiny, or Scotch, Rose. 
Varieties - - 757 


16. majalis Retz. *k Sweden - - 754 

The May Rose. 


26. hibernica Smith, st Ireland - 757 


R, miitica Fl. Dan. 


The Irish Rose. 


R. tuiiKufstima Goiter. 




R. ciMinnJa Ehrh. 
R. cinnamimiea ng. Bot. 


27. oxyacantha Bieb. & Siberia - 757 




The sharp-prickled Rose. 


17. Dicksomana Lindl. 34 Ireland - 754 

Dickson s Rose. 


28. sanguisorbifolia Don. lfe ... - 758 




The Bumet-leaved Rose. 


18. taurica Bieb. & Tauria - - 754 


R. spinostssima var. sanguisorhifblia Lindl. 


The Taurian Rose. 


R. si/inosissima wr. macrophtjlla Ser. 


19. dahurica Pall. Sit Dahuria - - 754 


29. grandiflora Lindl. 3k Siberia f. 488. 758 


The Dahurian Rose. 


The large-flowered Rose. 




R. pimpineUifdlia Bieb. 


iv. PimpineUifblice Lindl. St jt - 755 


30. myriacantha Dec. JOL France f. 489. 758 


20. alpina L. & S. Europe fig. 482. 755 


The myriad prickled Rose. 
R. parvifolia Pall. 


The Alpine Rose. 


R. provittfialii Bieb. 


R. rupestris Crantz. 


R. tpinotlttima var. rj myriacdntha Ser. 


R. monspeRaca Gouan. 
II. ine'rmis Mill. Diet. 


31. involuta Smith, j* Hebrides - 758 


R. hybrida Vill. Dauph. 


The involute-prfo/ed Rose. 


R. lagendria Vill. 


R. nivalis Donn. 


R. biflbra Krok. 




Varieties 3fe - 755 


32. reversa Waldst. et Kit. & Hungary 758 

The re versed-;) rickled Rose. 


2 pyrenaica Lindl. - 




R. pyrenitica Gouan. 
R. iiluina Jacq. 


33. Sabim Woods, at Britain - - 758 


R. hittnilii Krok. 


Sabine's Rose. 


R. turldnata Vill. Dauph. 
R. al\,,nu S Dec. 


R. *atniii /9 Lindl. 


R. hlspiiln '? 
R. ali'inft cvrnnutu Desv. 


34. Dontana Woods. & Scotland - 758 


3pendullna Lindl. slfc 


Don's Rose. 


R.' a. ' lutif, "/-./" N-r. 

4 pimpincllifdlia Lindl. ^ 


v. Centifolice Lindl. & j* tr. - 759 


R. glandullan Hell. 
R. p>if;i>ut\i Hic'l, 


5. damascena Mill, ai Syria f. 490. 759 


-f /9 Smith. 


The Damascus, or Damask, Rose. 


5 lagenaria Ser. dfe 


R. Mlgica Mill. Diet. 


6 sorbiiiella Ser. & 


R. calendtirum Munch. 


7 hispidella Ser. 3k 


R. bifera Poir. 


8 IseMs St'r., o< of Dcsv. or Red. fe 


Rose d quatrc Saisons, Fr. 


fig. 483. 
R. San&tMrba inaibrit, # c . Dill. 


Varieties - - - 759 


R. ///.///-/ y-Ai/),-,! Desv. 




R. a. ri,/tfum Red. 

9 pyriformis Ser. St 
10 setbsa Ser. 3fc 

R. a. Airdmi Degv. 


6. centifolia Lwz. & Caucasus f. 491. 760 

The hundred-petaled, Provence, or Cabbage. Rose . 
R. provincitilis Mill. Diet. 


1 1 globosa Dcsv. 31 
R. canina amUgva Der. 

12 Aelleborina Ser. & 


R. polydnthos Rossig. 
R. caryophyllca Poir. 
R, vnt'incitUitn Desf. 


13 pilosula Ser. & 


R. vdrfans Pohl. 




f 



CONTENTS. 



Varieties 3k 

1 provincialis Mitt. & 

The Province, or Cabbage, Roses. 

2 muscosa Mill. & fig. 492. 
The Moss Roses. 

3 pomponia Dec. 3fe 
The Pompone Roses. 

4 bipinnata /?ec?. 3k 



37. gallica .L. 3fe Europe 

The French Rose. 

R. centifblia Mill. Diet. 
R. sylvdtica Gater. 
R. rubra Lam. 
R. holosericea Rossig. 
R. bgica Brot. Fl. Lus. 
R. blanda Brot. 
Rose de Provins, Fr. 
Essig Rose, Ger. 

Varieties 3fe j* 

2 pumila Lindl. jet 

R. pumila L. 

R. r&pens Munch. Hausv. 

R. hispida Munch. 

R. austrlaca Crantz. 

R. olympica Donn. 

3 arvina Lindl. & 

R. arvina Krok. 

4 inaperta Ser. & 
The Vilmorin Rose. 

5 A'gatha Red. ft 

The Agatha Rose. 

6 inermis Ser. & 

7 parvifolia Ser. J* 
The Burgundy Rose. 

R. parvifdlia Ehrh. 
R. burgundlaca Rossig. 
R. reme'nsis Desf. 



Page 

760 



1. gracilis Woods. & Britain - 



2. tomentosa &iA. * Europe - 763 

The tomentose, or woolly-leaved, Rose. 
R. villbsa Ehrh. 
R. tnollissima Bork. 
R. dtWa Wibel. 
R. wz'tfdsa /3 Huds. 

Variety & - 763 

2 scabriuscula Sin. 36 
Batard. 



- 761 



f. 494. 



- 762 



38. pulchella Willd. tL 

The neat Rose. 

vi. VittbscB. dfc a. - - 762 

39. turbinata Ait. sk Germany f. 495. 762 

The turbinate-calyxed, or Frankfort, Rose. 
R. campanuldta Ehrh. 
H.francofortidna Munch. 
II. francfurtensis Rossig. 

Varieties m - 763 

1 francofurtana Ser. 3fe 
The Frankfort Rose. 

R. turbinata Red. 
R. campanuldta Ehrh. 
R. francofurtana Gmel. 
R.francofurtensis Desf. 

2 orbessanea Ser. *& 
The Orbessan Rose. 

R. orbessanea Red. 

40. villosa L. & Europe - - 76 

The \il\ous-leaved Rose. 
R. m6llis Sm. 
R. tomentosa /3 Lindl. 
R. heterophylla Woods in L. Trans. 
R. pulchdtta Woods. 
R. pomifera Herm. 

Varieties & . - - 76 

2 resinosa Lindl. n. 

3 pomifera Desv. 3fc 

R. hispida Poir. 



Page 

- 763 



The slender Rose. 

R. villdsa Smith. 



3. 



Sherardi Davies. 

Sherard's Rose. 



England - 764 



r et rj Woods. 



4. sylvestris Lindl. 

The Wood Rose. 

R. tomentbsa tyMltrtt Woods. 



England 



45. 



mollis Led. 

The soft-leaved Rose. 

R. Ledebourii Spreng, 



Caucasus 



- 764 



- 764 



46. alba L. & Europe 

The common white Rose. 
R. usitatissima Gat. 

Variety 



vii. Rubiginoscc Lindl. 



fig. 496. 764 



764 



764 



47. liitea Dodon. & Germany f. 497. 765 

The yellow Eglantine Rose. 
R. Eglanteria L. 
n.faStida Herm. 
R. chlorophylla Ehrh. 
R. cerea Rossig. 

Varieties & - 765 

2 subrubra -RecZ. & 

3 punicea Z,z'e#. 31 f. 498. 

R. punicea Mill. Diet. 
R. cinnambmea Roth. 
R. littea bicolor Jacq. 
R. Eglanteria punicea Red. 
R. Eglanteria bicolor Dec. 

48. rubiginosa L. st Europe f. 499. 76 

The rusty-leaved Rose, Sweet Briar, or Eglan 
tine. 

R. suavifolia Light. 

R. Eglanteria Mill. Diet. 

R. agrestis Savi. 

R. rubiginosa parvifibra Rau. 

Varieties $t it - - 76^ 

2 VaillantzVJwfl Red. * 

3 rotundifolia Lindl. & 

4 aculeatissima DZ//J. ^ 

5 nemoralis Red. &i 

6 umbellata Lmrf. 3k 

R. tenuiglaiululkta Mer. 

R. r. EKlantt-ria c.vn**a Woods. 

R. sempervireni Roth. 

7 pubera Ser. 3fc 

8 grandiflbra Lindl. Sit 

9 major Ser. 3fc 

10 spinulifolia Ser. 3fe 

11 flexubsa Lindl. 3fc 

12 parvifblia Lindl. 3k 
Garden Varieties. 



49. suaveolens Pursh. 

The sweet-scented Rose,/lmcnV 
R. nihiginfita and R. Egl 



N. America 76 

etBriar, 

*offh. Amerienns. 



CONTENTS. 



lix 



50. 



micrantha Sm. s& Britain 

The small-flowered Rose, or Srn ,< Hri.ir 
R. rultif!inaia ft micrtinthu Lindl. 



Page 



51. sepium Tlndl. & Europe - 766 

Thellttlgf Hii-f. ,<r llriur. 
K. /i, /r.YiYn and 
R. mi/rtif,.li,i Hall. 

R. <-,l;i;i ^ DIM-. 

R. (tffivstit Savi. 

R. hiterrata, R. nuicruo/rpti, and R. ttipul,iri* Mer. 



52. ibi'rica S*ew. 

The Iberian Rose. 



Iberia 



.">;{. glutinosa .V//i. jm Levant 

Thu clammy ROM-, or llriiir. 

U. r Red. 

R. ruhiginota *p/nerucdrpa Desv. 

54. Klukif Begs, si Tauria - 

Kluki's Rose, or Stveet Briar. 
R. rubitrinnstl liieh. 
R. /;<>r,7.H,/rt Stev. 
R. iofcum<r Bess. 



- 766 



- 766 



- 766 



Mexico - 766 



767 



55. Montezunrue Humb. 

Montezuma's Rose, or Briar. 

viii. Canlnce Lindl. tt 

56. caucasica Pa/7, 3fc Caucas. f. 500. 767 

The Caucasian Dog Rose. 
K. Icucdntha Bieb. 

57. canina L. & Europe - - 767 

The common Dog Rose. 
R. dunuilis Bechst. 
R. andegavensis Bat. 
R. glauca Lois. 
R. arvtnsis Schrank. 
R. glaucescens and R. nltens Mer. 
R. tener(ffensis Donn. 
R. senticdsa Achar. 

Varieties. & 

2 surculosa Woods. & - 767 

3 nuda Woods. * 767 

4 aciphyllaLm<f/.*f.501,502. 767 

R. aciphjjlla Rau. 

5 aegyptiaca Lindl. >& - - 767 

R. indica Forsk. 

6 burboniana Desv. & - 767 

7 nitens .Desw. '-,.- 768 

R. nltens Desv. 

8 obtusifolia Desv. * - - 768 

R. obtustfblta Desv. 
R. Icucdntha Lois. 

9 glaucescens Desr. 3fe - 768 

R. glaucescens Desv. 

R. canina glauca Desv. 
10 SchotttVinet Ser. Sfe - 768 

R. #towca Schott. 
1 1 pilosiuscula Desv. 3fc - 768 

R. liinniUs Bess. 

R. nitidula Bess. 

ll.fricdlandertdna Bess. 

R. cottlna Rau. 

12 fastigiata Desv. & - 768 

R. fastigiuta Bast. 
R. */,y/dsa /3 Desv. 

13 hispida Desv. 3k - 768 

R. canina var. lanceolata,grandi 
dentdta, and ovoidulis Desv 
R. andegavt'mts Bast. 
R. st'tiipcnnrens Bast., not of L. 

14 microcarpa Z)eu. si - 768 

15 Meratmna Ser. A - - 768 

? R. bisernita Mer 



Page 

16 ambigua Desv. * - - 768 

R. malmundiar&isis Lejeune. 

1 7 squarrosa dfe - - 768 

R. canina $ Diet. Fl. Taur . 

18 rubiflora Ser. & - 7'>8 



58. 



59. 



60. 



Forstert Sm. 3k Europe 

Forster's Dog Rose. 

K. II,na /8 et y Woods. 

dumetorum ThuiU. 

The Thicket Dog Rose. 

R. leiiciinthu /9 uruf (folia Bast. 
R. ffyium Borkh. 
R. lolsiHiillit Bess. 
R. corymbtfera Umel. 



bractescens Woods. 

The bractescent Bog- Rose. 



- 768 



Europe - 768 



England - 769 



sarmentacea Swartz. & Europe - 769 



The sarmentaceous Do/r Rose. 
R. (tMMnfeOfa AV'inch. 
R. canina Roth. 



J2. cae^sia S'/w. 



Scotland 



The grey Dog Rose. 

R. canJna pub&ceru Ah. 
R. canina f c*a Lindl. 



63. Borreri Woods. 31 Britain 

Borrer's Dog Rose. 

R. tin tti riorum Sm. 

R. rul>iginota /8 Lindl. 

R. rubigini'ita inodora Hook. 

? R. ttpium Borkh., not of Thuill. 

R. afffnif Rau. 

R. undtutlla ft Besser. 



- 769 



- 769 



64, 



rubrifolia Vill.sk S.Europe f. 503. 769 

The red-leaved Dog Rose. 
R. multijfora Reyn. 
Hall. 



R. rubicunda Hall. 

R. livida Andr. 

R. cinnamdmca -y rubrifblia Red. 

Varieties. & 
2 hispidula Ser. Sb 
R.I 



769 



65, 



, cinnamtmua glauca Desf. 

3 Redoutta Ser. slfc 

4 inermis Ser. 3fe 

5 pinnatifida Ser. SI 

R. r. eermdiibits-ovatiii and R. montbna ger- 

mtmlws gltibri* Schlech. 
R. canina globdsa Desv. 

indica L. * China fig. 504. 770 

The Indian, or common China, Rose. 
R. sinica L. Syst. Veg. 
R. sempcrflurens cdrnea Rossig. 
R. indica cliinensis semiplkna Ser. 
R. reclinclta fibre submultiplici Red. 
The monthly Rose, the blush China Hose, 
the Tea-scented Rose. 

Varieties * _&, - - 770 

2 Noisettzawa Ser. * f. 505. 
The Noisette Rose. 

Subvarieties. 

purpilrea Red. 
nivea Hort. 
Smith H Hort. ' 

3 odoratissima Lindl. * f. 506. 
The sweetest, or Tea, scented China 

Rose. 

R. odoratissima Swt. 
R. indica fnigrans Red. 

4 longifolia Lindl. * f. 507. 771 

R. longtfMia Willd. 

R. semperfldrens var. 7. N. Du 

Ham. 
R. salicifdlia Hort. 

5 pumila Z,mcH. * 

6 caryophyllea ^?erf. * 



Ix CONTENTS. 


Page Page 


7 pannosa Red. * 


73. moschata Mill. 1 -* Barbary 


8 cruenta Red. m 


fig. 5 14-. 775 


9 Fraserwna Hort. Brit. * 
10 ruga Lindl. JL 
1 1 ochroleuca Sot. Reg. * 


The Musk Rose. 
R. opsosttmma Ehrh. 
R. glandulifera Roxb. 


The yellow China Rose. 


Varieties 1 - - 775 




2 flore pleno (7. Don. JL 


66. semper fiorens Curt, ft China f. 508. 771 

The ever-flowering China Rose. 


3 nivea ZzdZ. 1 fig. 515. 
R. nivea Dupont, not of Dec. 


R. diversifMa Vent. 


R. m. ? var. Tusea Ser. 


R. bengattnsis Pers. 




R. indica Red. 






74. rubifolia R. Br. & North America 


67. Lawrencearaa Swt. . China f. 509. 772 


fig. 516. 776 


Mitt Lawrence's China Rose. 


The Bramble-leaved Rose. 


R. lemverjlfirens minima Sims. 
R. fndica var. a acuminbta Red. 
R. indica JLawrenceana Red. 


Variety -* - - - 776 
3 fenestriilis Lindl. Jc 


ix. Systyla Lindl. & 1 1 _J i. .* t, 772 


R. fcnestrdta. 


68. systyla J?erf. JL -* France - - 772 


x. JBanksianse Lindl. JL - - 776 


The connate-styled Rose. 
R. colltna Sm. 


75. sinica Ait. JL China f. 517. 776 


R. gtyh'wa Desv. 
R. hrevMyla Dec. Fl. Fr. 
R. bibracteftta Dec. 


The trifoliate-leaved China Rose. 
R. trifolidta Bosc. 


R. i/rfy/a <* owW<* Lindl. 


R. terndta Poir. 




R. cherokcdnsis Donn. 


69. arvensisHw<&. 1 -* Britain f. 510. 772 


R. nivea Dec. 


The Field Rose. 




R. sylv^stris Hem. 
R. scandens Mcench. 
R. herptrhodon Ehrh. Beitr. 
R. flo/teri Krok. 
R.fusca Mcench. 


76 Banksk? R. Br. 1 China f. 518. 777 

Lady Banks's Rose. 
R. Banksitina Abel. 
R. inermis Roxb. ? 


R. strpens Ehrh. Arbor. 
R. sempervlrens Rossig. 
R. r evens Gmel. 


Variety 1 - - - 777 
2 lutea Lindl 1 fig. 519. 


R. rampans Reyn. 




Varieties Jt - - 772 


77. microcarpa Lindl. 1 China f. 520. 777 


2 ayreshirea (Ser. JL Jk 
R. capreoldta Neill- 


The small-fruited Rose. 
R. cymbsa Tratt. 


3 hybrida jLindZ. 1 Jc 


App. i. Hardy Species of the Genus Rtsa> 


70. (a.) sempervirens L. |_ JU S. Europe 


not yet introduced. - - 778 


fig. 511. 773 


i. Feroces. - - 778 


The evergreen (Field) Rose. 
R. scandens Mill. Diet. 


R. rug&sa Thunb. 


R. baledrica Desf. 
R. atrovlrens Viv. 


ii. Bracteatce. - - 778 


R. sempervlrens globosa Red. 
R. sempervirens var. a, scandens Dec. 


R. LyellH Lindl. 
$ iii. Cinnambmea;. - 778 


Varieties 1 i. Jc *- - - 773 


R. la"xa Retz. 


2 Russelh'ana JL -* 


R. kosingiana Den. 
R. songfirica Bunge. 


3 Clarei Bot. Reg. JL -* 
The Rose Clare. 


R. aristata Lapey. 
R. macrophj'lla. fig. 521. 


4 Leschenaultzana Red. fl_ )U 


iv. Pimpincllifolite. - - 778 




R. CandolleAna Don's Mill. 


71. multifl6ra7%ww&.l Japan f. 5 12. 773 


R. rutxflla Lindl. 
R. pdndula Roth. 


The many-flowered Rose. 


R. ttlinini Pall. 
R. noliphiilla \Villd. 


R./a'voDonn. 


R. alpina rar. rulxMa Ser. 


R.florida Poir. 


R. Candtilletona p<<ndula Red. 


R. diffiisa Roxb. 


R. Candnlle^aia. tHegant Thor. 
JR. Hava Wicki. 


Varieties - 774 


R. viminea Lindl. 
R. WebMina Wall. 


2 Grevillei Hort. l_l f.513. 


R. reclinata Red. 


R. Roxburghn Hort. 
R. platyphytta Red. 
3 Russelliana 1 


$ v. CentifolitE. - - 778 

R. pygmsE'a liieb. 
R. ktlenonhVUa TVilld. 


4 Boursaulti Hort. Ji 1 


R. verecunaa Wait*. 
? R. damatcina var. 


72. Brunon Lindl. 1 -* Nepal - 775 


^ vi. I'ttlosa-. - 778 


Brown's Rose. 
R. Brtwnii Sprcng. 


ft. hispida Poir. 
R. villnta rar. jiomtfera Desv 
H. ferebinthacea Urn. 



CONTENTS. 



Ixi 



vii. 

R. montnna rill. 
R. uiu-inflla Beit. 

it. canophyUfcoea Beit. 

Ii. in.Mlora Frict. 
It. rtu|ml;ita liieli. 
I s-H-iirt: 

H. pseudo-rubiKindsa Lejeune. 
R. WolfcaiiL'i./ 
R. dini.irpha Belt. 
R. Willden&vii Spren B . 

K. ini,-n>i>k,)ll,i Willd. 

R. itreaitria Biel). 
K. noribunda Bew. 



Page 

778 



Jviii. Can\n<c. 



- 778 



R. ciliAto-pt'-tala Bett. 
R. Gmi'lini Bunge. 

R. cuniiM Sevres. 
R. colllna Jacii. 
R. baltica MA. 
R. Juml/.illii Begs. 
R. turbim-lla Sn-nrts. 
H. venisa 5-in-/;. 
R. corifolia Fries. 
/t.saxatile V/< r. 
R. sericea LiW/. fip. 522 
R. atropurpurea Brut. 



ix. 

R. mosohata nepaltiisis. fig. 523. 

J rt. Brun6im var. nepalmsis Bot. Reg. 
R. evratina /Jo*c. 



x. 
fi. hSstrix Z,i<fZ. fig. 524. 



- 779 



- 779 



A pp. ii. Half-hardy Species of the Genus 

Rosa, not yet introduced. - 779 

iv. PimpfncUiJolue. - - 779 



R. nankinmsis Lour 



R. pseudo-indica Lindl. 



Can'ma?. 



x. Banksianx. 



- 779 



- 779 



R. recurva Roxh. 
R. triphVlla Roxb. 

? "R. microcdrpa. 

? R. tfnica var. 
R. fragariicflora Ser. 
R. amygdalifdlia Ser. 



App. iii. Uncertain Species of Rosa. 779 

App. iv. A practical Arrangement of Roses 
in actual Cultivation in the Nursery of 
Messrs. Rivers and Son, Sawbridyeworth, 
Hertfordshire. - 779 



XII. LO'WE^ Lindl. j* 

THE LOWE A. 

Rbsa sp. Pall. 

1. berbertfolia. Lindl. j I 



The Berberry-leaved Lowca. 
lldsa simplicifolia Sal. 
Rdsa berberi/S^a Pall. 

Varieties JOL I 

1 glabra Ser. J* I 

2 velutina Ser. j* - 

3 Redoutcana Ser. 

11. herberi/o//'(/ K.-.1 
R. simplicffiliu Sal 



812 



Persia 

fig. 594. 813 



- 813 



Page 

Sect. V. PO'MEJE Lindl. - 672. 813 



XIII. C.'RAT,E V GUS Lindl, 



* _J 



fig. 672. 813 



'I'm. THORN. 

Crat&gus and Mttspilus sp. L. and 

others. 

Ndflier, Alisier, AuMpine, Fr. 
Doom, Uzbeer, Mispcl, Ger. 
Doom, Dutch. 
Spino, Ital. 
JEspino, Span. 



i. Cocctnece. 



- 816 



1. coccineaL. % North America pi. 119. 

fig. 564. in p. 851. - - 816 

The scarlet-/rtted Thorn. 
C. cestivdlis Booth. 
Mdspiltis (gstivulis Walt. 
Mtspilus cocclnca Mill. 
Thornless American Azarole. 
Niftier dcarlate, Fr. 
Scharlachrothe Mispel, Ger. 

Varieties $ - - - 816 

2 corallina f. 565. in p 852. 

C. corallina Lodd. 

C. pynformts of some collections. 

3 indentata f. 566. in p. 852. 

C. indentata Lodd. 

4 maxima Lodd. $ 

C. c. spinbsa Godefroy. 
C. fflabeUdta Hort. 

2. glandulosa W. % North America 

pi. 120. fig. 567. in p. 853. -817 

The glandular Thorn. 

? C. sanguinea Pall. 

? Mdspilus rotundifilia Ehrh. 



fyrus glandulbsa Mcench. 
C. rotundifolia Booth. 



- 818 



Varieties % 

2 succulenta Fisch. *t 

HAespilus succulenta Booth. 

3 subvillosa Z f. 550., and f. 568. 

in p. 853. 
C. subvilldsa Fisch. 



ii. Punctate. 



818 



3. punctata^zY. North America pi. 124-. 
fig. 569, 570. in p. 854-. - 818 

The dotted-/rM'ted Thorn. 
C. Crus-galli Du Roi. 
Mespilus cuneifblia Ehrh. 
Mtfspilus punctdta Link. 
Mtspilus cdrntfolia Lam. 

Varieties - - 818 

1 rubraPursh Z fig. 569. in 854. 

C. cdiilis Ronalds. 

2 rubra stricta Hort. $ 

C. p. stricta Ronalds. 

3 aurea Pursh fig. 570. in 

p. 854. 

C. p. fldva Hort. 
C. dfilcis Ronalds, 
a/ft Lodd. ' 
C. pcnta^ynafldva Godefroy. 



Ixii 



CONTENTS. 






Page 

4. pyrifoliaAit.Z North America pi. 122. 
fig. 571. in p. 854. - - 819 

The Pear-tree-leaved Thorn. 

C. leucophteTos (white-barked) Mcench. 

C. radtata Lodd. 

C. toinentbsa Du Roi. 

Mtspilus latifilia Lam. 

Mespilus Calpodendron Ehrh 

Mespilus pyrifdlia Link. 

Mespilus corntfdlia Poir. 

C. latijdlia Ronalds. 

C. corntfblia Booth. 



iii. Macracdnthce, 3f - - 819 

5. macracantha Lodd. * North America 
pi. 123. fig. 572. in p. 855. - 819 
The long-spined Thorn. 

Variety % - - 819 

2 minor fig. 573. in p. 855. 819 



iv. Crus-galli. % A - - 820 

6. Crus-galli L. North America 

pi. 124, 125. fig. 574. in p. 856. 820 

The Cock's-spur Thorn. 
C. Iteida Wang. 
C. cuneifblia Lodd. 
Mespilus Ibcida Ehrh. 
Mespilus Crus-galli Poir. 
Mespilus hyemalis Walt. 
Mespilus cuneifblia Mcench. 
Glanzende Mispel, Ger. 

Varieties. 1 dk 

2 splendens Dec. fig. 575. in 

p. 856. - - 820 

C. arbutifblia and C. splendens 
Lodd. 

3 ^yracanthifolia Dec. pi. 1 26. 

fig. 580. in p. 856. - 820 
C. pyracanthifblia Lodd. 
Mespilus lucida Dunn. 

4 salicifolia Dec. % pi. 127. f.551, 

552, 553., and fig. 578. in 
p. 856. - - 820 

C. salic{fblia. 

5 linearis Dec. fig. 577. in 

p. 856. - 821 

Mespilus linedris Desf. 
C. linedris Lodd. 

6 nana Dec. & - fig. 552. 821 

Mespilus nana Dun. 

7. (C.) ovalifblia Horn. 2 N. America 

pi. 128. fig. 579. in p. 856. - 821 

The oval -leaved Thorn. 
C. empties Lodd. 
C. Crus-galli ovalifdlia Bot. Reg. 

8. (C.) prunifolia Bosc. * N. America 

pi. 129. fig. 576. in p. 856. - 821 

The Plum-leaved Thorn. 

Mespilus pruntfblia Poir. 
C. carolinidna Lodd. 



Variety Z 
2 ingestria 

C. mgestria Lodd. 



- 821 



v. NlgrtB. . -822 

9. nigra Waldst. et Kit. * Hungary 

pi. 130. fig. 581. in p. 857. - 822 

The \>\ack-fruited Thorn. 

Mespilus nigra Willd. 
C. carpdtica Lodd. 

10. purpurea Bosc. * pi. 131. 

fig. 582. in p. 857. - - 822 

The purple-6racAed Thorn. 
C. sanguinea Hort. 

Variety !t 823 

2 altaica f. 583. in p. 858. 

vi. Douglasn. - - 823 

11. Douglasu Lindl. *t North America 

pi. 132. fig. 584. in p. 858. - 823 

Douglas's Thorn. 

C. punctitta var. brevisplna Douglas. 

vii. Flavce. - - 823 

12. flava Ait. North America pi. 133. 

fig. 585. in p. 859. - - 823 

The yellow -fruited Thorn. 

C. glanduldsa Michx., not of Walt. 
Mdspilus Mtchatizii Pers. 
C. carolinidna Poir 
C.flavissima Hort. 



13. (f.) lobata Bosc. *t 

and fig. 586. in p. 859. 

The lobed-leaved Thorn. 
Mespilus lobdta Poir. 
C. lutea Hort. 



fig. 544., 
- 824 



14. trilobata Lodd. 
in p. 860. 



Hybrid fig. 587. 
- - 824 

The three-lobed-feaed Thorn. 
C. spinoslssima Lee. 



viii. Apiifoltce. - 

15. apiifolia Michx. North America 

pi. 134. fig. 589. in p. 860. - 824 

The Parsley-leaved Thorn. 
C. Oxyacdntha Walt. 
C. apiifblia mujor Lodd. 

Variety - - -825 
2 minor f. 588. in p. 860. 825 

ix. Microcdrpce. - - 825 

16. cordataJfi//. % N.America pi. 135. 

fig. 590. in p. 861. - - 825 
The heart-shaped-^ared Thorn. 
C. populifblia Walt. 
Mespilus &cerift>lia Poir. 

17. spathulata Elliot. Z North America 

pi. 136. fig. 591. in p. 861. - 825 
The Bpathula-shapcd-leaved Thorn. 
C. microcdrpa Lindl. 



CONTENTS. 



Ixiii 



18. Azarolus L. France 
fig. 592. in p. 862. 



x. Azaroli. - 826 

pi. 137. 

- 826 

The Azarole Thorn. 

Yyrus Azarolus Scop. 
UftpOmi AzanMus All. 
E'pinc d'Espugnc, \ffiicr de Naples, Pom- 
mettes a deux Closes, Fr. 

Varieties 5f - - - 826 

1 With the leaves hairy beneath. 5f 

~yilt!spilus Arbnia. 

2 With large deep red fruit. ! 

3 With yellowish white fruit. 

4 With long fruit of a whitish 

yellow, if 

5 With double flowers. 

6 The white Azarole of Italy. 

19. (A.) maroccana Pen. % Morocco 

pi. 138. fig. 594. in p. 862. - 827 

The Morocco Thorn. 
? C. maura L. 

20. Aronia Bosc. % Levant pi. 139. 

fig. 593. in p. 862. 827 
The Aronia Thorn. 

Mespilus Ardnia Willcl. Enum. 
C. Azarblus /3 Willd. sp. 

21. orientalis Bosc. *t South Europe 

pi. 140. fig. 595. in p. 863. 827 

Eastern Thorn. 



The 



Mtspiltts orientalis Poir. 
C. odoratlssima Bot. Rep. 

Variety - .828 

2sanguinea f.596.in p.863. 828 
C. tanacetifolia 2 taurica Dec. 
C. sanguinea Schrader. 
C. orientalis Lindl. 

22. tanacetifolia Pers. $ Greece pi. 141. 

fig. 597. in p. 863. - . 828 

The Tansy-leaved Thorn. 

Mespilus tanacetifolia Poir. 
Mespilus pinna ta Dum. 
? Me'spilus Celsiana. Dum. 

Varieties * - - 828 

2 glabra Lodd. pi. 142. f. 598. 

in p. 863. 

3 Leeana 1 pi. 143. f. 599. in 

p. 864. 

Lee's Seedling, liort. 
C. inclsa Lee. 

xi. Heterophylla. - - 829 

23. heterophylla F/ugge % ..... pi. 144. 

fig. 600. in p. 864. - - - 829 

The various-leaved Thorn. 
C. neapolitana Hort. 
Mtsptlus constantinopolitdna Godefroy. 

xii. Qxijacdnthce. % . 829 

24. Oxyacantha L. 2 Europe pi. 145> 

146. fig. 602. in p. 865. - 829 
The sharp-thorned Crataegus, or common Haw- 
thorn. 

The Pyracantha of the Greeks. 



Me'spilus Oxyacdntha Gaertn. 

E'pim- lilnncfic, \<>ti/ t - F.' inne, Bois de Mai, 
XcHcllii-r Aubi'iiinc, Xi-Jticr Aubt-pine, Fr. 

Ilagcdoni, (.icnit'iucr l\\'i$sdorn, Ger. 

Iltt^i-loon, Dan. 

JIu ^eturn, Swed. 

Bianco-spino, Hal. 

Espino bianco, Span. 

White Thorn, May Bush, Quick, Quickset, 
May. 



Varieties. 

2 obtusata Dec. % pi. 147. f. 601. 

in p. 864. - - 83O 

Mespilus Oxyacdntha fntcgrtfdlia 

C. Oxyacanthbldes Thuill. 
C. Oxyacdntha Fl. Dan. 
The French Hawthorn. 



3 sibirica 3f fig. 555. 

C. sibirica Lodd. 
C. monugyna L. 

4 transylvanica Hort. 

5 goiercifolia Booth. 

p. 866. 



- 830 



- 830 
f. 603. in 

- 830 

6 laciniata pi. 148. f. 663. in 

p. 865. . 830 

C. lacinidta Lodd. 

7 pteridifolia fig. 604. in 

p. 865. - - - 831 

C. pterifolia Lodd. 
C. pectinata Hort. 

8 eriocarpa Lindl. % pi. 149. 

fig. 607. in p. 865. - 831 
C. eriocarpa Lodd. 

9 purpurea Penny 3f f. 611. in 

P- 866. - 831 

10 Oliveridna pi. 150. f. 606. 

in p. 865. - - 831 

C. Oliveri&na Bosc. 
C. Olive ria Lodd. 
C. orientalis Lodd. 

11 melanocarpa pi. 151. f. 605. 

in p. 865. - - 831 

C.ftssa Lee. 

C. Oxyacdntha rilatypMlla Lodd. 
C. platyphylla Lindl. 
12aurea Hort. fig. 610. in 
p. 866. - 831 

C.fldva Hort. 
1 3 aurantiaca Booth. - 831 

14 leucocarpa 5f - - 831 

15 multiplex Hort. f. 609. in 

p. 866. - - - 832 

C. O. fibre plena Hort. 

16 rosea Hort. % fig. 612. in 

p. 866. - 832 

E'pinier Marron, Fr. 

17 punicea Lodd. - 832 

C. O. rosea superba Hort. 

18 punicea flore pleno Hort. *t 832 
1 9 foliis aureis Lodd. *t . 832 

20 foliis argenteis Hort. *t - 832 

21 stricta Lodd. pi. 152. 832 

C. O. rlgida Ronalds. 

22 Cehiuna Hort. - - 832 

23 pdndula Lodd. ^ . 832 

24 reginas Hort. 3f 

pi. 153. fig. 556. 832 
Queen Mary's Thorn. 



)N TENTS. 



-> 
>,; nuVnSna Y 

, . ', .' ,,'- : JHii,i JjU'.J 
L '7 aprtulu /.</</ Y 
Js lucida i 

_>; cantata Smith f Ayr. 3d - S:H 
.SO tlcxuosa .V'iM '.'/' -fy- * S:55 



-11 



>;>. parvilolia Ait. * North America | 
f..Vj7., anil t'. (ill. in p. S07. - sll 



,, 

!J , App. ii. Ailtlitinnnl Spa-ii-s f Crnttt flits. 8-1 



i. I.i-nrea toot/ietl, or nearly entire, never regul 

In/ted. Y 



rm-*iYs - , - ^- i ';'' 1:lt :v:! ia /'' 1 ' / ;, l ;v 

-J ilorida i 1i.tr. 5~>-> and lij;. fU:5 ; 

in p. SO'T. ( _,\pi). Hi. A!i>lin!ticul List of Sort* of Cnt- 

Jiu r . 01'). m p. 80 < ^ .'^ ^^^ ( Adiliti'iii*. titkui fruin the \tnncs 

]>/<icl fit/(tinst Plant* in tlnir Xtirsu-if, Init 

>fi \ir"inica LutM. 2* Virginia fig. 5(50., tiut in1/u- Cutnlnt/in- ; nf, rn <1 to tin Sj,,-cns 

;ind im.(il.J. in p.h(i7. - *M i // rriV^ of Crnt^us as yircn in this 

yir \"ir-hiian Thorn. 

C. vtrghii na H'-rt. 



i. I.';I. fi-. <i'7. in p.hUT. - H4.'i 



.5 xv. lVr.'.J/A'/. * -l 
vjs. /-'vracantha /^r-s-. South Europe 



r//r/f/// * I 
L' cruimlat-i * I 

C r,vM/. /,/ I!o\l'. MSS. 
M,\/7.v creuulala i). I). 



>!). olaAca /!>///. ? Nepal r..Vii,.V;.'J. s! 1 



w //%.* - 
XIV. PIIOTI'NIA Limit, f^ * I 

Tut: PIIOTIMV. 

l-riitu*uiissi>. I.- 



('alifornia 
fiir. (il!). S(iS 



Nepal - - Sfifi 



CONTENTS. 



Ixv 



Nepal 
fig. 625. 873 



Page 

App. i. Species of Photinia not yet intro- 
duced. - - 869 
P. bengalensis Wall. 
P. SiebiMdn Don's Mill. 

Mespilus Sieboldii Blum. 
P. IseVis Dec. 

Cratte^gus ke'vis Thunb. 
P. villosa Dec. 

CraUe^gus villosa Thunb. 

XV. COTONEA'STER Med. Z1** 

673. 869 
THE COTONEASTER. 
Mttspilus sp. L. 

i. Leaves deciduous. Shrubs. & - 870 

1. vulgaris Lindl. si Europe f. 620. 870 

The common Cotoneaster. 

Mttspilus Cotonedster L. 
Neftier cotonneux, Fr. 
Quitten Mispel, Ger. 

Varieties & - - - 87O 

1 erythrocarpa Led. fe 

2 melanocarpa Led. & 

3 deprdssa Fries. & 

2. (v.) tomentosa Lindl. * Switzer. 870 
The tomentose, or woolly, Cotoneaster. 

Mespilus tomentbsa Willd., not of Lam 
Mespilus eriocdrpa Dec. 

3. (v.) laxiflora Jacq. * 

fig. 621, 622. 870 
The loose-flowered Cotoneaster. 

ii. Subevergreen or deciduous. Tall Shrubs, 
or low Trees. - - 871 

4. frigida Wall. 1 Nepal pi. 156. 871 
The frigid Cotoneaster. 

Pyrus Nussia Ham. 

5. (f.) affinis Lindl. * 1 Nepal 

pi. 157. 871 

The related (to C. frigida) Cotoneaster. 
Mn'spilus integerrima Ham. MSS. 

6. acnminata Lindl. t Nepal 

pi. 158. 872 

The acuminated-leaved Cotoneaster. 
Mespilus acumindta Lodd. 

7. nummnlaria Lindl. * Nepal pl.159. 872 
The money-like-&-a0ed Cotoneaster. 

iii. Leaves evergreen, leathery. Low Shrubs, 
with prostrate Branches; Trailers, but not 
properly Creepers, ik - - - 872 

8. rotundifolia Wall. * Nepal 

fig. 623, 624. 872 
The round-leaved Cotoneaster. 

C. mfcropkfBa p ITva-ursi Lindl. 

The Sear-berry-leaved Nepal Cotoneaster. 

9. (r.) microphylla Wall. * 
The small-leaved Cotoneaster. 

10. (r.) iuxifolia Wall. * Nepal 873 

The Box-leaved Cotoneaster. 



Page 

App. i. Species of Cotonedster not yet intro- 
duced. - - 873 



C. bacillkris Wall 
C. obtiisa Wall. 



XVI. AMELA'NCHIER Med. * 

673. 874 

THE AMELANCHIEH. 
Mespilus L. 
Pyrus W. 
Aroma Pers. 
Crake^gus Lam. 
Sdrbus Crantz. 

1. vulgaris Mcench. Z Europe f. 626. 874 

The common Amelanchier. 

Mespilus Amelanchier L. 

Pyrus Amelanchier WiUd. 

Aronia rolundifblia Pers. 

Cratce^gus rotundifolia Lara. 

Stirbus Amelanchier Crantx. 

Alisier Amelanchier, Amelanchier des Bois, 

Niftier a Feuilles rondes, Fr. 
Felsenbirne, Ger. 

2. (v.) Botryapium Dec. X N. America 

pi. 160, 161. fig. 627, 628. 874 
The Grape-Pear, or Snowy-blossomed, Ame- 
lanchier. 

Me'spilus canaddnsis L. 

~M.espilus arbbrea Michx. 

Crat(z"gus racemosa Lam. 

Pyrus jBotrydpium Pers. 

The Canadian Medlar, Snowy Mespilus, 

June Berry, Wild Pear Tree. 
Alisier de Choisy, Alisier a Grappes, Fr. 
Traubenbirne, Ger. 

3. (v.) sangufnea Dec. *t North America 

fig. 630, 631. 875 
The blood-coloured Amelanchier. 
Pyrus sanguinea Pursh. 
Aronia sanguinea Nutt. 
Mespilus canadensis -y rotundifolia Michx . 



4. (v.) ovalis Dec. 



North America 
fig. 632. 876 



The oval-leaved Amelanchier. 
Qratce'gus spicata Lam. 
Mespilus Amelanchier Walt. 
K.parvifldra Doug. MSS. 
Mespilus canadensis var. a. ovdlis Michx. 
Pyrus ovdlis Willd. 
Ardnia ovdlis Pers. 
Amelanchier du Canada, Alisier a E'pi, 

Fr. 
Rundblattrige Birne, Ger. 

Variety % - . . 876 

2 subcordata Dec. 

Ardnia subcordata Raf. 
Mdlus microcdrpa liaf. 

3 semi-integrifolia Hook. $ 

5. (v.) florida Lindl. *t North America 
fig. 633, 634. 876 

The flowery Amelanchier. 

Variety - - 877 

2 parvifolia 

A. parvifolia Hort. Soc. Card. 

XVII. ME'SPILUS Lindl. * 673.877 
THE MEDLAR. 

Mespilus sp. of Lin. and others. 
Mespilophora sp. Neck. 

g 



Ixvi 



CONTENTS. 



1. germanica L. * Europe pi. 162. 877 

The German, or common, Medlar. 

Varieties - - - 878 

1 sylvestris Mill. Diet. 35 

2 stricta Dec. 

3 diffusa Dec. % 
Cultivated Varieties. 

1. Blake's large-fruited Medlar. 

2. Dutch Medlar. 

3. Nottingham, or common, Med- 

lar. 

4. The stoneless Medlar. 



2. Smitha Dec. 

Smith's Medlar. 



M. grcmdifibra Sm. 
M. lobuta Poir. 



pi. 163. 878 



673. 879 



XVIII. PY^RUS Lmdl. * 

THE PEAR TREE. 

fyrus, Mate*, and Sdrbus, Tourn. 
fyrus and S6rbus L. 
Pyrdphorum and Apyr6phorum Neck. 



i. Pyrbphorum Dec. 



880 



1. communist. % Eur. pi. 164, 165. 880 

The common Pear Tree. 
P. A^chras Gaertn. 
P. sylvtstris Dod. 
Pyrdster Ray. 
Poirier, Fr. 

Genuine Birne, Birnebaum, Ger. 
Pero, Ital. 
Pera, Span. 
Gruschka, Russian. 

Varieties 3E - 880 

1 /f chras Wallr. It 

2 Pyraster WaUr. 3t 

3 foliis variegatis 3f 

4 fructu variegato ? 

5 sanguinole"nta 5f 
The sanguinole Pear. 

6 flore pleno 

Poire de VArmtnie Bon Jard. 

7 jaspida 3f 

.Bow Chretien d Boisjaspt Bon Jard 

8 sativa Dec. 

Varieties most deserving of Culti- 
vation, selected from the Hort 
Soc. Cat. of Fruits - 881 

Beurre Diel. 

Beurre de Rans. 

Bezi de la Motte. 

Glout Morceau. pi 166. 

Napoleon. 

Swan's Egg. 

Scotch Pears recommended by Mr 
Gorrie, as Trees adapted for 
Landscape Scenery 

The Benvle. 

The Golden Knap. 

The Elcho. 

The busked Lady. 

The Pow Meg. 

2. (c.) *alvif61ia Dec. * France 888 

The Sage-leaved, or Aurelian, Pear Tree. 
Poirier Sauger D'Ourch. 

3. (c.) nivalis L.fil. Austria - i 
The snowy-feaerf Pear Tree. 



Page 

4-. (c.) sinaica Thouin. 5f Mount Sinai 
pi. 167. 889 
The Mount Sinai Pear Tree. 
P. StnatDesf. 
P. p^rsica Pers. 
The Mount Sinai Medlar. 

5. (c.) salicifolia L. *t Siberia - 889 

The Willow-leaved Pear Tree. 

6. (c.)<?laeagnifolia/W/.* A. Minor 889 
The Oleaster-leaved Pear Tree. 

P. orientdlis Horn. 

7. (c.) amygdaliformis VU. X - 889 

The Almond-shaped Pear Tree. 
P. sylvestris Magnol Bot. 
P. salictfolia Lois. 

8. sinensis Lindl. % China pi. 168. 889 
The Chinese Pear Tree. 

Pyrus communis Lois. 

P. slnica Royle. 

Ri vulgo Nas, Japanese. 

The sandy Pear, Snow Pear, Sand Pear. 

Sha lee, Chinese. 

9. bollwylleriana Dec.t France 

pi. 169. 890 
The Bollwyller Pear Tree. 
P. PoUver\& L. 
P. auriculdris Knoop. 

10. crenata Don. Nepal f. 638, 639. 890 
The notched-leaved Pear Tree. 

11. variolosa Wall. Nepal pi. 170. 891 
The variable-teawed Pear Tree. 

P. Pashia Ham. 

App. i. Species of Pyrus belonging to the Sec- 
tion Pyrophorum, and not yet introduced. 891 

P. cuneifblia Gus. 
P. parvm&ra Desf. 

P. sylvestris cr&ica C. Bauh. 
P. Michauxii Bosc. 
P. indica Colebr. 

ii. Maftw. 5 - 891 

12. Malus L. Eur. pi. 171, 172. 891 

The common, or wild, Apple Tree. 
P. Mdlus mitt's Wallr. 
Mdlus communis Dec. 
Pommier commun, Fr. 
Genuine Apfelbaum, Ger. 



13. (M. acerba Dec. 



Europe - 892 

The sour-fruited Apple, or common Crab Tree. 
fyrus Mdlus austira Wallr. 
mdlzts actrba Merat. 
Mdlus communis sylvdstris Desf. 
Mdlus sylv^stris Fl. Dan. 
P. Mdlus Sm. 
Pommier sauvageon, Fr. 
Holxapfelbaum, Ger. 

14-. (M.)prunifolia W. t Siberia - 892 
The Plum-tree-leaved Apple. Tree, or Siberian 
Crab. 

P. MiilusB Ait. 
Mdlus hybrida Desf. 

15. (M.) baccata L. * Siberia - 892 
The berry-like-frwted Apple Tree, or Siberian 
Crab. 

Mdlus baccdta Desf. 



CONTENTS. 



Ixvii 



16. (M.) dioica W. % - - 892 

*The dicecious-&rftf Apple Tree. 
P. apdtala Munch. 
Mulus dioica Audib. 

17. (Af.) astracanica Dec. Persia 893 

The Astrachan Apple Tree. 
Mdlus astracanica Dum. 

Varieties of P. Ma/s cultivated for their 
Fruit. - - 893 

The Red Astrachan. 
The White Astrachan. 

The transparent Crab of Moscow. 
The Black Crab. 
The Court pendu plat. 
The Lincolnshire Holland Pippin. 
The Tulip Apple. 
The Violet Apple. 
The Cherry Crab. 

A subvar. of P. (M.) baccdta. 
The Supreme Crab. 
Bigg's Everlasting Crab. 

18. coronaria L. *t North America 

pi. 174. 908 

The garland-flowering Apple Tree. 
Mulus coronaria Mill. 
Crab Apple, Sweet-scented Crab, Amer. 

19. (c.) angustifolia Ait. Carolina 

pi. 175. 909 

The narrow-leaved Apple Tree. 
P. coronaria Wang. 
Mdlus sempervlrens Desf. 
P. pumila Hort. 

20. spectabilis Ait. 2 China 

pi. 176. 909 

The showy-flowering wild Apple Tree, or Chi- 
nese Crab Tree. 

Mulus spectabilis Desf. 
Mdlus sindnsis Dum. 



App. 



Additional Species of Pi/rus belonging 
to the Section Mdlus. - 909 



P. quinquefl&ra Hamilt. 
P. Sievfeii Led. 

P. nov. ip. Sievers. 



- - 910 
21. 4 Via Ehrh. *t Europe - - 910 

The White Beam Tree. 

CraUe'gut AVia var. a. L. 
M&pilus A Via Scop. 
Sdrous A Via Crantz. 
AYtVx Theophrdsti L'Obel. 
White Wild Pear, White Leaf Tree, Red 
Chess Apple, Sea Otiler, Cumberland 
Hawthorn, Gerard. 
Alisicr AUouchier, Alisier blanc, Fr. 
Mehlbeerbaum, Mehlbaum, Ger. 
Aria, Sorba pilosa, Ital. 
Mostaco, Span. 
Axelbeer, Danish. 
Oxilbcar, Swedish. 

Varieties t - 910 

1 obtusi folia Dec. 5f 

P. A. ova Us Hort. 

2 acutifolia Dec. *t 

Cratafgus longifdUa N. Du Ham. 
? P. alplna Willd. 

3 undulata Lindl. pi. 177. 

4 angustifolia Lindl. 5f 

5 rugosa Lindl. 



Page 

6 erotica Lindl. 5f 

P. A. rotundifblia Hort. 
P. grce^ca Hort. 

7 bullata Lindl. % 

P. A. acumindta Hort. 

22. (A.) intermedia Ehrh. If Europe 912 

The intermediate White Beam Tree. 
Cratofgus A Via /S L. 
Crata^gus scdndica Wahl 
Crata^gus suecica Ait. 
Alisier de Fontainebleau, Fr. 
Schwedischcr Mehlbaum, Ger. 

Varieties % - - 912 

1 latifolia Dec. % 

CrattE^gus latifdlia Poir. 
Sdrbus latifdlia Pers, 
Crata^gus denUita Thuil. 

2 angustifolia Dec. * fig. 64O. 

P. ediilis Willd. 

23. (A.) vestita Wall. % Nepal pi. 178. 912 

The clothed White Beam Tree. 
Pi/rus nepaUnsis Hort. 
Sdrbus vestita Lodd. 



App. i. 



Additional Species of Pyrus belong- 
ing to the Section A Via. - 913 



iv. Tormindria Dec. 
24. torminalis Ehrh. 



- 913 



Europe 

pi. 179. 913 

The griping-/ri"ted Service Tree. 
Cratte^gus torminiilis L. 
Sdrbus torminalis Crantz. 
The Maple-leaved Service Tree. 
Alisier des Bois, Fr. 
Elzbear Baum, Ger. 

App. i. Other Species of Pyrus belonging to 
the Section Tormindria. - 915 

P. rivulkris Doug. fig. 642, 643. 



v. Eriolobus Dec. 



- 915 



25. trilobata Dec. % Mount Lebanon 915 



The three-lobed-fearerf Pear Tree. 
lobtita Labill. 



vi. Sorbus Dec. 



26. auriculata Dec. 5f Egypt 

The auricled Service Tree. 
Sdrbut auricuUtta Pers. 



915 
915 



27. pinnatifida Ehrh. 3! Britain. 

pi. 180. 915 

The pinnatifid-teawed Service Tree. 
S<>rbus hljbrida L. 
Pyrus hybrida Sm., not of Willd. 
The Bastard Service Tree. 

Varieties $ - - - 916 

2 lanugindsa 

3 pendula 5f 

Stfrbta h\jbrida ptwittla Lodd. 

4 arbuscula Dec. % 



28. aucuparia Gtsrtn. 



Europe 

pl.181. 916 

The Fowler's Service Tree, or Mountain Ash. 
Sdrbus aucupdria L. 
Mi'.v//////\ aucupdria All. 
Quicken Tree, Quick Beam, Wild Ash, 
Wild Service, Wichen Tree, Rowan 






Ixviii 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

Tree, Rowne Tree, Roan Tree, Roddan, 
Routrv, Mountain Service, Witchen, 
Wild Sorb, Wichen, Whitten, Wiggen 

Sorbier des Oiteleurs, Sorbier des Oiseaux, 

Fr. 

Vogel Beerbaum, Ger. 
Sorbo Salvatico, Ital. 

Varieties - - - 916 

2 fructu luteo 

3 foliis variegatis 

4 fastigiata 

29. americana Dec. % North America 

pi. 182. 920 
The American Service. 

Strbus americana Pursh. 
Sorbits americana var. /3 Michx. 

30. microcarpa Dec. Z North America 921 

The small-fruited Service. 

Srfrfru* aucupdria a. Michx. 
Strbu* micrdntka Dum. 
S6rbiu microcdrpa Pursh. 

31. SorbusG&rtn.t Barbary pi. 183. 921 
The True Service. 

Stirbus domtstica L. 
Yyrtis domdstica Sm. 
The Whitty Pear Tree. 
Cormier, Sorbier cultive, Fr. 
Speyerlingsbaum, Sperberbaum, Ger. 
/orlo, ItS. 



Varieties - 

2 maliformis Lodd. 3t 

La Corme-Pomme, Fr. 

3 pyriformis Lodd. 3t 

La Corme-Poire, Fr. 



- 921 



32. lanuginosa Dec. 



The v/oo\\y-leaved Service Tree. 
P. hybrida lanugindsa Hort. 
Strbus lanttgindsa Kit. 



? Hungary 

pi. 184. 924 



33. spuria Dec. 



Kamtschatka 

pi. 185. fig. 645. 924 



The spurious Service Tree. 
F. hjbrida Mcench. 
Sorbtts sphria Pers. 
Me'spilus sorbtfdlia Poir. 
P. wrbifblia Bosc, not of Sm. 
? P. sambuctfdlia Cham. 



925 



Variety 
2 p^ndula Hort. 

S6rbus hybrida p&ndula Lodd. 
P. spuria sambuctfdlia Hort. Brit. 

App. i. Additional Species of Pyrus belonging 
to the Section Sorbius. - - 925 

P. foliol&sa Wall. 
P. hircina Wall. 
Other Sorts. 

vii. Adenorachis Dec. * - 925 

34. arbutifolia L.fil.* North America 

fig. 646. 925 

The Arbutus-leaved Aronia. 

Cratafgus pyrtfdlia Lam. 

Aronia nyrtfdlia Pers. 

? Crate *gits serrdta Poir. 

M&pilus urbultfblia Schmidt. 

Varieties * - 926 

2 intermedia Lindl. slk 



3 serotina Lindl. ft 

4 piimila ft f. 647, 648. 

Mt'spilns piimila Lodd. 

35. (a.) melanocarpa W. N. America 

fig. 649. 926 

The black-fruited Aronia. 
P. urbuttfdlia /3 Willd. 
Ardnia arbutifdlia Pers. 

Variety ft 927 

2 subpubescens Lindl. ft 

36. (a.) floribunda Lindl. ft North 

America - - 927 

The abundant-flowered Aronia. 

37. (a.) depressaizW/.ft North America 

927 
The depressed Aronia. 

38. pubens Lindl. ft N. America - 927 

The downy-branched Aronia. 

39. grandifolia Lindl. ft North America 

fig. 650. 928 

The large-leaved Aronia. 

viii. ChamcemtspilusDec.!* 928 

40. Chamaemespilus Lindl. ft Europe 

fig. 651. 928 

The dwarf Medlar. 

Crata^gus Chamcemtspilus Jacq. 
Wldspflus Chameemdspilus L. 
Sdrous Chamtemdspilus Crantz. 
The Bastard Quince. 

App. i. Species of Pyrus not sufficiently 
known. ... 923 

P. alniftlia Limit. 
P. tomentosa Dec. 

JAalut tomenOna Dum. 
P. rubicunda Hoffman*. 

XIX. CTDO'NIA Tourn. ft - 929 
THE QUINCE TREE. 

Pyrtis sp. L. 

1. vulgaris Pers. 2 Crete pi. 186. 929 

The common Quince Tree. 
Tyrus Cydania L. 
C. europ^a Sav. 

Varieties - 929 

1 pyriformis Hort. 5E 

2 maliformis Hort. t 

3 lusitanica Du Ham. *t 

2. sinensis Thouin. China pi. 187. 931 

The China Q"ince Tree. 
Pyrus simtnsis Poir. 

3. japonica Pers. ft Japan fig. 952. 931 

The Japan Quince Tree. 

? Yi/rus japdnica Thunb. 
Ch&nomeles japdnica Lindl. 



Varieties at 

2 flore albo afc 

3 flore semi-pleno *. 



- 932 



App. i. Other Species of Cydonia. 932 

C. Sumbdthia Hamilt. 



Page 

Rosaceee, 



I .pp. I. Half-hardy Species of 
Pomece, not belonging to any of the Genera 
containing hardy Species. - 932 

Raphiolepis Lindl. - 932 

indica Lindl. fig. 653. 

Cratte^gus indica L. 
*alicif61ia Limit, fig. 654. 
rubra Limit. 

Crata^evi ritbra Lour. 

Mfrpiliu lint'ntit Poir. 
phieostemon Lindl. 

R. iiulica Hot. Reg. 
Laureiri Spreng. 

Crataffftu (ndica Lour, 
spiralis Don't Mill. 

JAetpilut ipiralit Blume. 

Eriobotrya Lindl. - 933 

japonica Lindl. fig. 655, 656. 

Mespilus japdnica Thunb. 

Crata^gus Bibas Lour. 

Lou-Koet, Japan. 
elliptica Lindl. 

MAftta Cuila Ham. MUS. 
cordata iinrf/. 
obtusifolia Dec. 
chinensis G. Don. 

Kageneckz Ruiz et Pav. - - 934 

crataegoides D. Don. fig. 657. 

K. cratcegifdlia Lindl. 
obUnga R. et P. 
lanceolata. 
glutindsa. 

App. II. Half-hardy Species of Rosacece, 
belonging to the Suborder Sanguisorbece. 934 

Margyricarpus setbsus R. et P. - -^ 934 

E'mpetrum pinndtum Lam. Diet. 
clstrum barbdtu 



CONTENTS. 



Ixix 



Ancistrum barbdtum Lam. 111. 
Cercocarpus fbCbentllpUfe* H. B. et Kunth. 

Bertoldnia. guieroldes Moc. et Sesse. 
Acae^na Vahl. 
Potdrium L. 
spinosum L. 
caudatum Ait. 



CliflFortirt 

ilicifblia L. 
obcordata L. 



fig. 658. 



- 934 

- 934 



- 935 



Calycanthdcece Lindl. * 935 
I. CALYCA'NTHUS Lindl. & 935, 936 

THE CALYCANTHUS, or American Allspice. 
Calycunthi sp. L. 
Buttnlria. Du Ham., not ofL. 
Seurrtriz Ehrh. 
Bast&ri& Adams. 
Pompadour A Bucho%. 
Calycante, Fr. 
Ketch Blume, Ger. 

1. floridus L. & N. America f. 659. 936 

The flowery Calycanthus, or Carolina Allspice. 
C. stMlis Walt. 

Sweet-scented Shrub, in Carolina. 
Common American Allspice. 

Varieties Sit - - - 936 

1 oblongus Dec. i 

2 ovatus Dec. &t 

3 asplenifolius Lodd. Sfc 

4 ferax Lodd. & 

5 glaucus Lodd. t 

6 inodorus Lodd. Sk 

7 longifolius Lodd. * 

8 variegatus Lodd. Sfc 



Page 

2. (f.) glaucus mild, at Carol, f. 660. 937 

The glaucous-leaved Calycanthus, or fertile- 
flowered American Allspice. 
C.ftrtflis Walt. 

Variety ... 937 
2 oblongifolius Nutt. & 

3. laevigatus Willd. * N. Amer. f. 661. 937 

The glabrous-^-af^d Calycanthus. 
C. ferax Michx. 
C. pennsylvdnicus Lodd. 

II. CHIMONA'NTHUS Lindl. * 

935. 937 
THE CHIMONANTHUS, or Winter Flower. 

Mer'ria Nees. 
Calycdnthi sp. L. 

1 . fragrans Lindl. * Japan f. 662. 938 

The fragrant-flowered Chimonanthus. 
Calycanthus prce^cox L. 
Merdtia fragrans Nees. 
O^bai, or Rhbai, Ksempf. 
The Winter Flower. 
Calycante de Japan, Fr. 
Japanische Kelch Blume, Ger. 

Varieties ^ - - 938 

2 grandiflorus Lindl. & f. 663. 

3 liiteus Hort. & 



GranatdcecB D. Don. 



I. PU N NICA Town. i 

THE POMEGRANATE TREE. 

The Carthaginian Apple. 
Grenadier, Gr. 
Granate, Ger. 
Melograno, Ital. 
Granados, Span. 

1. Crranatum L. * Asia 

The common Pomegranate Tree. 
Varieties 

1 rubrum Dec. f. 664. 

2 r. flore pleno Trew. ik 

3 albescens Dec. SI 

4 a. flore pleno Dec. * 

5 flavum Hort, Sfe 



939 
.939 



- 939 



939 



2. 



nana i.tJ 



Tlie dwarf Pomegranate. 

P. americdna ndna Tourn. 
P. Grandtum ndnum Pers. 



North America 
fig. 065. 942 



Qnagrdcea Lindl. 



_J942 



*i_l *_J 



F&chsia L. * t_J _| 

microphjlla H. B. rf A-u.^A. * | _ ( fig. 
(hymifblia H. B. et Kunth. * I _ I 
r&sea Auis et Pav. * I _ | 

F. lyciSide* Hot. Reg. 
parviftora Z-ind/. * I _ | 

F. ovitta Moc. et Sesse. 
arborescens Sim*, f I _ I 

F. racemota Moc. et Ssse. 

F. ama?na Hort. 

F. tomelitode* Mot. et Setf. 



Ixx 



CONTENTS. 



grfcills LlmH. *l I 

F. decuttata Grah. 

var. 2 multifl6ra Lindl. * l_J 
macros temon Ruiz et Pav. * I 

var. 2 tenella D. | I * 

F. grdcilu var. tentfUa Lindl. 
cdnija Lindl. I I 
Tirgata Sri-/. *l I 
coccinea Ait. * I I fig. 667. 

F . pendula Salisb. 

F. maffelldnica Lam. 

Nahiisia cocc/rca Schneevoogt. 

SArnra cocc/nea Moench. 

apetala Ruiz et Pav. * | | 

discolor Lindl. * \ | 

bacillaris Lindl. * | | 

hjbrida Srat. * I j 

globbsa Hort. * I I 

var. 2 Iongifl6ra Hort, *. i I 
longiflora Hort. * I I 

F. longipedunculiita Beaton, 
specidsa Hort. I I 
grand iflora Hort. * i I 

prieVox Hort. * I I 

Thompsbnii Hort. * I 1 
excorticata i. Jii. *l I fig- 668- 

Skinner* excorticata Forst. 
Other Varieties 



Page 



'Lythrdcece. 



Hehma * I 

*alicif61ia Link et Otto. | fig. 669. 

Nea?a salicifolia H. B. et Kunth. 

LyMrum Jldvum Spreng. 
myrtifdlia Hort. Berol. * | 

Lythrum apfliilum Spreng. 
linearifolia Hort. * I 

H . salicifolia var. 
syphilitica Dec. <t __| 



indica L. it I I fig. 670. 
parvif olia Roxb. * Q 
reginffi Hor6. * D 



945 

- 945 



Tamaricdce<B. 



. 946 



I. TA'MARIX Desv. fife - 946, 947 
THE TAMARISK. 

The species qf Tdmarix of authors that 

have 4 stamens and 5 stamens. 
Tamaris, Fr. 
Tamarisken, Ger. 

1. gallica.L. * France - fig. 67 1.947 

The French Tamarisk. 

T. narbontnsis Lob. 
Tamariscus gdllicus All. 
Tamariscus pentdndrus Lam. 

Varieties * - - 948 

1 stibtilis Ehrenberg & 

2 narbonensis Ehrh. & 

3 nilutica Ehrh. * 

4 arborea Sieb. & 

5 mannifera Ehrh. 3fe 

6 heterophylla Ehrh. Si 

7 libanotica Lodd. * 

The Rosemary -like Tamarisk. 

App. i. Other hardy Species or Varieties of 
Tdmarix. * - - 948 

T. tetrandra Pal. 3fc 

T. gdllica Habl. 
T. laxa Willd. 3fe 
T. elongata Led. 3* 
T. gr4cilig Willd. S& 
T. hfspida Willd. & 

T. pentdndra var. Pall. 

T. gdllica var. /9 Willd. 

T. lomentbta Smith. 

T. eanSicfnt Desv. 



r. ramoslssima Le<{. Sfe 

T. gatlica Sievers. 
T. Pallas.'.' Desv. 3fc 

T. pentdndra Pall. 

T. ^u'//ira Bieb. 

T. paniculata Stev. 
T. cupressif6rmis Led. ^fe 
T. parviflora Dec. * 
T. tetragyna Ehrenb. 3fe 
. effiisa Ehrenb. ^ 



Page 



App. ii. Half-hardy Sorts of Tdmarix. 949 



T. africina Poir. 

T. grfco var. y Willd. 
T. canariensis Willd. 
T. pycnocArpa Dec. 
T. passerinuides Del. 

var. I divaricata Ehrh. 
2 Hamm6ni* Ehrh. 
Z macrocarpa Ehrh. 
Other Species or Sorts. 



II. MYRICA V RIA Desv. * 946. 949 
THE MYRICARIA. 

The species of Tdmarix of authors that 
have monadelphous stamens. 

1. germanica JDm>. * Europe f. 672. 949 

The German Myricaria, or German Tamarisk. 
Tdmarix germdnica L. 
TamariscuA gcrmdnicus Lob. 
Tamariscus decdndrus Lam. 
Tdmarix decdndra Moench. 
Tamaris d 1 Allemagne, Fr. 
Deutschen Tamarisken, Ger. 



2. dahurica Dec. & Siberia 

The Dahurian Myricaria. 

Tdmarix dahurica Willd. 



- 949 



App. i. 



Other Sorts of Myricaria not yet 
introduced. - - 950 



M. squamdsa Desv. 

? M. dahurica var. 
M. longifbliaDec. 

Tdmarix germdnica Pall. 

Tdmarix decdndra Pall. 

Tdmarix longtfdlia Willd. 

M. linearifdlia Desv. 
M. herbacea Desf. 

Tumarix germdnica subherbdcea Pall. 
M. bracteata Royle. 
M. elegans Royle. 



Philadelphdcea. 



950 



PHILADE'LPHUS L. st - 950, 951 

THE PHILADELPHIA, or Mock Orange. 
Syringa Tourn., not ofL. 
Philadelphus, Fr. 
Pfeifcnstrauch (Pipe Shrub), Ger. 
Pipe Privet, Gerard. 
The Syringa of the gardens. 



i. Stems stiff and straight. 
Racemes. 



Flowers in 
- 951 
coronarius L. * South Europe 

fig. 673. 951 
The garland Philadelphus. 

Syringa suaveolens Moanch. 

Varieties flfe - - 951 

1 vulgaris Schkuhr. at 

2 nanus Mill. * 

3 flore pleno Lodd. * 

4 variegatus Lodd * 



r CONTENTS. Ixxi 


Pgt 
2. (c.) inodorus//. * Carolina f.674. 952 


Page 
C. gracili* R. Br. lik | | . 957 


The scentless-./fcwcm* Philadelphus. 
Syrlnga inodora Mcench. 


C. quadrifida R. Br. 4fc | | . . 957 
C. clavata Cunningh. dfe | | . . 957 


P. laxus in many English gardens. 


Melaleuca squamea Labill. Sifc | | - 957 




M. linearifolia Sm. Slk l_l - - fig. 685 957 


3. (c.) Zejheri Schrad. it N. Amer. 952 

Zeyher's Philadelphus. 


Uletrotiderei hytnijriflilia Cay. 
M. pulch^lla R. Br. & I I - 957 
M. Aypericifolia Sm. !tt l_| - fig. 687 957 


4. verrucosus Schrad. * North America 


M. s!|uarr6saSm. Sfc | | - 957 
Eud&mia tetragona . Br. | | - fig. 686 958 


f. 675. 952 




The warted Philadelphus. 


Sect. II. EULEPTOSPE'RME^E. luJ n_J 958 


P. grandiflorus Lindl. 


EncalyptusresiniferaSm.il | - fig. 688, 689. 691. 958 


5. (v.) latifolius Schrad. s N. America 


The Iron Bark Tree. 
E. robusta Sm. f | | . . - pi 188 959 


fig. 676. 953 


The String Bar* TrTe. 


The broad-leaved Philadelphus. 
P. pubtscens Cels. 


E. viminalis LabUl. 1 l_J - fig. 692, 693. 959 
E.omygdalinaiaW//. i 1 | . fig. 694, 695. 959 
E. piperlta Sm. f_ ( ( . fi R . 696, 697. 959 


6. (y. ) floribundus Schrad. & N. Amer. 953 

The abundant-flowered Philadelphus. 


The lilue Gum Tret. 
E. cordata Lalrill. $ l 1 . fig. 698. 959 
E. pulverulmta Sim*. T l__J - - fig. 697. 959 


ii. Stems more slender, rambling, twiggy, 


E. diversitolia Bonpl. j | | . . 959 


and loose. Flowers solitary, or 2 or 3 
together. - - 954 
7. laxus Schrad. * N. Amer. f. 677. 954 

The loose-growing Philadelphus. 
P. humilis Hort. 


E. niprtfa Hort'. Berol. 
E. hetervphijlla Swt. 
E. an&utifalia Hort. 
Several other Species of Eucal5'ptns - - 959 
Angrfphora cordifolia Car. tt \ 1 . gqg g 6o 
Metrotideros hispidu, Sm. 
A. lanceolata Car. tt \ | . fig. 702. 950 


P. pubescens Lodd. 






Metrosidfroi spttiidens Gsertn. 


8. (1.) grandiflorus Wttld. * N. Amer. 954 


Callistemon olignns Dec. *k | | . . 960 


The large-flowered Philadelphus. 
P. inodorus Hort. 


Metrotidcros sultgnus Sm. 
C. lanceohltus Dec. * | | - . fi _ 70O 9fio 
Metrotiderot lanceuljlu* Sm. *' 96 


P. Idxus Lodd. 


JMetrotidero* cflrina Bot. Mag. 


9. hirsutus Nutt. North America. 


Metrosideros corifolius Vent. H \ | . fie 7O5 Qfil 
The Coris-leaved Iron Wood. 


f. 678, 678 a. 954 
The hairy-leaved Philadelphus. 
P. vilttsus and P. grdcilis Lodd. 


Ltpiotpe-rmum amUguim. Sm. 
Leptosp*mum grandifolium Sm. * | | . fig. 701. 961 
L. lanigerum Ait. ft \ ) 
Philadelphia lanfgerut Ait. 


10. tomentosus Wall. Sfe Nepal - 955 


Billotirt marginata R. Br. H | i . 961 
Lepiospermum marKinatum Labill. 


The woolly-leaved Philadelphus. 
P. nepale'nsis Lodd. 
? P. triflorus Royle. 


B. flexuosa D. Don. * |_J - - 961 
Fabricia myrtifoliaGr<n. * | | - - fig 703 961 
F. stricta Lodd. * 1 | - - - %1 
Bae'ckirt virgata Andr- * | | - - filt 704 961 




Leptotpfrmian virg&tumForsk. 


II. DECUMA^RIA L. & -J * 950. 955 


Melaleiica virgata L. fil. 


THE DECUMARIA. 
Fors$thi& WaU. t not of Vahl. 


Sect. III. Afy'RTE^E. 1 _J i_j 95] 


1. barbara L. JL Carolina f. 679, 680. 955 


fsidium Cattleyu'niini Sabine. T 1 1 c a 7 /v- aK -. 
Cattlev's Guava. ng. <Ut>. 9(1 


The barbarous Decumaria. 


P. coriaceum Marsh. 


D. radlcans Mcench. 


P. chintuse Lodd. 


-D. Forsythia Michx. 
D. prostnita Lodd. 


Myrtus communis L. iuJ - - 961 
The common Myrtle. 


Variety Jk - - - 955 


Varieties m\ I . . 953 


2 sarmentosa Dec. Jc 




D. sarmentosa Bosc. 


i. Melanocdrpa Dec. ft i | - 963 


Forsfthia. scdndens Walt. 

App. I. Half-hardy ligneous Plants of the 
Order "Philadelphdcea. - 956 
Deutzia scabra Thunb. *-J f. 681. 950. 


1 romana Dec. * \ | 
The common broad-leaved, or Roman Myrtle 
2 tarentlna Mill. J c . m\_J 

siaas^^s^S 11 ^ 

4Kc a a^"^'S- 


D. corymbosa R. Br. 


5 Th <! ^."da'usian, or Orange-leaved, Myrtle. 


VMladelphus corymbdsus Wall. 

D. staminea R. Br. 


The Portugal MyrtleT 
M. ii<-tit,'i Mill. Diet. 


hi/<i<telphui itamfneut Wall. 




D. Bruiv.niM Wall. 


fi Kxi!: \f'tt 7^' ^P^ Myrtle l i f 


Leptotpe-rmum icdbrum Wall. 


The broad-leaved Dutch Myrtle. 

7 minSaSt^Sg 5 ^ M ^ e - 


Myrtdcece. 1 i_J * i_J i_j 956 


The Rotanary, or Thyme-leaved Myrtle. 


Sect. I. MELALEU'CE^B. 1 i_J ft i_J - 956 

Tristania neriifblia R. Br. * i_J . fi K . 682. 956 


^ ii. Leucocdrpa Dec. *| | . 953 
8 leucocfirpa Dec. * i l 
The white-berried MyrtleT 


Melalnca nertifMia Sims. 
MeltUeiica salictfolia Bot. Rep. 


\ iii. Garden Varieties. Hi | . 953 


Beaufdrtia decussata R. Br. 3k i J . fig. 633. 957 
Calothamnus villosa . Br. sifc | | . fig. 534. 957 


1. Gold-striped broad-leaved Myrtle 

k . 1 



Ixxii 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

2. Broad-leaved Jew's Myrtle * uJ , 

3. Gold-striped Orange-leaved Myrtle 

* l | 

4. Silver-striped Italian Myrtle * | | 

5. Striped-leaved Myrtle i | 

6 Silver-striped Rosemary leaved 
Myrtle * i_J 

7. Silver-striped Nutmeg Myrtle 

* l 1 

8. Cock's-comb, or Bird's-nest Myrtle 

it i i 

9. Spotted-leaved Myrtle * i | 

*/. tomentosa Ait. * l_J - - g- 707. 964 

M. cantscent Ix>ur. 
M . tenuifblia Sm. *t I I - 

Sect. IV. CHAM,ELAUCIE\!. * i_l - 964 

Chamcelancium ciliJltum Desf. * I I 
Calythrix glabra R. Br. * | | 
C. ericSJdes Cunningh. * I I 
Darwfnta fascicularis Rudge. U-J 



- 964 
fig. 708. 964 

- 964 

- 964 



Passiflordcea. 1 1 1 -J 964 



Fasti fl oi a cserulea L. 1 

var. a angustif61ia Hort. 1 
Z glaucophtflla Hort. 1 

4 Colvillit Swt. 1 

5 racembsa Hort. 1 



fig. 709. 964 



P. <ili!Ef61ia L. JL I I 

u-lu:ived 



fig. 710. 965 

_ - 965 

The Lime-tree-leaved Passion Flower. 

Other Species or Varieties. - 965 

Disemma odiantif61ia Dtc. 1 I g- 71 1. 965 

Pa*\fli>ra adianttfblia Bot. Mag. 
racrtmiapinnatistipulaJuw. 1 1 

Patiiftbra pinnatittfpula Cav. 



Crassuldcece. **- *i_J 965 

Sedum oopulifblium L. n. - %5 

The Poplar-leaved Sedum, or Stonecrop. 
\nacdmpseros populi'Jolia Haw. 



ivum arb6reuE 
e Houseleek. 



t I 



Mesembrydcece. 



Metembrjtathemum L. 



Nitraridcece Lindl. * 
I. NITRA V RIA L. & . 

THE NITRA N RIA. 

1. Schoberi L. * Russia - 

Schober's Nitraria. 

Varieties 3fc - 

1 sibirica * fig. 713. 

N. sibirica Pall. 

2 caspica & fig. 7 1 4. 

N. cdspica Pall. 

2. tridentata Desf. J* Barbary 



flg. 712. 965 



966 

966 



- 966 

- 966 

966 



- 967 



Cactdcece. 



Page 
967 



Opftntia vulgaris Mill. tt_ | 

The common Indian Fig, or Prickly Ptar. 
Cdcttu Opuntia L. 



Grossuldcece Dec. * -* 967 

I. RDBES L. a Jt - - 967, 968 
THE RISES. 

Grossularia Tourn. 

Chrysobdtrya, Calbbdtrya, Coretisma, 

and Rfebes, Spach. 
Groseiller, Fr. 
Johannisbeerc, Ger. 
Kruisbes, Dutch. 
Uva Spina, Ital. 
Grosella, Span. 

i. Grossuldrice Ach. Rich. & - 968 
A. Flowers greenish white. 

1. oxyacanthoidesi.* Canada f.7 15. 968 

The Hawthorn-feafed Gooseberry. 

2. setosum Lindl. & N. Am. f.7 16. 969 
The bristly Gooseberry. 

3. triflorum W. North America 



The three-flowered Gooseberry. 
R. stamineum Horn. 



fig. 7 17. 969 



4. (t.) nlveum Lindl. 



North America 
fig. 718. 969 

The snowy-flowered Currant-like Gooseberry. 

5. (t^CynosbatiL.afe Canada f.7 19. 970 

The Dog-Bramble Gooseberry. 
R. ? triflorum var. 

6. (t.)divaricatumDoMg/.* N.America 

fig. 720. 970 

The spreading-6ranc<tf Gooseberry. 
R. ? triflorum var. 
R. ? GrossuUiria var. trifldra subvar. 

7. (t.) irriguum Dougl. & North America 

fig. 721. 971 
The well-watered Gooseberry. 
R. ? triflorum var. 

8. hirtellum Michx. & N. America 971 

The slightly hairy-branched Gooseberry. 

9. gracile Michx. & North America 971 

The slender -branched Gooseberry. 

10. aciculare Smith & Siberia - - 971 

The acicular-s;>mZ Gooseberry. 
R. ITva-crlspa Sievers. 

11. Grossularia L. * Europe -972 

The common Gooseberry. 

R. iTva-crlspa CEd. Fl. Dan. 

Grossuldria hirsiita Mill. 

R. ITva-crispa var. 5 sattva Dec. 

Feaberry, Cheshire and the N. of England. 

Feabes, Norfolk. 

Grozert, in Scotland. 

Groseiller u Maaucreau, Fr. 

Griselle, in Piedmont. 

Gemeine Stachelbeere, Ger. 

Uva Spina, Ital. 



ENTS. 



Ixxni 



Varieties & - - 97 

2 LNa-crispa Sm. tt 
R. ITva-crispa L. 
ITva-crispa Fuch. 
L^va-splna Math. 
R. L^va-crispa var. 1" sylvestri 
Berlandier. 

3 spinosissima Ber 

4 recliuata BerL MSS. & 

R. reclinatum L. 
Grossularia rcclimita Mill. 

5 Besseriana Berl. MSS. * 

R. hybridum Besser. 

6 subinermis BerL MSS. & 

? R. G. reclindta subvar. 

7 macrocarpa Dec. at 

8 bracteata Berl. MSS. 3k 
Other J'arieties. 3fe 

The Red Champagne, & 
Horseman's Green Gage. & 
The Red Rose. & 

Sorts of Gooseberries belonging to this Division not 
yet introduced. - - 974 

saxosum Hoot. 

R. *ajr,ilite Dougl. MSS. 
R. triflornm Bigel. 
. rotundifolium Michx. 
, caucHsicum Adamt. 

? R. G. U*ra-cr(spa lubrar. 
. cuneifolium ft. et P. 
cucullatum Hook, et Arn. 

B. Flowers red. 

J. specidsum Pursh. & California 

fig. 722. 974 

The showy -flowered Gooseberry. 
R. stamlneum Sm. 
R./wrrtsioldes Fl. Mex. 
R. triacanthum Menzies. 

a. Sorts of Gooseberries not yet introduced belong- 
ing to this Subsection. - - 975 
R. Menziesii Pursh. 
R. ferox Sm. 
R. microphj'llum H. B. et Kuiilh. 

ii. Botrycarpum Dec. SI - 975 

13. orientale Pair. 3fe Syria - - 975 

The Eastern Currant-like Gooseberry. 

14. saxatile Pall. A Dahuria - 976 

The rock Currant-like Gooseberry. 
? R. alp/num Sievers. 

15. Diacantha L.fil. & fig. 723. 976 

The twin-prickled Currant-like Gooseberry. 

16. lacustre Poir. * N. Amer. f. 724. 976 

The lake-side Currant-like Gooseberry 
? R. oxyacantholdes Michx. 
R. echindtum Dougl. MS. 

iii. Ribesia Dec. & ~& - 977 

A. Flowers greenish, or greenish yellow, or reddish ; 
and Fruit, in a wild State, red. - 977 

17. rubrum L. & Europe - - 977 

The common red Currant. 

R. vulgdre N. Du. Ham. 
Groseillcr common, Fr. 
Gem cine Joluuinisbeere, Ger. 
Roode Aallesscn Boom, Dutch. 

Varieties 3k - _ . 977 

1 sylvestre Dec. 'it 

2 hortcnse Dec. & 

R. ruin-urn Lois. 



Page 

3 carneum BerL MSS. sit 

R. ritbrum domtsticum 2 baccis 
cdrneis Wallr. 

4 variegatum Dec. it 

5 album Deaf. & 

6 foliis luteo variegatis Du Ham.^tt 

7 foliis <ilbo variegatis Du ffam.St 

18. (r.)alpinum L. sa Europe f. 725. 979 

The alpine red Currant. 

Varieties & . . . 979 

1 sterile tFallr. * 

R. dioicum Moench. 

2 bacciferum WaUr. aJu 

3 pumilum Lindl. ^ f. 726. 

4 foliis variegatis Hort. sS 

19. (r.) petra?\im Wulf. * Carinthia 

fig. 727. 979 
The rock red Currant. 
R. alpinum Delarb. 
The woolly-leaved Currant. 
The red Marsh-mallow-leaved Currant. 

20. (r.) spicatum Robs. * England 

fig. 728. 980 

The spiked-Jloteered red, or Tree, Currant. 

21. (r.) carpathicum Kit. & Carpathian 

Mountains - - 980 

The Carpathian red Currant. 
R. actrrimum Rochel. 

22. (r.) multiflorum Kit. 3fe Croatia 

fig. 729. 980 

The many-flowered red Currant. 
R. spicatum Schultes. 

23. (r.) procumbens Pall. -* Siberia 

fig. 730. 981 

The procumbent red Currant. 
R. polycdrpon Gmel. 

J4. (r.) prostratum L. -* North America 
fig. 731. 981 



The prostrate red Currant. 
R. glandulosum Ait. 

Variety Jc 
2 laxiflorum ** 

R. offline Dougl. MSS. 
R. laxiflorum Pursh. 



- 981 



5. (r.) resinosum Pursh. * N. America 

fig, 732. 981 

The resinous red Currant. 

6. (r.) trffidum Michx. -* N. Amer. 981 

The trifid-calyxed red Currant. 

7. (r.) albinervum Michx. * Canada 982 

The white-nerved-teamf red Currant. 

8. rigens Michx. * Canada - 982 

The stiff-racemed red Currant. 

9. punctatum R.et P.st Chili f.733. 982 
The dotted.leavcd red Currant. 

0. (p.) glandulosum R. et P. & Chili 982 

The glandular-tv//y.r<rf red Currant. 

h 



Ixxiv 



CONTENTS. 



a. Specie* or Varieties o/ Rlbes belonging to the Sub- 
division A of the Section Ribdsia, which are not 
yet introduced. - - 983 

R. fra!*ran.s Pall. 
R. hetenitrichum Meyer. 
R. bracteosum Dmigl. 
R. tubiflorum Meyer. 
R. tubulosum Es'chscholtz 
R. inacrdbotrvs R. et P. 
R. albiflorum" K. et P. 
R. ciliatum Willd. 

R. jontlle-nse H. B. et Kunth. 
R. hirtum Thunb. et Btvipl. 

H.fr(eidum H. B. et Kunth. 
R. campanulatum Thiinh. et Bompl. 

R. a/fine H. B. et Kunth. 
R. Kunth.V Berl. 

R. muIMdrum H. B. et Kunth, not of Kit. 
R. Taki'ire D.Don. 
R. aruminatum Wall. 
R. villosum Wall. 

B. Flowers greenish yellow, sometimes with the Tips 
of the Sepals and Petals red. Fruit Slack. 983 

31. nigrum L. & Europe fig. 734-. 983 

The black Currant. 

R. dlidum Mcench 
Capis Poivrier, Fr. 
Schwartxe Johannisbeere, Ger. 

Varieties di - - - 984 

2 bacca flavida Card. Mag. Sfc 

3 bacca viride Hort. & 

4 foliis variegatis Vilmorin. & 
Garden Varieties. 

32. (n.) triste Pall. & Siberia 985 

The sad-coloured, or dark-blossomed, black 
Currant. 
R. altdicum Lodd. 

33. (n.) floridum L'Herit. st N. America 

fig. 735. 985 

The flowery black Currant. 
R. nigrum 2 L. 
R. pcnnsylydnicum Lam. 
R. recurvdtum Michx. 
Ribesium nigrum, #c. Dill. 

Varieties & - 986 

2 grandifldrum Hort. 3fe 

3 parviflorum Hort. dfc 

34. (n.) inebrians Lindl. Sfe N. America 

fig. 736. 986 
The intoxicating black Currant. 

35. cereum Dougl. * N. W. America 

fig. 737. 986 

The waxy-leaved black Currant. 

36. viscosissimum Pursh. & N. America 

fig. 738. 987 

The very clammy black Currant. 
Coredsma viscosissima Spach. 

37. hudsonianum Richardson. * North 

America - - 987 

The Hudson's Say black Currant. 
R. petioldre Dougl. 

38. glaciale Wall. & Nepal - - 987 

The icy black Currant. 

a. Species or Varieties of Rlbes belonging to the Di- 
vision B of the Section Ribesia, which have not 
yet been introduced - - 987 

R. BiehersteSnn Berl. 

R. caucdticum Bieb. 
viscosum R. et P. 



. C. Flowers deep red. Fruit black. 

39. sanguineum Pursh. * N. America 

fig. 739. 988 

The bloody, or red-flowered, Currant. 
R. malvdceitm Sm. 
Calobutrya sanguinca Spach. 

Varieties & - - 988 

2 glutinosum lienth. &. f. 740. 

R. angmtum Dougl. MSS. 

3 malvaceum Benth. & f. 741. 

4 atro-rubens Hort. & 

a. Species or Varieties of Rlbes belonging to the Divi- 
sion C of the Section Ribdsia, which have not yet 
been introduced. - - - 989 

40. atro-purpureum Meyer. 3fc Siberia 989 

The dark purple-cowered Currant. 

Varieties & - - 989 

1 Flowers deep purple, &c. 31 

2 Leaves rather pubescent, &c. 3fc 

3 Flowers paler, &c. * 

iv. Symphacalyx Dec. <3fe - 989 

41. aureum Pursh. N. Am. f. 742. 989 

The golden-cowered Currant. 



R. palmdta Desf. 
Chrysobofrya revoluta Spach. 



- 989 



Varieties & 

1 prae v cox Lindl. & 

2 villosum Dec. & 

R. longifldrum Fraser's Cat. 

3 serotinum Lindl. 8k f. 743. 

42. (a.) tenuiflorum Lindl. & N. Amer. 

fig. 744. 990 

The slender- flowered Currant. 
R. aureum Colla. 
R. flavum Berl. 
R. missouriensis Hort. 
Chrysobotrya Liitdlcyana Spach. 

Varieties - - - 990 

1 fructu nigro 3fe 

2 frutu luteo Sfe 

43. (a.) flavum Coll. 9 . ..- - 990 
The yellow-flowered Currant. 

R. aureum 3 sanguineum Lindl. 
R. palnuitum Desf. 
R. aureum Ker, but not of Pursh. 
Chrysobdtrya intermedia Spach. 

A pp. i. A Classification of the Species and 
Varieties of Ribes in the Horticultural So- 
ciety's Garden in 1836. - 990 



Escattoniaceae. 



* l_J 



992 
992 



I. /'TEA L. & - 

THE ITEA. 

Cedrila Lour. 
Diconangia Michx. 

1. virgfnica L. * N. Amer. f. 745. 992 

The Virginian Itea. 



II. ESC ALLOWS Mutis. 

THE ESCALLONIA, 

Storoj-yfon R. ot P. 



- 993 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxv 



riibra Pers. * J - fig. 746. 993 
Varieties m I . _ 993 

1 glabriuscula Hook, ct Arn. I 

2 albiflbra I look, ct Arn. * 

E.j>lamdultua Bot. Cab. 

3 pubescens Hook, et Arn. * | | 

montevidensis Dec. * J fig. 74-7. 993 

E, floribunda var. $ inoutcvidensis Schlecht. 
. b(fida Link ct Otto. 

floribunda H. B. d Kitnth. * _J 994 
resinosa Pers. * I - - - 994 

Sh-rfij-ylon rcsindsum 11. et P. 

pulverulenta Pers. a _J - 994 

Steretxylon pitloeruUntum R. et P. 



Saxifrdgece. a ^i_j *_j 294 

Tribe HYDRA'NGE^E. Sfe & i I & I 

HYDRA'NGEA . afe auJ *_l 994 

THE HYDRANGEA. 

Hydrdngea and Hortensia, Jttss. 

arborescens L. & North America 

fig. 748. 994 

The arborescent Hydrangea. 

Varieties &. - - 995 

1 vulgaris Ser. 3fe 

H. vulgaris Micbx. and ? Pursh. 
H. arborescens Curt. 
H.frutdscens Moanch. 

2 discolor Ser. dfe 

(a.) cordata Pursh. afe North America 
fig. 749. 995 

The cordate-leaved Hydrangea. 

3. nivea Michx. 3fe North America 

fig. 750. 995 

The snowy-leaved Hydrangea. 

H. radiata Walt., not of Sm. 

Variety - 995 

2 glabella Ser. 

4. ^uercifolia Bartram. a North America 

fig. 751. 995 

The Oak-leaved Hydrangea. 

H. radiata Sm., not of Walt. 

5- heteromalla D. Don. & Nepal 996 

The diverse-haired-fcawd Hydrangea. 
App. i. Half-hardy Species of Hydrdngea. 996 

II. Hort&ufe Sieb. !tt _J fig. 752. 
The Chinese Guelder Rose. 

H. horU'ntit Sm. 

HorifnriHi opulliidet Lam. 

HortSntia tpecwsn IVrs. 

Primula miitubili* Lour. 

VMrMM terrdtum and Vi/i<rnum <ofn/ojum Thunb. 

H. vestita Wa//. 5ife I | 

H. altissima Wall. Xt \ | 



Umbelldcece. * i_i 
I. -BUPLEU^RUM TWw. 



THE BUPLEUHL-M, or 7/are'j Ear. 

Tenitria. and Buprtsiis Spreng. 
Stseli Bauh. and Mor. 
J>t<l>lion\ Oreille de Lievre, Fr. 
Hascnb'hrlcin, Ger. 



997 



997 



Page 

1. fruticosumi. * S. Europe f.753. 997 

The shrubby Bupleurum. 

Tend rinf rut icdsa Spreng. 
'Buprcstixfrufirotifi S prong. Mag. 
Resell a-thii'ipicum Bauii. 
Se'selifrbtex Mor. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of the Genus 
Bupleurum. - - 998 

B. gibraUaricum Lam. * I | 

B. coridceum L'Herit. 

B. obliquum Vahl. 

B. arborticeni Jacq. 

Tenoria coritlcea Spraig. 

B. verticale Ort. 
fl. plantagmeum J>*/. Ifc I 

Ten.iria flantagfnea Spreng. 
B. canescens Schoutb. A i I 
B. ftutescens L. it \ | 



Aralidcece. * ft. - 998 
I. ARA N LIA L. & . . -998 

THE ARALIA, or Angelica Tree. 
Aral fa sp. L. 
Ardlite ver<e Blum. 

I. spinosa L. & N. America f. 754. 999 

The spiny Aralia. 

Aralie, Fr. and Ger. 
Spikenard, N. Amer.. 

Other suffruticose Species of Aralia. - 999 

II. //"E'DERA Swartz. A- - 998, 999 
THE IVY. 

Aralia, sect. Gymnopterum Blum. 
Hedera and Aralia so. L. 
Lierre, Fr. 
Ep/ien, Ger. 

1. #elix L. i. Europe - - 1000 

The common Ivy. 

Varieties ft. . 1OOO 

1 vulgaris Dec. ft. f. 755. 

2 canariensis Dec. ft. 

H. canariensis W T illd. 
? 3 chrysocarpa Dec. ft. 
H. podtica C. Bauh. 
H. chrysocarpa Dalech. 
H. T)ionysias J. Bauh. 
H. Htfur Wall. 

Additional Varieties in British Gar- 
dens. 

4 foliis argenteis ocfc?. ft. 
The &i\\rr -striped Ivy. 

5 foliis aureis Lodd. ft. 
The golden-s/rj>?rf Ivy. 

6 digitata Lodd. ft. 

The palmate, or hand-shaped, Ivy. 

7 arborescens Lodd. ft. 

The arborescent, or Tree, Ivy. 



Hamameliddcece. $ & IOOG 
I. #AMAME V LIS L. % & 1006, 1007 

fch Hazel. 



. 

THB HAMAMELIS, or Wych Hazel. 
th. 



1. virgfnica L. 



The Virginian Hamamelis. 

I'irginischc Zaubcrnuss, Ger 

h 2 



North America 
fig. 756, 757. 1007 



Ixxvi 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

Varieties - - - 1008 

2 parviflora Nutt. 

3 macrophylla. 

H. macrophylla Pursh. 

A pp. i. Other Species, not yet introduced. 1008 

H. persica Dec. 
H. chincnsis 11. Br. 



II. FOTHERGrLL^ L. 

THE FOTHERGI'LLA. 

\\ainam2lis L. 



1007, 1008 



1. fllnifolia L. * North America 1008 

The Alder-leaved Fothergilla. 
F. Gdrdeni Michx. 
flamam&lis ?nonoica L. 

Varieties A - - - 1008 

1 obtusa Sims. & f. 759. 

F. major Lodd. 
F. alntfdlia L. fil. 

2 acuta Sims. & 

F. Gdrdeni Jacq. 

3 major 5ms. * f. 758. 

4 serotina Sims. & 



CorndcecB. $ * 1009 

L CO'RNUS L. * - 1009 

THE DOGWOOD. 

Cornouiller, Fr. 
Hartriegel, Ger. 

i. NudiftorcB Dec. $ 3fe - 1010 

1. altcrnifolia //. & i North America 

fig. 760. 1010 

The alternate-leaved Dogwood. 
C. alttrna Marsh. 

2. sangulnea L. * North America 

fig. 761. 1010 

The blood-red-leaved, or common, Dogwood. 

C.fce'mma Raii. 

Virga sanguinea Matth. 

Female Cornel, Dogberry Tree, Hound 
Tree, Hound's-berry Tree,- Prickwood, 
Gaten or Gotten Tree, Gater or Gutter 
Tree, Cateridge Tree, Wild Cornel. 

Cornouiller sauvage, sanguin, or femette ; 
Puine, or Bois punais, Fr. 

Bother Hartriegel, Ger. 

Sanguinello, Ital. 

Varieties & - - 1011 

2 Purslm Don. & 

C. ta.igitdiea Pursh. 

3 f&liis variegntis 3fc 

C. candiditsimafol. var. Lodd. 

3. alba L. * N. America fig. 762. 1011 

The white-fruifed Dogwood. 
C. stotonifera Michx. 
C. tatdrica Mill. 

Varieties 3fe - 1012 

2 circinatum G. Don. & 

C. circinatum Cham. 
Musquamecna, Mcethqttan-ncc- 

meenattick, and Mccnisan, of the 

Cree Indians. 

3 sibirica Lorfrf. 3fe 



Page 

4. (a.) stricta Z/T;M. 3fe North America 

fig. 763, 764. 1012 

The straight-branched Dogwood. 
C.fastigiata Michx. 
C. sanguinea Walt., not of L. 
C. cyanocdrpus Gmel. 
C. canaddnsis Hort. Par. 
C. ccerulea Meerb., not of Lam. 

Varieties & - 1013 

2 asperifolia Lodd. 3fe 

3 sempervirens Lodd. 3fe 

5. (a.) paniculata UHerit. & 4 North 

America - - fig. 765. 1012 

The panicled-flowering Dogwood. 



C. racemdsa Lam. 

C.fce'mina Mill. 

C. citrijblia Hort. Par. 

Varieties 3k 

2 albida Ehrh. 3k 

3 radiata Pursh. 



1013 



6. (a.) sericea UHerit. & N. America 

fig. 766. 1013 
The silky Dogwood. 

C. lanuginbsa Michx. 

C. alba Walt., not of L. 

C. Amdmum Du Roi. 

C. rubiginbsa Ehrh. 

C.ferruglnea Hort. Par. 

C. candld'issima Mill. 

C. cyanocurpos Mcench, not of Gmel. 

Varieties & - - - 1013 

2 oblongi folia Dec. 3fc 

C. oblongifdlia Rafin. 

3 asperifolia Dec. & 

C. asperifolia Michx. 

7. (a.) circinata UHcrit. * N. America 

fig. 767. 1014 

The rounded-feawrf Dogwood. 
C. tomcntosa Michx. 
C. rugosa Lam. 
C. virginidna Hort. Par. 



8. oblonga Wall. * Nepal 

The obloiiR'/cnrcrf Dogwood. 
C. panicttlata Hamilt. 

C. macrophylla Walt. '& 

C. exc&sa H. D. at Kunth. 3fe 



1014 



- 1014 

- 1014 



C. disciflora Moc. et Seite. 

C. grdndii Cham. 
C. japdnica Thunb. 
tirnumjapfa 



Vibtir 



ii. InvolucrdtcB Dec. - 1014 

- 1014 

- 1014 



icum Spreng. 



9. m*sL. % Europe pi. 189. f.768. 1014 

The male Dogwood, the Cornel, or Cornelian 
Cherry Tree 

C. mdscula L'Herit, &c. 
Long Cherry Tree, Cornelia. 
Cornouiller male, Comes, Corneillcs, Fr. 
Korncl Kirschc Harlriegel, Ger. 

Varieties - - - 1015 

2 fructueeras colons N. Du Ham. *t 

3 variegatus 3f 

10. floridalr. * N. America f. 769. 1017 

The Florida Dogwood. 

l'irf>infnn Dogwood. 






CONTENTS. 



Ixxvii 



II. BENTHAW/l Lindl. * 1009. 1019 

THE BENTHAMIA. 

('<;/* s/>. Wall., Dec., and G. Don. 

1. fragffera Lindl. * Nepal f. 770. 1019 

The Strawberry-hearing Henthamia. 
Cornus capitata Wall. 



Loranthdcece. * 



n'SCUMi. 

THE MISTLETOE. 



1020 
1021 



GUI', or Guy, Fr. 

JV/Xs//, or 37/Mc/, Ger. 
/'/ATM, or I'isclu'o, Ital. 
Legamodoga, Span. 

I. album . 1 A Europe f.771, 772. 1021 

The \vhite-fruited, or common, Mistletoe. 
A pp. i. Other Species of Viscum. 1025 

V. verticilliflorum Royle. . 
V. elongatum Dec. 

II. AU'CUBA Thunb. - - 1026 

THE AUCUBA. 

Aukuba Kcempf. 
Eubasis Salisb. 

I. japonica Thunb. afc Japan - 1026 

The Japan Aucuba. 

Ehbasis dichotomus Salisb. 
Spotted-leaved Laurel, Japan ^Laurel. 

App, I. Loranthacea not introduced. 1026 

LorAnthus europa^u-, /.. 
The European J.oranthus. 
L. oiloratus Wall. 
I.. I.aniberti./HHi SchulteS. 
Various other Species. 



Caprifolidcece. - 1026 

* *n *LJ -* ^ 

Sect I. 5AMBU s CyE. 



L. Ogfotrinc 

L. cordifoliu 



1027 
1027 



I. SAMBIPCUS Tourn. t 
THE ELDER. 

P/tytcuma Lour., not of L. 

A. Leaves pinnate. Flowers cyntosc or corymbose. 

1. nigraJL. * Europe pi. 190. f.773. 1027 

The common, or black-fruited, Elder. 

Bourtry, or Sour Tree, Arnli-cc, Scotch. 

Sureau, Fr. 

Hollander, Ger. 

Sambuco, Ital. 

Sauco, Sabuco, Span. 

l-'lacdi',-. Swed. 

/////</(-, Dan. 

Varieties 5 - - 1028 

2 virescens Dec. % 

S. virescens Desf. 

3 leucocarpa 3f 

4 laciniata 5f 

The Parslfti-lcui'cit Klder. 
s. tactmdta Mill. 



5 rotundifolia 

6 monstrosa 3 

S . monstrosa Hort. 

7 foliis argenteis fig. 775. 

8 foliis luteis *t 



Pae 



2. canadensis L. 



The Canadian Elder. 



North America 
fig. 776. 1030 



a. Species of Sambticus belonging to this Subdivision, 
not yet introduced. - - 1030 

S. palmensis Link. 
S. mexicana Preil. 

S. iulKil/unu Cham, et Schlecht. 
S. peruviana H. B. et Kunth. 

S. tuaveolen* Willd. 

B. Leaves pinnate. Flowers panicled. 

3. racemosa L. South Europe 

fig. 777. 1031 
The racemose-./Zottfm'd Elder. 
S. montuna Cam. 
S. cervmi Tabern. 



Variety * - 
2 laciniata Koch. & 

4. (r.) pubescens Michx. 



- 1031 



N. America 
1031 

The downy Elder. 

S. racemdsa Hook, not of L. 
S. pubescens Lodd. 

Variety * - - - 1031 

2 hetaphylla & 

C. Leaves bipinnate. 

1031 

- 1031 



S. ebuloides Detf. 

Phifteiima bipinndta Lour. 
S. phyteumoides Dec. 

Phyteuma cochinchin&uis Lour. 



II. FIBITRNUM L. 



THE VIBURNUM. 
O'pulus, 
Tourn. 
Viburnum and O'pulus Mcench. 



1027. 1032 
Viburnum, and Tlnus, 



i. Tinus Tourn. 



1032 



1. Tinus L. 



South Europe 

fig. 778. 1032 
The Laurustinus. 

V. \attrifurmc Lam. 
Tlnus Tourn. 
Tlnus laurifolia Bork. 
The Laurestine, Wild Baie Tree, Gerard. 
Fiorne, Laurier, Tin, FT. 
Lorbeerartiger Schneeball, Schwalken- 
strauch, Ger. 

Varieties m - 

2 hirta Ait. * 

V. T)nus Mill. 
V. litcidum Mill. 

3 lucida Ait. m 

4 virgata Ait. * 

5 stricta Hort. it 



- 1032 



Half-hardy Species of Viburnum belonging to the 

* /r^ fl r : 77;> ' 

V. strictum Link. 
V. rtgidum Vvnt. 



A 

F. rugosuin PC 



Ixxviii 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

ii. Viburnum Tourn. A *O *i_J 1033 
Lentdgo Dec. 

2. Lentago L. & * North America 
fig. 780. 1033 

The Lentago, or pliant-branched, Viburnum. 
Tree Viburnum, Canada Viburnum. 
Viorne a Rameaux pendans, Viorne lui- 

sante, Fr. 

Birn bldtterfger Schneeball, Ger. 
Canadische Schwalkenbeer Strauch, Sch- 

walken Strauch, Hayne. 



N. America 
pi. 191. 1034 



3. (L.)^runifblium L. 



The Plum-tree-leaved Viburnum. 
V. Lentdgo Du Roi. 

4. (L.) pyrifolium Pair. * N. America 

fig. 781, 782. 1034 
The Pear-tree-leaved Viburnum. 

5. (L.) niidum L. & North America 

fig. 783. 1034 

The naked-corymbed Viburnum. 
V. pyrifdlium Poir. 

Variety & - 1035 

2 squamatum sH fig. 784. 
V. squamatum Willd. 

6. cassinoides L. & North America 1035 

The Cassine-like Viburnum. 
V. punctdtum Rafin. 

7. (c.) laevigatum Willd. & N. America 

1035 

The smooth Viburnum. 

V. cassino'fdt's Du Roi. 
V. lanceokltum Hill. 
Cassine pardgua L. 
Cassine corymbbsa Mill. 

8. Lantana L. & t Europe f. 785. 1035 

The Wayfaring Tree. 

V. tomentosum Lam. 

Wild Guelder Rose, Pliant-branched Mealy 
Tree. 

Viorne cotonneuse, Camara, Viorne com- 
mune, Coudre-moinsinne, Moncienne, 
Fr. 

Schlingstrauch, Wolliger Schneeball, and 
Schwalkenstrauch, Ger. 

Varieties * ft - - 1036 

2 grandifolia Ait. & 

V. L. latifolia Lodd. 

3 foliis variegatis Lodd. & ft 

9. (L.) lantanoides Michx. & * North 

America - - fig. 786. 1036 

The Lantana-like Viburnum, or American Way- 
faring Tree. 

V. Lantdna $ grandifblia Ait. 
V. grandtfolium Sm. 
V. Lantana /3 canadensis Pers. 
Hobble Bush, Amer. 

10. (L.) dahuricum Pall * Siberia 1037 

The Dahurian Viburnum. 

Lonicera mongolica Pall. 
Cdrnus d'durica Laxm. 

11. ( ?L.) cotinifolium D.Don. & Nepal 

fig. 787, 788. 1037 
The Cotinus-leaved Viburnum. 



Page 

12. dentatum L. & North America 

fig. 789, 790. 1038 

The toothed-^flwed Viburnum. 
V. dentatum lucidum Ait. 
V. dentatum glabellum Michx. 
Arrow-wood. 

Varieties ft - - - 1038 
pubescens Lodd. & 
foliis variegatis Lodd. & 
acuminatum Lodd. 3fe 
longifolium Lodd. 3k 
montanum Lodd. & 

13. (d.) pubescens Pursh. & N. America 

1038 
The downy Viburnum. 

V. dentutum fi pubescens Ait. 

V. dentutum semi-tomentdsum Michx. 

V. tomentosum Rafin. 

V. villosum Rafin. 

V. Eafinesquiauum Schultes. 



N. America 
1038 



14. (d.) nitidum Ait. & 

The shining-teamed Viburnum. 

A. Hardy Species of Viburnum belonging to 
Section Viburnum, not yet introduced. 



the 



punctatum Hamilt. 
V acuminatum Wall. 
V ellipticum Hook. 
Jr nervosum D. Don. 

cordifolium Wall. 

Mulldha Harnilt. 

stellatum Wall. 

involucratum Wall. 

erosum T/iuiib. 



B. Half-hardy Species of Viburnum belonging to the 
Section Viburnum. - 1039 

V. odoratissimum Ker. * I 1 fig. 791. 

V. sinfnse Zeyh. 

Coff ea monosptnna Hoot, et Arn. 
V. villosum Swartz. * 1~~) 
V. mondgjnum Blum. 

iii. O'pulus Tourn. m - 1039 

15. O'pulus L. & Europe fig. 792. 1039 

The Guelder Rose. 

V. lobdtum Lam. 
O'pulus glandulosus Mcench. 
O'pulus Raii. 
Sambucus aqudtica Bauh. 
Marsh Elder, Rose Elder, Water Elder. 
Viornc-Obier, FObier d' Europe, Fr. 
Schwalkenbeer Strauch, Wasscrholdcr, 
Schneeball, Ger. 

Varieties & - - - 1039 

2 sterilis Dec. & 

V. O. roseum Roam. 

The Snow-ball Tree, Guelder 

Rose. 
Pellottc de Ncige, Boule de Neige, 

Poire molle, Fr. 
^ Schneeballe,Ger. 

3 foliis variegatis Lodd. & 

16. (O.) acerifolium L. North America 

fig. 793. 1040 

The Maple-leaved Guelder Rose. 

17. (O.) orientale Pall. & Asia Minor 1040 

The Eastern Guelder Hose. 

O'iiti<s vricntnlis folio amflisfimv tridinltito Toum. 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxix 



18. (O.) Oxycdccos Pursh. * Nortli 

America ... 1041 

The Cranberry -frit f ted Guelder Rose. 
V. opmtSldet Miihl. 
V. ti-ilobnni Marsh. 
V. (ypulus amcricd-na Ait. 

Variety * - - - 1041 
2 subintegrifolius Hook. 34 

19. (O.) edule Pursh. A North America 

10-H 

The edible-fruited Guelder Rose. 
V. Qfpulus cdulis Michx. 



20. (O.)m611e 



The soft-leaved Guelder Kose. 
V. a/rtif.i/iKm Marsh. 



North America 
1041 



A. Species of Viburnum belonging to the Section 
O'pulus, not yet introduced. 1041 

V. microcarpum Cham, et SchlecM. 
V. polvc^rpum Walt. 
F. cyluidricum Ham. 
V. grandiflorum Wall. 
V. erubescens Wall. 
V. coriaceum Blum. 
Several other Species. 



Sect. II. 



^. & j* J *. *_ I 1041 



II. DIERVFLLyl Tourn. & 1027. 1042 

THE DIERVILLA. 

Lonicera. sp. L. 
FFe)^/a Tiwwo. 
Weigelia. Pers. 



1. canadensis 



North America 



fig. 794, 795. 1042 
The Canadian Diervilla. 

Lonlcera. Diervilla. L. 

D. Tourneftirtii Michx. 

D. humilis Pers. 

D. lutea Pursh. 

D. triftda Mcench. 

D. arcaditnsis Du Ham. 

App. i. Species of Diervilla. not yet intro- 
duced. - - 1042 

D. japdnica Dec. 

Weigela. japifnica Thunb. 
D. corseensis Dec. 

Weigela. corxemii Thunb. 

WeigiRa coreee'tuit Pers. 

IV. LONFCERJ Desf. A * i. ^ J _J 
1027. 1042 

THE LONICERA, or Honeysuckle. 

Lonlcera. sp. I,, and many authors. 
Caprtfolium and Xylosteum Juss. 
Xyldsteum, Caprifolium, Cham&ce- 

rasus, and Periclymenum, Tourn. 
Caprifblium and Lonlcera. Rcem. 
Lonicera. and Xylosteum Torrey. 
Chtvrefeuille, Fr. 
Geissbttitt, Honeigblume, Lonicere, 

Ger. 

i. Caprifolium Dec. _i t t. _l 1043 
Caprifolium Juss. and Rcem. 
Lonicera. Torr., not of Schult 

A. Flowers ringent. Caprifolium Tourn. 

1. Periclymenum L. -i Europe 1043 

The Woodbine, or common Honeysuckle. 
Periclymenum, Ger. 
Periefymenum germdnicum Riv. 



Page 

Periclymenum hortinse Gesn. 
Caprtfolium Periclymenum Ro3m. et 

Schultes. 

CaprifulhiHi si/lvaticum Lam. 
Cd/> //folium Kaii. 
FFoOOMMli 

l'liff>;-/enille des Bois, Fr. 
WOdet gemeine* Getotb&tt, Ger. 
d-iriHDn- Kampcrfoelie, Dutch, 
if^-o Bosco, Ital. 
Madre Sclva, Span. 

ramftM J - - - 1044 

2 serotinum ^iV. ^ fig. 797. 

Periclymenum germdnicum Mill. 

3 be'lgicum ^ 

Periclymenum germdnicum Mill. 
Diet. 

4 ^uercifolium ^iY. ^ 

2. Caprifolium i. -3 Europe f. 798. 1045 

The Goat's-leaf, or pale perfoliate, Honeysuckle. 
Periclymenum perfolidtum Ger. 

3. ((7.) etrusca Santi. -i fig. 799. 1046 

The Etruscan Honeysuckle. 

L. etrusca Hort. Fl. Austr. 
Caprifolium etruscum Rcem. et Schult. 
Periclymenum Gouan. 
Caprifolium ildlicum perfolidtum prce^cox 
Tourn. 

4. impl&a Ait. *- Sicily fig. 800. 1046 

The interwoven, or Minorca, Honeysuckle. 

Caprifolium imple'xum Rcem. et Schult. 

Variety t_ - 1047 

2 balearica Viv. $_ 

Caprifolium baledricum Dum. 
L. balearica Dec. 
L. Caprifolium Desf. 

5. flava Sims. -& North America 

fig. 801. 1047 

The yellow-./?ott>eraJ Honeysuckle. 
CaprifoliumJUivum Ell. 
Caprifdlium Frdseri Pursh. 

6. (f.) pubescens Swt. -i North America 

fig. 802. 1047 

The pubescent Honeysuckle. 

Caprifdlium pubescens Goldie. 
L. hirsiita Eaton. 
L. G6ldu Spreng. 

7. parviflora Lam. -$ North America 

fig. 803, 804. 1048 
The small-flowered Honeysuckle. 

Caprifolium parvifidrum Pursh. 
L. dioica L. 
L. media Murr. 

Caprifolium bracteosum Michx. 
Caprtfblium diolcum Rcem. et Schult. 
Caprifdlium glaucum Mcench. 
Glaucous Honeysuckle. 
ChevrefeuilL' dioique, Fr. 
Mcergriines Geissblatt, Ger. 
Middelboore Kamperfoclic, Dutch. 

8. (p.) Douglasn Dec. -i N. America 1048 

Douglas's Honeysuckle. 

Caprifblium Douglteil Lindl. 

9. grata Ait. *. N. America f. 805. 1048 

The pleasant, or evergreen, Honeysuckle. 
Caprifdlium grdtum Pursh. 
L. virginidna Marsh. 
? Periclymenum americdnum Mill. 



Ixxx 



CONTENTS. 



B. Limb of Corolla nearly equal. "Periclymenum 
Tourn. - - 1040 

10. sempervirens Ait. 1L North America 

fig. 806. 1049 

The evergreen Trumpet Honeysuckle. 
Caprifdlium sempervirens Michx. 
"Periclymenum sempervirens Mill. 
\laUrnus sempervirens Kcehl. 
fericlymenum virginlacum Riv. 

Varieties JL - - - 1049 

2 major Ait. t_ 

The large Trumpet Honeysuckle. 

3 minor I 

The small Trumpet Honeysuckle. 
? L. conndtaMcerb. 

11. ciliosa Pair, .3 North America 1050 

The ciliated-leaved Honeysuckle. 
Gaprifolium ciliosum Pursh. 
L. cilidta Dietr. 

12. occidentalis Hook. -S N. Amer. 1050 

The Western Honeysuckle. 

Caprifdlium occidental Lindl. 
Caprifdlium ciliosum Dougl. MSS. 
L. pi!6sa Willd. .... 1050 

Caprifdlium villtaum H. B. et Kunth. 



ii. Xyldsteum Dec. & j* 



1050 



Xylosteon Juss. 

Lonlcers. Rcem. et ScJiult. 

Xylosteon and Chamcecerasus Tourn. 

Xyldsteum and Islka Adans. 

Cobce^A Neck. 

The Fly Honeysuckle, 

Hackenkirsche, Ger. 

Hondsbezien, Hondskarsen, Dutch. 

A. Ovaries and Berries altogether distinct. Stems 
scandent. Flowers irregular Nintoba Dec. 

1050 

13. confusa Dec. & Japan fig. 808. 1050 

The confused Honeysuckle. 
Nintooa confusa Scot. 
Lonicerajapdnica Andr., not of Thunb. 
Nintoo, Sintoo, Kaempf. 
Caprifdlium japonicum Loud. Hort. Brit. 

14. longiflora Dec. Jfc China - 1051 

The long-flowered Honeysuckle. 

Caprifblium longifldrum Sabine. 
Nintoda longiflora Swt. 
Caprifdlium japdnicum D. Don. 
Caprifdlium nepaldnse G. Don. 

15. jap6nica Thunb. SL Japan 

fig. 809, 810. 1051 

The Japan Honeysuckle. 

Nintoba japdnica Swt. 
L. chinensis Hort. Kew. 
L.flexudsa Lodd., not of Thunb. 
L. glabrdta Roxb. 

Caprifdlium chintnse Loud. Hort. Brit. 
Caprtfdlium flexubsum Hort. 

a. Hardy Species ofLonicerz belonging to the Divi- 
sion Ninto&a of the Section Xyldsteum, not yet 
introduced. - - 1052 

L, cochinchinensis Don's Mill. 

L. Xyldsteum Lour. 
L. Telfaim Hook, et Arn. 

L. T?ericl$menum Lour. 
L. LechenatiltiY Wall. 
L. glabrata Wall. 

L. nlgra Thunb. 
L. acuminata Wall. 
L. diversifblia Wall. 
L. figustrina Wall. 

Xyldsteum \igvstrinum D. Don. 
Xyl'tstenm Naisftca Utunilt. 



Pa-;e 

L. lanceolata Wall. 
L. canescens Schousb. 
L. b(fldra Desf. 
L. bracteata Royle. 
Several other species of Lonicera. 

B. Berries distinct, or usually connate together at the 
Base, and diverging at the Tip. Corolla hardly 
gibbous at the Base, or equal. Chanuectrasi 
Dec. - - 1052 

16. tatarica L. & Siberia f. 8 11, 812. 1052 



The Tartarian Honeysuckle. 

Xyldsteum corddtum Moench. 
Xyldsteum tartdricum Dum. 

Varieties 31 - - 

2 albiflora Dec. & 

L. pyrendica Willd. 

3 rubriflora Dec. *& 

L. grandifldrum Lodd. 
L. siblrica Hort. 

4 lutea Lodd. Sk 

5 latifolia Lodd. & 



- 1053 



- 1053 



- 1C53 



18. (t.) ciliata Muhl. 

The cili&ted-leaved Ho 



17. (t.) nigra L. ft Europe 

The black-fruited Honeysuckle. 
Caprifdlium rbscum Lam. 
Chanuec^rasus nigra Delarb. 

Variety ft - 
2 eampaniflora ft fig. 813, 814. 
Xyldsteum campanifldrum Lodd. 

N. Amer. 1053 

loneysuckle. 
Xyldsteum cilidtum Pursh. 
L. tatarica Michx., not of L. 
L. canadensis Rcem. et Schult. 

19. pyrenaica L. ft Pyrenees - 1054 

The Pyrenean Honeysuckle. 

Caprjjdlium pyrenilicum Lam. 
Xyldsteum pyrendicum Tourn. 

20. punicea Sims, ft North America 

fig. 8 15. 1054 

The crimson-flowered Honeysuckle. 
Symphoricurpos puniceus Swt. 

21. Xylosteum L. ft North America 

fig. 8 16. 1054 

The bony-wooded, or upright, My Honeysuckle. 
Caprifdlium dumetdrum Lam. 
Xyldsteum dumelbrum Moench. 

Varieties ft - - - 1055 

2 leucocarpa Dec. ft 

3 xanthocarpa Dec. ft 

4 melanocarpa Dec. ft 

22. flexuosa Thunb. ft Japan - - 1055 

The ttexible-stcmmed Honeysuckle. 
L. nigra Thunb., not of L. 
L.brac/,yp<xlaDec. 

Hardy Species of Lonicera, belonging to the Divi- 
sion Chamcecerasi of the Section Xyldsteum, not 
y.t introduced ... 1055 
. hispida Pall. 

3. Berries either distinct or joined together. Corolla 
very gibbons at the Base. Erect bushy Shrubs. 
Cuphdnthte Dec. . 1055 

23. involucrata Banks. J* North America 

fig. 8 17, 818, 819. !(>.>> 

The involucratcd Honeysuckle. 

Xi/li'iyfi-imi hirnliicrntnni Rich. 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxxi 



eries of Ltiicer,\ belonging to the /)///- 
tion CupMtitha- of the \< rtiim XyKttewm,V>MtcM 
arc not yet tHtrodttced. - ~ 1( -'5(j 

, iribbosa H'iV/./. 

XylMnm mexici~>num II. B. et Kunth. 
.MociniAM IV.-. 

I tHMMft Moc. et Sesse. 
. Ledebofrrii Eschsch. 

Berries two on each Peduncle, Joined together ni 
one, which is bi-vmbilicate at the Apex. J-'.reet 



branching Shru 

k alpigena H. 



Isikae Adans. 



- 1050 



1056 



: 



Europe 

fig. 820, 821 
The alpine Honeysuckle. 

Caprijuliitm alfilnum Lara. 
Capr'if'Miinn alpfgtiHtm Gaertn. 
Isika alpigena Horrk. 
Islca Ihcida Mpench. 
Xi/losteurn alpigcnum Lodd. 
Chatntecdrastui alpigena Delarb. 
Cherry Woodbine. 
Heckenkirsche, Ger. 

Variety a - - - 1056 
2 sibirica Dec. 3fe 
L. sibirica Vest. 

(a.) microphylla Willd.* Siberia 1057 

The small-leaved Honeysuckle. 
L. alpigena Sievers. 

oblongifblia Hook. A North America 
fig. 822. 1057 

The oblong-leaved Honeysuckle. 

oblongifblium Goldie. 



27. 



casrulea L. * Eur. f. 823,824. 1057 

The \T\\ie-berried Honeysuckle. 
L. viUdsa Mil hi. 
Xyli'isteon villbsum Michx. 
Xytisteon Solonis Eaton. 
L. veluttna Dec. 
/,. albiica Pall. 

Xylosteum ciertilcum canad^nse Lam. 
Xyl&steum canadtnse Du Ham. 
Caprif6lium cceriileum Lam. 
ChannEctrasus cterulea Delarb. 
L. pyrenilica Pall. 
L. PalUisii Led. 



28. (c.) orientalis Lam. 



29, 



ifc Asia Minor 
1058 

The Oriental Honeysuckle. 
L. caucasica Pall. 
L. ccerblea Giild. 
ChanuEctrasus orienfdlis laurifolia Tourn . 

iberica Ewb. * ... 1058 

The Georgian Honeysuckle. 
Xyli'mteon ibMcum Bieb. 

a. Hardy Species of the Genus Lonicera. belonging to 
the Dii'ision Isikae of the Section TSgUtteum, 
not yet introduced. - ~ 1058 

I.. Wclihi.i/ii* Wall. 
I-. (iovani.i/iaWall. 



Some other Species. 

V. SYMPHORICA'RPOS Dill, & 

1027. 1058 
THE ST. PETER'S WORT. 

Sy in ph< i riodrpm Neck . 
Symnhoria Pers. 
Anisanthns Willd. 
Lonicera sp. L. 

1. vulgaris Michx. A N. Am. f. 825. 1058 

The common St. Peter's Wort. 
Liinicern Symphoricdrpot T>. 
S. parviflnnt Desf. 
Si/i]>h!>ria COHgkwttrdtQ Pers. 
riHa Pursh. 



Page 

I'aritty 1059 

2 foliis variepatis at 

S. glomcrutafbliis variegdtis Lodtl. 

2. racemosus Michx. * fig. 826. 1059 
The racemose-flowered St. Peter's Wort, or 
Snowberry. 

SympnMa racemiisa Pursh. 
L. L'ucocarpa Hort. 

App. i. Hardy Species of Symphoricdrpos 
not yet introduced. - - 1059 

5. occidentals Richards. 
Wolf berry, Amer. 

VI. LEYCEST&R//1 Wall. a-l 

\(YH. 1060 
THE LEYCESTEIUA. 

. Formosa Wall. ai-J Nepal f.827. 1060 

The beautiful Leycesteria. 

Hamefa connuta Puerari MSS. 



Hubidcea*. 
1 _j aaifc *i_j -i_j 
I. CEPHALA'NTHUS L. 

THE BUTTON-WOOD. 

1. occidentals L. & North America 
fig. 828, 829. 1061 
The Western Button- wood. 

C. oppositifdlius Mcench. 
Swamp Globe Flower, Amer. 

Variety 31 - - - 1062 
2 brachypodus Dec. * 

Some other Species of Cephalanthus. 1062 

App. I. Half-hardy ligneous Plants belonging 
to the Order Rubiacece. - 1062 

Pinckntya. pubescent Pers. 
Cinchtmn caroliniitna Poir. 
Serbia foe'tida Co 



-1061 



- \ _ | fig. 831 . 
Thunb. 



fndiciim R. ts 



id/c/Msia eevroMNOUM L'Herit. 

Dysoda.foc'titla Salish. 
SpcrmacAcefrutictaa Desf. 
PWcama ptedul 



. * I _ I 
scojiaria Rchb. 
* 



Anthospvrmum spthiopioum t. 
Amhrtiria Hefsttn \\ 'aMi. 
Riibia fruricosa /!. - I _ I 



BouvardiVi .Tacqulni H. B. rt ATmi/A. 

U.lriph tftla Hort. 

Hoiti^nia cuccfnea Bot. Rep. 
Manettiu p/hrn Cham, et Schlecht. 

M. 



Lobelia cece. * 

. Don. L_| 



1063 



Tpo 



Loh^Im arbirca Forrt. ? . \ _ | 
L. superba Cham. tt. | _ | 



Campanula cece. 



1063 



aiirca /)umnr/. ! 
fnm;miu/a mirfo L. 



Ixxxii 



CONTENTS. 



Composites. 

3fc*L_l *_l a- t|_J 



Page 



I. ST^EHELrNy* Lessing. 



THE STjEHELINA. 



1063. 1064 



, Fr. and Ger. 

I. dubia L. & S. Europe fig. 832. 1064 

The doubtful, or Rosemary -leaved, StaehL-iina. 
S. rosmarmi/clia Cass. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of StasheRna. 1065 

Stiphelina arl>or^scens L. * - 1 
S. Chamsepeuce L. * _ I 

II. J?A'CCHARIS R. Br. a * I 

1063. 1065 

THE BACCHAHIS, or Ploughman's Spikenard. 
liacchante, Fr. 
Bticcharis, Ger. 

1. flalimifolia .L. a N. Am. f.833. 1065 

Tlie Sea- Purslane-leaved Baccharis, or the 
Orounrisel Tree. 

Senecio arborescens Hort. Kew. 

2. angustifolia Pursh. a N. Amer. 1065 

The narrow-leaved Baccharis, or Ploughman's 

Spikenard. 

/l. K lomeratifl6ra*.YA.a - lOHfi 

H. Dioscuridu W. * _J - - 1( >' ;n 



III. 



1064. 1066 



1. frutescens L. a N. Amer. f. 834. 1066 

The shrubby Iva. 

A '''/</.- qffTnis pernriuna frutescens rluk. 
Bastard Jesuit's Bark Tree. 

IV. SANTOLFNA L. . 1064. 1066 

THE SANTOLINA, or Lavender Cutton. 
Santoli?ie, Fr. 
Hciligenjiflanze, Ger. 

1. rhamsecyparissus L. . France 

fig. 835. 1067 

The Dwarf Cypress Santolina, or common La- 
vender Cotton. 

2. (C.) squarrosa If. - Europe 1067 

The squarrose (? leaved) Santolina. 

A.brutanuiujie'ininaj'duis IL-ncee Moris. 

3. vfridis W. - Europe - - 1067 

The green Santolina. 

4. rosmarinifolia L. - Spain f. 836. 1067 
The Rosemary-leaved Santolina. 



V. 



Cass. 



1064. 1068 



THE ARTEMISIA. 



1. ylbrotanum L. * Europe fig 837. 1068 

The Abrotanum Artemisia, or Southernwood. 
Abrutamis max Dod. 
Old Man. 
Arnitiise Artrone, Aurone des Jardins, la 

Citronelle, la Garderobe, Fr. 
Eberrante, IVermuth, Stabwurtz, Garten- 

wurtz, Ger. 
Abrotano, Ital., Span., and Port. 

Varieties tt - - . 1068 
2 humilc JIurt. * 



tobolsklanum Hort. \ 
A. tobolskiilna Lodd." 



Page 



2. Santonica L. o. Asia fig. 838. 1068 

The Santonica Artemisia, Tartarian Southern- 
wood, or Wurmseed. 

ArtemL.isifruticdsa, $c., Grael. 

3. arborescens /,. * Levant - 1069 
The arborescent Artemisia, or Tree Worm- 
wood. 

Absinthium arborescens Lob. 
Absinli.', Armoise cu Arbrc, Fr. 

App. i. Other hardy Species of Artemisia. 1069 

A. pro jura * 

App. ii. Half-hardy Species of Artemisia. 1069 

A. argentea Ait. *t | ] Eg. 831. 

VI. #ELICHRY V SUM Lessing. *- 

1064. 1070 

THE HELICHRYSUM, or Everlasting Flower, 
Part of Gnapht Hum L. 

I. toe x ehas D. Don. . Europe - 1070 

The Stcechas Helichrysum, or common _ Shrubby 
Everlasting Flower. 
Gnaphiilinm 
Slafc/tas cltrtna Dod. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of Helichrysum . 

1070 

a. frdticans D. Don. tt. | | fig. 840. 

.-/*/:/,,/ f.'ltti,:,,,! Bot. Reg. 

iinu^lmHuin fniticant L. 

{'iil>liatiiimgramQftbnm Bot. Rep. 
H. conp5stum D. Itun. 10. I | fig. 841. 

(jnajihiilium ct.ngtfstum Lamb. 
H. aTJicuhitum IM!,I. 
U. crassilolium Lixid. 
H. diversif61ium Lodd. 
H. eiicoldea Lodd. tt. | | 

VII. CINERARIA Lessing. .i_J 

1064. 1071 
THE CINERARIA. 

Cirtcraire, Fr. 
Aschcnpjlauze, Ger. 

1. -maritima L. * 1 S. Europe 1071 

The seA-sidc-inliabiting Cineraria, or the Sea 
Ragwort. 

Cineraria Dod. 
Jacobif^A maritima Eonp. 
Kiciliari Ragwort. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of Cineraria. 1071 

C. cruenta fig. S S3. 
C. lactea tL i I 

C. cancscens tt 1 | 

C. hjbrida M- | | 

C. j*opulifulia tt i | 

C. bicolor - | | 

C. lantita - | | fig. 145. 

C.^eifOlia - | 1 

C. umeliSides - | | fij;. 843. 

AfaOuf* ctrl, ,. 

App. I. Half-hardy Genera belonging to the 
Order Composite. - - 107'J 

Carlowizfa aliciftlia Marnch. - | | 

Onubrbwi .///,//// Link. 

Arrt(,Ii-,a ; , 1 ,ora L. - L | 

Didlta carnosum H. K. * | | 

I). s]iinouin H. K. * | | 

Berckhsya Krauditlora W. & [ | 

Cullui,.;'.; R. Hr. * | 1 

Otlionna ll.itM-llif.>lia Hut. Call. M. | | fi"-.847. 

O. t -iffi(,,,-a I,. 
O. pinnata lift. Mug. 
O. ptctinata ** I I 
O. roronopif61ia ^ i_J 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxxm 



orinuni piiilerum Z.. * | _ | fl-. Ms, 9 
Calendula chrysanthemifulia y e a. . i 1 tig. 861. 
~MifM* U. Don. ti.M. 



nthu- pinnatus D. Don- tt- | _ | 
ipinniitH I.. 




us frutirosus Jaaj. 
tifolia Hooi-. 



fig. 853. 



argophVllus Lab. * _ | fiif 85 1 
* 



Bjj 



. anirustifulius Jury. 

uti>. it | _ | 

i (\.maurea L. _ . . 
..visions nt-reifulii Xn*. * | _ | 

B.icrAri.t i\crrij\,!i,i L. 
Jza caruliniensi/ .//.*( _ | 
Podanthus Mitsui Lindl. ft t\^. S57. 
Culcitium Mlic-iiium i>r. * i A i\a. 833 

r,ir/Mi,j s/i/c-iiio Lab. 
Cacalia L. 

Franzeria OTtemis/tfW W. * | _ | 
K. ,/ml.rosiuUles Cav. * I I 
(E'dern prolifera Thtinb. * 1 _ | 
P>rdthrum/ueniculiU-eum W. En. H | _ | fi 
Itmflia mader<5nse * 1 _ I 
A thanasia pubt^scens L. it | _ ( 
/J.iUnmlta geratiftlia Deaf. H \ _ | 
Pilntzfl tlabellifrtrmis W. *t\ _ | 

TaiiacHumjlobeUifJrmc L'lf^rit. 
Erioc^phalus africanus L. tt. | _ | 
S -nei-io ^legans pifena rtbra Dot. Ma%. H. i _ | 
S. lildcintu UnY. -l_J 
Tarchonanthus camphoratus I-nm. * i I 
Eridcoma fragrans D. Con. 
Various other genera o 



EpacriddcecB. 



1075 



Styphfelia R. Dr. 

Btenanthfera pinifolla R. Br. 

StyiMiu \nnifnlM Siire 



la 
cnocit 



. _ 
ca bpreng. 
| _ | 



Trocnocitrpa gla 
C. Oxvcedrus . Br. 
C. acer6sa H. Dr. *| 
I-i^anthf sj'ipid 
L. subuUta *l I _ | 
L. strigdsa * 1 I 
I.. JaphniiUles *1 _ | 
I,, ciliata*! _ | 

I.vm.-1't'i'con lanceolatus R. Br. it | _ | 
Sti/phi-lin ItinrfttHitn Sm. 
agfMfta l'"ri!\flbra Andr. 
L. Richei R. Br. * | | fig/860. 
L. polf/itiichi/n-i Lodd. 
I,, uiiiriiliifnf Sm. 
L. parviflhrus Lindl. 
Mon<5toca elliptica R. Br. * | _ | 
M- albens * 1 _ I 
M.line-Hta < t I 

; ;iria ** ( _ I 
Trochocitrpa /aurina R. 

.SY<y;''"'/i'i ciirnijtiliii Kudge. 
E'parris t n-andif!6ra Sm. ft |_J fig. 862. 
^itl/'Hi Cav. 
. Br. 
An'ierwni'd spreujjeli'mrfe* H. Br. 41 | _ | 'fig. 8G3. 

; incarniita Hot. C l ,l,.it\ _ | 
Spheniitcima irr:Srilis Hirt. * 1 _ | 
ItijUvmgrdeiltR. Jir. 
Various other Genera of Compositu.'. 



| _ | fi fi . 861. i 



Erfcoe&p. - _ 1070 



Sect.' I. 



1076 



normdles. * tL <U n i | JQ76 

I. 7<;RrCA D. Don. * it. 1076. 1079 
THE HEATII. 

Erica sp. of L. and other authors.' 



1. Tetralix L. . N. Europe, f.864-. 

The four-leavi-d Heath. 

K. li<iti(l(li>rniia S;il. 

K. btirlinrica Haii. 

I., jiiimiln Park. 

K. T. rAr llort. Eric. \Vob. 

The cross-U-aved Heat It. 

Varieties tt.- . -1079 

1 rubra Hort. Eric. Wol. . 

2 carnea London's H. B. tL 

3 alba Hurt. Eric. Wob. a. 

4 iVIackazVina n. 

E. Mackai&na. Bab. 

2. cin^rea L. n. N.Europe f.865. 1079 

Tlie grey Heath. 

E. mutti bilis Salisb. 

E. hitmilis Neck. 

K. tcnuiJ'Mia, Ger. 

E. c. 7-u6ra IJedf. Hort. Eric. Wob. 

Varieties n. - - . 1080 

2 atropurpurea ZoeW. a. 

3 alba Zorfrf. n. 

4 pallida Zorfrf. a. 

5 carnescens Lodd. . 

6 prolifera JLocfe/. a. 

7 stricta Z,orft/. a. 

3. arborea L. South Europe - 1080 

The Tree Heath. 

E . scoparfa Thunb. , exclusive of the s ynon . 

E. ctiffra L. 

E. tr i flora Berg. 

E. procera Sal. 

Varieties m - - . 1080 

2 stylosa Don's Mill, m 

3 squarrosa Hort. tt 

4 minima Hort. * 



4. (a.) polytrichUblia Sal. * 
The Polytrichum-leaved Heath. 

? E. arbdrea var. 
? 2. c. *tyfi)so Hort. 

5. (a.) codonodes Lindl. * 



Port. 1080 



Europe 

fig. 866. 1080 
The bell-shaped-Jlowered Heath. 



fio-. 867. 1081 
Italy fig. 866. 1081 



6. australis i. * Spain 

The southern Heath. 
E. pistilldris Sal. 

7. strict a Donn. * 

The unright Heath. 

K. nnilt icai'ilis Sal. 
E. Corsica Doc. 
E. ramnldsa Viv. 

8. ciliaris Z>. - Portugal fig. 869. 1081 
The ciliated./cavfrf Heath. 

9. sfcula Schonbers. Sicilv - 1OS9 
The Sicilian Heat 

II. GYPSOCA'LLIS Sal. * . 

1076. 108* 

THE GYPSOCALLIS, or Moor Heath 
Erica: of others. 

1. vagans Sal. . England fif. 870 1089 
- J ering Gj-psocallis, or Cornish Moar 

Y.r'ica vdgans L. 
Er)ra ',.^/ Sal. 
V.ru-a muttfjldra Huds. 
Y.r'icii ilif/i/nia Stokes. 
Ericc purpurdsccns Lam . 
i 2 



Ixxxiv 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

Varitties a. - - - 1082 

2 pallida Dons Mill. a. 

3 rubescens Bree. i- 

4 purpurascens J?ree. e. 

5 alba Dons Mill. - 

6 tenella Don's M7Z. - 

2. multiflora D. Don. . South Europe 

fig. 871. 1083 

The many flowered Gypsocallis. 
Erica multifl&ra L. 
Erica iuniperfidlia, 8$c., Garidel. 
Er}ca multiftdra lonai-pcdicfllata Wendl. 
Erica pedunculdris Presl. 

3. carnea D. Don. a. Germany 

fig. 872. 1083 

The flesh-colour-./foJ<?raf Gypsocallis. 
Erica cdrnea L. Sp. 
Erica herbi.cea L. Diss. 
Erica saxatilis Sal. 

4. mediterranea D. Don. m S. Eur. 1083 

The Mediterranean Gypsocallis. 
Erica mediterranea L. 
Erica lugubris Sal. 

III. CALLtTNA Sal. *~ - 1076. 1084 
THE CALLUNA. 

Erica sp. L. and others. 

1. vulgaris Sal. JU Europe - - 1084 

The Ling, or Heather. 
Erica vulgaris L. 
La Bruyerc, Fr. 
Heide, Ger. 
Lyng, Dan. 
Liung, Swed. 
Erica, Ital. 
Brezo, Span. 
Urze, Port. 
Weresk, Russ. 

Varieties *-. - - - 1084 

1 purpurea Don's Mff. IU. 

2 spuria Don's Mill. )U 

3 decumbens Don's Mill. !>. 

4 tomentosa Don's Mill. !L. 

5 alba Don's Mill. t, 

6 flore pleno Don's Mill. t> 

7 foliis variegatis Don's Jl/z'Z/. !U 

8 aurea Don's Mill. JU. 

9 coccinea Don's Mill. JU. 

10 spicata Don'* Mill. JU. 

1 1 atro-rubens t> 

1 2 serotina )U 

App. I. List of hardy Species and Varieties 
of Ericacete belonging to the Group Ericea 
normdles, of which Plants are cultivated for 
Sale in the Tooting Nursery ; with some 
additional Names from the " Hortus Wo- 



burntnsis. " 



- 1086 



App. II. Arrangement of the hardy Htnths 
included in the preceding List ; showing 
which of them are in Flower, in the open 
Garden, every Month in the Year ; and the 
Colour of the Flower, and the Height of 
tach. - 1088 



App. III. List of Cape Heaths which wit 
stand in the open Air y in Autumn, or the 
middle of Jftnter, without Protection, with 
Fahrenheit's Thermometer 7 or 8 Degrees 
below Freezing, without suffering in any way 
from such a Degree of Cold. lti_J - 1089 

Callista acuminhta (rlca L.) Bot. Cab. fig. 873.- 

2 pallida Hort. Brit. 
combsa Hort. Kcw. Ic. 

2 alba Anclr. Heath. 

3 rClbra Wendl. E. 
ferruginea Andr. Heath. 
AyacinthoJrff* Andr. Heath, 
tenuiflbra Andr. Heath. 

2 alba Hort. Brit. 

3 IQtea. 
tetragbna Andr. Heath. 

C. pueionifblia Sal. 
ventricosa Bot Mag. 

2 coccinea. 

3 stellifera. 

4 carnea. 
* alba. 

6 superba. 

7 er^cta. 

8 nana. 

9 hirsuta. 

Cerkmia (Erica. L.) serpyllifblia Lodd. fig. 874. 
Dasyanthes (.Erica L.) Sparmnm Andr. Heath. 

D. dispera A. H. 

D. hystricifldra L. T. 

Desmia (Erica L.) conferta Andr. Heath, flg. 875. 
Erica aggregate Wendl. Eric. fig. 876. 
2 alba Hort. Brit. 

campanulata Andr. Heath. 

cerinthdides Bot. Mag. 
\ glabriuscula Swt. 

2 hispida Swt. 

3 major H. Wob. 

4 minor H. Wob. 

5 nana H. Wob. 

6 superba Roll. 
'congesta Wendl. Eric. 
coriTblia. 

E. articular is B. M. 

E. calyclna A. H. 

Lamprdtis cortfdlia Don's Mill, 
cupressina Moll. 
globbsa Andr. Heath. 
glomerata Andr. Heath. 
gracilis Wendl. Eric. 
hispidula. 
leucanthera. 
lucida Andr. Heath. 

? Lamprdtis lucida Don's Mill, 
[margaritacea Andr. Heath. 
montana. 
pi'ndula Lodd. 
pcrliita. 
pub^scens. 

1 major H. Brit. 

2 minor Roll. 

3 pubescentior H. Brit. 

4 verna H. Wob. 
ramentacea Andr. Heath. 
setacea Andr. Heath. 
tenella Andr. Heath. 

Eurylepis (Erica. L.) triflbra Wendl. Eric. 
Gypsocallis (rlca L.} intertexta Lodd., fig. 877 

longipedunculata Bot. Cal. 

nigrita Don's Mill. 

Pachysa physbdes Bot. Mag., fig. 878, 879. 
Syringbdea cruenta Andr. Heath. 
2 superba Bolt. 

curviflbra Andr. Heath. 

1 aurantia. 

2 rilbra. 

diaphana Don's Mill. 
r.wen.wrt Andr. Heath. 

2 glabra. 

3 specie a. 

-1 longiflbra. 
5 pilbsa. 
rxudans J.odd. 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxxv 



Page 
grandiflora But. Mag. 

1 hilmilis. 

2 snperba. 

iirni'srens Andr. Heath. 
? longiflora But. Cut. 
mammftsa yf/r. Heath. 

2 minor. 

3 pallida. 

4 r6si'a. 

? tilmida J?o*. Tteg. 
verticillata Andr. Heath. 

2 major, 
viridescens Sot. Cal. 

A pp. IV. List of Cape Htaths which arc 
tenderer than those mentioned in the pre- 
ceding List, and which, when exposed to the 
(Degree of Cold there stated, will be injured 
by it, but will not suffer, although fully ex- 
posed to a Temperature 4 or 5 Degrees below 
Freezing. l_J - - - - 1091 
Ble"rta trricoldes fig. 880. 
J Erica Blafriz Wendl. Coll. 

Callista (r!ca L.) combsa Wendl. Eric. 

1 alba. 

2 rdbra. 

Coventry<*o Lodd. 
daphneflbra. 
mundula Lodd. 

2 major Lodd. 
peliacida Andr. Heath. 

2 rQbra H. Wob. 
prse'gnans But. Cal. 

2 coccinea H. Wob. 

Ceramia (rlca L.) urceolaris Hort. Kcic. Icon. 

fig. 881 

? articularis Don's Mill. 
E'ctasis Sebana 

Erica Sebdna auruntia Andr. Heath. 

2 fusca. 

3 mtea. 

4 minor. 
rlca asstirgens. 

barbata Andr. Heath. 

2 major. 

Bonplandzana Bot. Cab. 
? cafra Bot. Cab. 

2 spicata. 
cerinthdldes Bot. Mag. 

1 major H. Wob. 

2 minor H. Wob. 
nana H. Wob. 

decora Andr. Heath. 
depressa Andr. Heath. 
mollissima. 
Persoluta. 

2 alba. 

Srdbra. 

propendens Andr. Heath. 
pubescens. 

1 major H. Wob. 

2 minor //. Wob. 

3 yerna H. Web. 
quadrifl5ra. 
reHcxa. 

2 rdbra. 
rtibens. 

petluncularis Sal. 
viscana Hort. Kcw.Icon. 
cylindrica. 
divaricata Lodd. 
gclida Bot. Cab. 
mcarnata Andr. Heath. 
trivialis M'Nab. 
Eur^lepis (rlca L.) albens Bot. Mag. fig. 882. H&- 

licacaba Andr. Heath. 

Eurystdgia (rlca L.) triceps Bot. Cab. fig. 883. 
(Apsoeallis (Eric* L.) nudiflbra Sm. Icon. 
Lophandra (rlca L.) ctibica Andr. Heath, fig. 884. 

2 minor //. tt\,/>. 

3 major Hort. Brit. 
Lamprotis (Erica L.) calyclna Andr. Heath, fig. 885 

2 mnjor H. Wob. 
PichyM (rlca L.) blccaiu Bot. Mag. 



Syringddea (/?rlca L.) abletina. 

? clavwflbra Don's Mill. 



Page 



coldrans Bot. Re". 

conciuna Andr. Heath. 
discolor Anrtr. Heath. 
i-lata Andr. Heath. 

Andr. Heath. 

2 glabra. 

3 speciosa. 

1 Inii-iilora. 
5 pilosa. 



.V. //>m<rolde3 Andr. Heath. 
N. /lerspu-ua Hort. Kew. 

2 superba. 

Vbaaueo^Je$ Andr. Heath, 
perspicua Wendl. Eric. 

2 n^na. 
radiata Andr. Heath. 

2 discolor. 

simpliciflbra Wendl. Eric. 
spicata Andr. Heath. 

2 pallida H. Wob. 
tubirtbra Andr. Heath. 
vestlta. 

1 alba. 

2 incarnkta. 

3 purpdrea. 

4 rbsea. 

5 fulgida. 

6 coccinea. 

7 Idtea. 

8 mutabilis. 

9 ^legans. 



App. V. List of a few of the larger Specimens 
of exotic Heaths, cultivated in the Royal 
Botanic Garden, Edinburgh ; with their Di- 
mensions, *c., as taken from the Plants, 
} 2th July, 1836 ..... 1094 

App. VI. Culture of the hardy and half- 
hardy Species and Varieties of Ericete belong- 
ing to the Group Ericece nor males. - 1094 



ii. 
1 



* L_J 



- 1105 

i_J ja a. 



1077. 1105 



__! Jc t, fc 

IV. ANDRCrMED^ L. . 

THE ANDROMEDA. 

Poli/olia Buxbaum. 
Andromeda, sp. L. 



1. 7>olifolia L. *- Europe fig. 889. 1106 

The Poly -leaved- Andromeda, or Moorwort. 
Rhododendron polifoliutn Scop. 
Wild Rosemary, Poly Mountain, Marsh 

Cistiis, Moorwort,' Marsh Holy Rose. 
Andromede, Fr. and Ger. 

Varieties n. - - - 1106 

1 angustifolia Lodd. . fig. 89O. 

2 ericoides a. 

3 grandifiora Lodd. a. fig. 891. 

4 lati folia Lodd. . fig. 892. 

5 minima n. 

6 revoluta Lodd, *. fig. 893. 

7 scotica tt 

8 stricta . 



2. rosmarinifolia Pursh. a. Newfoundland 

1106 

The Rosemary-leaved Andromeda. 
A. poltffeui Michx. 



Ixxxvi 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

V. CASSrOPA 1 D. Don. . _J 

1077. 1107 

THE CASSIOPE. 

Andr6meda sp. L. et Pall. 



1. Aypnoides D. Don. n. I N. Europe 

fig. 894-. 1107 
The Hypnum-like Cassiope. 

Andr6,neda hypnoides L. &c. 

2. tetragona Z). Dora. - J N. America 

fig. 895. 1107 

The four-cornered-branched Cassiope. 
Andromeda tetragona L. 

App. i. Hardy Species of Cassiope not yet 
introduced. - - 1107 
C. lycopodioldes D. Don. 

Andromeda, lycopodioldes Pall. 
C. ericoldes D. Don. 

Andromeda, erico'ides Pall. 

0. Redowski? G. Don. 

Andromeda. Reddwskii Cham, et Schlecht. 
C. Mertenszawa G. Don. 

Andromeda Mertensiana Bongard. 
C. fastigiata D. Don. 

Andrtmed&fastigidta Wall. PI. Par. 

Andromeda cupressiformis Wall. MSS. 

VI. CASSA'NDJU D. Don. n. 

1077. 1108 
THE CASSANDRA. 

Anaromeda sp. L. and others. 

1. calyculata D. Don. n. North America 

fig. 896. 1108 
The calyculated Cassandra. 

Andromeda calyculata L. 

Varieties n. - - - 1 1 08 

1 ventricosa Sims. . 

2 latifolia Lodd. n. 

3 niina Sims. . 

2. (c.) angustifolia G. Don. tt N. Amer. 

fig. 897. 1108 
The narrow-leaved Cassandra. 

Andr6meda. calyculata fcangustifdlia\A\t. 
Andromeda angustifolia Pursh. 
Andromeda, crispa Desf. et Link. ' 

VII. ZENO V BL4 D.Don. & * 

1077. 1108 
THE ZENOUIA. 

Andromeda, sp. Mlchx. 

1. speciosa D. Don. sit j Carolina 

fig. 898. 1109 

The snowy flowered Zenobia. 

Andrdmeda specidsa Michx. 

Varieties & Jtt - - 1109 
<2 nitida Pursh. & ja fig. 899. 
3 pulverulenta Pursh. 3k JM f. 900. 
Andromeda pulverulenta Bartr. 
Andromeda cassine/ii/m /3 Vent. 
Andromeda specidsa var. -y glauca 

Wats. 

Andromeda dealbtlta Lindl. 
Andromeda ovata Soland MSS. 

VIII. LYOWJ Nutt. ^ * m * *. 

1077. 1109 
THE LYONIA. 

Andromeda sp. L. and various others. 



A. Leaves evergreen. 

1. ferruginea A"M. * N. America 1109 

The rusty-/ooA-m Lyonia. 

Amlromed.A.Jerrug'mea. Walt. 
Andromeda ferruginea pfruticdsa Michx. 

2. rfgida Nutt. * North America 1110 

The rigid-leaved Lyonia. 

Andromeda ferruginea Willd . 
Andromeda fcrrnginca 1 urboresccns MX. 
Andromeda rlgida Pursh. 

3. marginata D. Don. n. North America 

fig. 902. 1110 
The marginated-leaved Lyonia. 

Andromeda margiruita Du Hain. 
Andromeda coriucea Willd. 
Andromeda Ihcida Lam. 
Andromeda mariana Jaoq. 

Variety st. - - - 1110 
2 rubra Lodd. a. fig. 900. 

B. Leaves deciduous. 

4. mariana D. Don. j* North America 

fig. 903. 1110 

The Maryland Lyonia. 

Andromeda mariana L. 

Variety M - - - 11 1 1 
2 oblonga Swt. jac 

5. racemosa D. Don. & N. America 1111 

The racemose-./fowwerf Lyonia. 
Andromeda racemdsa L. 
Andromeda paniculuta Walt. 

6. arborea D.Don. *t N. America 1111 

The Tree Lyonia. 

Andromeda arborea L. 

7. paniculata Nutt. & N. Am. f.904. 1111 

The panicled-jlnivered Lyonia. 
Andromeda paniculata L. 

8. salicifolia Wats. & N. Am. f. 905. 1111 
The Willow -leaved Lyonia. 

9. frondosa Nutt. ffi N.America 1112 

The branchy Lyonia. 

Andromeda fronddsa Pursh. 

10. multiflora Wats, j* North America 

fig. 906. 1112 

The many-flowered Lyonia. 

11. capreaefolia Wats, at North America 

fig. 907. 1112 
The Goat-Willow-leaved Lyonia. 

App. i. Doubtful Species of Lyoma, not yet 
introduced. - - 1112 



IX. LEUCO'THO^ D. Don. * a. 

1077. 1113 
THE LEUCOTHOE. 

Andromeda sp. of authors previously. 

1. axillaris D. Don. * North America 
fig. 908. 1113 

The ax i 11 nry-rrr ?;?<"<? Leucothoe. 

Andromeda axilUirix Solaudcr. . 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxxvii 



Variety ft - - - 1113 
2 longifolia 

Andromeda, loneifdlia Pursh. 
Andromeda WtOtet\ ll'HUt. 

2. spinulosa G. Dow. tt. North America 
fig. 909. 1113 

The spinulose-tooih-It'avcd Leucothoe. 
Atidn'tied - A sfiinulofa Pursh. 
AndromedA CtilmbxK Walt. 



3. acuminata G. Don. it North America 

fig. 910. 1113 

The acuminate-/rat>ed Leucothoe. 
Andromed'A acnmhulta Ait. 
AndromedA lucidii Jacq. 
Androined-A popttljfiHia Lam. 

AndromedA rcticiililta Walt. 
Andr6meda..t'ormos'issima Bartr. 
Andnimed'A \mtrina Michx. 
Pipe-stem-wood, Amer. 

4. floribunda D. Don. * North America 

fig. 911. 1114 

I The numerous-flowered ^eucothde. 1 
Aiidrumcd&Jloribunda Lyons. 



spicata G.Don. N. Am. f. 912. 

The spicate-racrvwtvf Leucothoe. 
Andromeda spicata Wats. 



11 14 



X. PrERIS D.Don. 1 - 1077. 1114 

THE PIERIS. 

Andr6med&sp. Wallich. 

1. oval ifol ia D. Don. 1 Nepal f. 913. 1115 

The oval-leaved Pieris. 

Andnkneda. owlifWa Wall. 
Attdrumeda. capricida Ham. MSS. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of Pieris not ye.t 
introduced. - - 1115 

P. formbsa D. Don. 

Andromeda formula Wall. 
P. lanceolata D. Don. 

Amlrrimed* tanceoliita Wall. 

Andrilmeda sauamulota D. Don. 
P. japdnica D. Dn. tig. 914. 

AiidrvnifdajupiSnica Thunb. 

XI. PHYLLO'DOC^ Sal. . it, 

1077. 1115 

THE PHYLLODOCE. 

Andromeda, sp . L. 

Menzi&sia. sp. Swartz and Smith. 

1. /axifblia Sal. - Europe f. 915. 1115 

The Yew-leaved Phyllodoce*. 
Mfiiziesia. pterulea Swz. 
Andrt'uHt'd'A ceertilcii L. 
Aii'lr<>Hit'd'A tn.> -ifiilia Pall. 
V.nca ctcralca Willd. 

2. nnpetriformis D. Don. t- N. America 

fig. 916. 1116 
The Empetrum-like Phyllodoce. 

Mt'iiz/dxiu v>nj>clr~if<Jrmis Sm. 

XI I. DABCE N C/J D. Don. - 1077. 1 1 16 

THE DABCECIA. 

Er'icn sp. Lin. 
Andromeda sp. Lin. 
Menziisia, sp. Juss. 

1 . /jolifolia D. Don. n. Ireland 

fig. 917, 918. 1116 
The Poly-leaved Dabrecia. 

Andi-itmed-A Dabn^nn Lin. Syst. 
Er'ica Dabie^na. 1. in. sp. 
McNCtMa DabafAz Dec. 
Erica hibtrnica, $c., U;iy. 



Ppge 

,o-ia polift'lia Juss. 
\ (teeiniiiiii canttibrieum Hutls. 
Irish U'liortx, Cantabrian Heath, Saint 
Dabcoc's Heath. 

Variety . - - -1116 
2 flore albo Swt. M. 

XIII. ARBUTUS Corner. 1 1 -J 
*L_J - - - 1077. 1117 

THE ARBUTUS, or Strawberry Tree. 
Andrueline ('In,-. 
A'rbutus sp. L. 
Arbousier, Fr. 
Sttinlbeere, Ger. 
Abbatro, Ital. 

J. C/'nedo L. 1 m S. Europe f. 9 19. 1117 

The Unedo Arbutus, or Strawberry Tree. 

L'Arbousier commun, Arbousier del Py- 
renees, Fraisier en Arbre, Fr. 
Erdbeereartige Sandbeere, Ger. 
Komad, Mod. Greek. 

Varieties. In - - 1 1 1 7 

1 albus Ait. i * 

2 ruber Ait. I it 

3 plenus Ait. it 

4 schizopetalus * 

5 integrifolius Sims, it 

6 crisp us it 

7 salicifolius ft 



2. hybrida Ker. 



The hybrid Arbutus. 

A. andrachnotdes Link. 

Variety 1 tt 
2 Milleri 1 m 

A. Milleri Mayes. 



* Hybrid 
p!. 192. fig. 920. 1119 



1120 



3. ^-Indrachne L. 1 Levant pi. 193. 120 

The Andrachne Arbutus. 
A. integrifolia Lam. 
Andruchne Thevphrusti Clus. 
Andrachne Park. Theatr. 
Adrachne of Theophrastus. 
Andracfila, Mod. Greek. 

Varieties - - - 1 1 2O 
l.With serrated leaves Tourn. 
2 With large oblong fruit, Tourn. 
3. With large compressed fruit, 

Tourn. 
2 serratifblia fig. 821 i t_J 

A. terratijuUa Nois. 

4. procera Douglas. * N.America 1121 

The tall Arbutus. 

5. tomentosa Pursh. it N. America 1122 

The downy Arbustus. 

Arctustdphylos tomentosa Lindl. 

Variety it - - - 1 1 22 

2 nuda Hook, et Arn. it 

6. densiflora H. B. et Kunth. it i_| Mexico 

1122 
The densely -flowered Arbutus. 

App. i. Hardy Species of A'rbutus not yet 
introduced. - - 1122 

A. Murifolia L. 

A. Menziesii Pursh. 

A. cordifolia 

ArcUrtdtihylut eord(ft>Ua I.indl. 
A. glauca 

ArciotfJphytoi xlmica I.inill. 



Ixxxviii 



CONTENTS. 



Page 
A pp. ii. Half-hardy Species of A 'rbutus. 1122 

A. canariends Lam. * L-J fig. <m. 
X. petiolaris H. B. et Kuuth. 
A. furem Hook, et Arm. 
A. xalap-nsis H. /?. rf JfunM. 
A.m6\\isH. B. et KuHt/i. 
A. ferruginea L. 

XIV. ^RCTOSTA'PHYLOS Adans. 
- - - 1078. 1123 



THE BEARBERRY. 

ITva-tlrsiDod. 
A'rbutus sp. L. 

1. ITva-ursi S-preng. ~ Europe 

fig. 923. 1123 

The common Bearberry. 

A'rbutus ITva-ursi'L. 

A'rbutus bujtifolia Stokes. 

ITva-ursi \suxifolia Sal. 

Bear berries, Bear-tohortle-berries, Eng. 

Barentraube, Barenbeere, Ger. 

JSeerenduuif, Dutch. 

La Basserole. Fr. 

L^vad'Orzo, Ital. 

ITva de Oso, Span. 

Uva de Ursa, Port. 

Uva-ursi, in works of most old Botanists. 

2. alpina Spreng. Jc Europe - 1123 

The Alpine Bearberry. 
A'rbutus alpina L. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of Arctostdphylos 
not yet introduced. - - 1124 

A. polifolia H. B. et Knnth. 

Andrdnuda ledtfolia Humb. 
A. glaucescens H. B. ft Kuntk. 
A. tn'mgens H. B. et Kunth. 
A. HotSkeri G. Don. 

A'rbutut pungent Hook. 

XV. PERNE'TTY.4 Gaud. *<-J *~ 

1078. 1124 
THB PBRNETTYA. 

1. mucronata Gaud. JU Terra del Fuego 

fig. 924. 1124 
The mucronste-leaved Pemettya. 
A'rbutus mucron&ta L. 

2. pilosa G. Don. Mexico - - 1124 

The pilose, or hairy, Pernettya. 
A'rbutus pilitsa Grah. 

App. i. Hardy Species of Pernettya, not yet 
introduced. - - 1125 

P. microph/lla Gaud. 

A'rbutut microphMa Forst. 

A'rbvtut serpytlifiUia Lam. 
P. Jfyrsinites G. Don. 

Andrdmeda. Mr/rtinitet Lam. 

App. ii. Half-hardy Species of Pernfatya. 1125 

P. empetrlfolia Gaud. 

A'rtnUu* emjetnf,\lia Undl. 

A'rhuttu pi'mila Willd. 

Andrifmeda empetrifolia Lam. 
P. pfcmila Gaud. *| _ | 

A'rbutut piimilaVont. 
P. Cavanillesidna G. Don. 

Andnhnedn proitrdia Car. 
P. purpurea D. Don. 
P. ciiiaris D. Don. 



XVI. GAULTHE'R/J L. 



THB GACLTHEHIA. 



1078. 1125 



1. procumbens L. 



North America 

fig. 925. 11-^5 
The procumbent Gaultheria. 

Partridge Berry, Mountain 'Lea, Spring 
Winter Green, Sm. 



2. Shallon Pursh. ft. N. Am. f. 926. 1126 

The Shallon Gaultheria. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of Gaultheria.. 1 1 26 

G. fragrandssima D. Don. 1 I _ | 
G. fragrant D. Don. 
A'rbutut laurtfolia Hamil. 

App. ii. Hardy and half-hardy Species of 
Gaultheria, not yet introduced. - 1126 

G. nummularioides D. Don. 
G. ciliata Cham, et Schlecht. 
Several other Species 

XVII. EPIG^E X A L. *, - 1078. 1126 
THE EPIG./BA. 

Memerylum' Mich x . 

May Flower, Nova Scotia. 

1. repens L. &, North America - 1127 

The creeping Epigaea. 

XVIII. PHALEROCA'RPUSG.J^ow. 

|r/. - ... - 1078. 1127 
THE PHALEROCARPUS. 
Vacclm'um L. 
Gaultheria Pursh. 
Oxycvccus Nutt. 
A' 'rbutus Lam. 

1. *erpyllifolia G. Don. ^ N. Amer. 1127 

The Wild-Thyme-leaved Phalerocarpus. 
\occinium hispidulum L. 
Gaulthtri-A serpylltfblia Pursh. 
A.' rbutus Jiliformis Lam. 
Oxycdccus fiispiduius Pers. 



XIX. CLETHRAi. 



1078. 1127 



THE CLETHRA. 

Cuellaria . rt P. 

1. alnifolia L. N. Amer. f. 927. 1128 

The Alder-leaved Clethra. 

C. alntfdlta var. , denudata Ait. 

2. (a.) tomentosa Lam. n N. America 

fig. 928, 929. 1128 
The downy Clethra. 

C. &ln\fdlia /3 puMscens Ait. 
C. mcdna Pers. 



3. (a.) paniculata ^4^. afc N. Amer. 1128 
The panicled-^owered Clethra. 



4. 



N. America 
1128 



The acuminated-teflwed Clethra. 
C. montana Bartr. 



North America 1128 



5. (a.) scabra Per*. 

The roiigh-teared Clethra. 



App. i. Half-hardy Species of Cltthra. 1 129 

C. arborea Ait. * | _ J fig. 930. 
C. femiKinea H. et P. * l_J 
C. nif 61la Sn>art*. f Q 
Tint,, occitlenttiuT. 
Other species of Clethra 

App. I. Half-hardy Genera belonging to the 
Section Ericea: and Andromedesc of the 
Order JZricdcea. - - - - 1 1 29 

-Agarirta fcuxifolia G. Don. * I I 
Andrdmed* buxiftiia Lam. 






CONTENTS. 



Ixxxix 



Sect. II. 



_J L tLLJ ._! 



1129 

-* 



XX. tfHODODE'NDRON L. * tt 

. ._! Jc t, - 1078. 1130 

THE RHODODENDRON, or Rose Bay. 
Azalea sp. of authors. 
ll/iodbra Li. 

C/t(tin<rrhododt!ndros Tourn. 
Rhododendron, Fr., Ital., and Span. 
Alpbalsam, Ger. 



i. Ponticum D. Don. 



tt a. a. 



1131 



ponticum L. tt Pontus fig. 931. 1131 

The Pontic Rhododendron. 






Varieties 8k tt 

2 obtusum Wizte. tt 

3 ?nyrtifolium Lodd. tt 

4 Smitlm Swt. tt 

5 L6w Gard. Mag. tt 

6 azaleoides & tt 

R. azaleoides Desf. 

R. jo. subdeciduum Andr 

Subvariety ? tt tt 
.R. p. a. odoratum Lotfd. 
Nursery Varieties. 



- 1131 



2. maximum I/, tt N. Amer. f. 932. 1 134 
The largest Rhododendron. 

Varieties tt - - - 1131 

2 album Hort. tt 

3 hybridum Hook. * 

K.fnigrans Hort. 
R. hybridum Lodd. 

3. (m.)purpureum G.Don.* N. Am. 1 135 

The purpleytoMK'raf Rhododendron. 

R. maximum y purpiireum Pursh. 
R. ponticum macrophyllum Lodd. 

4. Purshu G. Don. tt North America 1135 

Pursh's Rhododendron. 

R. maximum ft dlbum Pursh. 

5. catawbiense Michx. tt North America 

fig. 933. 1135 
The Catawba Rhododendron. 

Varieties - - - 1135 

2 Russelhawwm Brit. Fl.-Gard. tt 

3 tigrinum Hort. tt 

6. chrysanthum L. a. Siberia - 1135 

The golden-floworcd Rhododendron. 
R. dfficiniilc Salisb. 



7. cauc&skiua Pall. 



Page 

Caucasus 
fig. 934. 1136 
The Caucasian Rhododendron. 

Varieties tt . - - 113G 

2 stramineum Hook. . 
8 pulcherrimum Lindl tt 
4 Noblednww Hort. tt 

8. punctatum Andr. tt North America 
fig. 935. 1136 

The doited-leaved Rhododendron. 
R. ferrugineum var. minus Pers. 
R. minus Michx. 
R. punctatum var. minus Wats. 



Variety tt 
2 majus Ker. 



- 1137 



9. ferrugfneum L. . Eur. f. 936. 1137 

The rusty-leaved Rhododendron. 

Variety - - - 1137 

2 album Lodd. tt- 



10. (?f.) hirsutum L. . 

The hairy Rhododendron. 



dlbum - 

angustifolium 


1131 
1131 


angustissimum 
arbutifolium 


1131 
1131 


bromeli^fd/ium 
bullatum 


1131 
1131 


Cti8sinef6\i\im - - 


1131 


caeruMscens 


1131 


contdrtum 


1131 


cri spurn 
fl.pleno - 


1131 
1131 


fol. an^ntels 


1131 


fol. aureis 


1131 


fol. marginatis 
frond6sum 


1131 
1131 


grandifldrum 


1131 


incarnatum 


1131 


intermfedium 


1131 




1131 


macrophyllum 


1131 


nivaticum 


1131 


obtiisuni 


1131 


pygmoe'um 
r6seum 


1131 
1131 


alicif61ium 
spectabile 
violiiceum 


1131 
1131 
1131 



fig. 937. 1137 

- 1137 
2 variegatum n. 

11. setosum D. Don. a. _J Nepal - 1137 

The bristly Rhododendron. 
R. macrophyllum D. Don. tt . . -1138 

ii. Lepipherum D. Don. j* a. X I 1133 

12. lapponicum Wahl. IU~J N. Europe 

fig. 938. 1138 
The Lapland Rhododendron. 
Azalea lapponica L. 
Azalea ferruginea Hort. 

13. dauricum L. j* Siberia f. 939. 1138 

The Dahurian Rhododendron. 

Variety a. - - - 1139 
2 atrovirens Ker. . 

R. lepidbtum Wall. . . .1139 

iii. Chamcecistus D. Don. JU - 1139 

14. camtsch4ticum Pall. JU Kamtschatka 

fig. 940. 1139 

The Kamtschatka Rhododendron. 

15. Chamajcfstus L. *~ Eur. f. 941. 1139 
The Ground- Cistus Rhododendron. 

iv. PentanthZra D. Don. & 1139 

16. flavum G. Don. (Azalea pontica L.) * 

Levant - - fig. 942. 1140 

The Pontic, or common, Azalea. 
Azalea pontica L. Sp. 
Azalea arbdrca L. Sp., ed. 1. 

Varieties and Hybrids. 



A 


p. 2 alba 
3 aurdntia 


1140 
1140 




4 crocata 


114O 




5 cuprea 
6 flimmea 


1140 
1140 




ijttr .' / 

9 ignescens 
10 ochrolefaca - 


1140 
1140 
1140 
1140 




11 pallida 


1140 




12 tricolor 


1140 




k 





xc 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

17. nudiflorum Torr. (Azalea nudiflora 
L.) N. America fig. 943. 1 140 

The naked-flowered Azalea. 
Azalea nudffldra L. 
Azalea periclymenoides Michx. 
The American Honeysuckle. 
May Flowers; Wild, or upright, Honey- 
suckle, Amer. 

Varieties and Hybrids - 1141 

1 coccineum D. Don. & 

Azalea n. coccinea Sims. 

2 rutilans D. Don. & 

Azalea n. riitilans Ait. 
Azalea periclymenoides rutilans 
Pursh. 

3 cdrneum D. Don. & 

Azalea n. cdrnea Ait. 
Azalea p. cdrnea Pursh. 

4 album D. Don. & 

Azalea n. alba Alt. 
Azalea p. alba Ait. 

5 papilionaceum D. Don. StL 

Azalea p. papiliondcea Pursh. 

6 partitum D. Don. & 

Azalea p. partita Pursh. 

7 polyandrum D. Don. fc 

Azalea p. polydndra Pursh. 

8 Govenidnum D. Don. & f. 944. 

9 rubrum Lodd. & 

10 eximium D. Don. & 



20. 



21. 



Varieties 3fc - 1142 

2 Mortem Swt. 3fe 

3 fulgidum JfooA. 3fe 

yi. c. fiilgida Hort. 

canescens (r. Don. (A. (n.) canes- 
cens Michx.} & Carolina - 1 143 

The canescent Azalea. 

Azalea canescens Michx. 



Varieties and Hybrids, according to 
Lodd. Cat. 

2 alba et r libra 

3 amu-'na 

4 blanda 

5 cdrnea 

6 caroliniana 

7 Cobfirgto 

8 colorata 

9 conspicua 

10 crispa 

11 cdmula 

12 discolor 

13 fastigiata 

14 B&renltao 

15 florida 

16 globosa 



17 grandiflora 

18 incana 

19 incarnate 

20 miriibiHs 

21 montana 

22 ochroleiica 

23 pallida 

24 palliddsa 

2.5 papilionacea 

26 periclymenSldes 

27 purpurascens 

28 purpiirea - 

29 rosea 

30 ruWrrima 

31 rubictinda 

32 rtbra 

33 rtifa 

34 riitilans 

35 ser<5tina 

36 staminea 

37 stellata 

38 tricolor 

39 varia 

40 vari^bilis 

41 variegata 

42 versicolor 

43 violacea 



1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
1142 
- 1142 



18. bicolor G. Don. (A. (n.) bicolor 

Pursh.) & Carolina- -1142 
The two-coloured-^owered Azalea. 
Azalea bicolor Pursh. 
Azalea n. bicolor Ait. 

19. calendulaceum Torr. (A. (n.) calen- 

dulacea Michx.) Sfc Carolina 
fig. 946. 1142 

The Marigold-./fot0rf Azalea. 
Azalea calendulacea Michx. 
Azdlea nudifldra var. coccinea Ait. 



viscosum Torr. (A. viscosa L.) & 


North America - fig. 947. 1143 


The clammy-flowered Azalea. 
Azalea viscosa L. 


Varieties & - - 1143 


2 ornatum Swt. a 


Varieties and Hybrids, according to 


Lodd. Cat. 


A. Varieties. 


A. v. 2 alba 


1143 


3 crispa 


1143 


4 dealbata 


1143 


5 penicillkta 


1143 


6 prae'cox 


1143 


7 puWscens 


1143 


8 variegata 


1143 


9 vittata 


1143 


10 rlolae od6re 


1143 


B. H$brid<e altaclerenses. Hy 


rids 


raised at High Clere. 




11 amoe*na 


1143 


12 actinata 


1143 


13 aur6rae 


1143 


14 basilfssa 


1143 


15 calodendron 


1143 


1 caloc<5n-phe 
17 Carton/a - 


1143 
1143 


18 cliarit-ssa 


114.3 


19 coccfnea ndbili* 


1143 


20 eudce'mon 


1143 


21 eiiprepes 
22 QvvSSa 


1143 
1143 


23 HerbertWna 


1143 


21 iinperatrix 


1143 


25 inclvta 


1145 


26Jasminod6ra 
27 l^pida 


1143 
1143 


28 ochroleiica 


1143 


29 poikila 


1143 


30 prfntica Harvard 


1143 


h^xapla. 




31 pulcMla 


1143 


32 regklis - 


1143 


33 rtigens 


1143 


34 thyrsiflbra - - - 1113 



C. B$brid<s Icb'ica;. Hybrids raised 
in Belgium. 



35 Agate 
3C albo nleno 


37 


mibilis 


."S 


mardntina 


89 


irxcnissima 


40 


rdens 


11 
M 


tro-rubens 
urantia maxima 



43 blandida 

44 calendulhcea glob6sa 

insignis. 

n6va. 

superba. 

45 cordon 

46 coccinea maxima 

specids. 

47 concinna 

48 corfrscans 

49 crocea 

globdsa. 

50 crudnta 

51 cdprea 

Slogans. 

exfmia. 

globisa. 

rtbra. 

splt-iidens. 

52 decorkta 

53 decus hort6rum 

54 dulcftdo 

55 electa 



57 exquisUa 
.IS Kcmickii 
59 flamboyants 



- 1113 

- 1143 

- 1143 

- 1143 

- 1143 

- 1143 

- 1143 

- 1143 

- 1143 

- 1143 



- 1143 

- 1143 

- 1143 

- 1143 

- 1143 

- 1143 

- 1143 



- 1143 

- 1143 

- 1143 

- 1143 

111.- 

- 114.- 
1143 

- 1143 



CONTENTS. 



XC1 



v. f,0 frtlpda 
til lulva - 
<\ L > gloria inundi 
maxima. 
minor. 
to (iulit'-liiuM primus 

64 hffteida coccUhn 

cocci nea. 
nivea. 

65 incarnata maxima 

riifora. 

66 lepida 

67 lutea ruhicunda 
6S magnffica 

6!l maritima incarnata 
7( minihta 
71 miral.ilis 
7'> mixta triumphant 
7.~> miniata 
71 Mortem 
7.'"' ii.' plus ultra 
7H niihilis 

77 noritas antillescen-; 

78 noritata 
7'.< optima 

M) ornata pallida 

81 picturata 

82 pontica glob6sa 

konink. 
tricolor var. 

83 prnestantissima 

84 pulrhrlla 

85 punicea 

86 recqui 

87 regina belgica 

88 restantissima 

89 rigida incarnata 

90 robusta 

91 riibra aurantia 

fiilva. 

92 rubricata 

93 sanguinea 
91 Saturni 

95 severa 

96 speci6sa 

!7 spcciosissima 
98 splendens 
'J'J splendida 

100 sulphurea 

101 supdrba 

102 tricolor Jac6W 

Wolff. 
105 triiimphans 

104 variegata 

105 venusta 

106 venustissima 

107 versfcolor 



1113 
1143 



1143 
1113 



- 1143 

- 1143 

- 114 

- 1143 

- 114 

- 1143 

- 1144 

- 1111 

- 1144 

- 1144 

- 1144 

- 1144 

- 1144 

- 1144 

- 1144 

- 1144 

- 1144 

- 1144 



1144 

1144 

1144 

1144 

1144 

1144 

1144 
1144 

1144 

1144 
1144 

1144 
1144 
1144 
1144 
1144 
1144 
1144 
1144 
1144 

1144 
1144 
1144 
1144 
1144 



22. glaucum G.Don. (A. (v.) glauca Ph.) 

& North America - - 1144 

The glaucous-leaved Azalea. 
Azvlea glauca Pursh. 
Azalea viscdsa var. floribdnda Ait. 

23. hfspidum Torr. (A. (v.) hispida Ph.) 

& North America fig. 948. 1144 

The hispid Azalea. 

Azalea hispida Pursh. 
Azalea viscdsa var. glauca Ait. 

24. nftidum Ton-. (A. nitida Ph.) * 

North America - fig. 949. 1 144 

The glossy-leaved Azalea. 
Azalea nitida Pursh. 

25. specidsum G. Don. (A. specidsa 

Willd.) m N. Amer. f. 950. 1 145 
The showy Azalea. 

Aztilea specidsa Willd. 
Azalea coccinea Lodd. 

26. arborescens Torr. (A. arbore'scens 

Pursh.) * North America 1 145 

The arborescent Azalea. 

Azalea arborescens Pursh. 

v. Rhodora D. Don. $ _J * _J 1145 

27. Rhodora G. Don. (Rhodora canade'n- 

sis Z,.) * N. Amer. f. 951. 1145 

The Canada Rhodora. 

Rhoddra canadtnsis L. 



Page 

A pp. i. Half -hardy Species of Rhododendron 
(and Azalea). - - 1146 

$ 1. Bodram. f | il | 

A. Species already introduced into British Gardens- 

28. arboreum Smith. 1 I Nepal 

fig. 951. 1146 

The scarlet-flowered Tree Rhododendron. 
R.purpdreum Harailt. MSS. 

Varieties and Hybrids 1 _J 1 146 

1 sanguineum Lindl. f I 

2 roseum Swt. 1 I 

3 niveura Swt. 1 I 

R. album Hamilt. MSS. 
R. a. ft. nivcis D. Don. 
R. a. album Wall. 

4 einnamomeum i I 

H. cinnatnomcum Wall. 

5 venustum D. Don. 

Other Varieties and Hybrids of R. 
arbdreum and other half-hardy 
Species - - 1147 

. a. altacler6nse. fig. 952. 

29. campanulatum D. Don. * I Nepal 

fig. 953. 1147 
The bell-shaped-./&>tt'<?raf Rhododendron. 

R. barbatum Wall. - - - - - 1148 

. zeylanicum Lodd. - - - -1148 

. strictum Lodd. - - - 1148 

B. Species not yet introduced. 

R. form&sum Wall. - - - -1148 

ft. linearifblium Pofr. - - 1148 

ii. Pogondnthum. L 

30. anthopogon D. Don. L Nepal 

fig. 954. 1148 

The bearded-flowered Rhododendron. 
R. aromdticum Wall. 

iii. Tsutstitsi D. Don. 
t^ j*|_| n.^ Jc JU. 
A. Indian half-hardy Azaleas in British Gardens. 

31. indicum Swt. (A.indicaZ,.) *i_J China 

The Indian Azalea. % 955. 1148 

Azdlea (ndica L. 

Varieties and Hybrids l_J 1 149 

2 phceniceum Don's Mill. * | | 

Azalea {ndica phcctiicta Swt. 
Azalea \eaiJMta phanicea Hook. 

3 fibre pleno * i I 

Azalea {ndica jl. plena Hook. 

4 fedifblium fig. 956. * i I 

R. ledifdlium Don's Mill. 

A. i. dlha Lindl. 

A. \edifulia Hook. 

R. leuciiiMum Bunge. 

5 pulchrum Don's Mill. <tt i I 

A.i.pMchraHon. 
R. piilchrum Swt. 
R. i. var. y SmMM Smt. 

6 ignescens Sift, it \ | 

A. i. igne'scens Hon. 

7 aurantiacum G. Don it \ | 

A. i. aiiriintitica Hort. 

8 luteum Swt. m \ \ 

A.i.liiteiillort. 

9 spathulatum Blum. fH i I 

A. i. spathiUiaa Hort. 

10 grandiflorurn Blum, it \ | 

A. i. erand(flora Hort. 

11 angusti^lium Blum, it , I 

A. i. anguttifolia Hort. 

12 floribundum Blum, it i I 

A. i.Jlpribunda Hort. 

13 Daniels/VinMwz * i | 

A. i. DMbMhM Paxton. 

14 lateritium it \ J 

A. i. MtrtftoiZkb. 

15 variegatum Blum, it \ | 

A. i. variegata Lindl. 

16 specibsum 2). Don. * i_J 

A. i. ipecinta Hort. 

k 2 



XC11 



CONTENTS. 



PaRe 

32. sincnse Swt. (A. sindnsis Lodd.) i I 
China - - fig. 957. 1149 

The Chinese Azalea. 

AtOlea sintntit Ixxld. 

Varieties and Hybrids *ti I 
Jc t, - 1149 

2 flavescens Swt. it \ | 

A. i. ZJlav&cent. 

3 macranthum Don's Mill. * \ | 

Azalea mncrdniha Bunge. 
R. nitem D. Don MSS. 



ft. reticulatum D. Don MSS. 

4*tfea reticulata Hort. 
ft. Farrera Tate. J* I _ I 

AzMea Fu'rrme Hort. 
ft. decumbens D. Don AfSS. * 
cutnbens Hort. 



fig- 958. 1150 
- 1150 



B. Indian Azaleas not yet introduced. 
ft.scabrum Con's Mitt. *M 1 H50 

Az&lea scatira. 

R. mdximum Thunb. 
ft. mucron&tum G. Don. ^L-J 1150 

Aztilea mucrnndta Blum. 

? R. \edifolium (A. i. dlba Lindl.). 
ft. Burmdnnt G. Don. * I _ I - 1150 

Azidea rosmarinifMia Burm. 
ft. mollis O. Don. *t jTj - 1150 

AzMea nMlu Blum. 
ft. Loureiridna G. Don. * | _ | 

Azalcii punctata Lour. 

iv. Propagation and Culture of the half-hardy 
Species of Rhododendron and'_Azdlea. 

XXI. KA'LM/,4 L. * * L 1078. 1151 
THE KALMIA. 

American Laurel. 

1. latifolia L. * N. Arner. f. 959. 1151 

The broad-leaved Kalmia. 

Mountain Laurel, Calico Bush, Calico 
Flower, Amer. 

2. angustifolia L. * N. Am. f. 960. 1152 

The narrow-leaved Kalmia. 
Sheep Laurel, Amer. 

Variety A - - - 1152 

2 ovata Pursh. * 



3. glauca Ait. . N. Amer. f. 961. 1 152 

The glaucous-leaved Kalmia. 
K. poltfolia Wangh. 

Variety . - - 1152 

2 rosmarinifolia Pursh. a. 

4. cuneata Michx. -* N. America 1152 

The wedge-shaped-teafled Kalmia. 

5. hirsuta Walt. * N. Am. f. 962. 1152 

The hairy Kalmia. 

K. cilidta Bartr. 

XXII. MENZIE V S/J Smith. 

THE MENZIESIA. 1078. 1152 

1. ferruginea Sm. * N. Am. f.963. 1153 

The rusty-flowered Menziesia. 
M. urceoldris Salisb. 

2. globularis Salisb. & N. America 1153 

The globular-flowered Menziesia. 
M. Smlthii Michx. 
Azalea pilosa Lam. 
M. pMsa Pers. 

XXIII. AZA^LEA D. Don. Jc 

THE AZALEA. 1078.1153 

Azalea proctombens L.and many 

authors. 

Loiselettria De$f. 
Chamcelldon Link. 



1. procumbens L,. -* Britain and North 
America - - fig. 964. 1154 
The procumbent Azalea. 

XXIV. LEIOPHY'LLUM Pers. *. 

THE LEIOPHYLLUM. 1078. 1154 

Ammyrsine Pursh. 
Fischers. Swartz. 
~Ledum buxtfdlium Berg. 

1. tfhymifolium Pers. - North America 
fig. 965. 1154 

The Thyme-leaved Leiophyllum. 
Ledum buxtfdlium Berg. 
L,edum thynrifotimn Lam. 
Ledum serpylltfolimn L'Herit. 
Ammyrsine\)uxtf6lia Pursh. 
Sand Myrtle, New Jersey. 

L. prostratum L - - 1165 

Ammyrsine prostrdta Swt. 
Ammyrsinc Lybni Swt. 

XXV. ET)UM L. * *. 1078. 1155 

THE LEDUM. 

1. palustre L. *. N. Amer. f. 966. 1155 

The Marsh Leduin. 

~Ledum sileslacum Clus. 
Rosmarmutn sylvfstre Cam. 

Variety - - 1155 

2 decumbens Ait. . 

2. latifolium Ait. * N. Am. f. 967. 1 155 

The broad-leaved Ledum, or Labrador Tree. 
L. groznlandicum Retz. 
L. palustre Michx. 
Labrador Tea, Amer 

3- canadense Lodd. 51 N.Am. f.968. 1156 

The Canadian Ledum. 

Sect. III. FACCINIESE D.Don. 1156 



XXVI. FACCI'NIUM L. a * *m ^ 
. t. JU-J - 1078. 1156 
THE WHORTLEBERRY. 

Vitis idafa Tourn. 
Airelle, Fr. 
Hcidelbeere, Ger. 

A. Leaves deciduous. 34 

1. Myrtillus i. J* Europe fig. 969. 1156 

The Little- Myrtle-tfAre Whortleberry, or common 
Bilberry, or JBleaberry. 

Variety Jt - 1157 

2 baccis albis jm 

2. uliginosum L. J* Europe f.970. 1157 

The bog Whortleberry, or great Bilberry. 
Myrtillus grand is Bauh. 

3. angustifolium Ait. -** N. Amer. 1158 

The narrow-leaved Whortleberry. 
V. Myrtillus Michx. 

4. caespitosum Michx. -** N. Amer. 1 158 

The tufted Whortleberry. 

5. galezans Michx. J* N. America 1158 

The Gale-like Whortleberry. 
V. gali/cfrmw Smith. 

6. tenellum Ait. * N. Amer. f. 971. 1158 

The delicate Whortleberry. 

V. pennsylvdnicum Lam. 

Variety - - 1159 

7. /igiistrinum MicJix. -** N. Amer. 1 159 

The Privet-like Whortleberry. 



CONTENTS. 



XC111 



9. 



12. 






Page 

p611idum Ait. J* North America 1159 

The \ta\K-Jlan-ertd Whortleberry. 

arboreum Marsh. *k N.America 1159 

The Tree Whortleberry. 
V. dtfbsum Ait. 

stamfneum L. j* N. Am. f. 972. 1 159 
The inw-ttamened Whortleberry. 
V. album Pursh. 
V. elevutum Banks. 

Variety* - - - 1160 
2 album //. B. et Kunth. j* 

dumosum Ait.* N. Am. f.973. 1160 

The bushy Whortleberry. 
V . fronddsum Michx. 
V..Mrtaivm Ait.. 

Variety jt - - - 1160 
2 humile Wats, j* 

corymbdsum L. s* North America 
fig. 974, 975. 1160 

The corymbose-flowered Whortleberry. 
V. ainoe^num Ait. 
V. disomorphum Michx. 
V. elevdtum Hort. 
V. album Lara. 

Varieties & - - - 1161 

2 virgvitum Ait. & fig. 976. 

3 fuscatum Ait. Sfe fig. 977. 

V. funruitum Andr. 

V. virgilttim Wats., not of Ait. 

4 angustifolium. 3fe 

V. virgdtum var. angiuttfdlium Wats. 



albiflorum Hook, a N. Amer. 

The white-flowered Whortleberry. 
V. album Lam. ? 



13. 

14-. marianum Wats. 



1161 



15. 
16. 
17. 

18. 
19. 



20. 



North America 
fig. 978. 1162 

The Maryland Whortleberry. 
V. n m ri land i cum Lodd. 

grandiflorum Wats. j North America 
fig. 979. 1162 
The great-flowered Whortleberry. 

elongatum Wats. a North America 
fig. 980. 1162 
The elongated Whortleberry. 

minutiflorum Wats. * N. America 
fig. 981. 1162 

The minute-flowered Whortleberry. 

glabrum Wats, at N. Am. f. 982. 1162 
The glabrous Whortleberry. 

frondosum L. a N. America 1163 

The frondose Whortleberry. 
V. glaucum Michx. 
Blue Tangles, Amer. 

Variety ft - - - 1163 

2 venustum' Ait. 

V. fronddsum var. /3 lanceolatum 
Pursh. 

resindsum Ait. -** N. Am. f. 983. 1163 

The resinous Whortleberry. 

Andromeda boccuta Wang. 

Varieties J - - - 1163 

2 rubscens Pursh. jt 

3 lut^scens Pursh. jot 

Black Sea 
fig. 984. 1163 

The Bear's Grape Whortleberry. 



21. yJrctostaphylos L. 



Page 

29. (?A.) ;>adifolium Sm. * Madeira 
fig. 985, 986. 1164 

The Bird-cherry-leaved Bear's Grape Whortle- 
berry. 

V. Arclostdpfiylos Andr. 

V. maderensc Link. 

V. caucasicum Hort. 

V. \>adifdlium caucasicum Hort. 



23. 



B. Leaves evergreen. 
caracasanum H. B. et Kunth. 



- 1164 



South America - 

The Caraccas Whortleberry. 

24. Pitis idate . . Europe f.987. 1164 

The Mount Ida Whortleberry, or Cowberry. 
Vltis idafa rubra Cam. 
The red Whortleberry. 

25. (F.) foixifolium Salisb. - N. America 

fig. 988, 989. 1165 
The Box-leaved Whortleberry. 
V. brachycerum Michx. 

26. myrtifolium Michx. -- IN. Am. 1166 

The Myrtle-leaved Whortleberry. 

27. nitidum Andr.*- N. Am. f.990. 1166 

The glossy-leaved Whortleberry. 

28. crassifolium Andr. !U N. America 1166 

The thick-leaved Whortleberry. 

29. ovatum Pursh. m N.Am. f.991. 1166 

The ovate-leaved Whortleberry. 

30. canadense Richards, a. N.Am. 1166 

The Canada Whortleberry. 

31. Myrsinites Michx. ML N. America 1167 

The Myrsine-like Whortleberry. 

Varieties tL - . - 1 1 66 

2 lanceolatus Pursh. tL 

3 obtusus Pursh. tt. 

32. humifusum Grah. !U N. America 1167 

The trailing Whortleberry. 

App. i. Hardy Species of Vaccinium not yet 
introduced. - - 1167 

V. Chamissonts Boneara. 

V. Myrtillus Cham. 
V. ovalifblium Smith. 
V. parvif61ium Smith. 
V. alicinum Cham. 
V. cylindraceum Smith. 
V. confertum H. B. et Kunth. 
V. obtusum Purth. 

App. ii. Half-hardy Species of Vaccinium 
not yet introduced. - -1167 

V. eeminifldrum B. B. ft Kunth. 

V. hirtum Thunb. 

V. calyclnum Smith. 

y. bracteatum Thunb. 

V. ciliatum. 

V. fedifblium Pohl. 

V. floribtindum H. B. et Kunth. 

V. leucinthum Cham, 

I', villosum Smith. 

V. Schlechtendahlii G. Don. 

V. scabrum I'M. 

V. montanum Pohl. 

V. cereum Fortt. 

y. reticulatum Smith. 

V. penduliflorum (i,in,I. 

y. microphjllurn Herb. Reinrvdt. 

y. dentatum Smith. 

V. empetrifolium H. B. ft Kunih. 

y. penicmrff* H. B. et Kunth. 

y. acuminatum H. B. et Kunth. 

V. alaterncildes H. B. et Kunth. 

XXVII. OXYCO'CCUS Pers. . t. 

1078. 1168 
THE CRANBERRY. 

Vaccinium sp. of L. and others. 



XC1V 



CONTENTS. 



1. palnstris Pers. *~ Europe f. 992. 1168 

The Marsh, or common, Cranberry. 

O. vulguris Pursh. 

O. europce^us Nutt. 

Vaccinium Orycoccus L. 

Vaccinium Oft/coccus var. waltfblius 
Michx. 

Vaccinia palustris Ger. Emac. 

Oxycoccum Cord. 

Mossberries, Moorberrics, Fenberries, 
Marshworts, Whortleberries, Corn- 
berries, Eng. 

Airelle canneberge, Fr. 

Gemeine Moosebeere, Ger. 

2. macrocarpus Pursh. !U North America 

fig. 993. 1170 

The large-fruited, or American, Cranberry. 
Vaccinium macrocdrpum Ait. 
Vaccinium hispidulum Wangh. 
Vaccinium Oxy coccus $ oblongtfolius MX. 

Variety !U - - - 1170 
2 fdliis variegatis Hort. JU. 

Vaccinium macrocdrpum fol. var. 
Lodd. 

3. erectus Pr*A. . N. Am. f. 994. 1171 

The erect Cranberry. 

Vaccinium erythrocurpum MX. 

App. I. Genera of ErzcacetE, of which it ap- 
pears doubtful if any hardy ligneous Species 
have yet been introduced. - - 1 1 7 1 

I. BRYA'NTHUS Gmel. !U - - 1171 

THR BRVANTHUB. 

AndriSmeda sp. L. 
Menziesia. Smartz and Punh. 
Erica tp. Thunb. 



1. Gmelim D. Don. 

Gmelin's Bryanthus. 



Kamtschatka 
fig. 995. 1171 

ryiintha Swam. 
Andrtlmeda. brydntha L 
Erica hryiintha Thunb. 
Brydni.hus rtpens serpyllifbliajlbre rdteo Gmel. 

2. Stelleri D. Don. )U North-west America 
fig. 996. 1172 

Steller's Bryanthus. 

Andromeda Stelltrlknn Pall. 
Mensiesia, empetrifdrmis Pursh, but not of others. 
Cladothamnus pyrolaefl6rus Bongard. - -1172 

Pjjrolafruiicdta Eschscholt/,. 

App. II. Half-hardij ligneous Species of 
Ericdceee. - - 1172 

I. ENKIA'NTHUS ZoMr. *uJ - 1172 

THB ENKIANTHVS. 
Meladbra Sal. 

1. quinqueflorus Lour. it\ I China 

fig. 997, 998. 1172 

The five-flowered Enkianthus. 
E. reticuldtus Lindl. 

E. bifl6rus Lour. *t| I 

Virfeyn 

Befarta Humb. et Bonp. *t l_J *_J 

Bgaria Mutit. 

B. glauca Humli. et Bonp. * | 

B. racembsa Vent. Celt. *| | 

B. paniculitta Michx. 



Thibaudirt cordifolia H. B. et Kunth 
Cavendfshw ndbilis Lindl. 
Agapetes D. Don 

R. et P. 



1173 
1173 
1173 

1173 
1173 

1173 
1173 
1173 
1173 
1173 
1173 



App. III. Of the Cultivation of the Hardy 
TZricacete, including the Laying out and 
Planting of an Ericacetum. - - 1173 



Symplocdccce. 



Pape 

1186 



S/mptocos sfnica Ker. 3 
S. cratsegoldes Hamilt. 



China 2 sp. fig. 1007. 
Nepal. 



2. grandifolium Ait. 



Styr&cea. i is? 

I. ASTY^RAXi. a - - 4 sp. 1187 

THE STORAX. 

Alibocificr, Fr. 
Storax, Ger. 

1. officinale L. & Syria fig. 1008. 1187 

The officinal Storax. 

Lagomelia, Modern Greek. 
Sturax kalamitcs, Ancient Greek. 

North America 
fig. 1009. 1188 
The large-leaved Storax. 

S. officindlis Walt. 

S. grandijiorum Michx. 

3. laevigatum Ait. * South Carolina 

fig. 1010. 1188 
The smooth-leaved Storax. 
S. octdndrum L'Herit. 
S. glabrum Cav. 
S.te x eWalt. 
S. americanum Lam. 

4. pulverulentum Michx. $b Virginia and 

Carolina - - fig. 1011. 1189 

The powdery Storax. 

S. l&vigdtum Curt. 



Halesiacese. 



1189 



I. HALE"S/v4 Ellis. 1 & - 3sp. 1189 
THE HALESIA, or Snowdrop Tree. 
HaUsie, Fr. and Ger. 

1 . tetraptera L. t South Carolina 

pi. 194, 195. fig. 1012. 1190 

The four-winged-/rzVed Halesia, or common 
Snowdrop Tree. 

The Snowdrop Tree, Silver Bell Tree, Amer. 

2. (t.) parviflora Michx. & Florida 

fig. 1013. 1190 
The small-flowered Halesia. 

3. dfptera L. 1 * Georgia and Carolina 

fig. 1014. 1191 
The two-winged-/rtod Halesia. 



Sapotdcece. 1191 

I. ARGANIA Roem. et Schultes. t * 

1191 

THE ARGANIA. 

Siderdrylon spindsum L. 
L'Argan, Fr. 
Eisenholz, Ger. 

1. Sider6xylon Roem. ct Schultes. * a 
Morocco - - fig. 1015. 1192 

The Iron-wood Argania. 

Sidcrdxylon spinosum L. Sp. &c. 
Elteoddndron A'rgan Retz. 
TUidmnus pcntaphj/llus Jacq. 
Rhdmnus siculus L. Syst. 



CONTENTS. 



xcv 



II. #UME S LIA Swartz. * 






1192 



1. fycioides Gccrtn. 



THB BUMELIA. 

A^chras sp. Lin. 

Siiter>>.rylon sp. Lam. and others. 
C/irifsi>i>fii//fnt>i sp. Aubl. and others. 
Hochstauin, Ger. 

Carolina 
fig. 1016. 1193 
The Box-thorn-like Bumelia. 

8ider6**lo* \ycwides Du Ham. 

S. lafve Walt. 

Lycioldes sp. Lin. Hort Cliff. 

2. reclinata Vent. & Georgia - - 11 93 

The reclinatt-irrtncAed Bumelia. 

SidcnSxylon reclimltum Michx. 

3. tenax Willd. % Carolina f. 1017. 1193 

The lough-branched Bumelia. 

B. chrysophylloides Pursh. 
Sideroxylon tenax L. 

S. sericeum Walt. 

S. chrysopliylloldes Michx. 

Chrysophyilum carolintnse Jacq. 

C. gldbrum Juss. 

4. lanuginosa Pursh. dfe Carolina and 

Georgia - - - - 1194 

The woolly-feared Bumelia. 

Sideni.It/l:ni t:<nii^i,i<',siim M'clix. 
S. HMM Walt. 

5. oblongifolia Nutt. . 

The oblong-leaved Bumelia. 

B. talicifolia Stvz. i O 

SUerdxylon *<i/iiif"linm Lam. 



N. America 1194 



AYAi-< salicifvlia L. 



Ybenacea. 



i! I. ZJIOSPFROS L. 



THE DA 



1194 



1194 



Wbenus Comm. 
Guaiacana Tourn. 
Plaquemmier, Fr. 
Dattelpflaume, Ger. 

1. Lotus L.^ Caucasus pi. 1 96, 197. 11 94 

The European Lotos, or common Date Plum. 
PseudoMtus Matth. 
Guaiacana patavina Tourn. 
Italian Lignum Vita;, Wood of Life, Pock 

wood, Bastard Menynwood, Gerard. 
Date of Trcbisonde. 
Plaentemimer, Faux Loficr, l-'r 
Italianische Dattelpflaiinie, (k-r. 

2. viriniana L. 



North America 
pi. 198, 199. 1 

The Virginian Date Plum, or Persimon. 
Guaiacana Catcsb. 

Variety - 1 

2 dulcis Prince's Cat. 
Foreman's sweet Persimon. 



19 



3. (v.) pubescens Pursh. N. Am. 1 19 

The dowuy-A'rtwd Virginian Date Plum. 
D. virginiana var. Muhx. 

App. I. Other Species of Ebendceat. 1 1 9 
Diospyrus angustifolia Lodd. Cat. 
1). fc-rtilis Lodd. Cat. 



I). lucida Lodd. Cat. 
D. MabMa Roxh. 



North Anu-iica. 
Philip Islands. 



mbryflpteris Kaki L. { i | Japan. 

D. chinensis Blume- 
Konis, Kaki, Kaempf. 



Qledcece. 



Page 



. 1197 



Sect. I. OLE^NJE. 1197,1198 



1198 



. ilGU'STRUM Tourn. 



THE PRIVET. 

Troene, Fr. 
Ramweide, Ger. 

. vulgare Trag. a S i Britain 

fig. 1019, 1020. 1198 
The common Privet. 

L. germdnicum Bauh. 
Prim, Prim-print. 
Puine blanc, Fr. 
Gemeine Rainireide, Ger. 
Ligustro Olivella, Ital. 

Varieties 1 & * - - 1199 

2 leucocarpum fe 

The white-berried Privet. 

3 xanthocarpum 3fe 

The yellow -berried Privet. 

4 chlorocarpum & 

The green-berried Privet. 

5 sempervirens i fig. 1018. 
The Italian, or evergreen, Privet. 

L. italicum Mill. 

6 variegatum 3^ 

The variegated-fcawd Privet. 

7 angustifolium ^ 

The narrow-leaved Privet. 



2. spicatum Hamilt. 



> ft 1 Nepal 
fig. 1022. 1201 

The spiked-flowered Privet. 
L. nepale'nse Wall. 
L. lanceolatum Herb. Lamb. 
L. nepaUnse var. gldbrum Hook. 

3. liicidum Ait. fig. 1024, 1025. 1201 

The shining-leaved Privet, or Wax Tree. 

Variety - - - 1201 

2 floribundum Donald's Cat. 

App. i. Species of ^igustrum not yet intro- 
duced. - - 1202 

L. sindnse Lour. ^ China. 

L. jap<5nicuin Thunb. Sfc Japan. 

L. lattfMtim Vitm. 

L. jmbescens Wall. Sk Burmese Knipire. 
L. bracteolatum D. Don. 3fe Nepal. 



. 
ltjrea bracteolbta Herb. Lanil.. 



II. PHILLY'REA 

THE PHILLYU; :v. 

Filaria, T. 
Steinlinde, Ger. 

1. angustifolia L. 



1198. 1203 



Italy and Spain 
fig. 1025. 1203 
The narrow-leaved Phillyrea. 
P. obllqua Tenore Syll. 
P. midia Tenore Fl. Neap. 

Varieties - - - 1 204 

2 lanceolata . ///. 

3 rosmarinifolia y4iV. * fig. 

4 brachiata .-//>. * 



XCVl 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

s. media L. S. Europe fig. 1097. 1204 

The intermediate, or lance-leaved, Philtyrea. 
P. lattfdlia var. i media Lapeyr. 
P. ligustrifblia Mill. 
P. lafvis Tenore Syll. 
P. lattfblia var. A ligustrifolia Poll. 

Varieties m - - - 1204 

2 virgata Ait. 

3 ftuxifolia Ait. m 

3. (m.)figu s trifolia Ait. m S. Europe 1204 

The Privet-leaved Phillyrea. 

4. (m.) pendula Ait. m S. of Europe 1204 

The drooping -branched Phillyrea. 
P.mfdia y Willd. 



5. (m.) oleafolia Ait. 

The Olive-leaved Phillyrea. 
P. mkdia S Ait. 
P. racemosa Link. 



S. of Europe 1204 



6. latifolia L. * S. Eur. fig. 1028. 1205 

The broad-leaved Phillyrea. 

P. lattfdlia /3 serrdta Poll. 
P. latifolia B Ten. Fl. Neap. 
P. spinbsa Ten. Syll. 
P. latifolia $ spindsa Seg. 

7 (1.) lae v vis Ait. m South of Europe 
and North of Africa - - 1205 

The smooth Phillyrea. 

P. latifdlia var. A. Willd. Sp. 
P. latifdlia Mill. Diet. 

8. (1.) obliqua Ait. * South Europe 1205 

The oblique-tamed Phillyrea. 

P. //y,tfia y Willd. Sp. 
P./o/ulceaLink. 
Phillyrea ii. Glut. 

9. (1.) spinosa Afi//. * S. Europe 1205 

The spiny, or Holly-leaved, Phillyrea. 
P. ilicifdlia Willd. Euum. 
P. latifblia /3 spinosa Willd. Sp. 
P. latifdlia longifblia Link. 
i. Clus. 



III. CHIONA'NTHUS L. * ft 1098. 

1205 

THB SNOW-FLOWER, or Fringe Tree. 
Chionanthe, Fr.; 
Schneeblume, Ger. 

1. virginica I/. * North America 

fig. 1029, 1030. 1206 

The Virginian Snow- Flower. 
Snowdrop Tree, Amer. 
Arbe de. Neige, Fr. 
Schneeblume, Ger. 

Varieties ft - 1206 

2 latifolia Catesb. & 

C. v. montdna Pursh. 

3 angustifolia ^4i<. sife 

C. trifida Mcench. 

4 maritima Pursh. s 

C. maritima Lodd. 

App. I. Half-hardy ligneous Species of Oled- 
cece belonging to the Section Oleince. 1207 



(/lea europae'a L. t I 

O. Oferfrfer Hoffmansegg. 

O. eurova*a commitnis Ait. 

O. tylvettrii Mill. 
O. e. sativa t l_l fi5. 1031. 

O. tattva Hoftmansegg. 

O. europafa Michx. BS 



O. c. s. kingiftlia Ail. fig. 1038. 
lati?6lia. 

Mill. 



PkLline, Fr. 
Pignola, Ital. 
ferrugfnea /!. flg. 1033. 



Page 



Subvarietics most esteemed in France. 

1. Olivier pleureur. 

OVfii crdniinnvrpfui N. Du Ham. 

2. Olivier a Fruit arrondi. 

OVeu tphaSrica N. DuHam. 

3. Olivier de Lucques. 

OVea i;ior luafnsi* N. Du Ham. 

4. Olivier a petit Fruit rond, N. Du Ham. 

5. Olivier de Salon, N. Du Ham. 

6. Olivier amygdalin. 

OVea MMariefHMi 

7. Olive Picholine. 

O'fca oMnga N. Du Ham. 

Pignola, Ital. 

O. excelsa ^1. 1 1 | - 1208 

O. americana L. * | | flg- 1034. 1208 

O. fragrans Thunb. | 1 - fig. 1035. 1208 

O. cape-mis L.*t\ | - - la08 

O. bujcifdlia Mill. 

Sect. II. Srm'NGEsE. et - 1198. 1208 

IV. SYRI'NGA L. fife - 1198. 1208 

THE LILAC. 

Lilac Tourn. 
Lilas, Fr. 
Flicder, Ger. 

1. vulgaris L. * Persia fig. 1036. 1209 

The common Lilac. 

Lilac vulguris Gaertn. 
Pipe Privet, Pipe Tree. 
Lilas commun, Fx. 
Gemeiner Flieder, Ger. 

Varieties & - - 1209 

1 crerulea Clus. & 
The common bluelL,ilac. 

2 ciolacea Curt. 3fe 

The common purple Lilac. 
Scotch Lilac. 

3 alba at 

The common white Lilac. 

4 alba major Lodd. Cat. & 

5 alba plena ft 

S.ptena Lodd. Cat. 

6 rubra Lodd. Cat. St 

7 rubra major Lodd. Sfc 
Other Varieties. 

2. JosikaeV* Jacq. ffi Transylvania 

fig. 1037, 1038. 1201 
Josika's Lilac. 

3. persica L. ft Persia fig. 1039. 1211 

The Persian Lilac. 

Lilac minor Mcench. 
Lilac persica Lam. 
Lilas de Perse, Fr. 

Varieties & - - - 1211 

2 alba Lodd. Cat. ft 
The white Persian Lilac. 

3 laciniata Lodd. Cat. ft fig. 1040. 
The cut-leaved Persian Lilac. 

S. capittita Gmel. 

Lilas a Feuillcs de Persil, Fr. 

4 salvifolia Lodd. Cat. ft 

4. rothomagensis Renault, ft Rouen 

fig. 1041. 1212 

The Rouen Lilac. 
S. dubia Pers. 

Lilaceum rothomagense Renault. 
S. media Dum. Cours. 
Lilas Varin, N. Du Ham. 
S. chintnsis Willd. 
S. sibirica Hort. 
The Siberian Lilac, Hort. 



CONTENTS. 



XCV11 



Varieties a - - - 121? 

2 Lilas Royal, lion. Jard. dk 

3 saugeana Hort. SI 

Lilas saitgt', Fr. 

? S. coccinea Lodd. Cat. 

S. chint'nsis riibra Lodd. Cat. 

i. Species of Syringa not yet intro- 
duced. - - 1212 

Em6di Wall. fie. 10-12. 
*'. vil!6sa r.ihl. 

? Liguttmm tinifiui Lour. 

V. FONTANE V S/^ Labill. a * 

THE FONTANESIA. 1198.1213 

1. johillyreoides Labill. st .t Syria 

fig. 1034. 1213 

The Phillyrea-like Fontanesia. 

ForsythiVj suspensa Vahl. - . . \1\3 

Syringa tutptfrna Thunb. 
Lilac perptnte Lam. 

Sect. III. FRAXINIE\E. 1 3fc 1198. 1213 

VI. .FRA'XINUS Town. * A 1198. 1213 
THE ASH. 

Frene, Fr. 
Esche, Ger. 

A. Leaflets broad, smooth or shining on the upper 
Surface. Natives of Europe. 

I. excelsior L. Europe 

pi. 200, 201, 202. fig. 1044. 1215 

The taller, or common, Ash. 
F. apetala Lam. 
F. rostrdta Guss. 
F. O'rnus Scop. 
F. erdsa Pers. 
F. crispa Bosc. 
Le Frlne, Fr. 

Aesche, Esche, Ger. and Dutch. 
Ask, Dan. and Swed. 
Frassino, Ital. , 
Fresno, Span. 
Freixo, Port. 
Jas, Jasen, Jassen, Russ. 
JEse, Sax. 

Varieties 3f - - - 1214 

2 pendula ^zV. pi. 203. 
The pendulous, or weeping, Ash. 

pendula var. i 
7%e Cowpen Ash. 

3 Kincairnia? 
The Kincairney Ash. 

4 aurea Willd. 

The golden -barked Ash. 
F. aiir^rt Pers. 

5 aurea pendula 3f 

6 crispa 

F. crispa Bosc. 
F. atrov\rens Desf. 

7 jaspidea FTtUtf. 
The striped-barked Ash. 

8 purpurascens Descemet. *t 
The purple-barked Ash. 

9 argentea Z)es/ 3t 

The silver-striped-leaved Ash. 

10 lutea 

The yellow -edge-leafleted Ash. 

11 erdsa Pers. I 

12 horizontalis Desf. $ 
The horizontal-ftrawcAcd Ash. 

13 verrucosa Desf. 5f 
The warted-6ar*/ Ash. 



1 4 verrucosa pe*ridula 4 

15 nana ZocW. Ca<. 
The dwarf Ash. 

F. e. liiuinlis Hort. 

16 fungosa Lodd. Cat. *t 
The fungous-barked Ash. 

17 verticillata 



Page 



18 villosa nova Descemet. 
Other Varieties. 

2. (e.) heterophj>lla Vahl. Europe 

pi. 204. 1228 

The various-leaved Ash. 

F. simplictfdlia Willd. and Hort. 

F. monophylla Desf. 

F. e. ft diverstfblia Ait. 

F. e. var. i Lam. 

F. e. ft heterophylla Dec. 

F. integrtfolia and diver stfblia Hort. 

Variety - - - 1229 

2 variegata fig. 1051. 

3. (e.) angustifolia J?ffz^. $ Eur. 1229 

The narrow-leaved Ash. 
Other Sorts of thecommonEuropeanAsh!229 

B. Leaflets small, smooth or shining above. Natives 

of the South of Europe, the North of Africa, or 
the West of Asia. 

4. (e.) parvifolia Willd. *t South of 

Europe, North of Africa, West of 
Asia pi. 205. fig. 1052. 1229 
The small-leaved Ash. 

5. (e.p.) argentea Lois. * South of 

Europe, North of Africa, and West 
of Asia - . 1230 

The silvery-leaved Ash. 

6. (e.p.) oxycarpa Willd. * South of 

Europe, North of Africa, and West 
of Asia - - fig. 1053. 1230 

The sharp-fruited Ash. 
F. oxyphylla Bieb. 
F. O'rnus Pall. 

7. (e.) pallida Bosc. South of Europe, 

N. of Africa, and W. of Asia 1230 

The pale-barked Ash. 

8. /entiscifolia Desf. 3f South of Europe, 

North of Africa, and West of Asia 
pi. 206. fig. 1054. 1231 
The Lentiscus-leaved Ash. 
F. tamarisctfblia Vahl. 
F. parvifdlia Lam. 
F. aleppe'nsis Pluk. 

Variety - - 1231 

2 pendula 

C, Leaves and Leaflets large, glaucous and downy 

beneath. Natives exclusively of North America. 

9. americana Willd. Z North America 

pi. 207. fig. 1055. 1232 

The American Ash. 

F. acumindta Lam. 

F. discolor Muhl. 

White Ash, Green Ash, Amer. 

Pariety i - - - 1232 
2 latifolia 

1 



XCV111 



CONTENTS. 



10. (a.) pubescens Walt. N. Americl 

fig. 1056. 1232, 1233 

The downy Ash. 

F. nigra Du Roi. 

F. foment osa Michx. 

Red Ash, Black Ash, Amer. 

Varieties - - - 1233 

2 longifolia Willd. % 

F. pennst/lvdnica Marsh. 

3 latifolia Willd, 

4 subpubescens Pers. t 

? F. subvilldsa Bosc. 

11. (a.) sambucifolia Vahl. * N. America 

fig. 1057, 1058. 1234 
The Elder-leaved Ash. 
F. ntgra Mcench. 
F. crispa Hort. 
Black Ash, Water Ash, Amer. 

Variety $ - 1234 

2 crispa Lodd. Cat. 

12. (a.) quadrangulata Michx. 3f North 

America - fig. 1059, 1060. 1235 

The quadrangular-branched Ash. 
F. tetragdna Cels. 
F. quadrangularis Lodd. Cat. 
Blue Ash, Amer. 

Variety % - 1235 

2 nervosa Lodd. Catt. 

13. (a.) t /uglandif61ia Lam. t N.America 

pi. 208. f. 1061, 1062. 1232. 1236 
The Walnut-leaved Ash. 
F. viridis Michx. 
F. c6ncolor Miihl. 
The green Ash, Amer. 
Western black Ash, Pursh. 

Variety 3f - 1236 

2 subintegerrima Vahl. *E 

F. \uelandifolia B subserrdla 

Willd. 

F. caroliniana Wangenh. 
F. Nbvce-A'nglite and F. caroli- 
nidna Mill. Diet. 

N. America 
1232. 1237 



. (a.) caroliniana Lam. 



The Carolina Ash. 

F. excelsior Walt. 
F. serratifblia Michx. 
F. lanceoldta Borkh. 

15. (a.) epiptera Vahl. *t N. America 

pi. 209. fig. 1232. 1237. 
The wing-topped-*raferf, or two-coloured, Ash. 
F. canadensis Gaertn.J 
F. Idncea Bosc. 

16. (a.) platycarpa Vahl. N. America 

fig. 1063, 1064. 1238 
The broad-fruited Ash. 
F. caroliniana Catesb. 
The Carolina Ash, Araer. 

17. (a.) expansa Willd. N. Am. 1238 

The expanded Ash. 

F. aroliniuna Hort. Worlitz. 

18. (a.) mixta Bosc. *t N. America 1238 

The mixed Ash. 

19. (a.) pulverulenta Bosc. N. Am. 1238 

The powdery Ash. 

20. (a. ) rubicunda Bosc. *t N. Amer. 1239 

The reddish-wined Ash. 

21. (a.) longifolia Bosc, N. Amer. 1239 

The lon^-lcaved Ash. 



22. (a.) viridis osc. 

The green Ash. 



N. Amer. 1239 



23. (a.) cinerea Bosc. N. America 1239 

The grey Ash. 

24. (a.) alba Bosc. 3! N.America 1239 

The white Ash. 

? F. carolinitina dlba, 

? F. ameriaina dlba var., 

? F. am. dlba aff'tnit Hort. Soc. Gard. 

25. (a.) Richardz Bosc. * N. Am. 1239 

Richard's Ash. 

26. (a.) ovata Bosc. If N. America 1239 

The ovate-taz0ed! Ash. 

27. (a.) nigra Bosc. N. America 1239 

The black Ash. 

28. (a.) ellfptica Bosc. N. Amer. 1240 

The elliptic-leaved Ash. 

29. (a.) fusca Bosc. N. America 1240 

The brown-branched Ash. 



30. (a. ) rufa Bosc. 

The rufous-Aatred Ash. 



North America 1240 



31. (a.) pannosa Vent, et Bosc. *i North 

America - - pi. 210. 1240 
The cloth-like-leaved Ash. 

32. BOSCM G. Don. N. America 1240 

Bosc's Ash. 

F. ndna Bosc, not of Willd. 

33. (a.) polemoniifolia Poir. at North 

America - 1240 

The Greek- Valerian-leaved Ash. 
F. ndna Desf. 
F. ndna (appendfctUdta) Pers. 

34. (a. ) triptera Nutt. *t N. Amer. 1240 

The three-winged-/rui<e<i Ash. 

35. chinensis Roxb. *t N. America 1240 

The China Ash. 

36. Schiedea/wz Schlecht. 5f N. Amer. 1241 

Schiede's Ash. 

Fagara dubia Roem. et Schult. 

VII. O'RNUS Pers. * 1 198. 1241 

THE FLOWERING ASH. 

Frdxinits sp. of the older authors. 
Li' Frene a Fleurs, Fr. 
Die blUhende Esche, Ger. 
Oren, Hebrew. 
Oreine Melia, Greek. 

1. eiiropae^a Pers. % South of Europe 
pi. 2 11, 212. 1241 

The European Flowering, or Manna, Ash. 
F. O'rnus L. 

F. O'rnus and F. paniculuta Mill. Diet. 
Y.florifera Scop. 
F botryoides Mor. 
F. vulgatior Segn. 

Varieties - - - 1241 
rotundifolia. 

O. rotundifolia. 
americana. 

O. americana. 
globifera Lodd. 

. (e.) rotundifolia Pers. ^ Calabria 
fig. 1069. 1244 
The round-leafleted Flowering Ash. 
Yrdxinus rotundtfdlia Ait. 
F. manniftra Hort. 



CONTENTS. 



XC1X 



Page 

(e.) americana Pursh. If. N. Americ 
fig. 1070. 1244 

The American Flowering Ash. 
? F. americana L. 
F. O'rnus amcriciina Lodd. 

k floribunda G.Don. % Nepal 

fig. 1072. 1245 

The abundant-flowered Flowering Ash. 
Frdxinus florib&nda D. Don. 

5. striata Swt. 1246 

The striped-barked Flowering A.sh. 
Frdxiiuu striata Base. 

App. i. Hardy Species of O'rnus not ye 
introduced. - - 1246 

O. xanthoxyliihles G. Don 

Frttzinut xanihoxy 
O. Moorcrofti/ina G. Don. 

Frdxinus Jfoorcni/Mana Walt. 
O. urophyila G. Don. 

Frdxinta urophfjllo Wall. 

App. ii. Alphabetical List of the Sorts of 
Frdxinus and O'rnus in the Arboretum of 
Messrs. Loddiges, and in the Horticultural 
Society's Garden, with their Names referred 
to the different Species to which they are 
presumed to belong. ... 1246 

App. iii. List of the Sorts of Frdxinus ana 
O'rnus in the Arboretum of Messrs. Loddiges, 
and in the Chiswick Garden, arranged al- 
phabetically under the different Species to 
which they are presumed to belong. - 1 247 



JasmindcecB. 



1248 



I. JASMFNUM Forskoel. & * i_l 
*_l 1 ft. ft.t_l - -1248 

THE JASMINE. 

Mongbrium Lam. 
Jessamine. 

Jasmin, Fr. and Ger. 
Schasmin, Ger. 
Gelsomine, Ital. 
Jaxmin, Span. 

1. friiticans L. & South of Europe and 

the Levant - - fig. 1073. 1248 

The sprig-producing, or shrubby, Jasmine. 
J. heterophijllum Mcench. 

Variety - - 1248 

fl. semi-pleno. 

2. hiimile L. a Madeira fig. 1074. 1249 

The humble, or Italian yellow, Jasmine. 

3. heterophyllum Roxb. t-J Nepal 

fig. 1075. 1249 

The various-leaved Jasmine. 

J. arbdreum Hamilt. MSS. 
Goojee, Javana, in Nepal. 

4. revolutum Ker. * I Hindostan and 

Nepal - - - fig. 1076. 1249 

The revolute-^ot/wrd Jasmine. 
J. chrysanthemum Koxb. 
The 2ftpal JftttotP Jasmine. 

5. (r.) pubigerum D. Don. * I Nepal 

fig. 1077. 1250 

The downy Nepal Jasmine. 

J. ;>a///cAianum Lindl. 
Climali.swa, Nepalese. 



6. officinale L. -A - Asia fig. 1078. 1250 

The officinal, or common, Jasmine. 

Varieties .A A. - - 1250 

2 foliis argenteis Lodd. Catt. L 

3 foliis aiireis Lodd. Catt. ^ L 

4 floribus plenis Hort. _t i. 

App. i. Hardy Species of Jasminum not yet 
introduced. - - 1253 

J. aureum D. Don. Nepal. 

J. nerv6sum Lour. Cochin-China 

App. ii. Half-hardy Species of Jasminum. 

1254 

J. odoraMssimum L. ft_ i | Madeira. 

The Jarmine of Goa. 

J. Klaftcum Vahl. * | | Cape of Good Hope. 

J. aziSricum Void. fl_ | | Azores and Madeira. 



Apocyndcece. L_J fl. *t 1254 
I. TFNCA L. ^ - - 1254 

THE PERIWINKLE. 

Pervlnca Tourn. 
La Pervenche, Fr. 
Sunngrun, Ger. 

1. major L.s* Britain f. 1082, 1083. 1254 

The greater Periwinkle. 
Vinca mtdia Delile. 
Yervinca major Scop. 

Variety^ - - - 1254 
2 variegata Hort. Sw 

2. minor L. ^ Europe fig. 1084. 1256 

The less Periwinkle. 

Pervlnca minor Scop. 
Pervtnca vulgaris Park. 
Clematis Anphn'dldes Dodon. 

Varieties ^ - - - 1256 

2 foliis arg6nteis Lodd. Cat. ^ 

3 foliis aureis Lodd. Cat. ^ 

4 flore albo Lodd. Cat. jft, 

5 flore pleno Lodd. Cat. ^ 

6 flore puniceo Lodd. Cat. fc, 

App. I. Half-hardy ligneous Plants belonging 
to the Order Apocyndcece. - 1256 
Gelsemium nitidum Michx. ft. N. America 

fig. 1085. 

Bigndnia scmpervirens L. 
Cerium Oleander L. * ( 1 S. of France & Spain f. 1086. 145 



Asclepiadacese. 



i.i_j 1257 
- - 1257 



1. PERrPLOCA L. 

THE PERIPLOCA. 

Periploca, Fr. 
Schlinge, Ger, 

. grae^ca L. -1 South of France and of 
Bithynia - fig. 1087, 1088. 1257 

The Greek Periploca. 

P. maculala Mcench. 

2. angustifolia Labill. _J Tunis f. 1089. 1258 



The narrow-lraveil Periplroa 
P. rtirfrfa Vir. 



1 2 



CONTENTS. 



P. laevlgata AH. fc_ | | Canary Ulands 

P. \nmicafMa Cav. 

Half-hardy Species of Perfploca. 



Page 
- 1258 

- 1258 

1258 
_J 
I. BIGNO V KL4 Tourn. 1 - 1258 

THB TRUMPET FLOWER. 

Bigndnia sp. L. and others. 
Bignone, Fr. 
Trompetenblume, Ger. 

I. capreolata L. 1 N.Am. f. 1090. 1259 

The tendriled Bignonia. 

II. TE'COMA Juss. 1 -i LJ - D 

ILi_J A. I - - 1258, 1259 

THE TECOMA. 

Bigndnia sp. L. and others. 

1. radicans Juss. 1 Carolina f. 1091. 1259 

The rooting-brancked Tecoma. 
Bigndnia radicans L. 
Bignonia radicans major Hort. 
Gelsdmium Clematis Barrel. 
Bigndnia traxinifdlia Catesb. 
Jasmin de Virgtnie, Fr. 
Wuneln Bignonia, Ger. 
Esschenbl'dttrige Bignonia, Dutch. 

Variety 1 - - - 1259 
2 major Hort. _& 

2. grandiflora Swt. -A J China and Japan 

fig. 1092. 1260 
The great-flowered Tecoma. 

Bigndnia. grandiflbra Thunb. 
Bigndnia. chin^nsis Lam. 
Bjotsjo Kaempf. 

Incarvillea. grandfflbra Spreng. 
Tung-von-fa, Chinese. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of Bignonia and 
Tecoma. - - 1261 

Blgabnia cruclgera Plum. t_ tZD Virginia. 

Ttcoma austrMis R. Br. ft. l_J New Holland, fig. 1093. 

lliifiibnti Pandorte Vent. 
T. capdnsis Lindl. g I Cape of Good Hope. fig. 1094. 

Biffntmia eapfntii Thunb. 



III. CATA'LPA Juss. * - 1258. 1261 
THE CATALPA. 

Bigndnia. sp. of L. and others. 

Bignone Catalpa, Fr. 

Genuine Trompetenblume, Ger. 

J. syring&folia Sims. * North America 
pi. 213, 214. 1261 

The Lilac-like leaved Catalpa. 
Biffnonia. Catalpa Lin. 
Catalpa bignmioides Walt. 
C. cordifulia Nut. 
Bois Shavanon, Catalpa de I'AmMquc, 

Fr. 

Trompeten-baum, Ger. 
Calalpa-boom, Dutch. 

App. I. Of the half-hardy ligneous Plants of 
the Order Signoniacese. - 1263 

Eccremociirpus longiflorus Humb. fl_ | 1 Peru. fig. 1095. 

E. Tfriclis R. et P. Peru. 

CalampelU scabra D. Don. fl | figg. 1006, 1097. 

Eccrtmoedrput icaber R. et P. 



Coboeacese. L. 

Coboe^a scdndens Cav. fi. 'A) flg. 1098. 



Convolvulacece. 



Convolvulus Dor^cnium L. & Levant, fig. 1100. 
C. Cneorum L. tt- 1 _ | Spain, &c. fig. 1099. 
C. coparius L. J~ ( _ | Canaries. 
C. floridus L. X~ | _ | Canaries. 



TSoragindcece. 



1264 



1364 



1265 



iithosp^rmuro frutic6sum L. J* S. of Europe. 
L. fruticosum maius i*Am. Naples, fig. 1101. 

L. TOfmarinifMum Tenore. 
L. prostratum Low. Its. France. 

^chium giganteum L. * | | Canaries. 

E. candicans L. it \ | Madeira, fig. 1 102. 

Heliotrdpium peruvi^num L. !t~ I I Peru. 

a. p. hybridum tt- 1 1 Hybrid. 

H. corj-mb6sum R. et P. *~ | 1 Peru. 



Cordiaceas. *l=3 



1265 



Ehrt-tia serrata Roxb. * f 1 E. Indies and China, fig. 1105. 



Solandcece. 



1266 



- 1266 



I. <SOL A^NUM P/iny. * a 
1 I__J - - - 
THE NIGHTSHADE. 

Melongena Tourn. 
PseMo-Cupsicum Mcench. 
Nycttrium Vent. 
Aqudrtia. Jocq. 
Morelle, Fr. 
Nachtschatten, Ger. 

1. Dulcamara L. 1 Britain f. 1 104. 1266 

The Bitter-sweet, or woody, Nightshade. 
S. scdndens Neck. 
Dulcamara flexubsa Moench. 
S. scdndens seu Dulcamara Tourn. 
Amdra dulcis Gerard. 
Dtilcis Amara Trag. 
Glycijpicros seu Dulcamara Bauh. 
La Morelle grimpante Renault. 

Varieties 1 - - 

1 wolacea Hort. .i 

2 alba L. 

3 carnea Cels. J 

4 plena Tourn. _R 

5 variegata Munt. .i 

6 hirsuta Don's Mill. 

7 rupstris Schmidt. 1 

Barbaryl267 



1267 



suffruticosum Schousb. 

The suffruticose Nighuhade. 



3. crispum R. fr S. 

The curled-teawd Solanum 



fl_ J Chiloe 
fig. 1105. 1267. 



4. bonariense L. * i I Buenos Ayres 
fig. 1106. 1268 

The Buenos Ayres Nightshade. 



CONTENTS. 



Cl 



Page 



pp. i. Half-hardy ligneous or fruticose Spe- 



cies of Solan urn. 



1268 



Solanum Balbisit Dunal. * | _ | S. America. 

S. fcetaceum Cat). *CII S.America. 

S. angulatum R. et S. * CD Lima. 

S. marginatum W. * \ _ | Africa. 

S. Pseudo-Capsicum L. * I _ I Madeira. 

Cdpticum Ami,mum Plinii Gerard. 
S. sodomeum L. * I _ I Africa. 
S. /igiistrinum Lodd. _ | Chili, fig. 1107. 

' 



LI. LY'CIUM i. .1 Jt 

TUB Box THORN. 

Jasminoides Niss. 
Matrimony Vine, Amer. 
Lycien, Fr. 
Bocksdorn, Get. 



1266. 1269 



1. europae v um L. 1 South of Europe 

fig. 1108. 1269. 

The European Box Thorn. 
L. saltctfolium Mill. 
Jasminoides aculedtum Michx. 

Varieties J, - - 1 270 

Fruit yellow 1 
Fruit roundish A 

2. (e.) barbarum L. 1 S. of Europe, &c. 

The Barbary Box Thorn. 
L. halimifolium Mill. 
L. bdrbarum at, vulsdre Ait. 
The Duke of ArgyWs Tea Tree. 

3. (e.) chinense Mill. -* 1 China 

fig. 1110, 1111. 1271 

The Chinese Box Thorn. 

L. bdrbarum /3 chinense Ait. 

L. bdrbarum Lour. 

L. ovdtum N. Du Ham. 

4. (e.) TrewzflnwmG.Don.l China 1271 

Trew's Box Thorn. 

L. bdrbarum Lam. 

L. chinense N. Du Ham. 

5. (e.) ruthenicum Murr. 1 Siberia 

fig. 1112. 1271 
The Russian Box Thorn. 
L. taturicvm Pall. 
Lycien de la Russie, Fr. 

Variety A - 1272 

2 caspicum Pall. 

6. (e.) lanceolatum Poir. 1 S. Europe 1272 

The lanceolate-fcamf Box Thorn. 
L. europa^um & Dec. 

7. (e.) turbinatum Du Ham. JL China 

fig. 1115. 1272 

The turbinate-/h/i^e<f Box Thorn. 
L. halimif,,lium Mill. 
L. bdrbarum ft Dec. 

8. (?e.) tetrandrum Thunb. A Cape of 

Good Hope - - 1272 

The tetrandrous-JJowered Box Thorn. 

9. (?e.) Shawz Rcem. 1 Barbary - 1273 

Shaw's Box Thorn. 

L. europium Mill. 

10. afrumL. -a Spain f. 1114, 1115. 1273 

The African Box Thorn. 



III. CRABO'WSK/,* Schlecht. 1 

1266. 
THE CRABOWSKIA. 

Lycium sp.~L. 
Ehritia sp. L'Hcrit. 



1273 



1. boerhaavfcp/o/z Schlecht. -1 J Sbutfi 
of Brazil - fig. 1116. 1274 

The Boerhaavia-leaved Crabowskia. 
\jycium doerhaavlxfbMum L,. 
Ehret\<\ \\alimifolia L'Herit. 
~L//cium heterophyllum Murr. 
Jasminoides spindsum Du Ham. 
Lycium panicule, Fr. 

App. I. Half-hardy ligneous Plants belonging 
to the Order Solanacece. - 1274 

Nicotidna glauca Grah. 3fe | Buenos Ayres. fig. 1 118. 

Brugm^nsj'd sanguinea ft. et P. J I I fig. 1117. 
B. tricolor Pers. 

B. suaveolens Willd. t [ 1 Peru. fig. 1120. 

Datura arMrea Hort. 

SoUndra grandif!6ra L. ft. CD Jamaica. 
Centrum riocturnum L. * ED E. Indies, fig. 1119. 

C. Pdrqui L. *CD Chili, fig. 1122. 

V&tta fyciSldes Willd. & l_J Chili, fig. 11 21. 
Cantua liguttrtfblia Juss. 



Scrophularidcece. 1276 



a 



1276 



I. BITDDL^M L. 

THE BUDDLEA. 



1. globosa ^. Chili f. 1123, 1124. 1276 

The globe-flowered Buddlea. 

B. globiflbra N. Du Ham. 
B. capitdta Jacq. 
Palquin Feutllee It. 
Buddleia globuleux, Fr. 
Kopftragende Budleje, Ger. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of Buddie*. 1277 

B. alvif61ia Lam. H CD C. G. H. 

Lantttna salvif<>lia L. 
B. paniculata '. * CD Nepal. 
B. *aligna Willd. * I | C. G. H. 

B. crispa Royle. Himalayas. 

App. I. Half-hardy ligneous Plants of the 
Order Scrophulariacece. - 1277 

Hallerta lucida L. *1 | C. G. H. fig. 1125. 

Maurandyo semperfl6rens Jacq. %_ \ | Mexico. 

M. BarclayAna Bot. Reg. fc_ i I Mexico. 

Mmulus glutin6sus Willd. * ( 1 California. 

Anthoce-rcis visc6sa ft. flr. 1 | New Holland. 

Calceolaria integrifblia I,, tt. | Chili. 

C. rugdsa Fl. Per. tt. | Chili. 

C. sessilis Hort. tt. | figs. 1127, 1128. 

Veronica decussata Ait. tt. | Falkland Islands, figs. 1129,1150. 

Celsta lanata Jaty. tt. | fig. 1226. 

Capraria lanceolata L. * | | C. G. H. 

FraKnia. sn/icvft/ia Bot. Mag. 
Alonsoa H. et P. 
Angdbnia H. B. et Kunth. 
Lophosp^rmum Don. 
RhodochUon Zuce. 
Nycterlaia D. Don. 



Labidcece. 

I J*tttLi _ I tt. _ | 



1278 



Satureja montanaL. L South of Europe 
fig. 1131. 1278 

S. capitata Willd. - Levant - 1278 

TTiymus vulgaris L. - South of Europe 
fig. 1132. 1278 

T. Mastichina L. . I Spain 1278 

T. grandjfldrus Hort. 



Cll 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

Jfyssopus offieinalis L. n. S. of Europe 
fig. 1133. 1278 

Teucrium angustifolium Schreb. - Spain 

1279 
T. fruticans I/. * ' Spain 

fig. 1135, 1136. 1279 

T Marum L. - ' South of Europe 

fig. 1 134. 1279 

T. flavum L. J South of Europe 1279 
T. Polium L. -! S. of Europe 1279 
T. corymbosum R. Br. I Van Die- 
men's Land - - 1279 
Phl6misfruticosa. Spain f. 1137. 1279 
P. purpurea Sm. South of Europe 
fig. 1138. 1279 

JRosmarinus officinalis L. * South of 

Europe - - fig. 1139. 1279 

Stachys fruticulosa Bieb. - Caucasus 1281 

S. stenophylla Spr. . Spain - 1281 

S. palestina L. . Syria - - 1281 

S. lavandulaefolia Pers. *- Levant 1281 

Lavandula Spica L. - South of Europe 

fig. 1140. 1281 

L. latifolia Ehrh. - S. of Europe 1281 

.d'cynos graveolens Link. - Crimea 1282 

A. rotundifolia Pers. *- Spain - 1282 

Gardoquia Hookeri Benth. ?n. I South 

Carolina - - - 1282 

Westrfngwz rosmariniformis Sm. *' I New 

South Wales - - - - 1282 

tfalvia officinalis L. - South of Europe 

fig. 1141. 1282 

var. Leaves variegated n. 

Whole plant of a reddish hue . 
Leaves larger than those of the 
species L fig. 1142 

S. Hablitzwwfl L. -** Siberia f. 1 143. 1283 
.S. pomifera L. . Candia fig. 1144. 1283 

S. cretica frutescens pomifera Tourn. 

Audibe'rtia incana Benth. - Colombia 

fig. 1145. 1283 

App. I. Half-hardy ligneous or suffruticnxe 
Species of Labidcea, - 1 283 

Lavandula SteeVhas L. - | S. of Europe, fig. 1 149. 

L. denUUa L. - | Spain, fig. 1146. 

L. pinnata Bot. Mag. - | Madeira, fig. 1147. 

L. vfridis L'Htrti. tt- | Madeira. 

Plectranthus rrutic6sus L'Htrit. -| 1 C. G. H. fig. 1148. 

^iderttis candicans Ait. * | Mad;ira. 

Leon6tis Leonirus R. Br. * | C. G. H. 

PUimi* Leonurui L. 

Sphicele campanulata Benth. *- \ | Chili, fig. 1151. 

8. Lindleyi Benth. Valparaiso. 

Dracoc^phalum canari^nse Com. tL \ \ Canaries. 

Salvia gpUndens Ker. S. America. 

S. form&sa Willd. * | | S. America. 

S. fVilgens Cav. S. America. 

S. Grahami Benth. il | 1 S. America, fig. 1151. 

S. chamsedryendes Cav. tL lAI Mexico. 

8. anreaL. -| \ C. G. H. 

rtAsium majus L. - | Spain. 

Prostanthera lasiinthos Lot. ft ( | N. S. M'ales. 

Other half-hardy Specie*. 



Verbendcece. 



L. & * L_J 

THE CHASTE TREE. 

Gat/Her, Fr. 
Kenschbaum, Ger. 



Page 

1285 



- 1285 



1. y4'gnuscastus L. * Sicily f. 1 152. 1285 

The officinal, or true, Chaste Tree. 
Eledgnum Thcophrdstl Lob. 
A' gnus cdstus Blackw. 
Arbreau Poivre, Poivre sauvage, Fr. 

Variety -.'-. 1286 
2 latifolia MilL & South of France 
and Italy. 



App. i. Half-hardy Species of \itex. 1286 

Chins 
Mag. 



V. inclsa Lam. SI I I China. 
V. Neetiiulo Bot. 



App. I. Half-hardy Plants of the Order 
VerbendcecB. - - 1286 

Clerodendrum inerme R. Br. * I I E. Indies, fig. 1153. 
VulkamMa intrmii L. 

C. speciosissimum Poxton ? * | 1 ? Japan. 

Durinw cjanea Hort. * | | S. America. 

AloyszVz citriodora Or. at | Chili 

fig. 1154. 1286 

Verbtna triphijlla L'Herit. 
Lippia citrioddra Kunth. 



Myoporince. 



1287 



Mydporum parviftlium R. Br. * | 1 New Holland. 

M. oppositifblium R. Br. * | | New Holland. 

M. diffusum R. Br. *| | New Holland. 

M. adscendens . Br. | | New Holland. 



Globular iacece. -i_J 1287 

Globularia longifolia L. *- \_\ Madeira 

fig. 1155. 1287 

G. salicina Lam. 

G. Alypum L. -t_J S. of Europe 1287 
var. integrifolium a. I I 

Plumbagindcece. 1287 



Stittice monopetala L. tt- 1 ) Sicily. 

S. suffrutic6sa L. . | Siberia. 

Plumbago capensis Thunb. tt. i | Cape of Good Hope. 



Chenopodidcece. 



j* tt. H_J 

I. CHENOPO'DIUM L. 

THE GOOSEFOOT. 

Salxdla Sp. 
Anserine, Fr. 
Gattsc Fust, Gcr. 



1 28 7 
1288 



CONTENTS. 



cm 



Page 

1. fruticosum Schrad. England 

fig. 1156, 1157. 1288 
The shrubby Goosefoot, or Stonccrop Tree. 
Salsdlafruticbsa L. 
The shrubby Glasswort. 
Soude en Arbre, Fr. 
Strauchartiges Salzkraut, Ger. 

2. parvifolium R. et S. a. Caucasus 1289 

The small-leaved Goosefoot. 

C.fru/ic.tiim Hi.-l>. Fl. Taur. 

C. micruiiht/llum Hieb. Supp. to Fl. Taur. 

.Sj/*<./.</ri</iY<>.s<j Itteb. Casp. 

Suaeda micnyhtfla Pall. 

3. horte"nse R. et S. a. S. of Europe 1289 

The Garden Goosefoot. 

Siwilii hi,rifiisi Forsk. 
SuUola Jivtfrgeiu Poir. 



II. ^'TRIPLEX L. 

THB ORACHE. 



ju 1288, 1289 



1. JYalimus L. m Spain fig. 1158. 1289 

The Halimus Orache, or Tree Purslane. 

Halimus latifblius sive fruticbsus Bauh. 

Halimus i. Clus. 

The broad-leaved Sea Purslane Tree. 

Arroche, Fr. 

Strauchartige Melde, Ger. 

2. joortulacoides L. )U Britain f. 1 159. 1290 

The Purslane-like, or shrubby, Orache, or Sea 
Purslane. 

Halimus secundus Clus. 

Halimus vulgdris Ger. Emac. 

Halimus seu Portulaca marina Bauh. 

A. mariti'ma. 

Halimus et Portuldca marina dicta angus- 

tifblia Ray. 
The narrow-leaved Sea Purslane Tree. 

III. DIOTIS Schreb. * 1288. 1290 

THE DIOTIS. 

Ceratd\de$ Tourn. 
A'xyris L. 
Ceratospermum Per 8. 

1. Ceratoides W. * Siberia f. 1160. 1291 

The two-horned-calyxed Diotis. 
A'xyris Ceratoides L. 
Ceratospermum pappbsum Pers. 
A'xyrisfruticbsa, floribus fccmlneis lanatis 

Gmel. 

Achyrdnthes pappbsa Forsk. 
Krascheninnikdvia. GuiUlenst. 
Vrt}cafbliis lanceolatis, fceminlnishirsiitis, 

Roy. 
Ceratoides oriental's fruticbsa eheagni 

folio Tourn. 
Orientalisches Doppetohr, Ger. 

A pp. I. Half-hardy Species of Chenopodiuceae. 

1291 

Anabasis famariscifolia L. - 1 | Spain. 

A. aphyila L. . | | Asia Minor. 

Nnlm'ila articuliita Forst. 
Kochia prostrata Sc/ir. J[ 1 | South of Europe. 

Saltola prottrata I,. 

Bo&en YervamAra L. 41 ( | Canaries. 

Camphor<5sma monspeUaca Schk. - 1 | South of Europe. 

Other Genera belonging to Chenopodiacete. 



Potygondcece. 



I. TRAGOPY^RUM Bieb. 

THE GOAT WHEAT. 

Yolygonum L. 



1292 
1292 



Page 

1. lanceolatum Sieb.f^^ Siberia 

fig. 1161. 1292 

The lanceolate-feowd Goat Wheat. 
Poltfgorutmftritt&ceiu \Villd. 
Strauchartiger Knoterig, Ger. ~"*& 

2. Auxifolium Bieb. Jt Siberia f. 1 162. 1293 
The Box-leaved Goat Wheat. 

Poltfgonum crisputum var. et Sims. 
P. caucasicum Hofftn ansegg. 

3. polygamum Spr. j* Carolina f. 1163. 1293 

The polygamous-*? xed Goat Wheat. 
YtihJKonum MMfMHM Vent. 
P. pari'iJMum Nutt. 

T. pungens Bieb. 
T. glaucum Sjir. 
T. grandiflbrum Bieb. 

II. ^TRAPHA'XIS L. * 1292. 1294 

THE ATHAPHAXIS. 

1. spinosa L. j* Levant fig. 1164. 1294 

The spine-branched Atraphaxis. 

A' triplex orientdlis,frutex aculedtus, fibre 
pulchro Tourn. 

2. undulata L. j* Cape of Good Hope 1295 

The waved-fcaced Atraphaxis. 

III. CALLFGONUM L. tt 1292. 1295 

THB CALMGONVM. 

Pteroalcau Pall. 

1. Pallasia L'Herit & Caspian Sea 

figs. 1165, 1166. 1295 

Pallas's Calligonum. 

Pteroc6ccu> aphtfllus Pall. Voy. 
CalK&mum pal^tm-ndes Pall. Itin. 
Pallasia. cdspica L. 
Ptil/utia. PtfrocAccu* Pall. Fl. Ross. 
Caspitcher Hackenknopf. 

C. comdsum L'Hifrit. .... IZ96 
C. Panderi L'Herit. - . . . 1*96 

App. I. Half-hardy Species of Polygonucete- 

1296 

Brunnichfa cirrh6sa Geertn. ^ \ | Carolina. 

umex Lunaria i. *- 1 ) Canaries. <ig. 1167. 

Poljgonum adpressura R. Br. SL | 1 Vau Dieinen's Land. 



Laurdcece. t 
I. LAU X RUS Pirn. 



a 1296 



- - 1296 

THE LAUREL, or Bay, Tree. 

Sassafras and Benzoin, C. G. Von 

Esenbeck. 
Daphne, Greek. 

A. Plants evergreen ; hardy. 

. nobilisl,.*! S. Europe pi. 2 15. 1297 

The noble Laurel, or Sweet Bay. 
"Laurtts Camer. 
L. vulgaris Bauh. 
Laurier commun, Laurier franc, Laurier 

d'Apollon, Laurier a sauce, Fr. 
Gemcine Lorbeer, Ger. 

Varieties m . 1297 

2 undulata Mill, a 

3 salicifolia Swt. n 

L. n. angusttfblia Lodd. Cat 

4 variegata Swt. m. 

L. n.fbl. var. Lodd. Cat. 

5 latifolia Mill, m, 

6 crispa Lodd. Cat. m 

1 flore pleno N. du Ham. m 



CIV 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

B. Plants evergreen ; half-hardy. 
2. carolinensis Catesb. North America 
fig. 1168, 1169. 1299 
The Carolina Laurel, or Red Bay. 
L. Borbbnia L. sp. 
L. axillaris Lam. 
Borbbma sp. Plum. 
Persea Borbdnin Spreng. 
The broad-leaved Carolina Say. 
Laurier rouge, Laurfer Bourbon, Laurier 

de Caroline, Fr. 

Carolinischer Lorbeer, Rather Lorbeer, 
Ger. 



- 1 299 



Varieties 1 

2 glabra Pursh. i 

3 pubescens Pursh. f. 

4 obtusa Pursh. 1 

3. Catesbfana Michx. Georgia - 1300 

Catesby's Laurel. 

4. aggregata Sims, m China f. 1170. 1300 

The grouped -jlurvered Laurel. 

L. fastens Ait. 1 | _ | Madeira. - - - 1301 

L. madeirc'mis Lam. 

Y tinea fastens Spreng. 

L. ATyrrha Lour. China - - - 1301 

L. Indica L. 1 _ 1 India - 1301 

C. Leaves deciduous. 

5. Sassafras L. North America 

pi. 216, 217. 1301 

The Sassafras Laurel, or Sassafras Tree. 

Cornus mas odor<ita,folio trifido, margine 

piano. Sassafras dicta, Pluk. 
Sassafras arbor, ex Florida, ficulneo folio, 

Bauh. 

SSssafras sp. C. G. Nees Von Esenbeck. 
Yersea Sassafras Spreng, 
Laurier Sassafras, Fr. 
Sassafras Lorbeer, Ger. 

Varieties - - 1301 

The red 

L. subgenus Eudsmus Nutt. 

Sassafras L. 
The white ^ 

L. e. dlbida Nutt. 

6. Benzoin L. A Virginia f. 1171. 1303 
The Benzoin Laurel, or Benjamin Tree. 

Arbor virginiana citrece vel linioni folio, 
benzoinumfundens, Comm. 

~Latirus tsstivalis Wangh. 

Psehdo Benzoin Michx. 

Eudsmus Benzoin Nutt. 

Benzdin sp. C. G. Nees Von Esenbeck. 

Spice Bush, Spice Wood, Wild Allspice, 
Amer. 

Laurier faux Benzoin, Fr. 

Benzoin Lorbeer, Ger. 

7. (1?.) Diospyrus Pers. a Virginia 

fig. 1172. 1304 

The Diospyrus-like Laurel. 

L. Eudsmus Diospyrus Nutt. 
L. diospyroldes Michx. 
? L. melisscefblia Walter. 

8. (B.} aestivalis L. & Virginia 1304 

The summer Laurel, or Willow-leaved Bay. 
L. entrvia Mill. 
L. Euosmus testivalis Nutt. 
Pond Bush Amer. 
Sommer Lorbeer, Ger. 



9. geniculata Michx. 



Virginia 
fig. 1173. 



1305 



The knee-ftexed-brancfied Laurel. 
L. Euosmus seniculdta Nutt. 
L. trstivalis Willd. 



Page 
App. I. Half-hardy Spec ies ofLauracece. 1 305 

Cinnam6mum Cdmphora Swt. i C~l Japan, fig. 1174. 
The Camphor Tree. 

i-aurus Ctfmphora L. 

C. verum Stvt. { LD Ceylon, fig. 1175. 
\ t aurus Cinnamomitni L. 
iMtiriit Cdssia Bot. Mag. 
C. Cassia D. Don. J O Ceylon. 
The wild Cinnamon. 

Latirut Cdsria L. 

Latirus Cinnamomum Bot. Rep. 

Ptfrtea Cassia Spr. 
Other ligneous plants belonging to this order. 



Profeaceae. 



1306 



Banksfa Httoralis R. Br. *1 | New Holland. 

B. oblongif61ia Cav. $ | | New South Wales. 

Grevillea rosmarinifolia Cun. * | | N. South Wales, f. 1176. 

G. acuminata R. Dr. <l| | New South Wales, f. 1177, 1178. 

Hkkea aciculkris R. Br. * \ | New South Wales. 

H. suaveolens R. Br. * | | New Holland. 

H. pu{jionif<5rmis R. Br. *| | New South Wal. fig. 1179. 



Thymeldcece. - 1306 



1307 



I. Z)A'PHNE L. 

THE DAPHNE. 

Thymela*a Tourn. 

A. Leaves deciduous. 

1. Mezereum L. & N. of Eu. f. 1 180. 1307 
The Mezereon Daphne, or common Mezereon. 

Spurge Olive, Spurge Flax; Flowering 

Spurge, Parkinson. 
Dwarf Bay Gerard. 
Laureolefemelle, Bois gentil, Mdzdreon, 

Boisjoli, Fr. 

Gemeiner Seidelbast, Kellerbalz, Ger. 
Peperachtige Daphne, Dutch. 
Laureolafemina, Biondetta, Cornelia, Ital. 
Laureola hembra, Span. 

Varieties jtt - 1308 

2 flore albo as 

3 auturanale ^ 

2. altaica Pall. & Siberia fig. 1181. 1308 

The Altaic Daphne. 

Daphne alt'dique, LaurJole deTartarie, Fr. 
Sibirischer Seidelbast, Ger. 

3. alpina L. * Switzerland f. 1182. 1309 

The Alpine Daphne. 

The Alpine Chamelea, Marsh. 
Daphne des Alpes, Fr. 
Alpen Siedelbast, Ger. 

B. Erect. Leaves persistent. Flowers lateral. 

4. Laureola L. * Britain f. 1183. 1309 

The Laureola Daphne, or Spurge Laurel. 

Daphnoldes verum, vel Laureola, Gesn. 

Laurtola Ray. 

Thymelafa Laureola Scop. 

The Evergreen Daphne. 

Laureate mule, LaurJole des Anglais, Fr. 

Immergr finer Seidelbast, Ger. 

5. pontica L. * Asia Minor f. 1184. 1310 

The Pontic Daphne, or twin-flowered Spurge 
Laurel. 

Thymelafa pontica citreifoliis Tourn. 
Laur^ole du Levant, Fr. 
Pontischer Siedelbast, Ger. 

Varieties * - 1310 

2 rubra Hort. * 

3 foliis variegatis Lodd. Cat. * 



cv 



6. rhymel^a L. m Spain f. 1185. 13K 

The Thymelaea, or Milkwort-likc, Daphne. 

Thymelafafoliis pult/gaUr glabris Bauh. 
T. alp)na gliibra, JtOKtOit subluteis at 

foliornm ortnni scsailibus, Pluk. 
SanawuHda viridis velgldora Bauh. Prod. 
Sanamiinda glfibra Bauh. Hist. 
Passcrlnu 'Vhiimclte*a Dec. 
The Wild Olive. 
La Thymcli,', Fr. 
Astloser Seidelbast, Ger. 

7. Tdrton raira L. * South of France 

fig. 1186. 1311 

The Tarton-raira, or silvery-leaved, Daphne. 

Thymelafa fcliis candirantilnis ct scrici 

iiislar tnoliilnis Bauh. Pin. 
Tarton- Hair? Gallo-provinciee Monspeli- 

1'iixiitm Lob. 

Sanamiinda argentiita latifblia Barr. 
Passerina Tarton-Raira Schrad. 
The oval-lcared Daphne. 
Laureo/i' blanche, Fr. 
Silberblattriger Seidelbast, Ger. 

8. (? T.) puWscens L. * Austria- 1311 

The pubescent Daphne. 

TA.ymc/<F v a itdlica, Tarton-raire Gallo-provincice 

sitnilis, Sftl per amniti m</i*'r, M icheli. 
Behaarter Seidelbast, (Jer. ' 



9. (? T.) tomentosa Lam. 



Asia Minor 
1311 



The tomentose Daphne. 

Peuterina rilloia L. 
LaurMc cotunnetise, Lam. 

C. Erect. Leaves persistent. Flowers terminal. 

10. collina Sm. * S. Italy fig. 1187. 1311 

kThe h\\\-in!iabiting Daphne, or Neapolitan 
Mczereon. 
I), collina . Bot. Rep. 
?D. \>uxifblia Vahl. 
Daphne des Collincs, Laureate a Feuittes 
de Sante, Fr. 
Stumpfbl'dttriger Seidelbast, Ger. 

11. (c.) neapolitana Lodd. * S. of Italy 

fig. 1188. 1312 

The Neapolitan Daphne. 

D. collina /3 neapolitana Limll. 

12. (c.) oleoidesL. Crete f. 1189. 1312 

The Olive-like Daphne. 

ChanKEdaphnijides cretica Alpin. ' 
Tkymetea crt'tica olece folio utriusque 

glabro Tourn. 
Y) dp/me salicifulia Lam. 
Laureole ,, Feiu/trs d' Olivier, Fr. 
Oelbaumblattriger Seidelbast, Ger. 

13. (c.) sericea Vahl. it Candia - 1312 



The silky-fcnrrrf Daphne. 

TAWMb^a craica oletr folio nibtui villoto Tourn. 
Vk&hnt oleafdlia Lam. 
Sadenartiger Seidelbeut, Ger. 

14. striata Trat. * Switzerland - 1313 

The striated-ca/1/.rtt/ Daphne. 
D. Erect. Leaves persistent. Flowers in Racemes. 

15. Gnfdium L. * Spain f. 1190. 1313 

The Gnidium, or Flax-leaved, Daphne. 
Thy meler^a foliis lini Bauh. 
Spurge Flat, Mountain Widow Waylc. 
Daphne" Gnidium, Laurfole a Panicule, 

Ritpenbl'dttriger Seidelbast, Ger. 



E. Prostrate. Leaves persistent. Flowers terminal, 
aggregate. 

16. Cneorum L. 9~. Switzerland 

fig. 1191. 1313 

The Garland-flower, or trailing, Daphne. 
Cncdrnm Matth. 
H'ofilricchendcr Seidelbast, Ger. 

J'tirieties !U - - - 1313 

2 foliis variegatis )U 

3 flore albo !U 



A pp. i. Half-hardy Species of Daphne. 1314 

D. od6ra Thtinh. * | _ 1 China. 
P. tintnrii Lam. 
The tn'ett-tcenled Daphne. 
Lavrtole de Chine, Danh nt od orant, Fr. 
Wohlriechendtr SeiilelUist, (icr. 

Var. 2 variegata Lodd. Cat. * I _ I 

3 rubra D. Don. * \ _ 1 fig. 1192. 

D. hvbrida Su>t. i_J Hybrid f. 11 93. 

D. delphinia of Fr. Gardens. 
D. dauphinii of Eng. Gardens. 

D. indica L. * | _ | India. 
D. pajiyracea Wai. * | _ | Nepal. 
1. canntibina \V<A. 

II. DI'RCA L. & - - 1307. 1314 

THE DIRCA, or Leather-wood. 



1. palustris L. & Virginia f. 1194. 1314 

The Marsh Dirca. 
Moorwood. 

Bois de Cuir, Bois de Plomb, Fr. 
Sumpf Lederholz, Ger. 

App. I. Half-hardy ligneous Plants belonging 
to the Order ThymeldcetB. - 1315 

Gnfdia imhricata L. tL | _ ) Cape of Good Hope. 

G. denudata Bot. Reg. 

'asserlna filifdrmis L. - 1 _ | Cape of Good Hope. 
imelea drupacea Lab. - 1 _ 1 New Holland. 



Santalaceae. 



1315 



I. NY'SS^ L. * - - 1315, 1316 

THE NYSSA, or Tupelo Tree. 

1. biflora Michx. ^ Virginia 

pi. 218. fig. 1195, 1196. 1317 

The twin-flowered Nyssa. 
N. aqudtica L. sp. 
N. caroliniiina L. 
N. intcgrifMia Ait. 
N. pedunculis untfUrfs Gron. 
Mountain Tupelo Mart. 
Gum Tree, Sour Gum Tree, Peperidge, 
Amer. 

2. (bA villosa Michx. 3! North America 

fig. 1197, 1198. 1317 

The hairy. leaved Nyssa. 
N. sylvdtica Michx. 
V. multifldra Wangh. 
N. monU.na Hort. 
N. pedi'inculis mult\fldris Gron. 
Sour Gum Tree, Black Gum, Yellow Gum, 

Amer. 
Haariger Tulpelobaum, Ger. 

m 



CV1 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

3. candicans Michx. Carolina 

fig. 1199. 1318 

The whitish-feowttJ Nyssa, or Ogechee Lime 
Tree. 

N. capitata Walt. 
y. coccinea Bartr. 
Sour Tupelo Tree, Wild Lime. 
Weisslicher Tulpelobaum, Ger. 

4. grandidentata Michx. *t North America 

fig. 1200, 1201. 1319 

The deeply-toothed-fcai'* Nyssa, or Large Tupelo Tree. 
N. tomentbta and ff. angulltant Michx. 
Jf. denticulata Ait. 
ff. angultisa Poir. 
If. unlflora, Wangh. 
Wild Olive, Amer. 
Virginian Tupelo, Mart. 



II. OSTRIS L. it - 

TUB OSTRIS, or Poet't Castia. 
Ciuia Camer. 

1. alba L. * Italy 



- 1316. 1320 



The vrhite-Jlorvered Osyris. 

O. folia linetirihiu aciiiis Loefl. 
O. f rut f seem baccffera Bauh. 
Ciuia poftica Monspeliifiuium Cam. 
Caria Latinorum Alp. 
Ctisia Monspelii dicta Gesn. 
Weitie Oiyris, Uer. 



fig. 1202. 1320 



Elaagndcca. t 

I. .EL^EA'GNUS CTowrw. 



L_J 1320 

* ai LJ 
1320, 1321 

THE EL^AGNUS, Oleaster, or Wild Olive Tree. 
Chalef, Fr. 
FFiftte Oelbaum, Ger. 

1. hortensis 5>ft. 3 'South of Europe 

pi. 219. fig. 1203. 1321. 

The Garden Elaeagnus. 
E. angustffdlia L. 
E. inermis Mill. 
E. argtnteus Mcench. 
E. orientdlis Delisle. 
? E. argt!ntea Wats. 
Jerusalem Willow. 
Olivier deBoheme, Chalef <i Fsuillcs e'troites, 

Fr. 
Schmalbl'dttriger Oleaster, Ger. 

Varieties t - - - 1322 

1 angustifolia Bieb. 

E. angustifdlia L. 

2 dactyliformis 

3 orientalis * 

E. orientdlis L. 

4 spinosa 3! 

E. spindsa L. 

2. argentea P^. & Hudson's Bay 

fig. 1204-. 1323 

The &i\ver.leaved Elaeagnus. 

Missouri Silver Tree, U. S. of N. Amer. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of ljlceagnus. 1324 

E. conftrta Roxb. 3t | _ | Nepal. 

E. arborea Roxb. * t I Nepal. 

E. laUf61ia L. tt |_) East Indies. 

f:. aliciff)lia ? l>. Don. at _ I fig. 120/3. 



II. mPPO'PHAE L. 1 ^1321. 1 P 324 

THE HIPPOPHAE, S?fl Buckthorn, or Sallow, 
thorn. 

Rhamnwdcs Tourn. 
Argoussier, Fr. 
Hqfftforn, Sanddorn, Ger. 
Espino amarilto, Span. 

1. Rhamnoides L. ^ * Europe 

pi. 220. fig. 1206. 1324 

The Buckthorn-like Hippophae. 

Rhamnbides florlfera sdlicis folio, Tourn. 
Rhamnoides fructifera Raj-. 
Argoussier faux Nerprun, Fr. 
Weidenbl'dttriger Sanddorn, Ger. 
Arve, Saule E'pineux, Alps of Switzer- 
land. 

Varieties & - - 1325 

2 angustifolia & 

3 sibirica 3fe 

H. sibirica Lodd. Cat. 

2. salicifolia D. Don. 2 & Nepal 

fig. 1207. 1326 

The Willow-leaved Hippophae. 
H. conferta Wall. 

III. SHEPHE'RD/yl Nutt. X ^ 

1321. 1327 

THE SHEPHERDIA. 

Hipp6phae L. 

1. argentea Nutt. st % North America 

fig. 1208. 1327 

The silvery-leaved Shepherdia. 

Hipptpfiae argentea Pursh. 

Missouri Silver Leaf, Buffalo Berry Tree, 

Amer. 
Rabbit Berry, Beef Suet Tree, American 

Indians. 

Graisse de Buffle, Buffalo Fat, French 
Traders. 

2. canadensis Nutt. * North America 

fig. 1209. 1327 

The Canadian Shepherdia. 

Hippdphae canadensis L. 



Aristolochidcea. 



fi_i_J 



1328 



1328 



I. ^RISTOLO'CHIA L. Js fl_i_J 

THE BIRTHWORT. 

Aristoloche, Fr. 
Osterluxey, Ger. 

1. sipho U-Herit. J N. Am. f. 12.10. 1329 

The Siphon-like, or Tube-flowered, Birth wort. 
A. macrophylla Lam. 
Aristoloche Syphon, Fr. 
Grossbldttrige Ostcrluxey, Ger. 
Pipe Vine, or Birth wort, Amer. 

2. tomeritosa Sims, -i North America 

fig. 1211. 1329 
The tomentose Birthwort. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of Aristolbchia. 

1329 

A. sempervirens L. ^. | _ | Candia. 
A. glatica Detf. ft. | _ | Barbary. 
A. altfssima Desj'. 



CONTENTS. 



CV11 



Page 



Ew/^oriiaceae. 1330 



I. .EUPHO'RB/J L. *i_l *..! 1331 

THE EUPHORBIA, or Spurge. 
Tithumabu Tourn. 
F.uphorbe, Fr. 
Wolfsinilch, Ger. 

E. Characias L. n. Britain f. 1212. 1331 

E. altppica Hort. 

E. spinosa L. . J South of Europe 
fig. 1213. 1331 



* 



i. Half-hardy Species of Euphorbia. 1 332 



B. dendreldes L. 
E. melHfera Ait. 
Other species. 



Italy. 
| Madeira, fig. 1214. 



II. STILLI'NG/J Garden 

THE STILLINGIA. 



1330. 1332 



1. /igustrina Willd. st Carolina - 1332 

The Privet-leaved Stillingia. 

III. WXUS Tourn. 1 a. 1330. 1332 

THE Box TREE. 
Buis, Fr. 
Buxbaum, Buchsbaum, Ger. 

1. sempervirens L. * i Europe 1333 

The evergreen, or common, Box Tree. 
Hfixus Ray, and other authors. 
Bui's commun, Bois bdni, Fr. 
Buchsbaum, Ger. 
Busso, Bossolo, Mortel, Ital. 

Varieties and Subvarieties 1 
* - - 1333 

1 arborescens Mill. Diet. 1 

1 argentea Hort. 1 

2 aurea Hort. 1 

3 margin ata Hort. 1 

2 angustifolia 3/z7Z. Diet. % 

1 \aTiega,taHort. i 

3 suffruticosa Mill. Diet.*, f.1215 

B. humilis Dod. 

B. s. flwa N. Du Ham. 

jfft<w natn, Buis d Bordures, Buis 

d'Artois, Buis de Hollande, Petit 

Buis, Fr. 
Zwerch Buchsbaum, Ger. 

4 wyrtifolia Lam. m. 

2. balearica Willd. 1 Minorca 

fig. 1220, 1221. 1341 






The Balearic Box. 

B. *. var.eigantia N. Du Ham. 
Minorca Box. 

Buis de Minorque, Buis de Mahon, Fr. 
Balearischcr Buchsbaum, Ger. 



A pp. i. Half-hardy Species of Buxus. 1341 

B. chine"nsis Lk. * | | China. 

App. I. Half-hardy Species belonging to the 
Order EwpAar&iaceae. - 1341 

Pla^iAnthus divaricatus Font. H \ | New Zealand. 

Clu/tii alaterndidw Hot. Ma*. i_J Cape of Good Hope. 



Urticacece. If 1 1 D f * 
I. JJfORUS Zbni. ^ 1 1 a a 



Pag. 

1343 



THE MULBERRY TREK. 
Miirier, Fr. 
llanlbeere, Ger. 



1342, 1343 



nigra Poz'r. i Persia 

pi. 22 1,222. fig. 1222. 1343 
The black -/rttrtrd, or common, Mulberry. 



Mdrtts Dod. 
M.frticlu nigro Bauh. 

Variety 
2 laciniata Mill. Diet. *t 



- 1344 



2. alba i. 5f China pi. 223, 224. 1348 

The vthite-fruitcd Mulberry Tree. 
M. candica Dod. 
M.fructu dlbo Bauh. 

M. alba frfictu mindri dlbo insiilso Du 
Ham. 

Varieties % 31 - - 1348 
2 multicaulis Perrottet. 3fe 

M. tatdrica Desf., not of L. or Pall. 

M. bulli,ta Balbis. 

M. cucullata Hort. 

Chinese black Mulberry, Amer. 

Perrottet Mulberry, Many-stalked 



Miirier Perrottet, Fr. 

Murier d Tiges nombreuses, Mii- 

rier des Philippines, Ann. des 

Sci. 
Moro dette Filippine, Ital. 

3 Morrettidnct Hort. 

Dandolo's Mulberry. 

4 macrophylla Lodd. Cat. % 

M. a. latfjdlia Hort. 
M. hispdnica Hort. 
Miirier d'Espagne, Feuille d'Es- 
pagne, Fr. 

5 romana Lodd. Cat. 

M. a. ovalifdlia. 
Murier romain, Fr. 

6 nervosa Lodd. Cat. 

M. nervdsa Bon. Jard. 
M. subdlba nervdsa Hort. 

Subvariety. * 
2 longifolia Bon. Jard. 

7 italica Hort. 

M. italica Lodd. Catt. 

Subvariety. *f 
2 riibra 

M. ritbra Lodd. Cat. 

8 rosea Hort. Z 

Murier rose, Feuille rose, Fr. 

9 columbassa Lodd. Cat. X 

Columba, Fr. 
1O membranacea Lodd. Cat. 

Murier d Feuilles de Parchemin, 

1 1 sinensis Hort. % 
M. sinensis Hort. 
M. chintnsis Lodd. Cat. 
7%e CAmee tt-Aite Mulberry, 

Amer. 
12 pumila iVois. 31 

M. a. ndna Hort. Brit. 
Other Varieties - - 1350 

Jr/Vd Mulberries. 

La Feuille rose. 

M. a. 8 rtwa. 
La FeuUle doree. 

M. a. liiciia Hort. 

M. <,.,-M Hort. 

ra 2 



CONTENTS. 



LA H<-int ttarde. 

f y^'lia sa*<l*. Ita! 
l.a K.-mel!e. 

Grafted Mi'lben ies. 

l.a Urine. 
LUI.T t- K.-in.>. 



; ',',//,,. 

V ^'IV.'/!.! l/.'W/llVil ll. 

;>. (a.) constantinopolitana PoiV. i Turkey 

1358 

The ri,n-t.intinc,p!f M u!U-rrv Tnv. 



4. (a.) tataricu 7-W. *L "Panks of the 

Volua - - fi-,'. 1225. 1358 | 

The Tartarian Mulberry Tret\ 

5, ruhra /,. i N. America pi. 225. 1359 

The Ti'd-fni/ted Mulberry Tree. 



M. pcnnsyli'dnica N'ois. 

? I'arirty i - 
canadensis I^tm. 



- 1360 



V. BO RYJ W. 1 at - 1343. 1370 

THE BOKVA. 

.-MtV/a Miehx. 
Bigcldnia S/n. 

1. /igustrina WilUL i X*. America 1370 

The Privet-like Borya. 

Adelin \igustrina Michx. 
Higi'lui'ii\ \igustrina Sni. 

2. (? /.) acuminata Willd. & Carolina 

fis. 1229. 1371 

The aeuminate-Avm'rf Borya. 

J^//V/ acnmiiu'tta M"iehx. 
Bigcfovi'd. acumimita Sin. 

3. (/.) porulosa Willd. & Georgia. 1371 

The \xjvv-like-dotted-learcd Boyra. 
Adilia in.rulosa Miehx. 
Ji/i;e/i>i'\i\ poruldsd Sin. 
'? Bigelovia oi'uta Lodd. Cat. 

-1. (listicho])hylla Xutt. & E. Tennessee 1371 

The two-rowi-d-leavt-d 13orva. 



6. (r.) scabra JH/A/. X. America 1300 

The ronf.'h-/tv/?'iv/ Mulberry Tree. 
M. canadensis Poir. 

App. i. ILilf-hnrdij Species of Glories. 13GO 

,*f. (nd c ^ I.. * l~l K.,-t Indi^-i. 

M. ma.mtima ./-.- 7 . ? (HI .Madagascar. 

M. latifi'li i n'./l.l. I-lc nf Bourlion. 

.17 au^tr.ilis \\"ll-l. I-K- of Bourlion. 

.>/. relti(!if..!i.i 7V,/,,,/,. (hi. to. 

.4f. r..r!if..li.i 7V,,,,,/,. Quito. 

M. ra'.r ir-^'.i'h r,,m. Ni-w Sou'.h AVilcs. 



. 

Nopa 



II.BROUSSOXET/.l Vent. 1342.1361 

THE 15iujf>>Ni:ii\. 

MO/-W.S- .SV/A-I Kicmpf. 
\'n iii/ rttx Kin yi 1 . Hut. 

1, papyrifera /'r/. i'China pi. -226. 13G1 

The jiaiirr-bcarinj: Hrou-.-onctia, ',/ 7V;/), r ;>//</- 
//,-////. 

^Idnis P fij>yrifcra I. 

1'n r ;>/,/ Y - l.'3f)l 

2 cucullata 1' 

/;. rnrutlntn I?nn .Tard. 
/,'. siia!iil,,tu llort. Urit. 
//. naviculuris Lodil. ( at. 

HI. MAC'Ll "PvJ Xutt. 5 1342. 1302 

I'm: MM l-fHA. 

'l\i.rijlan Iliifincsque. 

1. aurantiaca A"////, f Xorth America 

fij. I22G, 1227, 122H. ]3G2 

Tlic (iraii^c-liki'-/;-7///c'(/ Madura, or Osagc 
Oratixc. 

linr-inxxl, Yflluw-wowl, N. Anirr. 

1313. 1365 



Ulmaccce. 



CD * - 1371 
- 1371. 1373 



IV. /TCr.S Ttmm. 

'I'm, 1 ic. Tin i . 

]-'i'f>uicr, I'r. 



I. C'arica //. Y S. luirope pi. 227. 1365 

'J'lic ;/;? /, I'i- 'I'n-c. 

I . rommi.nis Hauh. 

1 . tumuli* a-K 1 . I'. xiffn : ntris Tourn. 

l-'iHHirr n, ,,, |'r. 

(icinrfu,- i;-i'ii>>iin,,>. C.I-T. 



T. T'LMUS 7>. * 

THI. KLM. 

O/vw!-, I'r. 

r//w. o;- It Utter, Ger. 

0///.'o, I tal. 

1. campestris 7,.i Britain pi. 228, 229 
fh. 1232. 1238,1239. 1374 

The English. Held, ur common small-leaved, Elm. 
T. A//M/V/ I'liny. 
L". ni'iiKir. Jolio (iitgusto scabro, Ger. Eniac. 



A. 7Y/6<-r 7'/-Y. 

1 vulgaris i 

I". fiiif>,'iitriit Hort. Dur. 

2 latitolia llort. *t 

3 alba Mnsttrs. ^ 

i acutifulia Masters, i 
5 stricta //>;/. 79// 



. 79//r. pi. 230. 

/.Yrf English Elm. 
G virens 7/o;-/. Y 

Kidlmwk F.hn. 
7 cornubii'iisis llort. t 
The Corni.sh l-'lni. 

r. ///(/</ Lindi. 

Snbvar/eties. ^ 

'2 parvifolia Lindl. 5f 

I'. ,s-. niicrophtjlla Lodd. Cat. 
asjiera 7.(W//. Cut. 
c-rispa A</^/. ('/. 

S sarnitMisis 1' 

The Jersey Kim. 

I,', .'.iirii/i'nsis Lodd. C'at. 
9 tortuosa Y. 

The tuistcd Klin. 

I'. tnrtni'Sii I. odd. Cat. 
? Orme ti.rlitlard. I'r. 

B. Ornitiiirntiil, i>r curious, Trees. 
10 iV.liis varii-atis l.odtl.Cat. Y 
J I //t'tulii'tolia V 

T. \}etiil ( i'fi>/i(i Lodd. C'at. 
1'J viniinalis ;V pi. 1231. 

I', riminalis I-odd. Cat. 



CONTENTS. 



C1X 



Page 

13 parvifolia 2 fig. 12SO. 

U. parvifolia Jacq. 

U. microphylla Pers. 

U.numila var. f3 (transba tea tens >s) 

Pall. 

I'.iiitniila Willd. 
l\/>./.V/w;i >//, $c., Pluk. 
U. hiimilis Knum. 

14 planifolia i pi. 232. 

U. planrfdlia Hort. 

15 chinensis fig. 1231. 

I". c///>ii'ns/s 1'ers. 
7 '/// f/f V Abbe Gallois, Ormc nain, 
Fr. 

16 cucullata Hort. * 

17 concavaefolia Hort. 

1 8 foliis aureis Hort. 

Other Varieties. 
U. c. nana Lorfrf. Cat. 
U. c. foliis maculatis ioefcf. Cat. 
U. ddbia Lodrf. Caf. 
U. viscusa Lorfd. Caf. 

FmicA Varieties - 1378 

L'Orme & Feuilles larges et rudes. 
L'Onne Tell, 1'Orme Tilleul, 1'Orme de Hollande. 

The British, or Lime Tree, Elm. 
L'Ormille, 1'Orme nain. 

The dwarf Elm. 
L'Orme a Feuilles;lisses et glabres. 

The shining tmoeth-leartd Kim. 
Le petit Orme a Feuilles panachees de blanc. 
L'Orme a Feuilles lisses panachdes de blanc. 

The shining silvery-leaved Elm. 
Le petit Orme a Feuilles panachees de jaune. 

The dwarf golden-leaved Elm. 
L'Orme a petites Feuilles, 1'Orme male, 1'Orme 
pyramidal. 

The small-leaved Elm. 

L'Orme a tres-randes Feuilles, 1'Orme femelle, 
1'Orme de Trianon. 

The large-feared Elm. 
L'Orme de Hollande a grandes Feuilles panachees. 

The variegated Dutch Elm. 
L'Orme tortillard. 

1 T . torttuita Lodd. Cat. 

The tnisted Elm. 

2. (c.) suberosa Moencli. England 

pi. 233. fig. 1240. 1395 
The cork-barked Elm. 

U. campestris Woods. 

U. campestris and Theophrdsti Du Ham. 

U. vulgatissima fdlio luto scdbra Ger. 

Emac. 

U. montdna Cam. 
Common Elm Tree, Hunt Evel. 
L'Orme Lidgc, VQrme-Jungeux, Fr. 

Varieties * - 1395 

1 vulgaris 5f 

The Dutch cork-barked Elm. 
U. subcrdsa Hort. Dur. 

2 foliis variegatis Lodd. Cat. * 

U. suberdsa varicguta Hort. Dur. 

3 alba 

U. suberdsa alba Masters. 

4 erecta Lodd. Cat. 

5 var. 

The broad-leaved Hertfordshire Elm, 
Wood. 

6 var. 

The narrow-leaved Hertfordshire Elm, 
Wood. 

(c.) major Sm. England 

pi. 234, 235. fig. 1241. 1395 
The greater, or Dutch cork-barked, Elm. 

U. hollundica Mill. 

U. iruijor fioUdndica, $c., Pluk. 

U. nuijor, amplibre folio, fyc., Du Ham. 

Tilia inns Matth. 

U. latifolia Michx. 

carpinifolia Lindl. If England 

The Honibeam-Icaved Elm. 



Tage 

5. effusa Willd. * England 

pi. 236, 237. fig. 1242. 1397 

The spreading-firawcAcrf Elm. 
I', eiliiitu Khrh. 
U. pedunculata Lam. 
I. ocldiuira Schk. 
U. fdlio latissimo, SfC., Buxb. 
U. laTvis Pall. 
Z/' Ormc pedoncult, Fr. 

6. montana Bauh. England 

fig. 1243, 1244. 1398 

The mountain, Scotch, or Wych, Elm. 
U. gldbra Huds. 
U. ^ffuna Sibth. 
U. scdbra Mill. 
U. nuda Ehrh. 
U. campestre Willd. 
Wych Hazel of old authors. 



7. 



Varieties 



- 1398 



A. Timber Trees. 

1 vulgaris 3f 

2 rugosa Masters. 3f 

U. rugdsa Lodd. Cat. 

3 major Masters. pi. 238. 

4 minor Masters. X 

5 cebennensis Hort. 5: 
The Cevennes Elm. 

6 nigra *t 

The black Irish Elm. 
U. w?gra Lodd. Cat. 

7 australis ./fort. 

B. Ornamental or curious Varieties. 

8 p<hidula pi. 239. 

U. pendula Lodd. Cat. 

U. glabra decfimbens Hort. Dur. 

U. horizontdlis Hort. 

U. ruftra Hort. Soc. Card. 

9 fastigiata Hort. ^ pi. 240. 

U. glabra replicuta Hort. Dur. 
U. Fordii Hort. 
U. exoniensis Hort. 
10 crispa X 

The curled-/?aw^ Elm. 
? U. crispa Willd. 

Other Varieties, 
glabra Mill. Eng. f. 1245. 1403 

mooth-fratied, or Wych, Elm. 
U. montana {3 Fl. Br. 
U . fdlio glabro Ger. Emac. 
U. campestris var. 3. With. 
The feathered Elm. 

Varieties *t - 1404 

A. Timber Trees. 

1 vulgaris 

The common smooth-leaved Elm. 

2 vegeta 

U. montdna vegela Hort Soc.Gard. 

U. americana Masters. 

The Huntingdon Elm, the Chi- 

chester Elm, the American Elm, 

? the Scampston Elm. 

3 var. 

The Scampston Elm. 

4 major 

U. glabra mnjor Hort. Dur. 
The Canterbury Seedling. 

5 glandulosa Lindl. 3f 

6 latifolia Lindl. % 

7 microphylla H. S. 

? U. g. parvifolia Hort. Soc. Card. 



1 



ex 



CONTENTS, 



Page 
B. Ornamental or curious Trees. 

8 pendula 1 

U campestris pendula Hort. Dur. 
The Downton Elm. 

9 variegata H. S. 
10 ramulosa Booth, 3 



8. alba Kit. Hungary - 

The whitish-feared Elm. 



- 1405 



9. americana L. *i North America 

pi. 241. fig. 1246. 1406 

The American Elm. 

The white Elm, Amer. 

Canadian Elm, American white Elm. 

Varieties - 1406 

1 rubra Ait. ^t 

2 alba Ait. % 

V. mollifblia Roem. et Schult. 

3 pendula Pursh. 3t 

4 incisa H. S. *t pi. 242. 

10. (a.) fulva Michx. % North America 

fig. 1247. 1407 

The tawny-budded, or slippery, Elm. 
U. rubra Michx. 
Orme gras, Fr. 
Red Elm, Red-wooded Elm, Moose Elm. 

11. alata Michx. Virgin iaf. 1248. 1408 

The Wahoo, or cork-winged, Elm. 
U. pumila Walt. 
Wahoo, Indians of N. America. 

App. i. Doubtful Sorts of U'lmus. - 1409 

U. pubescens Walt. 

V. frutic6sa Willd. 

V. integrifdlia. Himalayas. 

U. virgata. Himalayas. 

U. lancifolia ftoy/e. Himalayas. 

17. erdsa Royle. Himalayas. 

U. Ifevigata Rnyte. Himalayas. 

U. virgata Royle. Himalayas. 

II. PLA'NER,* Grnel. 1372.1409 

THE PLANERA. 

Rhrimnus Pall., Giildenst. 
U'lmus, various authors, as to Pla- 
nera Richard/. 

1. Richardz Michx. West of Asia 

pi. 243, 244. fig. 1249, 1250. 1409 

Richard's Planera, or Zelkoua Tree. 
P. crenata Michx., Desf. 
P. carpinifolia Wats. 
Rhdmnus carpi nifulius Pall. 
Rhdmnus ulmoldes Giildenst. 
U'lmus crenfita Hort. Par. 
U'lmus parvifolia Willd. 
U'lmus campestris Walt. 
U'lmus polygama Richard. 
U'lmus nemordlis Ait. 
U'lmus fdliis crenatis basitequdlibusfructu 

ovoideo, non comprdsso, Poir. 
Le Zelkoua, Orme de Sibdrie, Fr. 
Richard's Planere, Ger. 

2. Gmelim Michx. * N.Am. f. 1251. 1413 

Gmelin's Planera. 

P. ulm/folta Michx. 
P. aquntica Willd. 

Anonymus aquaticus arbor, SfC., Walt. 
? P. Abelicea SckuHei Crete. 



III. CE'LTIS Tourn. 1 O A 

THE CELTIS, or Nettle Tree. 1372. 1413 
Ijbtus of Lobel and other authors. 
Micocoulier, Fr. 
Ziingclbaum, Ger. 



1. austrhlis L. % S. Europe f. 1252. 

The southern Celtis, or European Nettle Tree. 

Lotus arbor Lob. 

Lotus slve CMtis Cam. 

Lote Tree. 

Micocoulier austral, Micocoulier de Pro- 
vence, Fabrecoulier, Faiibrcguier des 
Provencaux, N. Du Ham. 

Lotu, Ital. 

Variety - - 1414 

With variegated leaves, Brotero. t 



2. (a.) caucasica Willd. 

The Caucasian Celtis. 

3. Tournefortw Lam. 



Caucasus 1415 



Armenia 

pi. 245. 1416 

Tournefort's Celtis. 

C^ orientalis minor, fdliis min6ribus et 

crassioribusfrfictuflavo, Tourn. 
C. orientalis Mill., not of L. 
Micocoulier du Levant, Micocoulier d'O- 

rient, Fr. 
Morgenlandischer Zungelbaum, Ger. 

4. (T.) sintnsisPers. *t & China 1416 

The China Celtis. 

5. Willdenovzana Schultes. 3f China 1416 

Willdenow's Celtis. 

C. tintntit Willd. 

6. occidentals L. North America 

pi. 246, 247. 1417 

The Western Celtis, or North American Nettle 
Tree. 

C.fructu obscuro purpurascente, Tourn. 

C. obhqua Mcench. 

Nettle Tree, Sugar Berry, Amer. 

Bois inconnu, Illinois. 

Micocoulier de Virginie, Fr. 

Varieties ? - - 1417 

2 cordata Willd. 

3 scabriuscula Willd. *t 

C. australis Willd. 
C. ? o. /3 tenuifblia Pers. 
C. dspera Lodd. Cat. 
C. orientalis Hort. 

7. crassifolia Lam. *t N.Am. f. 1254. 1418 

The thick-leaved Celtis, or Hackberrv 
C. cordifolia L'Herit. 
C. cordata Desfont. 
Hagberry, Hoop Ash, Amer. 
Micocoulier a Feuilles en Cceur, Fr. 



8. laevigata Willd. & Louisiana 

The glabrous-/eat'ed Celtis. 



9. pumila Ph. 3 

The dwarf Celtis. 



Maryland 



- 1420 



- 142O 



App. i. Species of Celtis half-hardy, or not 
yet introduced. - - 1420 

C. orientalis L. }_ O Himalayas fig. 1255 
C. tetrindra fiorA. Himalayas. 
C. alylna Rmjle. Himalayas. 
C. Jnglesii Koyle. Himalayas. 



Juylanddcece. 



I. JITGLANS L. * 

THE WALNUT TREE. 
Noyer, Fr. 
Walnuss, Ger. 



- 1420 
1420, 1421 




CONTENTS, CXI 



Page 

1. rcgia L. Persia 

pi. 248, 249, 250. fig. 257. 1423 
The royal, or common. Walnut Tree. 
Ni'ix Ji'glans Dod. 

Niix Jfiglniis, sen r< : gia rulguris, Bauh. 
Xai/t'r coniiiiuii, Fr. 
Noseguier, Provence. 
Geineine Walnuss, Ger. 

Varieties *t - - 1423 

2 maxima 

Nux Juglans frvctu miiximo, 

Bauh. 

Noix de Jauge, Bon Jard. 
Bannut, Warwickshire. 

3 tenera 

The skm-shelled, or titmouse, Vfalnut. 
Nit.r Juglans fructo ttnero et fragile 

putdmine Bauh. 
Noyer d. Coque tendre, Noyer M6- 

sange, Bon Jard. 
Noyer de Mars, in Dauphin. 
I serotina Desf. 
The late-vegetating Walnut. 

Nux Juglans fructo serotino Bauh. 
Noyer tardif, Noyer de la Saint 

Jean, Bon Jard. 
Noyer de Mai, in Dauphine. 
5 laciniata ? 

The Fern-leaved Walnut. 

Niix Juglans foliis laciniatis Re- 

neaulm. 

Juglans keteropkfUa Hort. 
J. filicifolia Lodd. Cat. 
Other Varieties. 
The Highflier. 
The Yorkshire Walnut. 

2. nigra L. North America 

pi. 251, 252. fig. 1260. 1435 
The black wooded Walnut Tree. 

The black- Walnut, the black Hickory Nut, 

N. America. 
Noyer noir, Fr. 

3. cinerea L. 






N. Am. p. 253. f. 1262. 
1439 

The grey-branched Walnut Tree, or Butter-nut. 
3. cathdrtica N. Amer. Sylv. 
J. oblonga Mill. 
Oil-nut, White Walnut, Amer. 
Noyer cendre, Fr. 
Grauc Walnuss, Ger. 

II. CAHYA Nutt. % - 1421. 1441 

THE CARYA, or Hickory Tree. 
Jiiglans sp. L. 
Hicbrius Rafinesquc. 
Hickory, Amer. 

1. olivaeformis Nutt. t North America 
fig. 1263. 1441 

The olive-shaped Carya, or Pacane-nut Hickory. 
Sitglans rubra Gaertn. 
iuglans ciflindrica I^am. 
Jnglans Pecan Miiltlcnb. 
3iiglans angustifdlia Alt. 
Jfiglans olivepfdrmis Michx. 
Pecan-nut, Illinois Nut, Amer. 
Pecanier, Pacanus, Noyer Pecanicr, Fr. 

. amara Nutt. % N. Amer. f. 1264. 1443 

The bitter-nw< Carya. 

Jilglans amara Miclix. 
Bitti'r-nut, White Hickory, Swamp Hickory, 
Amer. 

3. aqiuitica Nutt. *f North America 

fig. 1265, 1206. 1444 

The aauatic Carya ; or Water Bitlcr-nnt Hickory, 
iiiglans aqntitfca Michx. 



. 



Page 

4. tomentosa Nutt. *t N.Am. f. 1267. 1444 

The tomentose Carya, or Mocker-nut Hickory. 
Juglans alba L. 
C. alba Mill. 

J talaris tomentosa Miclix. 
White-heart Hickory, Common Hickory, 

Amer. 
Noyer dur, Illinois. 

Variety *t - 1445 

2 maxima Swt. I fort. Brit. * 

5. alba Nutt. % North America 

pi. 254. fig. 1269. 1446 

The white-nwfd Carya, or Shell-bark Hickory. 
Jiiglans alba Michx. 
Jiigtans alba ovdta Marsh. 
Juglans squamdsa Michx. 
Jvglans compressa Gaertn. 
Shag-bark Hickory, Scaly-bark Hickory, 

Kisky Thomas Nut, Amer. 
Noyer tendre, Illinois. 

6. sulcata Nutt. *t N. Am. f. 1271. 1448 

The furrowed-/rw?Ved Carya. 

Juglans laciniosa Michx. Arb. 
Juglans mucronata Michx. Fl. Bor. Amer. 
Juglans sulcata Wilkl. 
Thick Shell-bark Hickory, Springfield Nut, 
Gloucester Nut, Amer. 

7. porcina Nutt. * North America 

fig. 1272, 1273, 1274. 1449 

The fig-nut Carya. 

Juglans porcina a. obcorddta Michx. Arbr. 
Juglans porcina var. with fruit round and 
somewhat rough, Michx. N. Amer. Svl. 
Juglans obcordata Miihlenb. 
Big-nut, Hog-nut, Broom Hickory. 

Variety *t - 1449 

2 glabra f. 1272. b, and 1274. b. 

Juglans porcina fificiformis Michx. 

Arb. 
Juglans glabra Miihl. 

8. myristicajformis Nutt. South Carolina 

fig. 1275. 1451 

The XutmeR-like-/rui/erf Carya, or Nutmeg Hickory. 
Jiiglatis myrittica-ftirmis Michx. 

9. microciirpa Nutt. N. America 1451 

The small-fruited Carya. 



- 145J 



10. integrifolia Spreng. * 

The entire leaf (let) ed Caria, or Hickory. 

Ilicorius inttgrifdlius Rafinesque. 

App. i. Other kinds of Carya. - 1451 

C. ambfeua. North America. 

Jnglans ambfgjia Michx. 
C. pubescens Lk. 
C. rigida. 

Jiiglans rfgida Lodd. Cat. 

III. PTEROCA N RYA Kuntli. * 

THE PTEROCARYA. 1421. 1451 

Juglans sp. L. 

1. caucasica Kitnth. * Caucasus 

pi. 255. fig. 1276. 1452 

The Caucasian Pterocarya. 

Juglans pterocdrpa Michx. 
\\hus obscurum Bieb. 
Jiiglans fraiinifolia I^amond MS. 
Yrdxinus tevigata Hort. Par. 



Salicdcea. 
I. ,9A % LIX L. 

THE WILLOW. 



J. Jk 



- 1453 



Group ii. Acutifoliiz Horror. 31 14*J4 

I'mincc-a- Kucli. 
\ II', I!, /(,.- in:'/ <l<i>'k />'.7/7., c:>t'C,-cit i.-itti njinc Jil^itn. 

7. acntitolia ll'i/M. t Podolia fi -.->.->. 
in p. 1G07. - - 149-1- 

The i .>iatrd-lra\c ; l Willow. 

S. \i\>tt'icca Amir. Hot. iu-p., not ofNYilld. 

f) .. ti ... j.-,,,. '""' s - ca-i'ii-a llort. 

s. ./apiuioiik's I'iHor*. Y Swit/crland 
tiniupi. I'tirjittn-a Koch, Horror, i i I!!*') f IL r. |-^9,3., aiul fl^.^G. ill p. 1GOS. I49i 



Poincrania I4f)0 




I. piirpm-ra /> - 1'ritain fig. I'-'D k, and 

!'- 1. inj>. 1U03. - I!!H) , poineranic 

n-.(.- i.urpK- Willow. Tlu , i, llm . r jini!in Willow. 

S. /////-;)/,(/ i: Koch Connii. s _ ( irt^//<-v(/.-.v r/.v . \"ill;ir-: 

- 1 ' 1:1 



10. inulrlata A""r//, //co/,-. V i l^nglaiul 
fi^. liJhi., and fi-j. l.'J. 1 1. in p. ]G()j. 

1497 



The wavv-/rm/ Willow. 

\. iiii'ti'lt'itfi Klirh. Hcytr. 

^ 7/i-!i\ /.. -i i liritain fig. 2. in y s. .v,,. nv. Tivv. <>:,>. r.ot. 

'.,. - 7;;;;;;;:.;> . . i 7 

'J unduliita Furors, r ^ 

:; lancrolata Xmilli. 1 & 

-1 Having t!u- catkins androgy- 



o. Llinibcrt/V///'/ Sai. -J l ; ,ni:'.and fin. '>. 

in p. Kiir;. - - J-!!^ nous f ^ 

I - !:ili ^ t '--" / ' /; ":/ ; ' ; K / ^^J'!!!, 1 1 I- //ip|)c)[,hii;-tolia Tlntlll 

1 \VooIlliar/V/M liorr. ^ Kllgland flj:. I. Tin- Sca-Hiicktlioni-l<av.-l 



1498 



!-j. trinndra L. * ^ Britain fiii. MV7., 
and fi-_r. \;>. in p. 1G<>:>. - - 1 198 
i Forb\v/;/ Sin. -i. l-'.n-'.aiid fiL r . 5. in Tin- tliriu-'>taini'in-il-//Mvm/ Wilhiw. or OsiVr. 

-. , , 111*--' S - 'iiiii/r'i'il'ii"- l>t:i-t(>j. Koch Coinni. 

Var'n-tli-*. '. "i 

'I 1 Tlu- I'.vnch willow i t 1499 
S. iriantlrn Curt. Fl. Lond. 

ii. rul.ra ////^. - V liritain fi.ir.0.ini ^' Hu', u''''^/"'^ 'v'^' - 1 500 

.'. \\ill-v . "/' <i*i- ' ^ ''n'' '.','!.''!''! !'/"v,, /'/ 



I'lirjiiin-irofir/iirli I'lnnt* lun-t' ln< n } :. 1 1< ijiniann/'///^ S,n. -i liritain fii:. IG. 
i,,trnilurfd y itut mil tlwrilu-ii. \-\\t\\ in |>. 1 (ilHi. - - l.i(H) 



i;,,. Villar^w/w Fliijisc i-t Willd. V ])an- 
pliinr fii:. 17. in p. KiOG. - 1502 
Villar'fi Willow.-;- Ot.icr. 

S. irn'i.iilrn Villars Dclji): 

S :\mi/i'.iinliiin nir. Koch Corrmi. 



CONTENTS. 



CX111 



A pp. i. Triandrce of which there fire 

in the Country not ifrsrrlbrd. 1502 
S. tenuiftlia Lodd. Cat. and G. not of Sm. 
App. ii. Tridnflrte described, but not yd in- 
troduced, or of doubtful Identity with Species 
in the Country. ... 1502 

S. spectjjbilis, mas et fern., Host Sal. 
S. semperflOrens, mas et ftm., Hatt Sal. 
S. tenuiflora, mas et fern., Hoit Sal. 
N. vt>ni'i>ta, mas ct fein., Hurt Sul. 
S. varia, mas et fern., Hatt Sal. 
S. '/.nyiidalina, mas et fern., Host Sal. 
S. /igiistrina, mas et fern., Host Sal. 
S. speci6sa, mas et fern., Hott Sal. 

Group iv. Pentandrce Borrer. 1503 
Trees, having Flowers tcith 35 Stamens. 

16. pentandra //. % Britain fig. 1299.a, 

Iand fig. 34. in p. 1610. - 1503 
The five-stamened-yfowmW Willow. 
S. pcntandra, part of, Koch Comm. 
The sweet Willow, Buy-leaved Willow. 
Variety - 1503 

2 hermaphroditica 5f 
S. hermaphroditica L. 

17. Meyeriana Willd. Pomerania 

f. 1300., and f. 33. in p. 16 10. 1504 

Meyer's Willow. 

S. cuspiddta Schnltz. 

S. thictbria Sm. in Kees's Cycl. 

S. pentdndra /3 L. 

S. hexdndra Ehrh. 

S. Ehrhartiana. Sm. in Rees's Cycl. 

S. tetrdndra Willd. 

18. liicida Muhlenb. North America 

f. 1301., and f. 32. in p. 1610. 1504 

The shining- leaved Willow. 

S. Forbesii Swt. Hort. Brit. 



Group v. Frag iles Borrer. 1507 
Trees, with their Twigs mostly brittle at the Joints. 

19. babylonica L. Asia pi. 256. fig. 22. 
in p. 1607. - 1507 

The Babylonian, or Weeping, Willow. 
S. proptndcns Serinp. Sal. Helv. 
S. orientals, 8fC., Tourn. 
S. arnbica, fyc., C. Bauh. 
Saulepleurcur, Parasoldu grand Seigneur, 

Fr. 
Traucr Wcide, Thranen Weide, Ger. 

Varieties - - 1513 

1 vulgaris fem. Hort. % 

2 Napoleona Hort. 

3 crispa Hort. pi. 257. fig. 21. 

in p. 1606. 

-_'(). decipiens Hoffm. % Britain pi. 258. 
f. 1309., and f.29. in p. 1609. 1515 
The deceptive, W kite Welch, or varnished, \\ il- 
low. 

S. americanu Walker's Essays. 
S. fragilis, part of, Koch Coinm. 



21. montana Forbes * 
fip. 19. in p. 1606. 

The Mountain Willow. 



Switzerland 
- 1515 



>>. fragilis L. Britain fig. 1310., and 
fig; 27. in p. 1606. - - 1516 

The brittle-//>ffd, or Crack, Willow. 
H.j'riigflis, in part, Koch Comm. 

^.'J. nionspeliensis Forbes, i at Montpe- 
lier fig. 30. in p. 1609. - 1517 

The Montpelior Willow. 

? S. fragilis var. Borr. in a letter. 

24. Russelh7*a Sro. Britain fig. 1311., 
and fig. 28. in p. 1608. - 1517 

The Russell, or Duke of Bedford's, Willow. 
? S. fragilis Woodv. 
The Dishley or Leicestershire, Willow ; the 

Huntingdon Willow. 
S. ptndula Ser. Sal. Helv. 
S. viridis Fries Nov. 
S. riibens Schrank Baier. Fl. 



Varieties 



- 1521 



25. Purshidna Borrer. *t N. Amer. 1522 

Pursh's Willow. 

S. amblgua Pursh, Sm., Forbes, Hook. 



App. 



. Fragiles introduced, but not yet de- 
scribed, or of doubtful Identity. 1522 



S. adsee"ndens Donald's Nursery. 

S. bigemmis Lodd. Cat. 

S. decfpiens, fern., Lodd. Cat. 

S. fragilis L,xld. Cat. 

S. murlna Lodd. Cat. 

S. riibra G. Lodd. 



App. ii. Fragiles described, but not yet in- 
troduced, or of doubtful Identity with in- 
troduced Species. - 1522 



S. frapilis mas et fem., Hott Sal. 
S. fragilior, mas et fem., Host Sal. 
S. fraplissima, mas et fem., Hort Sal. 
Host Svn. 



S. palustris, mas et fem., Host Sal. 

S. capensis Thunb. Fl. Cap. 

S. subserrrita Willd. Up. PI. 

S. Saftaf ba'lledi Forsk. Cat. PI. 



Group vi. A'lbce Borrer. 1522 

Trees of the largest Size, with the Aspect of the 
Foliage whitish. 

26. alba. * Europe pi. 259, 260. f. 1314, 
1315., and f. 136. in p. 1629. 1522 

The whitish-leaved, or common white, Willcv . 
S. alba, part of, Koch Comm. 
The Huntingdon, or Swallow -tailed, Wil- 
low. 



- - 1523 
fig. 137. in p. 1629. 



Varieties 
2 canrulea 
Blue Willow. 

S. alba var. Sm. Fl. Br. 

S. ccerulea Sm. Eng. Bot. 

S. Mba /3 Sm. Eng. Fl. 

The upland, or red-twigged, Wil 

low, Pontey. 
The Leicester Willow, Davy's Agr. 

Chem. 

? 3 crispa - - 1525 

4 rosea Lodd. Cat. % 

27. vitellina L. Z Britain pi. 261. fig. 20. 
in p. 1606. - - - 1528 

The yolk-of-egg-coloured, or ye llow, Willow, or 
Golden Osier. 

S. dlba Koch Comm. 

Variety % - 1528 

With reddish branchlots, Sm 



CX1V 



CONTENTS. 



Page 



App. i. A' line tlnscribed, but which, probably, 
have not been introduced into Britain. 1528 



'. excelsior Host Sal. 



Group vii. Nlgra:. & - 1529 

Extra-European Kinds allied to the Kinds of one or 
all of the three preceding Groups. 



28. nigra M'dhUnb. 
' 



N. America fig. 152 
- 1529* 



in p. 1630. 

The black, or dark-branched American, Willow. 
S. carolini'iiia Michx. 
S. pentdndra Walt. 
S. vulgdris Clayt. Fl. Virg. 

29. Humboldtmna Willd. & Peru fig. 8. 

in p. 1604. - 1529 

Humboldt's Willow. 

30. Bonplandiaraa Humb. et Bonpl. & ? t 

Mexico fig. 9. in p. 1604. - 1529 

Bonpland's WUlow. 

App. i. Nigrce described, but not yet intro- 
duced. - - 1530 

S. /ijjiistrina Michx. North America. 
s. occidentaUl Base. Isle of Cuba. 
S. octandra Sieb. Egypt. 

Group viii. Prinotdes Borrer. 3k *t 1530 

Shrubs, mostly Natives of North America, and used 
in Basket-making 

31. ri^ida Muhlenb. ^ North America 

fig. 141. in p. 1630. - - 1530 

The stiff-leaved Willow. 
S. cordtita Michx. 
S. cordijolia Herbs. Banks. MSS. 

32. imnoides Pursh. ^ i North America 

f. 1317., and f.40. in p. 1612. 1530 

The Prinos-like Willow. 

33. discolor Muhlenb. & North America 

fig. 147. in p. 1630. - - 1530 

The two-coloured WUlow. 

34. angustata Pursh. '& N. America 1531 

The narrowed, or tapered-leavcd, Willow 

35. conformis Forbes. & North America 

fig. 24. in p. 1607. - - 153 

The uniform-towed Willow. 



Group ix. Grisea Borrer. 1 & j -* ^ 153 
Chiefly Shrubs, Natives of North America. 

36. virescens Forbes. & Switzerland 
f. 1318., and f. 7. in p. 1604. 153 

The greenish-leaved Willow, or verdant Osier. 



S. hippophacffilia Lodd. 



37. reflexa Forbes. 



North Am eric 



fig. 94. in p. 1619. - 

The re&exeA-catkincd Willow. 



- 153 



38. virgata Forbes. J* North Americ 
Bg.l2.inp. 1605. - - 153 

The twiggy Willow. 



Page 

9. Lyonw ? Schl. '& Switzerland fig. 10. 
in p. 1604. - - - 1532 

Lyon's Willow. 

0. Houston/ana Pursh. & Virginia and 
Carolina fig. 11. in p. 1604. 1532 

Houston's Willow. 

S. tristis Lodd. Cat. 



1. falcata Pursh. & 
in p. 1630. 

The SicUe-lein-ed Willo 



N. America fig. 148. 
- - - 1533 



MUhlenb. 
si/lvunicii Forbes. 



2. grisea Willd. St Pennsylvania - 1533 

The grey Willo 
S."w. 
? S. jit 

Variety & - - 1533 

2glabra 3 

43. petiolaris Sm. & Scotland fig. 1319., 

and fig. 23. in p. 1607. - 1533 

The tong-petiolated Willow. 
S. grisea Willd. 
S. grisea var. /3 subglabruta Koch Comm. 

44. pennsylvanica Forbes. & ? N. America 

fig. 95. in p. 1620. - - 1534 

The Pennsylvanian Willow. 
? S. petiolaris Sm. 
? S. grisea Willd. 
? S. pedicellaris Spreng. Syst, Pursh. 

5. Mublenbergiana Willd. -* Pennsylvania 
fig 145. in p. 1630. - - 1534 

Muhlenberg's, or the brown American, Willow. 
S. nl^na Walt. 
S. incitna Michx. 
S.Jliiva Schoepf. 
S. tristit Muhlenb. 

46. tristis Ait. Jf North America fig. 150. 



- 1534 

an, Willow. 

North America 



in p. 1630. 

The sad, or narrow-leaved Ameri 

47. cordata MUhlenb. & 
fig. 142. in p. 1630. 

The hem-leaved Willow. 



Group x. Rosmarinifulia: Borrer. 1535 



Low Shrubs, with narrow Leaves. 

48. rosmarinifolia L. * North America 

f. 1320., and f. 87. in p. 1618. 1535 

The Rosemary-leaved Willow. 

S. rosmarin(ft>lia,partof, Koch Comm. 

49. angustifolia Borrer, Hook., ? Wulf. ^ -* 

Scotland fig. 1321., and fig. 86. in 
p. 1618. - - 1535 

The narrow-leaved Willow. 
S. arbuscula Sm. 
S. rosmarinifolia at Koch Comm. 
S. incubacea L. 

50. decumbens Forbes. Jc ? Switzerland 

- 1536 



fig. 88. in p. 1618. 

e decumbent Willow. 



The 
51. fuscata Piirsli. 'i North America 

Tlie rfnrAr-hrown-fcrrinrAcrf Willow. 



CONTENTS. 



P.-.KI- 

Group xi. /'>( Uorivr. * j -* 1536' 
Mostly procumbent Shrubs. 

in sea L. Jc fig. 83. in p. 1618. 1536 

The brown Willow. 
S. ripens Hook. 
S. ri-pens Koch, par* o/, Koch Comm. 

Varieties j* Jc 1537 

1 vulgaris j* Britain fig. 83. in 
p. 1618. 

var. a. Hook. 
S.fusca Sm. 

S. ripens Koch >3 Koch Comm. 
"2 repens -* Britain fig. 84. in 

p. 1618. 
var. ft Hook. 
S. repens L. 
S. repens Koch , Koch Comm. 

3 prostrata -* Britain fig. 82. in 

p. 1618. 
var. y Hook. 
S. prostruta Sm. 

4 fce'tida Jc 

far. S Hook. 
S./a/teta Sm. 

? Subvarieties ~ 
S. adscendens .Sm. /?n#-. Birf. -* Britain. 

tifc 80. in p. 161S. 

S./oW/i, rxclurice of ft, Sm. En K . Fl. 
S. riptiu Koch far. Koch Comm. 
S. iiarvifiilia Sm. En. Hat. ~& Britain. 

fig. SI. in i). KJ1S. 
S.fcc'lUaft Sm. Eng. Fl. 
s. iTi>fnt Koch rtir. Koch Comm. 

5 incubacea 3fe England fig. 79. 

in p. 1618. 
S. incubacea L. 

6 argentca -* England fig. 78. in 

p. 1618. 
S. argentea Sm. 
S. ripens Koch y Koch Comm. 

53. Donidna Sin. * Britain fig. 1322., 
and fig. 85. in p. 1618. - 1540 
Don's, or the rusty-branched, W 7 illow. 

Group xii. Amligua Borrer. & jot jk 1540 
Shrubs. 

> ! . ainbfgua Ehrh. Borrer. a jt Engl. 1540 
The ambiguous Willow. 

S. ambigua Koch, part of, Koch Comm. 

Varieties 
1 vulgaris Jt* 



J Jt 






- 1541 



if>;iir Borrt'r. 
S. MN6JVMM /S Hook. 
Wta St-rinj;. 
,lelaSuute. 

3 spathula' i dfe 

rr. rtmilhuUtta Boner. 
S. <mi/>f>ru<i y Hook. 
S. tputhulata Wiild. 

4 undulata & 

r.r. unduHtit IJorr. 

S. ipathulbtu U'illcl., rui . uaJulatu ot I'lo- 
fessor Mertens. 



finniarehica 



. ? 



The Finmark Willow. 

vcrsk\)lor Forbes. ? -* ? j 
luiul fig. 77. in p. 1618. 

The various-mlnm ol Willow. 



Fininark 
1541 

Swit/er- 
- 1541 



57. 

fu:. 70. in p. 10 is. 

The Aluternus-like Willow. 

58. prote<z/3/t Sehl. V 
fig. 75. in p. 1617. 
The Protea-leaved Willow. 



l'. !,.'< 

Switzerland 

- 1542 



Switzerland 
- - 1542 



Group xiii. lieliculdtce Borrer. * 1542 



59. retieulata L. -* England fig. 

and fig. 67. in p. 1616. - 1542 

The netted, or wrinkled, leaved Willow. 

A pp. i. ReticulutcE described, but not yet in- 
traduced. - - 1543 

S. vestlta Purth. Labrador. 



Group xiv. Glauc<E Borrer. 5f 3fc jt jk 1543 
Small, upright, with soft silky Leaves. 

60. claeagnoides Schleicher. & Europe 

fig. 69. in p. 1616. - - 1544 

The Elaeagnus-like Willow. 
S. elteagntfvlia Forbes. 
S. glauca var. Koch. 

61. glauca L. * Scotland fig. 1324., and 

fig. 68. in p. 1616. - - 1544 

The glaucous Mountain Willow. 
S. appendiculdta Fl. Dan. 

62. sericea Villars. * Switzerland fig. 74. 

in p. 1617. - - 1544 

The silky Willow. 

S. glauca Koch Comm. 
S. Lapponum Sm. 

63. Lapponum L. j* Lapland fig. 1325., 

and fig. 73. in p. 1617. - 1545 

The Laplanders' Willow. 
S. arenuria Fl. Dan. 

64. obtusifolia Wild. & Lapland 1545 

The blunt-leaved Willow. 

65. arenaria L. 

p. 1617. 

The sand Willow. 

S. limbsa Wahlenb. 

Variety & - 1546 

? leucophylla 3fe 

S. leucophylla Schl. 

66. obovata Pursh. Jc Labrador fig. 144. 

in p. 1630. - - - 1546 

The obovate-/eOt></, or Labradur, Willow. 

67. canescens WUld. ? j ? 3fc ? Germany 1546 

The greyish Willow. 

S~. linxua Wahlenb. var. Koch Comm. 

68. Stuartwwa Sm. * Scotland fig. 72. 

in p. 1617. - - 1546 

Stuart's, or the small-leaved shaggy, Willow. 
S. arenaria mascullna Sra. 
S. Lapponum Walker. 
S. limosa Wahlenb. var: foliis august io- 
ttbus luiieeoUltis Koch Comm. 



Scotland fig. 70. in 
- 1545 



Variety 



- 15-1' 



CXV1 



CONTENTS. 



69. pyrenaica Gouan. Jc Pyrenees 

The Pyrenean WUlow. 

Variety* 
2 ciliata Dec. -* 

S. pyrenaica ft ciluUa Dec. 

70. Waldsteimana Willd. 

Waldstein's Willow. 



1547 



1547 



Alps - 1547 



Group xv. Viminales Borrer. & *i 1547 

Willows and Osiers. Mostly Trees, or large Shrubs, 
with long pliant Branches, used for Basket-mak- 
ing. 

71. subalpina Forbes. * Switzerland 

fig. 93. in p. 1619 - - 1547 

The subalpine Willow. 

72. Candida Willd. & North America 

f. 1326., and f. 91. in p. 1619. 1548 



The 



rhitish Willow. 
Varieties 



- 1548 



73. incana Schranck. & ? Pyrenees, &c. 

f. 1327., and f. 90. in p. 1619. 1548 

The hoxry-leaved Willow, f or Osier. 
S. ripdria Willd., &c. 
S. lavandulfefblia Lapeyr., &c. 
S. angustifdlia Poir., &c. 
S. rosmarinifdlia Gouan, &c. 
S. vimindlis Vill. 

74. linearis Forbes, Sfe Switzerland 

f. 1328., and f.89.in p. 1619. 1549 

The linear-leaved Willow. 

? S. incdna var. linearis Borrer. 

75. viminalis L. ft England fig. 1329., 

and fig. 133. in p. 1629. - 1549 

The twiggy Willow, or common Osier. 
S. longifdlia Lara. 

Varieties - - 1550 

Bark of the branchlets brownish 

yellow. 

Bark of the branchlets dark brown. 
Velvet Osier. 

76. stipularis Sm. * 2 England fig. 132. 

in p. 1628. - 1550 

The stipuled, or auricled-leaved, Osier, or 
Willow. 

77. Smithiflwa Willd. ? England fig. 134. 

in p. 1629. - - - 1550 

Smith's Willow, or the silky-leaved Osier. 
S. molllssima Sm. 
S. acuminata, with narrower leaves, Koch 

Comm. 
S. acuminhtafi Lindl. Synops. 



78. mollissima Ehrh. 3: Germany 

The softest-nir/ocerf WUlow, or Otter. 
S. pitbtra Koch. 

79. holosericea Hook., ? Willd. 



1551 



t Ger- 
many - - 1551 

The velvety, or " soft-shaggy-flowered," Willow, 
or Osier. 

S. Smilh'iana rtigdsa Forbes. 

'f S. acumindta, the var. mentioned by 

Sm. in Eng. Fl. 

S. acumindta var. ruedsa Sm. MSS. 
? S. rubra Walker's Essays. 



80. Micheh'awa Forbes. 



p. 1629. 

Michel's Willow. 



Page 

$ fig. 135. in 
- 1552 



S. holosericea Willd. 

? S. holosericea var. Borrer. 

81. ferruginea Anderson. % Scotland 

fig. 128. in p. 1627. - 1552 

The ferruginous-feaved Sallow, or Willow. 

82. acuminata Sm. % England fig. 1330., 

and fig. 131. in p. 1628. - 1553 

The acuminated-feawed, or large-leaved, Salloio , 
or Willow. 

S. lanceoldta Seringe. 



App. 



Viminales in the Country, but not 
described. - - 1553 



S. trichocirpa. 



Group xvi. Cinerece Borrer. & * 1553 

Sallows Trees and Shrubs, with roundish shaggy 
Leaves, and thick Catkins. 

83. pallida Forbes. * Switzerland fig. 96. 

in p. 1620. - - 1555 

The pale Willow. 

84. Willdenovzawa Forbes, ft fig. 41. in 

p. 1613. - - 1555 

Willdenow's Willow. 

85. Pontederawa Willd. & Switzerland 

f. 1331., and f. 43. in p. 1613. 1555 

Pontedera's Willow. 

S. pnmt'la alplna nlgricans,J6lio oleagino 

serrdto Ponted. Comp. 
S. Pontederx Bettardi. 

86. macrostipulacea Forbes. *t Switzer- 

land fig. 130. in p. 1627 - 1557 

The large-stipuled Sallow. 

87. incanescens ? Schl. si 5: Switzerland 

fig. 120. in p. 1625. - 1557 

The whitish-feared Sallow. 

88. pannosa Forbes, m Switzerland 

fig. 123. in p. 1626. - -1557 

The cloth-leaved Sallow. 

? Variety - 1558 

Leaf, catkin, ovary, and bractea 
larger. 

89. mutabilis Forbes. Switzerland 1558 
The changeable Willow, or Sallow. 

90. cinerea L. t England fig. 1332., and 

fig. 125. in p. 1626. - 1558 

The grey Sallow, or Ash-coloured Willow. 
S. cinerea var. Koch Comm. 

Varieties - 1559 

1 With variegated leaves 3: 

2 

S. cintrea Sm., according to Koch. 

3 * 

S. aquutica Sm.accordingtoKoch. 

4 3 

S. i >/r//.',//ff Sm., according toKoch. 



CONTENTS. 



CXV11 



Pap 

91. aquatica Sm. * England fig. 127. in 

p. 1627. - 1559 

The Water Siiltou; or Willow. 

S. cinirru var. Koch Connn. 

92. oleifblia Sm. 3 England fig. 126. in 

p. 1626. - - 1559 

The Olive-leaved Willow, or Salloir. 
S. cinerca var. Koch Comiu. 

93. geminata Forbes. % ? Britain fig. 129. 

in p. 1627. - 1560 

The twin-catkin Sallow, or Willow. 

94. crispa Forbes, at fig. 42. in. p. 1613- 

1560 

The crisp-leaved Willow. 

95. aurita L. & England fig. 124. in 

p. 1626. - - - 1560 

The round-eared, or trailing Sallow, orWillow. 
S. uliginosa Willd. 
The trailing Sallow, Norfolk. 

Varieties & - - 1560 

S. cladostemma Hayne, according 
to Koch. & 

tmicrophylla Lodd. * 
S. caprea pumila, folio subro- 
tundo, subtus incano, Dill., 
according to Smith. 3fe 

96. latifolia Forbes. * fig. 118. in p. 1625. 

1561 

The broad-leaved Willow, or Sallow. 



97. caprea L. 4 Britain fig. 1333, 1334, 
1335., and fig. 122. in p. 1626. 1561 

The Goat- Willow, or the great round-leaved 
Sallow. 



98. sphacelata Sm. & Britain fig. 121. in 

p. 1625. - . - 1.563 

The withered pointed-leaved Willow, orSallow. 

Group xvii. Nigricdntes Borrer. 1 & Jt 1563 

Shrubs, with long Branches, or small Trees. Mostly 
Sallows. 

99. australis Forbes. & Switzerland 

fig. 103. in p. 1621. - - 1565 

The southern Sallow, or W r illow. 

100. vaude'nsis Forbes. & Switzerland 
fig. 117. in p. 1624. - - 1565 
The Vaudois Sallow, or Willow. 



101. grisophylla Forbes. & Switzerland 

fig. 119. in p. 1625. - 1565 

The grey-leaved Willow, or Sallow. 

102. lacustris Forbes. Sfc Switzerland 

fig. 116. in p. 1624. - - 1566 

The Lake Willow, or Sallow. 

103. crassifolia Forbes. tt fig. 115. in 



p. 1624. - 

The thick-leaved Willow, or Sallow. 



1566 



Page 

104. cotinifolia Sm. & Britain fig. 1336., 

and fig. 1 14. in p. 1624. ' - 1566 
The Cotinus, or Quince, leaved Sallow, or 
Willow. 

S. spadicea Vill. 
S. \>hylicifblia var. Koch Cornm. 

105. hirta Sm. & % Britain fig. 113. in 

p. 1623. - - 1567 

The hairy -branched Sallow, or Willow. 

S . picta Schl. is the fern, of S. hirta Forbes. 

106. rivularis Forbes. & Switzerland 

fig. 102. in p. 1621. - 1567 

The River Willow, or Sallow. 

107. atropurpurea Forbes. % Switzerland 

1567 

The da.rk-purple-branched Willow, or Sallow. 

108. coriacea Forbes. 3fc Switzerland 

fig. 112. in p. 1623. - 1568 

The coriaceous-leaved, or leathery, Willow, 
or Sallow. 

109. nfgricans Sm. & Britain, fig. 37. in 

p. 1611. - - - 1568 

The dark broad-leaved Willow. 
S.phyllicifdliapL. 

110. AndersomY/na Sni. * Scotland 

fig. 109. in p. 1623. - 1568 

Anderson's Willow, or the green Mountain 



Sallow. 

S. phyliayblia var. Koch. 
Varieties 



1569 



111. rfamascena Forbes. . 1569 
The Damson-^atx'd W T illow, or Salloir. 

S. damascenifblia Anderson MSS. 

S. phylicifolia L., a state of, Lindl. Syn. 

112. Ansonidna Forbes. & Switzerland 

fig. 107. in p. 1622. - - 1569 

Anson's Sallow, or W T illow. 

113. helvetica Forbes. & Switzerland 1570 

The Swiss Willow, or Sallow. 

114. flrma Forbes. St. fig. 106. in p. 1622. 

1570 

The firm-leaved Sallow, or Willow. 

115. carpinifolia Schl. & Germany 1570 
The Hornbeam -leaved Sallow, or Willow. 

116. rotundata Forbes, st % Switzerland 

fig. 1337. in p. 1572., and fig. 104. 
in p. 1621. . i 371 

The round-leaved Willow, or Sallow 
V S. rotundijblia Host. 

117. dura Forbes. fig. 105. in p. 1622 
The hardy Sallow, or Willow. 

118. Forstenawa Sm. A $ Britain fig. 1 10. 

in p. 1623. - . 1571 

The > glaucous Mountain Sallow, or Forster's 
Willow. 

S. phylicifolia var. Koch. 



CXV111 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

1 19. rupestris Donn. -* Scotland fig. 1 1 1. 

in p. 1623. - 1573 

The silky Rock Willow, or Sallow. 

120. tenuifolia L. & England fig. 50. in 

p. 1614. - . - 1573 

The thin-leaved Willow. 

S. arbuscula W T ahlenb. var. Koch. 
S. t. ofEng. Bot. is S. blcolor of Hook. 

? Variety - - - 1573 
With silky hairs on the upper 
half of the ovary, and towards 
the base of its stalk. 

121. propinqua Borr. <& t Britain 1574 

The nearly related, or fiat-leaved, upright, 
Mountain Willow. 

122. petrae^a Anders, ai Britain fig. 97. 

in p. 1620. - 1574 

The Rock- Sallow, or Willow. 
S. arbuscula Wahlenb. 

123. AmmannkVz Willd. % Alps 1575 

Ammann's Willow. 

124. atrovirens Forbes. & Switzerland 

fig. 108. in p. 1622. - 1575 

The dark-green Sallow, or Willow. 

125. strepida Forbes. & Switzerland 

fig. 100. in p. 1621. - 1575 

The creaking Willow, or Sallow. 

126. sordida Forbes. & Switzerland 

fig. 101. in p. 1621. - - 1576 

The sordid Sallow, or Willow. 

127. Schleicheriawa Forbes. & Switzer- 

land fig. 98. in p. 1620. - 1576 

Schleicher's Willow, or Sallow. 

128. grisonensis Forbes. % Grisons fig. 99. 

in p. 1620. - 1576 

The Grisons Sallow, or Willow. 

Group xviii. Bicolores Borrer. & Jt * 1577 

Bushy Shrubs, with Leaves dark green above, and 
glaucous beneath. 

129. tenuior Borrer. & Scotland 1577 
The narrower-feawd intermediate Willow. 

S. \aurina Sm., according to Sm. 

S. bicolor Sm. Eng. Bot., according to Sm. 

130. laxiflora Borrer. & Britain 1578 

The loose-catkined Willow. 

131. /aurina Sm. * Britain fig. 1338., 

and fig. 38. in p. 1612. - 1578 

The Laurel-feared, or shining dark green, 
Willow. 
S. bicolor Sm. 

S. arbuscula Wahlenb. var. Koch 
Comm. 

132. patens Forbes, flfc fig. 39. in p. 1612. 

1578 

The spreading~/;/-ancA<'d Willow. 



Page 

133. radicans Sm. -* Britain fig. 4(>. in 

p. 1614. - - 1579 

The rooting-branchcd Willow. 
S. phylicifdlia Lin. Fl. Lap. 
S. arbuscula W T ahlenb. var. Koch 
Comm. 

134. Borreria/wz Sm. *fe Scotland fig. 1339. 

1579 
Borrer's, or the dark upright, Willow. 

135. D&va\\iana Sm. Sfe Scotland fig. 47. 

in p. 1614. - - 1580 

Davall's Willow. 

S. Wrapla Walker. 
S. phylictfblia Willd. 
S.' thymelteoides Schl. 

Variety & - 1580 

S. DavalKana Sm., the Swiss 
kind. & 

136. tetrapla Sm. * Scotland fig. 49. in 

p. 1614. - - 1580 

The four-ranked Willow. 

137. ramifusca Forbes, afe Britain fig. 53. 

in p. 1615. - 1581 

The brown-branched Willow. 
? S. tetrapla mas Borrer. 

138. Forbesiawa & f.51. in p. 1615. 1581 

Forbes's Willow. 

S. Weigelis.ua. Forbes. 

139. Weigeliw Borr. & Scotland f. 1340., 

and f. 48. in p. 1614. - 1582 

Weigel's Willow. 

Variety - 1582 

Leaves more conspicuously toothed, 
rather silky when young ; the 
shoots more downy, and the 
ovary pube scent towards the 
point only. (2?orr.) 

140. nitens Anders. & Britain fig. 1341., 

and fig. 44. in p. 1613. - 1582 

The glittering-feared Willow. 

141. Croweana Sm. sit Scotland fig. 52. 

in p. 1615. - 1583 

Crowe's W T illow. 

S. arbuscula Wahlenb. var. Koch 

Comm. 
S. humilis Schl., fern, of S. Croweana 

Sm. 
?. helerophl/lla Host. 

142. bicolor Ehrh. & Britain fig. 54. in 

p. 1615. - - 1583 

The two-coloured Willow. 
S. tenuifolia Sm. 
S.ftoribunda Forbes. 
S. livida Wahlenb. 

143. /jhillyreifolia Borr. 3fe Scotland 1584 

The Phillyrea-leaved Willow. 

144. Dicksonwzwz Sm. J* Scotland fig. 55. 

in p. 1615. - 1584 

Dickson's Willow. 

S. myrtillb')des Sm., not of I,. 



CONTI 



CX1X 



Page 

Group xix. Vaccinnfolia Borr. >2j*uk 1585 
Snutll, and generally procumbent. Shrubs. 

fvacciniifolia Wnllu-.r. -* Scotland 

f. 1342., and f. 57. in p. 1615. 1585 
Tlu- \'.u-<-inium-leav^l \\ 
S. pnM&Bfto, furt ./, Koch Comm. 

146. carinata Sm. S& Scotland fig. 59. in 

p. 1615. - - - 1585 

The keeled, arfolded-leartd. Willow. 
S. \>ruitif,>lui, yart </, Koch Comm. 

147. ;>runifolia Sm. J* Scotland fig. 1615. 



( Plum-leaved Willow. 

S. yiyrsin'itcs Li<*litf., not of L. 

S. pruntfolia, part of, Koch Comm. 

Variety J* - - 1586 

stylo longidre Koch. j 
S. prunifdlia Ser. 
S.formbsa Willd. 
S.fce'tida Schl. 
S. alplna Sut. 



148. venulosa Sm. 
p. 1615. - 



Scotland fig. 56. in 
- . 1586 



The veiny-leaved Willow. 

S. prunifdlia, part qf, Koch Comm. 

149. cassia Villars. & Dauphin d fig. 66. 

in p. 1616. - 1586 

The grey-leaved Willow. 
S. myrtilloidcs Willd. 
S.prostrata Ehrh. 

Group xx. Myrtilloides Borrer. j* 1587 
Small Bilberry-like Shrubs, not Natives of Britain. 

150. myrtilloides Z,. jt Poland, &c. f. 1343. 



The Myrtillus-like, or Bilberry-leaved Willow. 
S. tfegatu Besser. 



1587 



151. pedicellaris Pursh. Jt Catskill Moun- 

tains - - 1587 

The fontf-stalked-cnp/u/ed Willow. 

152. planifolia Pursh. -** Labrador 1587 

The flat -leaved Labrador Willow. 

Group xxi. Myrsinttes Borrer. j* Jc 1587 
Small bushy Shrubs. 

1 53. M$ Tsinites L. j* Scotland fig. 1344. 

1588 

The Whortleberry-/<w<v/ Willow. 
s. Mynftdtetft Sm. 
S. arbvti/blia Willd. 
? S. Mar/wiAidna Margillivray. 
S. My rsinites Koch, part of, Koch 

Comm. 
S. diibia Suter. 

154. /;etulifolia Forstcr. j* Britain f. 1345., 

and f. 60. in p. 1615. - 1588 

The rf;<w/ Birch-leaved Willow. 

s. M//rsm}tes Sm. Koch, part of, Koch 
Comm. 

155. procumbens Forbes. -* Scotland 

fig. 61. in p. 1615. - 1588 

The procumbent Willow. 
S. lafvit Hook. 
S. rclitsa Wither. 



j 

156. rctusa //. Jc Alps fig. 134(5., and 
fig. 139. in p. 1630. - 1589 



The retuse-A 



Willow. 



-.v Koch, part of, Koch Comm. 
s. terpyOtfbOa Jacq. 

? Varieties - - - 1589 
? S. Kitaibcliana Scop. 
? S. tPva-ursi Scop. 
? S. serpyllifolia Scop. 

157. Kitaibeliawrt Willd. -* Carpathian 

Mountains f. 64. in p. 1616. 1589 

Kitaibel's Willow. 

S. retusa Koch, /3 major Koch Comm. 
? S. ITva-ursi Pursh. 
? S. retusa var. L. 

158. UVa-ursi Pursh. j* Labrador fig. I r = ! 

in p. 1630. - - 1590 

The Bearbenry-fca0ri Willow. 
? S. Kitaibetev* Willd. 
? S. retusa var. L. 

159. ^erpyllifolia Scop. -* France, &c. 

fig. 1347, 1348., and fig. 65. in 
p. 1616. - - - 1590 

The Wild- Thyme-leaved Willow. 

S. retusa Koch, y Koch Comm. 
S. retusa var. L. 

160. cordifolia Pursh. Jc Labrador fig. 143. 

in p. 1630. - 1590 

The heart-leaved Labrador Willow. 

Group xxii. Herbdcea Borrer. j* 159O 

Very low Shrubs, scarcely rising an Inch above the 
Ground. 

161. herbacea L. -** Britain fig. 1349., 

and fig. 62. in p. 1615. - 1590 

The herbaceous-foo/g Willow. 

? Varieties - - - 1591 

162. polaris Wahlenb. -** Lapland f. 1350, 

1351., and f. 63. in p. 1615. 1591 

The Polar Willow. 



Group xxiii. Hastatce Borrer. 3fc _* Jc 1592^ 

Low Shrubs, with very broad Leaves, <md CJT,;;(- 
ingly shaggy and silky Catkins. 

163. hastiita L. Sk Lapland fig. 1352., 
and fig. 35. in p. 1611. 

The halberd-Awrrf Willow. 

S. hastiita Koch, part of. 

Varieties & _ 

2 serruluta & 

S. hastiita Willd. 

3 mail folia i 

S. malifolia Sm. 

S. hastiita, part of, Koch. 

S. hastata Hook., Borr. 

4 arbuscula * ? j* fig. 1353., and 

fig. 138. in p. 1630. 
S. arbfiscula Walil. 
S. arbi'iscula /3 Lin. Fl. Suec 
S. arbuscula -y Lin. Sp. I'l. 



cxx 



CONTENTS. 



Page 


Pape 


164. lanata /,. * Lapland fig. 1354., and 
fig. 71. No. 2. in p. 1617 - 1593 


179. 


rerasifolia Schl. & - - 1597 

The Cherry-leaved Willow. 


The woolly -leaved Willow. 
S. lanhta, the kind No. 2., Forbes. 
S. lanata, at least part of, Koch Comm. 


180. 


chrysanthos (Ed. 3fe Finmark 1597 

The golden -flowered Norway Willow. 
? S. lanata var. 


? S. caprea Fl. Dan., t. 245 






? S. chrysunthos Fl. Dan., t. 1057. 


181. 


cinnamomea Schl. & Switzerland 1597 


Varieties, according to Koch 




The Cinnamon Willow. 


3t ^ - 1594 


182. 


clethrafolia Schl. & Switzerland 1597 


2 glabrescens 'M 




The Clethra-leaved Willow. 


S. chrysunthos Vahl Fl. Dan. 
3 glanduiosa Wahlenb. Fl. Lapp. & 


183. 


conifera Wangenh. & N. Amer. 1597 

The cone-bearing Willow. 


4 depolita Koch. ? ^k 




S. loiigirifitrii Michz. 


S. deprtesa Lin. Fl. Suec. 


184. 


coruscans Wilhl.. & Styria - 1597 






Tie glittering Willow. 


Group xxiv. Miscellanea A. ^ 3fe j* Jk 1594 




S. arbnscula Jacq., ? Wahlenb. 


ATiwrfs o/ S()/z.r described in Sal. Wob., and no* in- 


185. 


cydoniaefolia Schl. j* Switzerland 1597 


cluded in any of the preceding Groups. 




The Quince-leaved Willow. 


165. segyptiaca Z. Egypt fig. 14(5. in 


186. 


dubia Hort. jt ... 1597 

The doubtful Willow. 


p. 1630. - - 1594 






The Egyptian Willow. 


187. 


eriantha Schl j* Switzerland 1597 


Cote/and Ban, Alpin. jEgypt. 




The woolly -flowered Willow. 


166. alpina ? Forbes. ? ? dfe ? ja fig. 149. 


188. 


fagifoliaJF. et K. j* Croatian Alps 1597 


in p. 1630. - - - 1595 




The Beech-leaved Willow. 


The alpine Willow. 


189. 


finmarchica Lodd. Cat. Sweden 1598 


167. berberi folia Pall. -* Dauria fig. 1355., 




The Finmark Willow. 


and fig. 140. in p. 1630. - 1595 

The Berberry-leaved Willow. 


190. 


foliolosa AfzeL Jtt Lapland - 1598 

The many-leaved Willow. 


168. tetrasperma Roxb. *t India fig. 31. in 




? S.Jbliiwi Loud. Jlort. Brit. 
S. alpma myriijolia Rudb. 
S. arbtiscula ft L. 


p. 1609- - 1595 






The four-seeded Willow. 


191. 


Formosa mild. 3fe Swiss Alps 1598 


169. jdmifolia Forbes. Switzerland 1595 




The elegant Willow. 
S. A'/arica Willd. 


The Elm-leaved Willow, or SaUorv. 




? S. alpnia Scop. 


170. villosa Forbes, j* Switzerland fig. 92. 


192. 


fuscata Pursh. j* New York - 1598 

The bravm-itetnmed Willow. 


in p. 1619. ... J595 






The villous-Jeawd Willow. 


193. 


glabrata Schl. & Switzerland - 1598 






The glabrous Willow. 


Croup xxv. Miscellanea B. & j* Jc 1596 

Kinds of Siih'x introduced, and of many of which 
there are Plants at Messrs. Loddiges's, but which 


194. 


heterophylla Deb. & Europe 1598 

The various-leaved Willow. 


we have not been able to refer to any of the pre- 


195. 


humilis Dec. j* - - 1598 


ceding Groups. 




The humble Willow. 


171. albescens Schl. A Switzerland 1596 

The whitish-/enw<i Willow. 


196. 


Jacquinii Host. -* Alps - 1598 

Jacquin's Willow. 


^ . sty lota K JJec. 




S.fiitca Jacq. 


172. alnifolia Host. 3k - - 1596 




S. alpina Scop. 
S. Jacquinwna Willd. 


The Aldtr-leaved Willow. 








197. 


livida Wahlenb. 31 - - 1598 


173. AmmanmYimz Willd. Salzburg 1596 




The !ivid-/ct!erf Willow. 
S. arhaciila f Lin. Fl. Suec. 


Ammanrt's Willow. 




? S. artniscula /3 Lin. Sp. PI. 


S. Myrsinttes HofFm. 
S. hastida Hopp., not of L. 




S. S/rA-eana Willd. 
? S./u/ioMa Afzel. 






S. mulif'iiliii Bess. 


174. angustata Pursh. New York 1596 

The tapered-fcaued American Willow. 




S. hlailor Ehrh. 
S. Kvida Hook. 


175. angustiftlia Wittd. & Near the Cas- 
pian Sea - 1596 

The narrow-leaved Caspian Willow. 


198. 


longifolia Mtihlenb. j Banks of the 
Susquebanna - 1599 

The long-leaved Willow. 


176. fcetulina Host. ? & - - 1596 


199. 


mespilifolia Schl. & Switzerland 1599 


The Birch-like Willow. 




The Mespilus-leaved Willow. 


177. candidula Host. ? & - -1596 


200. 


murina Sch'. $t Switzerland - 1599 


The whitish Willow. 




The Mouse Willow. 


178. canescens Lodd. ? & - - 1596 


201. 


myricoidt's Miihlenb. ^ N. Am. 1.599 


The hoary Willow. 




The M vrira.liki' \Vitto\v. 



( ONTENTS. 



CXX! 





Page 


_'(>_'. nervosa sdti. *. Switzerland - 1599 


i-.it.n Ilirfi. ifc 


Tin- ni-rvitl -lf,n-f<l Willow. 


v i in.-r. - nilgai. 
TlMuh-coIoorad i-.Ttii^u.i. Willow. 


ubtiisa I. hilt, st Switzerland - 1599 


.V. grandifolia Srr. Sal. Hrli: * 


The blunt-/<vtr(>f Willow. 


S. itiyul.i, -i* Scr. S.d. , 




/ nuftn* Link. 


204. obtusifolia Willd. '& Lapland 1599 

The obtuse-leaved Lapland Willow. 
S. foliia ttMthtgis, AT., Lin. Fl. Lapp. 


.S. divaricata I'.itl. -* Dauria. 
.v. hirMita Thnnli. & Cape of Good Hope. 
S. pedicellata Detf. ? ^ Harl.arv. 


>l>re,i ft I.in. Sp. PI. 


The stalked Barbary Sallow. 


S. OHea tylvtftlri*, AT., Kuild. 


S. Integra Thunb. Sii Japan. 
iThe t .iitire-/iir,/7,;.,i Willow. 


205. obtusi-serratis Schl. 3fe Switzerland 1599 | s.>irfnic r*n6. ] Japan. _ 


The obtusely -serrated -/rumf Willow. 


lt,,i, nago Aiijuki, Ka-iniiti-r. 
S. mucronata Thuiib. 3fe Cape of Good, Hope. 


206. pallescens Schl. & Switzerland 1599 

Tin.- pale Willow. 


i\ rhamnifolia Pall. -* Sitn-ria. 
S. yvmllu, /'. :liii onililnu, ftc., Gmel. 
.S. SerinjrivZwj (iaudin in Ser. Sal. Helv. & Switzerland. 


207. paludosa Link. & - 1600 


S. /,;,-,-,./, it,, SIT. Sal. t-xsicc., No. 7<>. 
S. Kriutlt'r'i:rt\;i >Vr. .v//. exticc., No. 42. 


The Marsh Willow. 


S. longif.iliu Schl. Cat. 


208. /jersieaefolia Hort. & 160O 


S. serrttina Pall. 3fc Y \Volga. 
S. i-dpreii y Lin. Sn. PI. 


The Peach-tree-leaved Willow. 


;.t,,M, Willd. 




S. G7ie//niana Willd. Sp. PI. 


209. pyrenaica Gouan. ~* Pyrenees 16OO 

The Pyrenean Willow. 


App. ii. Kinds of Sdlix figured or describt-il 


210. jpyritolia Schl. =Jfc Switzerland 1600 


in the Salictum Woburnense. - 1631 


The Pear-tree-leaved Willow. 




211. recurvata Pursh. & N. America. 1600 

The recurved-cu/yt/'netf Willow. 


App. iii. Koch's Arrangement of the Species 
of Sdlix indigenous to Europe , including, 


212. salviaefolia Lk. '& Portugal - 1600 

*The Sage-Ieaved Willow. 
S. p,Hla Seringe Sal. Helv. 


also, some extra- European Species, with re- 
ferences to the pages in this work, where each 
species is described. - - 1633 


S. olfif,./i,i Ser. Sal. eisicc. 




S. oletrfblia Vill. 




S. FlHUfU'itna H'l/W. 


App. iv. Kinds of Sdlix described in Host's 


213. Schraderiawa Willd. J* - - 1600 


Flora Austriaca, and figured in Host's 


Schrader's Willow. 


Salix. - - 1635 


S. ditcolor Schrad. 




214. septentrional is Host. & - 1600 


11. PO'PULUS Tourn. * 1454. 1636 


The northern Willow. 


THE POPLAR. 


215. silesiaca Willd. & Sweden, &c. 1601 


Peuplier. Fr. 
Pappel, Ger. 


The Silesian Willow. 


Pioppo, Ital. 


216. Starkeawa Willd. 36 Silesia - 1601 


Poplier, Dutch. 
Alamo, Span. 


Starke's Sallow, or tin Mar,h Si/esian Willow. 




217. tetrandra Host. 3k 1601 


1. alba L. % Europe pi. 262. f. 1507. 1638 


The four-stamened Willow. 


The white Poplar, or Abele Tree. 




P. dlba latifvlia Lob. 


218. fhymelaeoides Host, JBH - - 1601 

The Wild-Olive-like Willow. 


Pdpulus No. 1G34. Hall. Hist. 
P. major Mill. 




P. nivea Willd. 


219. Trevirana Lk. & - - 1601 


P. dlba nivea Mart. 


Treviranus's Willow. 


Leuke Dioscorides. 


220. velutina Willd. & 1601 


The great white Poplar, great Aspen, Ttutch 
Beech. 


The velvet Willow. 


Pe uplier blanc, Yprfau blanc.de llollandc. 




Franc Picard, Fr. ; Aubo, or Ai,ul>. n>. 


221. versifolia Sprena. -* - 1601 


in some Provinces. 


The twining-leaved w'illow. 


Weisse Pappel, Silber Pappel, Weitsc Aspe, 
Wcissaluer Baum, Ger. 


222. raccinioides Host, j* - igQl 


Abeelboom, Dutch. 


The Vaccinium-like Willow. 


Varieties - 1639 


223. Wakbteim'dna Willd. Croatian Alps 

WaliUtein's Willow. IfiOl 


2. (a.) canescens Sm. . Britain 


8. alpfatri* Host. 


pi. 268. fig. 1508. 1639 


224. Wulfenzawrt Willd. & Carinthia 1601 


The" grey, or common white, Poplar. 


\\'ulfon's \\"illow. 


P. alba Mill. 


S. Hattata var. Koch Comm. 


P. (tlbafoliis minoribm Ray. 


? S. phylicnfolitt AVulf. 


P. ulba folio miiidre Bauh. 




P. No. lG34/3Hall. Hist. 


App. i. Kinds of Sdlix described or recorded 


Peuplier grisaille, Fr. 


in Botanical Works, bi/t not introduced into 


Varieties * - 164O 


Britain, or not known by these Names in 


2 bybrida Bieb. Fl. Tour. 


British Gardens. - 1602 


P. dlba Bieb. 1. c.. 

? P. intermedia Mertens. 


> Arctica R. Br. 3t North America. 


P. a. crassifdlia Mertens. 


..rum RtVA. 3fe 


P. grisea I.odd. < 




O 



cxxn 



CONTENTS. 



3 oceri folia 5f 

P. KccrifMia Lodd. Cat. 
P. quercifdlia Hort. 
P. palmhta Hort. 

4 arembergica^ 

P. aremMrgica Lodd. Cat. 

5 belgica 5: 

P. Mlgica'LoM. Cat. 

6 candicans 3f 

P. cdndicajis Lodd. Cat. 

7 nivea 3f 

P. nfwfl Lodd. Cat. 

8 segyptiaca Hort. 3 

P. a. pullida Hort. 
Other Varieties. 

9 pcndula. ^ 

P. a. var.grdcila rumis pendvittiliu* Mir- 
tens. 

3. tn;mula jL. Europe 

pi. 264-. fig. 1509. 1645 
The trembYme-Ieaved Poplar, or Aspen. 
P. No. 1633. Hall. Hist. 
P. libyca Ray. 
P. h-gbrida Dod. 
P. wi^ra Trag. 
P. pendula Du Roi. 
Ze Tremble, Fr. 

7, Tremolo, Alberalla, Allerctto, Ital. 
Zrtfcr Pappcl, Espe, Gcr. 

Varieties X - - 1509 

1 monticola 3t 

P. monticola Mertens. 
? P. tremula L. 

2 parvifolia Mertens. * 

3 grandifolia Mertens. 

4 rotundifolia major Mertens. *t 

5 minor Mertens. *t 

6 oxyodonta 3 

P. oxyodonta Mertens. 

7 stricta 3t 

P. strlcta Mertens. 

8 pcndula pi. L'65. 

P. pendula Lodd. Cat. 

9 supina 

S. sup)na Lodd. Cat. 
1O laevigata It 

P. tevfgata Ait. 

4. (t.) trepida W r z/W. * North America 

fig. 1510. 1649 

The North American trembling-kaaed Poplar, 
or American Aspen. 

P. tremulotdes Michx. 

Canada 
1651 

The large-toothed-feared Poplar, or North Ame- 
rican large Aspen. 

Variety Z -1651 

2 pcndula Miehx. 

6. grae'ca Ait. 2 Greece 

pi. 266. fig. 1512. 1651 
The Grecian, or Athenian, Poplar. 

7. nigra L. t Europe pi. 267, 268/269. 

fig. 1513, 1514. 1652 

The black-barked, or common black, Poplar. 
P. No. 1632. Hall. Hist. 
,P. alba Trag. 
P. viminea Du Ham. 
Aigciros, Greek. 
Kabatf, Mdru Greek. 



5. (t.) grandidentata Michx. 



The old English Poplar, Suffolk. 

The Willow Poplar, Cambridgeshire. 

Water Poplar. 

Cotton Tree, fern, of P. nlgra so called at 

Bury St. Edmunds. 
Peuplier noir, Peuplier Hard, Osier blanc, 

Fr. 
Schwarze Pappel, Ger. 

Varieties - 1(552 

2 viridis Lindl 

P. viridis Lodd. Cat. 

3 salicifolia 3f 

P. salicifblia Lodd. Cat. 

8. (n.) canadensis Michx. 3f N.America 

fig. 1515. 1655 
The Canadian Poplar. 

P. leevigdta Willd., not of Hort. Kew. 
P. monilifera Hort. Par. 
Cotton Wood, Michx. 
Peuplier de Canada, Fr. 

9. (n.) ietulifolia Pursli. * Banks of the 

Hudson - fig. 1516. 1C56 

The Birch-leaved Poplar. 
P. nlgra Michx. Fl. 
P. hudsonica Michx. Arb. 
P. hudsoniana Bosc. 
American Black Poplar, Amer. 
Peuplier de la Bate d' Hudson, Fr. . 

10. monilffera Ait. % ? Canada 

pi. 270, 271, 272. fig. 1517. 1657 
The Necklace-bearing, or black Italian, Poplar. 

P. virginiana L. 

P. glandulosa Mcench Moth. 

P. carolinensis Mcench Weissenst. 

P. nlgra itdlica Lodd. Cat. 

P. nlgra americdna Lodd. Cat. 

P. acladesca Lindl. 

? P. marylundica Bosc. 

Virginian Poplar, Swiss Poplar, Trtnrt- 
dfan, or Berry -b/'aring, Povfar, Mill. 

Peuplier Suissc, 1't'itplicr l, : iphilun, Peu- 
plier de Virginie, Dumont. 

Varieties - 1G57 

2 LindleyaiJrt Booth. ^ 

The. new waved-leaved Poplar, 
Hort. 

3 foliis variegatis Hort. ^t 

11. fastigiata * Italy 

pi. 273. fig. 1519,1520. 1660 

The fastigiate, or Lombard^, Poplar. 
P. dilatiita Ait. 
P. nlgra itdlica Du Roi. 
P. itdlica Mcench Wcissenst. 
P. itdlica dilatata Willd. 
P. pyramidata Hon. 
P. pannf'mica Jacq. 
P. itdlica var. carolinensis Burgsdorf. 
Cypress Poplar, Turin Poplar, Po Pedlar, 

Peuplier d" Italic, Pcuplier pi/ra-niidal. 

Fr. 
Lombardische Pappel, Italianisclic 1'tt/i/n-/, 

Ger. 
Pioppo Cyprcsso^ Ital. 

12. anguluta Ait. % North America 

pi. 274, 275. fig. 1533. 1670 

The a.r\g\ed.-branched, or Carolina, Poplar. 
P. angulbsa Michx. 
P. heterophylla Du Roi. 
P. macrophylla Lodd. Cat. 
P. balsamifera Mill. 
Mississippi Cotton Tree, Amer. 

Varieties 5! - - 1G71 

2 nova Andibert. ^t 
:', MtuliiM Booth. 



CONTENTS. 



CXX111 



13. hcterophyllaZ,. * N. Am. f. KVM-. 16 

The various-sAflj/ivMeavcd Poplar Tree. 

1'. in<igna,fi>liis aiHjitia, aliiscoi'diformibns, 
aliis subrotundif, prinwribus toittt'itlosis, 

PGron. 
P. cordifolia Burpsdorf. 
P. argent ca Michx. 
Cotton Tree, Michx. N. A. S. 

11. balsamifera L. North America 

pi. 276. fig. 1535, 1536. 1673 

Thebalsam-hearinir.Poplar.or Tacamahac Tree. 
r. TaonuMca Mill. 
The Tacamahac, Amer. 

/.( lid H Mil'!', Fr. 

]'<-ii]>licr Hard, Tacamahac, in Canada. 
Balsam Pappel, Ger. 

Varieties - 1673 

2 viminalis g Altai. 

P. viminalis Lodd. Cat. 
P. salicifdlia Hort. 
P. loHgffblia Fischer. 

3 latifolia Hort. 

4 intermedia Hort. *i Dahuria 
suaveolens 5f 

P. suaveolens Fischer, and Lodd. 

Cat. 
6 foliis variegatis Mill, 

candicans Ait. * North America 

pi. 277. fig. 1557. 1676 
The whitish-fcavetf balsam-bearing, or Ontario, 
Poplar. 

P. mncro))hyUa Lindl. 

P. latifdlia HOBQCb Meth. 

P. ontariensis Desf. 

P. corduta Lodd. Cat. 

P. canudtnsis Mcench Weisscnst., not of 

Michx. 

Balm of Gilead Tree, Boston. 
Pcupiicr Hard, Canada. 
Pcupiicr a Fcuillcs vcrnissecs, Fr. 



TSetuldcece. 






- 1677 
- 1677 



LNUS Tourn. X 
THE ALDER. 

Y.i'litliE Species L. 
Aunc, Fr 
Eric, Ger. 
Ontano, Ital. 
Aliso, Span. 

glutinosa Gartn. *t Europe 

pi. 278. fig. 1538. 1678 
The glutinous, or common, Alder. 

\\,'tnlns .\'hius L. 

\\{'tnla ewarginata Ehrh. 

A'lnus Kay. 

Aunc, Fr. 

CicHichtc ICtse, Elser, Schwartz Erie, Ger. 

Eisenboom, Dutch. 

Alno, Ontano, Ital. 

Aliso, Alamo nfgro, Span. 

Varieties 5! - 1G78 

2 emarginata Willd. *t 
S laciniata JCiVW. 5f 

A. g. incisa Hort. fig. 1538. 

4 (/uercifolia JFiVW. 1 

5 oxyacanthaefolia fig. 1539. 

A. nxyacnnthcpfdia Lodd. Cat. 

6 macrocarpa 

A. tnacroci'irpa Lodd. Cat. 

7 foliis variegatis Hurt, t 
Other Varieties. 



Pa B e 

2. (ii.) oblongata Willd. & % Hungary 

1687 

The oblong-A'flwrd Aldor. 

A'ln?ts fal. oblong., ffC., Bauh. 
A.fol. ovato-lanccol., SfC., Mill. 
Langliche Else, Ger. 

Variety S 5f - - 1687 

2 foliis ellipticis Ait. 3fc 
A. pumila Lodd. Cat. 

3. incana Willd. * N. Am. f. 1543. 1687 
The hoary-/t'ard Alder. 

" "--- A'lnus var. incana L. Sp. PI. 
incana L. Supp. 

,..j 3 incano, SfC., Bauh. 

Betula viridis Vill. 

Wcisse Erie, 'Grave Else, Weisse EUer, 
Ger. 

Varieties - - 1688 

2 laciniata Lodd. Cat. It 

3 glauca 3 

A. glauca Michx. 

Rt!/ula incana var. glauca Ait. 

Black Alder, Amer. 

4 angulata Ait. * 

Other Varieties. 
? 1. 

A. americana Lodd. Cat. 
? 2. 

A. canade'nsis Lodd. Cat. 

A. rubra Lodd. Cat. 

4. serrulata Willd. a North America 

fig. 1544. 1688 

The &&w-lcaved Alder. 

'Rttula serrulata Ait. 
TZtttula rugdsa Ehrh. 
? A. americana Lodd. Cat. 
? A. canadensis Lodd. Cat. 
Common Aider, Amer. 
Hazel-leaved Alder. 

5. undulata Wittd. & Canada - 1689 

The vra.ve&-leaved Alder. 
Betula crlspa Ait. 
Be'/w/rt A'lnus var. crlspa Michx. 
A. crtspa Pursh. 

6. cordifolia Lodd. * Calabria 

pi. 281. fig. 1545. 1689 

The heart-leaved Alder. 
A. cordata Tenore. 

7. viridis Dec. & Hungary f. 1546. 168 

The green-leaved Alder. 

A. ovata Lodd. Bot. Cab. 
A . fruticbsa S chm idt . 
Bltoto ovata Schrank. 
TSetula A' Ino-Ketube Ehrh. 
Uetula viridis Hort. 

App. i. Other Species of A'lnus. 1690 

A. obtusif&Ha Rat/lc. Banks of the Jumna. 
^.elonfiataKo^. Cashmere. 



II. tfE'TULA Town. * % 
THE BIRCH. 

Jionlcau, Fr. 

Bdula, Ital. 

Abedul, Span. 

Bctitlla, Port. 

Birle, Gi>r. 

7>VrA, Hutch. 

L'/VA-, Danish and St-otch. 

Biork, Brk, Swedish. 

Serena, Russian. 

Brxvza, Polish. 

o 2 



- 1690 



CXX1V 



CONTENTS. 



Leaves small. Natives chief.y of Europe. 

1. alba. t Europe f. 1547. 1550. 1691 

The white, or common, Birch. 
B. pubesccns Ehrh. 
Kitula Ray. 
B. ii'tnensis Rafin. 
Bouleau commun, Fr. 
Gemeine Birke, Gr. 

Varieties Z - - 1691 

2 pendula Sm. pi. 282. 
The weeping Birch. 
B. pendula Roth. 
B. vcrrucbsa Ehrh. 
B. pcndulis vlrgulis Loes. 
:3 pubescens 3f fig. 1548. 
B. pubesccns Ehrh. 

4 pontica 5? % 1549. 

B. pontica Lodd. Cat. 

5 wrticifolia * 

B. urticifolia Lodd. Cat. 

6 dalecarlica />. Supp. $ 

7 macrocarpa Willd. % 

8 foliis variegatis Dumviif. tit 

Other Varieties. 

2. daiirica Pall * * Dauria f. 155G. 1704 

The Daurian Birch. 

B. exctlsa canadcnsis Wang. 
Bouleau de Siberie, Fr. 

Variety & * - - 1705 

2 parvifolia & *E 

3. fruticosa Pall, afe Eastern Siberia, &c. 

fig. 1557. 1705 
The shrubby Birch. 

B. humilis Schrank. 

B. qucbeccensis Schrift. der Ges. Naturf. 

4. piimila L. & Canada fig. 1558. 1705 

The hairy dwarf Birch. 
B. iiana Kalm. 

5 nana . a Lapland, &c. f. 1559. 1705 

The dwarf Birch. 

B. nana Succorum Bromel. 

B. No. 259. Amm. Ruth. 

B. pal&stris piimila, $c., Cels. 

Variety 3fe - 1706 

2 stricta Lodd. Cat. & 



6. glandulosa Michx. & Canada - 1707 

The glandular Jranclted Birch. 

Leaves large. Natives qf North America. 

7. (a.) populifolia Ait. % North America 

pi. 283. fig. 1560. 1707 
The Poplar-leaved Birch. 
B. acumindta Ehrh. 
B. Unta Du Roi. 
White Birch and Oldfield Birch, Amer. 

Varieties Z - 1707 

2 laciniitta X 

B. laciniuta Lodd. Cat. 

3 pendula 

B. pendula Lodd. Cat. 

8. papyracea Ait. % North America 

pi. 284. fig. 1561. 1708 

The Paper Birch. 

B. papyrifera Michx. 

B. lanceolata Hort. 

B. riibra Lodd. Cat. 

B. canaddnsis Lodd. Cat. 

B. n)gra of the Paris Nurseries. 

Canoe Birch, White Birch, Amer. 



I'ajje 

Varieties $ - - 1708 

2 fiisca ^ Carolina. 

B. fAtca Bosc. 

3 trichoclada Hort. "jf 

4 platyphylla J/or/. $ 

9. nigra Z/. ^ North America 

pi. 285, 286. fig. 1562, 1563. 1710 

The black Birch. 

B. lanuldsa Michx. Fl. 
? B. riibra Michx. Arb. 
B. aneulata Lodd. Cat. 
Red Birch, Amer. 

10. excelsa //. Kcw. ^ North America 

fig. 1564, 1565. 1711 
The tall Birch. 

B. Ihtea Michx. 
V B. n\gra Du Roi. 
Yelloiu Birch, Amer. 

11. lentaZ. N. Amer. f. 1566. 1713 

The pliant Birch. 

B. carpinifolia Ehrh. 
B. iiigra Du Roi. 

Black Birch, Cherry Birch, Canada Birch, 
Street Birch, Mountain Mahogany, Amer. 
Bouleau Mdrisier, Fr. 



App. 



Species of Birch not yet introduced. 
1714 



/}. Bhojpiiffra \Vn\\. Kainaon. 
B. aciiniinata Walt. Nepal. 

/}. cvlimlrnstachva. Kamaon. 
II. resinlfcra. Kunawar. 



) or Cupuliferce. 1715 



I. QUE'RCUSL. * * j* 171 5. 1717 
THE OAK. 

lV<?x Tourn. 

Sitber Tourn. 

Derw, Celtic. 

Aaack, Ac, Saxon. 

Al, Alon, Allun, Hebrew. 

Drus, Greek. 

Chene, Fr. 

Eiche, Ger. 

Eik, Dutch. 

duercia, Ital. 

Encina, Span. 

A. Leaves deciduous. 
i. Ro&Mr. British Oaks. % 17:30, 17:31 

1. pedunculata Willd. % Britain 

pi. 287, 288, 289. fig. 1567. I5SI, 
1582. 1731. 1740 

The common, or peduncled, British Oak. 
Q. \\6bnr L. 

Q. R. pedunculatum Mart. 
Q.fcc'mina Roth. 
Q. racemdsa N. Du Ham. 
Q. cwM longo pendunculo Bauh. 
Q. UAncris Dalech. 
Qudrcus Fuchs. 
Q. navalis Burnet. 
CMnc blanc, Secondat. 
Chine a Grappcs, Cht'ncfcmcllc, G ravelin, 

Fr. 

,S7//-/ Eiclic, frith Eiche, Thai Eit 
Eiche, l\'ald Eiche, Ger. 



CONTENTS. 



CXXV 



I'nr'n-ties % - -1731 

pubi'scens l.nd,l. C'nt. 

3 tastigiata pi. 290. 

Q.fasligit'iett Lam. Diet. 

(}. )ii/raiidiilis llort. 

Cltiiie Cypres, Chine dcs 1'i/rcnvcs, 

4 penduia t fig. 1568. 
The weeping Oak. 

Q.pe'nifulii Lodd. fat. 
.-) heterophylla $ tig. 1560. 1570. 
Q. fnlicifdlia Hort. 
O,. luriHiiita Lodd. Cat. 
Q. filietfolia Hort. 
Q. 7v//;/. ; .v.vi //orf. 

6 foliis variegatis X,otW. Cetf. T 

7 purpurea 3f 

Q. purpurea Lodd. Cat. 

8 Hodginsw Lodd. Cat. 

9 dulcis. ^ 

CA^ne < Feuillcs cadit'iues, presque scssiles, 
Dralet. 

Other Varieties. 

>. sessiliflora ^a/. Britain pi. 291,292, 
293. fig. 1572, 1585, 1586 - 1736 
The sessile-flowered Oak. 
Q. llobur Willd. 
Q. R. var. sessile Mart. 
Q. sessilis Ehrh. 

Q. platyphyllos, mas ctfwm., Dalech. 
Q. latifolia mas,fyc., Bauh. 
Q. regalis Burnet. 
Chene male, Sccondat. 
Chestnut Oak, Bay Oak. 
Chene rourc or rouvre, Durclin, Fr. 
Stcinr Eiche, Gcjncinc Eiche, Spat Eiche, 
Winter Eiche, Durr Eiche, Both Eiche, 
Berg Eiche, Ger. 
Quercia vera, Ital. 
Roble, Span. 

Varieties - 1736 

2 pubescens fig. 1573. 
Q. s. var. /3 Sm. 
Q. pubescens Willd. 
Q. R. lanugindsnm Lam. Diet. 
The Durmast, Mart. Fl. Rust. 

Other J'ariefies - - 1737 

1 Le Chene a Trochets, or Chene 

a petits Glands, Bosc. 

2 Le Chene a Feuilles decoupc'es, 

Bosc. 

3 Le Chene laineux, or Chene des 

Collines, Hnsc 

4 Le Chene noiratre, Bosc. 

Mr. Bree's Varieties. - 1738 



aica Willd. 



Pyrenees 

fig. 1696. 1842 



The Pyrenean Oak. 

Q. Taii/.in Pers. 
Q. nigra Thore. 
(). T'.isa Bosc. 
Q. stolon>Jcra Lapcyr. 
Chine noir, Sccondat. 

Varieties - - 1844 

1 With large acorns, on pedun- 

cles, axillary and terminal, 
A 7 . Du Ham. 

2 With axillary acorns of a middle 

si 7.0, N. Du llntn. 



fj With small rtcorns, on long ra- 

cemes, A T . I)n Hani. 
Q. Tttftzin laciniftta Dcsvanx. 
d. Tauzin digitata Dcsvaux. 

4. apcnnina Lam. % Lyons fig. 1698. 1844 

The Aj>ennine Oak. 

(). eonglomerdta IVr-,. 
CMne liii-crnut, Fr. 

5. 'sculus L. * South of Europe 

pi. 294. fig. 1699, 1670. 1844 
The Esculus, or Italian, Oak. 

I'/idgns V.'ao/l/fx itKis ctfccm. Dalech. 
CMne grec, Fr. 

Varieties - 1845 

ii. Ctrris. Mossy-cupped, or Turkey, Oaks. 
1 1730. 1846 

6. 6'erris L. France 

pi. 295, 296, 297. fig. 1702. 1846 

The bitter, or mossy-cupped, Onk. 

Q. crinlta a and fa Lam. Diet. 

Q. Haltp/itafos Juss. 

Q. burgundlaca, &c., Bauh. 

Q. Ce'rris Pllnii, $c., Lob. 

Cerrus Dalech. 

The Turkey Oak, the Iron or Wainscot 

Oak. 

Chine Cerrfs, CMne de Bourgogne, Fr. 
Burgundische Eiche ; Cerr-eiche, Ger. 

Varieties *t - 1847 

* Foliage deciduous. 

a. Leaves pinnatijid or sinuatcd. Cups 
of the Acorns mossy. 

1 vulgaris * fig. 1702. 

Q. C.fronddsa Mill. 

Subvarieties ^ 

See fig. 1703, 1704, 1705, and 
1706. in p. 1846, 1847. 

2 pendula Neill. *t fig. 1 707. 
The pendulous, or weeping, Turkey 

Oak. 

3 variegata Lodd. Cat. 

b. Leaves dentate. Cups of the Acorns 
bristly. 

4 austriaca fig. 1708. pi. 298. 

Q. austriaca Willd. 

Q. Ce'rris Host, a. and ft No. 28. 

Q. crinita >y Cerris L. 

8. calycc f/Lspido,'$c., Bauh. 
errus Clus. 
Ctrriminvris rdmulus cum fiore, 

Ger. 

Ce'rris PKrni rninbre glande Lob. 
V.'gilops mindrc gldndc Dod. 
llaifphl&os Cerris fcc'mina Da- 
lech. 

5 cana major fig. 1709. 

Q. cdna mdjor Lodd. Cat. 

6 cana minor !t 

Q. cdna minor Lodd. Cat. 

7 Ragnal ^ 
The Ragnal Oak. 

Q. Ragnal Lodd. Cat. 

** Foliage subevergreen. Leaves dcntnlc. 
Acorns with bristly f/w. 

8 fulhamensis pi. 299, 300, 

301. fig. 1710, 1711. 
TheFulham Oak. 

Q. C. denlata \Vat>. 

Q. C. tiybrida ?; . dentuta Swt. 



CXXV1 



CONTENTS. 



9 Lucombena pi. 300. 303, 
3O4, 305. fig. 1712, 1713, 
1714. 

The Lucombe Oak. 
Q. LucombeHna. Suit. 
Q. exonidnsis Lodd. Cat. 
The Evergreen Turkey Oak, the 
Devonshire Oak, the Exeter Oak. 

*** Foliage evergreen, or very nearly so. 
Leaves varying from dentate to sinuate. 
Cups of the Acorns bristly. 

10 L. crispa 1 pi. 306. fig. 1715. 

1717. c, 1718. 
The new Lucombe Oak. 

Q. Lucombeana. crispa Hort. 

11 L. suberosa 1 fig. 1717a. 

Q. L. suberdsa Hort. 

12 L. incisa fig. 1717. 6. 

Q. L. incisa Hort. 
J3 L. dentata 1 fig. 1716. 

Q. L. dentata Hort. 
14 heterophylla 1 fig. 1719. 

Q. L. heterophylla Hort. 
Other Varieties. 
Q C. bullata. 
The blistered, or rough-leaved, Turkey 

Oak. 
Q. C. dentata pndula. 

7. ^'gilops L. % Greece, &c. 

pi. 307, 308. fig. 1721. 1861 

The ^Egilops, or Valonia, Oak. 
Q. orientalis, &c., Tourn. 
JE'gilops sive wrrus mds C. Bauh. 
VcTani Tourn. 
Glcins Ctrri Dalech. 
The Great Prickly-cupped Oak. 
Chine Vclani, Fr. 
Chcne Velanede, Bosc. 
Knoppcr Eiche, Ger. 

Varieties % - . 1862 

2 pendula 

3 latifolia Hort. 

iii. Alice. White American Oaks. 

1730. 1863 

8. alba L. * North America pi. 309. 

fig. 1722. a, 1723. 1726,1727. 1864 
The American white Oak. 
Q. alba virginiana Park. 
Q. a. pinnatjfida Walt. 
Q. palustris Marsh. 
Ch&ne lilanc de V Amtrique, Fr. 
Weisse Eiche, Ger. 

Varieties - 1864 

1 pinnatifida Michx. 3? f. 1723. a. 

Q. tilba Ban. 

Q. virginiana Catesb. 

Q. a. palustris Marsh. 

2 repanda McA*. 3f fig. 1723. fc, 

1724. 

9. olivaeformis Miclix. * Banks of the 

Hudson - fig. 1730. 1869 

The olive-8haped-/rwtted American Oak. 
The mossy-cupped Oak, Amer. 

10. macrocarpa WiM. United States 
pi. 310. fig. 1722.6,1731. 1869 
The large-fruited American Oak. 

The over-cup while Oak, Bur Oak, Amer. 
C/ienc a gros Glands, Chine f rise, Fr. 
Gross-fruchtigc Eiche, Ger. 



Page 

11. obtusiloba Michx. *t North America 

pi. 3 11. fig. 1732. 1722. c. 1870 

The blunt-lobed-/<aed, or Post, Oak. 
Q. stellata Willd. 

Iron Oak, Box white Oak, American Tur- 
key Oak, Upland white Oak, Amer. 

12. lyrata Walt. Z North America 

fig. 1733, 1734. 1871 
The lyrate, or over-cup, Oak. 

Swamp Post Oak, Water white Oak, Amer. 

iv. Prlnus. Chestnut Oaks. *t 1730. 1872 

13. Prinus L. Z North America 1872 
The Prinus, or Chestnut-leaved, Oak. 

Varieties. Z 

1 palustris Michx. Fl % pi. 312. 

fig. 1735. - 1872 
Q. P. palustris Michx. Syl. 
Q. Prlnos L. 

Q. castancatfdliis, Sfc., Pluk. 
The Swamp Chestnut Oak, the 
Chestnut white Oak. 

2 monticola Michx. Fl. Z pi. 3 13. 

fig. 1736. - - 1873 

Q. P. monticola Michx. fil. 
Q. montana Willd. 
Q. Prmws Sm. 
The^ Rock Chestnut Oak. 

3 acuminata Michx. FL f.1737. 

1875 

Q. P. acuminata Michx. fil. 
Q. Castanea Willd. 
The yellow Oak. 

4 pumila Michx. Fl. fig. 1738. 

1722. e. - 1875 

Q. P. Chinquapin Michx. fil. 
Q. Chinquapin Pursh. 
Q. prinoides Willd. 
The Chinquapin, or Dwarf Chest- 

nut, Oak. 

5 tomentosa Michx. Fl. * pi. 314. 

fig. 1722. <f, 1739. 1876 
Q. P. discolor Michx. fil. 
Q. bicolor Willd. 
Q. Michauxi Nult. 
The Swamp white Oak. 

v. Rubrcc. Red American Oaks. $ 

1730. 1877. 

14. riibra L. North America pi. 315, 

316, 317. fig. 1740. to 1744. 1877 

Pluk. 

Varieties - - 1877 

Q. rubra latifolia ft 
Q. riibra L. 
The Champion Oak. 
Q,. rubra montana 3f 
The mountain red Oak. 

15. coccfnea Willd. 3: South America 

pi. 318, 319. fig. 1746, 1747, 1748. 

1879 
The scarlet Oak. 

Q. riibra /S Ait. 

16. ambfgua Willd. North America 

pi. 320. fig. 1749. 1881 

The ambiguous, or #<//, Oak. 
Q. borcalis Michx. 



The red, or Champion, Oak. 

Q. E'sculi divisura, fyc., 



CONTENTS. 



CXXV11 



Page 

17. falcata Michx. North America 

fig. 1750, 1751. 1882 
The sickle-shaped, or Spanish, Oak. 
(j. discolor Ait. 
Q. elonguta Willcl. 
Q. lyrala Lodd. Cut. 
Q. cuneiita Wang. 
Q. /,-//Art Willd. 
77(i' downy-leaved Oak, 

18. tinctoria Jf "///</. North America 

pi. 321. fig. 1753, 1754-. 188 4 

The Quercitron, or Dyer's Oak. 
(J. rirtfinitijia. >S'C., Pluk. 
Q. ,//./> Willd. 
The black Oak, Amer. 
Chene lies Tcinturiers, Fr. 

Varieties - 1885 

1 angulosa MIC/J*. 2 f. 1753, 1754 

Q. nlgra Parsh. 
Q. americana Pluk. 
Q. velutrna Lam. Diet. 
Q. tinctoria Bart. 

2 sinuosa Michx. fig. 1755, 

1756, 1757. 
Q. ntgra Wang. 

19. palustris Willd. North America 

pi. 322. fig. 1758, 1759. 1887 

The Marsh, or Pin, Oak. 
Q. montuna Lodd. Cat. 
Q. Bantsten Lodd. Cat. 

20. Catcsb<e*t Willd. % North America 

fig. 1762, 1763. 1889 

The barren Scrub Oak. 

(). ri'bra /3 Abb. and Sm. 
Q. E'sculi divis:ira, $c., Cat. 

vi. Nigree. Black American Oaks. 3f 3& 
17 SO. 1890 

21. nigra . 2 North America 

fig. 1764, 1765. 1890 

The black Jack Oak. ' 

Q. maryidndfca, Sfc., Ray. 
Q.ferruf-hiea Michx. 
Q. aqudtica Lodd. Cat. 
Barrens Oak, Amcr. 

22. aquatica Soland. *t North America 

fig. 1767. 1892 
The Water Oak. 

Q.Jdlfis cuneifdrmilus, $c., Gron. 
Q. Julio non scrruto, $c., Cat. 
Q. nJfftti Willd. 
Q. uligindsa Wangh. 

Varieties 3f - 1892 

2 nana fig. 1767. 
The dwarf jagged Oak. 

Q. aquatica Sm. 
Q. a. clortgdta Ait. 
Q. dentuta Bart. 
Q. 7?^'w Willd. 

3 maritima Mic/i.r. 

Q. hemisphee' rica Willd. 

0//er Varieties. 
See fig. 1767, 1768. 

3. /licifolia H'angti. & North America 
fig. 1 770. 1893 

The Holly-leaved, or Bear, Oak. 
Q. Ranistcri Michx. 
? Q. aquiitii-a Abb. et Sm. 
/>/< Scrub Oak, Dwarf red Oak, Amor. 



24. heterophylla Michx. N. Amer. 1894 

The various-leaved, ,,r ISartram't, Oak. 

25. agrifolia Willd. ft North America 1894 

The prickly -leaved American Oak. 

vii. P/tullos. Willow Oaks. 1730. 1894 

26. Phellos L. *E North America 

pi. 323. fin. 1771. 1894 
The Willow Oak. 

Q. virginiana, 8fC., Pluk. 
Q. riex maryli'uidica Kay. 

Varieties *t ft - - 1895 

1 sylvaticus Michx. fig. 1774. 

2 latifolius Lodd. Cat. pi. 324. 

3 humilis Pursh. ft 

4 serfceus j* 

Q. WK-V/O* Sm. 

().' kvmOior MilicUfoKil Mi-im. 
The Highland Willow Oak. 
Q. sericea Willd. 
y. |)>ii/rt Mirhx. 
TAe running Oak. 

5 cindreus. V ft fig. 1773. 

(')! 1'! ^ ci'n^rrtw Ait. 

(J. ArVmi/M Walt. 

Q. ri/i^rfu Willcl. 

'VA. {/./</ Willow Oak. 

G maritimus Michx. 

Q. maritima Willd. 



27. (P.) /aurifolia Willd. t N. America 

fig. 1776. 1897 
The Laurel-leaved Oak. 

The Laurel Oak, Swamp Willow Oak. 

Variety 2 - - 1897 

2 hybrida Michx. $ fig- 1775. 
y. i. a. otoiwa Alt. 

28. imbricata JftV/rf. ^ North America 

fig. 1777. 1898 

The Shingle Oak. 

Q. latifulia Hort. 

Laurel Oak, Field- Cup Oak, Jack Oak, 

Mack Jack Oak, Amer. 
Chene d Latles, Fr. 

B. Leaves evergreen. 

viii. Tlex. Holm, or Holly, Oaks, f m 1899 
a. Natives qf Europe. 

29. Plex L. 1 South of Europe 

pi. 325. fig. 1781. 1899 
The common evergreen, or Holm, Oak. 
IV<:'.r arbdrea Bauh. 
L 1 Yeuse. or Cftcnc vert, Fr. 
Steine Eiche, Ger. 
Elice, Ital. 
Encina, Span. 

Varieties 1 - 1899 

1 integrifolia ? 

Smllax, Butch. 
Siiber secvndus Matth. 

2 serratifolia Lodd. Cat. 1 f.1778. 

IVfx Matth. 

3/agifolia Lodd. Cat. 1 ft . 1779. 
Phellodrus Matth. 
IVf*, No. 3. Du Ham. 

4 crispa JLoJd. Caf. 1 m 

5 Intifulia Lodd. Cat. 1 pi. 396. 

fig. 1780. 
Q. I. oblonga Hort. 



CXXV111 



CONTENTS. 



G longifolia Lodd. Cut. ? 

pi. 327. 

Q. I. siilicffdlia Hort. 
7 variegata Hort. f. * 
Other Varieties 



30. Bairbta Desf. 



- 1900 



Barbary 
fig. 1783, 1784. 1905 

The sweet Acorn Oak. 
? riex mAjor Clus. 
Chene d Glands doux, Chene Ballote, Fr. 

31. gramuntiaZ/. 1 * Spain, &c. 

pi. 328. fig. 1787, 1788. 1906 

The Holly-leaved Grammont Oak. 

? riexf dliis rotundioribus, SfC., Magn. 
Chene ile Grammont, Fr. 
Wallenblattrigc Eiche, Ger. 
Encina dulce, Gouetta, Span. 

32. coccifera L. * South of Europe 

fig. 1789, 1790, 1791, 1792. 1908 
The Kermes, or Berry- bearing, Oak. 
I7ej coccifera Cam. 
riex aculedta cocciglandifera Garid. 
Y~lex coccigera, Ger. 
Chtne aux Kermes, Fr. 
Kermes Eiche, Ger. 

33. pseudo-coccifera Desf. 1 * Algiers 

fig. 1794. 1911 

The false berrv -bearing, or Kermes, Oak. 
Chfne n 'faux Kennes, Fr. 
Stechernde Eiche, Ger. 

3k Suber L. * South of Europe 

pi. 329, 330. fig. 1797, 1798. 1800. 

1911 

The Cork Tree. 
Suber Cam. 
Suber Prinus Matth. 
Suber latifdlium, $c., Du Ham. 
Chene Liege, Fr. 
Kork Eiche, Ger. 
Alcernoque, Span. 

Varieties 1 - - 1911 

2 latifolium 1 

Siiber lalifblium, #c., Bauh. 

3 angustifolium i fig. 1798. 

Suber angustijblium Bauh. 

4 dentatum t pi. 331. fig. 1797. 

Q. Pseiido-Suber.of Muswell Hill. 

35. Pseuclo-Siiber Desf. 1 Tuscany, &c. 
fig. 1801. 1917 

The False- Cork Oak. 

Chene faux Liege, Chene de Gibraltar, Fr. 
Unachte Kork Eiche, Ger. 



b. Natives of North America. 
ix. Virtntes. Live Oaks. 1 1730. 1918 

36. virens Ait. 1 North America 

pi. 332. fig. 1802,1803. 1918 
The green, or Live, Oak. 
Q. Polios 13 L. 
Q. sempervlrens Banistor. 



37. myrtifolia Willd. 

Tin- Myrtlp-le.iviil O.,k. 



Carolina - 1920 



c. Natives of XfjMf. 

x. Lanuta;. Woolly, or downy, leaved 

Oaks. 1 1730. 1920 

38. lanata Si. 1 Upper Nepal 

fig. 1804. 1920 

The \vooMy-lcaved Nepal Oak. 
Q. lanugindsa D. Don. 
Q. Banja Ham. MSS. 
? Q. oblonguta D. Don. 
? Q. incdna Royle. 

39. annulata Sm. 1 Upper Nepal 

fig. 1805. 1921 

The ring-cupped Oak. 

Q. Phulfata limn. MSS. 
? Q. Kamroopn D. Dun. 
Q. glauca Lodd. Cat. 
' Q- glauca Thunb. 
? Q. acuminata Hort. 

App. i. Oaks in British Gardens, not refer- 
able, with certainty, to any of the vhor<- 
Sections. IE 1 - 1922 

40. Turner* Willd. Thibet f. 1806. 1922 

Turner's Oak. 

Q. hybrida Hort. 
Chene de Turner, Fr. 
Turnersche Eiche, Ger. 

41. hybrida nana 3f Hybrid 

fig. 1810, 1811. 1924 

The dwarf hybrid Oak. 

Q. hybrida Lodd. Cat. 

A hybrid between Q. pcdunculdta and Q. 

riex, Hort. Soc.Gard. 
Q. hhmilis Hort. 
Q.ndna Hort. 

42. Fontanesw Guss. Calabria 

fig. 1813. 1925 
Desfontaine's Oak. 

Q. pseudo-coccifera of Catros, &c. 

43. ? australis Link. 1 Gibraltar 

fig. 1814. 1925 
The southern Oak. 

44. Cook i Gibraltar fig. 1815. 1926 

Captain Cook's Oak. 

45. falkenbergensis Booth. * Falkenberg 

1926 
The Falkenberg Oak. 

App. ii. European kinds of Onlis, not yet in- 
troduced. - - 19'2G 



O./aglnea I. am. Spain, fip. ISlii 
fla Lam. Diet. 

f>h<?liod,-i/s ,;ihi aiigiaUfbHo, etc., 

O. a-cilnpifolia Per 



Dalecb. 



S)i;iin 



pe.. 
CM d Femllu f BaOof 

Q. Braisn Bosc. Between 1'eri^ueux and Bordmux 

Chfne Brnsse, at NanH>. 

Chfnf mrin, Bnnaini. 
O viminalis Bnsc. Jura. 

Chfiie Saulc, Chfne O.si.r, Chin, ,!. H.,i,; Fr. 
Q. aspera Rote. 

Lt Chfne ,ipre, Fr. 
Chne I^zermien, BOK. 
Ch6ne Castillan, Bosc. Spain. 
Q. lusitanica Lamh. Portugal, fip. 1SI7. 



Gitlla, tire Rbbur nU 
Thr Pnrlii K >ir*r ' 

flifi,i'<lll I'nrhi 



CONTENTS. 



CXX1X 



Page 



Q. prdtina Pen. Portugal, fig. 1813. 

V-KlfOcaBosc. 
Q. calvcma Pair. France 
Q. exp'insa Pair. 
Q. rotundifolia iMm. Spain. 

T/u rountl-len i-e,l Spaniih Oak. 

Chr-iie A Feuillet rondca. 
0. hiimilis IMIU. Portugal. 

The dwarf Portuguese Oak. 

O. pfdem fix tiiperam Bauh. 

fWur 7., tire O.-pnmila Clus. 

Chfnt pygme-e, Fr. 



App. iii. African Oaks which have not yet 
been introduced. - 1 928 



App. iv. Oaks of Asia Minor and Persia not 
yet introduced. - 1928 

Q. infectoria Oliv. fig. 1819, 1820. 



fiK- 
: J Will 



i Guiles, Fr. 
F ilrber Eiche, Ger. 

g. Libani O/iY. Mount Lebanon, fig. 1826. 
Q.. rfgida Willd. Caramania. 

? IV aculeata, AC., Tourn. 
9. iWrica Stev. Georgia. 
Q. castanesefolia C. A. Meyer. Mazanderan. 
^. mong<51ica Fitch. Tartary. 



App. v. Himalayan Oaks not yet introduced. 

1933 

?. si.icata Sm. Nepal, fig. 1828. 

Q. Kiuumata Box. 

Q. A'rcula Ham. MSS. 
Q. obtusifolia D. Don. Nepal 
Q. grandifblia D. Don. Nepal, fig. 1829. 

The ilagiuiliu-karrd Oak. 
Q. velutina Lindl. Tavoy. fig. 1830. 
9. Iamell6sa Sm. Nepal, fig. 1831. 

Q. imbricfita Ham. MSS. 
^. semicarpif6Iia Sm. Nepal, fig. 1832. 

Cassina Ham. MSS. 

App. vi. Oaks of Japan, Cochin- China, and 
China, which have not yet been introduced. 

1935 

Q. glabra Thunb. Japan. 

Q. concentrica Lour. Cochin-China 

Q. acuta Thunb. Japan. 

Q. serrita Thunb. Japan. 

Q. glauca Thunb. Japan. 

Ka, no Ki Keempf. 
Q. cuspidata Thunb. Japan. 

Sui, rulffb Sxi no Ki, Ksunpf. 

Vagus fiilio Vriixini Ktempf. 
Q. dentala Thitnh. Japan. 

Koku Kxmpf. 
Q. chint 5 nsis Hunge. China. 
Q. obovata Bunge. Near Pekin. 

App. vii. Oaks of Java, Sumatra, and the 
Molucca Isles, not yet introduced. - 1 936 

O. sundaica Blume. Java, fig, 1833, 1831. 

TheSundaOak. 
Q. pruin6sa nlume. fig. 1836. 

The frosty Oak. 

Q. angustata lilume. Gede. fig. 1835. 
-- 



Q. pallida Blume. Ged6. fig. 1837, 1838. 

The pale Oak. 
Q. elegans Blume. Bantam, fig. 1832. 

The elegant Oak. 
. placentiiria Hlun,,: Gedd. fig. 1840. 

The placenta-cm;d Oak. 
O. glabw-rima lilume. Ged^. fig. 1842. 

The smoothest -It; ircd Oak. 
y. r.M-'ita lHume. litf. 1841. 1813. 



Q. rotundata Rlume. fig. 1844. 

The round-fruited Oak. 
Q. platycrfrpa nlume. Bantam, fig. 1846. 

The broad-fruited Oak. 
Q. rfaphnoidea Blume. Bantam, fig. 1845. 

The Daphne-like Oak. 
Q. racemosa Hmik. Sumatra. 
Q. gemclliflora Ulunu: Salak, &c. fig. 1847. 

The twin-flowered Oak. 
. indiita Blume . Gedd. fig. 1848. 

The cloth-cupped Oak. 
Q. urceoliris//<x>X. Sumatra. 



pg 

Q. pseudo.molucca nlume. Java. fig. 1849. 

The false Molucca Oak. 
9. molucca L. Molucca Isles. 

The Molucca Oak." 
Q. turbinata Illume. Salak. fig. 1850. 

The top-shaped-cupperf Oak. 
Q. lineata Blume. Java. fig. 1851. 

The parallel. veined Oak. 

App. viii. Mexican Oaks not yet introduced. 

1941 

Q. xalapensis Humb. et Bonp. New Spain, fig. 1852. 

Ki,U de Duels, Span. 

-. glancescens Humb. et Bonn.' Mexico. fig.|1853. 
. obtusa Humb. et Bonp. New Spain, fig. 1854. 
pandurata Humb. et Bonp. fig. 1855, 1856. 
repanda Humb. et Bonp. New Spain, fig. 1 857. 
Q. Jaurina Humb. et Bonp. New Spain, fig. 1858. 
. sideroxyla Humb. et Bonp. New Spain, fig. 1860. 
Q.mexicanaHumA. et Bonp. Mexico, fig. 1861. 
Q. crassipes angustifblia Humb. et Bonp. Ario. fig. 1859. 
1. crissipes Humb. et Bonp. Ario. fig. 1862. 
i. lanceolata Huml>. et Bonp. New Spain, fig. 1863. 
>. reticulata Humb. et Bonp. New Spain, fig. 1865. 
>. chrysophyila Humb. et Bonp. fig. 1864. 
i. pulchglla Humb. et Bonp. New Spain, fig. 1866. 
i. spicata Humb. et Bonp. Nabajas. fig. 1867. 
. stipularis Humb. et Bonp. Mexico, fig. 1868. 
. crassifblia Humb. et Bonp. New Spain, fig. 1869. 
depressa Humb. et Bonp. Mexico, fig. 1871. 
amblgua Humb. et Bonp. Mexico, fig. 1870. 
Q. confertifblia Humb. et Bonp. New Spain. Hg. 1872. 
Q trldens Humb. et Bonp. New Spain. fig.'1873. 
Q. acutifolia Willd. New Spain, fig. 1874. 
<?. elliptica Willd. Mexico. 
Q. mucronata Willd. New Spain. 

Q. Caftanea Nee. 
Q. tomentosa Willd. New Spain. 

Q. pedunculitrii Nee. 
Q. circinata Willd. New Spain. 
Q. splfodens Willd. New Spain. 
Q. rugbsa Willd. Huifquilica andOciula. 
Q. macroph^lla Willd. New Spain. 
Q. diversifolia Willd. New Spain. 
Q. candicans Willd. New Spain. 
Q. microphylla Willd. New Spain. 
Q. lobata Willd. New Spain. 
Q. magnolias/la Willd. Mexico. 
Q. liitea Willd. Mexico. 

The yellow -leaved Mexican Oak. 
Q. aalicitblia Willd. Mexico. 

The Willow-leaved Mexican Oak. 



II. FAMOUS L. % t - 

THE BEECH. 

Fagus of the Romans. 
Oxua of the Greeks. 
Castctnea Tourn. 
HSlre, Fr. 
Suche, Ger. 
Beuke, Dutch. 



1715. 1949 



Bog, Dan. 
Bok, 



Swed. 

Buk, Russ. and Pol 
Faggio, Ital. 
Haya, Span. 
Fay a, Port. 

A. Capsule muricate, capsuliform. Ovariet included. 
Young leaves plicate. 

Natives of Europe, and of North and^South America. 
a. Species in Cultivation in British Gardens. 

1. sylvatica L. % Europe - 1950 
The Wood, or common, Beech. 
CflUMM Ydgus, Scop. 
Yagtts Bauh. 
F. sylvtetris Michx. 
(ftya, Greek. 
Fdgus, Latin. 
HStre commun, Fr. 
Gemeine Buche, Ger. 
Rjpod-beuke, Dutch. 

Varieties - - 1950 

2 purpurea Ait. 
The purple Beech. 

F. . 2. atro-riiben* Du Roi. 
Hetre noir, Fr. 

3 cuprea Lodd. Cat. *t 
The copper-coloured Beech. 

P 



cxxx 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

4 foliis variegatis Lodd. Cat. 

5 heterophylla fig. 1875, 1876. 
The various, or cut, leaved Beech. 

F. s. laciniata Lodd. Cat. 
F. 5. asplenifblia Lodd. Cat. 
F. s. inclsa Hort. 
F. s. salicifdlia Hort. 
Hetre a Feuilles de Saule, Fr. 

6 cristata Lodd. Cat. pi. 334. 

fig. 1877. 

The crested, or curled-leaved, Beech. 
F. *. crispa Hort. 
Hetre Crete de Ceq,Fr. 

7 pendula Lodd. Cat. pi. 335, 

336. 
The weeping Beech. 

lUtre Parasol, Fr. 
Other British Varieties or Variations. 

8 americana *t 

F. sylvestris Michx. 
White Beech, Amer. 

2. ferruginea^. * N.Am. f. 1917. 1980 

The American ferruginous-wooded Beech. 
F. americana latifdlia Du Roi. 
Red Beech, Amer. 

Varieties. 5f 

2 caroliniana 5f fig. 1915. 

F. caroliniana Lodd. Cat. 

3 latifolia fig. 1916. 

F. latifdlia Lee. 

b. Species not yet introduced. 

3. obliqua Mirb. % Chili fig. 1919. 1982 

The oblique-kureJ Beech. 

B. Cupule involucriform; Segments narrow, laci- 
niate. Ovaries laterally inserted. Young leaves 
not plicate. 

a. Species introduced into Britain, 

4. fcetuloides Mirb. 1 Terra del Fuego 



The Birch -like, or evergreen, Beech. 
BeTtafa antdrctica Forst. 



fig. 1920, 1982 



Terra del Fuego 1 98$ 



5. antarctica Forst. 

The antarctic Beech. 



b. Species not yet introduced into British Gardens. 
6. Dombeyt Mirb. 2 Chili fig. 1921. 198 

Dombey's, or the Myrtle-leaved,' Beech 



7. dubia Mirb. 1 

The dubious Beech. 

III. CASTA^EA Town. 



Straits of Magellan 

fig. 1932, 193 



17K 
1983 



THE CHESTNUT. 

Fdgus L. and others. 
Chdtaignier, Fr. 
Kastanie, Ger. 
Castagno, Ital. <* 

Castano, Span. 
Castanheiro, Port. 
Castanietrte, Swed. and Dan. 
Keschton, Russ. 

1. vesca Gasrtn. * Asia Minor 

pi. 337, 338. 198. 

The eatable, sweet, or Spanish, Chestnut. 
Fogtw Castfima L. 
Castdnea aativa Mill. 
Castdnea vulgar is Lam. 



Varieties t 

A. Botanical Varieties. 



Page 
- 1984 



2 asplenifolia Lodd. Cat. 

C. heterophylla Hort. 
C. laciniata Hort. 
C. salictfblia Hort. 

3 cochleata Lodd. Cat. 

4 glabra Lodd. Cat. 

C. v. foliis liicidis Hort. 

5 glauca S 

C. glauca Hort. 

6 variegata 

C. v. foliis aureis Lodd. Cat. 

7 americana i: 

C. vesca Michx. 

B. Fruit-bearing Varieties. (Seep. l'J84.) 



2. pumila Willd. * ^ North America 

fig. 1927, 1928. 2002 
The Dwarf Chestnut, or Chincapin. 
Yagus pumila L. 

Castdnea pumila virginiana, S;c., Pluk. 
Chdtaignier Chincapin^ Fr. 
Zwerctt Kastanie, or Castanje, Ger. 



App. 



Species of Castanea not yet intro- 
duced into European Gardens. 2003 



C. fiuiica Rox. Nepal. 

C. RoxburRhiz Lindl. Chittagong. 

Qtttfrcus castanicdrpti Koxb. 
C. sphaerocirpa Lindl. Silhet. 
C. fribuloldes Lindl. Upper Nepal. 

Qiufrcu* tribuKidet Sm. 

Owfrcui Cat{ingea Ham. MSS. 

Qnerciuferox Koxb. 
C. martabanica Wall. Martaban. fig. 19^9. 
C. arg(*ntea Blume. Java. fig. 1831. 
C. Tungurrtit Blume. Bantam, fig. 1930. 
C. javanica Blume. Cede. fig. 1932. 

var. C.j.montanaB/m. 

C. montiina Blume. Bajador. 
C. j. fucescens Blume. 
C. in^rmis Lindl. Singapore. 
C. chine"nsis Spreng. China. 



IV. CA X RPINUS L. ^ 1716. 2001 

THE HORNBEAM. 

Charme, Fr. 

Haynbuche, or Hainbuchc, Ger. 

1. ^tulus L. Britain 

pi. 338, 339. 200 i 
The Birch, or common, Hornbeam. 
Cdrpinus Matth. 
O'strya Bauh. Pin. 
O'rnus Trag. 
Vagus Bauh. Hist. 
Etttulus Lob. 

Varieties *t - - 2005 

2 incisa Lodd. Cat. X 

C. w. quercifdlia Dcsf. 
C. r. heterophylla Hort. 

3 variegata Zorfrf. Ca<. 

2. (5L) americana Michx. N. America 

fig. 1936. 2013 
The American Hornbeam. 
C. virginidna Michx. 



3. (B.) orientalis Lam. 

The Oriental Hornbeam. 
C. duindnsis Scop. 



at Asia Minor 
fig. 1937. 2014 



i.i'N TENTS. 



App. i. Species or Varieties of Carpinus not 
i/ft introduced into European Gardens 2014 



OXXX1 



Page 



C. ( B.) Carpintzza Hort. Transylvani 
C. viminea Lindl. Nepal, fig. 1938. 
C. ,/fcginea Lindl, 



- 1716. 2015 



V. O'STRYA Willd. 

THE HOP HORNBEAM. 

Ctirpiaus L. and others 
HopJ'enbuche, Ger. 

1. vulgaris Willd. Italy 

pi. 340, 341. fig. 1939. 2015 

The Hop Hornbeam. 

Cnrpinus O'strya Hort. Cliff. 
O'strya carpinifblia Scop. 
O'strya Bauh. 
O'strya italica, 8fC., Michx. 

2. (v.) virginica Willd. North America 

pi. 342. 1940. 2015 

The Virginian Hop Hornbeam. 
Carpinus virginiana Abb. 
Carpinus O'strya virginiana Michx. Fl. 
Carpinus O'strya Michx. Syl. 
Iron Wood, Lever Wood, Amer. 
Bois dur, Illinois. 

VI. OTRYLUS L. % st 1716. 2016 

THE HAZEL. 

Coudrier, Fr. 
Haselnuss, Ger. 

1. yfvellana L. 3fc Europe fig. 1941. 2017 

The common Hazel Nut. 

Coudrier Noisetier, Fr. 
Haselstrauch, Nussbaum, Ger. 
Avellano, Nocciolo, Ital. 
Avellano, Span. 

Varieties 3k - - 2017 

A. Botanical Varieties. 

1 sylvestris Ait. & fig. 1941 

C. Avellana Svensk. 
C. sylvestris Bauh. 

2 pumilus 3fe 

C. pumilus Lodd. Cat. 

3 heterophylla & 

The various, or Nettle, leaved Hazel. 
C. heterophylla Lodd. Cat. 
C. laciniata Hort. 
C. urticifblia Hort. 

4 purpurea '& 

C. purpurea Lodd. Cat. 
C. utro-purpurea Hort. 

B. Varieties cultivated for their Fruit. 

5 tubulosa fig. 1942. it 

C. tubnlusa Willd. 

C. maxima Mill. 

C. satlva Bauh. 

C. *. rubra Ait. 

Red Filbert. 

Langbartnuss, or Lambertnuss, 

Ger. 
Noisetier franc & Fruit rouge, Fr. 

6 tubulosa alba & 

C. satira alba Ait. 

C. A. alba Lodd. Cat. 

White Filbert. 

Weisse Langbartnuss, Ger. 

7 crispa E. of PI. 31 fig. 1943. 
The frizzled Filbert. 

8 tenuis Lodd. Cat. & 

The ihin-shfllfd, or Cotfard, Nut. 



9 glomerata Bauh. at 

C. glomerata Lodd. Cat. 
Cluster Nut, Hort. Soc. Cat. 
Noisetier u Grappes, Fr. 

10 barcelonensis Lodd. Cat. 

C. sttt'/t'/i grundis Bauh. 

C. A. grdndt's Lodd. Cat. 

The Cob Nut. 

The Barcelona Nut. 

Downton large Nut, $c., Hort. Soc. 

11 Lambertz. & 

C. LamUrti Lodd. Cat. 

77/1- Spanish Nut. 

Large Bond Nut, Lambert's Nut, 
Lambert's large Nut, TokerNut, 
Sfc., Hort. Soc. Cat. 

Other Varieties. 

The great Cob Nut, Hort. Soc. Cat. 
The Downton large square Nut, 

Hort. Soc. Cat. 
The Northampton Nut, Hort. 

Soc. Cat. 
The Northamptonshire Prolific, 

Hort. Soc. Cat. 

2. Colurna L. % Turkey 

pi. 343, 344. fig. 1948. 2029 

The Constantinople Hazel. 
C. byzantlna Herm. 
Avelldna peregrlna humilis Bauh. 
A. pumila bvzantlna Clus. 
C. arborca Hort. 
Le Noisettier de Bt'zance, Fr. 
Byxantinische Haselnuss, Ger. 

Varieties - 2029 

2 intermedia 

C. intermedia Lodd. Cat. 

3 arborescens Fisch. 

3. rostrata Ait. & North America 2030 

The beaked, American, or Cuckold, Hazel. 
C sylvestris, $c., Gron. 
C. cornuta Hort. 

4. americana Michx. at N. America 2030 

The American Hazel. 

C. americdna hhmilis Wang. 

Dwarf Cuckold Nut, wild Filbert, Amer. 

App. i. Species of Corylus not yet introduced. 

2031 

C. terox Wall. Nepal, fig. 2250. 



Garryacese. - 2031 
[. GA'RRYJ Doug. * - - 2031 

THE GARRYA. 

1. ellfptica Doug. * North Carolina 

fig. 1951. 2032 
The elliptic-leaved Garrya. 



Platanacece. 
I. PLA'TANUS L. 5 

THE PLANK TREE. 

Platane, Fr. 
Platanus, Ger. 

P 2 



- 2032 
- 2033 



CXXXll 



CONTENTS. 



1. orientalis L. Levant 

pi. 345, 346. fig. 1954, 1955. 2033 
The Oriental Plane. 

P. orientalis verus Park. 
Platane de VOrient, Fr. 
Morgenlandischer Platanus, Ger. 
r- Doolb, Arabic. 

Chinar, Persian. 

Varieties - - 2034 

2 acerifolia Ait. % pi. 347, 348. 
The Maple-leaved Plane Tree. 

P. o. Acer is folio Tourn. 
P. acertfdlia Willd. 
P. intermedia Hort. 

3 hispanica $ 

The Spanish Maple. 

P. hispanica Lodd. Cat. 
P. macrophylla Cree. 

4 cuneata t pi. 349. 

P. o. undulata Ait. 
P. cuneata Willd. 
Other Varieties. 

2. occidentalis L. 3 ft North America 

pi. 350. fig. 1959. 2043 

The Western Plane. 

P. occidentalis seu virginifrisis Park. 
Button-wood, Water Beech, Sycamore, 

Cotton Tree, Amer. 
Platane de Virginie, Fr. 

Variety It - 2043 

2 tortubsa * 

Platane tortillard, Fr. 



TSalsamdcece. % - 2048 
I. LIQUIDA'MBAR L. *t - 2049 

THE LIQUIDAMBAR. 

Altingiai Noronha. 
Liquidambar, Fr. 
Ambarbaum, Ger. 

1. Styraciflua L. North America 

pi. 351, 352. fig. 1961. 2049 
The Sweet Gum Liquidambar. 
Liquidambar drbor Pluk. 
Styrax A'ceris folio Ray. 
Liquidambar rtsineux, Copalme de V A- 

mdrique, Liquidambar Copal, Fr. 
Fliesender Ambarbaum, Ger. 

2. imberbe Willd. % Levant f.1963. 2053 
The beardless, or Oriental, Liquidambar. 

L. orientalis Mill. 

? fldtanus orientalis Pocock. 

L. imbdrbis Sm. 

App. i. Species of Liquidambar not yet in- 
troduced. - - 2054 

L. Altingia Blume. Java. fig. 1965. 
Altins's Liquidambar. 

Alttntfa excelia Noronha. 
Lignum papuimum Humph. 






NLyricdcece. 



I. AfYRPCA Z,. afe n , 

THB CANDLEBERRY MYRTLE. 
Ga/^, Fr. 
IVnrhs Strauss, Ger. 



2055 
2055 



1. GdleL. & Europe f. 1996, 1967. 2056 

The Sweet Gale, Sweet Willow, Candlcberry 
Myrtle, or Dutch Myrtle. 
Gale Ray. 
Ekedgnus Card. 
Myrtus brabdntica, Ger. 
Rhus myrtifolia belgica Bauh. 
E/n'iS sylvestris alter a Dalech. 
~Rhus sylvestris Park. 
Myrlca paliistris Lam. 
Gait, Pimento Royal, Fr. 
Gemeine Wachs Strauch, Ger. 

2. cerifera L. & North America 2057 

The common Wax-bearing, or American, Can- 
dleberry Myrtle. 

M. certfera angustifolia Ait. 
Myrtus brabdntica, Sfc. Pluk. 
Ce'rier de la Louisiane, Fr. 

Varieties Sfc * - - 2057 

2 latifolia Ait. * fig. 1668. 

The broad-leaved American Candle- 
berry Myrtle. 
M. c. media Michx. 
M. carolinensis Willd. 
M. pennsylvdnica Lam. 
M. c. sempervtrens Hort. 
Myrtus brabdntica Cat. 
Wrier de Pennsylvanie, Fr. 
Carolinischer Wachstrauch, Ger. 

3 pumila Michx. it 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of Myrlca cul- 
tivated in British Gardens. - 2058 

Af.FayaAit. Madeira, fig. 1969. 

' The Azores Candlcberry Myrtle. 
M. serrata Lam. C. G. H. 

M. (efhUpica L. 

M. conifera Burm. 
M. fuercifolia L. C. G.H. 

Latirut africbna, #c., Com. 
M. q. hirsuta Mill. 
-. cordif61ia L. C. G.H. 

Alaternlildes I'licitfhlin, 8,-c., Walt. 

M.fbliis tubcordfitis, &., Burm. 

IGale cap^nsis, Sfc., Petiv. 

Cnriotraxemntodifndros I'licis aculeatie folio Pluk. 
M. cap&isis Lodd. Cat. 

App. ii. Half-hardy Species of Myrzca not 
yet introduced. - 2059 

. spathulata. Madagascar, fig. 1970. 

II. COMPTO'N/yi Banks. * - 2059 

THE COMPTONIA. 

Liquidambar L. Sp. 
Myrlca L. Hort. Cliff. 
Gale Petiv. 
Comptone, Fr. 
Comptonie, Ger. 

asplenifolia Banks. * North America 
fig. 1971. 2059 
The Asplenium-leaved Comptonia. 

Liquidambar Asplenifblium L. Sp. 

Liquidambar pcregrlnum L. Syst. 

Myrica L. Hort. Cliff. 

Gale mariuna Pet. 

Mjjrtus brabdntica: affi^nis Pluk. 

The siceet Fern Bush, Amer. 



Casuaracece. 2060 

Casuarina cquisetifolia East Indies 

fig. 1972. 2060 

C. littbrea Rumph. 

Swamp Oak, Austral. 

Filao a Feuilles de Prtle, Fr. 
C. nodifl6ra Fortt. New Caledonia. 
C. dfstyla Vent. New Holland. 
C. strfcta Ait. New Holland. 
C. torulosa AH. Holland. 

The Cork-l*rkd Caitiarlna. 



CONTENTS. 



CXXX111 



Gnetaceae. * - 2062 
I. ^THEDIIA L. * . - - 2062 

THE EPHEDUA. 

1. distachya L. Spain 

fig. 1973, 1974. 2063 

The two-spiked Ephedra. 

Great shrubby Horsetail, or Sea Grape. 
Y/ plied ra rulgdris Rich. 
Yolygonuin marluitm T.ihern. 
Voiygomtni qittirtuni Pliuii Cltts. 
Pulygonum lamffolium, f(C., Bauh. 
E. mar it i ma mi'ijur Tourn. 
Trfigos Cam. 

Raisin de Mcr, Ephidre multiflore, Fr. 
Zweyahriger Ross Schwanz, Ger. 

2. monostachya L. - Siberia 

fig. 1975, 1976. 2063 
The one-spiked Ephedra, or Small shrubby 
Horsetail. 

E. petlolis safpe plitribus, S[C., Gmel. 

E. minima, Sfc., Amm. 

E. polygonoides Pall. 

Ephtdre mineure, EphMre de Sib^rie, Fr. 

3. altissima Desf. H Barbary 

fig. 1977, 1978, 1979. 2064 



The loftiest Ephedra. 
E. * 



imii, .$<-., Tourn. 
Pdijgonnm maritimuni tcdtulen* Bauh. 



4. fragilis Desf. * Spain 



- 2065 



The fragile Ephedr 

E. erotica Tourn. 
Equisetum moittan 

5. americana Willd. 

The American Ephedra. 



rfticum Alp. J 

Quito f. 1980. 2065 



Taxdceoe. 



I. TA'XUS L. 

THE YEW. 



1 * 



2065 



2065, 2066 



1. baccata L. JtAir. pi 

The berried, or common, Yew. 

Tuxus No. 1663. Hall. Hist. 

Ijcnbaum, Ihcnbaum, or Eihcnbaum, Ger. 

Tfifo, Ital. 

Tcxo, Span. 

Varieties 1 ft n. - - 2066 

2 fastigiata 1 pi. 355. fig. 198), 

1982. 

T.fastigidta Lindl. 
T. hiMrnica, Hook. 
The upright, or Florence Court 

Ycti' ; the Irish Yew. 

3 procumbens H *- 

T. proc&mbens Lodd. Cat. 

4 erecta * 

The upright Yew. 
T. b.fastigiata. 

5 foliis variegatis Lodd. Cat. it 

6 frtictu liiteo * 
Other Varieties. 



2. 



(b.) canadensis Willd. m N. 

The Canada, or North American, 
T. b. minor Michx. 



Amer. 2093 

Yew. 



I. SALISBU v R//i Sm. * 2065. 2094 

THL SAI.I.SIUKIA.* 

Ginkgo Kccmpf., L., and others. 

. rtdiantifolia Sm. ^ Japan 

p!.35<>, 357. fig. 1992, 1993. 2094 

The Maidni-liair-loavcd Salisburia, or Ginkgo 
Tree. 

Ginkgo, Gin-an, Itsjo, Kcempf. 
Ginkgo biloba L. 

Xoycr du Japan, Arbre aux quarante 
E'cus. 



App. 



Half-hardy Genera belonging to the 
Order Taxdcece. - 210O 



'odocdrpus L' Merit. 
. macrophVllus Sni. .lapan. 
The long-leaved Japan Yew. 

'Kdxut macroiihulla Thunb. 
'. latifolius Wall. Pundna. fig. 1995. 
spinul6sus Spreng. Purt Jackson 
P. excthus Lodd. Cat. 
fdxut tptmiltait Smith. 
nucifer Pen. Japan. 

Tdjciu nttcffera Kii>mpf. 
'. elongatus L'Herit. C. G. H. fig. 1997. 

Tdxut elongatus Ait. 
. chilinus Rich. Chili, fig- 1996. 
. coriaceus Rich. Island of Montserrat. fig. 1998. 
. taxifolius Kunth. Peru. fig. 19'J'J, VOOO. 
P. montiinut Lodd. Cat. 
Tdmu montttna Willd. 
'. excflsus Lodd. 
P. Jieriifolius Lodd. 

TaxM jajxfnica Lodd. 
3acrVdium iiolander. 
D. mpre^sinum Sol. New Zealand, fig. 2001. 

Thalbmia cvprfstina Spreng. 
D. faxifolium Sol. 
). exc^lsum Don. New Zealand. 

The Kahikatea, or Swamp Pine. 
D. ? plumosum D. Don. New Zealand. 

The Kanaka of the New Zealanders. 
D. elatum Walt. Pulo-Penang. 

Jtmf perns elala Roxb. 
Phylldcladis Rich. 

Podociirptis sp. Labill. 
P. rhomboidalis Rich. Cape Van Diemen. fig. 2002, 2003. 

Podocdrpm asplenijbtius Labill. 
P. rrichomanoides H. lir. New Zealand. 
The Tanakaa of the New Zealanders. 



Conifera^ or Pindcece. 2103 

Sect. I. .^BIE'TIN^E Richard. 2104. 2106 



I. PPNUS L. *lIHli_il_Jfli 
2104. 2152 

THE PINE. 

Le Pin, Fr. 

Fichte, Pynbaum, or Kicfer, Ger. 

Pynboom, Dutch. 

Pino, Ital. and Span. 

Pinu, Anglo-Saxon. 

Pinnua, Welsh. 

Peigne, Erse. 

Sect. i. Bince. Leaves generally 2 in a 
Sheath. 

i. Sylvtstres. ? * 
A. Cones having the Scales without Prickles. 

1. svlvestris L. i Europe 

fig. 2043, 2044, 2045. 

The wood, or Scotch, Pine, or Scotch 
P. fdliis hints, &c., Hall. 
P.'rK&roMill.Dict. 
P. sylvlstris comments 



exxxiv 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

P. No. 29. Gmel. 
Pin Sauvage, Pin d'Ecosse, Fr. 
Ucnicine Fohre, gemeine Fichte, Kiefer, 

Taune, and 55 other names given in 

Hayne's Abbildung, Ger. 
Pynboom, Dutch. 
Pino sylvatico, Ital. 
Pino sylvt'stre, Span. 
Fyrre, Dan. and Swed. 
Sosna, Pol., Boh., and Russ. 



Varieties 



a. Timber Trees. 
fig. 2046. 



- 2153 
2154 



1 vulgaris 

The common'wild Pine. 

2 horizontals 

P. horizontalis Don of Forfar. 

P. *. var. montana Sang. 

? P. riibra Mill. Diet, and N. Du 

Ham. 

The Spcyside Pine, Hort. Soc. 
The Highland Pine, Grigor. 
The horizontal-branched wild 

Pine, Laws. 
The red -wooded Scotch Pine, Sang. 

3 uncinata Don of Forfar 

fig. 2047. 
The hooked-cowed wild Pine. 

Mar Forest wild Pine, Hort. Soc. 
Card. 

4 haguenensis 1 

Pin de Haguenau, Fr. 

5 rigensis 2 

Pin de Riga Desf. 
Pin de Rustic, Pin de Mature, Fr. 
Other Timber Tree Varieties. 

b. Varieties curious or ornamental. 2158 

6 genev^nsis i 

The Geneva wild Pine. 

7 monophylla Hodgins. 1 

8 scariosa i 

P. scaridsa Lodd. Cat. 

9 intermedia 1 

10 altaica Ledebour 1 

1 1 tortuosa Don of Forfar 
Other Varieties, of curious or bo- 
tanical interest. 

2. (s.) pumilkr Haenke. 3% 1 Europe 
fig. 2057, 2058, 2063. 2 1 86 
The dwarf, or Mountain, Pine. 

P. sylvtstris montana y Ait. Hort. Kew. 

P. s. humilis <y Neal. 

P. conis ertctis Tourn., &c. 

P. htimilis, 8fC. Tourn. 

P. sueddticus seu carpdticus Ungarisch 

Mag. 

Pinaster corn's erdctis Bauh. 
P. tatdrica Mill, in Herb. Banks. 
P. p. montdnus Park. 
P. qudrtus austrlacus Clus. 
Pin nain, Fr. 
Krumholz, Ger. 

Varieties -3fe i - - 2186 

2 rubra-flora 3fe i 

3 Fischert Booth. Sfe t 

4 Milffhus & fig. 2059, 2060, 

2061. - - 2187 

The Mugho wild Pine. 

P. s. Mugho Matt. Gainer. 

P. montuna Baum. 

P. Mugho Jacq. Pair., unAN. Du 

Ham. 
P. cchinula Hort. 



Page 

P. uncinata Dec., Lodd. Cat. 
Pin Mugho, Torchepin, Pin sujfis, 
Pin crin, Pin du Brianc_onnais, 
Pin de Montague, Fr. 
JBergfichte, Ger. 
5 M. nana <& 1 fig. 2062. 

The Knee Pine of the Styrian Alps. 
Other Varieties. 

3. TZanksidna Lamb. 1 North America 

fig. 2064, 2065, 2066, 2067. 2191 
Banks's, or the Labrador, Pine. 

P. sylvestris divaricdta Ait. 
P. rupdstris Michx. 
P. hudsonica Lam. 

Scrub Pine, Grey Pine, Hudson's Bay 
Pine, Ypres, Canada. 

B. Cones large, having the Scales furnished with 
Prickles. 

4. inops Ait. 1 North America 

fig. 2068,2069,2070,2071. 2192 
The Jersey, or poor, Pine. 

P. virginidna Du Roi., Mill. Dict.,Wangh. 

Beit. 
Pin chttif, Fr. 

5. mitis Michx. 1 North America 

f. 2072, 2073, 2074,2075,2076. 2195 

The soft-leaved, or yellow, Pine. 

P. varidbilis Pursh ; H. B., 23592. 
? P. echindta Mill. Diet. 
New York Pin", Spruce Pine, Short-leaved 
Pine, Amer. 

G. purigens Michx. ? North Carolina 
fig. 2077, 2078, 2079, 2080. 2197 

The prickly-cowed, or Table Mountain, Pine. 
ii. Lariciones. f. 

7. Laricio Pair, i Corsica 

fig. 2081, :-082, 2083, 2084. 2200 
The Corsican, or Larch, Pine. 

P. sylvestris i maritima Ait. Hort. Kew., 

ed. 1. 
P. maritima Ait. Hort. Kew., ed. 2. 

Varieties 1 - 2201 

1 corsicana t 

Laricio de rile de Corse, Dela- 
marre. 

2 subviridis N. Du Ham. 1 

3 caramanica 1 

P. caramanica Bosc. 
P. caramaniinsis Bon Jard. 
? P. romi'na, Lon. Hort. Soc. Card. 
Laricio de Caramanie, ou de 
FAsie Mineure, Delamarre. 

4 calabrica 3 

Laricio de Mont Sila en Calabrc, 
Delamarre. 

5 austriaca f 

Laricio d'Autriche, ou de la Hmi- 
grie, Delamarre. 

6 pyrenaica 5! 

P. hispdnica Cook. 
? P. pyrciulica Lap. 

7 taiirica Lodd. 
Other Varieties. 

8. (L.) austriaca Hoss. 1 Austria 

fig. 2005. 2205 
The Austrian, or black, Pine. 
P. nigricans Hort. 
P. nigrtscens Hort. 
Schwartz Fo/in; Ger. 



CONTENTS. 



CXXXV 



9. (L.) Piillasidna Lamb. 1 Siberia 

fig. -2086, 2087, 2088, 2089. 2206 

Pallas's, or the Tartarian, Pine. 
P. taurica Hort. 
P. tatnrica, in the Hammersmith Nursery 

in 1797. 

P. niuritima Pall. 
P. Vinea Habl. Taur. 
P. halepensts Bieb..'( exclusive of thr Syno- 
nymes, except those of Pall, and Habl.). 
P. Laricio Bieb. (Ditto.) 
Tzaam, in the Tartar language. 

10. (L.) pyrenaica Lap. f S. of Spain 

fig. 2090,2091,2092,2093. 2209 
The Pyrenean Pine. 

P. hispi'mica Cook's Sketches in Spain. 
Pinaster hispdnica Roxasdi SanClemente. 
P. penicttlus Lap. Hist, des Plantes des 

Pyrenees. 
P. halepensis major Annales d'Hort. de 

Paris. 
Pin Nazaron, Pin pinceau, Fr. 

11. resinosa Ait. f. Upper Canada 

fig. 2091, 2095, 2096, 2097. 2210 
The resinous, or red, Pine. 

P. canaddnsis bifblia corn's midiis ovdtis 

Du Ham. 
P. rubra Michx. 
Norway Pine, in Canada. 
Yellow Pine, in Nova Scotia. 
Le Pin rouge de Canada, Fr. 



App. i. Doubtful Species, apparently belong- 
ing to ii. Lariciones. - 2213 



P. canadensis bifolia, 

Le Petit Pin rouge de Canada, Fr 



. brevidribus et tenuidribus, Du Ham. f 
fig. 2098, 2099. 2213 



iii. Pinastri. 1 

12. Pinaster Ait. f South of Europe 

fig. 2100, 2101. 2105. 2213 
The Pinaster, or Cluster, Pine. 
P. sylve'stris <y Lin. Syst. 
P. maritima dltera Du Ham., DuRoi. 
P. maritima N. Du Ham. 
P. syrtica Thore Prom, sur les Cdtes de 

Gascogne. 
Pin d Bordeaux, Pin des Lundes, Fr. 

Varieties - - - 2214 

2 escarenus 1 Nice. 

P. escarena Risso. 

3 L,emonidnus fig. 2102, 2103. 

P. Lemoni&nn, Benth. 

4 minor 1 France f. 2104. 

P. maritima minor N. Du Ham. 
Pin Pinsot, Pin de Mans, Pin a 
Trochet, Fr. 

5 foliis variegatis i 

6 maritimus i 

7 chinensis ? 

8 nepalensis i 

9 novus hollandicus 1 

P. Nova Hollandice Lodd. Cat., 

183G. 
P. iinva zcaltindica, in the Kew 

Arboretum. 

10 st. 

1 1 

P. J/o**miana Lamb, 



13. Pfnea L. 1 South of Europe 

fig. 2 106, 2107, 2108, 2109. 2224- 
The Stone Pine. 

P. saliva Bauh., Blackw., Du Ham. 

P. domvstica Marth. 

Pin J'ifinmi, 1'in bun, Pin cultivt, Pin 

Piuicr, Fr. 
(;,->.-t'issberc Fichte, Ger. 

Varieties f. 2225 

? 2 fragilis N. Du Ham. i 

3 erotica Hort. 1 

4 americana Hort. 1 

iv. Halepcnses. 1 

14. halepensis Ait. 1 Syria 

fig. 2110,2111,2112, 2113. 2231 

The Aleppo Pine. 

P. hierosolymitana Du Ham. 
P. maritima prlma Mathiolus. 
Pin de Jerusaltme, Fr. 

Varieties i - - 2231 

2 minor f 

3 maritima 1 

P. maritima Lamb. 

4 genue'nsis { 

P. genutlnsis Cook. 

15. brutia Ten. f . . . . 

fiir. 2114,2115, 2116. 2234 

The Calabrian Pine. 

P. conglomerdta Graefer PI. Exsicc. 

App. i. Species of Pine having 2 Leaves 
in a Sheath, which we cannot with certainty 
refer to any of the preceding Sections. 

P. Massomann Lamb., N. DuHam., Willd., Laws., China 2fc36 
P. sp. from Nepal, fig. 2117. 



Sect. ii. 



Ternatce. Leaves 
Sheath. 



3 in a 
- 2236 



A. Cones hardly so long as the Leaves y the Scale* 
with Prickles. 

v. TWa. f 

16. 2Vda L. 1 North America 

f.21 18, 21 19, 2120, 2121, 2122. 2237 

The Frankincense, or Loblolly, Pine 
V.fbliis ttrnis Gron.Virg. 
P. virginiana tenuifblia tripilis Pluk 
White Pine, at Petersburg and Richmond, 

in Virginia ; Oldfield Pine, Amer. 
Pin de FEncens, Fr. 

Variety 1 . g237 

2 alopecuroidea Ait. t 
The Fox-tail Frankincense Pine. 

17. rigida Mill, f North America 

fig. 2123, 2124, 2125, 2126. 2239 

The rigid, or Pitch, Pine. 

P. T^Vrt rigida & Ait. Hort. Kew., &e, 

P. canadensis trifolia Du Ham. 

? P. T^da *, Poir. 

? Three-leaved Virginian Pine, Sap Pine 

Black Pinf. 
Pin htrisse, Pin rude, Fr. 



CONTENTS. 



t o . _'_':>' i x - inurtnss. i _ 

/' V-f'd.i v-ir. - .ilopivunmlLM I 25> c:m ariaisis T. >SW//. f Canaries 

f. 2 I 02, 2 1 (i.S, i 1 G-4- , 2 1 IM, 2 1 GG. 22G 1 
, Ki.ideml as a var. ot P. Thi~Cauary Pine. 

ri-riila. r. adunca Bosc. 

( r ) SIT >tina V/W<r. * N. America ' ~ (i - sincnsis Lr///,/,. t L_, China 
' li'.r .J107 212* -M.JO -,i;iO 2242 fig. 21G7, 2168, 2169. 2264- 

"; --, ; r - ,-;;/ The Chinese Pine. 



-^7. in.siirnis Dong, f California 

fij;. 2170, 2171, 2172. 22G.J 
The remarkabie 1'im-. 



- \\i-\Lt .,: fvcitriii i a Ait. 

..31. 

; vi. Pnndrrusa. * ? i J ^ -j^ Y' ( oru/r Sehiede et Deppe 1 t-J Mount 

i'.i. pondero-a I)u. ? North Americ.i T\H'l^^oL oi'nci^d Jcavcft' Vine ' "' 

2! 37. >ho\\'m<: Arcentholmnn Oxy- 2!). patnla SchictU- ct J)cj>/)c MSS. f -J 
cedri /// -.. '"I'scinn Oxyccdri !)., Mexico - fi-. 2 17,j, 2170. 2207 

attached - - 22-1-3 The sprraain-/^.,-,/ I'in,.. 

xi. L/m-aua. ? 

30. Llavcv///c/ Otto, t Mexico 

lii:. 2177, 2178, 217f, 2180. 2267 
I.a Llavu's Tine. 

2ti. Sa!)in-''i'"7 l)ou_ r . * North America . , 

//,, i>n-ci-d!ni/ Sfi-tions, hut of which i/u-rc 
21. Co.'dten D.Don.? Santa Lucia ,m: Hv'uuj Munis in EinjluiuL -'J'JGS 

fi-. 2111. 21 !:,. 21 :< : . 21 17. 22oO ... . 

, -. , - . /. i'i . 31. califbrniana Lc/.v. i I California 

]>. N. . n.,rt. 2208 



Frasi-iv Lodd. Cat. - - - 22(59 
tiuioricnsis //r;/7. Timor - - 22G9 



/// liritnin. Tlit Coins tin /i.. ../,-../ nr /- 

In, <//. - - 'J'JW* 



C. (', s /,;/;', ,/,;..'/,'/// ttthcnlCtl. 
JX. ../.v/r:i/l.s. ? 

.I//,-/,.,-. ? CTniti-d States j ; > : >- tuberculata 7J. 7^. f_J California 



wii!,!. Mill., Ait I'l,., La.nl.. ; - , nu liata 7A 7>o. t -J California 
T!,!rt fit:. 2182. 2270 

/.-,//'/ / /'///.. >V//r/w /'/-, /';Vc/( Tlic radial. l-.s </// Tine. 

/'/;/ . \iin r. 

,,,, i "/' ' .',| I: 'I I'm Nurtli'in 8*. 'ft. ni. (Jmn<r. J,mi'cit ~> mil Sheath. 

\ !!.,,; I',,,,', I'ilrh 1'nn, Mi.l.llr Stat.'s. \ ( )ci'i,lfnt,'il, S. f ID f l_J 

( >.'/,; /'//,/; /',,/, nf tin- Timlicr M.T- : 

' i .in-! a...! ft.- \\.-t Ih.ii--. .;,-. cMrddi'iitalis .SVar/r. ? H3 West Indies 



. , .,,!! Nnrth Al.H'l 
!' , ,//// , / in (mi IJoutli 



CONTENTS. 



CX XXV11 



36. MontezurruE Lamb. 



Mexico 



Page 



fig. 



. 2184, 2185. 2272 

Montezuma's, or tHe'rough-branched Mexican, Pine. 
P. occideiUdlit Kunth, Deppe in Schl. Lin. 



xiiL Leiophylla. 1 l_J 

37. leiophylla Schiede et Deppe MSS. 

1U Mexico f. 2186, 2187, 2189. 

2273 
The smooth-leaved Pine. 

xiv. Cembra?. 1 

38. Cembra L. 1 Switzerland 

f. 2188, 2189, 2190, 2 191, 2192. 2274 
The Cembran Pine. 

P.fbliis quints, &c., Grael., &c. 

P. satlva Amm. Ruth. 

P. sylvdstris, &c., Bauh. 

P. sylvestris Cembro Cam. Epit. 

L,urix sempervlrens, &c., Breyn. 

Pinaster Aleiio, Sfc., Bell. Conif. 

Tafda arbor, Ctmbro Italdrum, Dale. 

Aphernousli Pine, Five-leaved Pine, the 

Siberian Stone Pine, the Swiss Stone 

Pine. 

Aroles, in Savoy. 
Alvies, in Switzerland. 
Cembra, in Dauphine. 
Ceinbrot, Eouve, Tinier, Fr. 
ZUrbelkiefer, Ger. 
Kedr, Russ. (See Patt. Fl. Ross.) 

Varieties 1 - - 2275 

1 sibirica i 

The Siberian Stone Pine, or Siberian 
Cedar. 

P. Cembra Lodd. Cat. 
Kedr, Pall. 

2 pygmara f 

P. C. pumila Pall. Ross. 
Slanez, Russ. 

3 helvetica Lodd. Cat. * 

The Swiss Cembran, or Stone, Pine. 



xv. Strbbi. i 

39. 5trobus L. 1 North America 

fig. 2193, 2194, 2195, 2196. 2280 
The Strobus, or Weymouth, Pine. 
P.fdliis qulnis, fyc., Gron. 
P. canadensis quinquefolia Du Ham. 
P. virginiuna Pluk. 
\jflrix canadensis Tourn. 
New England Pine, White Pine, Pumpkin 

Pine, Apple Pine, Sapling Pine, Amer. 
Pin du Lord, Pin du Lord Weymouth, Fr. 

Varieties 1 - 2280 

2 alba Hort. f 

3 brevifolia Hort. 1 

4 compre'ssa Sooth. 

Floetbeck Weymouth Pine. 

P. S. nova Lodd. Cat., ed. 1836. 

40. P. (S.) excelsa Wallich 1 Nepal 

fig. 2197, 2198, 2199. 2285 
The lofty, or Bhotan, Pine. 
P. Dicksonii Hort. 
Chilla, or Chylla, Himalayas. 
Kuel, Sirmone and Gurhwal. 
Lemshing, Bhotea. 
Raesula, or King of the Firs, Hindostan. 



41. (S.) Lambertidna Dougl. 1 N. Amer. 

fig. 2203. 2207. 2288 
The gigantic, or Lambert's Pine. 

42. (S.) monticola Dough 9- Columbia 

fig/2208, 2209. 2291 
The Mountain, or short-leaved Weymouth, Pine. 

App. i. Species of Pine which are not yet in- 
troduced, and of which little is known. 2292 

P. contdrta Dougl. N. W. Amer. figs. 2210, 2211. 

The twisted -branched Pine. 
P. squamosa Bate. Lower Alps. 

? P. tylvMri* var. 
P. turbinata Botc. N. Amer. 



II. ^f BIES D. Don. i * a. 2105. 2293 
THE SPRUCE FIR. 

Plnus of L. and others, in part. 

Picea Lk. 

Picea of the ancients. 

Sapin epicea, Fr. 

Fichtenoaum, Ger. 

Abiete, Ital. 

Abieto, Span. 

i. Leaves tetragonal) awl-shaped, scattered 
in insertion. D. Don. 

1. excelsa Dec. i Norway f. 2212. 2293 

The lofty, or Norway, Spruce Fir. 
A. commitnis Hort. 
A. Picea Mill., Michx. 
A. fbliis solitdriis, &c., Hort. Cliff., &c., 

Hall. 

P. A^bies L. Sp. PL, &c. 
P. Picea Du Roi. 
P. excelsa Lam. 
Common Spruce, Prussian Fir. 
Faux Sapin, E'picea, Sapin-Pesse, Serente, 

Sapin genlil, Pinesse, Fr. 
Lajic, in the Vosges. 
Gemeine rothe Tanne, Ger. 

Varieties 1 tt - - 2294 

1 commiinis i 

The common Spruce, or Wflz'te Fir of 
Norway. 

2 nigra i fig. 2213. 

The black-tawed Spruce, or Red Fir 
of Norway. 

3 carpatica 2 

The Carpathian Spruce Fir. 

A. carpatica Hort., and Hort. Brit. 

4 pendula 1 

The pendulous-ftrtmcAerf, or weeping, 
Norway Spruce Fir. 
A. commiinis pendula Booth. 
Plnus A^bies pt-'ndula Lodd. Cat. 

5 foliis variegatis i 
Blotched-leaved Spruce Fir. 

Plnus A^bies foliis variegatis Lodd. 
Cat. 

6 ClanbrasiKdna * 

Lord Clanbrasil's Spruce Fir. 
P. ClanbrasiRbna. Lodd. Cat. 

7 Clanbrasilmna stricta * 
Upright-growing Lord Clanbrasil's 

8 pygmara n. 

The pygmy Spruce Fir. 

A. nana Lond. Hort. Soc. Card. 
A. dlegans SHU of Ayr. 

9 tenuifdlia it 

The slender-leaved Spruce Fir. 
A. tfnutfdlia Sm. of Ayr. 



CXXXVIH 



CONTENTS. 



10 gigantea i 

The gigantic Spruce Fir. 
A. gigantea Sm. of Ayr. 

1 1 monstrosa 

The monstrous Spruce Fir. 

A. monstrdsa Hort. 
Other Varieties. 



Page 



- 2295 



2. alba Michx. * N. Amer. f. 2224. 2310 

The white Spruce Fir. 

Ylnus alba Ait., W., Lamb. 

Ylnus Idxa Ehrh. 

Tinus canadensis Du Roi. 

A^bies Piceafoliis, #c., Hort. Angl., Duh. 

A. curvffdtia Hort. 

Single Spruce, Amer. 

E'pinette blanche, Fr. 

Sapinette blanche, Fr. 



Variety 4 
2 nana Dickson 1 
Other Varieties. 



- 2311 



3. nigra Ait. f North America 

fig.' 2225,2226, 2227. 2311 
The black Spruce Fir. 

Pinus n}gra Ait., W., Lamb., Du Roi. 
"Plnus maridna Ehr. 
A*bies maridna Wangh. 
Double Spruce. 



4. (n.) rubra Poir. 



Nova Scotia 
fig. 2228. 2316 
The red Spruce Fir, or Newfoundland red Pine. 
Pinus americana rubra Wangh. 
Vlnus rubra Lamb. 

Variety 1 - 2316 

2 caerulea i 

A. ccerulea Booth. 

5. Smithidna Wall, * Himalayas 

fig. 2229. 2317 

Smith's, or the Himalayan, Spruce Fir. 
"Plnus Smith&na'Wall., Lamb. 
Plnus Khutrow Royle. 
A. Morinda Hort. 
Raga, or Eaggoe, in the Parbutee language. 

Varieties - - 2317 



6. (?e.) orientalis 1 Trebisonde 

The Oriental Spruce Fir. 

Plnu* orientate Lamb., L., Vitman. 



- 2318 



$ ii. Leaves flat, generally glaucous beneath, 
imperfectly 2-rowed. 

7. Douglasw Lindl. 1 North America 

fig. 2230. 2319 

Douglas's, or the trident-bracted, Spruce Fir. 
flnus taxtfdlia Lamb., Pursh. 
A. caltftrnia Hort. 
PlnusDougldsii SabineMSS., Lamb. Pin., 

iii. 90. 
The Nootka Fir, Sm. in Rees's Cyc. 

Varieties 1 - 2319 

2 tfaxifolia 1 

The Yew-leaved trident-bracted 
Spruce Fir. 

8. MenziesizDougl. 1 California 

fig. 2232. 2321 

Menzies's, or the wartcd-branchcd, Spruce Fir. 
Vlnu* Menziesii Lamb. 



Page 

9. canadensis L. 1 N. America - 2322 

The Canada Pine, or Hemlock Spruce Fir. 
Pmws canadensis'Ij. 
Pinus americana Du Roi, Ait., Lamb., 

Sm. 

flnus A.^bies americana Marsh. 
Perusse, by the French in Canada. 
Sapin du Canada, Fr. 
Schierlings Fichte, Ger. 

10. dumosa Lamb. 1 Nepal 

fig. 2233, 2234. 2325 

The bushy alpine Spruce Fir. 
I' 1 11113 dumnsa Lamb. 
A. Brtmoniana Lindl. in Penny Cyc. 
Fmus decidua Wall. MSS. ' 
Vim, 3 Bn.;jo,iiana Wall. PI. As. Rar. 



11. cephalonicai Cephalonia 

fig. 2235, 2236. 2325 

The Cephalonian Silver Spruce Fir. 

Koukounaria, and also Elatos, in Cepha- 
lonia. 

A. taxifdlia Hort. 
A. luscombedna Hort. 
The Mount Enos Fir. 

App. i. Species of A"bies of which little more 
is known than their Names. - 2329 



A. obovata D. Don. MS. Altai Mountains. 
Vtcea obopata Led. 
? A. SrmYAiana far. D. Don. 
. Mertensi'iHtf Bong. N. Amer. 
. sitche'nsis Bong. N. Amer. 
. tri K 6na Raf. Oregon country. 

heterophSlla Raf. Oregon country. 

aromgtica Raf. Oregon country. 

microphyila Raf. Oregon country. 

obliquata Raf. Oregon country. 

falcata Raf. Oregon country. 

hirtdlla Thunb. 

Kaempferii Thunb. 

Thunfergu Thunb. 

M6rni Sieb. 

Tordno Sieb. 
. Araragi Sieb. ' 



III. PI'CEA D. Don. - 2105. 2329 
THE SILVER FIR. 
flnus L., in part. 

A^bies Link, Nees Von Esenbeck, and Led. 
A^bies Du Roi, in part. 
Sapin, Fr. 
Tannen, Ger. 

1. pectinata * Europe f. 2237, 2238. 2329 

The comb-like-feflfled Silver Fir. 
A*bies of Pliny. 
flnus ficealj., &c. 
flnus A^bies Du Roi. 
A^bies alba Mill. Diet., &c. 
A^bies Tdxifdlio Tourn., &c. 
A^bies vulgaris Poir. 
A^bies pectinata Dec., Duh. 
A v W<w taxifdlia Hort. Par. 
Abies ficea Lindl. in Penny Cyc. 
A bies excelsa Lk. 
Spanish Fir. 
Sapin commun, Sapin a Feuilles d'lf, Sapin 

bldnc, Sapin argcntc, Sapin en Peigne, 

Sapin de Normandic, Fr. 
Weiss Tanne, Edeltanne, Ger. 

Varieties f. - - 2330 

2 tortuosa 1 

The twisted-branched Silver Fir. 

3 foliis variegatis f. 

The variegated-leaved Silver Fir. 

4 ciniTca * 

The i-mereous Silver Tine. 

l'it Pirfa cinerca Bauni. 



CONTENTS. 



CXXX1X 



2. (p.) Pichta 1 Altai Mountains 2338 

The Pitch Silver Fir. 

Plnus Pichta Lodd. Cat. 

Pinus sibirica Hort. 

A^bics sibirica Led., Lindl. in Penny Cyc. 

Abies Pichta Pitcher. 

Pichta, Russ. 

3. balsamea L. * North America 

fig. 2240, 2241. 2339 

The Balm of Gilead, or American, Silver Fir. 
Plnus balsamea L., &c. 
Abies btilsiinn'ii Marsh. 
Abies Taxi folio, $c., Hort. Angl., &c. 
Abies balsum(fcra Michx. 
Balsam Fir. 
Le Beaume dc Gilttad, le Sapin Baumier de 

Gilead, Fr. 
Balsam Fichte, Balsam Tanne, Ger. 

Variety 2S39 

2 longifolia Booth. 1 
The long-leaved Balm of Gilead Silver 

4. (b.) Fraseri Ph. 1 Carolina 

fig. 2243, 2244. 2340 

Fraser's, or the double Jialsam, Silver Fir. 
Plnus Fraseri Ph., Lamb. 
Abies Fraseri Lindl. in Penny Cyc. 

5. grandis Dougl. 1 N. W. America 

fig. 2245, 2246. 2341 

The great Silver Fir. 

Plnus grandis Dougl. MS., Lamb. 
A bies grandis Lindl. in Penny Cyc. 
The great Californian Fir. 

6. amabilis Dougl. 1 ? California 

fig. 224 7, 2248. 2342 

The lovely Silver Fir. 

Plnus amubilis Dougl. MS. 



7. nobilis Dougl. 



North America 
fig. 2249, 2250. 2342 



The noble, or large-bracted, Silver Fir. 
Plnus nobilis Dougl. MS., Lamb. 
Abies ndbilis Lindl. in Penny Cyc. 

8. Webbiona Wall. * Nepal 

fig. 2251. 2252, 2253. 2344 

Webb's purple-coned Silver Fir. 

Pinus Webb&na. Wall., Lamb. Pin. 
Plnus specfdbilis Lamb. Monog. 
Abies IVcbbi&na. Lindl. in Penny Cyc. 
Chilrow, and the Oonum, or purple-coned 
Fir, in the Himalayas. 

9. Pindrow Royle 1 Kamaon 

fig. 2254, 2255. 2346 

The Pindrow, or tooth-leaved, Silver Fir. 
Pinus Pfndrow Royle, Lamb. 
Taxus Lambertihna. Wall. Cat. 
Pindrow, and sometimes Morinda, in the 
Himalayas. 



10. bracteata D. Don. 



California 
fig. 2256. 2348 



The/i/V/-brarted Silver Fir. 

Pm bracietita Lin. Trans., Uimb. 

P)n vtniMa Dougl. in Comp. lo Hot. MOR. 



11. religiosa //. et K. 



The sacred Jferiooi Silver Fir. 

Pinut religitisa Hiunb. et Kunth. &c. 
Atto religibta Lindl. in Penny Cyc. 

? P. hirtella ..... 
A'W hirMla Lindl. in Penny Cyc. 
Vinm hirUlla Thunb. et Kunth. 



Page 

Mexico 

fig. 2257. 2349 



IV. A N RIX Tourn. 2105. 2350 
THE LARCH. 

P)n?/s L. and others. 
A'fcV Rich. 
Afe/fe?, Fr. 
Lerchenbaum, Ger. 
Laricio, Ital. 

1. europae x a itec. * South of Europe 

fig. 2258. 2350 
The European, or common, Larch. 

Plnus Ldrix L., &c. 

Abies Lin. Hort. Cliff. 

ILdrix dccidua Mill. Diet. 

lArtifbUo deciduo, &c., Bauh. 

Urix Bauh. Pin., Dod., Cam. 

Abies ILdrix Lam. 

Melize commune, Fr. 

Lor che, Lor cher- Fichte, GemeinerLerchen- 
baum, Terbcntinbaum, Europ'dische Ce- 
der, Weisser Lerchenbaum, Ger. 

Varieties ft * - 2350 

1 communis Laws. *L 

The common European Larch. 

2 laxa Z,aws. 

The loose-headed European Larch. 

3 compacta Laws. % 

The compact, or crowded-branched, 
Larch. 

4 pendula Laws. 

The weeping-branched European 
Larch. 

The weeping Larch from the Tyrol, 
Hort. Trans. 

5 repens Laws, ft 

The creeping-branched European 
Larch. 

6 flore rubro 

The red, or pink, flowered common 
Larch. 

7 flore albo 

The white-flowered Larch from the 
Tyrol. 

8 sibirica 

The Russian Larch. 
L. sibirica Fisch. 
? L. archangelica Laws. 
L. rossica Sab. 
PJwtw L. sibirica Lodd. Cat. 

9 dahurica * *fc 
The Dahurian Larch. 

L. dahurica Laws. 
10 intermedia ft 

The intermediate, or Altaian, Larch. 
L. intermedia Laws. 
Plnus intermedia Lodd. Cat. 
Offor Varieties - . 2353 

i. Fraseri Comp. to Bot. Mag. 

2. americana MX. Z N. America 2399 

The American Larch. 

Plnus \arlcina Du Roi. 

Vlnus microcdrpa W. 

A bies microcdrpa Poir. 

Hackmatack, Amer. 

Tamarack, by the Dutch in New Jersey. 

F.'pincttc rouge, in Canada. 

q2 



cxl 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

Varieties 5f - 24OO 

1 rubra If 

The small reA-coned American Larch. 
L. microcdrpa Laws. 
Pimes microcdrpa Pursh, Lodd. 

Cat. 
E'pinette rouge, Canada. 

2 pendula 

The black pendulous-branched Ameri- 
can Larch. 
L. pendula Laws. 
Plnus pdndula Ait., &c. 
Plnus intermedia Du Roi. 
Tlnus ~Larix riigra Marsh. 
A v bies pendula Poir. 
Tamarack, Amer. 

3 prolifera 

The proliferous-branched Larch. 
L. proltfera Malcolm. 



2105. 2402 



V. CE V DRUS Barrel. 1 
THE CEDAR. 

Pinus L., in part. 
Afoes.Poir., in part. 
~Larix Tourn., in part. 
Cedre, Fr. 
Ceder, Ger. 

1 . Libani Barr. t Mount Lebanon 

fig. 2267. 2402 
The Cedar of Lebanon. 

Plnus Cedrus L. and others. 

Plnus foliisfascicultitis,8fc., Du Roi. 

"Ldrix Cedrus Mill. Diet. 

"Lorix orientdlis Tourn., Duh. 

Cedrus mdgna Dod. 

C. conifer a Bauh., Ray. '. 

C. phcenicea Renealm. 

Cedrus Bell. 

A^bies Cedrus Poir., N. Du Ham., Lindl. 

Varieties f * - - 2402 

2 foliis argenteis 1 
The silvery-leaved 

3 nana i * 

The dwarf Cedar. 
Other Varieties. 

2. Deoddra Roxb. 1 Nepal 

fig. 2283, 2284, 2285, 2286. 2428 

The Deodara, or Indian, Cedar. 
Plnus Deodara Lamb. 
Xbies Deodara Lindl. 
Devadara, or Deodara, Hindostanee. 
The sacred Indian Fir. 

Varieties, or nearly allied Species 2429 
Shinlik, Moorcroft. Forests of La- 

dakh. 

Christa rooro, Moorcroft. Forests o 
Ladakh. 

VI. ARAUCA N RIA R. et P. 1 

2105.2432 
THE ARAUCARIA. 
Eutassa Sal. 
Colymbea Sal. 
Dombeya Lamb. 
Cupr<*ssus Forst. 
The southern Pine. 

1. imbricata Pav. 1 Chili 

fig. 2286. 2293. 243: 
The imbricate-feat^d Araucaria, or Chili Pine. 
A. Dombeyi Rich., Lindl. in Penny Cic. 
Vinus Araucaria Mol. 
Dombeya chiU nsis Lam. 
Pino de ChiU, Span. 
Peghuen, in the Andes. 
Sir Joteph Banks' g Pine. 



2. brasiliana Rich. ^ Brazils 

fig. 2294, 2295, 2296. 2439 
The Brazil Araucaria, or Brazil Pine. 

3. excelsa Ait. * Norfolk Island 

fig. 2297. 2301. 2440 
The lofty Arauraria, or Norfolk Island Pine. 
Eutdssa heterophylla Sal. 
Cuprdssus columnar is, fyc., Forst. 
Dombeya excelsa Lamb. 
Altingia excelsa Loud. Hort. Brit. 
Pin de Norfolk, Fr. 

4. Cunninghams Ait. * New Holland 

fig. 2303. 2305. 2443 

Cunningham's Araucaria, or the Moreton Bay 
Pine. 

Altingia Cunninghdmii G. Don, in Loud. 
Hort. Brit. 



VII. CUNNINGHA X M7J R. Br. * U 
2105. 2445 

THE CUNNINGHAMIA. 

Yinus Lamb. 
Belts Salisb. 

1. sinensis Rich. * L_) China 

fig. 2306, 2307. 2445 
The Chinese Cunninghamia, or broad-leaved 
Chinese Fir. 

Belis jaculifdlia Salisb. 
Pinus lanceoh'ta Lamb. 
ttbies major sinJnsis, $c., Pluk. 
Cunning/iamia lanceoluta R. Br. 
Araucaria lanceoldta Hort. 



VIII. DA'MMARA Rumph. 1 _J 

2105. 2447 

THB DAMMAR, or Amboyna, PINB. 
Pint/* Lamb. 
A'gathit Sal. 

1. orientalis Lamb. 1 i_l Amboyna 

fig. 2308, 2309. 2447 

The Oriental Dammar Pine, or Amboyna Pitch. Tret. 
Yinu* Dammara W., Lamb., Ait. 
Dammara alba Rumph. 
A'gathi* \orani hifblia Sal. in Lin. Trans. 
X. Dammara Rich. 
A'rborjavantfnsis, Sfc., Ray. 

2. australis Lamb, f i_l New Zealand 

fig. 2310, 2311. 2448 

The Southern Dammar, or Kauri, Pine. 

Cowrie 'rree, New Zealand Pitch. Tree, Korvrie Pine. 



App. i. A tabular View of the principal 
Pinetums, or Collections of Abittina, in 
Europe. - 



Sect. II. CUPRE'SSINJE. 



IX. THITJA.L. 



- 2453 



2105. 2454 



THE ARBOR VIT. 

Thuya, or Arbre dr. Vie, Fr. 
Lebensbaum, Ger. 



CONTENTS. 



cxli 



i. Thuja vtrte D. Don. 



Page 



1. occidentalis L. f Canada 

fig. 2312. 2314. 2454 

The western, or American, Arbor Vitae. 
Thiija Thcophrdsli Bauh. 
A'rbor Vita? Clus. 
White Cedar, Amer. 
Cedre americain, Cedre blanc, Arbre de 

Vie, Fr. 

Gemeiner Lebensbaum, Ger. 
Albero de Vita, Ital. 



Varieties 1 

2 variegata i 

The variegated-leaved Arbor Vitae. 
T. o.fdliis variegdtis Lodd. Cat. 

3 odorata Marsh. 1 

The sweet-scented Arbor Vitas. 

2. (p.) plicata Donn. 1 N. Amer. 2458 
The plicate, or Nee's, Arbor Vitae. 

3. chilensis Lamb, f _l Chili - 2458 

The Chili Arbor Vita?. 

Cuprdssus thyoides Pavon MSS. 



ii. Biota D. Don. 
4. orientals L. 1 China fig. 2215. 2459 

The Oriental, or Chinese, Arbor Vitae. 

Varieties 1 it 

2 stricta Hort. 

The fastigiate Arbor Vitae. 
T. pyramidalis Bauh. Cat. 

3 tatarica * 

The Tartarian Arbor Vitae. 
T. tatdrica Lodd. Cat. 



iii. Cyparissa D. Don. 

5. cupressoides L. 1 i_J C. G. H. 

fig. 2316. 2460 



The Cypress-like,_or African, Arbor Vitae. 
T. i 



aphylla Burm. 
6. pensilis Lamb. 1 \ I China 

The pensile Arbor Vitae. 



- 2460 



7. pendula Lamb. 1 Tartary 

fig. 23 17, 23 18. 2461 

The pendulous-branched, or weeping, Arbor 



App. i. Species not sufficiently known to be 
referred to any of the preceding Sections. 

T. dolobrftta I-in. Suppl., Thunb., W., Lamb. Japan - 2462 
Qua!, vulgo Fi no ki, ami Itmki, Ktempf. 



2105. 2462 



X. CA'LLITRIS Vent. 1 

THE CALLITRIS. 

Thuja L., in part 
Fresneli* Mirbtl. 



Page 

1. quadrivalvis Vent. f. Barbary 

fig. 2319. 2462 
The four-valved Callitris. 

Thiija articultita Desf. 
Cupre"ssus frvctu quadrivdlvi Shaw. 
Thiija strobilis tetragonis, 8fc., Vahl. 
C. Fothergilh' f - - - - 2464 

? Cupressus Fothergilli. 
C. triquetra C. G. H. - - 2464 

Cuprtesus triquetra Lodd. Cat. 

C. oipressiformis Vent, t N. Holl. - - 2464 

C. macrostachya Hort. f - - 2464 

App. i. Species of Cattitris Natives of Aus- 
tralia, and not yet introduced into Britain. 

C. rhombofdea R. Br. f_ N. Holl. - - - 2464 

C. obldnga Hich. Pt. Jackson - - - - 2464 

C.fruticdta R. Br. 

XI. CUPRE'SSUS L. 1 * 2105. 2464 
THE CYPRESS. 

Cypres, Fr. 
Cypresse, Ger. 
Cipresso, Ital. 
Ciproste, Port. 
Cypros, Hungarian. 

1. sempervirens L. i S.Europe 

fig. 2320. 2464 

The evergreen, or common, Cypress. 
C. pyramidalis Hort. 
Cypres pyramidal, Cypres ordinaire, Fr. 
Gemeine Cypressenbaum, Ger. 
The Italian Cypress. 

Varieties 1 2465 

1 stricta Mill. Diet. 

Cypres male, Fr. 

2 horizontalis Mill. Diet. 

C. horizontalis N. Du Ham. 
C. expdnsa Hort. Par. 

2. %6ides L. N. Amer. f. 2327. 2475 

The Thuja-like Cypress, or White Cedar. 
C. nfina mariana, fyc., Pluk. 
Thiija sphceroidalis, Rich. 
Cypres faux Thuja, Fr. 

Variety f. - 2475 

2 foliis variegatis i 

3. lusitanica Tourn. * Goa f. 2328. 2477 

The Portuges Cypress, or Cedar of Goa. 
C. glaiica Brot. 

C. pendula L'Herit., ? not of Thunb. 
Cedar of Bussaco. 

4. torulosa Lamb, t Nepal 

fig. 2329. 2331. 2478 

The twisted, or Bhotan, Cypress. 



5. pendula Thunb. 

The weeping Cypress. 



China 
fig. 2332. 2334. 2479 



App. i. Kinds of Cupressus of which there 
are Plants in British Gardens, but of which 
very little is known. - - - 248O 



C. horiiontalis Audibtri. 
C. expdnsa Avdibert. 

PC. tgpdtua Hort. Par. 
C. Fothergflli Lee. 
C. thurifera Hort. Soc. Gard. 
C. Tournefdrtti Audibert. 
C. baccifdrmis Willd. 
C. australis Pert. 



cxlii 



CONTENTS. 



.Page 

App. ii. Kinds of Cuprtssus not yet intro- 
duced. - - 2480 



t'. nootkatensis Lamb. 
C. japonica Thunb. 



XII. TAXO\DIUM Rich. S 1 1 uJ 

2105. 2480 

THE TAXODIUM, or Deciduous Cypress. 
Cuprtissus,!;. 
SchuMrtia. Mirb. 
Condylocdrpus Salisb. 

1. distichum Rich. *t N. Amer. 

f. 2335. 2481 

The two-ranked-feoaed Taxodium, or Deciduous 
Cypress. 

Cupressus dlsticha L., &c. 

Cuprtssus americana Cat. Carol. 

Cupressus virginidna Comm. Hort. 

Schuberfia distichu Mirb. 

Bald Cypress, Cypress, Amer. 

Cypres de V Amerique, Cypres chauve, Fr. 

Zweyzeilige Cypresse, Ger. 

Varieties 2481 

1 patens Ait. *t 

2 nutans fig. 23362338. 

The long-leaved Deciduous Cy- 

press. 
T. d. pendulum Lond. Hort. Brit. 

3 excelsum Booth. % 

4 sinense 

T. sinense Noisette. 

5 sinense pendulum * 

T. sindnse pdndulum Hort. 

T. sempervlrensLrtmft. f N.Am. figs. 2339, 2340. 2487 

The evergreen Taxodium. 
T. capense f i_J C. G. H. - - 2487 



The Cape, or African, Taxodium. 
' juniperOides. L*. 



XIII. JUNI'PERUS L. 



1 1 uJ * ** 
2106. 2487 



THE JUNIPER. 

Sabina Bauh. 
Cedrus Tourn. 
Genevrier, Fr. 
Wachholder, Ger. 

. Oxycedri. Leaves spreading in the adult 
Plants. D. Don. 

communis L. * Europe, America, 
and Asia - fig. 2343, 2344. 2489 

The common Juniper. 

J No. 1661 a., Hall. 

vulgdris, Sfc., Ray, &c. 

minor Fuchs, Dalech. 

communis saxdtilis Pall. 

alpma Clus. 

J. minor monttJna C. Bauh. 
Genevrier commun, Fr. 
Gemeiner Wachholder, Ger. 

Varieties * - 2489 

1 vulgaris Park. <fc 

J.v.fruticbsa Bauh. 
J. c. er<?cto Pursh. 

2 suecica Mart. * fig. 2343. 
The Swedish, or true. Juniper. . 

J. suecica Mill. Diet. 
J. vulgaris drbor Bauh. 



Page 

3 nana Willd. m. fig. 2344. 

J. communis /3 Fl. Br., &c. 

J. c. sanitiUs Pall. 

J. No. 1661. Hall. 

J. alplna Ray, &c. 

J. alplna minor Ger. Emac. 

J. minor montdna, S;c., Bauh., N. 

Duh. 

J. nana Sm. Eng. Fl. 
J. sibirica Hort. 
J. ddurica Hort. 
J. c. montdna Ait. 

4 oblonga * fig. 2346. 

'J. obl6nga Hort. 

5 oblonga'pendula jfe fig. 2345. 

6 canadensis fig. 2347. 

J. canadensis Lodd. Cat. 

7 deprt-ssa Pursh. * 

J. canadensis Lodd. Cat. 
Other Varieties. 

2. Oxjcedrus L. * Spain, Portugal, 

and France - fig. 2351, 2352. 2494 
The Sharp Cedar, or brown-berried, Juniper. 
J. mdjor Cam. Epit. 
J. m. monspeliensium Lob. Ic. 
J. phcsnlcea, ffc., J. Bauh. 
J. major, SfC., C.:Bauh., &c. 
Cedrus phcenlcea Matth. 
Qrljcedrus Clus. 
Qxycedrus phcenlcea Dod. 
The prickly Cedar. 
Le Cade, Fr. 
Spanische, Ger. 

3. macrocarpa Sm. m Greece f. 2353. 2494 

The large-fruited Juniper. 

J. mdjor, bdccd caertileA, Tourn. 

4. drupacea Lab. * a. Syria 

fig. 2354, 2356. 2495. 

The drupaceous, or large-fruited, Juniper. 

5. virginiana L. 1 North America 

fig. 2357. 2495 

The Virginian Juniper, or Red Cedar. 
J. major americana Ray. 
J. maxima, Sfc., Sloane. 

Varieties i - - 2495 

2 humilis Lodd. Cat. _ 

3 caroliniana f 

J. caroliniitna Du Roi. 

Other Varieties 

6. bermudiana L. i Bermudas 

fig. 2357. 2498 

The Bermudas Cedar. 

Cedrus Bermuda Ray's Letters. 

J. nepalensis Hort. - - 2499 

Cupressus nepaUnsis Hort. 

ii. Sabina;. Leaves of the adult Plant im~ 
bricated. D. Don. 

7. Sabina L. * Spain, &c. 

fig. 2359 2363. 2499 
The common Savin. 

Varieties * !U - - 2499 

1 cupressifolia Ait. m fig. 2359. 
The Cypress-leaved Savin. 
J. lusitdnica Mill. Diet. 
Sabina Dod. 
Kablnafdlio Cupressi Bauh., Duh., 

Ray. 
J.a Sflbme male, Fr. 



CONTENTS. 



cxliii 



9. phcenicea L. 



. 

2 famariscifolia Ait. * fig. 2360. 
The Tamarisk-leaved, or berry-bear- 

ing, Savin. 
Sablna folio Tamarlsci Diosctri- 

di& ] ' in ft . 

J. Sablna Mill. Diet. 
ia Sabinefemelle, Fr. 

3 foliis variegatis M*r*. 

4 prostrata * fig. 2361,2362. 

J. prostrata Michx. 

J. repens Nutt. 

J. hudstnica Lodd. Cat. 

5 alpina JL. fig- 2363. 

J. alpina Lodd. Cat. 

8. daurica Pal/. - Daiiria 

fig. 2364, 2365. 2500 

The Davirian Juniper. 

S. Europe, &c. 
fig. 2366. 2501 

The Phoenician Juniper. ~ 

J. major Dioscdridis Clus. 
Cedrus phcenicea media Lob. 
Cidrus lycia retiisa J. Bauh. 
Cidrus folio Cupressi major, fyc., C. Bauh. 
Oxycedrus I'ycia Dod. 
Genttvricr de Ph&nicie, Fr. 
Dichtnadliger Wachholdcr, Ger. 

10. (p.) lycia L. * t>. South of Europe 
fig. 2367. 2502 
The Lycian Juniper. 

J. p. /3 lycia N. Du Ham. 

Cedrus phoenicea dltera Plinn et Theo- 

phrdsti Lob. 
C. folio Cupressi, $c., C. Bauh. 

1 1. thurifera L. 1 Spain fig. 2368. 2503 

The incense-bearing, or Spanish, Juniper. 
J- hispdnica Mill. Diet. 
C&drus hispdnica, $c., Tourn. 

12. excelsa Wittd. t Himalayas 

fig. 2369. 2503 

The tall Juniper. 

J. Sabina var. Pall. 
Himalaya Cedar-wood. 

13. squamala D. Don. * Nepal - 2504 

The scaled Juniper, or creeping Cedar. 

14. recurva Ham. * Nepal f. 2370. 2504 

The recurved Nepal Juniper. 

15. uvifera D. Don. * Cape Horn 2504 

The grape-bearing, or large-fruitcil, Juniper. 



16. barbadensis L. 



West Indies 2504 



The Barbadoes Juniper. 
J. lienniuJiiina Hort. 
Jamaica Utrry-bearing Cedar. 

17. chinensis L. * - China 

fig. 237 1,2372. 2505 

The Chinese Juniper. 

J. c. 2 Smith/*' ? 1 - fig. 2373. 2505 

App. ii. Kinds of Juntperns mentioned in 
Books, but of which very little is known. 2505 

J. fcDtidissima WUld. 
J- capcnsis Lam. 



l&mpetrdcece. 



it a. 



I. .E'MPETRUM L. 

THE CROWBERRY. 



1. nigrum L. 



Page 

2506 



- 2506 



Britain 
fig. 2374, 2375. 2507 

The black Crowberry, or Crakeberry. 
E. montdnum fructu nlgro Ray. 
Erica Matth. 

Erica bacclfera Cam. Epit. 
E. cocclfera procumbent Ger. Emac. 
E. Corisfdlio undtcima Clus. 



Variety . 
2 scoticum Hook. n. 



- 2507 



2. rubrum L. 



South America 
fig. 2376, 2377. 2507 

The red-fruited Crowberry. 

Cranberry of Stolen Island. 

II. CORE V MA D. Don. . - 2506. 2508 
THE COREMA. 

E'mpctrum L., in part. 

1. alba D.Don. - Portugal 2508 

The white-berried Corema. 

E'mpetrum dlbum L., &c, 
E'mpctrum lusitdntcum, fyc., Tourn. 
Erica erfctts, Sfc., Bauh. Pin. 
The white-berried Heath. 
Portugal Crakeberry. 



III. CERATTOLA MX. * 2506. 2508 

THE CERATIOLA. 

1. ^ricoides South Carolina 

fig. 2378, 2379. 2509 
The Erica-like Ceratiola. 



Smildcece. 



I. ^MPLAX L. 

THE SMILAX. 



Ifl. 



2509 



- 2510 



i. Stems prickly and angular. 

1. aspera L. i. S. France f. 2380. 2510 

The rough Smilax. 

Rough Bindweed. 
Smilax, Fr. and Ger. 

Varieties _ - 2510 

2 auriculata Ait. L 
Leaves ear-shaped at the base. 

3 mauritanica 

S. mauritdnica Poir. 

2. excelsa L. _ Syria fig. 2381. 2511 

The tall Smilax. 

S. orienitilfs, Sfc., Tourn. 
S. aspera Alp. JEgypt. 

3. rubens Wats.L. N. Amer.f. 2382. 2511 
The red'tendriled Smilax. 



cxliv 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

4. Sarsaparilla L. ft- N. and S. America 
fig. 2383. 2511 
The medicinal Smilax, or Sarsaparilla. 

S. dspera peruviiina Sarsaparilla Bank. 

S. peruviuna Park. 

S. glauca Michx. 

The glaucous-leaved Smilax. 



5. hastata Willd. ft- Carolina 

The spear-shaped-feawed Smilax.' 
S. B6na nox Michx. 
S. dspera var. Lam. 



- 2512 



Variety ft. - 2512 

2 lanceolata Ph. ft. fig. 2383. 
S. lanceolata Walt. 
? S. longtfolia Wats. 



6. Walter* Ph. L. 

Walter's Smilax. 

S. China Walt. 



Virginia - 2512 



ii. Stem prickly, round. 



7. China L. ft- China - 

The Chinese Smilax. 

China radix Bauh., &c. 
C. vulgdris officindrum Ger. Emac 
Smilax dspera'm'inor Plum. 
Sankira, vulgo Quaquara, Kcempf. 

8, rotundifolia L. ft- N. America 

The round-leaved Smilax. 



- 2513 



2513 



9. teurifoliaZ. ft- N. America - 2513 

The Laurel-leaved Smilax. 
S. dltera, &c., Plum. Ic. 
S. lafvis, $c., Catesb. 



N. America - 2513 



10. /amnoides L. 

The black Bryony-like Smilax. 

S. Kryoni<e nlgree, S(C., Catesb 

11. caduca L. -A S. America 

The deciduous Smilax. 



- 2514 



iii. Stalks unarmed, 4-angled. 

12. Bona nox L. ft- N. America - 2514 

The Bona-nox, or ciliated, Smilax. 

S. dspera 1'ndice occidentalis Bauh. 
S.Jbliis ltttis,Scc., Pluk. 
S. variegdta Walt. 

13. latifolia R. Br. * N. Roll. - 2514 

The broad-leaved Smilax. 

14. quadrangularis Muhl. ft- N. Americj 

fig. 2385. 251 
The four -angled Smilax. 



iv. Stems unarmed, round. 
15. lanceolata L. ft- Virginia, &c. 25K 

The lanceolate-/ca*'fd Smilax. 
S. non-sptnosa, S(C., Cat. 



6. virginiana Mill. A. 
The Virginian Smilax. 



Page 

Virginia - 2515 



7. pubera Willd. ft. 

The downy SmUax. 

S. p'umila Walt. 



North America 2515 



App. i. Kinds of Smilax which are either not 
introduced, or of which we have not seen the 
Plants. - - - 2515 

. orata Ph. Georgia 

. alba PA. Carolina. 

. pandurata Ph. N. Amer. 

. nlgra W. Spain. 

? The black-berried ir. of S. dupera. 
. cataldnica Pair. Spain. 
. hdrrida Desf. N. Amer. 
. gladca Walt. N. Amer. 

? S. Sarsaparilla far. 
>. alplna W. Greece. 



Lilidcece. 



2515 



1. JSPA'RAGUS L. * - i- - 2516 

THE ASPARAGUS. 

SarmentdcecE, part of, Juss., Nees Von 

Esenbeck. 
Asperges, Fr. 
Spar gel, Ger. 
Coralcruyt, Dutch. 
Sperage, Old English. 

[. scandens Willd. S- C. G. H. - 2516 

The climbing Asparagus. 

2. albusL. a- Candia - - 2516 

The white Asparagus. 

A. spindsus, fyc., Park. 
A. sylvestris, $c., Ger. 
Corrida ttrtia Clus. 
Wild Thong Sperage. 

3. aphyllus * S. Europe - 2517 

The prickly Asparagus. 

Corruda t'tltera Clus. 

A. petrafa, Prickly Roche Asparagus, 
Park; 

Variety - - 2517 

2 creticus fruticosus, &c., Tourn. 

4. (a.) acutifolius L. * Spain - 2517 

The acute-leaved Asparagus. 
A. Corruda Scop., fyc. 
A. filiis aciitis Baub." 
A. sylvestris Cam. 
A., petrous Ger. 
Corruda I. Clus. 

5. horridus L. *- ? Spain - - 2517 

The horrid-s/?mcd Asparagus. 
A. hispdnica Tourn. 



II. 721TSCUSL. tt*.i-t-J 

THE BUTCHER'S BROOM. 
Fragort, Fr. 
M'dusedorn, Ger. 



2516.2517 



1. aculeatus L. tn Britain - - 2518 

The prickly, or common. Butcher's Broom. 
RiifCTM No. T2:W. lIall.,8{C. 
Myrtacdntha, Lob. 



CONTENTS. 



cxlv 



R./. Brusrus Ger. 

K. iiu/rtj/'d/ius aculcdtus Tourn., Ac. 

RtttCtU Uod. 

Box Holly, Knee Hold/, Wild Myrllc,PricMt 

I'ftt. 
lloux Frelon, Petit Houx, Buis piquant 

Fragon epiiunx, Fragon piquant, Fr. 
Stcchcnder M'duscdorn, Ger. 

Varieties n. - 2518 

2 rotuntlifolius Burr. n. 

R. vulgarts fdlio-amplidre Dill. 

3 laxus SOT. 

R. /d^tw Lodd. Cat. 

V II. flexuusus Mill. No. 6. 

^. hypophyllum Z/. . Italy and Africa 
fig. 2387. 25 1 9 

The under-leaf Ruscus, or broad-leaved Butcher 
Broom. 

U. latifdlius, SfC., Tourn. 

Lounu akxandrlna Lob., Bauh. 

L. a. Chainccdtiphne Col. 

L. a.genulna Tourn. 

L. a. vdra Clus., Ray. 

L. ChamtEddphne vera Dioscoridis Park. 

L. a. dltera Matth. 

Fragon sans Foliole, Fr. 

Brcitblattriger Mauscdorn, Ger. 

Variety _ - 2519 

2 trifoliatum . Zante. 
R. trifolidtus Mill. 

3. (h.) 7/ypoglossum .L. a. Italy, &c. 

2519 

Tlio Under-tongue Ruscus, or double-leaved 
Butcher's Broom. 

R. angusttfblius, fyc., Tourn. 

Hypoglussum Lob. 

"Latirus alexandrlna, fructu pedlculo insi- 

dente, Bauh., Ray. 
Uvuldria Brunf. 
Fragon u Foliole, Fr. 
Zungen Mausedorn, Ger. 

4. racemosus L. . Portugal 

fig. 2388, 2389. 2520 

The branchy Ruscus, or Alexandrian Laurel. 

R. angustifdlius, frfictu summis rdmulis, 

8(c., Tourn. 
Fragon a Grappes, Fr. 
Trauben M'duscdorn, Ger. 
R. andr6gynus L. fc_ | | Canarj' Isles- - 2520 

III. YU'CCA L. a imi_l 2516. 2521 

THE YUCCA, or Adam's Needle. 

1. gloriosaZ,. * Virginia, &c. f.2390. 2521 

The glorious Yucca, or Adam's Needle. 
Y.fdliis PJ Iocs Bauh. 
Y. canadena Aid. Hort. 
Y. indica, SfC., Barr. Rar. 
Yticca perndna Ger., &c. 
Y. ndva gloriosa, SfC., Lob. 
Cordyllne, $c., Ray. 
The superb Yucca. 
Yucca nain Bon. Jard. 
Yucca a Feuittes entieres, Fr. 
Prachtiger Yukka, Ger. 

Variety m - - 2521 

2 foliis variegatis Lodd. Cat. 

2. (g.) superba Haw. S. fig. 2391. 2523 

The superb Yucca, or Adam's Needle. 
\ . gloridsa And. Bot. Rep. 

3. aloifolia L. i South America 

fig. 2392, 2393. 2523. 

The Aloe-leaved Yucca, or Adam's Needle. 
Y. (trfmr> : sccns, &c., Dill. 
A'loe Yiiccae/o/jw, cauttsccns, Pluk. 



Page 
A. americana Ywcc Joliis, arbor escens, 

Com. 

Y. caul 't/scens, foliis lincari-lanceolatis, 8(C., 
Miciix. 

Variety - 2523 

2 pendula Cat. Hort. Par. 
The pendent-tecwed Aloe-leaved Y. 

4. draconis L. 1 S. Carolina f.2394. 2525 

The Dragon Yucca, or drooping-ieaved Adam's 

Needle. 

Y. dracbnis folio serrdto refldxo Dill. 
Draconi arbor i, $c. , Bauh. 
Tac6ri/rf/ib Dracini drboris simili Bauh. 

5. stricta Sims 1 Carolina f. 2395. 2525 

The upright Yucca, or Lyon's narrow-leaved 
Adam's Needle. 

6. recurvifolia Salisb. 



The recurved-leaved Yucca. 
Y. recurva Hort. 



Georgia - 2526 



7. filamentosa L. * Virginia. f. 2396. 2526 

The filamentose Yucca, or thready Adam's N 
Y.fdliisfilamentdsis Moris. Hist. 
Y. virginidna, $c., Pluk. 

8. (f.) angustifdlia Ph. * North America 

The narrow-leaved Yucca. fig- 2397. 2526 

9. flaccida Haw. m Georgia f. 2398. 2527 

The flaccid-kawed Yucca. 

10. glaucesceps Haw. m North America 
The glaucescent Yucca. fig. 2399. 2527 



HalfJiardyMonocotyledonoiLsPlantS) 
deserving a place in the British 
Arboretum. - 2527 

Foucroya longaeVa Karw. Mexico 

fig. 2400,2401. 2527 
F. gigantea Vent. S. America 2527 
Littae'a gemmiflora Brig. Peru 

Agbve gemmtfdra Ker. fig. 2402. 2522 
fionapdrtea. juncea Haw. 

Agave americana L. S. America 2529 

The American^Aloe. 

Phormium tenax L. N. Zealand 2529 

The New Zealand Flax. 

ChamaeVops humilis L. S. Europe 

fig. 2403. 2530 

The dwarf Fan Palm, or Palmetto. 
Phce"nix humilis Cav. 
Piilma hitmilis Bauh. 
Palmiste E'ventail, Fr. 
Zwergpalmc, Ger. 

serrulata Willd. i Georgia 2532 
hjstrix Ph. 1 Georgia - 2532 

Palmetto Willd. Carolina - 2532 

Corypha Palmetto Walt. 
The Cabbage Tree, Amer. 

Bttmbusa nigra Lodd. Cat. India 
B. ? arundinacea i India 



Arundo Donax Willd. 
Mount Mtna - 

r 



2532 
- 2532 

S. Europe and 
2532 



CONTENTS OF SUPPLEMENT. 

SUPPLEMENT, 

CONSISTING OF ADDITIONS AND CORRECTION 7 ?. 



le Specie- or Varieties not included in the body of the work, but here added, have the sipn of addition 
prefixed, thus + . Those in which the name has been altered have the mark I prefixed. 



Part I. HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY, 6cr. 

Part II. OF THM SCIK.NCE 01 THE STCDY or TRF.V:S 



- 2533 

- 2534- 



- 2534- 

- i>5.'J7 



M. ripens (/'. Don 

Xandinn?. 



Part III. THE ARBORETCM ET FRCTICETCM BRITANMCCM. 

ClematidcfC. - 2534- B c j i:1 ' h '7rl//! '' 

Clematis triternata Dec. - - 2534 i y/ - /mvir < llia 
-f C. nepalrn^is Dec. 1 Mounts | Mahonw Xntt. 

Choor, Urnkta, (N.e. - 2534 M. faseiculiiris Dec. 

The Nepal Clematis. 

C. i:')tt'*i>iii D. Don. 

C. nmtidlntt var. Ham. MS. 

4- C. Henilerson/; Hurt, 'i Hybrid 2535 j 

C. fl('rida - 2535 j + Xandina doinestica Hinnb. 
4- C. f. 3 Sieboldt/ D.Don. 1 i I China fiir. 2410. 2537 

Japan 2535 

C.' 'bict'iu'r Hurt"." 

4- *13. r. cajrulca Lint/. -L Japan 

fiLT. 2407. 2535 



Cruel ucecp,. 

Cheiranthns Cln-lri fruticulosus 
/bc-ris sempervirens 



253S 



The blue, or violet, jlovcrcd Clematis 

C. tKiirt-a firnndijttra Sit-b. j 

C. if i iin</'jiiifii Hurt . s~i , ^ T 11 

r. Vitia-lla L. - - 2535 LlstltCCd' Lmdl. - 2538 

T. V. 5 baccata 2535 j ( , } ^^ ] ati ,- () ] ius _ ^.^ 

C. i-ampamfiorayy/--/. 2,>: 5 j iHianthenuun 

r. balesincayj'/f//. fiL'. 2408. 2535 J 

C. inontana - - 2535 

2538 

2538 



jPolygala (Jhanuebnxns L. 



.Macrnol/V/ fjrandifiora 
.M. L'lauca 
M. triprtala 
M. purpnrca 
LiricnUndron Tulij)if'era - 



- 2530 i 
- 253( 



Ax'niunrt A dans. 



Bcrbcracc.T. 



/,'. nnpctrifi li.-t I .rim. 
//. (lorilii'inda 

I!. \..,nHM(iH!'H*tifMfHHi II. 

/V. a-iAtu-ii /,'- .,'-. - 

'/'A ,' /, :"/// . / /; -,<;< - 

//. duiib.ita /,?//,//. 



- 2538 

- 2538 

fi;r. 2411. 2538 

Tilidccct'. - ^538 

- 2538 

- 2538 
fii;. 2112. 2540 

7 'I'nifi/rt'nit i :'ici ; c. 2540 
2537 ( , )nl( . )nw 

:^.j3i'i (!aniell/V/ reticnlata 



CONTENTS OF SUPPLEMENT. 



cxlvii 






1'age 

*Rypericcicea>. - 2541 

//ypericum canariense L. fig. 2414. 2541 
H. chinense L. - 2541 

? H. nepalense Hort. 

//. Kalm&mttn Lam. - - 2541 

|| U.foltisum Ait. 

J/. prolificum i. fig. 2415. 2541 

/f. aegyptiacum L. fig. 2416. 2541 

4- //. nepalense /Tor*. J* - 2541 

Kceracecc. - 2541 

^cer oblongum JJW/. fig. 2417, 2418. 2541 
A. Pseudo-Platanus - - 2542 

A. campestre - - 2542 

+ var. 5 laevigatum. 
The smooth-leaved Field Maple. 

4- A. c. 6 nanum Hort. & - - 2542 

The dwarf Field Maple. 
Doubtful Species of AVer - 2543 

Anticipated Species of AVer. 

A. ibericum - - 2543 

A. laevigatum ... 2543 

A. villosum - - 2543 

4- Negundof. 3 fliolaceum Booth 2543 



- 2543 

- 2543 

- 2543 
. 2543 
. 2543 

- 2543 

- 2543 
. 2543 

- 2543 

- 2543 

- 2544 

- 2544 

- 2544 
. 2544 

- 2554 



^'sculus - 

IE. Hippocastanum - 
-f JE. H. 4 fbliis argenteis 
JE. (H.) ohioensis - 

M. (H.) rubicunda - 
JE. (H.) Lyorm - 
Pavia hybrida .. 
P. macrostachya - 

Other Varieties of Pdvia. 

Vitacece. 
Ampelopsis hirsuta - 

Rutacece. 

72uta graveolens . 
Half-hardy Species of Ruta 



App. I. Half-hardy Species of Rutdcea. 
-f CorraeVz alba Sm. i_j fig. 2419. 2544 

C. cotintfblia Sal. 

-f C. a. 2 rotundifolia Dec. * i_J - 2554 

C. rnfa Vent. 

4- Crowea ^aligna Sm. in i-J fig. 2420. 2544 
-f Boronwz serrulata Sm. * i_J 

fig. 242"l, 2422. 2544 

Xanthoxylacete. 2544 

Ptelea trifoliata - - 2544 

Coriacece. - 2545 
Coriaria wyrtifolia - - 2545 

C. microphylla - . 2545 



Qelastrclcete, 



Page 

- 2545 

2545 

- 2545 

- 2545 

- 2545 



JEuonymus europae^us - 

E. sarmentosus 

E. garc\r\uefoliu.<; 

E. grandiflorus 

+ E. caucasicus Lodd. Cat. * 

fig. 2423. 2545 

? E. ndna Bieb. 
E. japonicus 
Celastrus scandens 
4- C. nepalensis 
4- C. ^yracanthifolia 



fig. 2425. 2545 

- 2545 

- 2545 

- 2545 



Nemopanthes canadensis fig. 2424. 2545 

Aquifolidcete. - 2545 

Plex ^quifolium - 2545, 2546 

4- /. A. 24 fructu nigro Hort. J - 2545 

The black-fruited common Holly. 

/. balearica fig. 2426. 2546 

4- /. magellanica Lodd. Cat. i - 2546 

Prinos deciduus - - 2546 

P. verticillatus - - 2546 

P. glabcr fig. 2428. 2546 

P. coriaceus fig. 2427. 2546 



- 2546 

Zizyphus sinensis . 2546 

Z. Jujuba fig. 2429. 3546 

Paliurus virgatus D. Don. * 

fig. 2430. 2547 

The twiggy Christ's Thorn. 

-Khamnus . 2547 

R. hybridus - . 2547 

R. Erythroxylon . 2547 

R. E. angustissimum - - 2647 

.ff./>ersicif61ius Bert. ... 2547 

4- R. glandulosus Hort. & - 2547 

Ceanothus azureus - - 2547 

intermedius - - 2547 

4- C. collinus Doug. L fig. 2431. 2547 

The Hill-side Ceanothus. 

horrida Willd. fig. 2432c. 2548 

+ C. wlicina Gil. fig. 2432. 2548 

Retanilla ^phedra Bron. fig. 24326. 2548 

Pomadorris . . 2548 



Anacardiacete. - 



Pistacia 



2548 

- 2548 
. 2548 
. 2548 

- 2548 



R. suaveolens .. 
Rhus aromatica 

|| R. suaveolens Ait. 

(I Myrlca trifoliata Hort. 

|| Toxicodendron crenaturn Mill. 

+ R. caustica Hook 1 - - 2548 

Latirus caustica Mol. 

Duvaua ovata fig. 2433. 2549 

r 2 



cxlviii 



CONTENTS OF SUPPLEMENT. 



LcguminbsfC. 
Sect. I. 



Pae 

- 2549 

- 2549 

Sophora - 2549 

+ Baptisia tinctoria R. Br. J* | 

fig. 2434. 2549 

+ v4nagyrisfoe'tidaL.^_jfig.2435.2549 
+ A. f. 2 glauca Dec. j* _J - - 2549 
+ A. latifolia Willd. ^ _j - 2549 

Brachysema latifolium - - 2549 



Sect. II. 



2549 



t/ rv lex europae^a - - 2549 

partium junceum, + 3 odoratissi- 

mum D. Don. * fig. 2436. 2550 

+ S. acutifolium Lindl. * - - 2550 

Genista parviflora - 2550 

G. umbellate - - 2550 

G. monosperma - 2550 

G. aethnensis - - 2550 

G. anxantica - 2550 

|| G. scaridsa Viv. 

|| G. janufasis Viv. 

|| G. genutnsis Pcrs. 

G. sagittalis - - - 2550 

G. procumbens - 2550 

G. canariensis fig. 2437. 2551 

+ G. splendens Webb et Berth. * _j 255 1 
+ G. stenopetala Webb et Berth * _j 2551 
G. microphylla - - 2551 

Cytisus .Laburnum - - 2551 

C. scoparius - - 2551 

C. Weldeni - - 2551 

C. proliferus - 2551 

+ C. aeolicus GUM. * fig. 2438. 2551 
+ C. elegans Ait. m - - 2551 

+ C. racemdsus Marnock . - 2552 
Adenocarpus ... 2552 
Am6rpha glabra - - 2552 

Robinia ... 2552 

R. dubia ... 2552 

R. hispida - - 2552 

Caragana microphylla - - 2552 

Cblutea arborescens fig. 2440. 2552 

Half-hardy Lafete. 

Bossiae'a rufa - fig. 2441. 2552 

^nthyllis erinacea ..- - - 2552 

Sect. III. /TEDYSA'RE^E. - 2552 

Half-hardy Hedysarea. 
Desmodium polycarpum Dec. 

fig. 2442. 2552 

lledysarum polycarpum Poir. 

-I- D. nutans Wall. & ,_j fig. 2443. 2553 

Sect. IV. PHASEO'LE^. - 2553 

Wistaria chinensis - 2553 

Half-hardy Pha'se.olea. 
+ Kennedya rubicunda Vent, fl- il 2553 

Glycine rubicunda Curt. 
Car Una, rubicdnda Mcench. 



Page 

fig. 2444. 2554 



+ K. ovata Sims JL i I 

K. cordnta Lindl. 

+ K, monophylla, K. inophylla, K. 
Comptonzan, K. prostratu, 
K. bracteata, and K. sericea 



2554 
2554 



Sect. V. CASSIE^. 

Half-hardy Species. 

Poincia/wz pulcherrima - - 2554 

Other Half-hardy Legumindscc. 

Acacia Cavenza - - 2554 

A. JuUbrissin - 2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 

- 2555 

- 2555 

- 2555 

- 2555 

- 2555 

- 2555 

- 2555 

- 2555 

- 2555 
2445. 2555 

- 2555 

- 2555 



Sect. I. 

^mygdalus nana 

A. n. 3 campestris 

A. n. 4 incana 

A. n. 5 sibirica 

Persica 

P. vulgaris 6 compressa 

^rmeniaca 

A- pedunculata Hort. 

Prunus 

P. domestica myrobalana - 

P. candicans 

Cerasus 

C. sylvestris 

C. chfcasa 

C. pubescens 

C. Padus 4 bracteosa 

C. mollis 

C. lusitanica 

C. 1. 2 Hixa - fig. 

|| Padus racemosus 

Sect. II. 



, % 

Spiraea chamaedrifolia media f. 
S. wlmifolia phyllantha fig. 
S. crataegifolia - fig. 

S. detulaefolia - fig. 

S. alpina 

|| S. a. latifolia 

|| tfhalictroides 

|| S. /jypericifolia var. flava 
S. ceanothifolia fig. 

S. ^ypericifolia l&csseridna fig, 
S. .salicifolia alpestris fig. 

+ S. nutans 
+ S. taurica 



Sect. III. POTENTI'LLEJE. 

- 2557 

R. ida3 r us fig. 2454. 2557 

R. fruticosus ... 2557 

Potentilla fruticosa - - 2557 

P. f. 2 dahurica - - - 2557 



2446. 
2449. 
2448. 
2450. 
2447. 



2452. 
2451. 
2453. 



2555 
2556 
2556 
2556 
2556 
2556 
2556 
2556 
2556 
2556 
2556 
2556 
2556 
2557 

2557 



CONTENTS OF SUPPLEMENT. 



cxlix 



P. f. :i tenuilobn - - 2557 

|| P. florilnmdu - - 2557 

4- X.* CowA v NL4 D. Don. - 2557 

The Cowania. 

4 1. C. plicata D. Don n. fig. 2455. 2557 
The plaited-fcawcd Cowania. 

Sect. IV. RO?SE&. - 2558 

-Rosa - . . . 2558 

-Kosa microphylla - 2558 

-f R. m.alba j ... 2558 

If. alpina ... 2558 

+ R. a. 15 speciosa * - 2558 

R. Sabin* ... 2559 

4- R. S. gracilis aft - - - 2559 

R. Donidna - - 2559 

4- R. D. horrida <tt - 2559 

R. Wilson* Borr. - - 2559 

A*, damascena - - 2559 

4- R. d. subalba at fig. 2456. 2559 

R. centifolia - 2559 

4- R- c. muscosa cristata Hook, at 2559 

R. pompdnia - 2559 

R. gallica - fig. 2457. 2559 

R- alba - fig. 2458. 2559 

R. lutea - - 2559 

4- R. 1. 4 flore pleno & - 2559 

4- R- 1. 5 Hoggw * 2560 

/?. rubiginosa ... 2560 

-\-R.LyonH & - - 2560 

R. canina - fig. 2459. 2560 

R. indica ... 2560 

+ R.i. 12 flavescens Hort. * . 2560 

+ R. i. 13 Blairi D. Don. * - 2560 

-ft.sinica fig. 2460. 2560 

IIR. hystrix IAnd\. 
II R. Uevigata Michx. 

R. macrophylla - - 2560 

C'rataeVus coccinea - - 2562 

4- C. c. 5 neapolitjina Hort. t - 2562 

Mesptlus constantinopolitdna Godefroy. 

C r rata& v gus punctata - - 2562 

II C. p. 4 brevispina Doug. f. 2462. 2562 

C. ovalifolia - - 2562 

C. Douglasw . . 2562 

C. trilobata ... 2562 

C. Aronia - 2562 

C. heterophylla - - 2562 

C. Oxyacantha - - 2562 

C. 0. 9 purpurea - - 2562 

|| C. prunifolia - - 2562 

C. (). 21 stricta - - 2562 

C. mexicana ... 2562 

II C. Lambertiima Hort. 

xvi. Glauca. - - 2625 

Synopnt of the Species of Cratcegus - 2562 
Additional Species of Cratcfgus. 

+ C. florentiua Znrr/i. % - - 2563 
MJspilus florcntlna Bert. 

+ C. opuca Hook. . 2563 



Pajjc 

|| XIII.* STRANV^S/^ Lindl. 2563 

The Stranvoesia. 

II 1 . S. glaucescens Lindl. 1 

fig. 562, 563. in p. 845. 2563 

CraUE^gus glatica Wall. 

Cotoneaster (v.) laxiflora - 2563 

+ C. (v.) 1. 2 uniflora Fitch. & - 2564 

C. nummularia - - 2564 

II C. elliplica Hort. 

\\Eriobutrya elliptica Lindl. 

II VUlftou Culle Hort. 

+ C. laeVis Lodd. dfc - - 2564 

Pyrus communis - - 2564 

P. variolosa ... 2564 

P. Michauxw - - 2564 

P. (Malus)jorunifolia - - 2564 

P. (M.) dioica - - 2564 

P. (c.) angustifolia - - 2565 

+ P. Schotti Led. ^ 2565 

+ P. stipulacea Hort. - - 2565 

P. AYm angustifolia - - 2566 

|| P. A. longifolia Hort. - 2566 

P. A. edulis Hort. - - 2566 
II Cratts^gus grteca Hort. 

P. rivularis ... 2566 

P. americana ... 2566 

II P. canadtnsis Hort. 

P. Sorbus ... 2566 

P. spuria . 2566 

P. (arbutifolia) melanocarpa - 2566 

M^spilus capitdtta Lodd. 
II M.floribunda Lodd. 
II M. pubens Lodd. 

P. (a.} ra. 2 subpubescens Lindl. 2566 

II P. m. xanthocdrpa Hort. 

P. grandifolia - fig. 2465. 2566 

P. Chamsemespilus - 2566 

Eriobotrya - 2566 

E. elliptica - 2566 
Kageneckza crataegoides fig. 2466. 2566 
Calycanthus laevigatus - - 2566 
Chimonanthus fragrans - 2566 
f C. f. 4 parviflorus Hort. & - 2566 

Granatacecc. - 2566 

Punica Granatum - - 2566 

Onagracecc. - 2566 

Fuchsza microphylla - - 2566 

F. excorticata - - 2567 
+ F. fulgens Dec. a i_| - - 2567 

Philadelphctcetz. - 2567 

4- Philadelphia Gordonidnus Lindl. a 2567 

-f 6. * P. speciosus Schrad. & - 2567 
The showy-Jlotrered Philadelphus, or 
Mock Orange. 

P. grandiflorus ... 2567 

Deutzz scabra - - 2567 

D. Brunoia ... 25^7 
+ D. grandiflora at . . 2567 



I 'ON TENTS OF SIT PL K.ME NT. 

CoJ'flUCCGC. 



Cornus 



'(ce(C. - 2567 

Kiu-aKptus rulmMa fig. 2167. 25(i7 

K. ivinviidalina - - 2507 

4- K. aipina 7 /,7. i_J - - 2567 

Lt'pto.-.penuum lanigerum - 2567' 

L. baccatum - 2567 i Aticnha - - fig. 2479. 

L. Hexuosum - - 2567 | Lonaithus europiv'us 

L. Lrranditioruni - - 256/ -,/'7 <N 

L. >tfllatum (^apnjoiiacccc. 

4- L. Avoparium Frxt. f* iig. 2^68. 2J.6-- > .Sani'mciis - 

7/ !'/ ^'uii'n'/ rn >'''< '/<"'"/'''' j * 'ibunium 

Xai' /^a/.aift Ten r'/nh'. ] V. h'jv!<:atuin - - 

Jlfvrtus coiiiiniiiiis fiu'. 2-169, 2170. 25u*> I n v. c,.'/-(;///i)?/?///; Hort. 

, i /'. Lantana 

Crussulaccec. - ->56S ! /; j^ ,, jr ran dif'Mi:i 

^'eduni uopulifolium fiu;. 2i7 1. 2568 ! V. rotinit'oliinn 

. v ||V. Mnll-iha " 

+ Keaun.um 7/ypcrieoides Willd. ! r - - ^ n: ^ na ]I(l>i - - 

. i fi-r -^472, 2473. 2569 i Lonicer// 

UyperfrKm altcrnljinum lib. \ L. purvifloni 

4- R. venniculata Linn. - J - 2569 j L. seinpcrvircus 

C^/'ffi. 2569 I ^ ^ f^^ 1 ^ L fig . ^ j S 3. 

Opuntia vul-aris fiii. 2474. 2569 ! c^rif^iium hi^hMum Dou^. 

I L. longiHora hg. 2482. 

GrossulacetC. - 256<? j _^_ L t m0 ntana 7/o/7. fi_ - 

7^V; ( - A - . - 2569 Syiiiphoricarpu.s raceniosus 

R. lacustre - ^569 I Ii///y/r/(vv6'. 

7s*. nniltirtorum - - 256!) , 

n it. VI///TVIMIM. i Cephalanthus 

7^. j)ro.>tratuin - - 2.>6f) j _j_ Lucitl'm gratissima 1). Don * \_ 

R. resinoMiin - - 256f) i iiu'. 2ls4. 

- 2570 

- 2570 
R. fioridum - 2570 | 

|| R. (n.) i'. 2 nmdif!(jrum llorl. 2570 

K' in ' cl)rums ^^o I CuSi" 

7t. cereuni - ~ '- tj ' u 



257 1 
2571 



257 1 
257 1 
257 I 

2572 

2572 
2572 
2572 



4J I 

2572 



- 2572 



2572 
2572 



2573 



Composite, 



fi'Z. 73s. 2570 



7 J vrctIirum 



2573 
2573 
2573 



7i'. flavuni fig. 2176. 2570 

Mr. Gordon'* Li.^t of the dillercnt 

.sjjecics of'7i'//yr.v. - -570 

4- Escallonw glandulosa * _l - 2570 Stcnanthera ;/mifV.lia fig. 2488. 

+ !;. illinita _J fig. 2177. 2570 



-fyfnthemis porrigcns ILn-t. 

iig. 248(i 
Eriocephalus afric-anus fiu. 2187. 2573 



/.'. 7\'tralix 
7;iipleiinnn i'ruticosiiii) fiL'.217s. 2.j7O /,''.,,.]' )rc . a 

7/rdcra //riix - 2570 

I \n iiiinin I nuici cC. 
77ainanieh.i \ ii'L'nnca 



lor the Culture of Ca])e 



2573 
2573 

2571- 

2574 
257-1 
2574 
2574 
2571 
2574 
2574 

2574 



CONTENTS OF SUPPLEMENT. 



Ctt 



Page 

Cassiop* - - - 2574 


Page 

Qledcea. - 2578 


Lyom - - 2574 
L. marginata - fig. 2489. 2574 
L. mariana fig. 2490. 2574 
L.racemosa - fig. 2491. 2574 


Ligustrum - - 2578 
L. spicatum - - 2578 
+ L. s. 2 glabrum Hook. 1 - 2578 
L. lucidum - -' - 2579 


Arbutus CAiedo - - 2575 


LA. 2 floribundum fig. 2508. 2579 


A. hybrida - 2575 
A. ^ndrachne - fig. 2492. 2575 


L.ja^onicum - - - 2579 
Phillyrea - - 2579 


+ A. speciosa f _j 


O v lea ...- 2579 


'.+ A. nepalensis 1 _J - - 2575 
^rctostaphylos U v va-ursi - 2575 
+ A. U. 2 austriaca Lodd. *~ - 2575 


O. capensis fig. 2509. 2579 
+ Notela2 v a /mustrina Vent. Sk 
fig. 2510. 2579 


Pernettyfl mucronata - - 2575 
Gaulthen'a Shallon - - 2575 


Syringa - - - 2579 
S.JosikaeV* - - 2579 


Epigas^a repens 2575 


S. Emodi - - - 2579 


+ E.r.rubicunda D.Dow *, - 2575 


.Fraxinus - - 2579 


Rhododendron - - - 2576 


F. excelsior - 2580 


R. ponticum azaleoides - - 2576 


F.e. aurea - - 2580 


+ R. p. fragrans * - - 2576 
R. maximum hybridum fig. 2494. 2576 
R. Purshzi - - - 2576 
R. punctatum fig. 2495. 2576 


F. purpurascens - - 2580 
F. purpurea - - - 2580 
F. (e.) angustifolia fig. 251 1. 2580 
F. /entiscifolia fig. 2512. 2580 


R. p. 2 majus - - - 2576 
R. nudiflorum rutilans fig. 2496. 2576 
R. viscosum Cartoiua fig. 2497. 2576 


F. epiptera - 2580 
Jasmindcecz. - 2581 


R.Rhodora - fig. 2498. 2576 


t/asminum - - 2581 


Kalmia - 2576 




Menziesw globularis fig. 2499. 2576 


Kpocynacece. - 2581 


Azalea procumbens fig. 2530. 2576 


Finca .... 2581 


Ledum - - 2576 


+ F. acutifolia Sert. *. - 2581 


Faccinium - 2576 




V. grandiflorum fig. 2501. 2577 


Asclepiadsicese. - 2581 


F.joadifolium - fig. 2502. 2577 
Oxycoccus - - 2577 
Half-hardy Species of Ericdcea. 


Half-hardy Species of Periploca. 
+ Physianthus albicans Hort. 1 __J 2581 

P. unduUtus Hort. 


fig. 2503. 2577 


Bignomacese. - 2581 


C. racemifl&ra L. 
C. carolinidna Michx. 
Andrvmeda. plumdta Marsh. 
I'tea carolinidna L'Herit. 
I. CyrillA Swt. 


Bignonia - - 2581 
Tecoma radicans - 2581 
T.r. major - - - 2581 


I. racemiflbra Lam. 


Solandcete. - 2581 


+ 'b&yrsinacetf. - 2578 


|| Grabowskia - - 2581 


+ Myrsine africanai. i_l fig. 2504. 2578 

M. gldbra Gaertn. 
Vltts idafa OEthv'tpica Com. Hort. 
Euxus afrtc&na Pluk. 

+ Mantilla Milleriawa Pers. * i_J 

Sidertxylon mite L. fitr. 2505. 2578 


Solanum - - - 2581 
S. bonariense - - 2582 
ABalbisii - fig. 25 14. 2582 

II S. dec&rrens Balb. 
II S. branctqfoh'utn Jacq. 
II S. maurittanum Willd. 


Myrsine mltis Spr. 


II S. viscosum Dec. 


Sapotaceae. - 2578 

.Sumelia /ycioides fig. 2506. 2578 
B. salicifolia - fig. 2507. 2578 


S. littorale Hort. - - 2582 
jLycium lanceolatum f. 2513. 2516. 2582 
L. turbinatum - fig. 2517. 2582 

Scrophularidcete. - 2582 


^benacecc. - 2578 


Half-liardy Species. 


Z>iospyros - 2578 


+ Pentstemon Scouleri Doug. L 


D. intermedia, D. digynia, and D. 


fig. 2518. 2582 


stricta - 2578 


+ P. atropurpurca G. Don. . - 2582 



clii 



CONTENTS OF SUPPLEMENT. 



Page 

Labidcccc - 2582 

'.Thymus grandiflorus fig. 2515. 2582 

Prostanthera lasianthos fig. 2519. 2583 

Nerbendcea?* - 2583 
Fitex incisa - ^ - - 2583 

Clerodendron speciosissiraum - 2583 

II C. squamutum Vahl. 

Aloysia citriodora - - 2583 



- 2583 
Plumbago capensis fig. 2520. 2583 

Chenopodidcetf. - 2583 

^'triplex J7alimus - - 2583 

Kochia prostrata - 2583 

Yotygondcete. - 2583 

+ Tragopyrum maritimum Doug. - 2583 

\jtaurdceac. - 2583 

Z/aurus nobilis - - 2583 

L. Sassafras - - - 2583 

Proteacese. - 2584 

+ Banksia latifolia R. Br. * i_J 

fig. 2522. 2584 

Thymeldcece - 2584 

jDaphne Mezereum - - 2584 

~&l<zagnace<x. - 2584 

.Elseagnus hortensis orientiilis - 2584 

E. conferta . - - 2584 

7/ippophae Rhamnoides - - 2584 

Aristolochidcece. - 2584 

- 2584 



I?uph6rbz'fl! spinosa - - 2585 

+ E. Afyrsinites L - - 2585 

+ E. rigida . - - 2585 

l?uxus sempervirens - - 2585 

Half-hardy Species. 

Plagianthus divaricatus fig. 2524. 2585 
+ C'roton rosmarinifolia Cunn. m _j 

fig. 2523. 2585 
+ Adelia Acidoton * I fig. 2525. 2585 

Urticdcete. - 2586 

-Moms nigra fig. 2526. 2586 

M. alba - - - 2586 

M. a. Morettiaw - - 2586 

M. a. macrophylla - 2586 

M. hispanica ... 2586 

Broussonett<z papyrifera - 2586 

+ B. p. 3 fructu albo * - - 2586 

Borya acuminata - - 2586 

B. /igustfina - 2586 

Ficua .... 2586 



Ulmdcea?. 
7'lmus 

U. c. nana & - 

U. americana .. 
+ U. a. foliis variegatis 

Suglanddcece. 
Jiiglans - - 

C'arya alba 
Pterocarya caucasica 

Salicdcea?. 



S. babylonica 

S. b. Napoleona 

S. nigra ^ fig. 2527 a. 

S. /igustrina fig. 2527 b. 

S. versicolor fig. 2528. 

+ S. coluteoides Mirb. & fig. 2529. 

+ S. sitchensis Hort. & - 

Populus 

P. nigra and P. fastigiata - 

P. alba 

P. tremula 

P. fastigiata - - 

P. balsamifera fig. 2530. 

Retuldcecc. 

^4'lnus .... 
+ A. acuminata H.ct B. $_ Jf.2531, 
+ A. castaneaefoliaMw-6. ^ _ if. 2532 
^etula alba 
B. fruticosa - 
B. papyracea 

Coryldcete. 

Quercus 

Q. sessiliflora ... 

Q. Cerris 

+ Q. C. laciniata fig. 2534. 

Q. heterophylla 

Q.Phellos 

Q. BalMa 

Q. gramuntia 

Q. hispanica 

Q. virens 

Q. hemispJue rica Bart. Dot. Card. 
Q. serrata 
Q. glaberrima 
Mexican Oaks 
Q. xalapensis 
J^agus 

Fagus cochinchinensis Lour. 
F. antarctica Forst. - - - 
F. Aetuloides 

F. sylvatica fig. 2536. 

Castanea 
Carpinus 
O'strya virginica fig. 2537. 



Page 

2586 
2586 
2587 
2587 
2587 

2587 
2587 
2587 
2587 

2587 
2587 
2588 
2588 
2588 
2588 
2588 
2588 
2588 
2588 
2588 
2589 
2589 
2589 
2589 

2589 
2589 
2589 
,2590 
2590 
2590 
2590 

2590 

2590 
2590 
2591 
2591 
2591 
2591 
2591 
2591 
2591 
2591 

2591 
2592 
2592 
2592 
2593 
2593 
2593 
2593 
2593 
2595 
2595 
2595 



CONTENTS OF SUPPLEMENT. 



cliii 






Corylus ^vellana 
(7. A. purpurea 
C. rostrata 

Platandcetz. 
Platanus 

^alsamdceae. 
Liquidambar Styraciflua 

lAyricacece. 
Jkfyrica Gale 

Gnetaceae. 
JJ'phedra americana 

Taxdcete. 
Taxus baccata 
Phyllocladis /richomanoides 

Coni 
Pinus 

P. sylvestris 
P. pumilio 



P. p. Mughus 

P. pumilio Link. 

P. uncinata 

P. rotunddta Link. 

Pinus Laricio 
P. austriaca 

P. nlgra Link. 

P. nigra 



Pmg* 

- 2595 


P. Pinaster 


Page 

- 2598 


- 2595 


P. P. Lemoniawa 


- 2599 


- 2526 


P. halepe'nsis 


- 2599 




P. h. maritima 


- 2599 


G(C. - 2597 


P. brutia 


- 2599 


- 2597 


P. variabilis 


fig. 254-0. 2599 


ze(E. - 2597 


P. Llaveana 


- 2599 


i - 2597 


^ v bies 


- 2599 




A. excelsa 


- 2599 


e(Z. - 2597 
- 2597 


ficea vulg&rit Link. 
A. e. viminalis 


- 2599 




. P. vimintilis Alstrcem. 




'ae. - 2597 


Hangetanne, Swedish. 




fig. 2539. 2597 


A. e. stricta 
A. Smithz'ana 


- 2600 
- 2601 


Z. - 2597 


A. cephalonica 


- 2601 


- 2597 


Picea 


- 2601 


ides - 2597 


P. pectinata 


fig. 2542. 2601 


ietinde. 2591 


P. religiosa 


fig. 2543. 2602 


- 2597 


Z/arix europae^a 


- 2602 


- 2597 


L. americana 


- 2603 


- 2598 


Cedrus Libani 


- 2603 




C. Deoddra 


- 2603 


- 2598 


Araucaria excelsa 


- 2603 


- 2859 


A. Cunninghams 
Ddmmara australis 


fig. 2545. 2603 
- 2603 


- 2598 


Cupressus sempervirens 


- 2605 


- 2598 


Juniperus 


- 2605 




J. hemisphaeTica Presl 


- 2605 


- 2598 


Agave americana 


fig. 2546. 2605 



APPENDIXES. 

APP. I. Form of Return Paper - 2609 

APP. II. List of Trees and Shrubs growing in Italy, with their system- 
atic and popular Italian Names - - - - 2510 

APP. III. Priced Catalogues of Trees and Shrubs, contributed by British 

and Continental Nurserymen - 2617 

I. Catalogue of American and other Tree and Shrub Seeds, imported 

for Sale by George Charlwood - - - 2618 

II. Catalogue of Forest and Ornamental Trees, American Plants, and 

Flowering Shrubs, sold by Richard Forrest - 2620 

III. A List of Trees, Plants, &c., sold by Peter Lawson and Son, Edin- 

burgh - - 2626 

IV. Catalogue of Hardy Trees and Shrubs cultivated for Sale in the 

Nursery of the Brothers Baumann, at Boll wy Her - - 2635 

V. List of Trees and Shrubs taken from the Retail Catalogue of James 

Booth and Sons, Hamburg - - . 2646 



INDEXES. 

Index to Genera, including the English Names and scientific Syn6nymes - 2655 

Index to Miscellaneous Subjects - - 2667 

Index to Persons and Places - - - 2672 



cliv 



LIST OF PORTRAITS OF TREES 



LIST OF THE PORTRAITS OF TREES 

FORMING VOLS. V. VI. VII. AND VIII. 

IK THE ORDER IK WHICH THEY ARE PLACED IK THESE VOLUMES, WITH THE KAME OF THE 
PLACE WHERE EACH TREE GREW, AKD OF THE ARTIST WHO TOOK THE PORTRAIT. 



The number on the left hand merely shows the series ; that on the right extremity of the column, in pa- 
renthesis, is the number printed on the plate ; and the number preceding it refers to that page of the body 
of the work where the tree is treated of. 


VOL. V. 


MAGNOLJ^V^ 


22. T. americanal Qf7Q , , OK x 


1. Magnolia grandiflora - p. 261. (1.) 

Brentford Nursery. Miss Eliza Ronalds. 

2. M. g. exoniensis - p. 261. (3.) 

The Chiswick Villa. Miss M. L. 


r 'iu \ r P* 373. (24. or 25.) 
(syn.alba)J ' 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

23. T. (a.) laxiflora - p. 374. (23.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 


3. M. glauca - - p. 267. (4.) 

Mile End Nursery. Mr. R. Varden. 


24. T. (a.) pubescens p. 374. (22. or 27.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 


4. M. gl. Thompsonwzna - p. 267. (5.) 

Mile End Nursery. R. Varden. 


ACERA'CEJE. 
25. ^cer tataricum - p. 406. (26.) 


5. M. tripetala p. 269. (6.) 


Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 


Mile End Nursery. R. Varden. 


26. A. spicatum - p. 406. (30.) 


6. M. macrophylla - p. 271. (7.) 


Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 


The Chiswick Villa. Miss M. L. 


27. A. striatum - p. 407. (28.) 


7. M. acuminata - p. 273. (10.) 


Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L 


Messrs. Loddiges, Hackney. R. Varden. 


28. A. macrophvllum - p. 408. (34.) 


8. M. acuminata, full-grown tree - (9a.) 

Duke of Northumberland, Syon. G.R. Lewis. 


Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

29. A. ^latanoides - p. 408. (35.) 


9. M. cordata - - p. 275. (11.) 


Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 


Messrs. Loddiges, Hackney. R. Varden. 


30. A. p. laciniatum - p. 409. (36.) 


10. M. auriculata - p. 276. (8.) 

Messrs. Loddiges, Hackney. R. Varden. 


Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

31. A. saccharinum - p. 411. (37.) 


11. M. (a.) pyramidata - p. 277. (9.) 

Messrs. Loddiges, Hackney. R. Varden. 


Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

32. A. Pseudo-Platanus - p. 414. (33.) 


12. M. conspicua - p. 278. (12.) 

Mile End Nursery. R. Varden. 

13. Liriodendron Tulipifera p. 284. (13.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. F. Rauch. 


Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

33. A. Pseudo-Platanus, full- 1 / , 
grown tree 

Studley Park. H. W. Jukes. 


14. L. Tulipffera, full-grown tree (12a.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis* 


34. A. obtusatum (syn. hy-1 m(3g } 
bndum) 




Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 


TlLIA N CE2E. 


35. A. opulifolium - p. 420. (31.) 


15. Tflia europae'a - p. 364. (15.) 


Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 


Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 


36. A. O'palus - p. 420. (31a.) 


16. T. e., full-grown tree - (80.) 


Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 


Studley Park. H. W. Jukes. 


37. A. eriocarpum - p. 423. (40.) 


17. T. (e.) platyphylla - p. 365. (19.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 


Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

38. A. e., full-grown tree - (390.) 


18. T. (e.) p. minor - p. 365. (20.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 


Bot. Card., Kew. L. Martin. 

39. A. rubrum p. 424. (39.) 


19. T. (e.) laciniata - p. 366. (21. or 22.) 


Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 


Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 


40. A. r., full-grown tree - (38a.) 


20. T. (e.) parvifolia aurea p. 366. (25.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 


Bot. Card., Kew. L. Martin. 

41. A. monspessulanum - p. 427. (27.) 


o I *j~i /p *\ alKa fsvn &r *1 


Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 


gentea) - [ P' 3 ^' * . ) 


42. A. m., full-grown tree - (27a.) 


Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 


Ham House, Essex. H. W. Jukes. 



FORMING VOLS. V. VI. VII. AND VIII. 



civ 



43. A. campestre p. 428. (32.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

44. A. c., full-grown tree, 4to - (32a.) 

Studley Park. //. W. Jukes. 

45. A. creticum,^ full-grown j pt43a(40fl) 

Syon House, Middlesex. G. R. Lewis. 

46. Negundofraximfolmm p. 460. (41.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mist M. L. 

47. W. f. crispum - p. 460. (42.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 



48. ^'sculus Hippocastanum p.463. (43.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

49. &. H., full-grown tree - (44.) 

Forty Hill, Enfield. W. J. Nesfield. 

50. M. (H.) rubicunda "I 46? ,, g . 

(syn.carnea) - J P* " v ') 
Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

51. Pavia rubra - p. 469. (48.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

52. P. r., full-grown tree - (48.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

53. P. r. humilis pendula - p. 470. (52.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

54. P. flava - p. 471. (50.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

55. P. f., full-grown tree - (51.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

56. P. macrocarpa - p. 473. (52.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 
SAPINDA v CEjE. 

57. Kolreuten'a paniculata - p. 475. (53.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

XANTHOXYLA^CE^E. 

58. Xanthoxylum /raxineum p. 488- (54.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. LeJeune. 

59. Ptelea trifoliata - p. 489. (55.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

60. Aildntus glandulosa - p. 490. (56.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mitt M. L. 

61. A* g., full-grown tree - (55.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 



62. 2?uonymus europae\is - p. 496. (57.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

63. E. latifolius - p. 498. (58.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 



64. Tlex yfquifolium - p. 505. (59.) 

Bayswater. H. Lc Jeune. 

65. /. A., full-grown tree - (59a.) 

Studley Park. H. W. Jukes. 

66. 7. opaca - p. 516. (60.) 

Messrs. Loddiges. Mm M. L. 

67. /. opaca, full-grown tree - (596.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 



69. 
70. 
71. 
72. 
73. 

74. 

75. 

76. 

77. 
78. 
79. 
80. 

81. 
82. 
83. 
84. 
85. 
86. 
87. 
88. 
89. 
90. 
91. 
92. 
93. 
94. 
95. 



Paliiirus aculeatus - p. 527. (61.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

P. a., full-grown tree - (606.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

.Shamnus catharticus -p. 531. (62.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

R. alpinus - p. 536. (62c.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

R. Frangula - *p.537. (62a.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

R. latifolius - p. 538. (626.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

HOMALINA'CEJE. 

Aristoteh'a Mdcqui - p. 543. (63.) 
Fulham Nursery. H. W. Jukes. 

LEGUMINOUS ^E. 

Sophora japonica - p. 563. (64.) 
Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

S. j., full-grown tree, 4to - (63a.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

S. j. pendula - p. 564. (65.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

Virgilia lutea - p. 565. (66.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

Cytisus .Laburnum - p. 590. (67.) 
'Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 



mcisum 
Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M~ L. 

C. alpinus - p. 591. (70.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

C. a. pendulus - p. 591. (70a.) 
Messrs. Loddiges. H. Le Jeune. 

Robim'a Pseud-acacia - p. 609. (71.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

R. P.-A., full grown tree - 71.* 

Kenwood. W. J. Nesfield. 

R. P. -A. umbraculifera p. 610. (7 la.) 

Bayswater. H. Le Jeune. 

R. P.-A tortuosa - p. 6 10. (72.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. LeJeune. 



R. viscosa 

Hort. Soc. Card. 



p. 626. (73.) 
Miss M. L. 



R. hispida macrophylla p. 628.'(73a.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

Caragdna arborescens - p. 629. (75.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. /. 

Gledftschia triacanthos p. 650. (76.) 
Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

G. t., full-grown tree - p. 650. (75a.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

G. inerrais - p. 650. (776.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

G. i., full-grown tree - (76a.) 
Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

G. sinensis (syn. horrida) p. 654. (78.) 
Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

G. (s.) japonica - p. 654. (80.) 
Messrs. Loddiges. H. Le Jeune. 
s 2 



clvi 



LIST OF PORTRAITS OF TREES 



96. G.(s.)nana - p. 654. (80.) 

Messrs. Loddiges. H. Le Jeune. 

97. G. (s.) purpurea - p. 654. (786.) 

Messrs. Loddiges. H. Le Jeune. 

98. G. (s.) macracantha - p. 654. (78.) 

Messrs. Loddiges. H. Le Jeune. 

99. Gymnocladus cana- 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 



j p 65(J> 



100. G. c., full-grown tree 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 



(82.) 



101. Cercis Siliquastrum - p. 657. (83.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

102. C. S., full-grown tree - (826.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

103. C. canadensis - p. 659. (83.) 

Hort. Soc..Gard. Miss M. L. 

104. Acacia dealbata - p. 666. (74.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 



VOL. VI. 



105. 
106. 
107. 
108. 
109. 
110. 
111. 

112. 

113. 
114. 
115. 
116. 
117. 
118. 
119. 
120. 
121. 
122. 
123. 
124. 
125. 
126. 
27. 



ius communis p. 674. (85.) 

HortT Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 

Persica vulgaris - p. 680. (86.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mm M. L. 

Jrmeniaca vulgaris - p. 682. (87.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mm M. L. 

A. sibirica - p. 683. (88.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mm M. L. 

Prunus spinosa - p. 684. (90.) 
Hort. Soc. Gard. H. W. Jukes. 

P. insititia - p. 687. (91.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. W. Jukes. 

P. domestica myroba- 1 
lana 
Hort. Soc. Gard. Mist M. L. 



(gg >} 



Cerasus sylvestris 1 
- 



, . . 
(95 ') 



(95a.) 



(syn. duracina) - ' 693 ' 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

C. s., full-grown tree 

Studley Park. H. W. Jukes. 

C. vulgaris (syn. avium) p. 693. (94.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

C. v. semperflorens - p. 701. (96.) 
Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

C. Mahdleb - - p. 707. (98.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 
C. Padus - p. 709. (99.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

C. serotina 
Hort. Soc. Card. 

C. lusitanica - p. 714. (97.) 
Syon House. H. Le Jeune. 

C. L, full-grown tree - (97a.) 

Syon House. H, Le Jeune. 

CYatae v gus coccfnea - p. 816. (102.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 



p. 712. (101.) 
H. Le Jeune. 



C. glandulosa 

Hort. Soc. Gard. 

C. punctata 
Hort. Soc. Gard. 

C. pyrifolia 

Hort. Soc. Gard. 



- p. 817. (1020.) 
H. Le Jeune. 

p. 818. (104.) 

H. Le Jeune. 

p. 81 9. (105.) 
H. Le Jeune. 



C. macracantha - p. 819. (105.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 



C. Crus-galli 
Hort. Soc. Gard. 



p. 820. (103.) 
Miss E. Ronalds. 



C. C., full-grown tree - (1060.) 
Fulham Palace. H. Le Jeune. 



128. 
129. 
130. 
131. 
132. 
133. 
134. 
135. 
136. 
137. 
138. 
139. 
140. 
141. 
142. 

143. 
144. 
145. 
146. 
147. 
148. 
149. 
150. 
151. 



C. C. pyracanthaefolia p. 820. 

Hort. Soc, Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

C. C. salicifolia - p. 820. 
Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

C. C. ovalifolia - p. 821. 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

p. 821. 
Jeune. 
C. nigra - p. 822. 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

C. purpiirea 

Hort. Soc. Gard. 

C. Douglase 

Hort. Soc. Gard. 
C. flava 



C. C. jorunifolia 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le 



p. 822 
H. Le Jeune. 

p. 823 
H. Le Jeune. 



(108.) 
(108fl.) 
(1086.) 
(109.) 
(HO.) 
(111.) 
(112.) 
(1 13.) 
(115.) 
(1090.) 
(1156.) 
(116.) 



p. 823, 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

C. apiifolia - p. 824, 

Messrs. Loddiges. H. Le Jeune. 

C. cordata - p. 825. 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

C. spathulata - p. 825. 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 
C. Azarolus - p. 826, 

Messrs. Loddiges. H. Le Jeune. 

C. maroccana - p. 827. 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

C. Ardnia - p. 827 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

C. orientalis (syn. \ _ 

odoratissima) J P* 
Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

C. tanacetifolia - p. 828. 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

C. t. glabra - p. 828. 

Messrs. Loddiges. H. Le Jeune. 

C. t. Leeana - p. 828. 
Leyton Nursery. H. Le Jeune. 

C. heterophylla - p.. 829. 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

C. Oxyacantha - p. 829 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

C. O., full-grown tree 

Studley Park. H. W. Jukes. 

C. O. obtusata - p. 830. 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

C. O. laciniata - p. 830. 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

C. O. eriocarpa - p. 831. (1186.) 
Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 



. (117.) 
(117*.) 

(1176.) 



, (118.) 
(118*) 
(117*.) 



FORMING VOLS. V. VI. VII. AND VIII, 



cl 



Vll 



- p. 832. (118*.) 

Mitt E. Ronalds. 



C. O. Oliverz'an* - p. 831. (118c.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. II. Le Jeune. 

C. O. melanocarpa p. 831. 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

C. O. stricta 

Hort. Soc. Card. 

C. O. regmae - p.832. (118/.) 

Messrs. Loddiges. H. Le Jeune. 

C. mexicana - p. 843. (119.) 

Messrs. Loddiges. H. Le Jeune. 

Photinia serrulata - p. 868. (120.) 
Syon House. H. Le Jeune. 

Cotoneaster frfgida p. 871. (122a.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

p. 871. (122fl.) 
H. Le Jeune. 



Miss 



p. 872. (122c.) 



- p. 872. (1226) 
H. Le Jeune. 



152. 
153. 
154. 
155. 
156. 
J57. 
158. 
159. 
160. 
161. 
162. 

163. 
164. 
165. 



Tort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

166. Pyrus communis - p. 880. (125.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

167. P. c., full-grown tree, 4to - (127.) 

Hamley Cottage. G. R. Lewis. 

168. P. c. var. glout morceau p.881.(126.) 

Bayswater. H. Le Jeune. 

169. P. sinaica - p. 889. (130.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

170. P. sinensis - p. 889. (130.) 

Hort Soc. Card. Mm M. L. 

171. P. bollwylleriana - p. 890. (129.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. W. Jukes. 



C. affinis 

Hort. Soc. Card. 

C. acuminata 
Fulham Nursery. 

C. nummularia 

Hort. Soc. Card. 
Ameldnchier Botry-1 
apium \ * 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

A. Botryap., full-grown tree (121a.) 
Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

Me'spilus germanica p. 877. (123.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 



172. P. variolosa 

Hort. Soc. Card. 

173. P. Mains 

Hort. Soc. Card. 

174. P. M., full-grown tree 

Tibberton. G. R. Lewis. 

175. P. baccata 

Hort. Soc. Card. Mitt 



p. 891. (131.) 
H. W. Jukes. 

- p. 891 
H. Le Jeune. 



(132.) 
(133.) 

p. 892. (134.) 
M. L. 

176. P. (M.} coronaria - p. 908. (1370 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. W. Jukes. 

177. P. (AT.) angustifolia p. 909. (138.) 

Hort. Soc Card. H. Le Jeune. 

178. P. (M.} spectabilis p. 909. (132a.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

179. P. ;fria undulata - p. 910. (139a.) 

Hort Soc. Card, H. W. Jukes. 



180. P. vestita - 

Messrs. Loddiges. 



- p. 912. (139.) 
fits M. L. 



Miss 



. 913. 

ukes. 



- p 
H. W. J 



- p. 915. 

H . Le Jeune. 



p 

H. Le Je 



181. P. torminalis 

Hort Soc. Card. 

182. P. pinnatifida 

Hort. Soc. Card. 

183. P. aucuparia 

Hort. Soc . Card. 

184. P. americana 

Hort. Soc. Card. 

185. P. Sorbus 

Messrs. Loddiges. Miss 

186. P. S. lanuginosa - p. 924. 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. W. Jukes. 

187. P. spuria - p. 924. 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. W. Jukes. 

188. Cydonia vulgaris - p. 929. 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

189. C. sine'nsis p. 931. 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 



(139.) 



.916. (143.) 
eune. 

p. 920. (142.) 
H. W. Jukes. 

p. 921. (145.) 
M.L. 

(146.) 
(143.) 
(146.) 
(948.) 



190. Eucalyptus robusta - p. 959. (148.) 

Stamford Hill. L. Martin. 



191. Cornus mas - p. 1014. (1490.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

CAPRIFOLIA^CE^E. 

192. Sambucus nigra - p. 1027. (150.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

193. Fiburnumjorunifolium p.!034.(151.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 



194. A'rbutus hybrida - p. 1119. (152.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

195. A. ^Indrachne - p. 1120. (l52a.) 

Messrs. Loddiges. H. Le Jeune. 



196. Haleswz tetraptera - p. 1190. (154.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 



197. H. t., full-grown tree 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 



(153.) 



198. ZHospyros Lotus - p. 1194. (155a.) 

Bayswater. H. Le Jeune. ', 

199. Z>. ., full-grown tree - (155.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

200. Z>. virginiana - p. 1195. (156a.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

201. D. v., full-grown tree - (1556.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

OLEA V CEJE. 

202. JFYaxinus excelsior - p. 1214. (157.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

203. F. e., full-grown tree - (1566.) 

Kensington Gardens. J. Martin. 

204. F. e., full-grown winter 1 ,, Kfi . 

tree,4to 

Studley Park. H. rt. Jukes. 

205. F. e. pendula - p. 1214. (158.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 



clviii 



206. F. simplicitolia - p. 1228. (159.) 

Hurt. Sue. (iard. //. Lc Jcunc. 

207. /'. parvifnlia - J). 1229. (63.) 

Hurt. S.-e. (.ard. //. Lc Jcunc. 

208. /'. /entiscifolia - p. 1231. (166.) 

Hurt. Sue. Gard. //. Lc Jcunc. 

209. 7-'. americana - p. 1232. (U>1.) 

Hurt. Soc. Card. II. Lc Jcune. 

10 '^grow^^ 

Pope's Villa, Twickenham. II. Lc Jcunc. 

VOL. 



215. 
210. 

217. 

218. 
219. 



LIST OF PORTRAITS OF TREES 
211. F 



Hurt. Sue. Gard. //. I.e Jcitnc. 



Cfitiilpa syringcefblia. p. 1261. (169.) 

Bayswatcr. //. I.c Jcunc. 
6 f . .v., full-grown tree - 

Syon Huuse. G. It. Lciris. 
L\\ RA\ E.E. 

7,aurus nobilis - p. 1297. (1T1.) 

H>rt. SMC. (,,ird. //. Lc Jcunc. 

L. Stissfift'ftx - p. 1301. (172r/.) 
Kensington Nursery, 3/Y, M. L. 

L. S., full-grown tree - (172.) ; 



>vsstf triHora, fu -] 

[ f p. 131 i. (1 <3.) 
irrown tree - 



2 1 3. 
214. 

VII. 

232. 

233. 
231. 
235. 
236. 

23T. 

23S. 
239. 
240. 



O'rnus europse a p. 124-1. (Ki7<7.) 

Hurt. Sue. (.ard. //. L<- J,-;,-. 

O. e., full-grown tree - 
Syon HIIIIM-. <;. A'. y.i-w/A-. 



221. 
2-2-2. 



A'i. K.\(;NA\ i: K. 
A'ljL-.nirnus orientalis p. 1321. (175.) 

H..rt'. SIH-. (.ard. //. I.,' Jcnnc. 

7/ippophae Kbm-lp. 13i j 3 . ( , 74( , 

noules aiiLMistilolia ) ' 



/ "KTICA' 
.1/onis ni-jra - 



p. 1343. (182.) 



^f. n., full-iirown tree - (lS2tv.) 

Hatti-r-c-a. '//. /I'. ,//,r.v. 

M. :'H):i - p- 1-'*4H. (IS].) 

Hurt. Sue. (iard. //. Lc Jcunc. 

.17". a.. I'lill-irrown tree, 4 to (IS \a.} 

Sycm House. //. Lc Jcunc. 

J/. ruhra (syn. I , 5J) 
ennslvanica ' 



K.".\ Hutanie Gardens. //. L. Jcunc. 
'.>_\\. /'.< u> (Yirica - p. 1305. (ITS.) 
Mil.- l-.nd Sursi.-ry. //. . Jukes. 

( 'I.MA'I M.I-:. 
^30. flimis campestri.s p. 1374. (IS5.) 

Hurt. S,K . (,ard. Miss M. I.. 

231. r. c., fiill-L-rowM tree (184.) 

Kf*n?in^ton ^''ir*lcn^. ./. Martin- 



U. e. stricta, full-! 
grown tree - f P- 1375. (184*.) 

Mu-well Hill. Miss M. L. 

U. e. viminalis - p. 13T6. (185fl.) 

Hort. Sue. (iard. //. U'. Jukes. 

U. planifolia - p. I3TT. (1914.) 

Hurt. S,.c. (iard. 11. H'. Jukes. 

1 T . (c.) snberosa - p. 1395. (186.) 

Hurt. Sue. (iard. //. /('. Jukes. 

U. major - - p. 1396. (188.) 

Hurt. Soc. Gard. II. Lc Jcunc. 

U. m., full-ijrown tree - (187.) 

Studley Park. //. 1C. Jukes. 

U. effusa - p. 1397. (191.) 

Hurt. Sue. Gard. //. IV. Jukes. 

U. e., winter tree - (191.7.) 

Hurt. Soc. (.ard. //. 1C. Jukes. 

l\ inontana major, p. 13f>8. (188 a.) 

Hurt. Sue. (iard.' //. /('. Jukes. 

1 'rCibri') 111 ' ^'"' I 1 *' 1<<J 8 ' ^ 9 '' ) 

Hurt. Sue. Gard. ('. Jluuefi. 

r. m. fastiniata p. 1399. (l87a.) 

Hurt. Sue. (.ard. II. Lc Jcunc. 

l\ americana - p. 1406. (189.) 

Hurt. Sue-, (iard. //. I.c Jcunc. 

r. a., inc-iha - j). 1-1-06 (189/7.) 

Hurt. Sue. Gard. //. Lc Jcunc. 

Planer// Richard/ p. 1409 (Is4r/.) 

Hurt. Sue. (iard. //. /.,- Jciine. 

P. R., fiill--rown tree - (184.) 
Syon House. (.'. It. Lewis. 

rVltis Toiirnefort// p. 1410. (194.) 

Hurt. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 

(.'. occidentalis j). 1417. (193.) 

Hurt. Sue. (iard. Minn M. I.. 

C. o., fnll-L r rown tree - (I92a.) 

Syuli Huiisr. (,. /.'. Letn's. 
./I (.l.A.NDA't 'I'. .V.. 

./uu'lans rc-ia - p. 1423. (196.) 

Hurt. S,,c. Gard. Miss M. L. 

./. r., i'ull-trrown tree - (195.7.) 

C!ii>wick Villa. M'. .-/. \csJicM. 

./. r., fnll-nrown winter tree (196.7.) 

Studley Park. //. U'. Jukes. 

,/. ..i-ra - p. 1435. (197.) 

Hurl. Sor. Gard. C. Kauch. 



FORMING VOLS. V. VI. VII. AND VIII. 



clix 



254. 
255. 



J. n., full-grown tree,4to - (1970.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

J. cinerea - p. 1439. (198.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. C. Rauch. 

rarya alba, full- 
grown tree 

Purser's Cross. L. Martin. 

Pterocarya caucasica p. 1451 (199.) 
Hort. Soc. Card. C. Rauch. 



. . 

ull-1 
- f p< 



260. 
261. 
262. 
263. 
264. 
265. 
266. 
267. 
268. 
269. 
270. 
271. 
272. 
273. 
274. 
275. 

276. 
277. 
278. 
279. 
280. 

281. 



p. 16 

Miss J. L. 



- p. 1646. )218.) 

H. Le Jeune. 



(200.) 



Salix babylonica - p. 1507. (207.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. //. W. Jukes. 

S.b. crispa - p. 1514. (208.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. W. Jukes. 

S.fragilis - p. 1516. (205.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

S. alba - - p. 1522. (209.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. //. Le Jeune. 

S. a., full-grown tree - (2090.) 

Turnham Green. H. W. Jukes. 

S. vitellma - p. 1528. (206.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. W. Jukes. 

Populus alba - p. 1638. (214.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss J. L. 

P. canteens - p. 1639. (215.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss J. L. 

P. tremula - p. 1645. (217.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. 

P. t. pendula 

Messrs. Loddiges, 

P. graVa - p. 1651. (219.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss J. L. 

P. nigra - p. 1652. (229.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

P. n., winter tree - - (220.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. //. Le Jeune. 

P. n., full-grown tree, 4to - (221.) 

Lambeth Palace. Miss M. L.' 

P. monilifera - p. 1657. (222.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss J. L. 

P. m., winter tree - - (222.) 

Bayswater. H. Le Jeune. 

P. m., full-grown tree, 4to. (2220.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

P fastigiata I p . 1660 .( 2 21.or216.) 
(syn.chlatata) J * 
Hort. Soc. Card. Miss J. L. 

P. angulata - p. 1670. (224.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss J. L. 

P. a., full-grown tree - (224.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

P. balsamifera - p. 1673. (225.) 

Leyton Nursery. H. Le Jeune. 

P. b., full-grown tree - (224.) 

Syon House. H. Le Jeune. 

P. candicans - p. 1676. (227.) 



Hort. Soc. Card. Miss J. L. 
2?ETULA X CEJE. 

A'lnus glutinosa - p. 1678. (229.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L, 



282. A. g. laciniata 
Hort. Soc. Card. 



- p. 1678. (239.) 

H. W. Jukes. 



283. A. g. 1., full-grown tree, 4to (231.) 



284. A. cordifolia 

Hort. Soc. Card. 



Miss M 

285. -Betula alba pendula p 



Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M 

286. B. ^opulifolia - 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss 

287. B. papyracea 

Hort. Soc. Card.' Miss 



1689. (232.) 






1691. (233.) 



L, 



1707. (237.) 



1708. (241.) 

L. 



p. 1710. (234.) 
H.Le Jeune. 

(235.) 



Quercus pedunculata p. 1731. (282.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

Q. p., full-grown tree - (28 la.) 

Kensington Gardens. J. Martin. 

Q. p., winter tree - - (2820<) 

Studley Park. H. W. Jukes. 

Q. p. fastigiata - p. 1731. (2826.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

p. 1736. (281.) 

M. L. 



Q. sessiliflora 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss 

Q. s., full-grown tree, 4to (280**) 

Woburn Abbey. W. A. Nesfield. 

Q. s., winter tree - 

Studley Park. H. W. Jukes. 



288. B. nigra 

Hackney Arboretum. 

289. B., winter tree 

Fulham Nursery. L. Martin. 



290. 
291. 
292. 
293. 
294. 
295 
296. 
297. 
298. 
299. 
300. 
301. 
302. 



Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

303. Q. C. f., full-grown tree - (2780.) 

Fulham Nursery. L. Martin. 

304. Q. C. f., winter tree, 4to - (2786.) 

Fulham Nursery. H. Le Jeune. 

305- Q. C. Lucombe0wa p. 1857. (280.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

306. Q. C. L., winter tree - (2800.) 

Fulham Nursery. H. Le Jeune. 

307. Q. ^5'gilops - p. 1861. (266.) 

Hackney Arboretum. H. Le Jeune. 

308. Q. vE., full-grown tree - (267.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

309. Q. alba - p. 1864. (252.) 

Hackney Arboretum. H. Le Jeune. 



(281*) 
Q.-E'sculus - p. 1844. (261.) 

Hort.'.Soc. Card. Miss M. L.. 

p. 1846. (275.) 

M.L. 

(277.) 



Q. Cerris 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

Q. C., full-grown tree, 4to 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

Q. C., winter tree, 4to - (276.) 

Muswell Hill. Miss M. L. 
Q. C. austriaca - p. 1848. (279.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 



clx 



LIST OF PORTRAITS OF TREES 



VOL. VIII. 



310. 
311. 
312. 
313. 
314. 
315. 
316. 
317. 
318. 
319. 
320. 
321. 
322. 
323. 
324. 
325. 
326. 

327. 

328. 

329. 
330. 

331. 
332. 

333. 
334. 
335. 

336. 



Q. macrocarpa - p. 1869. (254.) 

Hackney Arboretum. H. Le Jeune. 

Q. obtusiloba - p. 1870. (253.; 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

Q. Prinus palustris p. 1872. (262.) 
Leyton Nursery. Miss M. L. 

Q. P. monticola - p. 1873. (263.) 

Leyton Nursery. Miss M. L. 

Q. P. tomentosa - p. 1876. (262.) 

Leyton Nursery. Miss M. L. 

Q. rubra - - p. 1877. (269.) 
Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

Q. r., full-grown tree, 4to - (271.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. , 

Q. r., winter tree - (270.) 

Fulham Nursery. L. Martin. 



Q. cocclnea - p. 1879. (273.) 

Purser's Cross. Miss M. L. 

: - (273.) 

p. 1881. (272.) 



Q. c., full-grown tree - (273.) 

Muswell Hill. Miss M. L. 

Q. ambigua 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss 

Q. tinctoria - p. 1884. (268.) 
Hackney Arboretum. H. Le Jeune. 

Q. palustris - p. 1887. (274.) 

Leyton Nursery. H. Le Jeune. 

Q. palustris, full-grown tree (274a.) 

Syon House. H. Le Jeune. 

Q. Phe'llos, 4to - p. 1894 (258.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

Q. P. latifolius - p. 1895. (249.) 

Hackney Arboretum. L. Martin. 



Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

Q. I. latifolia - p. 1899. (255.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 



Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 

Q. gramuntia, full-j ( 

grown tree - J p 

Purser's Cross. Miss M. L. 



Fulham Nursery. L. Martin. 

Q. S., full-grown tree p. 1911. (258.) 

Muswell Hill. H. Le Jeune. 



Muswell Hill. H. Le Jeune. 

Q. virens - p. 1918. (260.) 

Chiswick Villa. L. Martin. 

.Fagus sylvatica - p. 1950. (283.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 



Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeune. 

F. 8. pendula - p. 1 952. (284.) 
Kensington Nursery. Miss M. L, 



F. s. p., full-grown tree - 

Oundle. M.J.B. 

fastanea vesca - p. 1983. 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

C. v., full-grown tree 

Muswell Hill. Miss M. L. 

Carpinus 2?etulus - p. 2004. 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

C. B., full-grown tree 

Chiswick Villa. L. Martin. 

O'strya vulgaris - p. 2015. 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

O. v., full-grown tree 
Bot. Card. Kew. Miss M. L. 



O. virginica 

Hort. Soc. Card. 



p. 2015 

C. Rauch. 



(285.) 
(286.) 
(287.) 
(244.) 
(243.) 

(244a.) 
(245.) 
(246.) 
(247.) 

(246a.) 



337. 
338. 
339. 
340. 
341. 
342. 
343. 
344. 
345. 
346. 

347. 
348. 
349. 
350. 
351. 
352. 

353. 



Hort. Soc. Gard. Mitt M. L. 

354. L. S., full-grown tree - - (290.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 



Corylus Colurna - p. 2029, 

Mile End Nursery. H. W. Jukes. 

C. C. t full-grown tree 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

PLATANA V CEJE. 
Platanus orientalis p. 2033. (288.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

P. o., winter tree - - (287.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

P. o. flcerifolia - p. 2034. (289.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. W. Jukes. 

P. o. a., full-grown tree - (2890.) 

Elmhurst, Finchley. W. A. Nesfield. 

P. o. cuneata - p. 2034. (288.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 

P. occidental - p. 2043. (289a.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. W. Jukes. 
J?ALSAMA V CE.:. 



p. 2066. (293.) 

M. L. 



355. Taxus baccata - 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss 

356. T. b., tree at Harlington - (393a.) 

Harlington. Miss M.\L. 

357. T. b., tree at Darley - (3936.) 

Darley. J. E. Bowman. 

358. T. b. fastigiata - p. 2066. (294.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 

359. Salisburia adiantifolia. p. 2094. (292cr.) 

Messrs . Loddiges . Miss M. L . 

360. S. ., full-grown tree - (292.) 

Mile End Nursery. H. W. Jukes. 



CONI'FER^E, 

361. Pinus sylve'stris "- p. 2153. (312ar.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

362. P. s., full-grown tree - (312.) 

, . Pain's Hill. H. Le Jeune. 



1 OKMING VOLS. V. VI. VII. AND VIII. 



clxi 



363. 
364. 
365. 
366. 
367. 
368. 
369. 
370. 
371. 



373. 
374. 
375. 
316. 
377. 
378. 
379. 
380. 
381. 
382. 
383. 
384. 
385. 
386. 
387. 
388. 



P. s., full-grown tree - (313.) 

Muswell Hill. W. A. AY.f/iVW. 

P. s. genev^nsis - p. '2158 (313fl.) 

Hurt". Soc. Card. //. Lc ./CMHC. 

P. Larlcio - p. 2200. (314.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. 77. Le Jeune. 

P. L., full-grown tree - (315.) 

Kew. //. Lc Jeune. 

Pallasw/M* - p. 2206. (318.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. G. R. Lewis. 

P. Pin-ister - p. 2213. (316.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. 77. Le Jeune. 

P. P., full-grown tree - (316a.) 

Hendon. L. Martin. 

P. Pfnea - - p. 2224. (319.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

P. halepensis - p. 2231. (321.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. G. R. Lewis. 



" ! p. 2237. (325.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

P. rigida - p. 2239. (326a.) 

Dropmore. 77. Le Jeune. 

P. rigida, full-grown tree - (226.) 
Pain's Hill. H. Le Jeune. 

P. serotina - p. 2242. (327.) 

Dropmore. 77. Le Jeune. 
P.Cembra - p. 2274. (331.) 
Kew. L. Martin. 

P. Strobus - p. 2280. (329.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. 77. Le Jeune. 

^ v bies excelsa - p. 2293. (338.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. 77. Le Jeune. 

A. e., full-grown tree - (337.) 

Syon House. 77. Le Jeune. 

A. e., full-grown tree - (336.) 

Studley Park. 77. W. Jukes. 

A. e. nigra - p. 2294. (3380.) 

Studley Park. 77. W. Jukes. 

A. alba - - p. 2310. (339.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. 77. Lc Jeune. 

A. Smithzarca - p. 2317. (340.) 
Hort. Soc. Gard. 77. Le Jeune. 

A. Douglas? - p. 2319. (333.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. 77. Le Jeune. 

A. canaddnsis - p. 2322. (335.) 
Syon House. 77. Le Jcunc. 

A. c., full-grown tree - (3350.) 

Whitton Park. 77. Le Jeune. 

A. c., full-grown tree - (3356.) 

Studley Park. 77. W. Jukes. 

Picea pectinata - p. 2329. (332.) 
Leyton Nursery. 77. Le Jeune. 



389. 
390. 
391. 
392. 
393. 
394. 

395. 
396. 
397. 
398. 
399. 
400. 

401. 
402. 
403. 

404. 
405. 
406. 
407. 
408. 
409. 
410. 
411. 
412. 



P. p., full-grown tree - (332a.) 

Syon HOIISI-. 11. Lc Jeune. 

P. p., full-grown tree - (3326.) 

Roseneath. Copied from Stndt. 

P. balsamea - p. 2339. (334.) 
Hort. Soc. Gard. 77. Le Jeune. 

Zrarix europae v a - p. 2350. (344.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. 77. Le Jeune. 

L. e., large tree - - (344.) 

Kenwood. G. R. Lewis 

L. microcarpa ame-l ^W. (347.) 
ncana - -J p 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H.'^Le Jeune. 

L. a., full-grown tree - (346.) 

Syoii House. 77. Le Jeune. 

Cedrus Libani - p. 2402. (348.) 
Hort. Soc. Gard. 77. Le Jeune. 

C. L., full-grown tree, 4to - (349.) 

Syon_House. G. R. Leivis. 

C. L., full-grown tree - (350. 

Kenwood. G. R. Lewis. 

C. L., full-grown tree - (351.) 

Foxley Hall. G. R. Lewis. 

C. L., glauca, full-grown tree (352.) 

Thompson's Villa. 77. Le Jeune. 

CUPRE'SSIN^E. 

Thuja occidentals p. 2454. (302.) 
Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 

T. orientalis stricta p. 2459. (303.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 



. 2464. (306.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 
C. s. horizontals - p. 2464. (307.) 
Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 

C. lusitanica - p. 2477. (308.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 

Taxodium distichum p.2481. (295.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 

T. d., full-grown tree - (295.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

Tiiniperus phoenicea p. 2501. (301.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss 37. L. 

J. p., full-grown tree - (300.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 
J. virginiana - p. 2495. (298.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. 37m M. L. 
J. v., full-grown tree - (207< 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis. 

J. chinensis (excelsa) p. 2505. (297.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mm M. L. 



LIST OF PORTRAITS OV l.NTIHI. TUFT'S AND SHUl 



LIST OF TIIK PORTRAITS OF ENTIRE TREES AND SHRUBS 
(-IYKN ALONG WITH TIIK TEXT IX VOLS. I. II. III. AND IV. 



tWagJion'dCQX. 


raee : I^t'fitldcctc. 




MagmMm con:spieua - - 35 


281 .-/'Inns glutinosa laciniatu 


15-12 1686 




7/etula alba 


1550 1693 


\\OSCICC ( 

/i'os-1 indk-i - 5-16 


809 Coryldcctf. 






f- 


1580 


711 


laui i~u s * iii.-^aiii ( - - 1 *.. 'j-^'} 


820 


>s 1 


712 


Oxvacantha reginie - - 556' 
I\ rus torminalis - - - (Ml 


(^uercus pedunculata 
!*M 


15S2 
1587 


7-12 
7-16 


Xorbus - - 6-H 


(jo-> pedunculata pendula 


1568 


752 






f 


7-11 


T |- \ 


sessiliilora - -1585, 


1 58(; -{ 




bllJTlClCCcC. 




1 


7-15 


lUelakuca linearifolia - 685 


<).-- . pedunculata or sessilitlora 






Eucalyptus resinifera - 691 
rolmsta - - 2-167 


tj-q ' Oak shattered by lightning 

L ,- - 7 Ik-nu-'s Oak ' - IjSS, 


1589 


815 


//iperita - 690 


' () - () Wootton Oak 
()( ;j 3Ieayy Oak 


1590 
1591 


756 

757 


Leptospermum .seoparium - 2-168 


2568 Flmon () a k 
Hatneld Broad Oak 


155)2 
155)3 


758 
759 


H a ma m cliddcccv. 


Shordley Oak 


155)4 


760 


7/aiuamelis yirginica - - 757 


1008 Moccas" Park Oak 
1 anshanger Oak 


155)5 

596 


762 
762 


Y ricdccfT 


-"NIajesty Oak 


155)7 


762 


.-/'rlmtus ,-lndrachne - - 2-15)3 


Stately' Oak 
Sir Philip Sydney's Oak - 


155)8 
1599 


762 
763 


O/ v/V ' c 

( . 


Xannau Oak 


1600 


763 




Chandos Oak 


1601 


765 


7Jgiistrum lucidum - - 1023 


.Alerton Oak 


6O2 


76-1 


Chionanthus virginica - - 1 03O 




f" 


76-1 


/'raxinus excelsior - - lol!) 


.".' Winiarthing Oak - Ki05. 


;,:>{ 


775 


pendula - 1O-15 


-'": (ioirOak 


1 60-1 


765 


O'rnus europa-'a - 1O67 


Magog Oak 


1 605 


765 


S / r ' r 


Salcey l-'orest Oak 


1 606 


766 




The i)uke's Walkingstick 


1 607 


766 


YJd'd'^JidcCfL'. 


(ireendale Oak - 1608, 
Parliament Oak 
Shelton Oak 


160!) 
1 6 1 
161 1 


767 
767 

768 


/'.'beagmis argentea - - 120-1 


Swik-ar Lawn Oak 


I 6 1 2 


76'!) 


IjrticdccfC. 


Squitch Oak 


If,' 13 


76!) 




Beg-ar's Oak 


161-1 


76!) 


A/orus nigra - - - 1 222 


Queen Eli/abeth's Oak - 


1 6 1 5 


770 


at Canterbury - 25l_'6 


2586 


f 





\]lm(tcccc. 


Bull Oak - 1 Glf;. 


1625J 


7 SO 


I linns eainpe-.tris - J L':58 1 239 J 


1592 Ciospel Oak 1617. 


162S( 


771 
781 


\ 


1 '.',') -1 


{" 


77 1 


montana 12-1:!, 12-11 { 


!.!(,_ Creeping Oak - 161S. 






I 

I'l.ineiv/ liicliard/ - 1 25() 


1 !():> 
j 1 j ,, ; King Oak - 1 6 I 9. 


1633 J 


771 

792 


&(lllC(tC('(('. 


Co\ythorpc Oak - 16'_'(). 


H 


771 

776' 


\-ili\ bab\l.',nica - - 13OS 


511 AVallan- Oak 


621 


772 


IJir ^i-\\iin/ii - I :; i 'j I :; l :; ' 


5'_'0 Ciia])i-l Oak of Allonville 


622 


775 




15J1 Spi-cimeii of an old Oak - 


6:i5 


79-1 


:iil.:i -1516 


1527 Cobhani Oak 


636' 


79-1 


/'opilllis ni-.'i;, - ].1| 1 


\<;.i.-> Ashton Oak 


693 


s:',s 


fastigiata - 151!) 


16M) Wi-isbaden Oak 


<;<5 is-i'j 



GIVEN ALONG WITH THE TEXT. 



clxiii 



Figure Page 

f 1 7 1 2 1 852 


Figure Pane 

Pinus resinosa - - -2097 2212 


Q. tfems Luoombeana - -{ .,- 1CCCI 

11 / 1 .> looJ 


Pinea - - - 2108 2227 


crispa - - - 1718 1858 


Ta>Ma - - - 2122 2239 


alba - - 1727 1866 


ponderosa - - 2136 2245 


palustris - - - 1761 1888 


Sabinia - - - 2141 2249 


Suber - - 1080 1916 


Coulter* - - - 2147 2252 


Fagus sylvatica ... 1878 1955 
Inosculated Beech 1881. 1884 1971 

Great Beech at Windsor { } j^g } 977 

Queen Beech - - 1909 1977 
Ashridge Beeches 1910,1911 1978 
Eccles Beech - - 1912 1978 
Earl's Mill Beech -1913 1979 


longifolia - - 2152 2253 
australis - - - 2160 2258 
canariensis - - 2166 2263 
leiophylla - - - 2187 2274 
Ctmbra - . - 2192 2277 
Strobus - 2196 2282 

excelsa - 2201, 2202 {^ss 


Grange Hall Beech - 1914 1979 


Lamberti'^Ma - - 2207 2290 


Marriage Beech - - 2536 2594 


^fbies excelsa - - 2214. 2218 -I"???? 


Castanea vesca - - 1923 1986 


(_ 2390 


Tortworth Chestnut - 1924 1988 


nigra - - 2226, 2227 -I 


Cobham Chestnut - 1925 1989 




Waldcrshaw Chestnut - 1926 2001 


Picea pectinata at Roseneath - 2239 2332 


Carpinus jtfetulus -1933. 1935 | ^7 

Platandcete. 


at Studley - 2542 26Q2 
Webbiana - - - 2253 2345 
Zarix europse'a at Syon - 2259 2355 
Dunkeld - 2260 2355 


Taberna'montana alternifolia - 1 956 2036 


-P. , . , T2261 "1 O01 ._ 


Platanus orientalis - - 1957 2037 


Dalwick- ( 2262 ]2356 


occidentals - - - 1960 2044 


Cedrus Libani at Syon - 2268 2404 


Casuaracece. 


Enfield - 2269 2404 
Chelsea - 2270 2405 


Casuarina equisetifolia - - 1972 2061 


Croome - 2271 2405 


Taxdcete. 

Taxu^accjtafastigiataat^^ ^ 

T. baccata at Fountains Abbey { j *% 

Buckland - 1985 2075 
Harlington - 1986 2077 
Mamhilad - - 1987 2077 
Gresford - - 1988 2078 
Fortingal - 1989 2079 
Westfelton - - 1990 2083 


Hammersmith 2272 2406 
Gray - 2273 2406 
Quenby Hall 2544 2603 
Deodara - - - 2285 2429 
Araucaria imbricata - - 2293 2435 
excelsa - - 2302 2443 
Cunninghamu - - 2305 2445 

. Cupressinte. 

Thuja occidentalis - 2313 2314-1 
Cupressus sempervirens at Soma 2325 247O 


Studley - - 1991 2093 


at Croome 2322 2466 


Salisburia adiantifolia in the"! ., 


s. horizontals at Croome - 2321 2466 


Leyden Botanic Garden J 1 " 4 20 " 


Taxodium distich um at Studley 2339 2486 


Conifer&y Abietmte. 


nutans \ 9S37 I 2482 


Pinus sylvestris at Studley - 2050 2163 


/uniperus communis - - 2350 2492 


r <?051 21 6 C 


T '1 ' * 


' \ 2056 2185 


Juill/lCLCCCEt 


Group of, in J 2052 2164 


Yucca gloriosa - 2391 2522 


Strathspey \2055 2185 


alo'ifolia - - - 2394 2524 


(s.) pumilio Mughus - 2061 2188 


4 n'(\ i 


pumilio - - 2063 2190 


jT.tn(lTT/ll>l(lG8 


Banksi'ana - - - 2067 219 


Fourcroya longaeVa - - 2402 2528 


inops - - 2071 2194 


Littaj'a gemmiflora - - 2403 2529 


pungens - - 2080 2199 


Agave ainericana - - 2546 2606 



t -> 



;lxiv 



LIST OF LANDSCAPES INTRODUCED IN THE TEXT. 



LIST OF LANDSCAPES 

INTRODUCED IN THE TEXT IN ORDER TO SHOW THE EFFECT 
OF PARTICULAR SPECIES OF TREES IN SCENERY. 



AnEricacetum to show the effect of a Garden of American I?ri-"l 

caceac in a bottom, surrounded by hilly and woody Scenery J 

EwpAor&iaceas. Buxws sempervirens. Part of a Parterre of em- 1 

broidery in Dwarf Box ... -j 

Chateau de Richelieu, to show the effect of embroidered "1 

Parterres in Box -J 

Saltcdcete. 

Salix babylonica. Villa of Consequa at Canton - 1302 1508 

Churchyard in Baden - - - 1303 1509 

Vale of Tombs in China 1304 1510 

Views in the Park at Monza, in Lombardy - - 1305. to 1307 1512, 1513 

Poputus fastigidta. Bridge to show the contrast between its"! 

horizontal lines and the perpendicular lines of the > 1521 1663 

Lombardy Poplars 
Stable Offices, &c., with Poplars, to show the contrast"! 

between the horizontal b'nes of the Buildings and the j. 1522 1664 

vertical ones of the Trees - J 

Groups of round-headed Trees broken by Poplars - 1523, 1524, 1524a 1664, 1665 

Waterfall in the Gardens of Schwezingen, in Baden, with ~| i coe i art: 

T i i i> i iO~3 1 DUO 

Lombardy Poplars - -J 

Ettliger Thor Carlsruhe 1526 1666 

Tivoli Gardens, Vienna 1527 1666 

Chateau de Neuviller, near Nancy 1528 1667 

Landscape by Domenichino, showing Lombardy Poplars "I . - 9Q . _ _ 7 

supporting the effect of a Tower - - J 

Poplars in the Cemetery at Pere la Chaise - - 1530, 1531 1668, 1669 

Entrance to the Botanic Garden at Munich 1532 1670 

Poplars with a modern Villa 2277 2421 

Betuldcete. 

TSttvlus. Landscape near the Lake Petrovskoyi, near Mos- \ 1551 1694 

cow, composed principally of Birch Woods - J 

Qoryldceae. 

Quercus pedunculata and sessiliflbra. Groups of Oak Trees by \ jggg to jggj j 79 j 

Strutt - - -J 

Scenes in Savernake Forest, by Strutt - - - 1632, 1633 1792 

Old Oak and Rock, by Strutt 1634 1793 

Oaks torn up by a Whirlwind - 1644 1814 

Wistman's Wood - 1694 1839 

Q. Tlex. St. Michael's Mount, Cornwall 1782 1903 

Conifers. 

Abietinas. Views in Pine Forests in America - - 20O4, 2O05 2117,2118 

Pine Forest on fire - 2011 2138 

A"bies exctlsa on the Pass of Kroglevin, in Norway 2219 2301 

Other Views in Norway, showing the effect of the Spruce "I 2g2a to 2222 2SQ2 23Q3 

Fir alone, and combined with other Trees - - - f 

Lartar europcfa. Views in the Tyrol, showing the effect of 1 22gg 22g4 2 357, 2358 

Larches in Mountain Scenery - - J 

Ctdrus Libani. Cedars on Mount Lebanon - 2274 2411 

Landscapes showing the effect of Cedars in composition! 2275 2276 2420 2421 

with Architectural Scenery - - - J 

Grove of Cedars - 2278 2422 

Cedars in Landscapes, contrasted with other Trees - 2279. to 2282 2422. to 2425 



LIST OF ENGRAVINGS OF BOTANICAL SPECIMENS, 



clxv 



LIST OF ENGRAVINGS 

OF BOTANICAL SPECIMENS OF TREES AND SHRUBS GIVEN 
ALONG WITH THE TEXT. 



Harnmculacete. 


Ber. dulcis 


Figure Page 
51 305 


Figure Page 

Clematis Flammula 9 234 
orientalis - - - 10 234 


heterophylla 
dealbata - - 


52 306 
53 307 




aristata - - 


54 307 


glaiica - - 11 235 


5uxifolia - - 


55 308 


Vitdlba - - 12 236 
virginiana - - - 13 237 
Viorna - - - 14 238 


Mahoma fascicularis 
y4quifolium ... 


56 309 
57 31O 


cylindrica - - - 15 239 
Simsu - - - 16 240 
reticulata - - 17 240 


nervosa - - 5 31U 
repens - - - 59 311 
Nandtna domestica Suppl. 2410 2537 


florida - - 18 241 


Crucidcete. 




carulea - - Suppl. 2407 2525 
Viticella - - 19 242 
balearica Suppl. 2408 2535 
campaniflora - - 2O 242 
crispa - - - 21 243 


Fella Pseudo-Cytisus 
^lyssum saxatile 
Tberis sempervirens 

Qappa riddceae . 


60 312 
61 313 
62 313 


cirrhosa - - 22 244 
montana - - 23, 24 245 


Capparis spinosa - 


63 314 


^trdgene alpina - - - 25 247 


Qistdcece. 




sibirica - - - 26 248 


Clstus purpureus 


64 318 


americana - - - 27 248 
Pseonia Moutan papaveracea - 28 250 


heterophyllus - 
creticus 


65 318 
66 320 


Banksa - - - 29 250 


incanus - 


67 320 


Xanthorlma apiifolia - - 31 255 


Helianthemum scabrosum 


68 331 


Winteraceas 


glomeratum - 


69 333 


' 


brasiliense - 


70 334 


Illicium floridanum - - 32 257 


lignosum - - 


71 335 


Mag?iol\3iceae. 


Fumana - 
grandiflorum ... 


72 336 
73 344 


Magnoh'a conspicua - - 34 279 


macranthum multiplex 


74 348 


purpurea ~ - 36 282 


^yssopifolium multiplex 


75 352 


. v 


Hudsom'a ericbides - 


76 354 


Hibbertm dentata - - 37 292 
volubilis - - 38 292 


Volygaldcece. 

Polygala Chamaebuxus 


77 356 




oppositifolia major 


78 356 


Anonaceae 

Asimina triloba - - 39 294 


Pittospordceae. 

Billardiera longiflora 


79 357 


pygmaTa - - - 4O 294 


mutabilis - - - 


80 357 


Schizandrdceee. 

Schizandra coccinea - - 41 295 


Sollya heterophylla - 
Pittosporum Toblra 
undulatum - 


81 357 
82 858 
83 358 


Menispermdcecc. 


Caryophylldcea. 




Menispermum canadense - - 42 296 


Dianthus arbuscula 


84 359 


dauricum - 
smilacinum - - - 44 297 


Z)rypis spinosa 


85 359 


Cocculus carolinus - - 45 298 


Ltinacetf. 




Berberaceae. 


JLlnum arboreum 


86 360 


Btrberis vulgaris - Suppl. 2409 2536 
sibirica - - - 46 301 


Malvaceae. 

Lavatera maritima 


87 361 


canadensis - - - 48 303 


hibiscus syriacus 


88 362 


emarginata - 49 3O4 
iberica - - - 5O 3O4 


Sida pulchella 
Malva Munroaita - Suppl. 


89 363 
2411 2538 



Sterculia ;>latanifolia 

'YiliacctC. 

Cire\v/<: occidentalis 



Malachodendron ovatuin 
Stuart/*/ \ irginica 
Gordon/ci lasianthos 

pubeSCL'HS 

Camellm japonica 
'/neinoneilora 
reticulata 
7/ialiflora 




LIST OF ENGRAVINGS OF BOTANICAL SPECIMENS 

K-urc r.iire i 

.fcer circinatum 
palmatum 
eriocarpum 
rubrum 

monspt'ssulanum 

caiupL'stre 

crt'tic'um 



^'sculus dabra 
pallida 

M 38O , Pav/'/ ruhra ar^uta 

384 I 
24 3 2541 , 

- J7 390 

)S -'>!<' .Velia Azederdch 

391 

100 3<)1 

101 392 I This vinifera 

Ziabriisca 

a'stivalis 
cordifolia 



Aurantiacccc. 

Si.-villo Orange 

\\}lpericacc(C. 

7/yperieum hircinum 
olympicuin 

eananeiise - Sup])l. 

l_ nil unt 

proliticum - Suppl. 

< mpetrifolium 
/fndrosa,' s inum ofKcinale 



- 104 3!)0' 



- 1OO 399 

2414 2,341 

- 107 400 

2415 '-'.3-11 
24 IG 2.341 

- 108 4()2 

- 109 413 



,fccr oblongum 
circinatum 

Leave* <>f Ac( /'.v. 

,/Y-er chlon-um f . ll3 *' 

[Suppl. 2417, 2418 2542 

- 114 -334 

- 11.3 43,3 



- 1 _ , 
- 12S 


i.) 
45. 


- 1 L'9 


45( 


- 130 


45" 


- 131 


45 J 


- 132 


45 > 


- 132 


-15! 


' IIIUC ' 


40" 


- 134 


40? 


- 1:55 


47< 


- 130" 


47: 


- 137 


47- 


- 138 


47( 


ICC'fC. 

- 139 


47." 


- 140 


47," 


- Ml 


47! 


- 1-12 


47! 



rij>aria 

jndica 

Ampelopsis 7/ederacea 
d'issus antaivtica 

ritiginea 

tjuiiKjuclolia 

Qcranidcccc. 

Pelargonium cucullatum 
zonale 

inijuinans 




. Melianthus major 
- 112 422 Zygophyllum sessilifolium 

Hutdcea?. 

7iuta graveolens 
angustifolia 

Aplophyllum /inifolium 
('orra-'r/ ;ill)a Suppl. 

Crowes .valigna - Sup|>l. 

Ijoroii/'/ serrulata Su])])l. -I 

Xaii /// o. r yldci '(C. 



143 480 

144 480 

145 481 
140 482 

147 483 

148 483 
Mi) 483 

1.30 483 

1.31 483 
152 483 



1.33 -184 

1.34 484 



155 485 

150 487 

1.37 487 

2419 2.3-14 

2420 2544 



158 488 
1.1!) 490 



Coriaria myrtifolia 



. ]>; I ' ! Sta])liylea trilV.lia - 

p'iiiuata 

I 450 ! 
I 4.31 



O null 



GIVEN ALONG WITH THE TEXT. 



clxvn 



Kitrure Page 

Eu. latifolius - - - 166 498 


Figure Page 

Condalia microphylla - - 216 541 


atropurpiirous - 167 499 


Colletza spinosa - - 217 541 


americanus - - 168, 169 500 
caucasicus - Suppl. 2423 2545 
japonicus - Suppl. 2425 2545 
echinatus - - - 170 501 


horrida Suppl. 2432c 2548 
wlicina - Suppl. 2432 2548 
Pomaderris elliptica - 218 542 
Phylica ericbides - - - 219 542 


Celastrus scandens - - - 171 502 


Retanilla obcordata Suppl. 24326 2548 


Nemopanthes canadensis -j g , 0404 2545 


HomalinacccE. 


Maytenus chilensis - - 173 503 


Azara dentata - - 220 544 


Casslne capensis - - - 174 504 


Anacardidcece. 


Aquifolidcecc. 


Pistacia vera - - - 221 546 


Myginda myrtifolia - - 175 505 


Z-entiscus - - 222 548 


/"lex ^quifolium marginatum - 176 507 


Rhus Cotinus - - - 223 549 


/aurifolium - - 177 507 


typhina - - 224 55O 


crassifolium - - 178 507 


glabra - - 225 551 


ciliatum - - - 179 507 


venenata - 226 553 


ferox - - - 180 507 


Cbriaria - 227, 228 554 


rrecurvum - - - 181 507 
serratifolium - - 182 507 
balearica - { SuppL %*. 3545 
Casslne - - - 184 517 
angustifolia - - - 185 518 
vomitoria - - -186 518 
maderensis - - - 187 520 
chinensis - - - 188 520 


copallina - - 229 554 
radicans - 23O 555 
Toxicodendron - - 9.31 556 
Duvaua dependens - - 232 559 
ovata Suppl. 2433 2549 
latifolia - - 233 559 
Schinus Mulli - - 234 560 

Burseracese. 


paraguariensis - - 189 520 


Balsamodendron gileadense 235, 236 561 


Prinos ambiguus - - - 190 521 
verticillatus - - - 191 521 


Leguminbstf. 


kevigatus - - - 192 522 


Piptanthus nepalensis - 237, 238 566 


glaber - - Suppl. 2428 2546 


Edwardsm chilensis - - 239 567 


coriaceus - Suppl. 2427 2546 


grandiflora - - 240 567 


ri n/~1 7J777/7/W/ 7 


microphylla - 241 567 


J. V // ( t HI ft (.4, 1 t (C 


Podalyria sericea - - 242 567 


Zizyphus vulgaris - - 193 525 


Chorozema Henchmannii - 243 568 


iotus - - - - 194 526 


Podolobium trilobatum - 244, 245 568 


Jujuba Suppl. 2429 2546 


Oxylobium arborescens - 246 568 


Paliurus aculeatus - - 195 527 


Brachysema latifolium - - 247 568 


virgatus - Suppl. 2430 2547 


Callistachys ovata - 248 568 


Bercherm'a volubilis - 196 528 


Viminaria denudata - - 249, 250 568 


/fhamnus ^41aternus - - 197 530 


Spha?rol6bium vimineum - 251, 252 569 


catharticus - - - 198 532 


Adtus ericbides - - 253 569 


tinctorius - - - 199 532 


Eutaxia myrtifolia - - 254, 255 569 


infectorius - 200 533 


Dillwym'a glaberrima - - 256 569 


saxatilis - - 201 533 


Euchilus obcordatus - 257, 258 569 


olebides - 202 534 


Pultenae'a stricta - - 259 570 


ftuxifolius - - - 203 534 


Mirbefta reticulata - - 26O 570 


Erythroxylon - 204 534 


Daviesz'a latifolia - 261 570 


angustissimum - - 205 535 


y/nagyris fce'tida - Suppl. 2435 2549 


alnifolius - - 206 536 


Baptisia tinctoria - Suppl. 2434 2549 


frangulbides - - - 207 536 


{/lex europae^a - - 262, 263 571 


alpinus - - - 208 536 


nana - - 264, 265 575 


Frangula - - 209 537 


Spartium junceum - 266 576 


latifolius - - - 210 538 


odoratissimum Suppl. 2436 255O 


PurshtYzniu - - - 211 538 


Genista candicans - - 267 578 


carpinifolius - 212 538 


triquetra - - 268 578 


Ceanothus azureus - - - 213 539 


radiata - - - 269 579 


americanus ... 214 539 


anglica - - 270 581 


velutinus - - 215 540 


germanica - - - 271 581 


collimis - Suppl. 2431 2548 


monosperma - - - 272 582 



clxviii 



LIST OF ENGRAVINGS OF BOTANICAL SPECIMENS 



G. a-thiKMisis 


Figure Page 

- 273 582 


Figure Page 

^nthyllis Barba Jovi* - - 337 641 


anxantica 


- 274, 275 583 


Medicago arborea -"'' - 338 642 


tinctoria 


- 276 583 


Zotus jacobae'us - 339 642 


sagittalis 


- 277 585 


Psoralea glandulosa - , 340, 341 642 


prostrata - 


- 278 585 


Indigofera denudata - 342 643 


pilosa 


- 279 586 


australis - - 343 643 


/initulia - 


- 280 588 


Swainsom'a galegifolia - - 344 643 


canariensis 


Suppl. 2437 2551 


Lessertm fruticosa - - 345 643 


virgata 


- 281 588 


Sutherlandm frutescens - 346 643 


Cytisus albus 


- 282 589 


Coronilla E'merus - 347 644 


nigricans 


- 283 594 


>uncea - 348 644 


sessilifolius 


- 284, 285 594 


stipularis - 349 645 


triflorus - 


- 286 594 


glauca - - - - 350 645 


scoparius 


- 287 595 


Hippocrepis balearica - 351, 352 645 


leucanthus 


- 288 598 


Adesmia microphylla - 353, 354 645 


purpiireus 


- 289, 290 598 


Loudom'a - 855, 356 646 


austriacus 


- 291 599 


viscosa ... 357 646 


supinus 


- 292 599 


Desmodium polycarpum Suppl. 2442 2553 


aeolicus 


Suppl. 2438 2551 


nutans Suppl. 2443 2553 


nanus 


- 293 601 


Clianthus puniceus - 358 646 


proliferus 


- 294 602 


Wistaria frutescens - 359 647 


Adenocarpus intermedius 


- - 295 603 


chinensis - - 360 648 


parvifolius 


- 296 603 


Z,upinus arboreus - 361 649 


telon6nsis - 


- 297 604 


MarshalKantts - 362 649 


Ononis fruticosa 


- 298 605 


Kennedya ovata - Suppl. 2444 2554 


rotundifolia 


- 299 605 


Muctina macrocarpa - 363 649 


Matrix ^ - 


- 300 605 


Gleditschfa monosperma - 364 653 


peduncularis 


- 301 606 


Ceratonia Siliqua - - 365, 366 660 


Amorpha fruticosa 


- 302 607 


Cassia Barclay ana - - 367 660 


fragrans 


- 303 608 


australis - 368 661 


croceo-lanata 


- 304 608 


Schotza latifolia - 369 661 


Robim'a Pseud- Acacia 


- 305 611 


Chamaefistula corymbosa - 37O 661 


viscosa 


- 306 627 


Acacia alata - 371 662 


hispida 


- 307 628 


armata - - 372 662 


Caragana AUagana 


308 630 


juniperina - 373 662 


arenaria 


- 309 631 


diffusa - - 374, 375 663 


frutescens 


- 310 631 


stricta - - - 376, 377 663 


pygmae v a 


- 311 632 


melanoxylon - - 378, 379 663 


spinosa 


- 312, 313 632 


Tnyrtifolia - - 380 663 


Chamlagu 


- 314 633 


suaveolens - 381 663 


Halimodendron argenteum - 315 634 


Oxycedrus - - 382, 383 664 


Calophaca wolgarica 


- 316 635 


verticillata - - 384 664 


Colutea arborescens 


317 636 


pulcheTla - 385, 386 664 
lophantha - 387 664 


cruenta 


- - 318 636 


farnesiana - 388 665 


nepalensis 


319 637 


nigricans - - 389, 390 665 


Astragalus Tragacantha 


- 320 637 


Julibrissin - S91 665 


creticus 


- 321 638 


mollissima - 392, 393 666 


aristatus 
brevifolius 


- 322 638 
- 323 638 


Rosdcete. 


Hovea Celst 


- - 324 639 


^fmygdalus nana - - 394, 395 674 


latifolia 


- 325 639 


Persica vulgaris - 396 679 


Platylobium formosum 


- 326 639 


compressa - 397 68O 


Bossiae\z rufa 


Suppl. 2441 2552 


^rmeniaca vulgaris ovalifolia - 398 682 


Goodza latifolia 


- 327 639 


cordifolia - 399 682 


Scottia dentata 


- 328 639 


dasycarpa - - 40O, 401 683 


Templetonia glauca 


329, 330 640 


persicifolia - 4O2 683 


Rafma triflora 


321, 332 640 


brigantiaca - 403 684 


Viborgia obcordata 


- 333 641 


Primus candicans - - 404, 405 69O 


Loddigesia oxalidifolia 


- 334 641 


Cerasus serrulata ... 4O6 701 


/Ispalathus callosa 


- 335 641 


Pseudo-C6rasus - - 407 701 


Sarcophyllum carnosum 


- 336 641 


Chamaeee'rasm - 4O8 702 



GIVEN ALONG WITH THE TEXT. 



clxix 



Cer. prostrata 


Figure Page 

. 409 702 


Potentilla fruticosa 


Figure Page 
- 468 747 


boreal is 


- 410 703 


frut. tenuiloba 


- 469 748 


nigra 


- 411, 412 704 


glabra 


- 470 748 


japonica 
multiplex 
sin n sis 
virginiana 
serotina 
Capollim 
lusitanica 
Hixa - 
Laurocerasus 


- 413, 414 706 
- 415, 416 706 
417 706 
- 418 711 
- 419 712 
- 420 713 
- 421 715 
- Suppl. 2455 2555 
- 422 716 


Cowama plicata - Suppl. 
#6sa ierox 
kamtschatica 
bracteata 
microphylla 
involucrata 
lucida - 
nitida 
tfapa 


2455 2558 
- 471 750 
- 472 750 
- 473 751 
- 474 751 
- 475 751 
- 476 752 
- 477 752 
- 478 753 


caroliniana 


- 423 720 


parviflora flore pleno 


- 479 753 


Purshia tridentata - 


- 424, 425 721 


/raxinifolia 


- 480 754 


KeYria japonica 


f 426 722 
i SuppL 2446 2556 


cinnamomea 
alpina 


- 481 754 
- 482 755 


*Spira3 > a opulifolia 


- 427, 428 723 


laeVis 


- 483 755 


chamaedri folia 
media 
whnifolia 
pbyllantha 
cratasgi folia 
fcetulaefolia 
trilobata 
alpina 
Aypericifolia 
acuta 
crenata 
savranica 
Bessenawa 


- 429 724 
Suppl. 2449 2556 
- 430 725 
Suppl. 2448 2556 
Suppl. 2450 2556 
- Suppl. 2447 2556 
- 431 726 
- 432 726 
- 433 726 
- 434 727 
- 435 727 
- 436 727 
Suppl. 2451 2556 


suavis - 
lutescens 
sulphurea 
spinosissima 
grandiflora 
myriacantha 

damascena -| , 
\ Suppl. 

centifolia 
TOiiscosa 

^ Ilica { Suppl. 
parvifolia 


- 484 756 
- 485 756 
- 486 756 
- 487 757 
- 488 758 
- 489 758 
490 759 
2456 2559 
- 491 760 
- 492 760 
493 761 
2457 2559 
- 494 762 


rtialictrb'ides 


- 437 728 


turbinata 


- 495 762 


ceanothifolia 


Suppl. 2452 2556 


albi -T 


496 764 


corymbosa 


- 438 728 


1 Suppl 


2458 2559 


racciniifolia 


- 439 728 


lutea 


- 497 765 


bella 


- 440 729 


punicea 


- 498 765 


salicifolia 


- 443 730 


rubiginosa 


- 499 765 


alpestris 


Suppl. 2453 2556 


caucasea 


- 500 767 


latifolia 


- 441 730 


canina - Suppl 


. 2459 2560 


grandiflora 


- 442 730 


aciphylla - 501, 502 767 


tomentosa 


- 444 730 


rubrifolia 


- 503 769 


lasvigata 


- 445 731 


indica 


- 504 770 


ariaefolia 


- 446, 447 731 


Noisettzana 


- 505 770 


sorbifolia 


- 448 732 


odoratissima 


- 506 770 


.Rubus micranthus 


449, 450, 450a 736 


longifolia 


- 507 771 


occidentals 


- 451 736 


semperflorens 


- 508 771 




f 452 737a 


Lawrenceana 


- 509 772 


idae N us 


\ Suppl. 2554 9557 


arvensis - 


- 510 772 


laciniatus 


- 453 739 


sempervirens 


- 511 773 


cae^sius 


- 454 739 


multiflora 


- 512 774 


parvifolius - - 455 739 
corylifolius glandulosus - 456 740 
corylifolius - 457 741 
spectabilis - - 458 741 
fruticosus - - 459 742 
pompbnius - - 460 742 
tomentosus ... 461 743 


Grevillei 
moscbata 
nivea 
rubifolia 

sinica - -I , 
\Suppl 

Banks/<E 


- 513 774 
- 514 775 
- 515 775 
- 516 776 
517 776 
2460 2560 
- 518 777 


hispidus 


- 462 745 


lutea 


- 519 777 


odoratus - 


- 463 745 


microcarpa 


- 520 777 


nutkanus 


- 464 746 


macrophylla 


- 521 778 


macropetalus 


- 465 746 


sericea 


- 522 779 


reflexus 


- 466 746 


moscbata nepalensis 


- 523 77 


coronarius 


- 467 747 


hystrix 


- 524 779 




u 





clxx 



LIST OF ENGRAVINGS OF BOTANICAL SPECIMENS 



Figure Page 


Figure Page 


Lowea berlerifolla. - - - 549 813 


Cr. parvifolia - 614 867 


Cratae^gus glandulosa subvillosa - 550 818 
lobata - - 554 824 


florida - 613 867 
grossularia?f61ia - - 615 867 


Oxyacantha sibirica - 555 830 


virginica - - - - 616 867 


parvifolia - 557 842 


mexicana - - 617 867 


florida - - 558 842 


Photinia arbutifolia - 619 869 


grossulariaefolia - - 559 842 


Cotoneaster vulgaris - - 620 870 


virginica - 560 843 


laxiflora - 621, 622 871 


Pyracantha - - 561 844 


rotundifolia - - 623, 624 872 


glauca (Stranvae'sza) 562, 563 845 


microphylla - 625 873 


Leaves of Cratte^gus. 
coccinea - 564 851 


Ameldnchier vulgaris - - 626 874 
r 874 
Botryapium - 627, 628, 629 < ^ 


corallina - - - 565 852 


sanguinea - 630, 631 875 


indentata - 566 852 


ovalis - 632 876 


glandulosa - - 567 853 


florida - - - 633, 634 876 


subvillosa - - 568 853 
punctata rubra - - 569 854 


Pyrus crenata - 638, 639 890 
intermedia angustifolia - 640 912 


aurea - - 570 854 


rivularis - 642, 643 915 


brevisplna -. Suppl. 2461 2562 


spuria - 645 925 


Tnyrtifolia - - 571 854 


arbutifolia - 646 926 


macracantha - - 572 855 


pumila - - 647, 648 926 


minor - - - 573 855 


melanocarpa - - - 649 927 


Crusgalli - - 574 855 
splendens - 575 856 


,.~ r f 650 928 
grandifoha - ( Suppl . 2465 2566 


prunifolia - 576 856 


Chamaemespilus - 651 928 


linearis - - 577 856 
salicifolia - - 578 856 


Cydonia japonica - - 652 931 
Kaphiolepis indica ... 653 932 


ovalifolia - - 579 856 


salicifolia - - - 654 933 


/jyracanthifolia - - 580 856 


Eriobotrya japonica - 655, 656 933 


nigra - - 581 857 
purpurea - - 582 857 
altaica - - 583 858 


Kagen6ck Z acrataegoides| Supph ^ JJJ4 
Poterium caudatum - - 658 934 


Douglasu - - - 584 858 
flava - - - 585 859 


Calycantliacece. 


lobata - - . - 586 859 
trilobata - 587 860 
apiifolia minor - - 588 860 
apiifolia - - 589 860 
cordata - 590 861 
spathulata - 591 861 


Calycanthus floridus - - 659 936 
glaucus - - 660 937 
laevigatus - 661 937 
Chimonanthus fragrans - - 662 938 
fragrans grandiflorus - 663 938 


Azarolus - - - 592 862 


Granatdcetz. 


Aronia - - 593 862 






Punica Granatum rubrum - 664 940 


maroccana - - 594 862 




orientalis - 595 863 


nana ... - 665 942 


sanguinea - - 596 863 
tanacetifolia - 597 863 


Qnagrdcece. 


glabra - - - 598 863 


Fuchsz'a microphylla - - 666 944 


Leeana - - 599 864 


coccinea - 667 944 


heterophylla - 6OO 864 


excorticata - 668 945 


Oxyacantha - 602 864 
obtusata - 601 865 


~Lythr -acece. 


laeiniata - . 603 865 


Heimm salicifolia - 669 945 


/rteridifolia - 604 865 


Lagerstroe x rma indica - - 670 945 


melanocarpa - - 605 865 
Oliveria/ia - 606 865 


Tamaricacefe* 


eriocurpa - 607 865 


Tamarix gallica - - 671 947 


guercifolia - - 608 866 


Myricaria germanica - - 672 949 


multiplex - 609 866 
aurea - - - 610 866 


Philadelphacea?. 


purpurea - 611 866 


Philadelphus coronarius - - 673 951 


rosea - - - - 612 866 


inodorus . - 674 952 



GIVEN ALONG WITH THE TEXT. 



clxxi 



Figure Page 

Ph. vcrmcosus - 675 953 


Figure Pag* 

Riles alp. pumilum - - 726 979 


latifolius - - 676 953 


petrafum - - 727 979 


laxus . - - (.77 953 


spicatum - - - 728 980 


hirsutus - - 678, 678a 954 


inultinorum - - 729 980 


Decumaria barbara - - 679, 68O 955 


procumbens - - 730 981 


Deutzta scabra - - 681 956 


prostratum - - - 731 981 


WLyrtacecE. 

Tristania nereifolia - - 682 957 


resinosum - - 732 981 
f 733 982 
punctatum - | guppL 2 475 2569 


Beaufortia decussata - - 683 957 


nigrum - 734 983 


Calothamnus villosa - - 684 957 


floridum - - 735 985 


Endesmia tetragona - 686 958 


inebrians ... 73g 986 


^lolaleuca Aypericifolia - - 687 958 


cereum - - - 737 986 


Eucalyptus resinifera - 688, 689 959 


viscosissimum - 738 987 


viminalis - - 692, 693 96O 


sanguineum - - 739 988 


amygdalina - - 694, 695 960 


glutinosum - - 740 988 


joiperita - - 696 960 


malvaceum - - 741 988 


pulverulenta - 697 960 


aureum - 742 989 


cordata - - 698 960 


serotinum - - 743 989 


Angophora cordifolia - - 699 960 


tenuiflorum - 744 990 


Callistemon lanceolatus - 700 960 


flavum Suppl. 2476 2569 


Leptospermum grandifolium - 701 961 
scoparium - Suppl. 2468 2568 
Fabricirt myrtifolia - 703 961 
Bc-e'ckia virgata ... 7O4 961 
Metrosideros corifolius - - 705 961 
Psidium Cattleyarmm - - 706 962 


Escallomaceae. 

/'tea virginica - - - 745 992 
Escallom'a rubra - - 746 993 
montevidensis - 747 993 
illinita Suppl. 2477 257O 


Afyrtus communis Suppl. 2469, 2470 2568 
tomentosa - 707 964 
Calythrix glabra - 708 964 


Saxifrdgeee. 

Hydrangea arborescens - - 748 995 
cordata - - 749 995 


Passifloracete. 

Passiflora caervilea - 709 965 
incarnata - - 710 965 


nivea - - - - 750 995 
guercifolia - 751 996 
Hortensta - - - 752 996 


Disemma adiantifolia - - 711 965 


Umbellacete. 


Crassuldcece. 


^upleurum fruticosum -! , 947 2^70 


Sedum populifolium Suppl. 2471 2568 
Sempervivum arboreum - - 712 965 


Araliacea. 


Nitrariaccce, 


Aralia spinosa ... 754 999 
#edera .ffelix vulgaris - - 755 10OO 


Nitraria Schoberi sibirica - 713 966 


TT r 


Schob. caspica - - 714 967 


tlamamelacea. 


Qactacece. 

Opxintia vulgaris - Suppl. 2474 2569 


.Hamamelis virginica - - 756 1007 
Fothergilla alnifolia major - 758 1O09 
alnif. obtusa - - 759 1O09 


Reamuriaceae. 


Cornacece. 


r 2472 1 
Reaumurm Aypericb'ides Sup. -j r> 47 o f 2569 


Cornus alternifolia - - 760 101O 
sanguinea - 761 1011 


Grossnldceoc. 


alba - 762 1011 




stricta - - 763, 764 1012 


Riles oxyacanthoides - - 715 969 


paniculata - 765 1013 


setosum - - 716 969 


sericea - - 766 1013 


triflorum - - - 717 969 


circinata - _ 767 1014 


niveum - - 718 970 


mas - - 768 1015 


Cynosbati - - - 719 970 


florida - 769 1017 


divaricatum - - 720 971 
irriguum - 721 971 


Bentharm'a fragifera - - 770 1020 


speciosum . . - 722 975 


Loranthdcea?. 


Diacantha - - 723 976 


Fiscum album - 771 1021 


lacustre - - 724 976 


Arceuthobium Oxycedri - 2137 2246 


alpinum - - 725 979 


Aucuba japonica - Suppl. 2479 2571 


u 2 



clxxii 



LIST OF ENGRAVINGS OF BOTANICAL SPECIMENS 



Figure 

Caprifolidcece. 

Sambucus nigra - 773 


Page 

1028 


Figure 

^zrt. argentea - . 839 
#elichrysum fruticans - - 840 


Page 

1069 
1070 


nig. laciniata - 774 


1028 


congestum - - 841 


1070 


foliis argenteis - - 775 


1028 


Cineraria cruenta - - 842 


1071 


canadensis - 776 


1030 


lanata - _ 843 


1071 


racemosa ... 777 


1031 


^eifolia . . 844 


1071 


Fiburnum Tinus - - 778 


1032 


amellbides - - 845, 846 


1071 


rugosum - - 779 


1033 


Othonna virginea - - 847 


1072 


Lentago - - - 780 


1034 


Osteospermum pisiferum 848. to 850 


1072 


/jyrifolium - - 781, 782 


1034 


Calendula chrysanthemifolia - 851 


1072 


nudum - - 783 


1035 


Mutism latifolia - - 853 


1072 


squamatum - - 784 


1035 


Sonchus fruticosus - - 853 


1073 


Lantana - - 785 


1036 


^'ster argophyllus - - 854 


1073 


lantanbides - - 786 


1037 


aculeatus - - 855 


1073 


cotinifolium - - 787, 788 


1037 


Chrysocoma Comaurea - - 856 


1073 


dentatum - - 789, 790 


1038 


Podanthus Mitlqui - - 857 


1074 


odoratissimum - - 791 


1039 


Culcitium salicinum - - 858 


1074 


O'pulus - - - 792 
ocerifolium - - 793 


1039 
1040 


Pyrethrum /oeniculaceum 4 940^ 


1074 
2573 


Diervilla canadensis - 794, 795 


1042 


Eriocephalus africanus Suppl. 2487 


2574 


Lonicera Periclymenum seroti- ~j 


1044 


^4'nthemis porrigens - Suppl. 2486 


2573 


num ... j" 797 
Caprifolium - - 798 


1046 


Epacridacete. 




etrusca - - - 799 


1046 


Stenanthera joinifolia Suppl. 2458 


2574 


implexa - _ 80O 


1046 


Leucopogon albiflorus - - 860 


1075 


flava - - - 801 


1047 


Trochocarpa /aurina - - 861 


1075 


pubescens - _ 802 


1047 


E'pacris grandiflora - - 862 


1075 


parviflora -T 803> 804 


1048 


Andersonia syrengelioldes - 863 


1075 


grata . 805 


2572 
1048 


JLricdcece, 




sempervirens - - 806 


1049 


Erica Tetralix - - 864 


1079 


major ... 807 


1049 


cinerea - - 865 


1080 


confusa ... 808 


1050 


codonodes - - 866 


1081 


longiflora - Suppl. 2482 


2572 


australis - - 867 


1081 


japonica - - 809, 810 


1051 


stricta ... 868 


1081 


tatarica - 811, 812 


1053 


ciliaris - - 869 


1082 


nigra campaniflora - 813,814 


1053 


Gypsocallis vagans - - 870 


1082 


punicea - - 815 


1054 


multiflora - - - 871 


1083 


Xylosteum - - - 816 


1055 


carnea - - 872 


1083 


involucrata - 817. to 819 


1056 


Callista acuminata - - 873 


1089 


alpigena^ - . 820, 821 


1056 


Ceramia serpyllifolia - - 874 


1090 


oblongifolia - - - 822 


1057 


urceolaris - - 881 


1092 


caerulea - 823, 824 


1057 


Desmia conferta - 875 


1090 


hispidula - Suppl. 2483 


2572 


Erica aggregata - - - 876 


1090 


Symphoricarpos vulgaris - 825 


1059 


Gypsocallis intertexta - 877 


1090 


racemosus - . 826 


1059 


Pachysa physodes - - 878, 879 


1091 


Leycesterio Formosa - - 827 


1060 


BlaeVia ericbides - - 880 


1091 


R h' ' 




Eurylepis albens ... 882 


1093 


\\UOIQ.C6(E 




Eurystegia triceps - - 883 


1093 


Cephalanthus occidentalis 828, 829 


106J 


Lophandra cubica - - 884 


1093 


Luculia gratissima - Suppl. 2484 


2573 


Lamprotis calycina - - 885 


1093 


Pinckneya pubens - - 830 


1062 


Andromeda joolifolia - - 889 


1106 


Serissa foe'tida - - - 831 


1062 


pol. angustifolia - 890 


1106 


Composite. 




grandiflora - - 891 
latifolia - 892 


1106 
1106 


Staehelina dubia - - 832 


1064 


minima - - 893 


1106 


l?accharis Aalimifolia - - 833 


1065 


Cassiope /typnbidcs - - 894 


1107 


/ v va frutescens - - 834 


1066 


tetragon a - - 895 


1107 


Santolina Chamaecyparissus - 835 


1067 


Cassandra calyculata - - 896 


1108 


rosmarinifolia - - 836 


1067 


angustifolia - - - 897 


1108 


Artemisia ^brotanum - - 837 


1068 


Zenobia speciosa - - 898 


J109 


Santonica - 838 


1069 


spcciosa nitida - - 899 


1109 



GIVEN ALONG WITH THE TEXT. 



clxxiii 



I 





Figure 


Page 


Figure 


Page 


Z. speciosa pulverulcnta - 


- 900 


1109 


JZh. indicum - 955 


1148 


Lyonm marginata | guppl 


24^9 


1110 

2575 


Zedifolium - - 956 
sinensc - 957 


1149 
1149 


marg. rubra 


- 901 


1110 


Farrera - - 958 


1150 


f 


903 


1110 


Kalmm latifolia - 959 


1151 


manana - < c , 
J_ ouppl 


2490 


2575 


angustifolia - 960 


1152 


paniculata 


- 904 


1111 


glauca - - - 961 


1152 


salicifolia 


- 905 


1112 


hirsuta - - 962 


1153 


racemosa - Suppl 


2491 


2575 


Menziesia ferruginea - - 963 


1153 


multitlora 


- 906 


1112 


globularis - Suppl. 2494 


2577 


capreaefolia 
Leucothoe axillaris 


- 907 
- 908 


1112 
1113 


AzMea procumbens -[ Supp]- * 


1154 

2577 


spinulosa 


- 908 


1113 


Leiophyllum <hymif61ium - 965 


1154 


acuminata - 


- 910 


1114 


jLedum palustre - - 966 


1155 


floribunda 


- 911 


1114 


latifolium - 967 


1155 


spicata 


- 912 


1114 


canadense - - 968 


1156 


Pieris ovalifolia 


- 913 


1115 


Faccinium Myrtillus - - 969 


1157 


japonica - 


- 914 


1115 


uliginosum ... 970 


1158 


Phyllodoce texifolia 


- 915 


1115 


tenellum - - - 971 


1159 


empetriformis 


- 916 


1116 


stamineum - 972 


1160 


Daboe^cza ^olifolia - - 917, 918 


1116 


dumosum - - 973 


1160 


^'rbutus CTnedo 


- 919 


1117 


corymbosum - - 974, 975 


1161 


hybrida 


- 920 


1117 


virgatum - - 976 


1161 


, r 


921 


1120 


fuscatum - - 977 


1161 


1 Suppl. 2491 


?, 2493 


2575 


marianum - - - 978 


1162 


canariensis - 
y/rctostaphylos UVa-ursi - 


'- 922 
- 923 


1122 
1123 


r 979 
grandifldrum - [^ 25Q1 


1162 
2577 


Pernettya mucronata - 


- 924 


1124 


elongatum - 980 


1162 


Gaulthen'a prociimbens - 


- 925 


1125 


minutiflorum - - 981 


1162 


Shdllon 


- 926 


1126 


glabrum - - 982 


1162 


C r lethra alnifolia - 


- 927 


1128 


resinosum - - 983 


1163 


tomentosa - - 928, 929 


1128 


-^rctostaphylos - - 984 


1164 


arborea 


- 930 


1129 


j'r-vi- f 985, 986 


1164 


Rhododendron politician 


- 931 


1131 


P \ Suppl. 2502 


2577 


maximum 


- 932 


1134 


Fitis idaa'a - 987 


1165 


hybridum Suppl 


. 2494 


2576 


fcuxifolium - - 988, 989 


1165 


catawbiense 


- 933 


1135 


nitidum - - 990 


1166 


caucasicum 


- 934 


1136 


ovatum - - - 991 


1166 


punctatum -1 , 
(_ Suppl 


, 2495 


1137 
2576 


Oxycoccos palustris - - 992 
macrocarpus - - 993 


1168 
1170 


ferrugineum 


- 936 


1137 


erectus - - 994 


1171 


hirsutum 


- 937 


1137 


Bryanthus Gmelim" - - 995 


1171 


lapponicum 


- 938 


1138 


Stelleri - - 996 


1172 


dauricum - 


- 939 


1138 


Knkiantlms quinqueflorus 997, 998 


1173 


camtschaticum 


- 940 


1139 


Cyrilla racemosa - Suppl. 2503 


2577 


Chamaecistus 
flavum 


- 941 
- 942 


1139 
1140 


Symplocdcece. 




nudiflorum . { guppl 

GovenitJnum - 
rosea 
calendulaceum 
viscosum 
hispidum 


- 944 
- 945 
- 946 
- 947 
- 948 


1140 
2576 
1141 
1142 
1142 
1143 
1144 


Symplocos sinica - - 1007 

Styracece. 

Styrax officinale - 1008 
grandifolium - - 1009 
laevigatum - 1010 
pulverulentum - - 1011 


1186 

1187 
1188 
1189 
1189 


Cartoma - Supp; 


. 2497 


2576 


Ualesmceaz. 




nitidum 


- 949 


1144 


Halesz'a tetraptera - - 1012 


119O 


speciosum 
/ttiodora - Supp! 
arboreum 
altaclerense - 


- 950 
. 2498 
- 951 
- 952 


1145 
2577 
1146 
1147 


parviflora . 1013 
diptera - . -1014 

MyrsinaceeE. 


1191 
1191 


campanulatum 


- 953 


1148 


Myrsine africana - Suppl. 2504 


2578 


anthopogon 


- 954 


1148 


Manglilla Millermna - Suppl. 2505 


2578 



LIST OF ENGRAVINGS OF BOTANICAL SPECIMENS 



Figure 


Page 


Figure 


Page 


Sapotaceae. 

Argania Sideroxylon - - 1015 


1192 

1 1 QQ 


Kmca minor - - 1084 
Gelsemium nitidum - - 1085 
A T erium Oleander - - 1086 


1256 
1256 
1256 


f 1016 
.Bumelia Zycioides | Supph 2 506 

tenax - - - 1017 


1 1 y j 
2578 
1193 


Asclepiadacese. 




salicifolia - Suppl. 2507 


2578 


Periploca gra? N ca - - 1087, 1088 


1257 


Qleacece. 




angustifolia - 1089 


1258 


Zigustrum vulgare -1019,1020 
vul. sempervirens - 1018 


1199 
1199 


Bignoriiaceae. 




spicatum - 1020 


1201 


Bignoma capreolata - - 1090 


1259 


lucidum - Suppl. 2508 


2579 


Tecoma radicans - - 1091 


1260 


floribundum - - 1024 


1202 


grandiflora - 1092 


1260 


Phillyrea angustifolia - - 1025 


1204 


australis - 1093 


1261 


ang. ?'osmarinif61ia - 1026 


1204 


capensis - 1094 


1261 


media - - 1027 


1204 


Eccremocarpus longiflorus - 1095 


1263 


latifolia - - 1028 


1205 


Calampelis scabra - 1096, 1097 


1263 


Chionanthus virginica - - 1029 


1206 






(Tlea europa^a - - - 1031 


1207 


Coboeaceae. 




eur. sativa longifolia - 1 032 
ferruginea - 1033 


1207 
1208 


Cobce'a scandens - - 1098 


1264 


americana - - - 1034 
fragrans - 1035 


1208 
1208 


Convolvuldcete. 




capensis - Suppl. 2509 


2579 


Convolvulus .Dorycnium - 1100 


1264 


Notelae'a Zigustrina Suppl. 2510 


2579 


Cneorum - - 1099 


1264 


Syringa vulgaris - - 1036 


1210 






Josikse'a - - 1037 1038 


1210 


"Qoragindcetf. 




persica - - - 1039 
laciniata - - 1040 
rothomagensis - - 1041 


1211 
1211 
1212 


jLithospermum fruticosum - 1101 
iJ N chiuni candicans - - 1102 


1265 
1265 


Embdi - - - 1042 


1212 


C^nTfl\ a ppfp 




Fontanesm phillyrebides - 1043 
Fraxinus excelsior - - 1044 


1213 
1215 


v (// i/ltld_iX^ 

Ehretm serrata - 1103 


1265 


heterophylla - - 1050 
variegata - - 1051 


1228 
1229 


Solanacetf. 




parviflora - - - 1052 


1230 


^olanum Dulcamara - 1104 


1266 


oxycarpa - - 1053 


1230 


crispum - - - 1105 


1268 


Zentiscifolia - 1054 


1231 


bonariense - - 1106 


1268 


americana - - 1055 


1232 


Balbisu - Suppl. 2514 


2582 


pubescens ... 1056 


1234 


Zigustrinum - 1 1 07 


1269 


sambucifolia - 1057, 1058 
quadrangulata - 1059, 1060 


1235 
1236 


Z-ycium europaj^um - - 1108 
barbarum - - 1109 


1270 
1270 


/uglandifolia 1061, 1062 


J"1236 
^1237 


chinense - - 1110, 1111 
ruthenicum - - 1112 


1271 
1272 


platycarpa - - 1063, 1064 


1238 


lanceolatum Suppl. 2513.2516 


2582 


angustifolia - Suppl. 2511 
Zentiscifolia - Suppl. 2512 


2580 
2581 


turbinatum - -[ Supp] ^ 


1272 
2582 


O'rnus europa^a - - 1065 


1242 


afrum - - 1114, 1115 


1273 


rotundifolia - 1069 


1244 


Grabowskza boerhaavt/iV/a - 1116 


1274 


americana - - 1070 
floribunda - - 1072 


1244 
1245 


Nicotiana glauca - - 1 1 1 8 
Brugmansza sanguinea - - 1 1 1 7 


1274 
1275 


Jcisjn inucctc* 




suaveolens - - 1120 


1275 






Cestrum nocturnum - - 1 1 1 9 


1275 


Jasmmum fruticans - - 1073 


1248 


Pdrqui - - - 1122 


1275 


humile - 1074 
heterophyllum - - 1075 


1249 
1249 


Vestz'a Zycioides - - - 1121 


1275 


revolutum - - 1076 
pubigerum - - ' n - 1077 


1250 
1250 


Scrophularidcete. 




officinale - - - 1078 


1251 


Buddlea globosa -1123,1124 


1276 


Apocynacetc. 




Hallerm lucida - - 1125 
Celsz'a lanata - - - 1126 


1277 
1277 


Tinea major - - 1082, 1083 


1255 


Calceolaria in tegrifolia - 1127, 1128 


1277 



GIVEN ALONG WITH THE TEXT. 



clxxv 



Figure 

Veronica decussata -1129,1130 


PM, 

1278 


Figure Page 

Cinnamomum Camphora - 1174 1305 


Penstemon Scoulen Suppl. 2518 


2582 


verum - - - 1175 1305 


7 Z>' v 




Proteacead. 


Saturfy'a montana - - 1131 
Thymus vulgjiris - - 1132 
grandiflorus - Suppl. 2515 
Jfyssopus officinalis - - 1133 
TeucriMw fruticans - 1135,1136 


1278 
1278 
2582 
1278 
1279 


Grevillea rosmarinifolia -1176 1306 
acuminata - - 1177, 1178 1306 
Hakea pugioniformis - 1179 1306 
Banksitt latifolia - Suppl. 2522 2584 

Thymelacete. 


Afarum - - - 1134 
Phlomis fruticdsa - - 1137 


1279 
1279 


Daphne Meztreum - - 1180 1308 
altaica - - - - 1181 1309 


purpurea - - - 1138 
JJosmarinus officinalis - 1139 
Lavandula Spica - - 1140 
Salvia officinalis - - 1141 


1279 
1280 
1281 
1282 

1 9R9 


alpina - - - 1182 1309 
Laureola - - 1183 1309 
pontica - - - 1184 1310 
ThymelaTa - - 1185 1311 


var. - - - 1142 
Hablitzza/m - - 1143 


1 & 

1283 


Tdrton-raira - - 1186 1311 
collina - - - 1187 1312 


pomifera - - - 1144 
Audibrtza incana - - 1145 


1283 
1283 


neapolitana - - 1188 1312 
olebides - - -1189 1312 


Lavandula dentata - - 1 1 46 


1283 


Gnidium - - - 1190 1313 


pinnata - - - 1147 
Stce'chas - - - 1149 
Plectranthus fruticosus - 1148 
Sphacele campanulata - - 1150 
Salvia Grahanu - - 1151 


1283 
1284 
1284 
1284 
1284 


Cneorum - - - 1191 1313 
odora rubra - - 1192 1314 
hybrida - - - 1193 1314 
Dirca palustris - 1 1 94 1315 


Prostanthera lasianthos Suppl. 2519 


2583 


Santalaceae. 


\erbenace<z. 




Nyssabiflora - -1195,1196 1317 
villosa - 1197, 1198 1318 


Fitex A' gnus castus - -1152 
Clerodendron inerme - - 1153 


1285 
1286 


candicans - - -1199 1318 
grandidentata - 12OO, 1201 1319 


Aloysia citriodora - - 1154 


1286 


Osyrisalba - - 1202 1320 


Globular iacete. 




^Llceagnacece. 


Globularia longifolia - - 1155 


1287 


.Elaeagnus hortensis - - 1203 1322 
argentea - 1204 1323 


^lumbaginacecc. 




salicifolia - - - 1205 1324 
fipp6pha'e rhamnbides - 1206 1325 


Plumbago capensis - Suppl. 2520 


2583 


salicifolia - - 1207 1326 


Chenopodiacete. 




Shepherduz argentea - - 1208 1327 
canadensis - 1209 1328 


Chenopodium fruticosum 1156, 1157 
^'triplex .ffalimus - - 1158 


1289 
1290 


Kristolochiacece. 


portulacbides - - 1159 


1290 


^4ristol6chia sipho - 1210 1329 


Diotis Ceratbides - - 1160 


1291 


tomentosa - - - 1211 1329 


Polygo?iace&. 




Ew/?7j07$iacese. 


Tragopyrum lanceolatum - 1161 
6uxifolium - 1162 
polygamum - - - 1163 
^4traphaxis spinosa - - 1 1 64 
Calligonum Pallas/i - 1165, 1166 
^umex sp. - 1167 


1293 
1293 
1294 
1294 
1295 
1295 


Euphorbia Characias - 1212 1331 
spinosa - - 1213 1331 
mellifera - - - 1214 1332 
#uxus sempervirens nana - 1215 1333 
balearica - - 1220, 1221 1341 
Plagianthus divaricatus Suppl. 2524 2585 
Ooton rosmarinifolia Suppl. 2523 2585 


"Lauracete. 




Adelia acidoton - Suppl. 2525 2585 


jLaiirus Borboma - - 1168 


1299 


\Jrticacea. 


carolinensis - - 1169 


1300 


Aforus alba multicaulis - 1223 1348 


aggregata - - - 1170 


1301 


tatdrica - . - 1225 1358 


Benzoin - - - 1171 
Z)iospyrus - - 1172 


1303 
1304 


Madura aurantiaca - 1226. to 1228 -! 1 


geniculata - - 1173 


1304 


Borya acuminata - - 1229 1371 



LIST OF ENGRA\ 7 INGS OF BOTANICAL SPECIMENS 



Figure Page 

\Jlmttce&* 


Sal. acuminata - - 


Figure Page 

1330 1554 


C/'lmus campestris parvifolia - 1230 1377 
cam. chinensis - - 1231 1377 
suberosa - - 1240 1395 


Pontederawa 
cinerea 
caprea '' 1333. to 
cotinifolia 


1331 1556 
1332 1558 
1335 1562 
1336 1566 


major - - - 1241 1396 
carpinifolia - - 1242 1397 


rotundata - 
Zaurina - - "^ 


1337 1572 
1338 1578 


' glabra - - 1245 14O3 
americana - 1246 1406 
fulva - - - 1247 1408 


Borrerzana 
Weigeh'ana - '" 
nitens 


1339 1579 
1340 1582 
1341 1582 


alata ... 1248 14O9 
Planera Richardi - - 1440 1410 
Gmelim - - 1251 1413 
Celtis australis - 1252 1414 


vacciniifolia 
myrtillbides 
Myrsinites 
Z>etulifolia 


1342 1585 
1343 1587 
1344 1588 
1345 1588 


crassifolia - 1254 1419 


retusa - - 


1346 1589 


orientalis - - - 1255 1420 


serpyllifolia - 1347, 


1348 1590 


Suglandacece. 


herbacea 


1349 1591 


Juglans regia - - 1257 1425 
nigra - - 1260 1436 
cinerea - - 1262 1439 
Carya olivajformis - - 1263 1442 
amara - - 1264 1443 


polaris - - 1350, 

hastata - 
arbuscula 
lanata 
colutebides - Suppl. 


1351 1592 
1352 1592 
1353 1593 
1354 1594 
2529 2588 


aquatica - - 1265, 1266 1444 


fter&en'folia - 


1355 1595 


tomentosa - 1267 1445 


Leaves ofSalix. 




alba - - 1269 1446 


purpurea 


1 


sulcata - - - 1271 1449 


.Helix - - 


2 


f 144Q 


Lambertiana 


3 1603 


porcina - - 1272. to 1274-! 'TIT 

1 J.Trc)U 


monandra 


4 


myristicajformis - - 1275 1451 


Forbyana - 


5. 


Pterocarya caucasica - - 1276 1452 


riibra - 


6" 


Salicacea?, 


virescens ... 
Humboldtnzna 


7 

1 f*f\A 


Salix purpurea - - 1294 1490 


Bonplandtana 


9 6 


daphn bides - - - 1295 1495 


Lyonzt - 


10 


undulata - - - 1296 1497 


Houstontana 


11 


triandra - - - 1297 1499 


virgata - 


121 


amygdalina - 1298 1501 


undulata 


is I 


pentandra - 1299 1503 


lanceolata ... 


14 f 


Meyen'ana - 1300 1505 


triandra - 


15 J 


liicida - - 1301 1506 


Hoffmanmawa 


16 : 


decipiens - - 1309 1515 


Villarszana - 


17 


fragilis - 1310 1516 


amygdalina 


18 ._ nr 


; , RusselKana - 1311 1518 


montana ... 


19 


alba - 1314,1315{ 1 J 23 


vitellina - 
annularis - - 


20 
81, 


nigra 1 _ L 2527 2588 
Zigustrma J 


babylonica 
petiolaris - 


22* 
23 1607 


;>rinbides - - - 1317 1530 


conformis 


24 i( 


virescens - 1318 1531 


violacea - 


25 


petiolaris - - - 1319 1533 
rosmarinifolia - - 1320 1535 
angustifolia - - 1321 1536 


prae^cox 
fragilis - - 
Russellz'ana 


26'- 
27 U608 
28 J 


Domana - - - 1322 1540 


decipiens 


29 


versicolor - Suppl. 2528 2588 


monspeliensis 


30 1609 


reticulata ... 1323 1543 


tetrasperma 


31 


glauca - - 1324 1544 


lucida - - 


32' 


Lapponum - 1325 1545 


Meyerz'ana 


33 J.1610 


Candida - - 1326 1548 


pentandra - 


34 


incana - - 1327 1548 


hastata 


35 s 


linearis - - - 1328 1549 


malifolia ... 


36 1611 


viminalis - - 1329 1549 


nigricans - - * 


37 



GIVEN ALONG WITH THE TEXT. 



clxxvii 



Sal. bicolor 



patens 
/jrinbides 
WilldenoviVma 
crispa 

Pontederawa 
nitens 
Borrerzawrt 
/>hylicifolia 
Davalh'rtna 
Wulfemana 
tetrapla 
tenuifolia 
Weigeh'ana 
Croweawa 
ramifusca 
floribunda 
Dicksom'ana 
/jrunifolia 
cacciniifolia 
venulosa 
carinata 
Myrsinites 
procumbens 
herbacea 
polar is 
Kitaibeh'(Jwa 
serpyllifolia 
myrtillbides 
reticulata - 
glauca 
laeagnifolia 
arenaria 
lanata 
Stuartidna 
Lapponum 
sericea 
proteafolia 
alaternbides 
versicolor 
argentea 
incubacea 
adscendens 
parvifolia 
prostrata 
fusca 
repens 
Doniana 
arbuscula 
rosmarinifolia 
deciimbens 
linearis 
incana 
Candida 
villosa 
subalpina 
reflexa 

pennsylvanica 
pdllida 
petrae'a 
Schleicher/owa 
grisoneneis 



Figure Page 

381 
39 1\612 
40J 


Sal. strepida 
sordida 
rivularis 


41 s 




australis 


42 




rotundata 


43 


>-16l3 


dura 


44 




firraa 


45 * 




Ansom'ana 


46 




atrovirens 


47 
48 


-1614 


Andersom'ana 
Forsten'ana 


49 




rup6stris 


50 




coriacea - 


5r 




hirta 


52 




cotinifolia 


53 




crassifolia 


54 




lacustris 


55 




vaudensis 


56 




1 at i folia 


57 


^1615 


grisophylla 


58 




incanescens 


59 




sphacelata 


60 




caprea 


61 




pannosa 


62 




aurita 


63J 


cinerea 


64- 




oleifolia 


65 




aquatica 


66 
67 


.1616 


ferruginea 
germinata 


68 




macrostipulacea 


69 




acuminata 


70' 




stipularis 


71 




viminalis 


72 
73 


.1617 


Smitln'ano 
Michelmwa 


74 




alba 


75 




caerulea 


761 


arbuscula - 


77 




retusa 


78 




6er6erifolia 


79 




rigida 


80 




cor data 


81 




cordifolia 


82 


.1618 


obovata 


88 




Muhlenbergmno 


84 




aegyptiaca 


85 




discolor 


86 




falcata 


87 




alpina 


88^ 




tristis 


89" 




U\a-ursi 


90 




nigra 


91 
92 


1619 


P6pulus 41ba 
can^scens 


93 




trt inula 


94 




tr6pida 


95* 




grand! den tata 


96 




gra'ca 


97 


-1620 


nigra 


98 




canad^nsis 


99^ 




ftetulxfolia 


X 



Page 



1621 



124 



1623 



1624 



1626 



1627 



1628 



1629 



125 

126 

127 

128 

129 

130 

131 

132 

133 

134 

135 

136 

137 

138 

139 

140 

141 

142 

143 

144 

145 U630 

146 

147 

148 

149 

150 

151 

152J 

1507 1639 

1508 1641 

1509 1647 

1510 1650 

1511 1650 

1512 1651 

1513 1653 

1515 1656 

1516 1657 



LIST OF ENGRAVINGS OF BOTANICAL SPECIMENS 



Figure Page 

Pop. monilifera - -1517 1657 


Figure Pajre 

Qu. ^gilops - 1721 18b2 


fastigiata - - - 1520 1661 


Acorns of American Oaks 1722 1863 


angulata - - 1533 1671 


alba - - 1723, 1726] 


heterophylla - - 1534 1672 
,. f 1535, 1536 1674 
balsamifera | Suppl. 2530 2589 


rep&nda - - 1724 1865 
squamosa - - 1725 1865 


candicans - 1537 1676 


olivaeformis v - 1730 1869 




macrocarpa - - - 1731 1870 


^Qetulacete. 


obtusiloba - 1732 1870 




lyrata - - 1733, 1734 1781 


^'Inus glutinosa - - 1540 1677 


Prinus palustris - 1735 1873 


laciniata - - 1538 1678 


monticola - - 1736 1874 


oxyacanthaefolia - 1539 1679 


acuminata - - 1737 1875 


incana - - - 1543 1687 


pumila -.1738 1875 


serrulata - 1544 1688 


tomentosa - - 1739 1876 


cordifolia - - 1545 1689 
viridis - - - 1546 1690 


rubra - - 1740. to 1744Jjg^ 


acuminata - Suppl. 2531 2589 


coccinea - - 1746. to 1748 1880 


castaneaefolia - Suppl. 2532 2589 


ambigua - - - 1749 1882 


tfetula alba - - - 1547 1691 


falcata - - 1750, 1751 1883 


pubescens - - 1548 1691 
pontica - - 1549 1692 


tinctoria - 1753. to 1757-j 1886 


daurica - - 1556 1704 
fruticosa - - 1557 1705 


palustris - 1758. to 1760 1 } 88 g 


pumila - - - 1558 1706 


Calesbart - - 1762, 1763 1889 


nana - - - 1559 1706 
x ^opulifolia - - - 1560 1707 


nigra - 1764, 1765 {J^ 


papyracea - 1561 1709 


aquatica - - 1767, 1768 1892 


nigra - 1562, 1563 j^n 


dicifolia - - 1 770, 1 7 7 1 f j ggj 


eKcelsa - - 1564, 1565 1712 


Phellos - - - 1774 1896 


lenta - - 1566 1713 


faurifolia ... 1776 1897 




hybrida - - 1775 1897 


Goryldcete. 


imbricaria - - 1777, 1778-1 18gg 


Qu6rcus pedunculata - - 1567 1731 


/"lex - - 1781 1900 


ped. heterophylla 1569. to 1571 [\1^ 


Ballota - - 1783. to 1786 -f ! 
|_ 19O6 


sessiliflora - - 1572 1736 


gramuntia - - 1787, 1788 1907 


pubescens - - 1573 1737 


coccifera - - 1789. to 1792< : 


sessiliflora var. - 1574. to 1579 [ J^ 


pseudo-coccifera - - 1794 1911 


pedunculata - - 1583 1743 
sessiliflora - 1584 1743 


Suber - - 1795. to 1798 1 


pyrenaica - - - 1696 1843 


Pseudo-Suber - - 1801 1917 


apennina - 1697 1844 
JS'sculus - - 1699. to 1701 1845 


virens - 1 802, 1 803 1 } q } | 


Cfcrris and vars. 1702. to 1 706 1 J|^ 


lanata - - - 1804 1921 
annulata - - 18O5 1922 


pfridula - - 1707 1848 
austriaca - - 1708 1848 


Turner* - 1806. to 1809^ |j^ 


cana major - - 1709 1849 


hybrida nana - 1810. to 1812 1924 


fulhamSnsis - 1 7 10, 1 71 1 { J |^ 


Fontanesit - 1813 1925 
australis - - - 1814 1925 


laciniata - Suppl. 2534 2591 


Cooktt - - - 1815 1926 


Lucombearaa - 1714 1854 


/aginea - - - J 816 1926 


crispa - 1715, 1717c 1856 


lusitanica - 1817 1927 


dentata - 1716 1856 


jorasina - - 1818 1928 


suberdsa - 1717a 1857 


infectoria - - 1819, 1820 1928 


incisa - - 17176 1857 


Libani - 1826 1932 


heterophylla - 1719 1859 


castaneaefolia - - 1827 1933 



(ilVKN ALONG WITH THE TEXT. 



clxxix 



Oaks not yet introduced. 


Figure Page 

Cas. Tungurrut - - - 1930 2O03 


Himalayan. 


arg ntea - - - 1931 2004 


Figure Page 


javanica - - - 1932 2004 


Qu. spicata - - 1828. 1933 
grandifolia - - - 1829 1934 


Carpinus americana - - 1936 2013 
orientalis - 1937 2014 


velutina - - - 1830 1934 


viminea - 1938 2014 


lamellosa - - - 1831 1935 
semicarpifolia 


O'strya vulgaris - - 1939 2015 
f 1940 2016 
\Suppl. 2537 2595 


sundaica - - 1833, 1834 1936 


Corylus Jvellana - 1941 2017 
Av. tubulosa - - 1942 2018 


pruinosa - - 1835 1937 


crispa - - - 1943 2018 


angustata - - - 1836 1937 
pallida - - 1837, 1838 1937 


Colurna - - - 1948 2029 
arborescens - 1949 2029 


flegans - - 1839 1938 


fcrox - 1950 2031 


placentaria - 1840 1938 
glaberrima - - 1842 1938 


Garn/aceae. 


costata - - 1841, 1843|}^ 


Garrya elliptica - 1951 2032 


rotundata - - - 1844 1939 


Platanacea. 


rfaphnoidea - - 1845 1939 
platycarpa - - - 1846 1939 


Platanus orientalis - 1952. to 1954-1 2Q35 


gemelliflora - 1847 1940 


occidentals - 1959 2043 


induta - - - 1848 1940 
pseudo-molucca - - 1849 1940 


Balsamdcete. 


turbinata - - - 1850 1941 
lineata - - - 1851 1941 


Liquidambar Styraciflua - 1961 2049 
imberbe - - 1963, 1964 2054 


Mexican. 


Altingio - - - 1965 2054 


xalapensis - - - 1852 1941 
glaucescens - - 1853 1941 
obtusata - - - 1854 1942 


^Ayricftceat* 

Afyrica Gale - - 1 966, 1 967 | f Q f^ 


pandurata - - 1855, 1856 1942 
repanda - - - 1857 1943 
fcurina - - - 1858 1943 
sideroxyla - I860 1943 
mexicana - - - 1861 1944 


cerifera latifolia - - 1968 2O57 
Faya - - 1969 2059 
spathulata - - - 1970 2059 
Comptom'a asplenifolia - 1971 2O60 


crassipes - - - 8862 1944 


Gnetaceae. 


angustifolia - - 1859 1943 
lanceolata - - - 1863 1944 
reticulata - - - 1865 1945 
chrysophylla - - 1864 1945 


JETphedra distachya -1973,1974 2O63 
monostachya - 1975, 1976 2064 
altissima -1977,1978,1979 2O64 
f 1980 2065 


pulchella - - - 1866 1945 


- 1 Suppl. 2539 2597 


spicata - - - 1867 1945 


V STf 


stipularis - - - 1868 1946 


Taxacete. 


crassifolia - - - 1869 1946 


Taxus baccata fastigiata - 1981 2066 


ambigua - - - 1870 1946 


Salisbuna adiantifolia -1982,1983 2095 


depr6ssa - - - 1871 1946 


Podocarpus latifolius - - 1995 210O 


confertifolia - - 1872 1947 


chillnus - - 1996 2101 


tridens - - - 1873 1947 


elongatus ... 1997 2101 


acutifolia - - - 1874 1947 


coriaceus - - - 1998 2101 


Fagus sylvatica heterophylla \ \^Q M952 


taxifolius - - 1999, 2000 21O1 
Dacrydium cupressinum - 2001 2102 


sylv. cristata - - 1877 1952 


Phyllocladis rhomboidalis 2002, 2003 2102 


ferruginea - - - 1917 1981 
caroliniana - - 1915 1980 


ConiferfE. 


latifolia - 1916 1980 


{2043 2153 


obliqua - - - 1919 1982 
fcetuloides - - - 1920 1982 


2046 2*155 


Dombeyi - - - 1921 1983 


2048 2160 


dubia - - 1922 1983 


syl. uncinata - 2047 2157 


Castanea pumila - -1927,1928 2002 


,,. J~2057, 2058 2186 


martabanica - - 1929 2003 


PUI 2062 2189 


x 2 



C1XXX BOTANICAL SPECIMENS IN TEXT. 




Figure Page 


Figure Page 


Pin. pum. Mugfius - 2059, 2060 2187 
r 21 9O 


Pin. Llaveana 


- 2177. to 2179 [2268 


Banksiana - 2064. to 2066 {2191 


muricata 


- 2180 2269 


inops - - 2068. to 2070 f^jgg 


tuberculata 

radiata 


- 2181 2270 
- 2182 2271 


f 91 Q1 

mitis - - 2072. to 2076 \ * 


occidentalis 


- 2183 2272 


\2I96 
pungens - 2077. to 2079 2198 


Montezum# 


-2184, 2185 {^72 


{2200 


leiophylla 


- 2186 2274 


to 




"2274 


2202 


Cembra 


- 2188. to 2191 \ to 


austriaca - - - 2085 2205 




.2277 


S2206 
to 


Strobus 


- 2193, 2195- 2^8? 


2208 

99QQ 


excelsa 


- 21 97, 2200 1 2287 


2210 
resinosa - - 2094. to 2096 -T^j^ 


Lambertmna 


- 2203, 2206 [2290 


1 * ~ L L 

canadensis bifdlia 2098,2099 2213 


monticola 


- 2208, 2209 j ^92 


{2214 


contorta 


- 2210, 2211 2292 


2215 


^bies excelsa 


- 2212 2293 


2218 


excelsa nigra 


- 2213 2294 


Lemoma/ms - 2102, 2103 2216 


alba 


- 2224 2311 


minor - - 2104 2217 


nigra 


- 2225 2312 


52225 


rubra 


- 2228 2316 


to 


Smithzano 


- 2229 2317 


2227 
2231 


Douglaszt 


-2230, 2231 {^20 


to 


Menziesu 


- 2232 2321 


2233 


dumosa 


- 2233, 2234 2325 


brutia - - 2114. to 2116 2235 


cephalonica 


- 2235,2236 2326 


sp. from Nepal - -2117 2236 

" 9997 

TajMa - - 2118. to 2121 


Picea pectinata 


(9QQ/-V 
233? 


2238 


balsamea 


- 224O. to 2242 -j ||^ 


rigida - - 2123. to 2126 ^i 


Fraseri 


- 2243, 2244 234O 


1 9949 

serotina -2127. to 21 30 ^43 


grandis 
amabilis 


- 2245, 2246 2341 
- 2247, 2248 2342 


r 2131 2242 ' 


nobilis 


- 2249, 2250 2343 


1 Suppl. 2540 2599 
r 9944 
ponderosa- 2132. to 2135 j 2245 

Arceuthobium Oxycedri - 2137 2246 


Webbidna 
Pindrow 


(9044 
2345 
- 2254, 2255 | 2347 


T2247 


bracteata 


- 2256 2348 


Pinns Sabhmma - 2138. to 2 142 \ to 
^2249 


religiosa 


f 2257 2349 
\ Suppl. 2543 2602 


Coultert - 2144. to 2146 f^? 


Zarix europae x a 
Cedrus Libani 


- 2258 2353 
- 2267 2403 


" 2912 

longifolia - 2148. to 2151 \ 2253 


T2428 
Deodara - 2283, 2284. 2286 \ to 


Gerardt^na -2153 to 2155- ^^ 




1^2430 
!2433 


"2256 


Araucaria imbricata 


to 


australis - 2156. to 2159 \ to 




2435 


2258 


brasiliana 


2440 


canariensis - 2162. to 2165 -j 2953 




f 9441 


sinSnsis - - 2167. to 2169 2264 


excelsa 


- 2297. to 2301 -1 ^jj 


insignis - -2170, 2172 2265 
Teocbte - 2073, 2074 2266 


Cunninghamu 


f 2303, 2304 2444 
1 Suppl. 2545 2604 


patula - - 2175, 2176 2267 


Cunninghamt'a sinSnsis " 2306, 2307 2446 



LIST OF FUNGI, LICHENS, MOSSES, ETC. 



clxxxi 





Figure ^Page 




Figure Page 


Ddmmara orientalis 


- 2308, 2309 | ^443 


Jun. lycia 


- 2367, 2368 ( ^| 


australis 


- 2310, 231 1(2449 


thurifera 
excelsa 


- 2369 2503 
- 2370 2504 


Thuja occidentalis 


- 2312 2455 


recur va 


- 2371 2504 


orientalis 


- 2315 2459 


chinensis 


- 2372, 2373 2505 


cupressoides 


- 2316 2460 


Smithu 


- 2374 2505 


pendula 


- 2317, 2318 2461 


.E'mpetrum nigrum 


- 2375, 2376 2507 


Callitris quadrivalvis 


- 2319 2463 


rubrum 


- 2377, 2378 2508 


Cupressus sempervirens - 2320 2465 


Ceratiola ericb'ides 


- 2379, 2380 2509 


tfhybides 


- 2327 2475 


.Smilax aspera 


- 2381 2510 


lusitanica 


- 2328 2478 


excelsa 


- 2382 2511 


torulusa 


2329. to 2331 2479 


rubens 


- 2383 2511 




{2479 


Sarsaparilla 


- 2384 2512 


pendula - 


to s 


hastata lanceolata 


- 2385 2512 




2480 


quadrangularis 


- 2386 2514 


Taxodium distichum 


- 2335 2481 


jRuscus aculeatus 


- 2387 2518 


dist. nutans 


- 2338 2482 


hypophyllum 


- 2388 2519 


sempervirens 


- 2340, 2341 2487 


racemosus 


- 2389, 2390 2520 


Juniperus communis "| 
and Varieties J 


T2489 
2343. to 2349 \ to 
[2491 


Yucca gloriosa 
superba 
alo'ifolia 


- 2391 2522 
- 2392 2523 
- 2393 2523 


Oxycedrus 


- 2351, 2352 2494 


draconis 


- 2395 2525 


macrocarpa 


- 2353 2494 


stricta 


- 2396 2526 


drupacea - 


2354. to 2356 2495 


filamentosa 


- 2397 2526 


virginiana 


- 2357 2496 


angustifolia 


- 2398 2526 


bermudiana 


- 2358 2498 


flaccida - 


- 2399 2527 


Sabina and Vars. 


2359. to 2363 f ^^ 


glaucSscens 
Fourcroya longaeVa 


- 2400 2527 
- 2401 2527 


daurica 


- 2364, 2365 2501 


Littae^a gemmiflora 


- 2403 2529 


phoenicea 


- 2366 2502 


Agave americana 


Suppl. 2546 2606 




ChamaeVops humilis - 


- 2404 2530 



LIST OF FUNGI, LICHENS, MOSSES, &c. 



JEcidium Pini 

Berberidis 
/4garicus androsaceus 

ostreatus 

campanella 

deliciosus 

dryinus 

flaccidus 

hypothejus 

lepideus 

maculatus 

mastrucatus 

mucidus 

multiformis 

muscarius - 

palmatus 

phlebophorus 

riitilans 

spinipes 

strobilinus 
boletus edulis 

imbricatus 

velutinus 



2031 


2148 


47 


303 


1690 


1837 


1667 


1833 


2019 


2146 


2034 


2149 


1665 


1833 


2021 


2147 


2032 


2149 


2020 


2147 


2036 


2149 


1882 


1971 


1883 


1971 


2033 


2149 


1555 


1704 


1666 


1833 


1885 


1973 


2018 


2146 


2028 


2148 


2029 


2148 


1689 


1836 


1888 


1973 


1670 


1833 



Bulgaria sarcoides - - 1681 1835 

Cantharellus cibarius - 2037 2149 

Crateriumleucocephalum - 1898 1974 

Cenangium ^uercinum - 1682 1835 

Dacrymyces stellatus - 2024 2148 

Deedalea ietulina - - 1553 1703 

gibbosa - - 1886 1973 

9uercina - - 1668 1833 

Ditiola radicata - - 2023 2147 

Exidia auricula; Judce -1686 1835 

glandulosa - - 1687 1835 

Fistulina hepatica - 1674 1834 

Geoglossum cucullatum - 2039 2149 

viride ... 1899 1974 

JZelvella esculenta - - 19O4 1975 

pileus - - 1887 1973 

.Hydnum auriscalpium - 2030 2148 

corallbides - - 1889 1973 

rinaceus - 1675 1834 

imbricatum - . - 2035 2149 

J/ypnum cupressiforme - 1658 1831 

denticulatum - - 1656 1831 

Hysterium rugosum - 1897 1974 



clxxxii 



LIST OF INSECTS. 



Lecidea cornea 
Lskea complanata 
Lophium elatum 

mytilinum 
Z/ichen pulmonarius - 

articulatus 
Morchella esculenta 

patula 

Nidularia crucibulum 
Opegrapha venosa 
Peziza acicularis 

aeruginosa 

aurantia 

fructigena 

melastoma 

polymorpha 
Phacidium coronatum 
Polyporus fomentarius 

igniarius 

squamosus 

versicolor 

deformed sp. 
Puccinia .Buxi 



Acherontia A'tropos 

Balamnus nucum 

Bomby\ mori 

Callidium flexuosum 

Cantharis vesicatoria 

Catocala elocata 

Ceriira furcula 

Clytus /4rietis 

Cossus Ligniperda 

Jaws of the Larva of Cossus 

Ligniperda 

Cynips gallae tinctoriae 
Galls of Cynips gallae tinctoriae 
Dead Sea Apples 
Cynips producing Dead Sea 

Apples 

Galls of Diplolepis umbraculus 
ZJorcus parallelopipedus 

Little Grey Ermine Moth 

Scotch Pine shoots perforated j* 
by Hylurgus piniperda - \ 
Larva? of Ladybird and Syrphus 
Lim6xylon nasale 
/vucanus Cervus 
Megachlle centuncularis 
Nitidula grisea 
A'octua hastulifera 

Oak Galls and Apples 1649. to 

Oak Spangles 
Papilio Favonius 
Papilio Ilioneu* 
Phala? v na albifrons 



Figure Page 

- 1664 1833 


Rhizopogon albus 


Figure Page 

1 905 1 976 


- 1657 1831 


Scleroderma citrinum 


1688 1836 


- 2027 2148 


Sclerotium </uercinum - 


1691 1837 


- 2026 2148 


Spathularia flavida 


2040 2149 


- 1659 1832 


Sphae v ria agariciformis 


2042 2149 


- 2533 2590 


alutacea 


2041 2149 


- 1902 1974 


deusta - - 


1893 1973 


- 1903 1975 


disciformis 


1894 1973 


- 2025 2148 


fragiformis 


1892 1973 


- 1906 1976 


Peziza - 


1895 1974 


- 1679 1834 


Spilonia fuliginosum 


1662 1833 


- 1891 1973 


Sticta scrobiculata 


1660 1832 


- 1678 1834 


Stictis radiata 


1683 1835 


- 1900 1974 


Stilbum turbinatum 


1896 1974 


- 1890 1973 


Thelephora hirsuta 


1677 1834 


- 1680 1834 


laciniuta 


2038 2149 


- 1692 1837 


yueVcina - 


1676 1834 


- 1672 1834 


sanguinolenta 


2022 2147 


- 1671 1834 


Tremelia intumscens 


1685 1835 


- 1669 1833 


mesenterica 


1684 1835 


- 1554 1703 


Tuber cibarium 


1901 1974 


- 1673 1834 


U'snea plicata - - 


1661 1832 


- 1219 1340 Verruc ria analepta - 


1663 1833 


LIST OF INSECTS. 




- 1081 1253 


Ph. Aurora - 


1729 1868 


- 1947 2028 


luna - 


1962 2053 


- 1224 1356 


lucida - 


1766 1891 


- 1268 1446 


neogama 


1261 1438 


- 1047 1224 


neustria 


1 769 1 893 


- 1293 1484 


Polyphemus 


2535 2591 


- 1518 1659 


stigma 


1752 1884 


- 1541 1680 


tesselaris - 


1918 1981 


- 1233 1386 


Fir Cone attacked byPhalas^na 
Tinea - - 


2016 2145 


J1234 1387 


Fir Bud attacked by Eudorea 


2017 2146 


- 1822 1929 


resinea 




33 1821 1929 


Trees attacked by Pissodes pini 


2012 2141 


3, 1824 1931 


and P. notatus 






S"carabae v us Melolontha 


1648 1822 


l | 1825 1932 


Scolytus destructor 


1235 1387 


is 1697 1843 


S'ilpha grisea 


1288 1479 


- 635 886 


Sinodndron cylindricum 


1048 1229 


f 2463 2564 


<S*phinx coniferarum 


2161 2260 


1 2464 2565 


drupiferarum 


1253 1418 


'J2013 2142 


jasminearum - 1079 


>{! 


as 547 81 1 


juglandis - 


1270 1447 


- 1646 1818 


ligustri 


1021 1201 


- 1645 1816 
- 548 812 
- 1289 1480 
- 1544 1688 


Ravages of Tomicus chalcogra- " 
phus 
Ravages of Tomicus typogra- ' 
phus 


!2015 2144 
2014 2143 


("1824 


Tortrix viridana 


1647 1818 


to 1651 -I to 


Trochilium crabroniforme 


1290 1481 


|_1826 
- 1652 1827 


Larvae of Trochilium crabroni- " 
forme 


1296 1482 


- 1745 1879 


Zeuzera ae'sculi 


636 887 


- 2521 2584 
- 1728 1868 


Section of a Pear Tree per- " 
forated by Zeuzera aj'sculi 


- 637 887 



LIST OF 1)1. Mill A MS, ETC. 



clxxxiii 



LIST OF DIAGRAMS, &c. 




Figure 

Effect of the Sea- Breeze on \ 

the Oak - - j" J 

Parallelogram for drawing ' 

Trees 

Touch of the Oak 
Touch of the Leaves of the 

wild Pear 
Outline of an entire Tree, a 

young Oak 
Outline of a young Tree of the 

Bird- Cherry 

Details of leafing, the Oak 
Details of leafing, the Bird- 
Cherry 
Chinese Characters signifying 

" Moutan " 
Mode of protecting Magnolia I 

grandiflora - - - J 

Cotyledons of A^cer Pseudo- ~) , . . 

Platanus - - -j 11 

Mode of planting Robi- ~\ 111 

ma hispida - J Suppl. 2439 

Designs for a Rosarium ( 525 ' tO 527 { 

I Suppl. 2461 

Arch for training Roses - - 528 
Trellis for ditto - - 529. to 531 
Standards for training! - _ 

Roses - - J562. c 

Mode of training Roses on Walls 537 
Budding Roses - - 538. to 542 1 

Pruning Roses - - 543. to 545 

Training standard Roses - - 546 
Germination of the Mistletoe - 772 
Honeysuckle, architectural or-~l 

^886 
to 
888 
Brick and Tile Drains - 999. to 1001 

r. . /. T- f!002 

Designs for Ericacetums, or I 

American Grounds - | .. 

l_ lUUo 

Spray of the Ash - - 1046 



Basket-making - 



Figure _ Page 

- 1277. to 1285 



nament 

Plans for Ericetums, or Heath- 
eries 



- 



266 



415 

416 

2552 

795 

796 

2561 

797 

798 



800 



807 
809 
1024 

796 1043 

1096 

to 

1099 
1175 
1178 

to 

1185 
1222 



Grafting O'rnus americana - 1071 
French Parterres - 1216, 1217-f 



1245 
1337 
1338 

Spray of the Elm - -1232^1382 

Elms injured by Scoly- \ 7 f 1388 

tus destructor - J 1 " 36 ' KJ7 \ 1389 

Birds (Titmouse)on the Walnut 1256 1424 

Budding the Walnut - 1258, 1259 



{1473 
to 
1475 



1476 



Fences of Willow - 1286, 1287 

Willow pierced by Tro- ~| 

chiliumcrabroniformej 1 ' 
Huts of Birch Bark in Lapland 1552 1698 

Oak Trees with inoscu- 1 

t j rp i f loiso, io^7 1 7oO 

lated Trunks - J 

{1794 
to 
1796 
Touch of the Oak, by Strutt - 1642 1796 

Barnacles on the Oak 1653. to 1655 
2541 



~} 



2600 
1859 



Barnacles attached to a Piece 

of Spruce Fir 

Branching of Turkey Oak - 1720 
Acorns of different Species of "1 _ 

American Oaks - - j J 
Axe for detaching Cork from \ 
the Trunk of the Cork TreeJ 
Spray of the Beech -1879,1880 
1881 
1884 
1908 



1799 1915 



1967 
1971 
1972 
1977 

1 944 2023 



RusticFlower- Basket of Hazel 1 

Rods - - j 1945 

Rustic Arbour of Hazel Rods - 1946 

'958 



2025 
2038 

Log House of Pine Trunks -2006 2123 
American Worm Fence - 2O07 2123 

Swedish Wooden Fence - 2008 2124 

f 

Grafting the ^bi^tina; - 2009, 2010 \ 

Skeleton of a Scotch Pine at 

Gordon Castle - - 
Mode of cutting out"] 

Deals from theTrunks 1 2053, 2054 

of Pine and Fir Trees J 
Section of Larch Board, hav- 

ing a Branch with the Bark -2265 2380 

on embedded in it - - 
Sections of Larch affected by 

Rot - 

Frame and Cover forl 

protecting Half-hardy 1-2405, 24O6 

Plants - J 

Ground Plan of an Espalier"! 

for training the Locust - j 
Black Mulberry at Canterbury 2526 2586 
Design for a Labyrinth .. - 2538 2599 






21 70 






2531 



J 



LIST OF AUTHORITIES 



LIST OF AUTHORITIES 

FOR GENERIC AND SPECIFIC NAMES, &c. 





A. 


Berlins. 


Berlins. \ Swedish writer 


A. ct .<?. 


Albertini ct Srfiw. rnifz. Mo- 
ravian missionaries resident 
in America. 


Berk. 


upon Cape Plants. 
Rev. .V. ./. Berkeley. An 
English cryptogamic bota- 


Abb. ct Smith. 

Abbott. 
Abel. 

Ach. 


Abbott and Smith. The first 
an amateur, the second the 
founder of the Linnxan So- 
ciety. 
Abbott. See Abbott ct Smith. 
Abel. Author of " Personal 
()bservations,\-c.,in China." 
Acharins. A Swedish pro- 
fessor, and writer upon Li- 


Bert. > 
Bet-tot, j 
Bess. 1 - 
Bessn: j 
Jiicb. 

Bind. -) - 

Bielow. V 
Hig . 3 


nist. 
Bertoloni. A writer upon 
the Flora of France. 
Besser. A Russian professor, 
resident in the Crimea. 
Bieberstein. A Russian bota- 
nist of great note. 
Jacob Bigclow, M.D. Pro- 
fessor of botany at Boston, 
U. S., and author of "Ame- 


Ach. Rich. - 


chens. 
Achille Richard. A French 




rican Medical Botanv," and 
" Florida Bostoniensis." 


A dans. 


botanist. 

Adanson. A French syste- 


Blunic. 


Blinnc, M.D. A Dutch 
botanist. 


A. DeC. 


matic botanist. 
Alphonse De Candolle. Author 


Bocrh. 


Boerhaarc. An old Dutch 
botanist 




of" Monographic des Cam- 
panulees," \c.; and son of 


Bolt. 


Bo/ton. An English writer on 




the distinguished De Can- 
dolle 


Booth. 


Fungi. 
Booth. Brothers, nurserymen 


Ahcl. 


Afzelhis. A Swedish pro- 


Bonpl. 


at Hamburg. 
Bonjiland. A French tra- 


Ait. 


Aiton. Director of the Roval 
< i 'inh'ii "it K c\v 




veller in South America, 
arid botanist. 


Alb. ft Schir. 


Albertini and Schwciniti. 
Writers upon Fungi. 


Booth. 


JC. Beattie Booth. Describer 
of the Camellias figured in 
('bander's " Illustrations of 


All. 1 


Allioni. An Italian tH.tanist. 




the Camellieie." 


A /lion i. 5 
Alpin. 


Prosper A//>inf. An Italian 


Bark. 


Borkhausen. A (ierman bo- 
tanical author. 




physician, ami author of 


Burrer. 


IVilliam Borrer. A writer 




l/e 1 lantis .i,g\pti et oc 




on British Plants, and one 




Balsamo, \c. 




ol the authors of "Licheno- 


Anderson.) 


chant ; published a paper 


Bosc. 


graplna Britannic. i." 
finxc. A French botanist, 


And,. ) - 


Henri/ Andrews. A botanical : 




and traveller in North 
Ami rica. 


Anarnt's. ] 


drauglitsinan, and editor of 
the "Botanical Repository," 


Brri/n. 


Bret/n. Author of" Exotica- 
rum Plantarum Centuna," 


An dib. 1 - 
Amlibert.S 


Audibert. A nurseryman at 
Tarascon, in the south of 


Bronp. 


A. Brwniurt. A French 
botanist. 


Austin. 


Austin. A nurseryman at 


Brat. 


Broteni. A Portuguese bo- 
tanist. 




Glasgow. 


Brovssonet. 


Bronssonet. A French bota- 








nist, and traveller. 




15. 


Btich. 


TO/I Buch. A (ierman bota- 


Bab. 


B(ibint(in. An English bo- 




nist, an author of a Flora of 




tanist. 




be Canaries. 


Backhouse. . 


Backhouse. A nurserMiian 


Buchanan. 


Buchanan, formerly Hamil- 




at York. 




ton. An English physician, 


1Mb. ) 


Balbis. A French professor 




and traveller in Nepal. 






Bull. 


Halliard. A French writer 


/{angler. 


Banistrr. ' A botanical au- 




upon Fungi. 




thor, and traveller. 


Bnngc. 


finrifje. One of the authors 


Barrel. ) 

Ba,relier. \ ' 


Bnrrelier. A French botanist. 


f lurch. 


of " Flora Altaica." 
Btirrhell. An English txita- 


Bartr. ( - 


Bur train. Formerly a nur- 




mst, and traveller at the 


Bar tram. 5 


ser\ man at Philadelphia. 




Cape of (iood Hope. 


Hat. f . 


Bastard or Batard. A writer 


Bitrgsdi rf . 


Bnr^sdorJ. A (ierman l>ota- 


lilt < / \ 


upon the Mora of 1 ranee. 




nist . 


Hats', h. 

jr.... I 


Batsch. A writer upon 1 ungi. 


Busch. 


Biiseh. A (ierman gardener, 


//(;;///. / 
liauhin. \ 


litnihin. Brot tiers, professors 
of medicine, published in 




ford, Middlesex ; and after- 



entham. An English bo- 
tanist, secretary to the 
Horticultural <ociet\ of 



; gardener to the Em- 
press Catherine, at /ako- 

je-.c'lo. 

Biifhauni, M.D. A Russian 



FOR GENERIC AND SPECIFIC NAMES, ETC. 



clxxxv 



Cajsalp. 
Camb. 

Camcr. 

Cass. 
Castagne. 

Catesb. 

Catcshy. 
Calros. 

Cav. 

C. Bauh. 
Cels. 



Cels. 

C. G. Nees Von 

Esenbeck. 
Chaill. 
Cham. 

Chois. 
Clus. 

Colebr. 



Coll a. 
Com. 
Cook. 
Correa. 



Cranlz. 
CuUum. 

Cunn. 7 

Cunningham. 3 
Curt. 



Dalech. 
Darlington. - 

Davies. 
D. Don. 



Deb. I 

De Bray. J 
Dec. 1 

De Candolle. j 

De Geer. 



Dejean. 

Del. 
Delamarre. 

Delarb. 



botanist ; traveller through 
Armenia. 



Ctfsalpinus. A famous old 
Italian botanist. 

Cambesscdes. One of the 
authors of " Flora Brasilia' 
meridionalis." 

Camcrarius. A German bo- 
tanist, author of " Hortus 
Medicus et Philosophieus," 
&c. 

H. Cassini. A French bota- 
nist. 

L. Castagne. A French bo- 
nist ? 

M. Cntcsby. A botanist, and 
traveller in North America. 

Catros. A nurseryman at 
Bordeaux. 

Cavanilles. A Spanish pro- 
fessor and botanist. 

Caspar Bauhin. A celebrated 
botanist of the 16th century. 

Celsius, D.D., Greek professor 
at Upsal, and friend of 
Linnaeus. 

Cels. A nurseryman in Paris. 
7 C. G. Nees Von Esenbeck. A 
J German botanist. 

M. Chaillet. A Swiss botanist. 

Chamisso. A German tra- 
veller round the world. 

Choisy. A Swiss botanist. 

Clusius. An old French bo- 
tanist and traveller. 

Colebrooke. A celebrated 
English writer upon Indian 
Plants. 

Colladon. A Genevese bota- 
nist. 

Commelin. A Dutch bota- 
nist. 

Capt. S. E. Cook. A natu- 
ralist and traveller. 

Correa de Serra. A Portu- 
guese botanist and diplo- 
matist. 

Crantz. An Austrian'botanist. 

T. G. CuUum. A botanical 
amateur. 

A.Cunningham. Colonial bo- 
tanist at Sydney. 

Curtis. An English writer 
upon Plants. 

D. 

Dalechamps. Author of 
" Historia generalis Plan- 
tarum." 1586, 1587. 

Darlington. A writer in 
" Amer. Lye. N. H." of 
New York. 

H. Davies, D.D. A Welsh 
botanist. 

David Don. Professor of bo- 
tany in King's College, 
London, and librarian to 
the Linnaean Society. 

Dcbray. A botanist of Frank- 
fort. 

A. P. De Candolle. The 
celebrated French systema- 
tic botanist. 

C. De Geer. Author of 
" Memoires pour servir a 
PHistoiredes Insecte?,"&-c. 

Le Comte Dejean. A French 
naturalist. 

See Delile. 

Delamarre. A French writer 
on plants. 

Ant. Delarbre. A French 
botanist, author of " Flore 
d'Auvergne." 



Dclilc. 
Dcsccmct. 

Desf. 

Desrous. 

Desm. 

Desv. 

Dickson. 

Dios. 

Dod. I . 
Dodon. 3 

Domb. 

Don of Forfar. 

Donn. 



Dougl. 7 
Douglas. C 

Dralet. 

Duby. 

Dufour. 

Dumont. 

Dun. 7 
Dunal. j 
Dupont. 



Dur. 
Durand. 
Du Roi. 



Ehr. 
Ehrenberg. 

Ehrh. 
Elliot. 
Ellis. 

Eschsch. 



Esper. 



Fab. 7 
Fabr. j 
Falla. 

Ft'ng* 

Fisch. 

Fischer. 

Floy. 

Flilgge. 
Forbes. 



Forsk. 
Forst. 

Fourc. 
Fries. - 



Delile. A French professor, 
and traveller in Egypt. 

Dcsn-niet. Director of the 
Botanic Garden at Nikitkfc, 
in the Crimea. 

Desfontaines. A French bo- 
tanical author, and tra- 
veller in Barbary. 

Desrousseaux . A French bo- 
tanist. 

DeMMattrwf. A French cryp- 
togamic botanist. 

Desvaux. A French pro- 
fessor of botany. 

Dickson. An English cryp- 
togamic botanist. 

Dioscoridcs. An ancient clas- 
sic author and botanist. 
Dodonceus, or Dodoens. A 
botanist of the 16th cen- 
tury. 

Domi>cy. A French tra- 
veller in South America. 

Don of Forfar. A Scotch 
botanist. 

Donn. Formerly curator of 
the Cambridge Botanic 
Garden. 

David Douglas. The cele- 
brated botanical collector 
and martyr. 

Dralet. A French writer on 
the oak. 

Duby. A French botanist. 

Dufour. A French botanist. 

Dumont de Courset. A writer 
upon French garden plants. 
Dunal. A French botanist. 

Dupont. A French botanist, 
author of "Double Flore 
Parisienne." 1805. 

Durand. A French botanist . 
Du Roi. A German writer 
upon plants. 



See Ehrenberg. 

Ehrenberg. A German tra- 

veller in Arabia, &c. 
Ehrharl. A German botanist. 
Elliot. An American botanist. 
Ellis. A London merchant 

and botanist. 
Dr. Eschscholtx. A German 

botanist. 
Esper. A German writer on 

Fungi. 

F. 

P. C. Fabricius. A German 
botanist. 

Falla. A nurseryman at 
Gateshcad, near Newcastle. 

Fingerhuth. A German bo. 
tanist. 

Dr. Fischer. A Russian bo- 
tanist. 

Floy. A nurseryman in New 
York. 

Fliigge. A German writer 
upon grasses. 

Forbes. Gardener to His 
Grace the Duke of Bed. 
ford, at Woburn. 

Forskaht. A Danish natu- 
ralist, and traveller in 
Arabia. 

Forsters (Father and Son). 
Travellers in the South 
Seas with Captain Cook. 
A. F. Fourcroy. A French 
botanist. 

Friet. A Swedish botanist, 
and writer upon Fdngi. 

y 



clxxxvi 



LIST OF AUTHORITIES 



Fuch. 


Fuchs. A celebrated Ger- 


Hodgins. 




man botanist. 






G. 


Hc\ffmans 


Gtert. 


G&rtner. A celebrated Ger- 


Holmsk. - J 


Garden- 


man carpologist. 
Garden. A Scotch physician 


Hook. 




resident at Charleston. 




Gaudichaud. 


Gaudichaud. A French bo- 
tanist. 


Hook, et Arn. 


G. Don. 


Geo. Don. A botanist, and 






editor of "Don's Miller." 




Geoffr. 
Ger. et Lob. - 


Geoffroy. A French bota- 
nist of the 18th century. 
See Gerard, and also Label. 


Hoppe.l - 
Hope. 5 
Horn. 


Ge.r. 1 
Gerard. $ ~ 


Gerard. A French botanist. 


ffnrf 


Germar. 


Germar. A German ento- 


fiori. 


Gesn. 


mologist. 
Conrad Gesner of Zurich, a 


Hort. Par. - 

JJnst 




famous botanist. 


flOSl. 


Gill. 


Dr. Gillies. A botanist and 


Howison. 




traveller. 




Gill, et Hook. 


See Gill. t and also Hook. 


Tf*t/Jc- 


Gmel. 


Gmelin. A Russian botanist, 


ftUCLS. 




and traveller in Siberia. 


Hull 


Godgfroy. 
Goldie. 


Godefroy. A nurseryman at 
Ville d'Avray, near Paris. 
Goldie. A nurseryman at 


Humb. et Bonp. 7 
Humb.et Bonpl.S 




Ayr, in Scotland. 




Gordon. 


George Gordon. Superinten- 






dent of the Arboretum in 






the Horticultural Society's 
Garden. 


Illig. 7 - 
Illiger. 3 


Gouan. 


Gouan. A French botanist. 




Grah. 7 - 


Graham, M.D. Regius pro- 




Graham. 3 


fessor of Botany at Edin- 




Grev. 


burgh 
Dr. Greville. An English 


Jacq. 




botanist, and writer upon 




Grigor. 


cryptogamous plants. 
Grigor. A nurseryman at 
Elgin. 


Jaume St.HUaire. 


Glildenst. 


Guldenstaedt. A Russian bo- 




Guss. 


tanist. 
Joannes Gussone, M.D. Di- 


J.B. 7 - 
J. Bauh. 3 




rector of the Royal Botanic 






Garden at Palermo, and a 




Gyll. 


botanical author. 
L. Gyllenhall. Author of 


John Grigor. 




" Insecta Suecica de- 


J. 0. W. 




scripta." 1808,1827. 








Juss. 




H. 








Juv. 


Hanke. 


H&nke. A German botanical 






writer. 




Hakluyt. 


Hakluyt. Author of "Two 
Remembrances of Things to 
be undiscovered in Turkey, 


Keempf. 




&c." 1592. 


Karw. et Zuccar. 


Hall. 


Haller. A Swiss botanist. 




Hall.fil. 
Ham. 7 - 


Haller the younger. 
Hamilton. A botanist, and 


Kalm. 


Hamilt. j 


traveller in the East Indies. 




llanbury. 


Hanbury. A writer upon 


Ker. 




gardening. 




Harris. 


Harris. An entomologist. 


Kerner 


Hart. 


Hartweg. Author of " Hor- 






tus Carlsruhensis." 




Harlig. 


Hartig. A writer on the 
culture of forest trees. 


Kit. 7 - 


Hasselq. 


Hasselquist. A botanist, and 


Kitaib. J 




traveller in the Levant. 


K/otzsch. 


Hayne. 


Hayne. A German botanist. 




H B. 


Humboldt and Bonpland. Fa- 


Knowl. et West- 7 




mous travellers and bota- 


cott. 3 




nists. 




H. B. et Kth. . 


Humboldt, Bonpland, and 


Koch. 




Kunth. German botanists. 




Hell. 


N. C. Hellenius. A Swedish 


Koehl. 




botanist 




H. et Kth. 


Humboldt and Kunth. Ger- 


Krause. 7 - 




man botanists. 


Krauss, 3 


H. L. W. 


Henry Lee Warner, Esq., 
Tibberton Court, Herts. 


Kunth. 



Hodgins. ' Nurseryman, Dun- 
ganstown, near Wicklow. 

Hoffmannsegg. A botanist of 

Dresden. 

Holmskiold. A Danish bota- 
nist. 

Sir W. J. Hooker. Regius 
professor of botany in the 
University of Glasgow. 

Sir W. J. Hooker and Arnott, 
authors of "The Botany 
of Captain Beechey's Voy- 
age to the Pacific," &c. 

Hoppe. A German botanist 
and collector of plants. 

Hornemann. A Danish bo- 
tanist and professor. 

Hortulanorum. Of the Gar- 
deners. 

Of the Paris' Garden. 

Host. An Austrian botanist, 
and botanical author. 

Hoi/>ison. A writer in the 
" Edin. Phil. Journ." 

Hudson. An English writer 
upon British plants. 

Hull. A English botanist. 

Humboldt and Bonpland. 
See H. B. 



C- Illiger. A writer on na- 
tural history. 

J. 

Jacquin. An Austrian tra- 
veller in South America, 
and botanist. 

Jaume Saint Hilaire. A 
French botanist, and author 
of " Plantes de la France," 
&c. 

Jo. Bauhin, brother of Cas- 
par Bauhin, and author of 
" Historia Plantarum uni- 
versalis." 1650, 1651. 

John Grigor, nurseryman of 
Torres. 

J. 0. Westwood. An English 
entomologist. 

Jussieu. A celebrated French 
systematic botanist. 

Juvenal. A classic author. 



K. 



A traveller in 



Kampfer. 

Japan. 
Baron Karviinski and Zucca- 

rini. Zealous promoters 

of botany in Germany. 
Kalm. Professor of botany 

at Abo, in Sweden. 
Ker. A describer of plants 

in " Bot. Reg." 
J. S. Kerner. Author of 

" Figures (et Descriptions) 

des Plantes economiques." 

17861794. 

Kitaibel. A Hungarian bo- 
tanist. 
K/otzsch. A German writer 

on Fungi. 

7, Knowles (G. B.} and Westcot t 
3 (F.). Conductors of the 

" Floral Cabinet." 
Koch. A professor at Er- 

langen. 
Koeler. A writer on German 

and French grasses. 
Krause. A Dutch botanist, 

and author of " Boomen en 

Heestar." 
Kunth. A. Prussian botanist. 



FOR GENERIC AND SPECIFIC NAMES, ETC. clxxXVli 



' > 

Jasca. 3 
'arck. } 



Lab. 7 
Labill. j 
Lag. 

La Gasca 
Lam 
Lama 
Lamb. 
Lambert. $ 

Lap. 7 
Lapey.S 

Lot. 7 
Latr. j 
Lawr. 

Laxm. 
Leach. 
Lech. 

Led. 7 

Ledebour. 3 
Lee. 

Lehm. 



Lejeune. 
Lessing. 



Lewis. 

L.fil. 
VH4r. 



Lightfoot. 
Lin. 

Lindl. 



Link. 7 
Lk. 3 

Link et Otto. 7 
Lk. et Otto. 3 
Lob. 
Lobel. 
L'Obel 
Lodd. 7 - 
Loddiges. 3 

Lois. 

Lois. Deslong- 

champs. 
London. 



Lour. 

L. pat. 
Lysons 



Macgillivray. 

Mackie. 
Main. 

Mai. 7 - 
Malp. ] 



Linneeus. The celebrated 
reformer of natural history. 

Labillardiere. A French 
botanist. 

Lagasca. A Spanish bota- 
nist and professor. 

Lamarck. A French bota- 
nist. 

A. B. Lambert, F.R.S. Pre- 
sident of the Linnean So- 
ciety. 

La Peyrouse. A French 
writer upon the plants of 
the Pyrenees. 

LatreUle. A French entomo- 
logist. 

Lawrence (Miss}. An En- 
glish flower-painter. 

Laxmann. A German writer 
on Siberian plants. 

W. E. Leach. An English 
entomologist and author. 

Lechenault. A French bota- 
nist. 

Ledebour. A botanist, and 
traveller in Siberia. 

Lee. A nurseryman at 
Hammersmith. 

Lehmann. A German bota- 
nist and professor at Ham. 
burg. 

Lejeune. A French botanist. 

Lessing. A writer on Com- 
positae, and resident at 
Berlin. 

Lewis. An American tra- 
veller. 

Linn&us the younger. 

C. L. UHeritier. A French 
botanist and author. 

Lightfoot. A writer upon 
. the Scottish flora. 

LinruEUs. The celebrated 
reformer of natural his- 
tory. 

Dr. Lindley, F.H.S., $c. Pro- 
fessor of botany in Univer- 
sity College, London. 

Link. A celebrated Prussian 
botanist. 

Link and Otto. Two Prussian 
botanists. 

Label. An old writer upon 
plants. 

Messrs. Loddiges. Celebrated 
English nurserymen and 
botanists, Hackney. 

Loiseleur Desloiigchamps. A 
French botanist. 

J. C. Loudon, F.L.S., tyc. 
Author of this work, and 
of various works on garden- 
ing, agriculture, &c. 

Loureiro. A Portuguese tra. 
veller in Cochin-China. 

Linneeus the elder. 

Lysons. Author of " Envi- 
rons of London," &c. 



Macgillivray. A botanist, and 

editor of a small edition 

of "Withering's Botany," 

&c. 

Mackic. A nurseryman at 

Norwich. 

J.Main t A.L.S. A botanical 
and gardening author. 

Malpighi. A physiological 
botanist 



Malcolm. 

Marsh. 7 
Marshall. J 
Marsham. 

Master*. 

Math. 

Mayes. 

Medik. 

Menzies. 

Mertens. 

Meyer. 
Michx. 



Michx. fils. 7 
Michx. jun. j 



Mill. 
Mirb. 
M. J. B. 

M'Nab. 

Moc. 

Moc. et Sesse. 

Mcench. 

Mot. 

Mor. 

Moug. et Nest. 

Mont. 

Mr. G. Lindley. 

Miihl. ~) 

Muhlenb. > 

Miihlenberg. J 
Munch. 

Munt. 7 
Munting. J 
Murr. 

Mutts. 
MX. 



Neck. 

Necker. 

Nee. 

Nees. 

Nees von Esen- 

beck. 
Neili. 



Nestt. 



Malcolm. Late nurseryman 
at Kensington 

Marshall. A writer on 
American trees. 

Marsham. An English ento- 
mologist. 

W. Masters of the Canter- 
bury Nursery. 

Mathiolus. An Italian phy- 
sician. 

Mai/cs. A writer in the 
" West of England Journal 
of Science," &c. 

Medicus. A German botanist 
of the last century. 

Menzies. A Scotch botanist, 
and traveller round the 
world with Vancouver. 

Mertens. A French bota- 
nist. 

Meyer. A German botanist. 

blicliaux. A French botanist, 
and traveller in N. Amer., 
and author of" Flora Bore- 
alis Americana." 

Michaux the younger. Also a 
botanist and traveller in 
N. America, author of 
" Histoire des Arbres de 
1'Amerique." 

Miller. An English gar- 
dener and botanist. 

Mirbel. A French physiolo- 
gical botanist. 

The Rev. M. J. Berkeley, 
F.L.S., Sfc. 'An eminent 
English cryptogamist. 

M'Nab. Superintendent of 
the Edinburgh Botanic 
Garden. 

Mocino. A Mexican bota- 
nist. 

Mocino and Sesse. Two Mex- 
ican botanists. 

Mcench. ^A German bota. 
nist. 

Molina. An Italian writer 
upon the natural history 
of Chili. 

Morison. An old writer on 
plants. 

Mougept, a German crypto- 
gamist ; and Nestler, a bo- 
tanist of Strasburg. 

J. Monti. An Italian bo- 
tanist. 

Mr. George Lindley, late nur- 
seryman, Norwich. 

Miihlenberg. A North Ame- 
rican botanist. 

Baron Otto von Munchausen. 

A German botanist. 
A. Munting. A German bo- 
tanist. 

Murray. A German bota- 
nist. 

Mutts. A Spanish botanist, 
resident in New Grenada. 

Michaux. See Michx. 



N. 



Necker. A German writer 
upon botanical affairs. 

Louis Nee. A Spanish bota- 
nist. 

von Esenbeck. A Ger- 
man botanist. 

Dr. Netil of Canon Mills. 
A zealous botanist, and 
promoter of horticulture. 

Nestler. A botanist of Stras- 
burg. 

y * 



iNees 

5 ma 



clxxxviii 



LIST OF AUTHORITIES 



Nisi. 7 


Nissole. A French botanist. Ratseburg. - 


fjfifzeburg. An entomo- 


Nissole. 3 ' 






logist. 


Nois. J - 


Noisette. A French nurse- 


Ray. 


John Kay. A celebrated bo- 


Noisette. 3 


ryman. 




tanist and naturalist. 


Noronha. 


Noronha. A Spanish bota- 


Reb. 


J F. Rebentisch. A German 




nist who visited Madagas- 




botanist. 




car. 


R. Br. \ 


Dr. Robert Rrown,F.R.S., $c. 


Nutt. 7 - 


Nuttall. A North American 


R. Brown. \ 


A distinguished English 


Nuttall. j 


botanist. 




botanist and traveller in 








New Holland. 






Red. > 


Redoute. A French bota- 




O. 


Redoute". \ 


nical draughtsman. 


Old. 


Older. A Danish botanist. 


Reich. 


Reichcnbach. A German bo- 


Oldaker. 


Oldaker. Formerly gardener 
to Sir Joseph Banks. 


Renault. 


tanist. 
Renault. A French botanical 


Oliv. 7 - 
Olivier. 3 
Opiz. 


Olivier. A French botanist, 
and traveller in Persia. 
Opix. A German botanist. 


Reneaulm. 


writer. 
P. Reneaulme. Author of 
" Specimen Historian Plan- 
tarum." 1611. 


Or. ! 
Ort. 5 


Ortega. A Spanish botanist 


Retz. 


Retxius. A German bota- 


Otto. 
Otto et Hayne. 


Otto. Director of the Royal 
Botanic Garden, Berlin. 
Otto and Hayne. Two German 


Reyn. 
Rich. 


Reynier. A botanist of Lau- 
sanne. 
Richard. A French botanist. 




botanists. 


Richards. 7 


Dr. Richardson. A traveller 






Richardson. 3 


in the northern parts of 




P. 




British America, and au- 








thor of the Appendix on 


Pall. 


Pallas. A Russian traveller 




Natural History to Frank- 




and naturalist. 




lin's " Travels." 


Parnt. 


Parmentier. A French nur- 


Risso. 


Risso. An Italian writer 




seryman. 




unon nranpps. 


Parkinson. 


Parkinson. An old botanical 


Robert T. Pince. Robert T~ Pince of the Ex- 




author. 




eter Nursery. 


Penny. 


George Penny. A botanist 


Robs. 


Robson. An English bota- 




and nurseryman. 




nist. 


Perrottet. 


Perrottet. A French bota- 


Rachel. 


Rachel. Superintendent of 




nist. 




the garden at Pesth. 


Pers. 


Persoon. A French botanist 


Rom. et Schult. 


7 Rcemer, a German bota- 




and botanical author. 


Rccm. et Schult. 


3 nist ; and Schultz, a Bava- 


Pach. 


Peschier. Author of " Disp. 




rian botanist. 




inaug. de Irritabilitate Ani- 


Roll. 


Rollinson. A nurseryman 




malium et Vegetabilium. " 




near London. 




1697. 


Ronalds. 


Ronalds. A nurseryman at 


Petit Thouars. 


Aubertdu Petit Thouars. A 




Brentford. 




French botanist and bota- 


Rossmassler. 


Rossmassler. A German en- 




nical author. 




tomologist 


Ph. - 


Pursh. A Prussian botanist, 


Rott. 


Rattier. A German mission- 




and traveller in North 




ary. 


Phillips. 


America. 
Phillips. Author of " Sylva 


R C^ente? } A Spanish botanist. 


Pliny. 


Florifera," &c. 
Pliny. An ancient natural- 


Roxb. 


Roxburgh. An Indian bota- 
nist. 


Plumier. 


ist and classic author. 
Plumier. A French botanist, 


Royle. 


Dr. Royle, F.R.S., $c., Prof, 
of Mat Med. in King's Col- 




and traveller in the West 




lege. Author of " Illustra- 




Indies. 




tions of the Natural His- 


Pohl. 


Pohl. A German botanist. 




tory and Botany of the 


Pair. 


Poiret. A French botanical 




Himalayas," &c. 


Poit. et Turp. 
Poll. 


writer. 
Poiteau and Turpin. French 
botanical draughtsmen. 
Pollich. A German writer 


Rudge. 
Rudolphi. 


Rudge. An English writer 
upon botanical subjects. 
Rudolphi. A German cryp- 
togam ic botanist. 




on the plants of the Palati- 


Ruiz et Pav. 


"tRuiz and Pavon. Spanish 




nate. 


Ruiz et Pavon. 


3 botanists, and travellers in 


Potti. 


J. Potts. A collector of 




Peru and Chile. 




plants in China. 


Rumph. 


Rumphius. Author of " Her- 


Pourr. 


Pourret. A French bota- 




barium Amboinensis." 




nist. 


Russ. 


Russell. A botanist of 


Presl. 


Presl. A Bohemian botanist. 




Aleppo. 


Puer. 


Puerari. A professor at Co- 








penhagen. 






Pursh. 


Pursh. A Prussian botanist, 




S. 




and traveller in North 








America. 


Sab. 7 


J. Sabine, F.R.S.,8fc. A great 






Sabine. j 


encourager of natural his- 




R. 




tory, botany, and garden- 


R.etP. 


Ruiz and Pavon. Spanish bo- 
tanists, and travellers in 


Sal. 7 
Salisb.S 


ing. 
Salisbury. An eminent Eng- 
lish botanist. 




Peru and Chile. 


Salzm. 


Salzmann. Author of " Enu- 


Raj. 7 
Rafin. C 
Rafinesque. J 


Rafinesque Schmalz. A bo- 
tanical author. 


Samouelle. 


meratio Plantarum rario- 
rum, quas collegit." 1818. 
Samouelle. A British ento- 


Rand. 


Rand. Author of " In- 
dex Plantarum officinalium 


Santi. 


mologist and author. 
Santi. An Italian botanist. 




Horti Chelseani," &c. 1730. 


Saw. 


Savi. An Italian botanist. 



FOR GENERIC AND SPECIFIC NAMES, ETC. 



Schatf. 


Schtqffer. A German writer 


SV/7. 




upon Fungi. 


Sum. I - 


Schiede et, Dcppe. 


Schiede and Dcppe. Writers 
on the botany of Mexico. 


Swarlz. 3 


Schl. 


Schleicher. A Swiss plant 






collector. 




Schlecht. 


Schlechtentiahl. A celebrated 






German botanist. 




Schlecht. et Cham 


Schlechtetiduhl and Chamisso. 


Tabern. 




Two German botanists. 




Schleicher. - 


Schleicher. A Swiss plant- 


Tate. 




collector. 




Schmidt. 


Schmidt. A German botani- 


Tausch. 




cal author. 


Tav. 


Schneevoogt. 


Schneei'oogt. Author of 






" Icones Plantarum rario- 


Ten. 1 




rum." Haarlem, 1793. 


Tenore. 3 


Schober. 
Schonberg. 


Schober. A Russian physician. 
Schonberg. A German bota- 


Theoph. 
Thib. 




nist. 




Schott. 
Schousb. 


Schott. A traveller in Brazil. 
Schousboe. A writer upon the 
Flora of Morocco. 


Thomp. I - 
Thompson. 3 


Schouw. 


Schouw. A celebrated Danish 






botanist, and professor at 


Thore. 


Schrad. 7 - 


Copenhagen. 
Schrader. A German bo- 


Thory. 
Thouin. 


Schrader.} 


tanist. 


Thuil. 7 


Schrank. 


Schrank. A Bavarian bo- 


Thuillier. j ' 




tanist. 


Than. 7 


Schreb. 


Schreber. A German bo- 


Thunb. j 




tanist. 


Tighe. 


Schubert. 


Schubert. A Polish botanist. 


Tineo. 


Schult. 1 - 


Schultes. A Bavarian bo- 




Schultes.} 
Schum. 


tanist. 
Schumacher. A Danish bo- 


T. Nees ab E. 




tanist. 


Tode. 


Schwein. 


Schweinitz. An American 






botanist 


Torrey. 


Scop. 


Scopoli. An Italian botanist. 




Scouler. 


D. Scouler. Professor at 


Tourn. - 




Dublin. 




Sccondat. 


Secondat. A French natu- 






ralist. 


Trag. 


Ser. 1 
Seringe. J 


Seringe. A Swiss botanist. 


Trat. 


Sevres. 


Sevres. A French writer on 






agriculture. 


Turner. 


Sibth. 


Sibthorp. An English bota- 






nist, and professor of botany 


Turp. 




at Oxford, traveller in 






Greece, and author of 






"Flora Graeca." 




Sieb. 


Sieber. A botanical collector. 




Sieb. 


Siebold (Dr. von). A Bavarian 






botanist, who has imported 
many valuable plants from 
Japan. 


Vahl. 
Vail. 


Sievers. 


Sievers. A German botanist. 




Sims. 


Sims. An English garden 


Vent. 




botanist. 




Smith. 


Sir J. . Smith. Founder of 


Vest. 




the Lin. Soc., and author 
of several botanical works. 


Vill. 7 
Pillars. 3 


Smith of Ayr. 


Smith. Nurseryman of Ayr. 


Vilmorin. 


Sol. ) - 


Solander. A Swedish bo- 




Soland, j 


tanist, and companion of 


Virg. 

J"t 




Sir Joseph Banks in Cook's 


t tttn. 


Somm. 


voyage round the world. 
Sommerfelt. A German writer 


Viv. 




on..Fungi. 




Sotilangc-Bodin. 


Soulange-Bodin. A French 
botanist and horticulturist. 




Sow. 


Sowerby. An English bota- 






nical draughtsman. 


W. - 


Spenser. 
Steele. 


Spenser. The celebrated poet. 
Steele. A writer in the 






"Gardener's Magazine." 




Sl,;>f,. 1 -. 


Stephens. A British entomo- 


Wahlenb. 


Ste/ihcns. 3 


logist 




Stev. / 
Steven. J 


Steven. A Russian botanist. 


Waitx 


Stev. et Fisch. 


Steven and Fischer. Russian 


Wai. 7 




botanists. 


Waldst. 3 


Stokes. 
Strab. 
Straus. a - 


Stokes. An English physician. 
Strabo. The geographer. 
Strauss. A German botanist. 


Waldst. et Kit. 



Sweet. An English botanist 
Swartz. A Swedish botanist, 

and traveller in the West 

Indies. 



T. 

Tabern&montanus. A Ger- 
man botanist. 

Tate. Nurseryman, Sloane 
Street, Chelsea. 

Tausch. A German botanist. 

Tavernier. A traveller in 
the East. 

Tenore. A Neapolitan bo- 
tanist. 

Theophrastus. 

Thibaud De Chanvalon. A 
French botanist. 

Robert Thompson. Superin- 
tendent of the fruit depart- 
ment in the Chiswick Gar- 
den. 

Thore. A French botanist. 

Thory. A French botanist 

Tkouin. A French botanist. 

Thuillier. A French botanist 

Thunberg. A Swedish bota- 
nical traveller. 

Tighe. An English poet. 

Tineo. A professor at Pa- 
lermo. 

T. Nees ab Esenbeck. A 
German botanist. 

Tode. A German writer on 
.Fungi. 

Torrey. An American bo- 
tanist. 

Tournefort, An old French 
botanist, and traveller in 
Greece and Asia Minor. 

Tragus or Bock. A German 
botanist 

Trattinik. A botanist of 
Vienna. 

Dr. Turner. A British bo- 
tanist and author. 

Turp. A French botanist and 
draughtsman. 



V. 

Vahl. A botanical author. 

VaMant. A French botanist 
and traveller. 

Ventenat. A French bo- 
tanist. 

Vest. A Styrian botanist 

J'illars. A French botanist. 

Vilmorin. A nurseryman and 
botanist at Paris. 

Virgil. 

Vitmann. A German bo- 
tanist. 

Viviani. An Italian botanist. 



W. 

Willdenaw. A German bo- 
tanist, and editor of an edi- 
tion of Linnaeus's " Species 
Plantarum," &c. 

Wahlenberg. A Swedish bo- 
tanist 

Wait*. A German collector 
of roses. 

Waldstein. A noble German 
patron of botany. 

Waldstein and Kitaibel. A u. 
thors of the " Flora of Hun. 
gary." 



cxc 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 



Walker. '- 
Wall, 

Wallr. 
Walt. 
W.etN. 

Wang. 
Wangenh. 
Wangenheim. 
Wats. ?; 
Watson. 3 
W.B. 



Weihe. 

Weihe et Nees. 
Wend. 
Wendl. 



Dr. Walker. A Scotch writer 
on plants. 

Wallich. Superintendent of 
the botanical garden at Cal- 
cutta, 

Wallroth. A German bo- 
tanist. 

Walter. A writer on the 
"Flora of Carolina." 

Weihe and Nees. German wri- 
ters on .Rubi. 

Wangenheim. A German bo- 
tanist. 

Watson. An English writer 
upon trees and shrubs. 

W.Borrer,F.L.S. Acelebrated 
English botanist, and writer 
upon English plants, more 
especially willows. 

Weihe. A German writer on 
tfubi. 

Weihe and Nees. Two Ger- 
man writers on .Rubi. 

J. W. F. Wenderoth. A Ger- 
man botanist. 

Wendland. A German gar- 
den botanist. 



Westw. 


- 


W. Henderson. 
Whitleg. 


Wicks. 


- 


Willd. 
Winch. 


- 


With. 


. 


Wood. \ 
Woods. 3 
Wormsk. 


- 


Wulf. 


- 


Zeyh. 


. 


Zucc. 


- 



J. 0. Westwood, F.L.S. An 
eminent English entomo- 
logist, and secretary to the 
Lond. Ent. Soc. 

W. Henderson. Crum Castle. 

Whitley. A nurseryman at 
Fulham. 

Wickstrom. A German bo- 
tanist. 
See W. 

Winch. A botanist, and writer 
on the flora of Northum- 
berland and Durham. 

Withering An English bo- 
tanist. 

Woods. An English writer 
on roses. 

Wormskiold. A Danish ..bo- 
tanist. 

Wulfcn. A German botanist 



Zeyher. A German gar. 

dener. 
Zuccagni. Superintendent of 

the Botanic Garden at 

Florence. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO, 

THE TITLES OF WHICH ARE ABRIDGED IN THE TEXT. 



The number following each contracted title refers to the page in which the book is first cited. 



Abbildung der deutschen Holzarten, 8<c. 190. F. Guimpel, C. L. Willdenow, and F. G. Hayne, 

Abbiidung der deutschen Holzarten, &c. Berlin, 1820. 4to, pi. 216. 
Abbildung derfremden in DetUschland ausdauernden Holzarten, SfC. 190. F. Guimpel, Abbildun- 

gen der fremden in Deutschland ausdauernden Holzarten, mit Angabe der Cultur von F. Otto, 

und Beschreibung von F. G. Hayne. Berlin. " 18191825. 4to. 
Abb. Inst. 1877. See Abbott and Smith's Natural History of Georgia. 

Abb. and Smith, Ins. of Georgia. 1659. See Abbott and Smith's Natural History of Georgia. 
Abbott and Smith's Insects of Georgia. 1418. See Abbott and Smith's Natural History of Georgia. 
Abbott and Smith's Natural History of Georgia. 1658. Abbott and Smith's Natural History of the 

Lepidopterous Insects of Georgia. London, 1797. 2 vols. fol. 
Abel's Chin. 391. Personal Observations made during the Progress of the British Embassy to 

China, and on its Voyage to and from that Country in the years 1816 and 1817. By Clerk Abel. 

Lond. 1818. 4to. 
Abhand. Kbntg. Akad. Wissens. Berlin. 2293. Abhandlungen der Physikalischen Kasse der Konig- 

lich-Preussischen Akademieder Wissenschaften aus den Jahren 1820 und 1821. Berlin, 1822. 4to. 
Account of the Larch Plantations on the Estates of Athol and Dunkeld. 2358. A Paper published in 

the Transactions of the Highland Society of Scotland, vol. xi. p. 169. 

Achar. Acad. Handl. 797. Acharius in Konfgl. Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlinger. 1741, and con- 
tinued. 8vo. 

Ach. Rich. Monogr. 1831. Richard (A.), Monographic de la Familledes E'leagnees. Paris, 1832. 4to. 
Ach. Syn. 1976. Erik Acharius, Synopsis Methodica Lichenum, sistens omnes hujus Ordinis na- 

turalis detectas Plantas, quas, secundum Genera, Species, et Varietates, disposuit, &c. Lundas, 

1814. 8vo. 
A Collection of Roses from Nature. 749. A Collection, &c., by Miss Lawrence. Lond. 1799. 

fol. pi. 90. 
Act. Haartem. 1276. Verhandelingen uitgegeeven door deHollandse Maatschappy der Weetenschap- 

pen te Haarlem. Haarlem, 1754, and continued. 8vo. 
Act. Nat. Scrut. Berl. 471. Beschaftigungen der Berlinischer Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde. 

Berlin, 1775, and continued. 8vo. 
Act. Petrop. 1291. Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae. Petropoli, 

17281751. 14 vols. 4to. 
Act. Soc. Batav. 2055. Verhandelingen van het Bataafsch Genootschapp der Proefondervindelyke 

wysbegeerte te Rotterdam. Rotterdam, 1774, and continued. 4to. 
Act. Suec. 1342. Acta Literaria Suecise. Upsal, 1720, &c. 4to. 

Adans. Fam. 292. Families des Plantes, &c. By Michael Adanson. Paris, 1763. 2 vols. 8vo. 
A Description of the Genus Pinus. 2104. A Description, &c. By Aylmer Bourke Lambert, F.R.S., 

Pres. of the Lin. Soc., &c. Lond. 1803. folio. A second volume in 1829, folio: and a new edi- 
tion in 1832, in 2 vols. 8vo : a third vol. in 1836, in folio. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CXC1 

JEneid. 962. Virgil's JEneid. Dryden's Translation. Carey's cd. Lond. 1806. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Afbeeldingcn der Fraaistc, Mccstwitheemsche Boomen en Heesters, %c. 189. By J. C. Krause. 

Amsterdam, 1802. Royal 4to, pi. 120. 

Afz. Ros. Suec. Tent. 769. Afzelius (Ad.), De Rosis Suecanis Tentamina. Upsal, 1804 1807. 4to. 
Agric. of Hamp. 1798. A General View of the Agriculture of Hampshire, including the Isle of 

Wight. By Charles Vancouver. London, 1813. 8vo. 
Agricult. Manual. 2157. The Agriculturist's Manual ; being a familiar Description of the Agricul. 

tural Plants cultivated in Europe, including Practical Observations, &c. By P. Lawson and Son. 

Edinb. 1836. 8vo. 
Agricul. qf Clydesdale. 93. J. Naismith's Agricultural Survey of the County of Clydesdale. Lond. 

1806. 8vo. 

Agricultural Report. 2327. See Napier's Colonies. 
Agricultural Report for the County of Durham. 1404. Bailey's General View of the Agriculture of 

Durham, &c. Lond. 1811. 8vo. 
Ait. Hort. Kew. 1892. W. Alton's Hortus Kewensis. A Catalogue of Plants Cultivated in the 

Royal Gardens at Kew. Lond. 1810. 5 vols. 8vo. 

Alb. Acad. Ann. 237. Albinus (B.), Academicarum Annotationum Libri 8. Leyden, 1754 1783. 4to. 
A Letter on the Acacia. 615. By Dr. Pulteney, published in the Gentleman's Magazine for 1801, 

p. 1098. 

Alex. Trav. 2467. Travels from India to England. By J. E. Alexander. Lond. 1827. 4to. 
Allgem. Gartenzeit. 1211. Allgemeine Gartenzeitung. By .F. Otto and Dr. Dietrich. Berlin. 

Begun in 1832, and continued. 
All. Fed. 233. Allioni (C.), Flora Pedemontana, sive Enumeratio methodica Stirpium indigenarum 

Pedemontii. Aug. Taur. 1785. 3 vols. foL pL 92. 
Airs Well that Ends Well. 486. One of Shakspeare's plays. 
Alp. Eg. 526. Prosper Alpinus, De Plantis ^Egypti Liber. Venetiis, 1592. 4to. 
Alp. Exot. 430. Alpinus (P.), De Plantis Exoticis Libri 2. Edidit (A.) Alpinus. Venetiis. 1629. 4to. 
Alpin. Exot. 1312. Id. De Plantis Exoticis, libri duo. Venetiis/1629. 4to. 
Am. Acad. 1706. Amoenitates Academicae seu Dissertationes variae Physicse, &c. By Linnaeus and 

his Pupils. Erlangen, 1790. 10 vols. 
Amoenitates Exoticce. 2105. See Kccmpfer's, 8(C. 
Amccn. Quer. 1741. See Amoenitates Quernear. 
Amoenitates Qucrnea. 1722. By the late Professor Burnet, published in Nos. 5. and 6. of Burgess's 

Eidodendron. 1833. folio. 
American Gardener's Magazine. 1357. The American Gardener's Magazine and Register of all 

useful Discoveries and Improvements in Horticulture and Rural Affairs. Conducted by C. M. 

Hovey and P. B. Hovey, jun. Boston. Begun 1835, and continued in monthly Nos. 8vo. 
American Museum. 288. The American Museum, a Repository of Fugitive Pieces in Verse and 

Prose. Philadelphia, 17901792. 8vo. 

American Ornithology. 8H. By Alexander Wilson. Lond. 1832. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Amer. Lye. N. H. of New York. 704. Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York. 

New York, 1824, and continued. 8vo. 
American Sylva. 189. An English translation of Michaux's Histoire des Arbres Forestiers de 

1'Am^rique Septentrionale. Paris, 1817. 
Amm. Ruth. 631. See Ammann' s Stirp. Ruth. 
Ammann Stirp. Ruth. 683. Ammann (Johan.), Stirpium rariorum in Imperio Rutheno sponte pro- 

venientium Icones et Descriptiones. Petrop. 1739. 4to. 

Amulet. 1830. An annual publication, edited by S. C. Hall. Lond. 1830. 12mo. 
Anales de las dene. Nat. 1942. See Anales de las Ciencias Naturales. 

Anales de las Ciencias Naturales. 1945. Madrid, 17981804. 7 vols. En la Imprenta Real. 
An Autumn near the Rhine. 2115. Lond. 8vo. 

Anderson MS. 1552. Geo. Anderson, Esq., Tooley Street and North Mimms, Herts. 
Andr. Bot. Rep. 240. The Botanist's Repository for New and Rare Plants. By H. C. Andrews. 

Lond. 1797, et seq. 10 vols. 4to. 
Andr. Heaths. 1081. Coloured Engravings of Heaths, with botanical descriptions. Id. Lond. 

18021809. 3 vols. fol. 

An. Hort. Soc. Par. 278. See Annales de la Societi d'Hort., $c. 
Anleit. die Baume und Strauche Oesterreichs, S(C. 2201. Gemeinfassliche Anleitung die Baume und 

Strauche Oesterreichs aus den Blattern zu erkennen. Von Franz Hoss. Vienna, 1830. 12mo. 
Annales de Chimie. 1459. Annales de Chimie et de Physique. Par MM. Gay-Lussac et Arago. 

Commenced in 1816. 8vo. 

Ann. d'Hort. 2403. See Annales de la Societe d' Horticulture de Paris. 
Annales d'Hort. de Paris. 138. See Annales de la Societe d" Horticulture de Paris. 
Annales de la Socittt d' Horticulture de Paris. 143. In monthly Nos. 8vo. 1827, and continued ; 

amounting, in 1837, to 21 vols. 8vo. 

Annales de Fromont. 1359. Annales Horticoles de Fromont. Paris. In monthly Nos. 8vo. Com- 
menced in 1829. 

Annales de I'lnstitut de Fromont. 140. See Annales de Fromont. 
Annales de la Soc. Entomol. de France. 1818. Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France. 

Commenced in 1832. 8vo. 
Annales du Muste. 2485. Annales du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle. Paris. 8vo. Begun in 

1802, and continued. 

Annales du Musfum. 135. See Annales du Muse"e. 
Annalcs du Musi-urn de Paris. 2104. See Annales du Mute"e. 
Annales Fores/tires. 1397. Annales Forestieres ; faisant suite au Memorial Forestier. Paris. Begun 

in 1808, and continued. 8vo. 

Annals of the Museum. 2104. See Annales du Muste. 
Ann. du. Mus. d'Hist. Nat. de Paris. 424. See Annales du Muste. 
Ann. Lye. 661 . See Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York. 
Ann. of Bot. 1534. Annals of Botany. By C. Kdnig and J. Sims. Lond. 1805, 1806. 2 

vols. 8vo. 

Ann. Sc. Nat. 714. See Annales des Sciences, S(C. 

An Olde Thrifte newly revived, S<c. 836. A black letter tract, published in 1612. 
Anthoine's (M. f) Cynipologie du Chine rouge, in the Nouv. Journ. de Physique. .1823L See Nauv. 

Journ., Sfc. 
Antiquary, 2021. One of Sir Walter Scott's Novels. 



CXC11 LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Antiquities of the Common People. 511. Bourne's (H.) Antiquitatcs Vulgares, or Antiquities of the 

Common People. Newcastle, 1725. 8vo. 
Ant. of the Jews. 528. Hydriotaphia, &c., together with the Garden of Cyrus, or Quincuncial, 

Lozenge, or Network Plantation, of the Ancients, artificially, naturally, and mystically considered. 

By Sir Thomas Browne, M.D. Loud. 1684. 8vo. 
A Peasant's Voice to Landowners, on the best Means of benefiting Agricultural Labourers, fyc. 1388. 

By Mr. John Denson, sen. Cambridge and Lond. 1830. 8vo. 

Apollonius Rhodius. 1725. Apollonii Rhodii Argonautica. 1st ed. Florent. 14961498. 4to. 
Appendix to Captain Franklin's Tour to the North Pole. 2311. By Dr. Richardson and J. Sabine, 

Esq. Lond. 1823. 4to. 
Archaologia. 23. Archaeologia ; or, Miscellaneous Tracts relating to Antiquity. Lond. 17791824. 

20 vols. 4to. 

Archeeol. Attic. 1724. Rous (F.), Archaeologife Atticae Libri vii. Oxon. 1637. 4to. 
Archery Revived. 2084. See Shotterel and Durfey's Archery, $c. 
Archives annuelles de la Normandie. 1774. Caen, 1824. 
Arch. Mag. 23. The Architectural Magazine, &c. Conducted by J. C. Loudon, F.L.S., &c. Lond. 

1834. In monthly Nos. 8vo, continued. 
Ard. Mem. 533. Pietro Arduini, Memoria di Osservazioni edi Sperienze sopra la Coltura e gli Usi di 

varie Piante. Padova, 1776. 4to. 

Arnot's Hist, of Edin. 95. Arnot's History of Edinburgh. Edi n. 1779. 4to. 
Asmolean Appendix to Ray's Historia Insectorum. 1480. See Ray. 
Asiat. Research. 1930. Asiatic Researches ; or. Transactions of the Society instituted in Bengal, for 

enquiring into the History, the Antiquities, the Arts and Sciences, and Literature of Asia. 

Calcutta, 1788, continued. 
As. Jour. 2111. The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British and Foreign India, China, 

and Australia. In monthly Nos. 8vo 
Asso Ar. 587. See Asso Syn. Arr. 
Asso Syn. Arr. 534. Ignatius De Asso, Synopsis Stirpium indigenarum Arragonia?. Marsiliae, 

1779. 4to. 

Athenceum. 1774. A weekly publication, on Literature and Art. Lond. 
A Topographical and Historical Description of Suffolk. 1770. 1829. 
A Treatise on the Common Acacia. 614. Bordeaux, 1763. Pamph. 

Auctuarium ad Floram Pedemontanam. 973. Carolus Allioni. Taurini, 1789. 8vo. 1 fasc. 
Audubon's Birds of America. 1729. The Birds of America, &c., from Drawings made during a 

Residence of Twenty-five Years in the United States and its Territories. By J. J. Audubon. 

1828, &c. Atlas folio. 



Bailey'* Survey of Durham. 2320. See Agricultural Report for the County of Durham. 
Balb. Cat. Taur. 690. Balbis (J. B.), Catalog! Horti Botanici Taurinensis, 18051813. 8vo. 



Banist. Cat. Stirp. Virg. 1864. Herbarium Virginianum; or, an Account of such Plants as J. 

Banister sent the Designs of to the Bishop of London published in James Petiver's Memoirs 

for the Curious. 1767 . 

Banks. Herb. 1149. The Banksian Herbarium, now in the British Museum. 
Banks Icon. Kannpf. 1260. Joseph us Banks, Icones selectae Plantarum quas in Japonia collegit et 

delineavit E. Kaempfer. Lond. 1791. Fol. 
Barrel. Icon. 322. See Barrelier Plants, 8fc. 
Barrelier Observatee, #c. 2402. See Barrelier Plantce, Sgc. 
Barrelier Plantte per Galliano, S[C. 2402. Plantae per Galliam Hispaniam et Italiam observata?. 

By Jacob Barrelier. Paris, 1714. Fol. 

Bart. Fl. Vir. 503. Barton (W. P. C.), A Flora of North America. Philadelphia, 1831. 8vo. 
Bart. Ord. Nat. 2509. Bartling (F. T.), Ordines Naturales Plantarum, eorumque Characteres et 

Affinitates : adjecta Generumque Enumerations. Getting. 1830. 8vo. 

Bartram's Travels. 277. Travels through South and North Carolina. By William Bartram. Phi- 
ladelphia, 1791. 1 vol. 8vo. 
Bartram Trav., ed Germ. 995. William Bartram's Riesen durch Nord- und Sud-Carolina, aus dem 

Englischen von E. A. W. Zimmermann. Berol. 1793. 8vo. 
Bast. Ess. 768. Kssai sur la Flore du Departement de Maine et Loire. By T. Bastard, or Batard. 

Angers, 1809. 12mo. 
Bast. Supp. 768. See Batard Suppl. 
Batard Suppl. 763. Supplement a 1'Essai sur la Flore du DSpartement de Maine et Loire. Id. 

Angers, 1812. 1 fasc., 12mo. 
Bat. Fl. Main. 767. See Bast. Ess. 
Bat. Fl. Main, et Loire Suppl. 772 See Batard Suppl. 
Bath Soc. Pap. 840. See Bath Society's Transactions. 
Bath Soc. Papers. 1641. See Bath Society's Transactions. 
Bath Agricultural Society's Papers. 1550. See Bath Society's Transactions. 
Bath Society's Transactions. 2381. Letters and Papers of the Bath Agricultural Society, &c. Bath, 

1792, continued. 8vo. 15 vols. to 1838. 
Batsch. Cont. 2148. Elenchus Fungorum. By A. J. G. C. Batsch. Hala3. 3 fasc. j, 1783 ; ii, 1786; 

iii, 1789 4to. 
Baudrill. Traiti, &c. 421. Baudrillart, one of the authors of Traite General des Eaux et Forets, 

Chasses, et Peches. Paris, 1825. 5 rols. 4to. 
Bauh. (J.) Hist. 546. Historia Plantarum universalis. By J. Bauhin. Ebroduni. 1650, 1651. 

3 vols. folio. 
Bauh. Pin. 297. Pinax Theatri Botanici. By C. Bauhin. Basileaa. Ed. 1., 1623 j ed. 2., 

1671. 4to. 
Baum. Cat. 675. Catalog! Horti Bollwylleriani. By the brothers Baumann. 1810 1814. Baumann's 

Catalogue for 1838 forms an article in an Appendix to this Arboretum. 
Baxt. Brit. Fl. Pi. 829. British PhaEnogamous Botany; or, Figures and Descriptions of the Genera of 

British Flowering Plants. By W. Baxter, A.L.S., Curator of the Oxford Botanic Garden. 

Oxford. In monthly Nos. 8vo. 3 vols. published in 1837. 
Beauties of England, Dorsetshire. 36. See Beauties of England and Wales. 
Beauties of England, Kent. 24. See Beauties of England and Wales. 
Beauties of England and Wales, Shropshire. 1768. The Beauties of England and Wales; or, Deline- 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CXC111 

ations, Topographical, Historical, and Descriptive, of each County. By John Britton, F.S.A. 

&c., and E. M. Brayley. Lond. Begun in 1801, and a volume published yearly. 8vo. 
Bechst. Forstb. 767. Bechstein (J. M.), Forstbotanik, &c. Gotha, 1821. 8vo. 
Sechstein et Scharffenburg Forst. Ins. 1818. Bechstein and Scharfenburg, Vollstandige Naturge- 

schichte der Schadligen Forst Insecten. Leipsig, 1805. 2 vols. 4to. 
Beckman's Hist. 4di. See Beckman's History oj Inventions. 
Beckman's Hist, of Invent. 1914. History of Inventions of Discoveries. By John Beckman. 

Translated by Johnson. Lond. 1797. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Bedf. Hort. Eric. Woburn. 1079. See Hort. Eric. \Vobum. 
Beech. Voy. Pt. Bot. 1057. Voyage to the Pacific and Behring's Straits, to cooperate with the Polar 

Expeditions in 18251828. Lond. 1831. In 2 parts. 4to. 
Bclknap's History of New Hampshire. 2282. Belknap (Jeremy), Description of the White 

Mountains in New Hampshire, in Transact, of the Amer. Phil. Soc., vol. ii. Philadelphia, 

1786. 4to. 

Bell. App. Ft. Pedem. 739. See BellardiApp. ad Ft. Fed. 

Bellardi App. ad Fl. Ped. 1555. Appendix ad Floram Pedemontanam. 1790 and 1791. 8vo. 
Bell. Contfer. 2274. De Arboribus Coniferis resiniferis aliisque sempiterna fronde virentibus. By 

Pierre Belon, or Bellon. Paris, 1553. 4to. 
BeU. Gall. 1725. Caesar (Julius), Commentaria de Bello Gallico. 

BcUon. Obs. 2495. Bellonii Observationes in Clusii exoticarum Libri x. 1605. Fol. pi. 237. 
Berg. PI. Cap. 1080. Descriptions Plantarum ex Capite Bonse Spei. By P. J. Bergius. Stock. 

holm, 1767. 8vo. 
Berk. Eng. Fl. 1976. Volume V. Part II. of Smith's English Flora. By the Rev. M. J. Berkeley, 

M.A. Lond. 1836. 8vo. 
Berl. MSS. 972. Berlandier MSS. 
Berlinische Baumzucht. 190. Berlinische Baumzucht, oder Beschreibung der in Kb'niglichen Bo- 

tanischen Garten bei Berlin im Freien ausdauernden Baume und Strauchen, &c. Von Carl Lud- 

wig Willdenow. Berlin, 1811. 8vo. 
Bert. PI. 583. See Bertol. PL Gen. 
Bertol. PI. Gen. 599. Plantae Genuenses quas annis 1802, 1803 observavit et recensuit. By A. 

Bertoloni. Genua;, 1804. 8vo. 

Bertoloni's Flora Italica. 164. Bertolonii (A.) Flora Italica. Bononia?, 18331835. 8va 
Besl. Eyst. 1209. See Besl. Hort. Eyst. 

Bed. Hort. Eyst. Vern. Orrf.754. Hortus Eystettensis. ByBasilius Besler. Nuremberg, 1612. 2 vols. fol. 
Bess. Cat. Hort. Crem. 766. Catalogus Horti Botanici Wolhyniensis CremenicL 18111816. 8vo. 
Besser En. Pi. Volhyn. 1587. See Besser Enum. PI. Volh., SfC. 
Besser Enum. Cont. 584. See Besser Enum. PI. Pod., Sec. 
Besser Enum PI. Pod., $c. 728. See Besser Enum. PI. Volh. 
Bess. Enum. Pi. Volh. 631. Enumeratio Plantarum Volhynia*, Podolia?, &c. By W. J. J. Besser. 

Vilna?, 1822. 8vo. 

Bess. Galic. 1598. See Bess. Prim. Fl. Gal. 

Bess. Prim. Fl. Gal. 768. Priraitiae Flora? Galiciae. Id. Vienna, 1809. 2 vols. 12mo. 
Biblia Pauperum. 13S6. A very curious work, published between 14SO and 1450, with 40 woodcuts, 

illustrated by texts of Scripture. 

Bibliotheca Gcoponica. 187. A posthumous work of the late Mr. Forsyth, not yet published. 
Bibliotheque Physico-economique. 2408. Bibliotheque Physico-E'conomique, Instructive, et Amu- 

sante. 1794. 

Bibl. Univ. 2094. See Bibliotheque Universelle de Geneve. 
Bibl. Univ. de Geneve. 2380. See Bibliotheque Universelle de Geneve. 
Bibliot/ieque Universelle de Geneve. 162. Geneva, 8vo. 
Bieb. Casp. 1289. Beschreibung der Lander zwischen den Flussen Terek und Kur am Caipischen 

Meere. By L. B. F. Marschall de Bieberstein. Frankfurt am Mayn, 1800. 8vo. 
Bieb. Cent. Pi. Rar. 1058. Centuria Plantarum rariorum Rossis meridionalis, prajsertim Taurise et 

Caucasi. Id. Charkov. 1810. fol. 
Bieb. Fl. Taur.-Cauc. 339. Flora Taurico-Caucasica, exhibens stirpes pheenogamas in Chersoneso- 

Taurica et Regionibus Caucasicis sponte crescentes. Id. Charkov. 1808 1819. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Bieb. Fl. Taur. Suppl. 499. See Bieb. Supp. 

Bieb. Supp. 661. Flora Taurico-Caucasica. Vol. III., seu Supplement urn. Id. Charkov. 1819. 8vo. 
Bigelow's Account of the Plants of Boston and its Vicinity. 1650. 1824. 
Bigelow's Amer. Bot. 1019. American Medical Botany. By J. Bigelow. Boston, 18171821. 

8vo. 

Bigel. Fl. Bost. 974. Florula Bostoniensis. Id. Boston, 1814. 8vo. 
Bigel. Med. Bot. 1017. See Bigelow' 's Amer. Bot. 
Bigelow' Med. Bot. 268. See BigelovS's Amer. Bot. 
Big. Med. Bot. .552. See Bigelow's Amer. Bot. 
Birkbeck's Notes, 8<c. 1867. Morris Birkbeck's Notes on a Journey in America, from the Coast of 

Virginia to the Territory of Illinois. London, 1819. 8vo. 
Biv. St. Sic. Mant. 582. Stirpium rariorum in SicUia provenientium Manip. Panorm. 18131816. 

4 vols. 8vo. 
Black. Herb. 314. A curious Herbal ; containing 600 Cuts of the Useful Plants. By Elizabeth 

Blackwell. London, 1737. 2 vols. foL 
Black. Icon. 506. See Black. Herb. 
Blomfield's Norfolk. 33. Essay towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk, by the 

Rev. F. Blomfield. 17991810. 11 vols. 8vo. 

Bluff, et Fine. Fl. Germ. 1540. Bluff et Fingerhuth's Florae Germanise. Norimb. 1825. 12mo. 
Blum. Bijdr. 869. See Blume Bijdr. Fl. Ind. 
Blum. Bijdr. Fl. Ind. 295. Bijdragen tot de Flora van nederlandsche Indie. By C. L. Blume. 

Batavia, 1825, 1826. 
Blume Fl. Jav. 1936. Floras Javaj et Insularum adjacentiura. By C. L. Blume and J. B. Fische*. 

Bruxellis, 1828. Fol. 
Bobart's Hist. PI. Oron. 53. Catalogus Horti Botanici Oxoniensis, &c. By D. Bobart and W. 

Broune, A.M. Oxonii, 1658. 16mo. 
Bocc. Muss. 545. Museo di Piante rare della Sicilia, Malta, Corsica, Italia, Piemonte, e German i*. 

By Panlo Boccone. Venetia, 1697. 4to. 
Bocc. Sic. 316, Icones et De&criptiones rariorum Plantarum Stciliae, Melita?, Gallias, et Italiae Id. 

Lojid. 1674. tto. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Boerh. Ind. Alt. 67. Index alter Plantarum quae in Horto Acad. Lugduno-Batavo aluntur. By H. 

Boerhaave. Lugd.Bat. 1720. 2 vols. 4to. 
Boerh. Lugd. 469. Index Plantarum qua? in Horto Acad. Lugduno-Batavo reperiuntur. Id. Lugd. 

Bat. 1710. 4to. 

Bollwuller Catalogue. 742. See Baum. Cat. 
Bolt. Fun. 1833. An History of Funguses growing about Halifax. By James Bolton. Huddersfield, 

1788, 1789. 3 pts. Append. 1791. 4to. 

Bonafous's Memoire sur une Education de Vers a Soie, 8<c. 1358, Paris. 
Bonoeil on Mulberries. 1353. Bonoeil (John), A Treatise on the Art of making Silk : together with 

Instructions how to plant Vines. London, 1609. 4to. 
Bon Jard. 243. Le Bon Jardiner, contenant les Principes generaux de Culture, &c. Paris, 12mo. 

A volume yearly. 
Bonninghausen Fl. Monaster. 1551. Bonninghausen (C. M. F.), Prodromus Florae Monasteriensis. 

Westphalorum. Monast. 1824. 8vo. 
Bonpl. Malmaison. 262. See Bonpl. PL Rar. 
Bonpl. PI. Rar. 251. Description des Plantes rares cultivees a Malmaison et & Navarre. By A. 

Bonpland. Paris, 18131816. Fol. 
Bon Sens. 19 (1 6. A French periodical. 
Book of Trades. 1336. Frankfort, Ifi54. 
Bork. Holx. 754. Beschreibung der in den Hessen-Darmstadtischen Landen im Freien wachsenden 

Holzarten. By M. B. Borkhausen. Francf. Main, 1790. 8vo. 
Bosc Act. Soc. Hist. Nat. Par. 955. Actes de la Societe d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Paris, 

1792. Fol. 
Bosc Diet. d'Agric. 732. Nouveau Cours complet d'Agrculture theorique et pratique. New 

edition. Paris, 18211823. 16 vols. 8vo. 
Bosc Mem. sur les Chenes. 1847. Memoires sur les differentes especes de Chenes qui croissent en 

France. By L. Bosc. Paris, 1808. 4to. 

Botanicum Monspeliense. 2GO. Botantcon Monspeliense. By P. Magnol. Monspelii, 1686. 12mo. 
Botanist. 1172. The Botanist. Conducted by B. Maund, Esq., F.L.S., assisted by Professor Hen- 
slow. In monthly Nos. 8vo. 

Botaniste Cultivateur ; or Description, Culture, and Use of the greatest Part of the Plants, Foreign 
and Indigenous, which are cultivated in France and England, according to the Method ofJussieu, 
143. By Dumont De Courset. Paris, 1802, 5 vols. 8vo. j ed. 2. Paris, 1811, 6 vols. 8vo. 
Supplement on vol. vii. 1814. 

Botanologia Universalis Hibcrnica. 107. By J. Koch, A.B. Corke, 1735. 4to. 
Bot. Arrangem. 700. A Botanical Arrangement of all the Vegetables naturally growing in Great 
Britain, &c. By \V. Withering. Birmingham, 1776, 2 vols. 8vo. j 3d eel. greatly enlarged, 
Ixmd. 179o, 4 vols. 8vo. 
Bot. Cab. 359. See Lodd. Bot. Cab. 
Bot. Cult 1497. See Botaniste Cultivateur. 
Bot. Gnrd. 254. See Mound's not. Gard. 
Bot. Mag. 38. See Curt. Bot. Mag. 
Bot. Reg. 250. Edwards's Botanical Register. Lond. 8vo. Begun in 1815, and continued monthly. 

Conducted now by Dr. Lindley. 
Bot. Rep. 239. See Andr. Bot. Rep. 

Bouchi. Naturgeschichte der Schadlichen und Nutzlichen Garten Insecten. Berlin, 1853. 12mo. 
Boutcher's Treatise on raising Forest Trees. 105. id<nb. 1775. 4to. 
Bowack's Account of the Parish of Kensington. 47. 1705. 

Boyceau's Jardinage, $c. 1338. J. Boyceau, Traite du Jardinage, &c. Paris, 1714. Fol. 
Bradlry's New Improvements of Planting and Gardening. 98. Lond. 1718. 8vo. 
Bradley' s Treat, on Husbandry and Gardening. 98. A Treatise on Husbandry and Gardening, &c. 

By Richard Bradley, F.R.S. Lond. 1721. 8vo. 
Bramham Park. 2009. A poem by Fawkes. 

Brande's Journ. 124. A Journal of Travels in Peru,' &c. By C. Brande. Lond. 8vo. 
Brand's Popular Antiquities. 900. Brand's (Rev. J.), Observations on Popular Antiquities. New- 
castle, 1777- 8vo. 

Bray's (Mrs.) Borders of the Tamar and the Tavy. 900. Description of the Part of Devonshire bor- 
dering on the Tainar and Tavy ; its Nat. Hist , &c. London, 1836. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Brewster's Edin. Journ. 1'24. See Ed. Phil. Journ. 

Breyn. Cent. 661. F.xoticarum Plantarum Centuria, By Jacobus Breynius. Gedani, 1678. Fol. 
Breyn. Icon. 1259. Icones rariorum Plantarum, conjunctim cum priori a J. Ph. Breynio edits. 

1789. 4to. 
Breyn. Obs. 2274. Prodromus Fasciculi rariorum Plantarum in Hortis Hollandise observatarum. 

hy Jacobus Breynius. Gedani, vol. i. Jfi80; vol. ii. 1689. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Brig/it's Travels in Hungary. 369. Dr, Bright's Travels from Vienna, through Lower Hungary, in 

1815, dinb. 1818. 4to. 
Brit Ent. 18! 6. See Curtis Brit. Ent. 

Brit. Fungi. 2147. Consisting of dried Specimens of the Species described in Vol. V. Pt. II. of the 
English Flora, together with such as may hereafter be discovered indigenous to Britain. By the 
Rev. M J. Berkeley, A.M. Lond. 1836. Fasc. 1. and 2. 
Britton's Wiltshire. 128. Wiltshire. See Beauties of England. 

Brii. Topog. 3<>. Gough (R.), Anecdotes of British Topography; or, an Historical Account of what 
has been done for illustrating the Topographical Antiquities of Great Britain and Ireland 
London, 1768. 4to. 

Bromel. Chi. Guth. 1706. Chloris Gothica. By Olaus Bromelius. Gothoburgi, 1694. 8vo. 
Brong. Mem. Rham. 524. Memoire sur la Famille des Rhamn<?es ; ou Histoire Naturelle et 
Mfcdicale des Genres qui composent ce Group de Plantes. Par Adolphe Brongniart. Tarig, 
1826. 4to. 

Brot. Flor. Lus. 242. See Brotero's Flora Lusitanica. 
Brotero's Fl. Lus. 192fi. See Brotero'a Flora Lttsitanica. 
Brotero's Flora Lusitanica. 164. Olissipona?, 1804. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Brot. Phyt. 580. Phytographia Lusitaniae selectior. By Felix Avellar Brotero. Olissiponse, 

1801. Fol. 

Brown's Edit, of White's Selborne. 1578. White's Natural History of Selborne, and Observations on 
various Parts of Nature; with the Naturalist's Calendar, and note*, by Capt Thomas Brown 
F.L.a London, 1833. 8vo. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO 



CXCV 



Brown Prod. 1307. Prodromus Floras Nova; Hollandiae et I nsulae Van Diemen. By Robert Brown. 

land. 1810. 8vo. 
Browne's Jam. ll'jfj. The Civil and Natural History of Jamaica. By Patrick Browne. Lond. 1756. 

Fol. Kd. ''. 17 vi. 

Brug. r,, u . 2410. Brujiuie're (J. G.), Voyages dans 1'Empire Ottoman. Paris. 3 vols. 4to. 
BiUovl Namek. 79-2. A curious fragment, by the Persian poet Attar. 
Bulletin des Sconces. 1999. 
Bulletin des Sciences tie la Sucin'ti: Philomatique. 2104. Bulletin des Sciences, par la Socie"t Philo- 

matiqueiie Paris. Paris, from 1791. 
Bull, de la Sic d'A.du J), : /ui>t tie VHernult. 2095. Bulletins de la Socifete d' Agriculture du 

Di'partemi'nt de 1'Heraulr, s.'antc a Montpc-lier. Montpelier, 1803 1813. 8vo. 
Bulletin Universcl. 1133. Bulletin Universe! lies Sciences et cle ('Industrie. Paris, 1825. 24 vols. 

8vo. 

Bull. Fl. Par. ]fiR2. Flora Parisiensis. By Bulliard. Paris, 177(11780. 5 vols. 8vo. 
Bull. Fr. 3 LI. Herbior de la France. Id." 1780, et seq. Fol. pL 600. 
B><1>. Herh. .-,si. s,.,. Hull. /-,-. 
BuUianTt Hist. des Chump, de France. 197.3. Histoire des Champignons de la France. Id. Paris, 

17"8. Fol. 

Bull Set. 587. SPC Bulletin des Sciences, %c. 

Bunge .Mem. Acad. Scien. Petersh. I93;>. Dr. Bunge in Mem., &c. See M^m. Acad. Scien., ftc. 
amnge't List of Hunts f the North of China. 4,;2. Enumeratio Plantarum quas in China boreali 

collogit Dr. A I. Bunge. 1831. Published in the Mem. Acad. Scien. Petersb., &c., 1833. 
Bttrgeu't Eidodcndron. 1722. Burgess's (H. W.), Eidodendron. Views of the General Character 

and Appearance ot Trees, Foreign and Indigenous. Lond. 1827. Folio. 
Burgxd. AnL-it 1657. Burfjsdorf vF.A L.\ Anleitung zur sichern F.rzichung und zweckmassigen 

Anpflansung der einhenniscruMi und fremden Holzarten uelche in Deutschland und unter 

hnlichen Klinia im freien Cortkommen. 1795. 2 vol>. 8vo. 
Burmeisfer Handb. tier Ent. 1862. Burmeister (Dr. H.), Manual of Entomology. Translated from 

the German l.y W. E. Shuckard. London, 183S. 8vo. 

Burnt. Fl. Inri. flOa N L. Burmann's Flora Indica. Lugd. Bat. 1768. 4to. 
Burin. Prod. 2059. See Burin. Pi. Ind. 
Burnt. ILir. Plant. Afr. 504. Rariorum Africanarum Plantarum Decades 10. By J. Burmann. 

Amsterdam!, 17^8, 1739. 4to. 

Burnett's Anicen. Quer. 1837. See Amcenitates Qnerne<e. 

Burnett's iHtntgural Address l/> the Medico- B tunica! Society. 1459. Lond. 1S31. 
Burton's Monast. 2)7,5. Burton, J., Monasticon Eboracense : and the Ecclesiastical History of 

Yorkshire. York, 1758. Fol o. 
Buxb Cent. 319. J. C. Buxbaum, Plantarum minus cognitarum Centu-ia quinque. Petropoli, 

17281741). 5 vols. 4to. 
Buxb. Hal. 1397. Id., Enumeratio Plantarum in Agro Hallense crcscentium. Halae, 1721. 8vo. 



C. 

Cesar's Commentaries. 21. 

Calendarium Hortense. 44. ; or Gardener's Almanack. By John Evelyn. Lond. 1664, 1669, 1676, 

17^6. 8vo. 

Cnmb. Ann. Sci. Nat. 722. See Cambessedcs A/on. Spir., $c. 
Camb. Bal. 1046. Ennmeratio Plantarnm quas in InMtlas Balearibus collegit J. Cambessedeg. 

Published in the Memoires du Museum, torn. xiv. 1827. 
Cambessedes Mon. Sj>fr. in Ann. Sci. Nat. 72. Cambesscdes's Monograph of the Spiraeas, in the Annales 

des Sciences Naturelles, torn. 1. 

Cannlt-n's Account of the New Forest. 17^1. See Camden's Britannia. 
Cawden's Britannia. 1391. Britannia, sive florcnti<simoruin Kejinorum Anglia?, &c., Chorographica 

Descriptio Lond. lfi()7. Fol. Translated by Edward Gibson. 172-2. 2 vols. fol. 
Camden's Life of Queen Elizabeth. 948. Camden's (W.), Life of Queen Elizabeth. Oxford, 1717. 

5 vols. 8vo. 

Cam. Epit. 1010. Joachim Camerarius, De Plantis Epitome utilissima. Francof. Masn. 1586. 4to. 
Came/lie^ Britannicce. 386'. See Chandl. Cam. Brit. 

C'tiwer. Hort. 2063. Horius Medicus et Philosophicus. Id. Franc. Man. 1588. 4to. 
Carrinafon's Dartmoor. 17.">7. A poem. 8vo. 
Ctute&'t Trait* sur lc Miirier blnnc. 1538. Paris. 

Catal. of Brit. Plants. 729. Catalogue of British Plants. By Professor Henslow. 8vo. pamph. 
Catalogue of the Lei/den Garden. Boerhaave (H.), Index Plantarum qua? in Horto Acad. Lugd.-Bat. 

repcrinntur. Lu^d. Bat. 1710. 8vo. 
Catal. of Tradescnnt's Musenm. Museum Tradescantianum ; or a Collection of Rarities preserved at 

South Lambeth. By John Tradescant 1656. 12mo 
Catal. of Trees atid Shrub*, both Exotic and Domestic, which are propagated for Sale in the Gardens 

near London. f.O. By the Society of Gardeners. London, 1730. Fol. 

Catalogue. 44. Catalogue of Plants observed in North America. By John Banister. 1680. 
Catatogits P.antannn rariorum Anglia: et Insularum aajacentium, 1001. By John Ray. Lond. 1670. 

Kd. 'J. 1677. 8vo. 
Catesb. Carol. 297. Catesby's Natural History of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands. Lond. 

1741_1743. 2 vol*. folio. 
Cat. Hort. Vindob. 674. See Jacq. Hort. Vin. 
Can. Anal. 579. See Anales de las Ciencias Naturales. 
Cav. Diss 561. A. J. Cavanilles, Monadelphiae Classis Dissertationes Decem. Matrit. 1790. 4to. 

pi. 297. 
Cav. Ic. 31-2. Id., Icones et Descriptiones Plantarum quae aut sponte in Hispania crescunt, aut in 

Hortis hospitantur. Matrit. 17^1 1S01. 6 vols. fol. pi. 601. 
Celtic Researches and Jnq-iiry into the Mythology of the Druids. 1753. 
Chub. Scu/g. 5Sti. Dominicus Chabrey, Omnium Stiriiium Scugraphia. Coliniaa Allobrogum^ 

1666 Ed. 2. 1677. Fol. 

Chambers^ (Sir IV.) Dissertations on Oriental Gardening. 80. Lond. 1774. 4to. 
Chandl. Cam. Brit. 387. See Chaudl. Ill, 
Chandl. III. 382. Illustrations by Alfred Chandler, and Descriptions by W. Beattie Booth, of th 

Camelliea?. Lond. 1831. Imp. 4ta 



CXCVI LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

CkarlwoocTt Catalogue. 1316. A Catalogue, by George Charlwood, Nursery and Seedsman, CovenN 

Garden. Published yearly. 
Childe Harold. 1917. A poem by Lord Byron. 
Choit. Prod. Hyp. 398. J. D. Choisy, Prodromus d'une Monographic des Hypericinees. Geneva, 

1821. 4to. 
Choul. De var. Quer. Hist. 1721. Job. Du Choul, De varia Quercus Historia, accessil ^ilati Montis 

Descriptio. Lugduni, 1555. 8vo. 
Chron. Sax. 1747. See Saxon Chronicles. 
Church History of England. 1753. Dodd (C.), Church History of England, chiefly 'regarding the 

Roman Catholics in England, from 1737 to 1742. Brussels. 3 vols. folio. 

Churchill's Medical Botany. 555. Medical Botany ; or, Illustrations and Descriptions of the Medi- 
cinal Plants of the London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Pharmacopoeias. By J. Stephenson, M.D., 

&c., and James Morss Churchill, F.L.S. Lond. 1831. 4 vols. 8vo. 
Cider. 901. A poem by Phillips. 
Cittinete. 316. See Sivt. Cist. 

Civil and{Natural History of Chili. 2436. See Molina's History, SfC. 
Clayt. Flor. Virgin. 516. Gronovius (J. F.), Flora Virginica, exhibens Plantas quasIJ. Clayton in 

Virginia collegit. Lugduni Batavorum, 1743. 8vo. 
Clus. Hist. 323. See Clusjus's Rariorum Plantarum. 
Ctus. Pan. 1155. Carolus Clusius, Rariorum aliquot Stirpium per Pannoniam observ. Historia. 

1583. 8vo. 
Clusius's Rariorum Plantarum. 147. Id., Rariorum Plantarum Historia. Antverpiae, 1605. Fol. m 



Cobb's Manual of the Mulberry Tree, Sfc. Massachusetts. 
Cold. Noveb. 2059. Colden (C.), Plantae Coldenghamia 



in Provincia Noveboracensi Americas sponte 

crescentes ; in Act. Societ. Upsal. 1743. 
Colin Clout '* come Home again. 1684. A ballad by Spenser. 
Colla Hort. Rip. 473. See Colla Hort. Ripul. 

Colla Hort. Ripul. 868. Colla, Hortus Ripulensis. Turin, 18291837. 4to. 
Collection of Poems. 2022. Dublin, 1801. 
Colonies, Sfc. 2327. See The Colonies. 
Colum. Ic. 2519. Columnar (F.), Phytobasanos, sive Plantarum aliquot HUtoria, cum Annotationibus 

Jani Planci. Mediolani, 1774. 4to. 
Com. Diet. 316. See M'Cull. Diet. 
Com. Hort. 1074. See Comm. Hort. Amst. 

Comm. Goett. 1982. Commentarii Societatis regiae Goettingensis. 1751, 1754, 17691816. 4 vols. 4to. 
Comm. Hort. Amst. 398. Jon. Commelyn, Horti medici Amstelodamensis rariorum Plantarum De- 
scriptio et Icones Parsprima. Amstelod. 1697. Fol. Parsaltera. By Casp. Commelyn. 1703. FoL 
Comm. Pral. 2523. Casp. Commelyn, Praeludia botanica ad publicas Plantarum Demonstratione*. 

Lugd. Bat 1706. 4to. 

Commentaries. 189. See Casar's Commentaries. 

Commons' Complaint, wherein is contained Two special Grievances. 1751. By Arthur Standish. 1611. 
Communications to the Board of Agriculture. 2854. London, 1797 1819. 7 vols. 4to. New Series, 8vo. 
Comp. Sot. Mag. 1269. See Companion to the Botanical Magazine. 
Companion to the Botanical Magazine, 2249; being a Journal containing such interesting botanical 

Information as does not come within the prescribed Limits of the Magazine ; with occasional 

figures. By Sir W. J. Hooker. Lond. Begun in 1835. 
Compend. Fl. Ger. 1635. Bluff (M. J.) et Fingerhuth (C. A.), Compendium Floras Germanise. 

Norimb. 1825. 8vo. 

Compleat Husbandman. 1639. By S. Hartlib. London, 1559. 4ta 
Confcuto Amantis. 2017. An old poem by Gower. 

London 1777. 2 vols. 4to. 

2442. Cook's Second Voyage. London, 1784. 4to. 
listoria Plantarum, ed. a C. Gesnero. Argentorati, 1651. Folio. 
Coriolanus. 1724. By Shakspeare. 
Corn. Can. 1259. Jacob Cornuti, Canadensium Plantarum aliarumque nondum editarum Historia. 

Paris, 1636. 4to. 
Corsica. 1118. A poem by Mrs. Barbauld. 1769. 

' /. 1828. Munster (F.), La Cosmographie Universelle. Paris, 1552. Folio. 
37. Maitland's (W.) History of Edinburgh, from its Foundation to 



Coun. Rep. 87. Maitland's (W.) History of Edinburgh, from its Foundation to the present Time. 

Edinburgh, 1753. Folio. 
Court of Love. 839. A poem by Chaucer. 
Cowley on Plants. 1346. A poem. 
Cowper's Yardley Chase. 1785. A poem. 

Crantz Austr. 339. Henr. Joh. Nepom. Crantz, Stirpes Austriacas. 1762. 8vo. 
Croker,s Edition ofBosu'ell's Johnson. 1519. 
Cullen's Trans. Clav. 2051. C. Cullen's History of Mexico, translated from the Italian of Clavigero. 

London, 1787. 2 vols. 4to. 
Cullum's Hawsted. 33. History and Antiquities of Hawsted and Hardwick. By the Rev. Sir John 

Cullum, Bart 2d ed., with notes. Lond. 1813. 4to. 
Cultivateur Provencal. 2412. A periodical quoted in Loiseleur Deslongchamps's Histoire du Cfedre 

du Liban. 

Culture of Forests, Sfc. 1992. By Lieutenant-Colonel Emmerich. Lond. 1789. 8vo. 
Cupan. Pamph. 766. See Cup. Pamph. Sic. 

Cup Pamph. Sic. 587. Franciscus Cupani, Pamphytum Siculum, seu Historia Plantarum Sici- 
lian, fol. 
Curt. Sot. Mag. 241. The Botanical Magazine, &c. By W. Curtis ; continued by Dr. Sims ; and, 

since the death of Dr. Sims, by Sir W. J. Hooker. Lond. Begun in 1/87, and continued in 

monthly No*. 8vo. 

Curtis Brit. Ent. 2142. See Curtis's British Entomology. 
Curtis't British Entomology. 1484. British Entomology ; being Illustrations and Descriptions of 

the Genera of Insect* found in Great Britain and Ireland, &c. By J. Curtis, F.L.S., &c. 

Lond. 18241836. 13 vols. 8vo. 
Curt. PI. Lond. 343. See Curt. Lottd. 
Curt. Lond. 769. Flora Londinensis ; or, Plates and 'Descriptions of such Plants as grow wild in 

the Environ* of London, with their places of Growth, &c. By W. Curtis. Lond. 1777. 3 voU. 

foL pi. 432. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 



CXCV11 



D. 

Dalech. Hist. 1678. See Dalechamp's Hist. Plant. 

Dalechamp's Hist. Plant. 1845. Jacques Dalechamp's Historia generalis Plantarum. Lugd. 

1586, 1587. 2 vols. folio. 

Dalib. Paris. 1983. T. F. Dalibard, Flora; Parisiensis Prodromus. Paris, 1749. 12mo. 
Dandolo's Dell' Arte di governare i Bacchi da Seta. 1358. Milan. 
Davies's Welsh Bards. 899. Edw. Davies's Celtic Researches ; London, 1801, 8vo : and Edw. 

Davies's Kites of the British Druids; London, 1809, 8vo. 
Davies's Welsh Bot. 764. Welsh Botanology. By H. Davies. Lond. 1813. 8vo. 
Davis's (Dennis's} Landscapc-Gardener. 129. The Landscape- Gardener. By the Rev. Prebendary 

Dennis. London, 1836. 8vo. 
Davy's Agricultural Chemistry. 1521 Elements of Agricultural Chemistry. By Sir Humphry 

Davy. In a Course of Lectures for the Board of Agriculture. London, 1813. 4to. 
Dean's Croome Guide. 73. 8vo. 
De Arboribus Coniferis. 2407. See Bell. Conif. 
De Arboribus Contfcris Resinifcris, &c. 187. See Bell. Conif. 
De Arborum, Fruticum, et Herbarum, fyc. 187. Joann. Meursius, Arboretum Sacrum, sive de 

Arborum, Fruticum, et Herbarum Consecratione, Proprietate, &c. Lugd. Bat. 1642. 8vo, pL 10. 
Death of Acts. 2122. A poem by Barry Cornwall 
De Bell. Gall. 2069. Caesar (Julius), Commentaria de Bello Gallico. 
Dec. Astr. 635. Augustin Pyramus De Candolle, Astragalogia. Paris, 1802. 4to et foL 
Dec. Fl. Fr. 328. Id. et Lamarck, Flore Francaise. Paris, 18051815. 5 vols. 8vo. 
Dec. Fl. Fr. Suppl. 330. See Dec. Fl. Fr. 
Dec. Hort. Monsp. 472. See Dec. Cat. Hort. Monsp. 
Dec. Cat Hort. Monsp. 372. Id. , Catalogus Plantarum Horti Botanici Monsneliensis, addito Observa. 

tionum circa Species novas aut non satis cognitas Fascicule. Monsp. 1813. 8vo. 
Dec. Leg. Mtm. 563. Id., Memoire sur la Famille des Legumineuses. Paris, 1825. 4to. pi. 70. 
Dec. M4m. Soc. Gen. 503. De Candolle in Memoires de la Societe de Physique et Histoire Na- 

turelle de Geneve. 1821, and continued. 4to. 
Dec. M6m. ined. in Soc. Phys. Gen. 634. De Candolle's MSS. in the Memoires de la Soc. de Phys. 

et d'Hist. Nat. de Geneve. 

Dec. Phys. Veg. 675. See De Candolle's Physiologic Vegetate. 
De Candolle's Physiologic Vdgtiale, 162. ; ou Exposition des Forces et des Fonctions vitales des Ve"ge- 

taux. Id. Paris, 1832. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Dec. PI. rar. Jard. Gen. 2261. Id., Plantes rares du Jardin de Geneve. Genev. 18251827. 

4to, pi. 24. 
Dec. Prod. 233. Prodromus Systematis naturalis Regni Vegetabilis; seu Enumeratio methodica 

Ordinum, Generum, Specierumque Plantarum hucusque cognitarum, Paris, 18241830. 4 

vols. 8vo. 

Dec. Syst. 234. Id, Regni vegetabilis Systema naturale; sive Ordines, Genera, et Species Plan- 
tarum, secundum Methodi naturales Norinas digestarum et descriptarum. Paris, 1818 1821. 

2 thick vols. 8vo. 

De Chabrol's Statistiques de Savone, $c. 1984. 
De Fruct. et. Sem. Plant. 2103. J. Gaertner, De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum : continual, & 

C. F. Gaertner sub titulo " Carpologia." Leipsiaj, 3 vols. 4to. i., 1788 ; ii, 1/91 j iii, or Sup- 

plementum Carpologia?, 1805. 

De FAgric. du Gdtinais, $c. 2158. See De I' Agriculture du Gdtinais. 
De F Agriculture du Gdtinai's, #c. 2121. By M. A. Puvis. Paris, 1833. 8vo. 
Delamarre's Traite" Pratique de la Culture des Pins. 3149. Paris, 1834. 3d. ed. 
Delarb. Auvergn. 979. See Delarb. Fl. Auv. 
Delarb. Fl. Auv. 1053. Antoine de 1'Arbre. Flore d'Auvergne. Ed. 1., 1 voL 8vo, Clermont. 

Ferrand, 1795. Ed. 2., Riom et Clermont, 1800, 2 vols. 8vo. 
Delaun. Bon Jard. 755. See Bon Jard. 

Delauny Herb. Amat. 358. Delauny in Herbier de 1'Amateur, a French periodical. 
Deless. Icon. 297. See Deless. Icon. Sel. 

Deless. Icon. sel. 306. Benj. Delessert, Icones selectae Plantarum in System, univers. descripta- 
rum. Paris, 1820. 4to. 
Deleuze's Hist., $c. 136. History and Description of the Royal Museum of Natural History, &c. 

Translated by M. Deleuze. Paris, 1823. 8vo. 

Del. Fl. JEgypt. 334. Alir. Rafen. Delile, Floras ^Egyptiacae Illustratio. Paris, 1813. Fol. 
DelicitE Sylvarum, 1792 ; or, Grand and Romantic Forest Scenery in England and Scotland. Drawn 

from Nature, and etched by J. G. Strutt. Lond. Fol. 
Delile Descr. de I'E'gypte. 1289. A. R. Delile, Memoires botaniques, extraits de la Description de 

1'Egypte. Paris, 1813. Fol. 
Dello Influsso dei Boschi, SfC. 220. Dello Influsso del Boschi sullo Stato fisico del Paesi, e sulla 

Prosperita della Nazione. By G. Gautieri. Milan, 1817 8vo. 
Den Dcnkschrif. d. Regensb. Bot. Ges. 1635. Denkschriften der Koniglich-Baierischen Botanischen 

Gesellschaft in Regensburg. Regensburg, 1815, and continued. 4to. 
Dendrographia. 187. By John Johnston. Frankfort, 1662. Fol. 
Den. Brit. 235. See Dendrologia Britannica. 
Dendrologia Britannica, 188. ; or, Trees and Shrubs that will live in the open Air of Britain. By P. W. 

Watson. Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. pi. 172. 
Dendrologia Naturalii. 187. Ulysses Aldrovandus, Dendrologia Naturalis, Libri duo. Bononiae 

1667. Fol. 
Dendrology, 834. ; in which are Facts, Experiments, and Observations, demonstrating that Trees 

and Vegetables derive their Nutriment independently of the Earth, &c. By John Wallis, Timber 

Surveyor. Lond. 1833. 8vo. 
Derbyshire Report, 2023. General View of the Agriculture of Derbyshire. By John Farey, sen 

London, 1813. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Der Hausvater. 148. By Baron Otto Von Munchausen of Schwobbache, 1765. 
Der TrUfftebau. 1975. Der Triifflebau, oder Anweisung die schwarzen und weissen Triiffeln in Wal- 

dungen, Lustgebuschen, und Garten, durch Kunst zu ziehen, und grosse Anlagen daiu zu 

machen. Von Alexander Von Bornholz. Quedlinburg und Leipslg, 1825. 
De Re Rustica. 835. L. J. M. Colamella, De Re Rustica Libri duodecim. Paris, 1543. 8vo. 
De Salicibus Europais Commentatio. 1456. By G. D. J. Koch. Erlangen, 1828. 8vo. 
Description of the Scenery of the Lakes. 2374. By W. Wordsworth. 
Deterted ViUage. 839. A poem by Goldsmith. 



CXCV111 LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Dtsf. Act. Par. 526. Actes de la Societe d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Paris, 1792. Folio. 

Desf. Ann. Mas. 423. See Annales du Muste. 

Desf. Allan. 1917. See Desf. Fl. Atl. 

Di-'f. Ft. Atl. 316. H. L. Desfontaim-s, Flora Atlantica. Paris, 1798, 1799. 2 vols. 4to. 

Desf. Cor. 744. Id., Choix des Plantes du Cornllaire des In>titutsde Tournefort. Paris, 1808. 4to. 

Desf. Hist, ties Arbres et Arbriss. 1409 Id., Histoire des Arbres et Arbrisseaux qui peuvent etre 

cultives en pleine Terre sur le Sol de la, France. Paris, 1809. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Deaf. Cat. llort. Paris. 989. See Desf. Cutal. llort. P. 
Desf. Catal. Hort. P. 304. Id., Catalogs Plantarum Horti regii Parisiensis. Paris, 1829. Svo. 

3d ed. 

Desf. Hort. Par. 238. See Desf. Catal., $c. 

Desf. Hort. Par. et Arb. li>40. See Desf. Cntal, fyc., and Desf. Hist, des Arbres, %c. 
Desv. Journ. Bot. 155. Desvaux, Journal de Botanique. Paris, 1808 Ibl4. 5 vols. Svo. 
Dic/.s. Crypt. 1976. See Dicks. H. Sice. Fasc. 
Dicks. H. Sice. 1706. See Dicks. H. Sice. Fasc. 
Dicks. H. Sice. Fasc. 206(5. Plantarum crvutogamicarum Britannia Fasciculi quatuor. Lond. 1785 

-1801. 4to 

Diet. Clas. d'Hist. Nat. 1212. See Diet Classique d'Hist. Nat. 
Diet. Classique d'Hist. Nat. l.85. Dictionnaire Ctassique d'Histoire Naturelle, par MM. Audouin, 

Bourdon, Brongniart, Edwards, De Ferussac, Desprez, Flourens, Jussieu, Lucas, Richard, Bory 

De St. Vincent, &r. Paris, 18S>4 18SO. 17 vols. Xvo. 
Diet, des Eaux et des Forets. 654. See B.nidrillart Traits. 
Diet. Gen. des Eaux et Fwels. '236. See Baudrillurt Traile. 
Dictionnaire. n!2. See B luriril/art Traile. 

Dictionnaire General des Eaux et Forets. 564. See Bandrillnrt Traits. 
Diclionnaire des Sciences Naturelles. 2111. Public par les Professeurs du Jardin du Roi. Paris, 

18161829. 60 vols. Svo. 
Dictionnaire Encyclope'dique. 204. Lamarck (J. B.), Dictionnaire Methodique, Partie Botanique- 

Paris, 1789. vols. 4to. . 

Diet. Fl. Taur. 768. See Bleb. Fl. Taur.-Cai/c. 
Diet. Hiit. ct Cril. 1720. Dictiomiaire Historique ct Critique. Par P. Bayle. Rotterdam, 1697 . 

4 vols. fol. 

Diet. ofComm. 2113. See M'Culloch's Diet. ' 
Dictionary of Commerce, 13:55. See M'Cnlf. Diet. 
Dictionnaire Universel. 1989. Valmont de Bomare, Dictionnaire Raisonne TJniversel d'Histoire 

Naturelle. Lyons, 1791. Svo. 
Dietr. Lex. Suppl. 1050, Dietrichs (J. G.), Vollstandiges Lexicon der Gartnerey und Botanik, 

Weimar, 18U1. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Dill. Elth. 2.34. Job. Jac. Dillenius, Hortus Flthamensis. Lond. 1732. 2 vols. fol 
Dill. Mas. 1832. Id., Historia Muscorum. Ed. 1., Oxonii, 1741 ; ed. 2., London, 1763. 4to. 
Dissertation. 2104. In G. Forster's De Plantis Esculentis. Berlin, 1786. Svo. 
Dissertations on Oriental Gardening. 80. See Chambcrs's (Sir IV.) Dissertations, fyc. 
Dobeirs Travels. 1509. Travels in Kamtschatka and Siberia. Lond. 2 vols. small Svo. 
Dud. Pempt. 878. See Dodon. Pempt. 
Dodon. Pempt. 765. Rambertus Dodonaeus seu Dodoens, Stirpium Historize Pemptades Sex, sive 

Libri xxx. Antvcrpia?, !616. Fol. 

Domestic Gardener's Manual. 624. The Domestic Gardener's Manual. London, Svo. 
Don's Mill. 232. See Don's Miller's Dictionanj. 
Don's Miilcr's Dictionary 222. A general System of Gardening and Botany, &c., founded on 

Miller's Dictionary, and arranged according to the Natural System. By George Don, F.L.S. In 

4 vols. 4to. 3 vols. published in 1837. 
Don's Prod. 291.. See D. Don Prod. Nep. 

D. Don Prod. Ncp. 1100. David Don, Prodromus Flora Nepalensis. Lond. 1825. Small Svo. 
D. Don MSS. ISl'J. Professor Don MSS. 
Donald's Cat. 1202. A Catalogue of Trees and Shrubs contained in Robert Donald's Arboretum, at 

Goldworth Nursery, Woking, near Hipley, Surrey. Folio sheet. 
Donn Hort. Can. 250. See Donn Hort. Cantab. 

Donn Hort. Cantab. 2458. James Donn, Hortus Cantabrigiensis ; or, a Catalogue of Plants, indi- 
genous and foreign, cultivated in the Walkcrian Botanic Garden at Cambridge. Cambridge, 

1796. 8vo. 
Doomsday- Book. 1373. Doomsday-Book seu Liber Censualis Willelmi Primi, Regis Angliae, inter 

Archives Regni in Domo Capitulari Westmonasterii asservalus: jubente Rege augustissimo 

Georgio Tertio praelo mandatus typis. 2 torn, folio. Lond. 1783. 
Dougl. MS. 988. See Douglas's MSS. 
Doug/as MS. 248. 

Drafce's Shakspeare. 1345. Drake's edition of Shakspeare. 

Drury Inlrod. 1817. Drury (D ), Exotic Insects. London, 1770 17S2. 3 vols. 4to. 
Dryden's Virgil. 1223. Dryden's Translation of Virgi'. 

Dublin Soc. Trans. 902. Transactions of the Dublin Society. Dublin, 1800 1810. 6 vols. Svo. 
Duby et Decand. Bot. Gallic. 1372. 
Duby and De Candolle's Botanicon Gallicum. 132. J. E. Duby et A. P. De Candolle, Botanicum 

Gallicum, seu Synopsis Plantarum in Flora Gallica descriptarum. Paris, 18281830. 2 vols. Svo. 
Duh Arb. Fr. 477. See DM Hamc/'s Arbres. 
Du Hamel's Arbres Fruitiers. 984. Traite des Arbres Fruitiers. By Henri Louis Du Hamel du Monceau. 

Paris, 1768. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Du Ham. Arb. Nouv. 261. See Duh. Ed. Nov. 
Duh. Ed. Nouv. Du Hamel's Traite des Arbres et Arhustes qui se cultivent en France en pleine 

Terre. A new edition. By Michel. Paris, 1811 1816. 5 vols. fol. 
Dum. Bot. Cult. 2153. See Botaniste Culltvaleur. 
Dum. Cours. 503. See Botaniste Cvltiwteur. 
Dum. Cours. Bot. Cult. 531. See Botanixte Cultivateur. 
Dum. Cours. Supp. 821. Sec Botaniste Cultivateur. 
Dunciad. 1701. A poem by Pope. 
Dun. ined. 322. Dunal's MSS. 
Dun. Man. Anon. 93. See Dunal Monog. 
Dunal. Monog. 293. Mich. Felix Dunal, Monographic de la Famille des Anonacees, Paris, 

1817. 4to. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CXC1X 

bur. Bourg. 585. Durande,' Flore de Bourgognc. Dijon, 1782. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Du Roi Ilnrbk. 401. Joh. Phil. Uu Roi, Die Harbkesche wilde Baumzucht. Braunschweig, 1771, 

1772. 2 vols. 8vo. 
D'Urv. Enum. 58ft Enumeratio Plantarum quas in Insulis Archipelagi, Anno 1819, 1820, collegit 

Dumont D'Ui ville. Paris, 1822. 8vo. 
Dwieht's Travels in AYu> England. 185. Travels in New England and New York. By Dr. Dwight 

Load. l&JJ. 2 vols. 8vo. 

E. 

Eaton Man. Sot. Ed. 10*7. Id., A Manual of Botany for the Northern and Middle States of America, 

Albany, 1824. 12mo. 
E con. Hist. 101. Economical History of the Hebrides and Highlands of Scotland. 88. By Dr. 

Walker. Edinb. 1812. 

Ed. Phil. Journ. 2110. Edinburgh Philosophical Journal. Conducted by Dr. Brewster and 
Professor Jameson. Edinb. 1819 182*. 10 vols. 8vo. Continued by Prof. Jameson alone, under 
the same name, from 1824; and from 1826, called ' The Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal." 
Edinburgh, 1819, and continued. 8vo. 

Edw. Ornitlt. 2402- Natural History of uncommon Birds, and of some other rare and undescribed 
Animals, Quadrupeds, Reptiles, Fishes, Insects, &c. By Gt-o. Edwards. Lond. 17481761. 4 vols. 
4i u, pi. 210. 

Ehret Act. Angl. J120. Ehret (G. D.), in the Philosophical Transactions. 
Ehret I'.ct. 936. G. D. Ehret, Plantae et Papiliones rariores. Lond. 17481759. Fol. 
Ehrh. A. bor. 772. See Ehrh. Beitr. 
Ehrh. 'iatr. 683. Friediich Ehrhart, Beitrage zur Naturkunde. Hanover et Osnabruk, 1787 

1".92 7 vols. 8vo. 

Eichwal I Plantte Caspico-Caucasicce. 1932. Wilna and Leipsig, 1831. folio. 
Elegy. 1 -TiQ. Gray's Elegy in a Country Churchyard. 
Elementary Art. 203. See Harding's Elemen'ary Art. 
Elements of Naval Architecture. 140. E'leinens de 1' Architecture Navale. By Du Hamel du Mon- 

ceau. Paris, 1752. 4to. 

Elench. Sard. 707. Mdris (J. H.), Stirpium Sardoarum Elenchus. Carali, 18271829. 
Elles's Account^ the Parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch. 77. The History and Antiquities of the 
Parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch, and Liberty of Norton Folgate, in the Suburbs of London. 
London, 1798. 4to. 
Elliott Fl. S. Car. 825. A Sketch of the Botany of South Carolina and Georgia. By Steph. Elliott. 

Charleston, 18211824. 2 vols. 8vo, pi. 12. 

Elliott Journ. Acad. Sci. Philad. 647. See Journ. Acad. Scien. Phil. 

Ellis's Nat. Hist, of Corallines. 70. Essay towards a Natural History of Corallines, and other Marine 
Productions of the like Kind, commonly found on the Coast of Great Britain and Ireland. By 
John Ellis. Lond. 1755. 4to, pi. 39. 

Ellis's Nat. Hist, of Zoophytes, fyc. 70. Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, 
collected from various Parts of the Globe, systematically arranged and described. By Dr. D. 
Solander. Id. Lond. 1786. 4to, pi. 62. 
Ell. Sketch. 1047. See Elliott Fl. S. Car. 
En. PI. 237. See Encyc. of Plants. 

Encyc. Amer. 85. Encyclopaedia Americana. A popular Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature, 
History, Politics, and Biography, brought down to the present time; including a copious Collec- 
tion of original Articles in American Biography; on the basis of the Seventh Edition of the 
German Conversations-Lexicon. Edited by F. Liober and E. Wrigglesworth. Philadelphia, 
1829. 13 vols. 8vo. 
Encyc. Sot. 1361. See Lam. Encyc. 
Encyc. of Agr. 572. An Encyclopaedia of Agriculture, &c. By J. C. Loudon, F.L.S., c. Lond. 

'1831. 8vo. 
Encyc. of Cot. Arch. 897. An Encyclopaedia of Cottage, Farm, and Villa Architecture, Furniture, 

&c. By J. C. Loudon, F.L.S., &c. Lond. 1833. 8vo. 

Encyc. of Card. 76. An Encyclopaedia of Gardening ; comprising the Theory and Practice of Hor- 
ticulture, floriculture, Arboriculture, and Landscape- Gardening, &c. By J. C. Loudon, 
F.LS., &c. Lond. 1835. Ed. 2. 8vo. 

Enct/c. of Plants. 4. An Encyclopaedia of Plants; comprising the Description, Specific Character, 
Culture, History, Application in the Arts, &c. By J. C. Loudon, F.L.S., &c. Lond. 1831. New 
ed. 183i>. 8vo. 

Encyclopedia of Arboriculture. 1805. See Arboretum Britnnnicum. 
Encyclopedic Methodique. 14.VJ. Encyclopedic ; on Dictionnaire raisonne des Sciences, des Arfs, et 

des Me'aers, &c. Lausanne, 1781. 39 vols. 8vo. 
Eng. Bot. 2.>6. English Botany. By Sir J. E. Smith and Messrs. Sowerby. Lond. 1790-1814. 

36 vols. 8vo. An abridged edition, with partially coloured plates, is now (1838) publishing. 
Eng. Bot Suppl. 766. Supplement to the English Botany of Sir J. E. Smith and Messrs. Sowerby; 
the Descriptions, &c., by Sir \V. J. Hooker, LL.D., and other eminent Botanists. Lond., 1831. 
8vo. Continued. 
Eng. Fl. 544. See English Flora. 
Engl. Gard. Cat. 1043. A Catalogue of the Plants cultivated in the Gardens near London. By a 

Society of Gardeners. London, 1730. Folio. 

English Bowman ; or Tracts on Archerv. 2087. See Roberts's English Bowman, SfC. 
English Flora. 27. English Flora. By" Sir J. E. Smith. London, 1824 1828. 4 vols. 8vo. 
Entomological Magazine. 903. I/>nd. 18 >1. In quarterly Nos. t>vo. 
Entomological Society's Transactions. 1480. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London. 

Lond. Bequn in 1S34, and continued in 8vo. 
Enum. PI. Volhyn. 1598. See Besser En. PI. Volhyn. 
Enum. Stiip. Ruth. 1377- See Am maun Stirp. Ruth. 

Enumeration of the I' Units of the Berlin Royal Garden. 141 fi. See Willdcnow's Enumeration, SfC. 
E'/nlaphe de Colardeau <i Du Hnn/rl tic Denainvillicrs, le Ffere de Du Hamel. 2474. 
E[>it/ialamium. 1430. See Herrick's Epithalamiv.m. 

Esch. Mem. Acad, Scienc. Peten. 5W. Eschscholtz in Memoires of the Academy of Sciences at St 
Petersburg. 



CC LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Essai sur les Harmonies VegUales et Animates du Chine. 1122. By M. Marquis. ( ? Paris, 1828.) 

Essay on Archery. 2087. See Moselcy's Essay on Archery. 

Essay on Enclosing and Planting, fyc., in Scotland. 87. See Sutherland's Essay, $c. 

Essay on Plantations. 1988. Francis Bacon, Viscount St. Albans, Silva Silvarum. London. 1627. 

Essay on Planting. 188. Essay on Planting. By the Rev. W. Hanbury. London, 1758. 8vo. 

Essay on Trees in Landscape. 14. See Kennion's Essay, fyc. 

Essays. 836. See Essays on Natural History. 

Essays on Natural History. 710. By Dr. Walker. London, 8vo. 

Essays on Husbandry. 2278. By the Rev. J. Harte. London, 1764. 8vo. 

E'tudes de la Nature. 1307. See St. Pierre's E'tudes de la Nature. 

Evelyn's Diary. 59. Memoirs of John Evelyn, Esq., F.R.S. ; comprising his Diary from 1641 to 

1705-6, and a Selection of his familiar Letters. To which is subjoined the Private Correspondence 

between King Charles I. and Sir Edward Nicholas, &c. Edited by W. Bray, Esq., F.A.S. 

London, 1827. 5 vols. 8vo. 
Exot. Fl. 306. See Hook. Ex. Fl. 
Exploitation des Bois. 370. H. L. Du Hamel du Monceau, De 1'Exploitation des Bois. Paris, 1764. 

2 vols. 4to. 
Ex. Cent. 685. Jacobus Breynius, Exoticarum Plantaru Centuriam. Gedani, 1678. Fol. 

F. 

Fab. Ent. 1884. Jo. Christ Fabricii Entomologia systematica emendata et aucta sec. Classes, 

Ordines, Genera, et Species. Hafniae, 17921799. 9 vols. 8vo. 
Fabric. Helms. 2464. P. C. Fabricii Enumeratio methodica Plantarum Horti Medici Helmstad- 

iensis. Helmstad. 1759. 8vo. 
Faerie Queene. 677. A poem by Spencer. 
Fairchild's City Gardener. 77. The City Gardener ; containing the most experienced Method of 

cultivating and ordering such Evergreens, Fruit Trees, Flowering Shrubs, &c., as will be 

ornamental and thrive best in the London Gardens. By Thomas Fairchild. 1722. Pamph. 

8vo. 

Faithful Shepherdess. 1958. A poem by Beaumont and Fletcher. 
Families des Plantes. 2103. See Adan. Fam. 
Farm. Mag. 101. The Farmer's Magazine. Edinb. 8vo. 
Faun. Ins. Germ. 1824. G. W. F. Panzer, Faunae Insectorum Germanica Initia. Niirnberg. 

17931833. 8vo. 

Fawkes's Bramham Park. 2303. A poem. 
FeuilMe It. 1276. Feuillee (Louis), Journal des Observations Physiques, Mathematiques, et Bota- 

niques faites dans 1'Amerique Meridionale, &c. Paris, 1714 1745. 4to. 
First Additional Supplement to the Encyclopaedia of Agriculture. 186. By J. C. Loudon, F.L.S., &c. 

Lond. 1834. Pamph. 8vo. 
First Additional Supplement to Hort. Brit. 1073. By J. C. Loudon, F.L.S., &c. Lond. 1832. Pamph. 

8vo. 

First Annual Report of the Edinburgh Botanical Society. 2590. Edinb. 1837. 8vo. 
Fisch. Hort. Gorenk. 631. F. Fischer, Catalogue du Jardin des Plantes de Gorenki, prfcs de Moscou. 

1808. 12mo. 

Fisch. Misc. Hisp. 1894. Fischer (F.), Spanische Miszellen &c. Dresden, 1804. 8vo. 
Fisch. MSS. 345. Fischer's MSS. 
Fischer's Anleit. zur Triifflejagd, Sfc. 1975. V. F. Fischer, Anleitung zur Triifflejagd, ein 

Beytrag zur Forst- und Jagd-Wissenschaft. Karlsruhe, 1812. Pamph. 
Five Hundred Points of Good Husbandry, 836. ; together with a Book of Huswifery, &c.^By Thomas 

Tusser. New ed. Lond. 1812. 8vo. 

Fl. Br. 235. Sir J. E. Smith's Flora Britannica. Lond. 18001804. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Fl. Cab. 2547. The Floral Cabinet. By G. B. Knowles and F. Wescott. London and Birmingham. 

1837, 1838. 4to. 

Fl. Caroliniana. 120. T. Walter. Flora Caroliniana. Lond. 1788. 8vo. 
Fl. Dan. 343. See Flora Danica. 
Fl. de Fire. 1956. See Flore de Virgil. 
Fl. Fr. 337. See Flore Franqaise. 
Fl. Gr. 322. See Flor. Greeca. 
Fl. Hib. 1087. See Mackay Fl. Hibern. 
Ft. 2nd, Odd. 5271. Swartz (Olof), Flora Indiaj Occidentalis. Erlangen, 1797, 1800, 1806. 3 

vols. 8vo. 
Fl. Mex. Icon. ined. 713. Sesse et Mocino, Flora Mexicana, Icon. ined. Iconibus ab ipso Sesse et 

Cervantesio curatis nondum editis usus est Candolleus. 
Fl. Nap. 583. See Tenore's Flora Neapolitana. 
Fl. Pyr. 778. Philippe Picot De la Peyrouse, Figures de la Flore des Pyrenees. Paris, 1795 

Fl. Wett. 581. Flora der Wetterau von G. Gartner. By Meyer und J. Scherbius. 17991801. 

4 vols. 8vo. 
Flor. Grtec. 241. John Sibthorp. Flora Graeca. Edited by Sir J. E. Smith, and continued by Sir 

W. J. Hooker, and Dr. Lindley. 
Flora. 178. See Pursh's Fl. Amer. Sept. 

Flora Americana Septentrionalis. 2119. See Pursh Fl. Amer. Sept. 
Flora Anglica. 27. See Huds. Fl. Angl. 

Flora Carniolica. 1456. Scopoli (J. A.), Flora Carniolica. Vienna, 1760. 8vo. 
Flora Danica. 153. Flora Danica, sive Icones Plantarum sponte nascentium in Regnis Daniee et 

Norvegiae, &c. By Vahl, Horneman, and Muller. Hafniaj. 17621829. 9 vols. fol. 
Flora Domestica. 1282. Flora Domestica; or, the Portable Flower-Garden. London, 1823. 8vo. 
Flora Edinensis. 2540. See Grev. Fl. Ed. 
Flora Germanica. 146. See Roth's Flora Germanica. 

Flora Helvetica. 160. See Sitter's Flora Helvetica, and also Gaudin's Flora Helvetica. 
Flora Hungarica. 146. Waldstein (F.) et Kitaibel (P.), Descriptiones et Icones Plantarum rari- 

orum Hungarian Vienna, 1802 1812. 4 vols. fol. 
Flora Italica. 164. See Bertoloni's Flora Italica. 
Flora Lapponica. 153. Carolus Linnaeus S. von Linne, Flora Lapponica. Amstelodami, 1737, 

8vo, 3d ed. By Sir J. E. Smith. Lond. 1792. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCl 

Florula Louisiana. 518. Florida of Louisiana. By Professor Kaflnesque. New York, 1817. 

Flora Lusitanicii. HU. Si-r ///v/. I'lur. IMS. 

Flora MetropoUtema. 8^'. Flor:i Metropolitan; or, Botanical Rambles within Thirty Miles of London. 

By Daniel Cooper. Loud. l> *;. i.'mo. 
Flora Me.r. ic. and .V.V.V. 7! ;. See Fl. Vex. icon. ined. 
Flora Kcapulitana. Iti4. See Tenure's Flora NeapolitaM. 

Belgium. 1 I :. I.cjemic anil Courtois, Horti Botanic! Academics Leodicnsis Discretion! 
djunctus; conjunctU studits ediderunt : Compendium Flora; Belgica'. Li> 

. Svo. 

Flora of Berwick H/XI/I Tweed. 512. Sec Johnston's Flora of, fyc. 

Flora of \an/> *. -1<\1. Bonamy, Flora Nannctensis Prodromus. Nann. 1782. 12mo. 
Flora of the Faroe Islands. 153. On the- Vegetation and Temperature of the Faroe Islands. By W. 

C. Trevelyan, Esq. Published in the Edinb. Phil. Journ. for January, 1835. 
Flora Pcrnvinna. 1302. Ruiz et Pavon, Flora Peruviana et Chilcnsis. Matriti, 1798, 1799. 5 

vols. fol. 
Flora Scandinavia:. 153. A. J. Retzius, Flora? Scandinavia? Prodromus. Holmia*, 1779. Ed. 2., 

Lipsia, 1795. 8vo. 

Flora Scotica. 1457. Sue Light foot's Flora Scotica. 
Flora Scotica. 123. Sec Hook. Ft. Scotica. 
Flora Silcsiaca. 127.\ See Krock. Fl. Si I. 

Fl.n-ii Suecica. 15,5. C. Linna;us, Flora Suecica. Holmia?, 1745. Ed. 2., 1755. 8vo. 
Flora Transi/l. 1 210. Baumi;arten (J. C. G.), Enumeratio Stirpium Magni Transylvania? Principatus. 

Vu-Jina, ISOti. 3 vdta 
Flora Taurico-Caucasica. i.'o5. L. B. F. Marschall de Bieberstein, Flora Taurico-Caucasica. Char- 

koviie, 18i.8. 8vo. 

Flora; Sicuhc Prodromus. 164. See Gussone's Flora Simla?, fyc. 
Flared? I'irgilc. l!'5ti. A. L. A. Fee, Flore de Virgilc; ou, Nomenclature methodique et critique 

des Plantes, Fruits, et Produits vegetaux mentionnes dans ses Ouvrages. Paris, 1802. 8vo. 
Flore Fran^a/se. fiL. A. P. De Candolle et Lamarck, Flore Francaise. Paris, 1H05 1815. 

5 vols. 8vo. 

Florae Javce. 2003. See Blume Fl. Jav. 

Florula Bostoniensis. 1370. Jacob Bigelow. Florula Bostoniensis. Boston, 1814. 8vo. 
Fliiggc Ann. Mus. 829. Fliigge in Ann. Mus. See Aimales du Muse'e. 
Forbcs's Hort. Tour. 1926. Journal of a Horticultural Tour through Germany, Belgium, and Part of 

France, in the Autumn of 1835. By James Forbes, A. L.S., &c. London, 1837. 8vo. 
Forest Law. 1751. See Manwood on Forest Law. 
Forest Trees, $c. 695. The Manner of raising, ordering, and improving Forest and Fruit Trees, &c. 

By Moses Cook. London, 1676. 4to. 
Forester's Guide. 1797. See Montcath's Forester's Guide. 
Forsk. JKgyp. 335. See Forsk. JF.gyp. Arab. 
Forsk. JEgyp. Descr. 767. See Forsk. JEgyp. Arab. 

Forskaol JKgyp. Arab. 1248. Petrus Forskaol, Flora JEgyptiaco-Arabica. Hanniae. 1775. 4to. 
Forster MS. 1588. G. Forster's MS. 
Fjr. Trees of Russ. in Jam. Journ. 2175. A Paper on the Forest Trees of Russia. By Dr. Howison, 

in Jameson's Journal. 

Forsytes Chronological and Biographical History. 80. By W. Forsyth, Esq. Not yet published. 
Foure Bookcs of Husbandrie. 1774. See Googc's Foure Buokcs of Husband yie. 
Fr. El. 2147. E. Fries, Elenchus Fungorum, sistens Commentarium in Systema Mycologicuni 

Gryphiswald, 1828. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Fragm. Fl. Itctl. 583. See Viv. Frngm. 
Franklin's First Journey. 1675. See Franklin's Narrative. 
Franklins (Captain John] Narrative of a Journey to the Shores of the Polar Sea in the Years 

1819 1S22. 2UH). Loud 1823. 4 to. 
Franklin's Journ. Append. 638. Appendix to the above, on various Subjects relating to Natural 

History. By Dr. Richardson and J. Sabine, Esq. Lond. 1823. 4to. 
Fras. Cat. (W. See Frasffr's Cat. 

Frascr's Cat. 989. A Catalogue of Plants cultivated in Eraser's Nursery. Chelsea. 
French Encyclopedia. 612 See F.ncyc. M6th. 

Fries Xovit. 1598. E. M. Fries, Novitia; Floras Suecica:. Lunda?, 1814. 4to. 
Fries Syst. Mus. 1703. See Fries Hyst. Myc. 
Fries Syst. Mi/e. 2147- Systema Mycologicum sistens Fungorum Ordines, Genera, et Species hue 

usque cognitas. Gryphiswald et LUDOOL 18211823. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Fuchs Hist. 581. Leonliard Fuchs, DC Historia Stirpium Commentarii insignes. Basilca-, 1542. 

Fol. 
Fumifugium. 368. Evelyn's (John) Fumifugium ; or, the Inconvenience of the Air and Smoke 

of London dissipated; together with some Remedies humbly proposed. London 

12mo. 
Furber's Nursery Catalogue. 2015. Catalogue of English and Foreign Trees. By R. Furber. 

London, 1733. 8vo. 

G. 

Gaert. Fr. 3.58. See De Frurf. ct Sem 

(fart. Fi-uet. 257- . s .'t' Df I-ruet. . 

(.her 1. Sew. 14 H. See De I'n/tt. . 

Gagncb. Act. Helvet. I70i!. (iagnebin (A.) in Acta Helvetica Physicc-Mathematico-Botanico 
Medica. 1751, and continued. 4to. 

Garcilasso. 1!02. Wifl'en's Translatidii of Gavcilasso. 

Gard. Mug. lii. The (iardener's Magazine. Conducted by J. C. Loudon, F.L.S , &c. London 13 
u.ls. svo, to 1838. Continued monthly. 

Gardener's Dictionary. 885. The Planter's, Hjrist's, and Gardener's Dictionary ; being a practical 
Collection from the most approved Authors in the English Language, relating to the above 
Three Parts of Gardening, founded on Experience, worthy of Notice, and adapted to the Climate 
of Scotland. By James Gordon, Nurseryman and Florist, at Fountainbridge, near Edinburgh. 
Edinb. 1774. Svo. 

Gard, 

Garid. Aix. (i37. P. J. Garidel, Histoire des Plantes qui naissant aux Environs d'Aix. Aix, 1715. 



CC11 LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Garten Ins. 2144. See BouchC- Naturgcsch. $c. 

(ruler Mont. 7ou. Gnterau, Description des Plantes qui croissent aux Environs du Montauban. 

Montauban, 1789. 8vo. 

Gainlin's F/oia Helvetica. 160. Gaudin (J.), Flora Helvetica. Tours, 18281830. 
Genealogical History of the Ancient Family of Heron. 96. A Genealogical History, &c. By Sir 

R Heron. London, 1803 4to. 

Gen et Cat. X. A. P. 13U1. Thomas Nuttall, The Genera of North American Plants, and a Cata- 
logue of the Species. Philadelph. 1818. 2 vols. 12mo. 
Gen. ofN. Amer. Plants. 122. See Gen and Cat. N. A. P. 
Genera Plantarum. 210,3. See Juss. Gen. 
Genera Pluntarum. 2103. See Lin. Gen. 

General Report of Scotland. 89. By Sir John Sinclair. Edinb. 1791 1799. 21 vols. 8vo. 
General Survey of the Agriculture of Scotland. 103. The present State of the Husbandry in Scot- 
land. By Andrew Wight Edinb. 17781790. 6 vols. 8vo. 
Gent. Mag. 25. Gentleman's Magazine. London. Begun in 1731, and continued in monthly 

Nos. 8vo. 

Geog. and Httt., &c. 2484. See Geography and History of the Western States. 

Geography anil History of the Western States. 2484. History and Geography of the Mississippi 
VafleJ ; to which is appended a condensed Physical Geography of the Atlantic, United States, 
and the whole American Continent. By Timothy Flint Cincinnati, 1832. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Georgics. 1382. Dryden's Translation of Virgil. 
Ger. Em. 693. See Ge.r. Emac. App. 
Gcr. Emac. 1010. See Ger. Emac. App. 
Ger. Einac. Append. 526. John Gerard, The Herbal ; or, General History of Plants gathered by 

John Gerard. Lond. 1597. Fol. Enlarged by Johnson, 16o3. 

Ger. Gallo-Prov. 336. Ludovic Gerarde, Flora Gallo-Provincialis Paris, 1761. 8vo. 
Ger. Prov. 10(34. See Ger. Gallo-Prov. 
Gerard's Catalogue. 693. Jo. Gerard, Catalogus Arborum, Fruticum, ac Plantarum, tam indige- 

narum quam exoticarum, in Horto Gerardi nascentium. London, 159fi. 8vo. 
Gerard's Herb. 24. The Herbal; or, General History of Plants gathered by John Gerarde, Master 

in Chirurgerie. London, 1597. Folio. 
Gerusalcmme Liberata. 2472. A poem by Tasso. 
Geschichte der Obstcultur. 478. Allgemeine Geschichte der Obst-Cultur, von den Zeiten der Ur- 

welten, bis auf die gegenwartigen herab. By F. K. L. Sickler. Frankfort, 1802. 8vo. 
Ge.tn. Icon. Pict. 1943. Gesner (Conrad), Opera Botanica ex Bibliothcca C. J. Trew. Edidit et 

praifatus est C. C. Schiniedel. Norimb. 17511770. Folio. 
Gilib. Jiot. Prat. 580. Joh. Em. Gilibert, Histoire des Plantes d'Europe; ou E'lemens de Botanique 

pratique. Lyons, 1798, 2 vols. 8vo. 2d ed., Lyons, 1806, 3 vols. 8vo. 
Gittics's MSS. 559. Dr. Gillies 's MS. 

Girardin's Essay on Landscape, ${c. 16f>9. De la Composition des Paysages, ou des Moyens d'em- 

bellir la Nature autourdes Habitations, en yjoignant 1'Utileal'Agreable. Par M. L. R. Girardin, 

Vicomte d'Ermenonville. Paris, 8vo. Translated into English under the title of" An Essay 

on Landscape, with an Historical Introduction, &c. London, 1783. 12mo. 

Gmel. Fl. Dad. 703. Gmel. Fl. Bad. Als. 7(58. Carol. Christ. Gmelin, Flora Badensis-Alsatica. 

Carlsruhae, 18051808. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Gmel. FL Sibir. 729. Gmel. Sib. 247. Joh. Georg. Gmelin, Flora Sibirica. Petropoli, 17471769. 

4 vols. 4to. 

Gmel. Itin. 1211. Gmelin (J. G.), Travels through Siberia, between the Years 17331743. In Ger- 
man. Gdttingen, 1751, 1752. 8vo. 

Gmel. Syst. 240. Joh. Frid. Gmelin, Caroli Linnsei Systema Naturae. Lugduni, 1796. 10 vols. 8vo. 
Godefroy Cat. 756. The Catalogue of M. Godefroy, Nurseryman, Ville d'Avray, near Paris. 
Gouge's Foure Bookes of Husbandrie. 1774. Foure Bookes of Husbandrie, collected by Conradus 
Heresbachius, &c. ; containing the whole Art and Trade of Husbandrie, Gardening, &c. Newly 
EnglUhed and encreased. By Barnaby Gooxe. London, 1577. 4to. 
Garter Ingr. 754. Dav.d De Gorter, Flora Ingrica ex Schedulis Steph. Krascheninikow, &c. 

Petropoli, 1761. 8vo. Appendix, 1764. 
Gothe's Versuch uber die Metamorphose der Pflanzcn. 225. J. W. Von Gothe. Versuch uber die 

Metamorphose der Pflanzen. Stuttg. 1881. 8vo. 
Gouan Descr. du Ginlcgo. 2094. Ant Gouan, Description du Ginkgo biloba. Montpelier, 1812. 

4to. and 8vo. 

Gouan Fl. Monsp. 337. Id., Flora Monspeliaca. Lugduni, 1762. 8vo. 

Gouan Herd. 353. Id., Herborisations des Environs de Montpelier. Montpelier, 1796. 8vo. 
Gouan Hort. 1046. Id., Hortus Regius Monspeliensis sistens Plantas turn indigenas turn cxoticas, 

&c. Lugduni, 1762. 8vo, pi. 4. 

Gouan III. 360. Id., Illustrationes Botanica?. Tiguri, 1773. Fol. 
Goatin Mons. 2464. See Gouan Fl. Monsp. 
Graffir PI. Exsicc. 2234. Graffer (John), A Descriptive Catalogue of upwards of 1100 Species and 

Varieties of Herbaceous or Perennial Plants. London, 1789. 8vo. 

Gray's Arr. 1123. Natural Arrangement of British Plants, according to their Relations to each 
other, as pointed out by Jussicu, De Candolle, Brown, &c., including those cultivated for use ; 
with an Introduction to Botany, in which the Terms newly introduced are explained. By S. F. 
Gray. London, 1821. 2 vols. 8vo, pi 21. 
Grev. Crypt. 1833. See Grcv. Sc. Cr. Fl. 
Grcv. Sc. Cr. Fl. 2147. Scottish Cryptogamic Flora, or Descriptions of Plants belonging chiefly to 

the Order Fungi. By R. K. Greville. Edinb. 1823 1828. 6 vols. 8 vo, pi. 360. 
Grev. Fl. Ed. 1834. Flora Edinensis. Id. Edinb. lHi>4. 8vo. pi 3. 
Grognier's liecherches Historiques et Statisques sur Ic Miirier, le Ver a Soic, et la Fabrication de la 

Soierie, Z$c. 135S. Lyons, 1826. Pamph. 8vo. 
Gron. Orient. 1320. J- Fred. Gronovius, Flora Orientalis, sive Recensio Plantarum quas Rauvolsius 

collrgit. Lugd. Bat. 1755. 8vo. 
Gronov. et Halt. Fl. Car. 516. See Fl. Caroliniana. 
Gronov. yirg. 1111. Id., Flora Virginica ex hi bens Plantas quas J. Clayton in Virginia collegit. 

Lugd. Bat. 1743, 4to. Ed. 2., Lugd. Bat. 17G2, 4to. 

Grose's Treatise on Ancient Anns and Armour. 2087. London, 1785 1786. 4to. 
Guardian. 13^9. The Guardian. By Steele and others. London, 1714. 4to. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CC111 

Cuimp. Abb. Holx. 926. F. Guimpel, Abbildung der deutschen Holaarten fur Forstmanner und 

Liebhabcr der Botanik. Berlin, 18151820. 2 vols. 4to, pi. 2K1. 
Glild. Itin. 1058. Giildenst;idt (L\ A.), Rcisen durch Hussland, und In caucasischen Geburge, 

iwniugegeben von. 1'. L. Pallas. St. Petersb. 1787. 4to. 
Guss. Cat. 587. Jo. Gussone, Catalogus Plantarum, qua; in Horto Regio asservantur. Neapol. 1821. 

Svo. 

Gussone's Flora; Siculte Prodromtts. 104. Neap. 1829. 
Gussonc PI. liar. 5h7. Id., Plants rariores per Regiones Samnii ac Aprutii collects. Neapoli, 1826. 

4to, pi. 66. 
Gyll. Ins. Succ. 1816. L. Gyllenhal, Insects Suecica descripta. Scaris et Lips. 18081827. 

4 vols. 8vo. 

H. 

Habl. ined. Taur. 948. Hablizl's Physikal. Beschr. d. Taurischen Statthalterschaft nach ihrcr 

Lage u. alien drey Naturreichen. Hann. and Osnab. 1797. 8vo. 
ILinkc J><-<i/>. 1 J1S6. Thadteus Ha-nkc, Beobachtungen auf Ueisen nach dem Riesen-gcbirge, &c. 

Dresden, 17<U. 4to. 
Hall, llclv. 24!>9. Albert Von Haller, Historia Stirpium indigcnarum Helvetia;. Bernae, 1768. 

3 vols. fol. 

Ifall. Hist. 1375. See Hall. Hdv. 
Halloween. 2022. A poem by Burns.' 
Hall's Sketches in Canada and the United States. 2117. Forty Sketches of North America. By 

Capt. Basil Hall, K.N. London, 4to. 
Hall's Travels in Scotland. 1681. Travels in Scotland by an unusual Route, with a Trip to the 

Orkneys and Hebrides ; containing Hints for Improvement in Agriculture and Commerce, with 

Characters and Anecdotes, and a Map and Views. By the Rev. J. Hall. London, 1807. 

2 vols. 8vo. 

Ham. MSS. 24.3. See Hamil. MSS. 
Hamil. MSS. 390. Hamilton MSS. 

Handbook for Travellers in Southern Germany. 2115. London, 1837. 8vo. 
Harbkeschc BaumzucAt theils nord-amcrikenischer und fremder, &c. 190. By J. P. Du Roi. 

17711772. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Harding'* Elementary Art. 203. Elementary Art, or the Use of the Lead-Pencil advocated and 

explained. By J. D. Harding. London, 1834. Folio. 
Harleian MS. 512. Harleian Collection of MS. in the British Museum 
Hartig's Lehrbuchfur Forster. 2223. Hartig (G. L.), Instruction sur la Culture du Bois & 1'Usage 

des Forestiers. Translated by J. Baudrillart. 1 vol. 8vo. Paris, 1805. 
Hasted' s Kent. 24. See Beauties of England, $c. 
Haworth Lcp. Brit. 1828. A. H. Haworth, Lepidoptera Britannica, sistens Digestionem novam 

Insectorum Lepidopterorum qua; in Magni Britannici reperiuntur, &c. Londini, 1803. 8vo. 
Haworth's Review of Entomology. 1480. In the Entomological Society's Transactions, vol. i. 
Haworth Suppl. 2527. A. H. Haworth, Supplemeutum Plantarum succulentarum. Lond. 1819. 

8vo. 

Haworth Syn. Plant. Sue. 965. Id., Synopsis Plantarum succulentarum. Lond. 1812. 8vo. 
Haw. Sup]). 2525. See Haworth Suppl. 
Haw. Sup. PL Sue. 2527. See Haworth Suppl. 
Hayley's JAfe and Posthumous Writings of William Cowper. 1764. Life and Posthumous Writings 

of William Cowper, Esq. ; with an Introductory Letter to the Right Hon. Earl Cowper. By 

W. Hayley, Esq. Chichester, 1803-4. 3 vols. 4to. 
Hayne Ablnld. 303. See Haync Abbild. der dcut. Holz. 
Haync Abbild. der deut. Holz. 586. Abbildung der deutschen Holzarten fur Forstmanner und Lieb- 

haber der Botanik, herausgegeben von F. Guimpel, entworfen und beschreibung von C. L. 

Willdenow, in letztrer Rucksicht fortgesetzt von F. G. Hayne. Berlin, 1820. 4to. 
Hayne Den. 233. See Hayne' s Dendrologische Flora. 
Hayne Dendr. 1455. See JJayne's Dendrologische Flora. 
Hayne's Dendrologische Flora. 415. Dendrologische Flora, oder Beschreibung der in Deutschland 

im freien ausdauernden Holzegewiichse. Von Dr. T. G. Hayne. Berlin, 1822. 8vo. 
Hayne Term. Sot. 1014. F. G. Hayne et C. L. Willdenow, Termini Botanici iconibus illustrati. 

Berolini, 1799. 4to. 
H. B. et Kunth Nov. Gen. Amer. 503. Humboldt, Bonpland, et Kunth, Nova Genera et Species 

Plantarum. Paris, 18151825. 7 vols. 4to. 

Head's Continuation of a Home Tour. 2549. Continuation of a Home Tour through the Manufac- 
turing Districts of England, in the Summer of 1835. By Sir G. Head. London, 1837. 8vo. 
Jlcai/n'ck's Forfarshire. luo. General View of the Agriculture of the County of Angus or Forfar- 

shire, with Observations on the Means of Improvement, &c. By the Rev. James Headrick. 

London, 1813. 8vo. 
Hcber's (Bishop] Journal. 919. Heber's (Bishop) Journey through India. London, 1830. 2 vols. 

4to, and 3 vols. Svo. 

Hebrew .Melodies. Httf. By Lord Byron. 

Hedw. F. Gen. 528. D. J. Hedwig, Filicum Genera et Species. Lips. 1799. Folio, pi. (i. 
Heer. Observationes Entomological, continens Metamorphoses Coleopterorum nonnullorum. Turici, 

1836. Svo. 

Heinskingla, cller Snorro Sturlcson's Nordlantche Konuga Sagor. 2020. 
Hem. Dm. 772. See Hcrm. Diss. 
Henry VI. 839. One of Shak^peare's plays. 
Herb. Banks MSS. 1530. MSS. in the Banksian Herbarium. 
Herb. H&nke. 1059. Ha>nke's Herbarium. 
Herb. Reinwdt. 1168. Reinwardt's Herbarium. 
Herb. Thib. ,)40. Thibaud's Herbarium. 
Herbal. !Sti7. See Parkinson's Herbal. 

Herbal ; or, Theatre of Pltmfs, S{C. 52. See Parkinson's Herbal, S(C. 
Herbarium. <X>7. See lI'ilMenaw's Herbarium. 

Herbarium Mauritanium. 542. Willemet (P. R.), Herbarium Mauritanianum. Lcipsyr, 1796. Sva. 
Herefordshire Report. 884. General View of the Agriculture of the County of Hereford, &c Bv 

John Duncumb, A.M. London, 1805. Svo. 

a a 2 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Herm. Dits. 754. B. F. Hermann, Diss. dc Rosa. Argcntorati, 1762. 4to. 

llerm. Liuigb. 2498. Paulus Hermann, Flora Lugduno-Batavje Flores, ed. L. Zumbach. Lugd. 

Hat. Iti'K). 8vo. 
llerm. Par. 424. Id., Paradisus Batavus, Opus posthumura, ed. G. Sherard. Lugd. Bat. 1698. 4to. 

Ed. '-'., Lugd. Bat. 1705. 
llt-rn. Mcx. 713. See Hern, ^fcx. Icon. 
Hern. Mex. Icon. 713. Hernandea (F. G.), Nova Plantarum, Animalium, et Mineralium Mexica- 

norum Historia : a N. A. llcccho in Volumen digcsta, a J. T. J. Fabro, et F. Columna, Lynceis, 

Notis ct Additionibus illustrata. Rome. 1651. Folio. 
Hcrrci-n's Agricnltnra. l'J(>8. Gahr. Alons de Herrera, Agricultura general adicionada per la Real 

Sociedau Economica Matritensc. Madrid, 1818. 4 vols. 8vo. 
Herrick's Epithalumium. 1430. Herrick (R.), Hesperidesj or, Works both Human and Divine. 

London, 1648. 8vo. 
Hierophyticon, &c. 1720. M. Hiller, Hierqphyticon, sive Comincntarius in Loca Scripturae Sacra; quae 

Plantarum Mentionem faciunt. Trajecti ad Rhen. 1725. 4to. 
Highlands of Scotland, %c. 1224. An Economical History of the Hebrides and Highlands of Scotland. 

By John Walker, D.D. Edinb. 1808. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Highland Sac. Trans. 2161. See High. Soc. Trans. 
High. Sue. Trans. 2165. Quarterly Journal of Agriculture; and the Prize Essays and Transactions 

of the Highland Society of Scotland. Edinb. 1828. In quarterly numbers. 8vo. 
Hints on the Planting and General Treatment of Hardy Evergreens. 512. Hints on the Planting 

and General Treatment of Hardy Evergreens in the Climate of Scotland, &c. By William 

M'Nab. Edinb. 1831. Pamph. 8vo. 
Hist. 717. See History of the Arundcl Family. 
Hist, des Champs. 1704. See Rogue's Hist, des Champs. 
Hist, and Stat. 258. Lang (J. D.), An Historical and Statistical Account of New South Wales. 

London, 1834. 2 vols. 12rao. 

Hist, des Plantes Pyr. 22UO. See Lap. Hist, des Pi. des Pyrenees. 
Hist, du Japan. 1361. Kjcmpfer (Engelbert), History of Japan. Translated from High Dutch, by 

J. G. Scheuchzer, London, 1728, 2 vols. folio. Et traduite en Francais surla Version Anglaise 

dc J. G. Scheuchzer, La Haye, 1721), 2 vols. folio. 
Hist. Nat. Hymenopt. 2140. Lepeletier de Saint Fargeau, Histoire Naturelle des Insectes Hynu-- 

nopteres, torn. 1. Paris, 1836. 8vo. (Part of the " Suites 3 Buffbn.") 

Hist. Ilei Herb. 16. Kurt Sprengel, Historia llei Herbariae. Amstelodami, 1807. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Hist, of Invent. $c. 147. History of Inventions and Discoveries. By John Beckman. Translated 

by Johnston. London, 1797. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Histoire ties Arbrcs de VAmerique. 142. See Micfix. Arb., $c. 
Histoire des Arbres et Arbrisseaux. 189. Histoire des Arbres et Arbrisseaux qui peuvent etre cultives 

en pleine Terre sur le Sol de la France. Paris, 1809. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Histoire des Arbres Forestiers de I'Amerique Scptentrionale. 189. See Michaux's Arbres Fo- 

reticrs, tyc. 

Histoire des Chines de VAmerique. 189. See Michaux's Histoire des Chines, fyc. 
Histoire des Chenes de I'Amtrique Septentrionale. 142. See Michaux's Histoire des Chines, $c. 
Histoire des Drogues. 788. Pierre Pomet, Histoire Generate des Drogues. Paris, 1684. Fol. 
Histuire des Plantes. 609. Jean Robin, Histoire des Plantes. Paris, 1620. 12mo. Printed with 

the 2d ed. of Lonicer's History of Plants. 
Histoire des Plantes du Dauphine. 963. D. Villars, Histoire des Plantes du Dauphine. Grenoble, 

17861788. 3 vols. 8vo. 

Histoire des Vcgetaux Fossiles. 2111. By A. Brongniart. Paris, 1828. 8vo, pi. 117. 
Histiore du Cedre. 2411. See Histoire du Cedre du Liban. 
Histoire du Ctdredu Liban. A Paper by Loiseleur Deslongchamps, published in the Annales de 

1'Agric. Franc, for 1837. 

Histoire Naturelle des lies Canaries. 1332. See Webb and Sertholet's Histoire Naturelle, fa. 
Historia Plantarum. 16. Sec Theophrastus's Historia Plantarum. 
Historia Plantarum. 48. See Hay's Historia Plantarum. 

Historia Salicum. 1457. G. F. Hoffmann, Historia Salicum iconibus illustr. Lipsiac, 1785. Fol. 
Historical and Descriptive Account of Persia. 2039. Eraser's. 
History of Craven. 371. See Whilaker's History of Craven. 
Hishn'y of Dublin. 117. Bee Walsh's History of Dublin. 
History of Edinburgh. 95. See Arnot's History of Edinburgh. 
History ofEnfield. 41. Dr. May's. 
History of Manchester . 21. Whitaker's (Rev. J.) History of Manchester, in Four Books. London, 

History of Mexico. 2051. The History of Mexico, collected from Spanish and Mexican Historians, 

&c. By the Abbe Clavigero. Translated by Charles Cullen. Lond. 1787. 2 vols. 4to. 
History of New England. 2314. By J. Josselyn. London, 1672. 
Histon/ of Northamptonshire. 1777. Whalley (Rev. P.), History and Antiquities of Northampton- 

sh'ire. Oxford, 1791. 2 vols. folio. Compiled from the MS. of Mr. Bridges. 

History of Plants. 1829. Ruellius (J.), De Natura Stirpium. Paris, 1536, fol. Basilia?, 1543, fol. 
History of Selborne. 1758. Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne. By the Rev. G. White. 

London. 1813. 4to. 
History of Somersetshire. 1431. Collinson (Rev. J.), The History and Antiquity of the County of 

Somerset. Bath, 1791. 3 vols. 4to. 
History of the Arundel Family. 111. The Antiquities of Arundel. The peculiar Privileges of its 

Castle and Lordship ; with an Abstract of the Lives of the Earls of Arundel from the Conquest 

to the present Time. London, 1766. 8vo. 
History of the County of Down. 116. The Ancient and Present State of the County of Down. By 

C. Smith. 1744. 8vo. 

History of the first Fourteen Years of King James. 787. By Sir Thomas G. Cullum. 
History of the Mogul Empire. 785. Histoire Generale de 1'Empire du Mogul. Paris, 1705. 4to. 
History qftkc Hose. 789. Rosenberg (J. C), De Rosa iatrica Animadversiones et Exercitationes 

Medico?. Argent. 1624. 12mo. 
History of Willows. 1456. See Ilojf'm. Hist. Sal. 
II. K. 357. See Ait. Horf. AVu>. 
Hofjiand's Dfscrii>lion of While Knights. 128. An Historical Description of White Knights. By 

Mr. and Mrs. Hoffland. Lond. 1820. FoL 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 



CCV 



H'iffm. Hist. Sal. 1402. Sec- Uofim. Sal. 

Hoffm. Sal. 14!'. (.ii'f.r K . Franz. IlollVnann, Hiatoria Salicum Iconibus illustr. Lipsize, 1785. Fol. 
Hq/finantegg /'/. Port, 12<i7. HoffrnanseKg et Link, Flore Portugaise. Rostoch et Berlin, 1806. Fol. 
Hi,- l/ii.isinil Plants qf Sicily. I'M-. Sic Horn's observation?, $1: 

'.t'nms on the Classical 'Plants of Sicily. IQL An Article published in the Journal of 

Botany, 'J(l ser. j>. 

Holland' * 'Tmnxtiitiun oj Plhi i/'s \aturiit History. 1<. Ixmdon, J601. 'J vols. folio. 
Uolxbihliiithek, 1!H). (Wood Library.) A term given by the Germans to a species of Publication, or 

rather portable- Museum. A hundred or more sorts'of wood, with dried specimens of the leaves, 

flowers, seed, and winter's wood, of each species, are put loose into little cases about the sixe <>t 

8vo volumes, and these are finished exteriorly like books, and the back lettered with the name 

of the wood in different languages 
Horn. Odys. 1723. Homer's Odyssey, Pope's Translation, with Notes by Gilbert \Vakefield. Lond. 

17<*5. 8vo. 
Hone's Every-Day Book. 900. Hone's (W.), Every-Day Hook and Year Book. London, 1826. 

3 vols. 8vo. 
Hook. Bot. Mixed. 541. Botanical Miscellany ; containing Figures and Descriptions of such Plants as 

recommend themselves by their Novelty, Rarity, or History. By Sir W. J. Hooker. London, 

18301833. 3 vols. 8vo. 

Hook. Bot. Co/up. 1345. Sec Hook. Comp. Bot. Mag. 
Hook. IV. Jack. Comp. Bot. Mag. 1938. See Comp. to Bot. Mag. 
Hook. British Flora. '27. British Flora ; comprising the Pha-nogamous or Flowering Plants, and the 

Ferns. Id. Lond. 18301833. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Hook. Et. Fl. 1277. Exotic Flora Id. Edinb. 18231827. 3 vols. 8vo, pL 232. 
Hook. Fl. Bur. Amcr. 309. Flora Boreali Americana ; compiled principally from the Plants col- 
lected on the Northern Land Expedition, under Command of Capt. Sir John Franklin. Id. 

Lond. 18291834. 4to. 
Hook. Fl. Scofica, 123. Flora Scotica ; or, a Description of Scottish Plants, arranged both according 

to artificial and natural Methods. Id. London, 1821. 8vo. 
Hook. Loud. 769. Curtis's Flora Londinensis, continued by Sir W. J. Hooker. Lond. Fol. Sec 

Curt. Lond. 

Hook. Scot. 235. See Hook. Fl. Scot. 
Hoolc's Tasso. 1958. London, 1767. 2 vols. 12mo. 
Horn. Cat. Hnrt. Hnfn. 345. Hornemann (J. W.), Enumeratio Plantarum Horti Botanic! Hafniensis. 

Hafn. 1807. 8vo. 
Horn. Hurt. Rce. Huff'. 2094. J. W. Hornemann, Hortus Regius Botanicus Hafniensis. Hafnia?, 

1815. Svo/ 
Horn. ILirt. Hafn. Suppl. 584. J. W. Hornemann, Horti Regii Botanic! Hafniensis Supplementum. 

Haihiai, 1819. Kmo. 

Horsficld's History, <$r., of Sussex. 1838. Horsfield (T. W.), The History, Antiquities, and Topo- 
graphy of the County of Suffolk. Lewis, 1835. 4to. 
Hort. Acad. Luird. Bat. Cat. 45. Paulus Hermann, Horti Lugduno-Batavi Catalogus. Lugd. 

Bat. 1697. *8vo. 
Hort. Anffl. 647. Hortus Anglicus ; or, the Modern English Flower-Garden, &c. By the Author of 

the British Botanist. London, 182:2. 2 vois. 8vo. 
Hort. Brit. 4. Hortus Britannicus. A Catalogue of all the Plants indigenous, cultivated in, or 

introduced to, Britain. Edited by J. C. London, F.L.S., c. Lond. 1830. 8vo. 
Hort. Cliff. 293. Carolus Linnreus. Hortus Cliffortianus. Amsterd. 1737. Fol. 
Hort. Eric. Wohurn. 1079. Hortus Ericeus Woburnensis. London, J8i24. 
Hort. Eyst. 1267. See Bcsl. Eyst. 

Hort. Europatus Americanus. 76. By Mark Catesby. Lond. 1767. Fol. 
Jfort. Herrenh. 640. See Hort. Herrenhaus. 

Hort. Herrenhaus. 750. \Vendland (J. C.), Hortus Herrenhausanus. Hanover, 1778 1799. Folio. 
Hort. Kcw. 36. See Ait. Hort. Kew. 
Hort. Kew. Icon. 1089. See Ait. Hort. Kew. 
Hort. Par. 423. Hortus Parisiensis. 
Hort. Lam. 319. See Lam. Diet. 

Hort. Soc. Cat. of Fruits. 790. Catalogue of Fruits cultivated in the Garden of the London Horti- 
cultural Society. Lond. 1826. 8vo. 
Hort. Trans. 251. Transactions of the London Horticultural Society. Lond. 1815 1831. 7 vol*. 

4to. New series commenced in 1831, and continued. 
Jlort. Worlifx.. 1238. Description of the Gardens of Worlitz. 
Horti Rcgti Hamptonicnsjs. 40. MS. No. 3370. in the British Museum. 
H'irtis. 21)08. Gesner (C.), Catalogus Plantarum Alphabeticus. Tiguri, 1542. 4to. 
Hi rtux Addlcstonesis. PS". By Mr. Cree. Lond. 18.57. 12mo. 
}irtus Americanus Europtcus. 69. See Hort. Eurojucux American!!*. 
Hortus Carlsruhanus. 152. Hortus Carlsruhanus, oder Verzeichniss sammtlicher Gewachse, &c. 

Herausgegeben von Garten- inspector Hartweg. Carlsruhe, 1825. 8vo. 
Hortux Mcdicus EeHnlmrgentii. Ink See StUkfrland'i Hortus Medicus Edttibttrgentit, 
Hortus Elthamenxis. 235. Joh. Jac. Dillenius, Hortus Elthamensis. Londini, 1732. 2 vols. fol. 
Hiiss Anli-it. 164^1 See Anlclt. die /><//////< und Straue/ie Ocstcrrcichs, SfC. 

//rV.v.v'.v (irHK-iiifiixslic/H- Anlfitun's, (S-c. 2^205. See Anlcit. die Bourne und Strauchc Ocslerrcichs, &c. 
Host Fl. Austr. 13! . See Host's Fl. Aitstr. 
Host's Fl. Austr. 1454. N. T. Host, Flora Austriaca. Vienn. 18271831. 2 vols. 8vo. 

^ -1. Austr. 1454. Host's Salix. Vienna, folio. 

Hint's Sijnuj .t. i ;iS. Id., Synopsis Plantarum in Austria crescentium. Vindobona?, 1797. 8vo. 
Howl Voyage en Sidle. IM-S'. Ilouel (Jean), Voyage Pittoresque des lies de Sicile, de Make, et 

de Lipari, &c. Paris, 1782. 4 torn, folio. 
Hottst. Phil. Trans, ct Reli(). Houst. 127(5. Houston in Philosophical Transactions: and Josephus 

Hanks, Reliquia? Houstoriiana. 1 . Londini, 1781. 4to. 
Houtt. rjiimt. 'J.J5. See Hoittf. Pfl. Syst. 
Hotttt. Pfl. Si/st. 648. Mark Houttuyn, DCS Ritters von Linne Pflanzen-system nach der Anleitung 

des Houttuynschen "W'erks. Nurnbcrg, 1778 1788. 14 vols. 8vo. 
Howc/l's Hist, of the H'orM. 1353. An Institution of General History; or, the History of the 

World, from the Beginning, to the Death of Constantine Ducas, Anno 1061. London 

lti.'. Folio. 



CCV1 LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Howttt's Book of the Seasons. 1480. W. Hewitt's Book of the Seasons ; or, the Calendar of Nature. 

Lond. 1831. Ifirao. 
Huds. Fl. AngL 772. William Hudson, Flora Anglica. Lond. 1762, 1 vol. 8vo. Ed 2. Lond. 

1778, 2 vols. 8vo. 
Humb. et Bonpl. PI. Equin. 1173. Alexand. F. H. von Humboldt et Bonpland, Plantes equinoxi- 

ales. Paris, 18081816. 2 vols. fol. 

Humb. et Bonpl. Nov. Gen. et Sp. PI. 1529. See H. B. et Kunth Nov. Gen. gfc. 
Hunt's Foliage : Evergreens. 2122. Leigh Hunt's Foliage, Poems. Lond. 12mo. 
Hunt. Evel. Syl. 1911. See Hunter's Evelyn. 

Hunter's Evelyn. 45. Evelyn's Silva, with Notes. By A. Hunter, M.D. York, 177fi. 2 vols. 4to. 
Hunter's (Admiral) Journal of Transactions at Port Jackson and Norfolk Island. 2442. An Historical 

Account of the Transactions at Port Jackson and Norfolk Island. By Admiral John Hunter. 

Lond. 1793. 4to. 

Husbandry of Scotland. 369. An Account of the System of Husbandry adopted in the more im- 
proved Districts of Scotland, &c. Edinb. 1812. 8vo. 
Hutchins's Account of Dorsetshire. 1758. The History and Antiquities of the County of Dorset, &c. 

Lond. 1774. Folio. 

H. Wob. 1087. See Hort. Eric. Woburn. 
Hymn to Delos. 1725. Callimachus's Hymn and Epigrams. 

I. 

Iconographia Rustica. 80. Iconographia ; or, the Nobleman, Gentleman, and Gardener's Recreation, 
&c. By Stephen Switzer. Lond. 1718. 3 vols. 8vo. 

Iliad. 1382. Homer's Iliad, translated by Pope. 

Illust. Brit. Ent. 1483. See Stephens 's Illust. 

Illustrations. 386. See Illustrations and Descriptions of the Camcllitce. 

Illustrations and Descriptions of the Camelliece.. 382. See Chandl. III. 

Illustrations of the Botany, $c., of the Himalayan Mountains. 173. See Royle Illust. Bot. Hi- 
malayas. 

Incidents of Travels in Egypt, $c. 2605. By an American. Lond. 1837. 2 vols. 8va 

Index Plantarum Agri Erfordiensis. 1409. By J. Planer. Gotha?, 1788. 8vo. 

Insect Architecture. 1826. Insect Architecture, forming Vols. VII. and VIII. of the Library of En- 
tertaining Knowledge. Lond. 1830. 12mo. 

Insects of Georgia. 1360. See Abbott and Smith's Insects of Georgia. 

Insect Transform. 1819. Insect Transformations, being Vol. VI. of the Library of Entertaining 
Knowledge. Lond. 1330. 12mo. 

Ins. Suec. 2141. L. Gyllenhal, Insecta Suecica descripta. Scaris et Lips. 18081827- 4 vols. 8vo. 

Institutiones. 2103. Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, Institutiones Rei Herbaria?. Cur. A. De Jussieu. 
Paris, 17171719. 3 vols. 4to. 

Introd. to Bot. 213. See Lindl. Introd. to Bot. 

Introduction to Botany. 78. By James Lee. London, 1760. Ed. 2. 1765; ed. 3., 1776; ed. 4., 
1794. 8vo. 

Irish Farmer's and Card. Mag. 108. Irish Farmer's and Gardener's Magazine. Conducted by 
Martin Doyle and Edmund Murphy. In monthly numbers. Dublin, 1834. 8vo. 

Irish Tour. 1226. Tour in Ireland; with general Observations on the State of that Country, made 
in 1776 1779. By Arthur Young. Dublin, 1780. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Irvine's BracSbridge Hall. 1752. Bracebridge Hall; or, the Humourist. By Geoffry Crayon. 
>nd. 1816. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Isis. 741. Isis, Oder Encyclopadische Zeit., herausgegeben von Oken. Large 4to, monthly. 

Isle of Palms. 1701. Wilson's (Professor) Isle of Palms, City of the Plague, &c. Lond. 2 
vols. 8vo. 

Issues of the Exchequer. 1353. Lond. 1837. 8vo. 

Itin. Curios. 1768. Stukely (W.), Itinerarium Curiosum ; or, an Account of the Antiquities and 
Remarkable Curiosities observed in Travels through Great Britain. 100 plates. Lond. 

J. 

Jac. Sc. 1277. See Jacq. Hort. Sckb'n. 

Jacq. Austr. 236. N. J. Von Jacquin, Flora? Austriaca?, sive Plantarum selectarum in Austria? 
Archiducatu sponte crescentium Icones, ad vivam colorata?, et Descriptionibus ac Synonymis 
illustrate?. Vienna?, 17731778. 5 vols. fol. pi. 200. 

Jacq. Aust. Append. 598. See Jacq. Austr. 

Jacq. Col. 323. Id., Collectanea ad Botanicum, &c., epectantia. Vindobona?, 17861790. 4 vols. 4to. 
Vol. V. sive Supplementum. 1796. 

Jacq.f. Eel. 238. See Jacq.fil. Eel. 

Jacq.fil. Eel. 238. Jos. Franc. Von Jacquin. Ecloifa? Botanica?. Vienna, 18111816. Fol. 

Jacq. Frag. 400. N. J. Von Jacquin, Fragmenta Botanica. Vienna, 18001809. Fol. 

Jacq. Ger. Gall. Prov. 336. See Ger. Gallo-Prov. 

Jacq. Hort. Schbn. 240. Id., Plantarum rariorum Horti Ca?sarci Schoenbrunensis, Vienna, 1797 
1804. 4 vols. fol. 

Jacq. Hort. Vin. 348. Id., Hortus Botanicus Vir.dobonensis. Vindobona?,1770 1776. 3 voU. fol. 

Jacq. Icon. 297. See Jacq. Icon. Rar. 

Jaeq. Icon. Rar. 319. Id., Icones Plantarum rariorum. Vindobonae, 1781 1793. 3 vols. fol. 

Jacq. Misc. 1257. Id., Miscellanea Austriaca ad Botanicam, etc., spectantia. Vindobona?, 1778 
-1781. 2 vols. 4to. 

Jacq. Obs. 599. Id., Observationes Botanica?. Vindobona?, 1764 1771. 4 fasc. fol. 

Jacquin Ueber den Ginkiro. 149. Jos. Franc. Von Jacquin, Ueber den Ginkgo. Wien. 1819. 8vo. 

Jacq. Vind. 345. See Jacq. Hort. Vin. 

Jam. Jour. 2113. See Jameson's Journal. 

Jameson's Journal. 2111. See Edin. Phil. Journ. 

James's Gardening. 2008. The Theory and Practice of Gardening ; wherein is fully handled all 
that relates to fine Gardens, commonly called Pleasure. Gardens. By John James of Green- 
wich. London, 1728. 4to. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCV11 

Janua Trtlinguis. 1339. Janua Linguarum rcserata, Lat., Anglicfe, et Gallic*. By John Amos 
Conu-mus. Li'siiijv, lt>31. 8vo. 

Jesse's meanings. S-10. Gli-aiiings in Natural History. By Edward Jesse, Esq. London, 1832. 
Svo. 

Jewish Antiquities. 1902. Moses and Aaron ; or, the Civil and Ecclesiastical Rites used among the 
Ancient Hebrews, observed ; \r. Hy Thomas Godwin, or (ioodwyn. Oxford, Iti^ii. 4to. 

Johnston's >J)r.) Flora Qf Berwick VfO* ZW .>!-. Flora of Herwirk upon Tweed. ]5y G. John- 
ston, D.I). 1829 and IS.il. 2 vols. Svo. VoL 1. containing the Pha?nogamous, and VoL II. the 
Cryptogamous, Plants. 

Johns, Ger. tv>9. St-e Ger. Em. 

Johnson's Gerard. vi;>. See Ger. Em. 

Jour. Phys. 24,i. See Journ. dc Physique. 

Jnurn. dc Physique. 1826. Paris, 177.), and continued. 4to. 

Jour. R. Inat. 1491. Journal ot Sch-nre and the Arts. Edited by W. T. Brandeof the Royal Insti- 
tution of Great Britain. Loud. 1810. Svo. Continued annually. 

Journ. Acad. Set. PhUad. 647. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 1817, 
continued. Svo. 

Journ. Hort. Tour. 1965. See Journal of a Horticultural Tour. 

Journ. of Bot. 111)5. See Journal qf Botany. 

Journ. of Geo. Soc. 1982. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society. London, 18301837. 
7 vols. Svo. 

Journ. of Travels in Albania. 2042. Some Account of a Journey into Albania, Romelia, and other 
Provinces of Turkey, in 1S(,1) and IS 10. By Sir John Cam Hobhouse. Lond. 1812. 4to. 

Journal. 2430. See Moorcroft's Journal. 

Journal, ^c. 919. See Bishop Hcbcr's. 

Journal d' Agriculture des Pays-Bas. 1354. Brussels. In monthly numbers Svo. 

Journal de Botanique. 1844. Dcsvaux, Journal de Botanique. Paris, 1808 1S14. 5 vols. 8vo. 

Journal de la Sociefc d' Agriculture Pratique. 1358. Paris, 1834. Svo. 

Journal d'Hist. Nat. 1843. Journal d'Histoire Naturelle. Paris, 1792. Svo. 

Journal des Forcls. 6*16. Paris. Svo. 

Journal of a Horticultural Tour. 1243. By Dr. Neill. Edinb. 1823.. Svo. 

Journal of a Residence in Norway. 2173. See Laings Journal. 

Journal of a Residence in Norway, during the lears 1834, 1835, and 1836. 2304. See Laing's 
Journal, ffc. 

Journal of Botany. 1414. The Journal of Botany ; being a Second Series of the Botanical Miscellany. 
By Sir VV. J. Hooker, LL.D. Lond. 1834. Svo. 

Journal of Science. 1749. See Jour. ft. Inst. 

Journal of the Asiatic Society of India. 393. Lond. 1830. Svo. 

Journal of the Transactions at Port Jackson and Norfolk Island. 2442. See Hunter's (Admiral) 
Journ. 

Journey, $c. 786. Journey from India to England, in the Year 1797, &c. By John Jackson. 
London, 1804. 8vo. 

Journey from Aleppo to Jerusalem. 2410. Journey from Aleppo to Jerusalem at Easter, 1697. By 
Henry Maundrell, M.A. Oxford, 1703. 4to. 

Juss. Ann. du Mus. 398. Jussieu in Annales du Musee. 

Juss. Gen. 377. Antoine-Laurent De Jussieu, Genera Plantarum. Paris, 1789. Svo. 

Juss. Gen. ed. Usteri. li'61. Id., Ditto ed. Usteri. Turici, 1791. Svo. 

K. 

Kccmp. Amotn. Exotica. 253. Engelbert Kaempfer, Amcenitatum Exoticarum Politico- Physico- 

Medicarum Fasciculi quinque, &c. Lemgow, 1712. 4to. 
Keempf. Ic. 283. Id., Icones selects; Plantarum, c. Londini, 1791. Fol. 
Kal. 1478. See Sang's Planter's Kalcndar. 
Kalendar. 2512. See Calendaring Ilortense. 
Kalrn Act. Sufc. 1359. Kalm in Ditto. See Ditto. 
Kalm Amcen. 1125. See Amccn. Acad. 
Kalm It. 1:301. Kalm (P.), Travels into North America. Translated by J. Forstcr. Lond. 

1770,1771. Svo. 
Kasthofer's I'oyage dans les Petits Cantons, et dans les Alpcs Rhetiennes. 2276. Geneva, 1827. 

Svo. 

Kcats's Poems. 1320. London, 1816. Svo. 
Kennion's Essay on Trees in Landscape.. 14. London, 1816. 
Kenriek's American Orchardiat. !)-!. The New American Orchardist; or, Account of the most 

valuable Varieties of Fruits adapted for Cultivation in the United States. By William Kenrick. 

Boston, 1833. Svo. 
Kenrid:'s American Kilh-Grmwr' s Guide. 1351. The American Silk-Grower's Guide; or, the Art of 

raising the Mulberry and Silk on the System of Successive Crops in each Season. Id. Boston, 

U. S. 1835. Small Svo. 
Ker Bot. Reg. 358. See Jl,,t. Keg. 

Key to Structural, PlottMogtcal, and Systematic Botany. 222. See Lindley's Key. 
King's Surrey of the Coast ,f Australia. 2;">9l. London, 1826. Svo. 
Kirby ,ind Sue nee'. <i Intrt'iliictit<n to r.nt^niiiii^n/ . 618. An Introduction to Entomology ; or, Elements 

of the Natural History of Insects, &c. By William Kirby, M. A.,&c., and William Spence, F\LS. 

&c. I^ondon, 1815, 2 voU. Svo. New ed., London, 1826, 4 vols. Svo. 
Kniph. Ceit.'. 1014. Joh. Hier. Kniphoff, Botanica in Originali seu Herbarium vivum, Centurise 12. 

Hala-, 1757 17. Fol. 
Knoop Pomol. 891. Joh. Herm. Knoop, Pomologia. Ed. Holl., Leeuwarden, 1758. Ed. Gall 

Amsterdam, 1771. Fol. 
Kn.n-i- !).'(. 1049. Goorg. Wolfgang Knorr, Delicias Natural selectae, oder Auserlessene, &c 

Nurnberg, 17661767. 2 vols fol. 
Knorr His. 238. Sec Knorr Then. 
Knorr Thes. 1249. Id., Thesaurus Ret Herbaria hortensisque universal. Nournbcrg, 1770 1772 

-2 voU. fol. 
Kob. 145. Walnc Ursachc der Baumtrokniss der Nadcl-walder. Nurnberg, 1786. 4to. 



CCV111 LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Koch's Comm. 14<34. De Salicibus Europreis Commentatio. Auctore O. D. J. Koch. Erlangen, 

1828. I'-'mo. 
Krock. Ft. Sil. 755. Ant. Joh. Krockcr, Flora Silesiaca ronovata. Vratislavise, 17871790. 2 vols. 

8vo. 

Krock. Silcs. 761. Sec Krock. Fl. Sil. 

Kth. XOK. Sf>. Amer. 309. See H. B. et Kunth Nov. Gen., ftc. 
Kunth Nui>. den. At/i. 481. See H. B. ct Kunth Xov. Gen. $<. 



Lab. PI. Syr. Dec. 702. See Labillard Ic. Plant., S(C. 

l.abill. Nov. Cat. 663. LabillardieTe (J. J.), Sertum Austro-Caledonicum. Paris, 1824. Fol. 

Labill. Nov. Holl. 357. See Labill. Specim. 

l.abill. PL Syr. 1213. See l.alnllard Ic. Plant., &c. 

l.abill. Specim. Nov. Holl. 2102. Jac. Jul. Labillardiere, Nova? Hollandia? Plantarum Specimen. 

Paris, 18041806. 2 vols. fol. 
Labillard. Ic. Plant. Syr. 2494. Id., Icones Plantarum Syria? rariorum. Decades v. Paris, 1791 

1812. 5 vols. 4to. 

Lady of the Lake. 2493. By Sir Walter Scott. 
La Gerusalemme Liber ata. 1382. See Gerusalemmc Liber ata. 
Lag. Gen. et Spec. 333. Mar. Lagasca, Genera et Species Plantarum qua? aut Nova? aut nondum 

recte cognoscuntur. Madriti, 1816. 4to. 

Laing's Journal of a Residence in Norway. 2173. London, 1836. 8vo. 
I. (ihm's Norway. 1654. See Laing's Journal. 

La Mafson de Campagne. 138. Par Made. Aglae Adanson. Paris, 1826. 8vo. 
Lam. Diet. Encyc. 233. Jean Bapt. Monet de la Marck, Encyclopedic Mthodique Botanique. 

Paris, 17831796. 4 vols. 4to. VoL V. et seq., see Pair. Diet. 
Lam. III. 255. Id., Illustration des Genres. 2 vols. of text, and 900 pis. 
Lamarck MS. 1452. 

Lamb. Gen. Pin. 1934. See Lambert's Monograph, %c. 
Lamb. Pin., ed. 2. 2208. See Lambert's Monograph, $c. 
Lambert's Monograph of the Genus Pinus. 188. A Description of the Genus Pinus. By Aylmer 

Kourke Lambert, Esq., F.R.S., Pres. Linn. Soc. &c. London, 1832. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Land Steward. 1223. The Nobleman, Gentleman, Land Steward, and Surveyor's Complete Guide, 

&c. London, 1787. 8vo. 

Landscape-Gardener. 129. See Davis's (Dennis's] Landscape-Gardencr. 
Language of Flower*. Ufa. London, 1834. 12mo. 

L'Annuaire du Cultivateur. 615. L'Annuaire, &c. Par G. Romme. Paris, 1795. Svo. 
Lunth Ac. 420. Lanth (Th.), Dissertatio de Acere. Strasburg, 1781. 4to. 
Lap. Hist, des PL des Pyrenees. 2209. See La Peyr. Abr. 
Lapeyr. Abr. 353. See La Peyr. Abr. 
La Pcyr. Abr. 588. Philippe Picot de la Peyrouse, Histoire abregee des Plantes des Pyrenees. 

Toulouse, 1813. Svo. 

La Peyrouse. Sup/). Fl. Pyrcn. 2209. Id., Supplement to the above. Toulouse, 1818. Svo. 
La llosilre <lc Salency. 792. A Drama, in Madame de Genlis's Theatre d'E'ducation. London, 

1788. 12mo. 
Latr. Hist. Gcncr. 2140. Latreille (P. A.), Considerations Generates sur les Animaux composant 

les Classes ties Crustaces, des Arachnides, et des Insectes. Paris, 1810. Svo. 
Ladder's Gilpin. 90. Gilpin's Forest Scenery. Edited by Sir Thos. Dick Lauder. Edinburgh, 

1834. 2 vols. Svo. 

Lawr. Ros. 750. A Collection of Roses from Nature. By Miss Lawrence. London, 1799. Fol. 
Lawrie Todd. 2138. A novel by Gait. 
Lawson's Manual 2157. See Agric. Manual. 

Laxm. Nov. Act. Pet. 682. Laxmann in Nova Acta Acad. Petr. See Nova Acta., %c. 
Le lion Jardinier. 189. See Bon Jard. 
Le Botaniste Cultivateur. 189. See Botanistc Cultivateur. 
Le Langage des Fleurs. 623. Paris. 12mo. 

L'Echo du Monde Savant. 2529. A French periodical. Paris, 1834, and continued. 
Led. Fl. Ross. Alt. III. 727. See Led. Icon. $c. 
Led. Icon. PI. Fl. Ross. 2338. C. F. Ledebour, Icones Plantarum novarum vel imperfecte cogni 

tarum, Floram Rossicam, imprimis Altaicam, illustrantes. Riga?, &c., 1829. Fol. pi. 100. 
Ledeb. Ind. Hort. Dorp. Suppl. 691. Ledebour, Supplement to the Catalogue of Plants in Dorpat 

Garden for 1824. 

Legacy, $c. 1353. By Samuel Hartlib. Ed. 2., 1G51 ; ed. 3., 1655. 

Le.hm. Pot. Diss. 747. J. G. C. Lehman, Monographia Generis Potcntillarum. Lipsia?, 1820. 4to. 
Lcitch Ritchie's Journey to St. Petersburg and Moscow, 1836. 625. London. Svo. 
Lcjcune FL Spa. 798. A. L. S. Lejeune, Flore des Environs de Spa. Liege, 1811 i813. 2 vols. Svo. 
Lcmpriere's Class. Diet. 1307. Lempriere's Classical Dictionary. 2084. London, 1792. Svo. 
Lend. Javanica. 1820. A Descriptive Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects contained in the 

Museum of the East India Company. By Dr. T. Horsfield. London, 1828, 1829. 4to. 
Les Agremcns de la Campagne, $c. 367. Lcyden and Amsterdam, 1750. 4to. 
les Annalesde Fromont. 189. See Annales dc Fromont. 
Les Jardins. 2472. A poem by 1'Abbe Delille. 
Les Obs., %c., en Gr&ce, Asie, et uutres Pays etrangers. 1554. Pierre Belon, ou Bellon, Leg 

Observations de plusieurs Singularites trouvees en Grece, Asie, Judee, E'gypte, Arabic. Paris, 

1554, 4to. Ed. 2., Anvers, 1555, Svo. 

7 cs Plaisirs du Gentilhomme Chmnpetre. 941. A poem by Nicholas Rapin. 
Les Roses. 749. Les Roses. Par J. P. Redoute : avcc le Texte, par C. A. Thory. Paris, 1817. 

3 vols. 4to. 
Les I'tgi'tnux Resineux, $c. 2051. I>cs Vegeteaux Resineux, tant incligtnos qu 'exotiques. Par 

F. S. Duplessy. Paris, 1802. 4 vols. Svo. 

Lessing's Synopsis Generum Compositarum. 10_G3. Berolini, 18H2. Svo. 
letter un a new Way of planting Acorns. 1787. Sec Mi Iliad for decreasing the Consumption of 

Timber in the Navy, 'Sfc. By T. Nichols. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFER UK D TO. CC1X 

Letters. 1770. Letters addressed to a young Gentleman, on the Subject of Literature, &c. By 

C. Davy. London, 1789. 8vo. 
Letters, bl.' Letters written by the late Jonathan Swift, and several of his Friends, from the Year 

1703 to 1704. Published from the original, with Notes by J. Hawkesworth. London, 1767. 

3 vols. 8vo. 
Lettre tur le liobinier. 616. Lettre sur le Hobinicr, &c. By M. Francois dc Neufchateau Paris, 

1803. 12mo. 

L'Her. Stirp. Nov. 255. See L'Herit. Stirp. Nov. 

L'Herit. Corn. 1010. C. L. L'Heritier, Cornus seu Specimen Botanicum, &c. Paris, 1788. Fol. 
L'HtSrit. Diss. 1062. Id., Dissertationcs, nempe Louichea, Buchozia, Michauxia, Hymeiiopappus, 

Virgilia, Michauxia. Paris. Fol. 

L'H,'rit. Hart. Par. 14H>. L'Heritier in Hortus Parisiensis. 
I.'H.'rit. Sert. 475. Si-e 7///.V/7 .SV/7. Anal. 

L'II, : rit. Scrt. Angl. 10t>9. Id., Sertum Anglicum seu Plantae rariores, &c. Paris, 1788. Fol. 
i: H,> it. Stirp. Nov. 634. Id., Stirpes novae aut minus cognitae. Paris 1784, 1785. 6 fasc. fol. 
L' Jim/Hire Naturclle de la Hose. "49. J. L. M. Guilleman, Histoire Naturelle de la Rose. Paris, 

I'MIO. 8VO. 

L'Homme dcs Champs. 1507. L'Homme dcs Champs, ou les Georgiques Francaises, avec des Notes. 

Par J. Delisle. Strasbourg, 1799. 8vo. 

Life and Posthumous Writings of II'. Cawper. 1764. By Wm. Hayley. Chich. 1804. 4 vols. Svo. 
Life of Constantine. 1720. The History of the Church, and Eusebius's Life ot Constantine. London, 

l(w(). Fol. 

Life of Lord Kaims. 94. See Woodhouselce's Life of Lord Kaims. 
Lightf. Scot. 765. Flora Scotica ; or, a Systematic Arrangement, in the Linnaean Method of the 

native Plants of Scotland and the Hebrides. By John Lightfoot. London, 1777, 2 vols. Svo ; 

2d ed. 1789. 

Lin. Amcen. 231. See Linn. Amcen. Acad. 
Lin. Amcen. Acad. 1314. Carolus Linnaeus s. Von Linne, Amoenitates academicae, seu Diss. antehac 

seorsim edita?. Holmia? ct Lipsiae, 1749 et seq., 10 vols. 8voj ed. 2., Holmias, 1762 et seq. ; ed. 

3., cur. J. C. D. Schrebero, Erlanga?, 17871790. 
Lin. Eric. 1087. Linnaeus (Car.), de Erica, in Amcen. Acad. 1770. 

Lin. Fil. Supp. 475. Carolus Linnaeus films, Supplementum Plantarum. Brunsvigae, 1781. Svo. 
Lin. Ft. Lapp. 1106. Carolus Linnums s. Von Linne, Flora Lapponica. Amstelodami, 1737, Svo; 

ed. 2., cur. J. E. Smith, Eq. Londini, 1792. 
Lin. Gen. 246. Id., Genera Plantarum. Leida?, 1737; ed. 2., Leidae, 1742; ed. 3., Leida;, 1752; 

ed. 4., Holmia?, 1754; ed. 5., Holmiae, 1764; ed. 6., Vienna?, 1767; ed. 7., cur. J. J. Reichard, 

Francof. Maen. 1778; each 1 vol. Svo: ed. 8., cur. J. C. D. Schreber, Francof. Maen. 17891791, 

2 vols. Svo. 

Lin. Gen. PI. ed. Schreber. 1290. See Lin. Gen., ed. viii. 
Lin. Hart. Cliff. 1261. Id., Hortus Cliffbrtianus. Amstelodami, 1737. FoL 
Lin. Hort. Ups. 1292. Id., Hortus Upsaliensis. Stockholm, 1748. Svo. 
Lin. Matit. 256. Id., Mantissa Plantarum altera. Holm. 1771. Svo. 
Lin. Mat. Med. 552. Id., Materia Medica. Holmia?, 1749. Ed. Schreber, 1772. 
Lin Seb. Thes. 542. See Seba Thesaur. 
Lin. Sp. 233. See Lin. Sp. PI. 
Lin. Sp. Plan. 522. Id., Species Plantarum. Ed. L, Holmia?, 1753, 2 vols. Svo ; ed. 2., Holmia?, 

1762, 1763, 2 vols. Svo ; ed. 3., Vindobonae, 1764 ; ed. 4., by J. J. Reichard, Francof. Maen. 1779, 

1780, 4 vols. Svo ; ed. 5., by C. L. Willdenow, Berolini, 17971810, 5 vols. Svo. 
Lin. Syst. Nat. 1893. Linnaeus (Carl.), Systema Natura?. Lugd. Bat. 1735. Folio. 
Lin. Syst. Veg. 595. J. A. Murray, C. Linnaei Systema Vegetabilium. Gottingae et Gothaa, 1744; 

Gottingae, 1784 ; Parisiis, 1798. 
Lin. Trans. 55. Transactions of the Linnaean Society of London. London, 1791, and continued. 

17 vols. 4to. 
Lind. Wicksb. 1706. Linder seu Linderstolpe (J.), Flora Wicksbergensis. Stockholm, 1760, Svo; 

ed. 2., 1728. 
Lindl. Cull. 932. Collectanea Botanica ; or, Figures, &c., of rare and curious Exotic Plants. By 

Dr. Lindley, F.R.S., &c. Loud. 1821. Fol. 

Lindl. Hort. Trans. 701. Dr. Lindley in the Horticultural Society's Transactions. See Hort. Trans. 
Lindl. Introd. to Rot. 694. Id., Introduction to Botany. London, 1832, Svo; ed. 2., London, 183S. 
Lindl. Introd. to N. S. 292. See Lindley's Introduction to the Natural Si/stem. 
Lindl. Lin. Trans. 931. Dr. Lindley in the Linnaean Society's Transactions. See Lin. Trans. 
Lindl. MSS. 19.34. Dr. Lindley's MSS. 

Lmdl. Nat. Syst. of Hot. 935. See Lindley'' s Introduction to the Natural System. 
Lindl. Ron. Mon. 748. Id., Rosarum Monograph**. London, 1820. Svo. 
Lindl. Synops. 28. Id., A Synopsis of the British Flora, &c. London, 1829. Small Svo. Ed. 2. 

Lindley 1 s Introduction to the Natural System. 222. Id., An Introduction to the Natural System of 

Botany. London, 1830, Svo. Ed. 2. 1835. 
Lindii'i/'x Key. 265. Id., A Key to Structural, Physiological, and Systematic Botany, for the use of 

( L.M-S. By Dr. Lindley, F.R.S., &c. London, 1835. Svo. 
Link Enum. 327. H. F. Link, Enumeratio Plantarum Horti Regii Botanic! Berolinensis altera. 

Berol. 1821, 1822. 2 vols. Svo. 

Link ct Otto Abbild. 9S3. See Abbild. der Deutschen Holzarten. 
Link Bert. Abfiand. 2598. See Abhand. Acad. Rcrl. 

Link Jahrb. 1204. H. F. Link, Jahrbucher der Gewachskunde. Berlin, 1820. Svo. 
Linn&a. 948. F. L. Von Schlechtendahl, Linnsa : ein Journal fur die Botanik in ihrem ganzem 

Umfange. Berlin and Halle, 18261838. 10 vols. Svo. Continued. 
Linnu-an Correspondence. 54. A Selection of the Correspondence of Linnaeus and other Naturalists, 

from the Original Manuscripts By Sir J. E. Smith. London, 1821. 2 vols. Svo. 
Litt o.f the Plants collected in Hoss's Voyage. 1602. By R. Brown, in Ross'a Voyage. London. 

1836. 4to. 

Literary Panorama. 1778. A weekly periodical London, 1815. 
Lob. Adn. 58*5. See L'Obefi Adversaria. 

Lob. Icon. 549. Mathias De Lobel seu Lobelius, Stirpium Icones. Antverpije, 1591. 4to. 
JL'Ofef* Adversaria. 35. Id., Stirpium Adversaria nova, &c. Ix>ndon, 1605. Fol. 
Load. Sot. Cab. 250. The Botanical Cabinet By Conrad Loddiges and Sons. London, 18171834. 

20 vols. I'.'mo and 4to. 

bb 



CCX LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Lodd. Cat. 473. A Catalogue of Plants,' &c., in the Hackney Establishment. By Messrs. Loddiges. 

Published annually. 12mo. 
Loefl. Res. 1079. Petr. Ldfling, Rega til spanska landerna. Ed. Linn. Stockh. 1758, 8vo ; ed. Germ. 

Berl. 1766, 8vo. 

Loes. Pruss. 167H. Joh. Loeselius, Flora Prussica. Regiomonti, 1703. 4to. 
Lois. Fl. Gall. 586. Loiseleur Deslongchamps, Flora Gallica. Parisiis, 1806, 1807- 2 vols. 12mo. 
Lois. Herb. Amat. 259. M. Loiseleur Deslongchamps, in Herbier de 1' Amateur, a French 

periodical. 

Lois. Not. 575. Id., Notice sur les Plantes a ajouter a la Flore de France. Paris, 1810. 8vo. 
Lois. Nouv. Diet. 977. Loiseleur des Longchamps (J. L. A. M), Nouveau Dictionnaire d'Histoire 

Naturelle. 1816, continued. 36 vols. 

Loiseleur Deslongchamp's Histoire du Cldre. 2411. See Histoire du CMre. 
London and Wise's Retired Gardener. 364 The Retired Gardener : being a Translation of 

Le Jardinier Solitaire, &c. By George London and Henry Wise. London, 1706. 2 vols. 

8vo. 

London Horticultural Society's Catalogue of Fruits. 738. See Hort. Soc. Cat. of Fruits. 
London Horticultural Society's Transactions. 10 j. See Hort. Trans. 
Lonicer's History of Plants. 609. Lonicerus (A.), Botanicon Plantarum Historian earumdem ad 

vivum artificiose expressis Iconibus. Frankf. 1565. Folio. 
London's H. B. 389. See Hort. Brit. 
Lour. Cock. 235. See Lour. Fl. Cochin. 
Lour. Fl. Cochin. 679. Joannes De Loureiro, Flora Cochinchinensis. Ullyssipone, 1790, 2 vols. 

4to; Ed. 2., cur. C. L. Willdenow, Berolini, 1793, 2 vols. 8vo. 
Lowth's Trans. 1717. New Translation of Isaiah, &c. By the Rev. R. Lowth. London, 1791. 

12mo. 
Ludw. Ectypa Vee. 1343. C. G. Ludwig, Ectypa Vegetabilium Usibus medicis destinatorum, &c. 

Hall*, 1760. Fol. 

Lyon Herb. 1114. Lyon's Herbarium. 
Lyonnet Mem. Posth. 1821. Lyonnet (P.), Recherches sur 1'Anatomie et les Metamorphoses des 

differentes Especes d'Insectes. Ouvrage posthume, public par M. W. De Haau. Paris, 

1832. 4to. 
Lyson's Environs of London. 43. Environs of London, &c. By the Rev. Daniel Lysons, A.M., c. 

London, 1796. 4 vols. 4to. 

M. 

Macbeth. 919. One of Shakspeare's Plays. 
Mackay Fl. Hibern. 2153. See Mackay's Irish Flora. 
Mackay's Flora Hibernica. 1118. See Mackay's Irish Flora. 

Mackay's Irish Flora. 107. Flora Hibernica ; comprising the Flowering Plants, Ferns, Characeae, 
Musci, Hepaticae, Lichenes, and Alga? of Ireland, &c. By J. T. Markay, M.R.I. A., &c. Dub- 
lin, 1836. 8vo. 
Mackay's List of Irish Plants. 575. A Catalogue of the Plants found in Ireland, with Descriptions 

of some of rarer sorts. Id. Dublin, 18-25. 4to. 
Mag. of Bot. and Zoo/. 2147. Magazine of Zoology and Botany, Conducted by Sir W. Jardine, 

Bart. ; P. J. Selby, Esq. ; and Dr. Johnston, in 1836, 1837. Continued now (1838) under 

the title of Annals of Natural History (including Geology), superintended by the same 

gentlemen, in conjunction with Sir W. J. Hooker. London, 8vo. Published every two 

months. 
Magaz. Encyclop. 1828. Millin's Magazin Encyclopedique, ou Journal des Sciences, &c. Paris, 

1795, &c. 8vo. 
Magazine of Nat. Hist. 21. Magazine of Natural History. Conducted by J. C. Loudon, F.L.S., &c. 

Lond. 1828. 8vo, publishing in monthly numbers. 10 vols. now published (1838). 
Magn. Bot. 336. See Magnol Bot. 
Magn. Hort. Monsp. 606. See Magn. Monsp. 

Magn. Monsp. 1906. Id., Hortus Regius Monspeliensis. Monspelii, 1697. 8vo. 
Magnol Bot. 889. Petrus Magnol, Botanicon Monspeliense. Monspelii, 1686. 12mo. 
Maitland's Hist, of Edin. 87. Maitland's (W.) History of Edinburgh, from its Foundation to the 

present Time. Edinburgh, 1753. Folio. 
Malcolm's London. 786. Londinum Redivivum ; or, an Ancient History, and Modern Description, 

of London. Lond. 18021805. 4 vols, 4to. 
Man. 2154. See Agricult. Manual. 
Manning and Bray's Surrey. 25. The History and Antiquities of Surrey. By Owen Manning. 

Lond. 1804. Folio. 
Mant. 692. See Lin. Mant. 
Mantissa. 2095. See Lin. Mant. 
Manwood on Forest Law. 1751. Treatise on the Laws of the Forest and of the Purlieu. By John 

Man wood. Lond. 1565. Sm. 4to. 
Marnock's Fl. Mag. 2542. Marnock's (R.) Floricultural Magazine and Miscellany of Gardening. 

Lond. 1836. In monthly Nos. 8vo. 

Marot's Recueil de s Plans, SfC., de plusieurs des Chateaux, Grottes, SfC. 1338. Paris, 1661. 
Marquis, Essai sur les Harmonies Vegttales et Animates du Chene. 1722. See Essai sur les Har- 
monies, 8fc. 
Marsh. Arb. Amer. 499. Humphrey Marshall, Arbustum Americanum : the American Grove, 

&c. Philadelph. 1785. 8vo. 
Marsh. Plant. 1309. See Marshall, SfC. 
Marshall on Planting and Rural Ornament. 1290. Planting and Rural Ornament, &c. Lond. 1785, 

1 vol. 8vo; ed. 2., Lond. 179B, 2 vols. 8vo. Mr. Marshall's name is not put to either edition 
Marl. Fl. Rust. 1731. Flora Rustica. By Thomas Martyn. Lond. 1792-1794. 4 vols. 8vo. 
Mart. Mill. 319. See Martyn's Miller. 

Martin et Rios, Disquisitionum Magtcontm Libri .SV'x. 2020. Lugd. 1608. Folio. 
Martyn's Mill. 303. See Martyn's Milter's Dictionary. 
Martyn's Miller's Dictionary. 280. Gardener's Dictionary ; or, a complete System of Horticulture. 

By Philip Miller, F.R.S. Lond. 1759, 3 vols. fol. j improved edition, edited by Professor 

Martyn, Lond. 1807, 4 vols. fol. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCX1 

Masque qf Queens. 2365. By Ben Jonson. 

Matcria Medica. 1241. Fr. Geortroy, Tractatus de Materia Medica. Paris, 1741, 3 vols. 8vo. 

Vcnetiis, 174-2, 'J vols. 4to. 
Matthew on Naval Timber, #c. 1380. On Naval Timber and Arboriculture ; with critical Notes 

on Authors who have recently treated on the subject of Planting. By Patrick Matthew. 

Ix>nd. 1831. Royal 8vo. 
Matth. Hist. 131?. Matthioli (P. A.), Commentaria in Dioscoridem de Materia Medica. Venice, 

FoL 

Matth. I'ulfjr. 912. Matthioli Opera qu* extant omnia, edidit C. Bauhin. France, 1598. Fol. 
Manna's Botanic Garden. '253. The Botanic Garden ; or, Magazine of Hardy Flowering Plants 

cultivated in Great Britain. By B. Maund, Esq., F.L.S. Begun in 1824, and continued 

monthly. 

M'Cutt. Diet. 677. See M'Culloch's Dictionary, 8(C. 
M'Cttll.ich's Dictionary nf Commerce. i J-'84. A Dictionary, Practical, Theoretical, and Historical, of 

Commerce, \c. By J. R. M'C'ulloch. Ed. 2. Loud. 1834. Svo. 

Mech. Mag. 465. Mechanic's Magazine. Lond. 18231837. 27 vols. Svo. Continued. 
Med. Fl. 479. Medical Flora; or, Manual of the Medical Botany of the United States of North 

America. My C. S. Rafinesque. Philadelphia, 1828. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Med. Geseh. 874." Medicus (F.), Geschichte der Botanik unterer Zeiten. Munich, 1793. Svo. 
Medical Botany. 465. See Stephenson and Churchill's Medical Botany. 
Medical and Philosophical Essays. 2089. Essays, Medical and Experimental ; to which are added 

Select Histories of Diseases. By J. Percival, M.D. Lond. 17671778. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Meerb. Icon. 1012. NicoL Meerburg, Plantarum selectarum Icones pictae. Lugd. Bat. 1798. 

Fol. 

Melville's (Lord) Letter to Spencer Percival, Esq. 1809. Pamph. 8vo. 1810. 
Mem. et Corr. of Pepys. 2603. Memoirs ot Samuel Pepys, Esq.. &c. London, 1828. 5 vols. 

Svo. 

Mem. de Desmarets in Journ. de Physique. 1996. See Journal de Physique. 
Mm. de V Acad. des Scien. 1722. See Memoires de I'Acad. des Sciences. 
Mem. de la Russie M> : ridionale. 687. By Descemet. 
Mem. dcl'Institut. 1385. Memoires de 1'Institut National des Sciences Mathematiques et Phy- 

siques. Paris, 1797, and continued. 4to. 

Mem. Mas. 1982. Memoires du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle. Paris, 1815, 181d 4to. 
Mem. Scien. Mathe. tie C Institut., S(C. 17*7. See Mem. de I'lnst. 
Mem. Soc. Imp. Mosq. 702. See Mem. Soc. Imp. Nat. Mosc. 
Mem. Soc. Nat. Cur. Mas. 1452. See Mdm. Soc. Imp. Nat. Mosc. 
Mem. Soc. Imp. Nat. Mas;. 1932. Memoires de la Societe Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou. 

Moscow, from 1785. 4to. 

Mem. surl'Hist. Nat. du Chene. 1722. Memoires, &c. Par M. De Secondat. Paris, 1782. Fol. 
Mem. \Vern. Soc. 1257. Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society. Edinburgh, 1811, 

and continued. Svo. 

Memoir. 614. Memoir on the common Acacia. Paris, 1786. 
Memoir addressed to the Society of Arts, on the Planting and Rearing of Forest Trees, &c. 617. By 

W. Withers, Esq. 

Memoir on the Date Palm. 142. By A. Michaux. 

Memoir on the Roads of Cephalania. 2328. By Major-General Napier. Lond. 1835. Svo. 
Memoire sur les Chines. 1908. Louis Bosc, Memoires sur les differ^ ntes Especes de Chenes qui 

croissent en France. Paris, 1808. 4to. 

Memoire sur le Figuier. 1369. By Bernard, in the Journal de Physique. Tom. 29. 
Memoire sur le Zelkoua. 1409. See Michx. M<!m. sur le Zelkoua. 

Memoire sur les Marrons dCInde. 147. Par M. Bon de St. Hilaire. Paris, 12mo, and in 4to. 
Memoire sur les Pins. 140. By Fougeroux de Bondaroy ; published in the Memoires de 1' Academic 

des Sciences. 
Memoires. 2145. Memoires pour servir 1'Histoire des Insects. Par C. De Geer. Stockholm, 

1752-1778. Tom. 7.4to. 
Memoires de VAcadtmie des Sciences. 140. Memoires de Mathematique et de Physique, 

presentes a 1' Academic Royale des Sciences, par divers Savans. Paris, 1750, and con- 
tinued. 4to. 
Memoiies d' Agriculture. 1>5. Memoires d' Agriculture, d'E'conomie Rurale et Domestique, &c. 

Paris, 17.^51791. 24 vols. Svo. 

Memoires presents d r Academic des Sciences de St. Petersbourg. 176. See Nov. Act. Pet. 
Mi' moires sur fes Coniferes. 20J>6. Memoires sur les Coniferes et les Cycadees: ouvrage post- 

hume de L. C. Richard, termini et public par Achille Richard fils. Stuttgard et Paris, 

1826; Svo. 
Mi'moires sur les diffi'rcntes Especes de Chene qui eroissent en France, et sur ces E'trangers 

ii r Empire qui se cultivent dans les Jardins et Pe"pinilres des Environs de Paris, Sec. 

1722. By Ludov. Bosc. Published in the Mem. de 1'Instit. National de France, for 

1807. 

Memoirs. 2203. See W'aJ pole's Memoirs. 
Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts. fi!4. Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and 

Sciences. Boston and Charlestown, 1785, and continued. 4to. 
Memoirs of the Literary Societi/ of 'Manchester. I'i51. Memoirs of the Literary and Philosophical 

Society of Manchester. Warrington, 17S5 1816. Svo. 
Memoirs of the Missionaries in the Levant. 2409. A Collection of the most interesting Missionary 

Voyages, &c. London, 1805. 12mo. 

Mrmo.'rs of the Royal Academy of Sciences at Mud fid. 24oii. See Anales de las Cienc. Nat. 
Mi-moria Balfouriuna. Sii. See SibtaUFt M< moria Halfoiiriana. 
Memorial* qf Oxford. 2(7(>. By Dr. Ingram. Oxford, 1832 1887. 3 vols. Svo. 
Mer. /'/. Par. 7h5. F. V. Merat. Nouvelle Flore des Environs de Paris. Paris, 1812. Svo. 
Merry ll'iivs. 1755. Slmk^peare's Merry Wives of Windsor. 
Methods for decreasing the Consumption irf Timber in the Navy, Sfc. 1787. By T. Nichols. London 

1793. Svo. 

Mefhodus Plantarum. 53. See Ray's Methodtis Plantarum. 
Mftzger't Castle of Heidelberg. 147. Historical Description of the Castle of Heidelberg Gardens, 

&c. Heidelberg, 1830. 

bb 2 



CCX11 LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Mexico. 2485. Ward's (H. G.) Mexico in 1827. London, 2 vols. 8ro. 

Mey. Vcn. Pflanz. Cauc 2587. Meyer (C. A.), Verzeichniss der Pflanzen welche wahrend der, &c. 

Petersburg, 1831. 8vo. 

M'Gregor's Sketches of the Maritime Colonies of British America. 2116. London, 1828. 8vo. 
Mich. Arb. 261. See Michaux's Arbres forestiers, $c. 
Mich. Fl. Bor. Amer. 237. Andre Michaux, Flora Boreali-Americana. Parisiis, 1802. 2 

vols. 8vo. 

Mich. Gen. 1126. P. A. Micheli, Nova Plantarum Genera. Florentia?, 1729. Fol. 
Michaux's Arbres de I'Amerique. 135. See Michaux's Arbres, Sfc. 
Michaux's Arbres Foresttcres de I'Amerique. 2119. Andre Franc;. Michaux fils, Histoire des 

Arbres forestiers de I'Amerique Septentrionale. Paris, 18101813. 3 vols. 4to. 
Michaux's Histoire des Chenes Ameriques. 1864. Andre Michaux, Histoire des Chenes de I'Ame- 
rique Septentrionale. Paris, 1801, fol. ; ed. Germ, a Kerne, 1802. 

Michx. fil. N. Amer. Syl. 1873. Andre Francois Michaux, North- American Sylva; or, a De- 
scription of the Forest Trees of the United States, Canada, and Nova Scotia. Translated from 
the French by A. L. Hillhouse. Paris, 1819. 3 vols. 8vo. 

Michx. Mem. sur le Zelkoua. 1409. A. Frang. Michaux, Memoire sur le Zelkoua. Paris, 1831. 
Michx. Quer. 1869. See Michaux's Histoire des Chines. 
Midsummer Night's Dream. 901. One of Shahspeare's Plays. 
Mill. Ic. 261. Figures of the Plants described in the Gard. Diet. By Philip Miller. London, 

1760. 2 vols. fol. 

Mill. Illust. 399. Johan. Miller, Illustratio Systematis Sexualis Linnaji. Londini, 1777. Fol. 
Miller's Dictionary. 54. The Gardener's Dictionary. By Philip Miller. London, 1731; ed. 2. 
1733; ed. 3., 1737; ed. 4., 1741; ed. 5., 1747; ed. 6., 1752; ed. 7., 1759; ed. 8., 1768; ed. 9., 
see Martyn's Miller. 
Milne's Botanical Dictionary. 77. A Botanical Dictionary. By Colin Milne. London, 1770. 

8vo. 
Minutes on the Method adopted by Mr. Robert Turner of raising Oaks. 1804. In Gard. Mag., 

vol. viii. 

Mrrbel Mem. Mus. 2462. Mirbel in Memoires du Museum. See Mem. Mus. 
Mirror. 2021. The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction. London, begun in 1822, 

and continued in weekly Nos. 8vo. 
Misc. Writings, %c. 2414. Evelyn's Miscellaneous Writings, edited by Upcott. London, royal 4to. 

1825. 
Miscellaneous Tracts relating to Natural History, fyc. 1332. By Benjamin Stillingfleet. London, 

1759, 8vo ; Ed. 2., 1762; Suppl. by F. J. Brand, 1781. 
Missionary Journal. 2411. See Wolf's Missionary Journal. 
Mitch. Gen. 377. See Mich. Gen. 

Mith. Act. Acad. Nat. Cur. 1007. See Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 
McLeay's Report to the Treasury. 1388. Report to the Treasury upon the State of the Elms in St. 

James's and Hyde Parks. Published in the Edin. Phil. Journ., No. xxxi. art, 12. 
M'Nab's Hints on the Planting and General Treatment of Hardy Evergreens. 1176. See Hints on 

the Planting, %c. 

M' Nab' s Treatise on Cape Heaths . 1091. A Treatise on the Propagation, Cultivation, and general 
Treatment of Cape Heaths in a Climate where they require Protection during the Winter 
Months. By William M'Nab, Superintendent of the Bot. Gard. Edin., &c. Edinb. and Lond. 
1832. 8vo. 

Moc. et Sesse Fl. Mex. Icon. ined. 843. See Moc. et Sess. Fl. Mex. 
Moc. et Sesse Fl. Mex. Ic. ined. 713. See Fl. Mex. Icon. ined. 
Moc. PI. Nutk. Mocino (Josef), Drawings of Plants collected by him at Nootka Sound. Not 

published. 

Mcench Lob. Adv. 1248. Mcench in ditto. See Ditto. 
Mcench Meth. 234. Conrad Mcench, Methodus Plantas Horti et Agri Marburgensis describendi. 

Marburgi, 1794. 8vo. 

Mcench Suppl. 237. Id., Supplementum ad Methodum, &c. Marburgi, 1802. 8vo. 
Mcench Weiss. 772. See Moench Weissenst. 
Mcench Weissenst. 1657. Id., Verzeichniss auslandischer Baume des Lustschlosses Weissenstein. 

Francf. 1785. 8vo. 
Mol. Sag. sulla Star. Nat. del Chili. 243. Giov. Ign. Molina, Saggio sulla Storia naturale del Chili. 

Bologna, 1782. 8vo. 

Molina's History of Chili, S(C. 2436. London, 1809. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Monog. Hymen. Ichn. Affin. 1827. See Hymen. Monog. 
Monog. Ros. 748. Proneville (A. De), Nomenclature raisonnee des Espfcces, Varietes, et Sous- 

varietes du Genre Rosier. Paris, 1818. 1 vol. 8vo. 
Monograph. 2432. See Lamb. Gen. Pin. 

Monograph of American Vines. 481. Rafinesque's Monograph of the American Vines in his Medical 
Flora, vol. 2. 

Monteith's Forester's Guide. 89. The Forester's Guide, &c. By Monteith. Stirling, 1819. 

12mo, plates. 

Monthly Review. 1765. London, 1749, and continued till 1808. 
Moorcroft's Journal. 2430. Moorcroft's Travels in Ladak, Kashwir, Bokhara, &c. London, 

1837. 
Moore's Anacreon. 791. Odes of Anacreon, translated 'into English Verse, with Notes. By Thomas 

Moore, Esq. London. 2 vols. 12mo. 

Mor. Hist. 256. Joan Bapt. Morandi, Historia Botanica practica. Mediolani, 1744. Fol. 
Mor. Prcelud. 1241. Robert Morison, Praeludia Botanica, pars 1. Londini, 1669. 8vo. 
Morel's Thtorie des Jardins. 188. Theorie des Jardins. By N. Morel. Paris, 1776, 8vo. Im- 
proved edition by C. Morel, 1802. 
Moris. Elench. 586. See Blench. Sard. 
Moris. Oxon. 934. Robert Morison, Plantarum Historia universalis Oxoniensis. Oxonii, 1680. 

2 vols. folio. 

Moris. Stirp. Sard. 538. See Elench. Sard. 
Morning Chronicle. 1511. A London daily Newspaper. 

Morris Fl. Consp. 931. Richard Morris, Flora Conspicua. London, 1826. 8vo. 
Moseley's Essay on Archery. 2087. Worcester, 1799. 8vo. 
Much Ado about Nothing. 1044. One of Shakspeare's plays. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 



CCX111 



MUhl. Cat. 479. See MUhlenbcrg's Catalogue, Sfc. 

MUhl. Nov. Act. Scrut. Berol. 1234. Muhlenberg in Nov. Act, &c. See Act. Nat. Scrut., gfc. 

Miihlenb. Nov. Act. Soc. Nat. Scrut. Berol. 1504. Sec MUhl. \ov., %c. 

Miihlenb., Sims, et Kon. Ann. of Bot. 1504. Miihlenberg, Sims, and Konig, in Ann. Bot See 

Ann. of Bot. 
Miihlenberg's Catalogue of North American Plants. 729. Henr. Muhlenberg, Catalogus Plantarum 

America? Septentrionalis Lancaster, 1813. 8vo. 
MUnch. Haus. 489 See Munch. Hnusv. 
MUnch. Hausv. 754. Barron Otto Von Munch'ausen, Monantliche Beschaffligungen fur 

einen Baum- und Pflanzen-gartner, als eine Zugabe zum 5ten Th. des Hausvater. Hanover. 

1771. 8vo. 

Mundy's Needwood Forest. 1785. A poem. 

Murray on the Silkworm. 1357. See Murray's Observations, S(C. 
Murray's Encyclopedia of Geography. 172. An Encyclopaedia of Geography, comprising a complete 

Description of the Earth, physical, statistical, civil, and political, &c. By Hugh Murray. 

F.R.S.E., &c. London, 1833. 8vo. 
Murray's Otxervations on the Silkworm. 1358. Observations on the Silkworm, &c. By John Murray. 

London. 

Murr. Nov. Comm. Gott. 1048. J. A. Murray in Nov. Comm., &c. See Nov. Comm. Gott. 
Museum Rusticitm. 1380. Museum Rusticum et Commerciale ; or, Select Papers on Agriculture, 

Commerce, &c. Revised and digested by several Members of the Society for the Encouragement 

of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce. London, 1764. 6 vois. 8vo. 

Museum Tradescantianum. 53. Museum Tradescantianum ; or, a Collection of Rarities pre- 
served at South Lambeth, near London. By John Tradescant. London, 1656. 12mo. 
MX. Fl. Bor. Amer. 303. See Mich. Ft. Bor. Amer. 

N. 

Nat. Hist. Joriit. 1955. Histoire Naturelle du Jorat, &c. Par M. le Comte G. De Razoumowsky. 

Lausanne, 1789. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Nat. Hist, of the County of Dublin, 465. An Essay towards a Natural History of the County of 

Dublin, &c. By J'ohn Rutty, M.D. Dublin, 1772. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Nat. Syst. of Bot. 2558. See Lindl. Nat. Syst. of Bot. 

Natural History. 696. Caii Plinii Secundi Historia? Naturalis. Venice, 1496. Folio. 
Natural History of Carolina. 69. See Catesb. Carol. 

Natural History of Oxfordshire. 1221. By Dr. R. Plot. Oxford, 1705. Fol. 
N. Cours d'Agr. 315. See Nouveau Cours d" Agriculture. 
N. Duh. 238. See Du Ham. Arb. Nouv. 
N. D. Ham., 476. See Du Ham. Arb. Nouv. 
Neal. Cut. Hort. Blackb. 2186. A Catalogue of Plants in the Garden of John Blackburn, Esq., &c. 

By Adam Neale, Gardener. London, 1779. 8vo. 
Neck. Elem. 528. Nat. Jos. De Necker, Elementa Botanica secundum Systema omologicum, seu 

naturale. Neowedead Rhenum, 1790. 3 vols. 8vo, 
Neck. Gall. 1078. See Neck. Gallo-Bell. 

Neck. Gallo-Iiell. 1266. Id., Delicia? Gallo-Belgica; sylvestris. Argentorati, 1768. 2 vols. 12mo. 
Needwood Forest. 1769. See Mundy's Needwood Forest. 
Nees Horce Phys. 538. C. G. Nees Von Esenbeck, Horae PhysiczeBerolinensis, collects ex Symbolis 

Virorum doctorum Link, Rudolphi, &c. Bonnaa, 1820. Fol. 
Nees Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. Bonn. 936. Sec Nov. Act. 

Nees (T.) ab Esenb. Gen. PL Fl. Germ. 2032. See Nees Von Esenbeck, 8(C. 
Nees Von Esenbeck Gen. PL 2509. Genera Plantarum Florae Germanica; Iconibus et Descriptioni- 

bus illustrata. Auotore T. F. L. Nees ab Esenbeck, M.D. Bonna?, 1833. 8vo. 
Neill's Horticultural Tour. 145. Neill's Horticultural Tour through 1- ranee and the Netherlands 

Edinb. 1823. 8vo. 

Nestl. Pot. 747. See Nestl. Pot. Diss. 

Nestl. Pot. Diss. HI. C. G. Nestler, Monographia de Potentilla. Parisiiset Argentorati, 1816. 4to. 
New Botanist's Guide, 882. The New Botanist's Guide to the Localities of the rarer Plants of 

Britain. By Hewett Cottrell Watson. London, 18351837. 2 vols. 8vo. 
New Descriptive Catalogue of Roses cultivated in the Sawbridgeworth Nursery. 749. By T. 

Rivers, jun. Sawbridgeworth, 1831. Pamph. 8vo. 
New Improvements. 2072. See Bradley's New Improvements, &c. 
Neiv Planter's Calendar. 2089. The Planter's Kalendar ; or, the Nurseryman and Forester's Guide 

in the Operations of the Nursery, the Forest, and the Grove. By the late Walter Nicol, edited 

and completed by E. Sang. Edinb. 1820. 8vo. 
New Principles of Gardening. 80. New Principles of Gardening ; or, the Laying out Pastures, 

Groves, Wildernesses, Labyrinths, Avenues, Parks, &c. London, 1756. 4to. 
New York Farm, 1356. American Farmer. In periodical Nos. New York. 4to. 
Newman's Dictionary. 314. A Marine Pocket Dictionary of the Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and 

German Languages, &c. By Henry Newman. London, 1799. 12mo. 
Nich. Obs., Sfc. 1788. Observations on the Propagation and Management of Oak Trees in general 

but more particularly applying to His Majesty's New Forest in Hampshire. Southampton* 

1791. 8vo. 
Nichol's Hist. Leicest. 2413. Collections towards the History and Antiquities of the Town and 

County of Leicester. London, 1798 1796. 2 vols. 4to. 
Nichols's Illustrations. 786. Nichols (J.), Illustrations of the Manners and Expenses of Ancient 

Times in England. London, 1797- 4to. 

Nicholai, Die Wander, oder Professions Raupe, Sfc. 1820. Berlin, 1833. 8vo. 
Nicolson's Historical Scottish Library. 8fi. London, 1702. 8va 
Newman's Dictionary. 505. See Nieuman's Dictionary. 
Nois. Arb. Fruilicrs. 1359. See Nois. Jard. Fruit. 

Noisette Jard. Fruit. 675. Louis Noisette, Le Jardin Fruitier. Paris, 1813. 2 fasc. 4ta 
Nomenclature MSI;. Si-c Mendel's Nomatdator, 
Nomenclature rniaonnee. 749. Aug.de Pronville, Nomenclature raisonnfee des Esp-ces, Vari 

et Sous-varietes du Genre Rosier. Paris, 1818. 8vo. 
North-American Hora. 142. See Mich. Fl. Bor. Amer. 
North-American Sylva. 1379. See Mich.JU. N. Amer. Syl. jfc V V 



SPY 



A 



CJ^X <^ V> \ " 

J 



CCX1V LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Note Historique sur le Ginkgo. 2097. Recherches sur 1'Histoire des Cyprus, et Note Historique sur 

le Oinkgo liiloba. Par M. J. L. A. Loiseleur Deslongchamps. Paris, 1834. Paraph. 8vo. 
Nouv. Diet. d'Hist. Nat. 2405. See Noitveau Dictionnaire, $c. 
Nouv. Duti. W9. See Du Ham Arb. Nouv. 
Nouv. Journ. de Physique. 1823. See Journal de Physique. 
Nouv. Mew. de la Soc. Imp. des Nat. de Moscou. 365. See Mem. Soc. Imp., $c. 
Nouveau Cours d' Agriculture, 675. See Nouveau Cours complet. 
Nouveau Cours complet. 135. Nouveau Cours complet, ou Dictionnaire raisonnfed' Agriculture. Par 

les Membres de la Section d'Agr. de 1'Institut. Paris, 1809. 16 vols. 8vo. 
Nouveau Dictionnaire d' llistoire NatureUe. 465. Paris, 1819. 36 vols. 8vo. 
Nouveau Du Hamel. 138. See Du Ham. Arb. Nouv. 
Nov. Act. N. C. App. 2350. See Nov. Act. Nat. Cur., #c. 
Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. Bonn. 936. See Nova Ada Natures Curiosorum. 
Nov. Act. Pet. 632. Nova Acta Academias Scientiarum imperialis Petropolitana?. Petropoli, 

17831837. 4to. 

Nov. Act. Soc. Nat. Scrut. Bcrol. 1504. See Act. Soc. Scrut. Berol. 
Nova Acta Natures Curiosorum. 2141. Nova Acta Physico-Medica Academias Caesareae Leopol- 

dino-Carolinas Naturae Curiosorum. Bonnae et Nuremberg, 1757 to the present Time. 4to 
Nov. Comm. Gott. 1048. Novi Commentarii Societatis Regiaa Scientiarum Goltingensis. 1751 to the 

present Time. 4to. 
Nova Hollandite Plantarum Specimen. 356. By J. J. La Billardiere. Parisiis, 17911812. 5 

vols. 4to. 

Nursery Catalogue. 2015. See Furber's Nursery Catalogue. 
Nutt. Gen. Amer. 303. Thomas Nuttall, The Genera of North- American Plants, and a Catalogue of 

the Species. Philadelphia, 1818. 2 vols. 12mo. 

O. 

Observ. Entomol. 2141. Dr. Heer's Entomological Observations. 1836. 

Observations des Singularites. 1910. Pierre Beion, ou Bellon, Les Observations de plusieurs Singu- 
larites trouvees en Grece, &c. Paris, 1554, 4to; ed. 2. Anvers, 1555, 8vo. 

Observations, fyc., in Scotland. 92. Observations relative chiefly to Picturesque Beauty, made in the 
Year 1776, on several Parts of Great Britain, and particularly the Highlands of Scotland. By 
W. Gilpin, A.M., &c. Lond. 178R 2 vols. 8vo. 

Observations faites dans un Voyage, fyc. 2407. Pallas (P. S.), Observations faites dans un Voyage 
entrepris dans les Gouvernernens Meridionaux de PEmpire de Russie pendant les Annees 
1793 et 1794. Leipsig, 1801. 2 vols. 4to. 

Observations on Oak Trees, Sfc., in a Letter to the Earl of Chatham, 1787. See Nichols Obs. 

Observations on the Conifer CE. 2104. See Observations on the Coniferee of New Zealand. 

Observations on the Contfera; of New Zealand. 2101. By Mr. G. Bennet, published in Lambert's 
Pin us. 

Observations on the Diseases of Trees. 1213. William Forsyth, Observations on the Diseases of 
Trees, &c. London, 1791. 8vo. 

Odyssey. 835. See Horn. Odys. 

Old. Fl. Dan. 364. Icones Plantarum sponte nascentium in Regnis Dania? et Norvegiae, &c. 
Hafnia?, 17611770, vols. 1, 2, and 3., Auctore G. C. OZder. ; vols. 4. and 5., Auct. O. F. Mu'ller. 
17711782; vols. 6. and 7., Auct. M. Vahl., 1787 1805; vol.8., Auct. J. W. Horncman., 1806 
1816. 8 vols. fol. 

Oelhaf. Abbild. 206i5. C. C. OZlhafen, Abbildung der wilden Baume, &c. Nurnberg, 1767 
1773. 4to. 

Office of Woods, Sfc. 1804. A Parliamentary Report. 

Oilfield's Anecdotes of Archery. 2087. Anecdotes of Archery, ancient and modern. By H. G. 
Oldfield. London, 1791. 12mo. 

Oliv. Enc. Met/i. 1H29. See Encyc. Meth. 

Oliv. Voy. 1847. See Olivier'* Travels. 

Oliv. Voy. dans VEmp. Ottom. 1928. See Olivier's Travels. 

Olivier's Travels. 1860. Travels in the Ottoman Empire, Egypt, and Persia. By G. A. Olivier. 
Lond. 1801. 2 vols. and atlas. 4to. 

Olivier's Veyage. 813. See Olivier's Travels. 

On Nav Tim. 1953. See On Naval Timber, $c. 

On Naval Timber. 1400. See Matthew on Naval Timber. 

On Permanent Colours. 1911. Experimental Researches concerning the Philosophy of Permanent 
Colours, and the best Means of producing them, by dyeing, Calico-printing, &c. By E. Ban- 
croft, M.D. London, 1/94. 8vo. 

Ort. Decad. 559. Cas. Gomez De Ortega, Novarum aut rariorum Plantarum Horti R. Matritensis 
Centurix. Matriti, 17971798. 8 vols. 4to. Tit. gen. 1800. 

Osb. Itin. 541. Pehr Osbeck, Dagbock cefer en Ostendyck Resa. Stockholm, 1757. 8vo. 

Osterreiches Allgemeine Baumxucht. See Hoss Anleit. 

Otto's Garten Zeitung. 1365. See Alli-emeine Gartenzeitu?ig. 

Outl. Geog. Distr. 735. See Watson's Outlines. 

Outlines, ijr. 'J57. See Watson, Sfc. 

Outlines of Botany. 237. Outlines of Botany ; including a General History of the Vegetable King- 
dom, &c. By Professor Burnett. London, 1835. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Ovid. -Met., 141. OviU's Metamorphoses. London, 1773. 2 vols. 12rao. 

P. 

Pall. Astr. 637. Peter Simon Pallas, Species Astragalorum descriptae et Iconibus illustratae. Lipsia?, 

1800. Fol. 

Pall. Flor. Ross. 247. See Pallas's Flora Rossica. 

Pallas'i Flora Rossica. 156. Id., Flora Rossica. Petropoli, 1784 et 1788. 2 vols. fol. 
Pall. Itin. ed. Gall. 599. Voyages dans I'Empire Russe. Paris, 1793. 8 vols. Svo, avec atlas. 4to. 
Pall. Itin. ed. Gall. Append. r>8'2. See Pall. Itin. ed. Gall. 
Pall. Nov. Act. Pet. 632. Pallas in Nov. Act. Pet. Be? Nov. Act Pet. 



Pall. Nord. Beijtr. 910. Id., Neue nordische Beitracge zur physikalischen, &c. Petersb. und 

Leipz. 17811796. 7 vols. fol. 
Panzei -Fauna his. Germ. 1483. See Faun. Ins. 
Paradise Lout. VIS*. A poem by Milton. 
Paradise (\f Plants. 515. Adam in Eden; or, Nature's Paradise, &c. By William Cole, Herbalist. 

London, 1657. Fol. 

Paradise and the Peri. '2040. A poem by Moore. 
PfTOfUttU. 717. See Parkinson's Paradisi in sole. 

Parad. Land. 813. Paradisus Londmensis. By R. A. Salisbury. London, 18051808. 2 vols. 4to. 
Parke's China. S47. Historic of the Great and Nightie Kingdome of China, and tiie Situation there- 
of. Translated out of Spanish by R. Parke. fx>ndon, 15o8. 4to. 
Park, Hampstead. 1391. Tin- Topography and Natural IIi.>tory of Hampstoad, in the County of 

Middlesex. With an Appendix of Original Records. By John James Park. London, 1814. 

gvo, 
Parkinson's Herbal, or Theatre of Plants. 5*2. The Theatre of Plants; or, an Herball of a large 

extent ; with numerous wood engravings. By John Parkinson. Loud. ItMO. Fol. 
Parkinson's Paradisi in sole. 5-J. Paradisi in sole Paradisus Terrestris ; or, a Garden of all Sorts of 

Pleasant Flowers, which our English Ayre will admitt to be noursed up; with a Kitchen 

Garden,Orcharde, &c. By John Parkinson, Apothecary of London. London, 1629. Fol. 
Parkinson 's Theat. Bot. 1P08. See Parkinson's Herbal, #c. 
Par. Lon. *83. See Parad. Land. 

Pascalis's (Dr.) Treatise on the Mulberry, S>c. 1358. New York, 1830. 8vo. 
Pausanias Lac. 1441. Pausanias's Description of Greece 
Pav. Dm. in ML//I. Aead. Reg. Med. Mat. S432. Jos. Pavon, Dissertacion botanica sobre los 

Generos Tovalia, Actinophyllum, &c. Madrid. 4to. As quoted in Mem. Acad., \c. 
Paxton's Mag. of Bot. 1149. Magazine of Botany, and Register of Flowering Plants. By J. Paxton, 

F.L.S., &c. London, begun in 1834, and continued in monthly Numbers, large 8vo. 
P, ; lerinage a Jcrusaleme, S[c. 2412. par R. P. M. J. Geramb. Paris, 1834. 
Pen. Cyc. 306. See Penny Cyc. 

Pennant's London. i.'070. Account of London. By Thomas Pennant. London, 1790. 4to. 
Penny cuick'-s (Dr.] Works, in Prose and Verse. 94. Geographical and Historical Description of the 

Shire of Tweeddale; with a Miscellany, and curious Collection of select Scottish Poems. 1715 

and 1814. 4to. 
Penny Cyc. 299. The Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. 

London. In monthly parts, folio. Begun in 1833, and 10 vols. published. 
Penny Magazine. 1336. A periodical paper published in London, weekly. Begun in 1832. 
Perambulations of Kent. 25. Perambulation of Kentj containing the Description, History, and 

Customs of that Shire. 
Perce Forest. 786. A Romance. 
Perennial Calendar. 1023. The Perennial Calendar and Companion to the Almanack, illustrating 

the Events of every Day in the Year, &c. By T. Forster, M.B., F.L.S., &c. London, 1824. 8vo. 
Pers. Ench. 331. C. H. Persoon, Synopsis Plantarum seu Enchiridium Botanicum. Paris, 1805 

and 1807. 2 vols. 12mo. 
Pers. Ic. Pict. 2148. Id., Icones pictae Specierum rariorum Fungorum, &c. Paris et Strasb. 1803. 

2 fasc. 4to, pi. 18. 

Pers. Myc. Eur. 2147. Id., Mycologia Europaea. Erlang, 18221828. 3 vols. 8vo, pi. 30. 
Pers. Obs. Mycol. 1836. Id., Observationes Mycologies. Lipsiaj, 1796. 8vo. 
Pers. Syn. 243. See Pers. Ench. 
Persia in Miniature. 786. By Sir Robert Ker Porter. 
Perthshire Report. 23.54. General View of the Agriculture in the County of Perth, &c. By Dr. 

James Robertson. Perth, 1799. 8vo. 
Petiv. Gaz. 1116. James Petiver, Gazophyllacium Naturae et Artis. Londini, 17021704. 5 

decad. fol. 

Petiv. Mus. 2059. Id., Musasi Petiveriani Centurias Decem London, 1695. 8vo. 
Ph. Fl. Amer. Sept. 259. Frederick Pursh, Flora Americana Septentrionalis. London, 1814. 

2 vols. 8vo. 

Pharsalia. 1724. Lucan's Pharsalia. Rowe's Translation. 
Phil. Mag. 1388. Philosophical Magazine and Journal. By Alex. Tilloch and Richard Taylor. 

London, 1798 1826. 68 vols. 8vo, continued under the name of Philosophical Magazine" and 

Annals of Chemistry. By R. Taylor and R. Phillips. London, 18-/7 1832. 11 vols. 8vo. 
Phil. Mag. 3 sc r. 738. A further Continuation of the Philosophical Magazine, under the name of 

the London and Edinburgh Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science. By Sir David 

Brewstcr, R. Taylor, and R. Phillips. London, 1S32, continued. 8vo. 
Phil. Trans. 23. The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Commenced 

in 1665, and continued to the present Time. London. 4to. 
Phil. Trans. Abr. 40. An Abridgment of the Phil. Trans. By C. Hutton, LL.D. ; G. Shaw 

M.I). ; and K. Pearson, M.I). Ixmdon, 18041809. 18 vols. 4to. 
Philosophical Conferences of the Virtuosi of France. 1829. A Collection of Discourses of the Virtuosi 

of France upon Questions of Philosophy. Translated into English by G. Ha 



Hit 14. 



r ers. London, 

Physical and Historical Researches into Rhabdomancy, g(C. 2020. Translated from the Italian of 

Carlo Amoretti into German, with supplementary Treatises, by Ritter. Berlin, 1809 8vo 
Phys. l'e. 215. See Physiologic t','g.'tale. 
Physialoie I'egetale. i>15. Physiologic Vegetalo, ou Exposition des Forces et des Fonctions Vitales 

des \egetaux, &c. By M. A. P. De Candolle. Paris, 183-2. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Physique Occult, ou Trait ^ de la Baguette divinatoire. 2020. La Phisique Occulte, ou Trait de la 

Hagucttc Divinitoire. Par Pierre le Lorraine de VallemonL Amst. 1693. 12mo. 
Phytographia. 5.3. See Pluk. Phyt. 
Picture liible. \ >('>'>. The Pictorial Bible; being the Old and New Testaments, according to the 

authorised Version, illustrated with many hundred woodcuts. London, 1836 In monthly 

parts, hvo. 
Pieces relatives a la Culture et am Usages de cet Arbre [Robin/a]. 617. Lettre sur le Robinier, 

coniius sous le Nom impropre de Faux Acacia; avec plusieurs Pieces relatives & la Culture et 

Usage de cet Arbre. Par M. Francois De Neufchateau. Paris, 1803. 12mo. 
Pitt's Survey of Worcestershire. 896. General Survey of the County of Worcester. London, 

1810. 8vo. 
Pitt's Trans. 2334. Pitt's Translation of VirgiL 



CCXV1 LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

PL Off. 1691. See Ehrh. PI. Off. 

PL Rar. Hort. Gen. 503. See Dec. PL Ear. Jard. Gen. 

Plant, and Rur. Orn. 1774. See Marshall on Planting and Rural Ornament. 

Plant. Amer. 2271. See Plum. Plant Amer. 

Plant. Kal. 5tiy. Planter's Kalendar. By W. Nicol. Edited and completed by Edw Sane Edin. 

1820. Ed. 2., 8vo. 
Plants Equinoctiales. 1941. Humboldt et Bonpland, Plantae Equinoxiales. Paris, 18081816. 

2 vols. fol. 
Plants per Galliam, Hispaniam, et Italiam observata. 2415. By Jaco. Barrelier. A posthumous 

work, edited by Bern. Jussieu. Paris, 1714. Fol. 
Planter and Forest Pruner. 188. The Forest Pruner, or Timber Owner's Assistant, &c. London, 

1805. 8vo. 

Planter's Calendar. 89. See Plant. Kal. 
Planter's Guide. 188. The Planter's Guide ; or, a Practical Essay on the best Method of giving 

immediate Effect to Wood, &c. By Sir Henry Steuart, Bart. &c. Edin. 1829. 8vo. 
Plantes du Dauphin*. 2276. See Pillars' s Plantes du Dauphin^. 
Planting and Rural Ornament. 188. See Marshall on Planting and Rural Ornament. 
Plenck Icon. 4<i3. J. J. Plenck, Iconcs Plantarum medicinalium. 1803 et seq. Fol. 
Plin. Epist. 13o4. The Letters of Pliny the Consul, with occasional Remarks by William Melmoth, 

Esq. London, 1746. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Plin. Hist. Nat. 1914. Plinii Historia Naturalis. Hardouin's edit. Paris, 1793. 3 vols. fol. 

Translated under the title of Pliny's Natural History of the World. By Philemon Holland. 

London, 1601. 2 vols. fol. 

Plot's (Dr.) History of Oxfordshire. 1768. See Natural History of Oxfordshire. 
Pluk. Aim. 1256. See Pluk. Aim. Phyt. 
Pluk. Aim. Phyt. 68. Leonard Plukenett, Almagestum Botanicum sive Phytologia Onomasticon. 

Londini, 1796. 4to. 

Pluk. Amalth. 379. Id., Amaltheum Botanicum. Londini, 1705. 4to. 
Pluk. Mant. 257. Id., Almagest! Botanici Mantissa. Londini, 1700. 4to. 
Pluk. Phyt. 727. See Plukenett's Phytographia. 
Plukenett's Phytographia. 53. Id., Phytographia sive Stirpium illustriorum, &c. Londini, 1691. 

4 vols. 4to. 

Plum. Cat. 2271. Plumier (C.), Catalogus Plantarum Americanarum. Paris, 1703. 4to. 
Plum. Icon. 479. Plumier (C.), Description des Plantes de PAmerique, avec leurs Figures. Paris, 

1693. Folio. 
Plum. Plant. Amer. 2271. Charles Plumier, Description des Plantes de 1'Amerique. Paris, 1693 

and 1713. Fol. 

Pococke Itin. 2054. See Pococke Orient. 
Pococke Orient. 480. Desciiption of the East, and some other Countries. By R. Pococke. London, 

17.^31745. 2 vols. fol. 

Pceppig's Travels in the Peruvian Andes. 2434. LeSpzic, 1830. 

Pohl Bohem. 760. J. J. Pohl, Versuch einer Flora Bohmens. Prag. ISlO'and 1814. 2 vols. 8 vo. 
Pair. Diet. 480. See Poiret Encyc. Meth. 
Poir. Diet. Encyc. Suppl. 1928. See Poiret Encyc. Suppl. 
Pair. Ency. Meth. 1343. See Poiret Encyc. Mith. 
Poir. Encycl. Suppl. 975. See Poiret Encyc. Suppl. 
Poir. Su/tpl. 519. See Poiret Encyc. Suppl. 
Poiret Encyc. Meth. 1377. J. L. M. Poiret, Encyclopedic Methodique, ou Dictionnaire de Botanique. 

(Voy. Lam. Dictionn. continue par Poiret.) Paris, 18041808; being the 5th, 6th, 7th, 

and 8th vols. of Lamarck's Encyclopedic Methodique, &c. 
Poiret Encyc. Suppl. 1415. Id., Encyclopedic Methodique Supplement au Dictionn. de Botanique. 

Paris, 18101816. 4 vols. 4to. 
Poiret's Hist. Phil, dejs Plantes. 1915. Id., Histoire Philosophique, &c., des Plantes de 1'Europe. 

Paris, vols. 1 5. 8vo. 

Poit. Arb. Fr. 473. See Port, et Turp. Arb. Fruit. 
Pott, et Turp. Arb. Fruit. 2018. Poiteau et Turpin, Traite des Arbres fruitiers de Du Hamel . 

Nouvelle edition. Paris, 1808 et seq. 13 fasc. Fol. 
Political Register. 616. The Political Register ; a periodical paper. Edited by Wm. Cobbett. 

London. 
Poll. Fl. Ver. 584. Ciro Pollini, Horti et Provincial Veronensis Planta? novae vel minus cognitae 

Paviae, 1816. 
Pollich Pall. 1950. J. A. Pollich, Historia Plantarum in Pallatinatu sponte nascentium. Man- 

heim, 1776. 3 vols. 4to. 

Pom. ISrit. 896. See Pomarium Britannicum. 

Pom. Mag. 2(H8. The Pomological Magazine. Lond. 1833. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Pomarium Britannicum. 923. Pomarium Britannicum ; an Historical and Botanical Account of 

Fruits known in Great Britain. By Henry Phillips.* London. 1820. 8vo. 
Pomona. 896 Pomona Herefordiensis ; or, a Descriptive Account of the old Cider and Perry 

Fruits of Herefordshire By T. A. Knight, F.R.S., &c. London, 1819. 4to. 

Ponied. Comp. 1555. Jul. Pontedera, Compendium Tabularum Botanicarum. Patavii, 1719. 4to. 
Pantry's Prof. Planter. 1522. The Profitable Planter, &c. By William Pontey. Huddersfield, 

18(X). 8vo. 

Pope's Odyssey. 1654. Pope's Translation of Homer's Odyssey. 
Porter's (Miss Jane) Scottish Chiefs. 1772. London. 5 vols. 8vo. 
Porter's (Sir Robert Ker} Travels. 786. London, 2 vols. 4to. 
Pott's Survey of Worcestershire. 897. See Pitt's Survey, $c. 
Pouchet Bol. appliqu<ie. 2153. Professor of Botany at Rouen. 
Pour. Act. Toul. 594. See Pourr. Act. Toul. 
Pourr. Act. Toul. 326. Pourret in Actis Academia? Tolosaniae. 
Pract. Hints on Planting. 1402. See Pract. Treat, on Planting. 
Pract. Treat, on Planting. 840. Hayes. 
Practical Husbandman. 98. Maxwell (R). The Practical Husbandman ; being a collection of Mis. 

cellaneous Papers on Husbandry. Edinb. 1757. evo. 
Practical Planter. 188. The Practical Planter ; or, a Treatise on Forest Planting, &c. By Walter 

Nicol. Edinb. 1799. 8vo. 
Price's Essay on the Picturesque. 744. An Essay on the Picturesque, as compared with the Sublime 

and the Beautiful, &c. By Uvedale Price, Esq. London, 1794. 8vo. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCXVll 

Prince's Catalogue. 310. A Catalogue of Frurt and Ornamental Trees and Plants (all of which are 

hardy) cultivated at the Linna-an Botanic Garden, \V. Prince, Proprietor, Flushing, Long 

Island, near New York. New York, 18-.!. 8vo. 

Proc. qf Geol. Soc. of Lond. 2UO. Proceedings of the Geological Society of London. 
Prtnt. ;i(iy. See Dec. Print. 
Prodrome dc la Mjnogra/i/iit- <in Genre Iicaier. 749. Prodrome de la Monographic des Especes et 

Varietes communes du Gcnn* Rosier, &c. By C. A. Thory. Paris, 1820. 12mo. 
Prodramus. IS!'. See Dee. 1'rod. 

Prodromus Flora; Xejialensis. 1921. D. Don, Prodromus Florae Nepalensis. London, 1825. 12mo. 
Prom: Now. l~. r >->. Siv /'/< '//'//<'* \uiiien. Hai.\. 
Pronvillc's Xotnen. Unix. 74<>. Aug. De Pronville, Nomenclature raisonnee des Especes, Varietes.et 

Sous-varietes du Genre Hosier. Paris, 1818. 8vo. 
Pursh Ft. Bor. Amer. sUH. Fred. Pursh, Flora Borealis Americana. London, 1814. 2 vols. 8vo. 



Q- 

Quarterly Journal of Agriculture. 182. The Quarterly Journal of Agriculture; and the Prize 

Essays and Transactions of the Highland Society of Scotland. Edin. 1828. In quarterly 

Nos. 8vo. 

Quarterly Review. 22. The Quarterly Review. London. In quarterly Nos. 8vo. 
Huaijlc's Jersey and Guernsey. I'.'Hti. General View of the Agriculture and present State of the 

K-lands on' the Coast of Normandy subject to the Crown of Great Britain. By Thomas Quayle, 

Esq. London, 1815. 8vo. 
Quip for an upstart Courtier. 486. A Quip for an upstart Courtier ; or, a quaint Dispute between 

Velvet Breeches and Cloth Breeches. London, 1592. 4to. 
Quintinye's Complete Gardener. 46. The Complete Gardener, &c. Englished by John Evelyn. 

Lond. 1693. FoL 



R. et P. Fl. Per. et Chil. Prod. 544. H. Ruiz et Jos. Pavon, Florae Peruvians; et Chilensis Pro- 
dromus. Matriti, 1794, fol. ; ed. 2 , Romas, 1797, 4to. 

R et P Fl Per. et Chil. fiyst. 544. Id., S> sterna Vegetabilium Florae Peruviance et Chilensis. 
Matriti, 1798. 8vo. 

R. et P. Fl. Per. Syst. 5t3. See R. et P. Fl. Per. et Chil. Syst. 

Raf. Med. Flor. 518. Medical Flora ; or, Manual of the Medical Botany of the United States of 
North America By C. S. Rafinesque. Philadelphia, 1828. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Rafin. Jouni. Pity*. 503. Rafinesque in Journal de Physique. Paris, 1773, and continued. 4to. 

Kttfin. Mctl. Bot. 1017. See Raf. Med. Flor. 

Rafin. Prec. Dec. Som. 588. Rafinesque-Schmaltz, Precis des Decouvertes Somiologiques ou Zoolo- 
giques et Botaniques. Palerme, 1814. 18mo. 

Rafin. Ros. Amer. in Ann. Phys. 766. Rafinesque on American Roses, in Annals of Physic. New 
York. 

Rafin. Speech. 582. Rafinesque. Schmaltz, Specchio delle Scienze, o Giornale enciclopedico di 
Siciha 1814. 



Rape of Proserpine. 2472. A poem by Claudian. 
Ran. Enum. 765. 



Ran. Enum. 765. Ambr. Rau, Enumeratio Rosarum circa Wirceburgum sponte crescentium. 

Norinberga?, 1816. 8vo. 
Rauw. Itin. 646. Rauwolf's Journey through Syria, Mesopotamia, Palestine, and Egypt Translated 

from the English by Stapherst. 1693. 8vo. 

Ray's General History of Plants. 53. See Ray's Historia Plantarum. 
Ray's Historia Plantarum. 41. Joh. Ray, Historia Plantarum. Londini, 1686 et 1688. 2 vols. 

fol. Vol. 3., seu Supplementum, 1704. 
Ray's Letters, $c. 2414. Philosophical Letters between Mr. Ray and several Correspondents, &c. 

Lond. 1718. 8vo. 
Ray's Methodus Plantarum. 53. Id., Methodus Plantarum nova. Londini, 1682. Amstel. 

1682. 8vo. 
R. Br. Prod. R. Brown, Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandia et Insula? van Diemen. Londini, 

1810. 8vo. 
Rchb. Icon. Exot. 1062. Reichenbach (L.), Iconographia Botanica Exotica. Leips. 1827 

1830. 4to. 
Rchb. PI. Crit. 1210. Reichenbach (W. G. L.), Iconographia Botanica, seu Plants? Criticae. 

Leips. 18251828. 4to. 

Reaum. M&m. 1971. See Reaumur's Memoires. 
Reaumur Memoires. 1820. Memoires pour servir a 1'Histoire des Insectes. Par R. A. F. De 

Reaumur. Paris, 1734 174'J. > vols. 4to. 
Rech. Hist. 1717. See Recherches Historiqucs, 8(C. 

Rcchcrch. sur rAnat., S;c., de d(ff'cr. Espies d' Inscctc.s. 1819. See Lyonct Mem Post. 
Recherche* Historiifiu's sur les Chines. 1722. By M. Marquis, Professor of Botany at Rouen. 
Recherches sur la Decouverte dela Rose, 8(C. 787. Langles (L.), Recherches sur la D&ouverte de 

1' Essence de Rose. Paris, 1804. 12mo. 
Recreations of Agriculture. 615. Recreations in Agriculture, Natural History, Arts, and 

Miscellaneous Literature. By Dr. Anderson. London, 1799. 5 vols. 8vo. 
Recueil des Plans, SfC., de plusieurs des Chateaux, Grottes, Sfc. 1338. See Marot's Recueil des 

Plans, $c. 

Hal. Hos. 750. See Red. et Thor. Ros. 
lied, et Thor. Ros. 752. P. J. Redoute, Les Roses. PL 169. color.: avec le texte, par Cl. Ant. Thory. 

Paris, 18171824. 3 vols. fl. 
Rces's Cycl. 582. See Rces's Cyclopedia. 
Rees's Cyclopedia. 1917- London, 1819. 39 vols. 4to. 
Regensb. Bot. Zeit. 1633. Regen)ungs Botanische Zeitung. Regensburg, 1803. Svo. 1 voL 

per ann. 

C C 



CCXV111 LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Rdgn. Bot. 2464. See Renault Bot. Icon. 

Msnault Bot. Icon. 1266. De Regnault, La Botanique mise a la Portee de tout le Monde. 

Paris, 1774. Fol. 

Reich. Mag. 656. Reichenbach (G. C.), Magazin des Pflanzenreichs. 1793, 1794. 4to. 
Reid's Hist, and Lit. Bot. 899. See Reid's Historical and Literary Botany. 

Reid's Historical and Literary Botany. 486. Historical and Literary Botany ; containing the Qua- 
lities, Anecdotes, and Superstitions of Plants, &c. To which is added, Flowers; or, the Ar- 
tists : a Romantic Story, from the French of Madame De Genlis. By Eliza P. Reid. Windsor, 
1826. 3 vols. 12mo. 

Rem. on For. Seen. 2047. See Remarks on Forest Scenery. 
Remarks on Forest Scenery. 14. By William Gilpin. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Remarkable Oaks, 8;c. 1781. See Rooke's Remarkable Oaks. 
Renault Fl. de fOrne. 1212. P. A. Renault, Flore du Departement de 1'Orne. Alencon, 

1804. 8vo. 
Report on the Natural Forests of Scotland. 2180. By Mr. Grigor, Nurseryman, of Elgin. Published 

in the Highland Society's Transactions, vol. xii. 

Reports, %c. 2170. Parliamentary Reports on the Timber Trade for 18311835. 
Residence in Constantinople. 2042. Walsh (R), A Residence at Constantinople during the Com- 
mencement, Progress, and Termination of the Greek and Turkish Revolutions. London, 1836. 
2 vols. 8vo. 

Ret. Gard. 2008. See Retired Gardener. 

Retired Gardener. 364. See London and Wise's Retired Gardener. 
Retz. Obs. 235. See Retz. Obs. Bot. 
Retz. Obs. Bot. 754. A. J. Retzius, Observationes Botanies. London, 1774. 6 fasc. 4to. Ed. i'. 

LipsiEe, 17791791. 6 vols. 4to. 

Rtverie du Promeneur solitaire. 1326. By J. J. Rousseau. 
Revue Entomologique. 2145. See Silbermann's Revue Entomologique. 
Reyn. Act. Laus. 769. See Reyn. Mem. Laits. 
Reyn. M6m, 585. See Reyn. M6m. Laus. 

Reyn. Mttn. Laus. 772. Reynier in Mthn. de la Soc. de Lausanne. 
Rhizotomi. 1724. By Sophocles. 

Rich. Diss. 1061. G. G. Richter, Diss. de Muscorum Notis et Salubritate. Gottinga?, 1747. 4to. 
Rich Mem. Conif. 2063. See Richard Mem. sur les Coniferes. 
Richard II. 436. One of Shakspeare's plays. 

Richard Mem. sur les Coniferes. 2103. See Memoires sur les Coniferes et les Cycadees. 
Richard's Analyse du Fruit. 558. Louis-Claude Richard, Analyse du Fruit, considere en general ; 

publiee par DuvaL Paris, 1808. 8vo. 

Richard's Elements of Botany. 1024. New Elements of Botany, &c. By A. Richard, M.D. ; 
translated, with Notes, by P. Clinton ; Dublin. 1829. 8vo. Translation by W. Macgillivray : 
London, 1831, 8vo. 
Riv. Man. Irr. 1043. Aug. Quirinus Rivinus, Ordo Plantarum Flore irregulari Monopetalo. Lin- 

sise, 1699. Fol. 

R. Mai. 1420. Henricus Van Rheede, Hortus Indicus Malabaricus. 16781703. 12 vols. fol. 
Roberts 's English Bowman ; or, Tracts on Archery. 2087. London, 1801. 8vo. 
Roderick, the Last of the Goths. 1917. A poem by Southey. 

Roem. Arch. 1032. Jon. Jac. Roemer, Archiv fur die Botanik. Leipzig, 17961805. 3 vols. 4to. 
Rcem. et Schult. Syst. Vcg. 1414. Id. et Schultes, Ed. nov. Systematis Vegetabilium Linnaji. 

Turici, 1815. 8vo. 

Rokeby. 2084. A poem by Sir Walter Scott. 
Romance of Nature. 932. The Romance of Nature. By Louisa Anne Twamley. London, 

1837. 8vo. 

\ Romance of the Rose. 941. By Chaucer. 

Rooke's Remarkable Oaks, 8(c. 1781. Description and Sketches of some remarkable Oaks in the 
Park at Welbeck, in the County of Nottingham, a seat of His Grace the Duke of Portland. By 
Hayman Rooke. London, 1790. 4to. 

Rogue's Hist, dcs Champ. 1704. Histoire des Champignons. Par M. Roque. Paris. 4to. 
Rosarum Monographia. 749. See Lindley's Rosarum Monographia. 
Rose Amateur's Guide. 2560. The Rose Amateur's Guide. By T. Rivers, jun. London, 

1837. 8vo. 
Rosel Ins. Belust. Suppl. 1826. Rosel, Der monatlitfh herausgegebenen Insecten Belustigung. 

Niirnberg, 17461761. 4 vols. 4to. 
Rossig. Ros. 752. Rossignol (K. G.), Les Roses dessinees et enluminees d'aprt-s Nature, avec une 

Description botanique. Traduit de 1'Allemand par M. De Lafitte. Leips. 4to. 
Rossm'dssler Forstins. 2140. Rossmassler, Naturgeschichtc derjenigen Insecten, welche den bei 

uns angebauten Holzarten am meisten schadlich werden. Leipz. 1834. 8vo. 
Roth Cat. 575. Alb. Wilh. Roth, Catalecta Botanica. Lipsias, 17971805. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Roth Fl. Germ. 635. See Roth's Fiora Germanica. 
Roth Germ. 1731. See Roth's Flora Germanica. 

Roth's Flora Germanica. 146. Id., Tentamen Floras Germanicae. Lipsiaj, 1788 1801. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Route's Lucan. 1462. Rowe's Translation of Lucan. 
Rox. Fl. Ind. 1201. See Roxb. FL Ind. ined. 
Rox.' Hort. Beng. 1934. W. Roxburgh, Hortus Bengalensis ; or, a Catalogue, &c. Calcutta, 

1814. 8vo. 

Roxb. Cor. 646. See Roxb. Corom. 
Roxb. Corom., 1595. Id., Plants of the Coast of Coromandel, published under the direction of Sir 

Joseph Banks. London, 17951798. 2 vols. foL 

Roxb. Fl. Ind. ined. 751. Flora Tndica. By W. Roxburgh. Serampore, 18201824. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Roy. Cours d'Agric. 258. Roy in Nouveau Cours d'Agriculture. 
Roy. Lugdb. 1289. Adrianus Van Royen, Florae Leydensis Prodromus, exhibens Plantas Horti 

Lugduno-Batavi. Lugd. Bat. 1740. 8vo. Auctor dicitur C. Linnanis. 
Royal Society's Transactions. 77. See Phil. Trans. 

Roylc Illustr. Bot. Himalaya. 245. Illustrations of the Botany and other Branches of the Natural 
History of the Himalayan Mountains, and of the Flora of Cashmere. London, 1833 1838: 
4to. 
Rubi Germanici. 733. See Wcihe. and Nees's ttubi Gcrmanici. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 



CCX1X 



Rudb. Lapp. 1598. Rudbeck (Olaus), Mora-Samdad, sivc Lapponia Illustrata. Sueco-Germ. et 
Lat. Upsal, 1701. 4to. 

Itudge's Survey of Gloucestershire. 77*50. General View of the Agriculture of the County of Glou- 
cester. B'v T. RudRe. London, 1807. 8vo. 

Jluizet Pctv. Fl. Per. [I'A. Soe H. ct P. VI. Per. 

linnipli. Amh. I<K). See Humph. Amboyn. 

Humph. Ainboyn. 2447. Geo. Everh. Rumphius, Herbarium Amboinense. Amstelodami, 1750. 
6 vols. foL Auctarium, 1755. 



Sab. Hort. 1259. Liberatus Sabbati, Hortus Romanus. Vol. I., Auct. G. Bonelli et L. Sabbati ; 

Vols. II. III. IV. andV., Auct. N. Martelli et L. Sabbati; Vols. VI. and VII., Auct. Const. 

Sabbati et N. Martelli. Koma?, 17721784. 7 vols. fol. 
Sal. Hurt. Allert. M :5. See Sal. Prod. 
Sal. Par. 282. Sei- Sal. Par. Land. 
Sal. P,ir. /.</. ;5S(). Sco Parad. Land. 
Sal. Prod. 490. R. A. Salisbury, Prodromus Stirpiuro in Horto ad Chapel Allerton. Londini, 

1796. 8vo. 

Sal. Wob. 1454. Salictum Woburnense. By His Grace the Duke of Bedford. Royal 8va 
Saliccs. 188. Salices. By Dr. Wade. Dublin, 1811. 8vo. 

Salicetum , or, the Kotanical History and Cultivation of Willows. 1458. By Dr. Walker. Con- 
tained in his Vol. of Essays. 
Salictum Woburnense. 129. See Sal. Wob. 
Salisb. Prod. 233. See Sal. Prod. 
Sang's Nicol, 1226. See Plant. Kal. 
Santi Viaes*. 1046. Geo. Santi, Viaggj al Mont Amiata. Pisa, 1795, 8vo ; e per la Toscana, Vols. 

II. and 1 1 1., 1798 and 1806. 
Sat. Aftig. 1351. The Saturday Magazine. A periodical paper, published in London, weekly. Begun 

in 1832. 
Sauv. Monsp. 1320. Franc. Boissier De Sauvages, Methodus Foliorum S. Plantae Monspelienses 

juxta Foliorum Ordinem digestse. La Haye, 1751. 8vo. 
Sav. Alb. Tosc. 929. Gaetano Savi, Trattato degli Alberi della Toscana. Firenze, 1801, 2 vols. 

8vo; ed. 2. 1811. 

Sav. Trat. 1241. See Sav. Alb. Tosc. 
Savfs Bibl. Ital. Savi (C.) in Bibliotheca Italica. 
Savi Tl. Pis. 765. Id., Flora Pisana. Pisis, 1798. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Savi's Botanicon Etruscum. 164. Id., Botanicon Etruscum. Pisis, 1808 and 1815. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Scandinavia. 1591. Travels in various parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa. By E. D. Clarke. Lon- 
don, 18101823. 6 vols. 4to. 

Scheuchz. It. 2186. Joh. Jac. Scheuchzer, Itineraria Alpina. Ed. 2. Lugd. Bat. 1723. 4to. 
Schcide et Deppe MSS. 2373. 

Schkuhr H. 296. Christ. Schkuhr, Botanisches Handbuch. Wittenberg, 17911803. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Schkuhr Handb. 398. See Schkuhr H. 

Schlccht. Linnaa. 586. A. Schlechtendal Filius, Linnaea. Berol. 1826, and continued. 8vo. 
Schlechtend. Berl. Mag. 748. A. Schlechtendal in Berl. Mag. 
Schleich. Cat. 769. See Schleicher Cat. 

Schleicher Cat. 1596. J. C. Schleicher, Catalog! Plantarum Helvetias exsiccatarum, 17941816. 
Schm. Arb. 415. See Schmidt Baum. 
Schmidt Baum. 493. F. Schmidt, (Esterreichs allgemeine Baumzucht. Wien, 1792 und 1794. 2 

vols. fol. 

Schmidt Fl. Boh. 1267- F. W. Schmidt, Flora Bohemica. Pragae, 1793, 1794. vols. fol. 
Schmidt Myc. 2148. See Schmidt S. M. 
Schoepf. Mat. Med. Amer. 1534. 'Joh. Dav. Schoepf. Materia Medica Americana. Erlang., 

1787. 8vo. 

Schoolmistress. 1?82. A poem by Shenstone. 
Schrad. Diss. 951. See Schrad. Diss. Philad. 
Schrad. Diss. Philad, 952. Schrader in De Candolle's Prodromus. 

Schrad. Gen. III. H. A. Schrader, Genera nonnulla Observationibus illustrata. Gdttingaj, 1808. 4to. 
Schrader Index Sem. Hort. Acad. Gb'tt. 828. Schrader (C. F.), Index Plantarum Horti Botanici 

Pedagogii Repii Glauchensis, Hall., 1772. 12mo. 
Schrader Hort. Gott. MSS. 1600. See above. 
Schranck Baier. (Bavar.) Fl. 1517. Franz Von Paula Schrank, Baiersche Flora. Munich, 1789. 2 

band. 8vo. 

Schranck Salisb. .1548. Id., Primitia? Florae Salisburgensis. Francof. Macn. 1792. 8vo. 
Se.hntnck Fl. Man. 767. Id., Plantse rariores Horti 5lonacensis. Munich, 1817 1819. Fol. 
SchrebM)ec. 744. Joh. Christ. Dan. Von Schreber, Icones Plantarum minus cognitarum, Decas 

I. Hahc, 17G6. Fol. 

Schreb. Gen. 1126. Id., Linnaei Genera Plantarum. Francof. 1786. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Schrift. dcr Gcsclls. Xaturf. Frcunde. 1705. See Act. Nat. Scrut. Berol. 
Schubert's Catalogue. 1199. Spis Roslin ogrodu Botanicznego Krolewskiego-Warszawskiego Oni- 

warsytetu. Catalogue des Plantes du Jardin Botanique de 1'Universite Royale de Varsovie. 

Public par M. Schubert Warsaw, 1824. 8vo. 

Schull. (Estr. Fl. 1405. F. A. Schultes, (Estrichs Flora. Wien, 1794. 2 band. 8vo. 
Schultz Fl. Starg. Suppl. 150*. Schultz (C. F.), Flora; Stargardiensis Supplementum Primum. 

Naubrand, 1819. 8vo. 
Scop. Cam. 342. Joh. Ant. Scopoli, Flora Carniolica. Vienna?, 1760, 1vol. 8vo; ed. 2. Vienna?, 

177-', 2 vols. 8vo. 

Scop. Del. Flor. Insubr. 1414. Id., Deliciae Floras Insubrica?. Ticini, 17861788. 3 vols. fol. 
Scotia Illustrata. 86. See Sibbald's Scotia Illustrata. 
Scots Gardener. 87. The Scots Gardener; whereunto is annexed the Gardener's Kalendar. By J. 

Reid. Edin. 1683. 4to. 

Scott's Marmion. 1763. A poem by SiiBWalter Scott. 
Scottish Crt/ptogamic Flora. 302. By Dl. Grevillc. Edin. 1822. 8vo. 
Seasons. 902. Thompson's Seasons. 

CC 2 



CCXX LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Seba Thesaur. 1361. Alb. Seba, Locupletissimi Rerum Naturalium Thesauri Descriptio. Amst. 

17341765. 4 vols. fol. 
Secondat Mem. du Chene. 1842. Memoires sur 1'Histoire Naturelle du Chene. Par M. De Secondat. 

Paris, 1785. Fol. 

Segu Vcr. 1241. Job. Franc. Seguier, Plantze Veronenses. Verona?, 1745. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Seligm. Av. Ic. 1301. Trew (C. J.1, Hortus, per J. M. Seligmann. Num. 17681786. 3 torn, folio. 
Selkirkshire Rep. 1226. General View of the Agriculture in the Counties of Roxburgh and Selkirk. 

By R. Douglas. Edinb. 1798. 8vo. 
Sentiment of Flowers. 1252. London, 1837. 
Sentimental Journey. 1643. Sentimental Journey through France and Italy. By the Rev. L. Sterne. 

London, 1768. 2 vols. 12mo. 
Sepp'slcones Lignorum. 1952. J. C. Sepp. A Representation of Inland and Foreign Wood, as well 

Trees as Shrubs ; set forth with the Dutch, German, English, French, and Latin Names together. 

Amsterd., 17731791. 2 vols. 4to. 

Set: Mel. 768. N. C. Seringe Melanges Botaniques. Berne, 1818. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Ser. Mus. Helv. 1491. Id., Muse Helv^tique d'Histoire Naturelle. Partie Botanique. Berne, 

181 8 and 1820. 4 vols. 4to. 
Series of Facts, $c. 1800. A Series of Facts, Hints, Observations, and Experiments on the different 

Modes of raising, pruning, and training young Trees in Plantations. By W. Billington. 

Shrewsbury, 1830. 8vo. 

Serins. Sal. exsicc. 1498. See Sering. Saules de la Suisse. 

Sering. Saules de la Suisse. 1541. N. C. Seringe, Saules de la Suisse. Berne. 5 fasc. 4to. 
Seringe Monogr. des Saules de la Suisse. 1574. Id., Essai d'une Monographic des Saules de la Suisse. 

Berne, 1815. 8vo. 
Shakspeare's Hamlet. 485. 
Shaw, 1. c., Icon., 2462. See Shaw's Afr. 
Shaw's Afr. 526. Shaw (T.), Travels or Observations relating to several Parts of Barbary and the 

Levant. Oxford, 1738, folio ; and London, 1757, 4to. 
Shaw's Staffordshire. 1402. The History and Antiquities of Staffordshire, &c. By the Rev. Stebbing 

Shaw. London, 17981801. Folio. 
Shepherd's Week. 2022. A poem by Gray. 
Shottercl and Durfey's Archery Revived. 2084. The Bowman's Excellence, or, Archery Revived ; a 

poem by R. Shotterel and T. Durfey. London, 1676. 8vo. 

Sibbald's Memoria Balfouriana. 86. By Sir Robert Sibbald, M.D. Edinburgh, 1699. 8vo. 
Sibbald's Scotia Illustrata. 86. Scotia Illustrata, sive Prodromus Historian Naturalis in quo Regionis 

Nature, &c. By Dr. R. Sibbald. Edin. 1084. FoL 
Sibthorp's Fl. Graze. 16. See Flor. Grcec. 

Sieb. Voy. de Crete. 320. Sieber (F. G.), Reise nach der Insel Kreta. Leipzig, 1823. 8vo.' 
Silbermann's Revue Entomologique. 2145. Silbermann, Revue Entomologique. Strasbourg, 1833. 

8vo, in parts. 
Silliman's Journal. 552. The American Journal of Science and Art. Conducted by Benjamin 

Silliman, M.D. In quarterly Nos. 8vo. 
Sims ct Kiin. Ann. of Bot. 1504. See Ann. of Bot. 
Simond's Travels through Italy in 1817- 2471. Simond (L), A Tour in Italy and Sicily. London, 

1828. 8vo. 

Singularities, $c. 2516. See Observations des Singularites, $c. 
Siris ; or, a Chain of Philosophical Reflections and Enquiries concerning the Virtues of Tar Water. 

2126. By Dr. G. Berkeley, Lord Bishop of Cloyne. Dublin, 1744. 8vo. 
Sketches. 2188. See Sketches in Spain. 
Sketches, &c. 44. Historical and Biographical Sketches of the Progress of Botany in England, from 

its Origin to the Introduction of the Linnzean System. By R. Pulteney, M.D. London, 1796. 

2 vols. 8vo. 

Sketches in Spain. 170. See Sketches in Spain, %c. 

Sketches in Spain, $c. 1353. Sketches in Spain. By Capt. S. E. Cook, R.N. London, 1834. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Sketches of the Mar. CoL of British America. 2139. See M'Grigor's Sketches of the Maritime 

Colonies, SfC. 

Sloane Hist. 480. See Sloane Jam. 

SloaneJam. 736. The Natural History of Jamaica. London, 1707 1725. 2 vols. fol. 
Smith's Agricultural Rerjort of Argyllshire. 92. General View of the Agriculture of the County of 

Argyll By J. Smith. Edinb. 1798. 8vo. 
Smith's Eng. Bot. 342. See Eng. Bot. 
Smith's Eng. Fl. 35. See Eng. Fl. 
Smith's Exot. Bot, 377. Exotic Botany. By Sir J. E. Smith. London, 1804, 1805. 2 vols. 4to, 

pi. 120. 

Smith's Flor. Brit. 366. See Fl. Br. 
Smith's Flor. Gr. 243. See Flor. Gr&c. 

Smith's History of Nova Scotia. 1125. Published in the Mag. Nat. Hist. 
Smith's Icon. 1095. See Smith Icon. Pict. 
Smith Icon. Pict. 995. Icones picta? Plantarum rariorum. By Sir J. E. Smith. London, 1790 

1793. Fol. 
Smith's Introd. to Bot. 1818. An Introduction to Physiological and Systematical Botany. Id. 

London, 1814. PI. 15. 
Smith's Prodromus of Sibthorp's Flora Greeca. 164. Flora? Graces? Prodromus : sive Plantarum 

omnium Enumeratio quas in Provinciis aut Insulis Gra?cia? invenit Johannes Sibthorp, M.D. ; 

cum Annotationibus. Id. London, 1806 1813. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Smith's (Sir J. E.} Translation of Linnaus's Lachesis Lapponica. 1105. See Tour in Lapland. 
Smith's Spic. 314. Spicilegium Botanicum. Id. Lat. et Eng). Fascic. duo. London, 1792. 

Fol pi. 24. 
Smith's Tour on the Continent. 145. A Sketch of a Tour on the Continent in the Years 1786, 1787. 

Id. London, 1793. 3 vols. 8vo. 

Soland. MS. in Herb. Banks. 1109. Solander's MS. in the Banksian Herbarium. 
Sopwith's Fountains Abbey. 2073. Eight Views of Fountains Abbey, intended to illustrate the Archi- 
tecture and Picturesque Scenery of that celebrated Kuinj with an Historical and Architectural 

Description. By Thomas Sopwith. Folio. 

Southey's Roderick. 1223. Roderick, the Last of the Goths. By Southey. 
Sow. Eng. Bot. 1832. See Eng. Bot. 
Spach Ann. des Scien. Nat. 987. Spach in the Annales des Sciences Naturellcs. 



OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 



Spectacle de la Nature. 2051. Spectacle de la Nature, ou Entretiens sur les Particularitcs de 1'His- 

toire Naturclle. Par Noel Pluche. Paris, 17641770. 8 vols. 12mo. A Translation, under the 

title of Spectacle de la Nature ; or, Nature Displayed ; being discourses on such Particulars of 

Natural History as wore thought most proper to excite the Curiosity and form the Minds of 

Youth. Illustrated with Copperplates. By Humphreys. London, 1740. 7 vols. 8vo. 
Spenser's Shepherd's Calendar. 1785. A poem by Spenser. 
Sprcng. Antiq. Hot. 1917. Kurt Sprengel, Antiquitatum Botanicarum Specimen. Lipsiaj, 1798. 

4to. 

Spreng. Gen. 1261. Sprengel's (C.) edition of Linnams's Genera Plantarum. Gott. 1830. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Spreng. Mag. 997. Sprengel (K.), Neue Entdeckungen in ganzen Urnfang der Pflanzenkunde. Leip. 

8vo. 

Spreng. Spec. Hot. Ant. 1721. Sprengel (K.), Antiquitatum Botanicarum Specimen. Leip. 1798. 4to. 
. Si/st. Append. 325. See Spreng. Si/st. 
eft Si/st. i.'49. Systema Vegetabilium, Caroli Limuci. Cur. Curtio SprengeL Gottinga?, 

1827. 4 vols. 8vo. 

Stackh. Comm. de Thcuphrast. 1643. See Theophrastvs's Historia Plantarum. 
Standish's Commons' Complaint. 836. The Commons' Complaint, concerning the Waste of Woods, 

and the Dearth of Victuals ; with Four Remedies for the same. London, 1611. 4to. 
Stat. Account. Scot. 1226. Sinclair (Sir G.), Statistical Account of Scotland. Drawn up from the 

Communication of the Ministers of the different Parishes. Edinb. 17911799. 21 vols. 8vo. 
Staunt. Embass. 2460. An authentic Account of an Embassy from the King of Great Britain to 

the Emperor of China. By Sir G. Staunton, Bart. Lond. 1797. 2 vols. 4to, pi. 44. 
Steers History of Peat Moss. 1464. Steel (A.), The Natural and Agricultural History of Peat 

Moss, or Turf Bog. Edinb. 1826. 8vo. 

Stephcnson and Churchill's Medical Botany. 465. See Churchill's Medical Botany. 
Stephens Illust. Haust. 1820. See Stephens (J. F.}, $c. ; the work being divided into two sections, 

Mandibulata and Haustellata. 
Stephens (J. F.}, Illustrations of British Entomology. London, 1828. 10 vols. and some parts, and 

continued. 8vo. 

Steud, Nom. Bot. 889. See Steudel's Nomenclator. 
Steudel's Nomenclator. I486. E. Steudel, Nomenclator Botanicus, enumerans Ordine alphabetico 

Nomina atque Synonyma Plantis imposita. Stuttgardt. et Tubing. 18211824. 2 vols. 8vo, 
Stev. Obs. ined. in H. U'illd. 745. 
St. Helena Gazette. 1511. A periodical 
St. Hilaire Livr. 1414. Saint Hilaire (Auguste), Histoire des Plantes les plus remarkables du Bresil 

et de Paraguay. Paris, 1824. 3 vols. 4to. 
Stirpium Historic Pemptades. 234. See Dod. Pempt. 
St. James's Chronicle. 1507. A London newspaper. 
Stake's Bot. 1123. A Botanical Arrangement of British Plants, &c., by W. Withering, including a 

new set of references to Figures. By Jonathan Stokes, M.D. Birmingham, 1787. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Story of Rimini. 2122. A poem by Leigh Hunt. 
St. Pierre's E'tudes de la Nature. 1307. J. Bernardin Henri De Saint Pierre, E'tudes de la Nature. 

Paris, 1800. 10 vols. 18mo. 

Strutt's Sylva, 1221. See Strutt's Sylva Britannica. 
Strutt's Sylva Britannica. 48. Sylva Britannica ; or, Portraits of Forest Trees distinguished for 

their Antiquity, &c. By J. G. Strutt. Imperial 8vo, 50 plates. 
Strype's Life ofGrindal. 35. Life and Acts of Bishop Grindal j with an Appendix. By John Strype, 

fa. A. London, 1710. Folio. 
Studies of Nature. 1006. SL Pierre's E'tudes de la Nature, translated by Dr. H. Hunter. London, 

1799. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Stunn D. Fl. 1494. Jacob Sturm, Deutschland Flora. Pars. 1. (Phanerog.), fasc. 128. Pars 2 

(Cryptog.), fasc. 1 11. Nurnberg, 1798 et seq. 2 vols. 4to. 
Suburban Gardener. 693- The Suburban Gardener, and Villa Companion : comprising the Choice 

of a Suburban or Villa Residence, or of a Situation on which to form one. By J. C. Loudon 

F.L.S., U.S., &c. London, 1838. 8vo. 
Suppl. Encyc. Agri. 738. Supplement to the Encyclopaedia of Agriculture. By J. C. Loudon, 

F.L.S.,&c. London, 1834. 8vo. 

Suppl. to Eng. Bot. 735. See Supplement to English Botany. 
Supplement to English Botany. 1453. See Eng. Bot. Suppl. 
Sur la Naturalisation des Arbres Forestieres de I'Amerique. 142. Memoire sur la Naturalisation, 

&c. Par F. A. Michaux. Paris, 1805. 8vo. 
Surrey. 28. See Manning and Bray's Surrey. 
Survey of Dorsetshire. 36. See Coker's Survey of Dorsetshire. 
Survey of Forfar shire. 100. See Hcadrick's Survey of Forfar shire. 
Survey of London. 512. A Survey of London, contayning the original! Antiquitie, Increase 

moderne Estate, and Description of that City, written in the Year 1598. By John Stowe 

Citizen of London. London, 1598. Small 4to. 
Survey of Worcestershire. 896. See Pitt's Survey of Worcestershire. 
Survey of the County of Nottingham. 1520. General View of the Agriculture of the County of 

Nottingham. By R. Lowe. London, 1798. 8vo. 
Sut. Helv. 1586. See Suter's Flora Helvetica. 

Suter's Flora Helvetica. 160. J. R. Suter. Flora Helvetica. Turici, 1802. 2 vols. 12mo. 
Sutherland's Catalogue of Plants in the Edinburgh Botanic Garden. 53. 
Sutherland's Hortus Medicus Edinburgensis. 104. Jas. Sutherland, Hortus Medicus Edinbureensis 

Edinb. 1683. 8vo. 

Svensk Bot. 1043. Svensk Botanik. Stokholm, 18041819. 8 vols. 8vo. 
Swartz Fl. Ind. Occ. 999. Olof seu Olaus Swartz, Flora India: Occidentalis. Brians 1787 

1806. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Swarlz Prod. 2271. Id., Prodromus Descriptionum Vegetab. Indiae Occidentalis. HolmitD 

1788. 8vo. 
Sw. Br. Fl.-Gard. 242. The British Flower-Garden. Conducted by R. Sweet and afterwards 

by Professor Don, till 1837. London. 8vo. 
Sweet's H.B. 388. See Sweet's Hort. Brit. 

Sweet's Hort. Brit. 240. Sweet (R.), Hortus Britannicus. London, 1826. 8vo. 
Swt. Cist. 318. Cistineac. The Natural Order of Rock Rose. By R. Sweet. London, 1S30 

8vo. 
Swt. Fl. Austr. 359. Flora Australasica. London, 1827, 1828. 8vo. 



CCXX11 LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Swz. Obs. 480. Olof seu Olaus Swartz, Observations Botanicac. Erlangaj, 1791. 8vo. 

Syl. Amcr. 263. See Sylva Americana. 

Syl. Sketches. 1029. Sylvan Sketches ; or, a Companion to the Park and the Shrubbery, &c. By 

Miss Kent, the Author of Flora Domestica. London, 1825. 8vo. 
Syllog. Nov. PI. Soc. Bot. Nat. ; liatisb. edita. 1487. Sylloge Plantarum Novarum a Societate Regia 

Ratisbonensi edita. Ratisbon, 1824, and continued. 

Sylva. 44. Sylva ; or, a Discourse on Forest Trees. By John Evelyn. London, 1664. 4to. 
Sylva Americana. 190. By D. J. Brown. Boston, 1832. 8vo. 
Sylva Britannica. 48. See Strutt's Sylva Britannica. 
Sylva Floriferu. 188. Sylva Florifera ; the Shrubbery, containing an Historical and botanical 

account of the Flowering Shrubs and Trees which now ornament the Shrubbery, &c. By H 

Philips, F.H.S. London, 1823. 2vols. 8vo. 
Synopsis of the British Flora. 734. See Lindl. Synops. 
Synopsis Methodica Stirpium Britannicarum. 53. Joh. Ray, Synopsis Methodica Stirpium Bri- 

tannicarum. Londini, ed. 2., 1696 ; ed. 3., 1724. 8vo. 
Syst. Eleuth. 1480. J. C. Fabricius, Systema Eleutheratorum secundum Ordines, &c. Kiliae, 

2 vols. 8vo. 
Syst. Veg. Quer. 1925. See Sprengel's Syst. Veg. 

T. 

Tabern. Krauterb. 1731. J. T. Tabernamontanus, Krauterbuch. Francof. Mein, 15881592. 

Ed. 2., Cur. C. Bauhino. Francof. Mein, 1613 und 1625. Basilia;, 1664 and 1731. 
Tableau Historique. 1233. Tableau Historique des Progres de la Culture des Arbrcs Odessa. 

Par M. Descemet. 

Task. 1308. Cowper's Task. A poem. 

Tenore. 420. Tenore (M), Sylloge Plantarum. Naples. 8vo. 
Ten. Syll. 1205. See Tenore. 
Tenor. Prod. Fl. Neap. 337. Mich. Tenore, Prodromus Floras Neapolitana?. Neap. 18111813. 

8vo. 
Tenor. Syn. Fl. Neap. 352. Id., Synopsis novarum Plantarum, qua in Prodromo describuntur. 

Neap. 1815. 8vo. 

Tenore Syll. Fl. Neapol. 2494. See Tenore. 

Tenor e's Flora Neapolitana. 164. Id., Flora Neapolitana. Neapoli, 1811 et seq. 6 fasc. fol. 
Tentamen Florce Nepalensis illustrate?. 2100. Dr. Wallich, Tentamen, &c. Calcutt. et Seramp. 

1824. Fol. 

Thalaba. 2040. A poem by Southey. 

The Analyst. 2082. The Analyst ; a monthly (quarterly) Journal of Science, Literature, and the 
Fine Arts. London, 1834, and continued. 
The Botanist's and Gardener's New Dictionary. 'SO. The Botanist's and Gardener's New Dictionary ; 

containing the Names, Classes, Orders, Generic Characters, &c. By Jas. Wheeler, Nurseryman, 

Gloucester. London. 8vo. 
The Colonies. 2327. The Colonies : Treating of their Value generally ; of the Ionian Islands in 

particular. By Col. C. J. Napier, C.B. London, 1833. 8vo. 
The Garden. 1991. A poem by Rapin. 
The Language of Flowers. 792. See Language of Flowers. 
The Laidley Worm of Spindleston Heughs. 919. An ancient Song. 
The Manner of raising Forest Trees, $c. 46. By Moses Cooke. London, 1676. 4to. 
The Pioneers. 2138. A novel by Cooper. 
The Schole of Shootyng. 2086. See Toxophilus. 
The State of Eton School. 839. A curious MS. 1560. 
The True Method of Improving an Estate by Plantations of Timber Trees. 80. By Batty Langley. 

London, 1728. 4to. 

The Winter's Tale. 486. One of Shakspeare's Plays. 
Theat. Bot. 1902. See Parkinson's Theat. Bot. 
Thtat d'Agri 1339. Olivier de Serres. Theatre d'Agriculture. Paris, 1600, foL ; 1611, 8vo, 

Geneve, 1639 ; Lyon, 1675 ; Paris, 1804, 1805. 2 vols. 4to. 
Theatre d'E'ducatian. 792. By Madame De Genlis. Paris, 6 torn. 12mo. 

Theologie des Insectes. 1816. F. C. Lesser, Theologie des Insectes, ou Demonstration des Perfec- 
tions de Dieu dans tout ce qui concerne les Insectes. Trad, de 1'Allemand : avec desRemarqucs 

de M. P. Lyonnet. A la Haye, 1742. 2 vols. 8vo, pi. 2. 
Theop/irastus's Historia Plantarum. 16. Theophrasti Historia Plantarum., Gr. et Lat. Amsterdam 

1644. Fol. Translated by J. Stackhouse. Oxford, 1811. 4to. 
Thtorie E'Umentaire. 215. A. P. De Candolle, Theorie elementaire de la Botanique. Paris, 

1813. 8vo. 

Thib. ined. 337. Thibaud's MS. 
Thickness'* For. Veg. 1834. A Treatise on Foreign Vegetables, &c. By Ralph Thicknesse, M.D. 

London, 1749. 8vo. 

Thomp. Disp. 677. Thompson's (A. T.) London Dispensatory. 
Thore Chlor. Land. 1482. J. Thore, Essai d'une Chloris du Department des Landes. Dax, 

1803. 8vo. 

Thore Prom, sur les Cdtes de Gascogne. 2214. Id. Dax, 1804. 8vo. 
Thouin Ann. Mus. 931. Thouin in Annales du Muse. 
Thouin Diet. Agric. 258. Thouin in Diet. Apric. 

Three Years in North America. 1919. By J. Stuart. Edinburgh, 1833. 12mo. 
Thuil Fl Par. 415. J. L. Thuillier. Flore des Environs de Paris. Paris, 1790. 12mo. 
Thuil. Paris. 1498. See Thuil. Fl. Par. 
Thun. Prod. 504, C. P. Thunberg, Prodromus Plantarum Capensium. Upsal, 1/94. 2 parts. 

Thunb. Diss. 1083. Id., Diss. de Erica. Upsal, 1785. 4to. Ed. 2. Cur. R. A. Salisbury. Feather- 

stone, 1800. 

Thunb. Fl. Jap. 235. See Thunb. Jap. 
Thunb. Jap. 304. Id., Flora Japonica. Lipsia;, 1784. 8vo. 
Thunb. Lin. Soc. Trans 235. Id., in the Transactions of the Linnsean Society. 
TUli Cat. Hort. Pisani. 1311. M. A. Tilli, Catalogus Horti Pisani. Florcntize, 1723. Fol. 
Tilloch's Phil. Mag. 1388. Sec Phil. Mag. 
Tin. Pug. 556. Sec Tin. Pug. Sic. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCXXlll 

Tin. Pttg. Sic. 557. Vine. Tineo, Pugillus Plantarum Sicillze rariorum. Panormi, 1817. 8vo. 

T \\-es ub Escnfieek lit-ii. VI. i'lm'u- Genuanicte. 1316. See Nees Von Esenbcck Gen. I'l. 

Totic Fung. Meek. 2148. H. J. Tode, Fungi Mcklenburgensis selecti. Lineburgi, 1790. 2 

Torrci/ Fl. r. S. .',:,:>. Torrey's Flora of the Northern and Middle States. New York, 1826. 
Tour in Ireland. ;just>. See Irish Tour. 

Tuur in Lapland. 110:".. l.ai-lu-si-, L;ipponica ; or, a Tour in Lapland, now first published from 
the original MS. Journal of the celebrated Linnaeus. By Sir J. K Smith. London, 1811. 
2 vols. MO. 

Tour in Scotland. 901. By Pennant. Chester, 1771. 8vo. 
Tour on the Continent. 14.".. Sou Smith's Tour on the Continent. 
Tourn. Cor. 602. J. Pitton de Tournefort, Corollarium Institutionum Rei Herbaria;. Paris, 

1703. 4to. 

Tourn. In at. '.W. Id., Institutions Rei Herbaria;. Paris. 1717 et 1719. 3 vols. 4to. 
Tourn. Itin. 1,310 Id., Relation il'un Voyage au Levant. Paris, 1717. 2 vols. 4to. 
Tojcophiius. LuNi. Toxophilus ; or Schole oi Shotyng, conteyned in Two Books. By Roger Ascham. 

London, 1541. 4tn. 
Tracts. 57. Tracts on Practical Agriculture and Gardening, in which the Advantage of imitating 

the Garden Culture in the Field, &c. By Richard Weston. London, 1769. 4to. 
Tnidt'scant's Catalogue. W. Published in Museum Tradescantianum. See Museum Trades- 
cant ianiun. 
Trag. Hist. 1198. Hieronomi Tragi, De Stirpium, maxime earum qua? in Germanica nostra nas- 

'cuntur, &c. Argentorati, 1551. 4to. 
Trait^ de r Amenagement des Bois et Foists, fyc.; suivi de Recherches sur les Chines d Glands doux. 

1735. Par M. Dralet. Paris, 1812. Small 8vo. 

Trait^ de la Chataigne. 19P6. Par A. A. Parmentier. Paris, 1770. 8vo. 

Trait r de la Culture des Terres. 137. H. L. Du Hamel du Monceau, Traite de la Culture des 
Terres. Paris, 17501761. 6 vols. 12mo. Vers. Germ., Dresden, 1752 ; Vers. Belg., Amste- 
lod., 1762. 

Trait^ Prat., fyc. 2155. See Traitt Pratique, fyc. 

Traitti Pratique de la Culture des Pins. 2121. See Delamarre's Trait6, 8fc. 
Traite sur les Mitriers blancs. 1350. Par C. Castellet Aix, 1760. 12mo. 
Trans. Roy. Soc. 2116. See Phil. Trans. 

Trans. Soc. Arts. 1969. See Transactions of the Society of Arts. 

Transactions of the Entomological Society of London. 906. London. Begun in 1834, in 8vo. 
Transactions of the Highland Society. 100. The Quarterly Journal of Agriculture ; and the Prize 
Essays and Transactions of the Highland Society of Scotland. Edin. 1828. In quarterly 
Nos. 8vo. 
Transactions of the Horticultural Society of London. 172. London, 1st series, 18121830, 7 vols. 

4ro ; 2d series, begun in 18;1, and continued occasionally. 
Transactions of the Prussian Horticultural Society. 149. Verhandlungen des Vereins zur Beforde- 

rungdes Gartenbaues in den Koniglich Preussischen Staaten. Berlin. 4to. 
Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy. III. Dublin. 4to. Published occasionally. 
Transactions of the Society for the Encouragement of Arts. 1475. Transactions of the Society for 
the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, Commerce, &c. Lond. 1783. Published occa- 
sionally. 
Transactions of the Society of Arts. 1550. See Transactions of the Society for the Encouragement 

of Arts. 

Transactions of the Society of Edinburgh. 789. Edin. 1788. 4to. Published occasionally. 
Tratt. Alb. Tosc. 2094. Trattinick in Savi (C.) Trattato degli Alberi della Toscana. Florence, 1801. 

2 vols.. 8vo. 

Tratt. Arch. 406. Leop. Trattinick, Archiv. der Gewsechskunde. Vienn. 1811 1812. 3 fasc. 4to. 
Tratt. Ros. 742. Id., Rosacearum Monographia. Vindob. 1823, 1824. 4 vols. small 8vo. 
Travelling Memorandums. 1662. Travelling Memorandums made in a Tour on the Continent of 
Europe in the Years 1786 and 1788. By Francis Garden, Lord Gardenstone. Edin. 1796. 3 
vols. 12mo. 

Travels. 556. Travels into North America ; containing its Natural History, with the Civil, Eccle- 
siastical, and Commercial State of the Country. By P. Kalm. In Swedish. Stockh. 1753, 1756, 
and 1761. 3 vols. 8vo. Translated by J. R. Forster. Warrington, 1770- 3 vols. 8vo. 
Travels. 786. See Porter's (Sir Robert Kcr) Travels. 
Travels. 1345. Dr. D. E. Clarke's Travels in various Countries of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Lond. 

1810. 4 vols. 4to. 

Travels. 2167. Travels in Poland, Russia, Sweden, &c. By W. Core, F.R.S. London, 1784. 
2 vols. 4to. 

Travels. 2408. Travels through the Southern Provinces of the Russian Empire, in the Years 1793 

17!4. By P. S. Pallas. 2 vols. 4to. 

Travels among the Arab Tribes. 2411. Travels among the Arab Tribes of Syria. By J. S. Buck- 
ingham. Lond. 1825. 4to. 

Travels in America in 1753. 1151. See Travels, 556. 

Travels in Asia Minor, S(C. 2411. B J. Macdonald Kinnier. London, 1818. 8vo. 
Travels in Egypt. 1930. See Olivicr's Travels. 
Travels in Georgia and Florida. 1018. See Bartratri's Travels. 
Travels in Greece. 511. By Dr. Chandler. London, 1766. 4to. 
Travels in New England. 2260. See Dwighfs Travels in New England. 
Travels in North America. 2194. See Travels, 556. 
Travels in Persia. 786. By Sir William Ouseley. London, 1819. 
Travels in Scotland. 2175. See Hall's Travels in Scotland. 
Travels in the Ionian Isles, %c. 2 :>27. Travels in the Ionian Islands, Albania, Thessaly, &c. By Dr. 

Holland, in 18131814. Lond. 1815. 4to. 
Travels in the Levant. 2-201. See Olivier's Travels. 

Travels in the Mysore. 2430. Bumes (A.), Travels into Bokhara, &c. London, 1834. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Travels in the Peruvian Andes. 2434. See Pceppig's Travels, Sfc. 
Travels in the Tarcntaise. 1430. Travels in the Tarentaise, &c. By R. Bakewell, Esq. London, 

1824. 8vo. 

Travels through Italy in 1817. 2471. See Simon's Travels, 8fc. 
Treat., SfC. 1904. See Boutchcr's Treatise on raising Forest Trees. 
Treatise on Ancient Arms and Armour, 2087. See Grose's, #c. 



CCXX1V LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Treatise on Civil Arch. 1441. Treatise on Civil Architecture. By Sir William Chambers London 
2d ed., 1768. Folio. 

Treatise on Country Residences. 2385. A Treatise on the forming, improving, and managing Coun- 
try Residences, &c. By J. C. Loudon, F.L.S., &c. Lond. 1S06. 2 vols. 4to 

Treatise on Forest Trees. 102. Earl Haddington. 1733. 

Treatise on the Acacia. 1616. See Withers's Treatise. 

Treatise on the Growth, Qualities, and. Uses of the Acacia Tree. 617. See Withers' s Treatise on the 
Acacia. 

Treatise on the Mulberry, %c. 1858. See Pascalis's Treatise on the Mulberry. 

Tredgold's Carpentry. 1219. Elementary Principles of Carpentry. By Thomas Tredgold. Lon- 

Trev. Obs. Bot. 1497. See Treviranus's Obs. Bot. 

Treviranus's Obs. Bot. 1454. Beytrage zur Pflanzen Physiologic. Gottingen, 1811. 8vo 

Trew Ehr. 841. See Trew Set. 

Trew Sel. 424. C. J. Trew, Planta? selectee ab Ehret. pictae. 17501753. Fol. 

Trufflebau. 1975. See Der Trlifflebau. 

Turner's Herbal. 25. See Turner's Names of Herbes. 

Turner's Names of Hei-bes. 35. A New Herball ; with the Names of Herbes in Greek, Latin, 

Dutch, French, &c. ; with numerous wood-engravings. In 2 parts. Pt. 1., London, 1551, fol. ; 

pt 2., Collen, 1562, fol. 
Turp. ct Pott. Fl. de Par. 1212. Poiteau et Turpin, Flore Parisienne. Paris, 1808, et suiv. Fol. 

U. 

Ungarisch Mag. 2186. Ungrisches Magazin von H. C. Von Windisch. Presburg, 17811783. 

3 vols, 8vo. 
Ups. 1259. C. Linnaeus, Hortus Upsaliensis. Stockholm, 1748. 8vo. 

V. 

Vahl Enum. 1203. Martinus Vahl, Enumeratio Plantarum. Haunia?, 1805, 1806. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Vahl Fl. Dan. 1594. See Fl. Dan. 

Vahl Symb. Id., Symbol* Botanicae. Haunia?, 17901794. 3 fasc. fol. 

Vail. Herb. 601. Vaillant (S.), Botanicon Parisiense. Lug. Bat 1723. "8vo. 

Vaill. Acad. Scien. 1203. Vaillant in Acad. des Scien., &c. 

Various Thoughts on Planting and Training Timber Trees. 188. By Dr. Anderson, under the Name 

of Agricola. Edin. 1777. 8vo. 
Vegetable Statistics. 1189. By S. Hales. London, 1727, 8vo: ed. 2., 1733; ed. 3, in Statistical 

Essays, 1738. 



Veiled Prophet of Khorassan. 2040. A poem by Moore. 
Vent. Cels. 259. E. P. Ventenat, Description des 



Plantes nouvelles ou peu connues du Jardin de 

J. M. Cels. Paris, 1800, fol. ; ed. Germ., Rcemer, Zurich, 1802. 
Vent. Choix. 330. Id., Choix des Plantes. Paris, 18031808. 10 fasc. foL 
Vent. Hort. Cels. 358. See Vent. Cels. 
Vent. III. 662. See Vent. Malm. 
Vent. Jar d. Malm. 1266. See Vent. Malm. 

Vent. Malm. 642. Id., Jardin de la Malmaison, 18031805. 2 vols. fol. 
Vent. Tabl. du Regne Veget. 1362. Id., Tableau du Regne Vegetal. Paris, 1797. 4 vols. 8vo. 
Ventenat Dec. Nov. Gen. 2462. Id., Decas Generum novorum, &c. 18U8. 4to. 
Verhand. Batav. Genootsch. 2329. Verhandelingen van het Uataviaash Genootschap der Koustan 

an wetenschappen. Batavia aut Rotterdam, 1770 1792. 6 vols. 8vo. 
Versuch liber die Metamorphose der Pflanzen. 225. See Gothe's Ditto. 
Vetusta Monumenta. 1748- Vetusta Monumenta quae ad Rerum Britannicarum Memoriam conser- 

vandam Societas Antiquariorum Londini sumptu suo edenda curavit. London, 17471796. 3 

torn, folio. 
Vill. Cat. Strasb. 889. D. Villars, Catalogue methodique du Jardin de Strasbourg. Strasbourg, 

1807. 8vo. 

Vill. Dauph. 421. See Villars' s Plantes du Dauphint. 

Vill. Prosp. 587. Villars (M.), Prospectus de 1'Histoire des Plantes du Dauphine. Grenoble, 1779. 
Villars's Plantes du Dauphine. 2276. Id., Histoire des Plantes du Dauphine. Grenoble, 1786 

1788. 4 vols. 8vo. 
Virgil &n., Dryden's Trans. 1784. Dryden's Translation of Virgil, Carey's ed. Lond. 1806. 3 

vols. 8vo. 
Visiani PL Dalm., ex Bot. Zeit. 587. Plantae Dalmatica? nunc primum editac a R. De Visiani, M.D., 

in the Botanische Zeitung. 1830. 
Vitman. Sp. PI. 2318. Vitmann, Summa Plantarum quae hactenus, &c. Mediol. 1789 1792. 6 

vols. 8vo. 

Viv . Ann. Bot. 583. Dom. Viviani, Annali di Botanica. Genova, 18021804. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Via. Fragm. 343. Id., Floras Italicae Fragmenta. Genuas, 1808. 4to. 
Volkamer's Continuation der Nurembergischen Hesperidum. 1337- Ntirnberg, 1708. Folio. 
Voy.from Egypt. 526. See Delil. Descr. Egypt. 
Voyage d la Louisiane. 2484. Dupratz. 
Voyage aux lies Canaries. 2263. See FeuiUee It. 

Voyage dans les Petits Cantons, et dans les Alpes Rhetiennes. 2276. See Kasthofer's Voyage dans, SfC. 
Voyage de Crete. 638. Siebuhr. 

Voyage de Syrie et du Mont Liban. 2409. Par Jean De la Roque. Paris, 1722. 2 vols. 12mo. 
Voyage to Crete. 320. See Voyage de Crete. 
Voyage to the Levant. 2410. Voyage to the Levant, &c. By Cornelius Bruyn. London, 1702. fol. 

W. 

Wen. 1074. See Willd. Enum. 

W SP- 238. See Willd. Sp. PL 

Wade's Salices. 1498. Salices. By Dr. Wade. Dublin, 1811. 8vo. 

Wahl FLSuec. 1138. G. Wahlenberg, Flora Suecica. Upsal, 1824 1826. 2vols.Svo. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCXXV 

Wahl. Helv. 339. Id., DC Vegctatione et Climate in Helvetia Septentrional!, intra Rhenum et 

Arolam. Turici, 1813. 8vo. 

WahlcHb. Fl. Carp. 600. Id.. Flora Carpatorum principalium, exhibem Plantas in Montibus Car- 
paticis, inter Flumina Waagum et Uunajetz, crescentes ; cum Tractatu de Altitudine, &c., horum 
Montium. Getting. 1814. 8vo. 
Wahlenb. Fl. Lapp. 1544. Id., Flora Lapponica, in Itineribus 18001810 denuo investigate Bero- 

lini, 1812. 8vo. 

Waldst. et Kit. PL Hung. 372. See Waldst. et Kit. PI. Ear. Hung. 
Waldst. et Kit. PI. Rar. Hung. 532. Waldstein et Kitaibel, Descriptiones et Icones Plantarum 

rariorum Hungarian Vienna, 18021812. 3 vols. folio. 

Watt. Asiat. Res. 390. Nath. Wallich, Asiatic Researches ; or, Transactions of the Society insti- 
tuted at Bengal. 1788. 4to. 
Wall. Cat. 872. Wallich's MS. Catalogue of the Plants contained in the Herbarium of the East 

India Company, now in the Possession of the Linnaean Society. 

Wall. Fl. tnd. 500. Id., Tentamen Florae Nepalensis illustrata;. Calcutta, 1824. Folio. 
Wall. MSS. 306. See Wall. Cat. 
Wall. PI. As. Rar. 245. See Wall. PI. Asiat. Rar. 

Wall. PI. Asiat. Rar. 390. Id., Plantte Asiatics rariores; or, Descriptions and Figures of a select 
Number of unpublished Plants of the East Indies. London, 18301832. 8 vols. royal fol. 
300 plates. 
Wallr. Sched. 739. F. W. Wallroth, Schedule critica; de Plantis Flora; Halensis selectis, &c. Hate, 

1822. 8vo. 
Wallroth Monog. 813. F. G. Wallroth, Rosae Plantarum Generis Historia succincta, &c. Nord- 

husa;, 1828. 8vo. 
Walpole's Memoirs. 2203. Walpole's (R.) Memoirs relating to European and Asiatic Turkey, &c. 

London, 1818. 4to. 
Walsh's History of Dublin. 117. Whitelow and Walsh's History of the City of Dublin, &c., with 

numerous plates and maps. Lond., 1818. 2 vols. 4to. 
Walt. Car. 653. See Walt. Fl. Car. 

Walt. Fl. Car. 240. Thorn. Walter, Flora Caroliniana. Londini, 1788. 8vo. 
Walt. Hort. 1291. A. F. Walther, Designatio Plantarum Horti ejus. Lipsiae, 1735. 8vo. 
Wanderings. 918. Wanderings in South America, &c., in the years 1812, 1816, 1820, and 1824. 

By Charles Waterton, Esq. London, 1825, 4to ; 2d ed. 1829, 8vo ; 3d ed. 1836, small 8vo. 
Wang. Am. 820. See Wangenh. Amer. 
Wang. Beytr. 691. Wangenheim (F.A.G.), Anpflanzung nord-americanischer Holzarten. Got- 

tinga?, 1787. 3 vols. folio. 
Wang. Forst. 1879. See Wang. Beytr. 
Wangenh. Amcr. 691. See Wang. Beytr. 
Wats. Dend. 470. See Watson's Den'd. Brit. 
Wats. Dendr. Brit. 1417. See Watson's Dend. Brit. 
Watson's Dend. Brit. 1421. P. W. Watson, Dendrologia Britannica; or, Trees and Shrubs that 

will live in the open Air of Britain. London, 1825. 2 vols. 8vo, pi. 172. 
Watson's Outlines. 2019. Outlines of the Geographical Distribution of British Plants. By H. C. 

Watson. London, 1832. 

Webb and Bert hole fs Histoire Naturelle des lies Canaries. 1332. Histoire Naturelle 'des Isles Cana- 
ries. Par MM. P. Barker Webb et Sabin Berth olet. Paris, 18361838. 4to and fol, many plates. 
Weihe and Nees's Rubi Germanici. 735. A. Weihe et C. G. Nees ab Esenbeck, Rubi Germanici. 

Bonn, 1822. Fol., pi. 53. 

Wendl. Eric. 1081. J. C. Wendland, Ericarum Icones et Descriptiones. 1798etseq. 4to. 
Wendl. Hort. Id., Hortus Herrenhusanus. 17981801. 4 fasc. fol. 
Wendl. Obs. 298. Wendland (J. C.), Botanische Beobachtungen nebst einigen neuen Gattungen und 

Arten. Hannover, 1798. Fol. 
Wern. Spc. Trans. 1137. See Wernerian Trans. 
Wernerian Trans. 1704. Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society. Edinburgh, 1811, 

&c. 8vo. 

West of England Journ. of Science and Lit. 1120. Bristol, 1835. 8vo. 
Western Times. 1837. A provincial newspaper. 
Wheel. Itin. 399. See Wheeler's Journey. 
Wheeler's Journey. 400. A Journey into Greece in the Company of Dr. Spor of Lyons. By Sir G. 

Wheeler. London, 1682. Folio. 

Whit. Craven. 11:25. See Whittakcr's History of Craven. 
Whittaker's History of Craven. 1225. History and Antiquities of the Deanery of Craven, in the 

County of York. By the Rev. T. Whittaker. London, 1805. Folio. 

Wibel Wirth. 763. A. G. E. C. Wibel, Primitia; Flora; Wertheimensis. Jenae, 1799. 8va 
Wifffn's Garcilasso. 1654. Works of Garcilasso de Vega, translated into English verse, with an 
Essay on Spanish Poetry. By J. H. Wiffen. With a portrait and wood-cuts. London, 1823. 8vo. 
Wight's Husbandry of Scotland. 92. The present State of the Husbandry in Scotland. By Andrew 

Wight. Edinburgh, 17781790. 6 vols. 8vo. 
Wikstrb'm Diss.de Daphne, loll. J. E. Wikstrdm, Dissertatio Botanica de Daphne. Stockholm, 

1820. 4to. 

Willd. Ab. 284. See Abbildung der Deutschcn Holzarten. 
Willd. Abbild. 42. See Abbildung der Deutschen Holzarten. 
Willd. Arb. 235. See Willdenow's Baumzucht. 
Willd. Baum. 301. See Willdenow's Baumzucht. 

Willd. Berl. Baumz. 1229- Id., Berlinische Baumzucht. Berl. 1811. 8vo. 
Willd. Enum. 303. See Willdenow's Enumeration, $c. 
Willd. Enum. Suppl. 351. Id., Enumeratio Plantarum Horti Berolinensis. Supplementum posthu- 

mum addidit Schlechtendal. 
Willd. Hort. Bcr. See Willd. Enum. 

Willd. Holzart. 364. See Abbildung der Deutschen Holzarten. 
Willd. Sf>. <_>;&. See Willd. Sp. PI. 
Willd. Spec. 423. See Willd Sp. PI. 

Willd. Sp. PI. Id., Limuei Species Plantarum. Berol. 1797. 5 vols. 8vo. 
Willdenow's Baumzucht. 146. Id., BerlinUche Baumzucht. Berol. 1811. 8vo. 
WUldenovj's Enumeration of the Plants of the Berlin Royal Garden. 1416. Id., Enumeratio Planta- 
rum Horti Berolinensis. Berol, 1809. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Wilson's American Ornithology. 86. American Ornithology ; or, the Natural History of the Birds 
of the United States. Philadelphia, 18081814. 9 vols. 4to, pi. 76. 

(1 d 



CCXXV1 LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Winch Gt-ogr. I)istrib. 769. An Essay on the Geographical Distribution of Plants through the 
Counties of Northumberland, Cumberland, and Durham. By N. J. Winch. Newcastle. Ed. 2. 
1825. Pamph. 8vo. 

Withcring's Botany. 122,3. A Systematical Arrangement of British Plants. By W. Withering, M.D. 
Birmingham, 1776, 1 vols. 8vo ; ed. 7. with additions, London, 1830, 4 vols. 8vo. 

Withers' s Treat. 611. See Withers's Treatise on the Acacia. 

Withers'* Treatise. Gift See Withers's Treatise on the Acacia. 

Withers's Treatise on the Acacia. 616. A Treatise on the Growth, Qualities, and Uses of the Acacia 
Tree, &c. By W. Withers, Esq., of Holt, Norfolk. 1836. 8vo. Not published. 

Wolff" s Missionary Journal. 2411. Wolff (J.), Missionary Journal. London, 18271829. 3 vols. 8vo. 

Hood's Bowman's Glory. 2086. The Bowman's Glory, or Archery Revived ; giving an Account of 
the many signal Favours vouchsafed to Archers and Archery by those renowned Monarchs 
King Henry VIII., James, and Charles I., as by their several gracious Commissions here recited 
may appear. With a brief Relation of the Manner of Archers marching on several Days of 
Solemnity. Published by William Wood. Martial to the Regiment of Archers. London, 
1682. 12mo. 

Woodhouselee's Life of Lord Kaimes. 94. Memoirs of the Life and Writings of the Hon. Henry 
Home of Kames. By A. F. Tytler, Lord Woodhouselee. Edinb. 1807. 2 vols. 4to. 

Woodlands. 188. The Woodlands. By William Cobbett. London, 1825. 8vo. 

Woodville's Med. Bot. 485. Medical Botany; containing Systematic and General Descriptions, with 
Plates, of all the Medicinal Plants, indigenous and exotic, &c. By W. Woodville, M.D. 
London, 1790. 3 vols. 4to. 

Woodville's Med. Bot. Suppl. 393. See Woodville's Mcd. Bot. 

Words. Poems. 1339. Wordsworth's Poems. 

Works in Prose and Verse. 94. See Pennycuick's Works in Prose and J'erse. 

Y. 

Yates's Account of New Zealand. 2604. In the London Phil. Mag. 

Yardley Chase. 1785. See Cowper's Yardley Chase. 

Year. 1223. A poem by Bidlake. 

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IMOS. Bury St. Edmunds, 17901804. 40 vols. 8vo. 
Young's Essex. 1760. General View of the Agriculture of the County of Essex. By A. Young. 

London, 1807. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Young's Tour in Ireland 2335. See Irish Tour. 



Zan. Hist. 1259. J. Zanoni. Rariorum Stirpium Historia : ex parte olim edita ; nunc Centum plus 

Tabulis ampliata. Ed. C. Montio. Bonon. 1742. Fol. pi. 185. 
Zoological Journal. 2140. Zoological Journal. London, 1825, &c. 8vo. 



CCXXVI1 



CONTENTS OF VOL. I. 



The Roman numerals refer to the General Table of Contents, p. xvii. to cliii., where the species and 
varieties, with all their synonymes, will be found systematically arranged ; the first column of Arabic figures, 
to the pau'es of the text in this volume ; and the second, to those of the supplementary matter contained in 
Vol. IV. 

The names of the hall-hardy and suffruticose orders and genera are in small type. 





I. 


; 


IV. 




I. 


J. 


IV. 


Rammculdcece. 


xvii 


231 


2534 


CrucidcecB. 


xxi. 


312 




CLEMATI'DEJE. - 


xvii. 


232 


2534 


Fella 
Cress- Rocket. 


xxi. 


312 




Clematis 


xvii. 


232 


2534 


Oheir<lnthus 


xxi. 


313 


2.53S 


Lady's Bower. 
Traveller's Joy. 








Vesicaria 
.-llvssuni 
/beris 


xxi. 
xxi. 
xxi. 


313 
313 
313 


2538 


Virgin's Bower. 








//epfdium 


xxi. 


313 




^tragene - 


xvii. 


246 




Sisj'mbrium 


xxi. 


313 




P&OTXIA'CEjE. 


xviii. 


249 


2535 


Cappariddcece. - 


xxi. 


313 




Pxonia 


xviii. 


249 


2535 


Cdpparis 


xxi. 


313 




Tree Pceony. 








Caper Buth. 








Xanthorhiza L. - 


xviii. 


255 












Yellow Root. 








Cistdcece. 


xxi. 


316 


2538 


Winter-dcex. 


xviii. 


256 




Cistus L, 


xxi. 


317 


2538 










Rock Rose. 








Illicium 
Aniaeid Tree. 


xviii. 


pen 




Helianthemum Tourn. 


xxii. 


317 


2538 










Sun Rose. 








A%w0fiacese. - 


xix. 


259 


2536 


Hudsoma 


XXV. 


354 




Magnoh'a 
Umbrella Tree. 


xix. 


259 


2536 


Poli/galacece. - 


XXV. 


354 




Cucumber Tree. 








folygala L. 


xxvi. 


356 


2538 


Indian Physic. 








Milkruort. 








Liriod^ndron L. 
Tulip Tree. 

Munu/i.iia 
Michelia 


xix. 

xix. 
xix. 


284 

291 

291 


2536 


Pittospordcecc. - 

Billardiera Sm. 


xxvi. 

xxvi. 


356 

356 












Apple Berry. 
















S<51lva LincU. ' - 


xxvi 


357 




Dilleniacese. 


xix. 


292 




Pttmnornm Bankt 
Senaciu Dec. 


xxxl 
xxvi 


358 
359 




Hibberttu 


xix. 


292 




J<ursaria Cat'. 
Cheiranthera Lindl. 


xxvi 
xxvi 


359 
359 




Anonaceae. 

Asimina Adans. 
Custard Apple. 


XX. 
XX. 


293 
292 


2536 
2536 


Caryophylldcece. 

Didnthus 
Tree Clove Pink. 


xxvi. 

xxvi. 


359 

359 












Silene L. 


xxvi. 


359 




Schizandrdcece. - 


XX. 


295 




Arenaria W. 


xxvi. 
xxvi. 


359 
359 




Srlii/andra 


XX. 
XX. 
XX. 


190 

MB 




Liindcees. 


xxvi. 


360 












Linum L. 


xxvi. 


360 





Menispermdcece. 



xx. 295 



JL 

Menispcrmum - 
/seed. 


XX. 


296 




Malvdcece. 

Lavatera 


xxvi. 
xxvi. 


360 
360 


Cocculus 


XX. 


297 




TreeMallou". 














hibiscus - 


xxvi. 


361 


Berberaceae. - 


XX. 


298 


2536 


Althtea Frutex. 


xxvi. 


363 


Berberis 


XX. 


298 


2536 








"Berberry. 

Malioiiia Nutt. 


xxi. 


308 


2537 


Sterculidcece. 


XXV. 


363 


Ash Berberry. 








Sterculia 


XXV. 


363 



CCXXV111 



CONTENTS OF VOL. I. 



Tilidcea. 


xxvii. 


I. 

364 


IV. 

253 


Meliacea. 


I. 
xxxiii. 


i. 
476 


IV. 


Tilia L. - 


xxvii. 


364 


253 


Jfelia 




" 




Lime Tree. 








Bead Tree, or Indian Lilac. 


XXXIII. 






Linden Tree. 
















Grtvfe L. 


KVU. 


376 


254 


Vitdcea. 


xxxiii. 


477 


2544 


Temstrom \ aceae . 


xxvii. 


376 


2540 


Htis - 


xxxiii. 


477 




Malachodendron Car. 


xxvii. 


377 




Grape Vine. 








Stuarti'a Cav. - 
Gordonm Ellis - 
Loblolly Bay. 


xxviii. 
xxxviii. 


378 
387 


2540 


Ampelopsis - 
Five-leaved Ivy. 
Virginian Creeper. 
Cissus 


xxxiii. 

xxxiii. 


481 

483 


2544 


Camellia L. 


xxviii. 


381 


2540 










Japan Rote. 
















Tkea L. 
Tea Tree. 


xxiz. 


392 




Geranidcece. 


xxxiv. 


483 




Eurya Royle 


xxix. 


395 




















Pelargbnium 


xxxiv. 


483 




Aurantidcece. 

Citrus 
Orange Tree. 


xxix. 

xxix. 


395 

395 


2540 


Zygophylldcece. - 


xxxiv. 


484 




Limbnia Dec. 


xxix. 


395 




Meliinthus -. ' 


xxxiv. 


484 












Honey Flower. 








Hypericacete. . 


xxix. 


397 


2541 


Zygophyllum 
Bean Caper. 


xxxiv. 


484 




jHypericum L. - 
* St. John's Wort. 


xxix. 


397 


2541 


Rutdcete. 


xxxiv. 


484 


2544 


^ndrosae'mum Chois. - 


XXX. 


397 




.Ruta 


xxxiv. 


484 


2544 


Tutsan. 








Rue. 
Aplophyllum Andr. Juss 


xxxiv. 


487 




Acerdcece. 
Jeer 


XXX. 
XXX. 


4O4 
4O5 


2541 
2541 


Xanthoxyldcece. - 


xxxiv. 


488 


2544 


Maple. 
Sycamore. 
Negundo 
Box Elder. 


XXX. 


460 


2543 


Xanthoxylum - - xxxiv. 
Toothache Tree, or Prickly Ash. 
Ptelea - . xxxiv. 


488 
489 


2544 










Shrubby Trefoil. 








JEsculdcets. 


xxxii. 


462 


2543 


AUdntus 
Atlanta. 


xxxiv. 


490 




./E'sculus 
Horsechesinut. 
Pavta 
Buckeye. 


xxxii. 
xxxii. 


462 
469 


2543 
2543 


Coridcece. 

Coriaria Niss. - 


xxxiv. 
xxxiv. 


492 
492 


2545 
2545 


Sapinddcece. - 


xxxiii. 


474 




Staphyleacea. 


xxxiv. 


493 




Kolreuteria Laxm. - 

DoUonarV L. 


xxxiii. 

xxxiii. 


475 

476 




taphylea 
Bladder-nut Tree. 


xxxiv. 


493 





ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO VOL. I. 



CCXX1X 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO VOL. I. 





I. 


I. 


IV. 


I. 


I. 


IV. 


A N cer 


XXX. 


405 


2541 


Hypericdcece 


xxix. 


397 


2541 


AcerdcetB 


XXX. 


404 


2541 


Hyp&iicum L. - 


xxix. 


397 


2541 


JKsculdcets 


xxxii. 


462 


2543 


/beris L. 


xxi. 


313 


2538 


yE'sculus L. - 
Ailanto 


xxxii. 
xxxiv. 


462 
490 


2543 


Indian Lilac 

Indian Physic - 

Iljfr-ium L. 


xxxiii. 

xix. 

xviii. 


476 

276 

256 


2536 


Ailantus 
Althaea Frutex - 

^Ivssum - 


xxxiv. 
xxvi. 

xxi. 


490 
361 

313 




Kolreutt'ria Laxm. 
Ladies' Bower - 


XX. 

xxxiii. 
xvii. 


295 
475 

232 


2534 


Ampelopsis 
Anonacea? 


xxxiii. 

XX. 


481 
292 


2544 
2536 


Lavgtera 
Aepitlium 

Lime Tree - 


xxvi. 

XXI. 

xxvii. 


3GO 
313 

364 


2538 


,<4ndrosa^mum Chois. 


XXX. 


397 




Limbma Dec. 


xxix. 


395 




Aniseed Tree 


xviii. 


256 




Linaceae 


xxvi. 


360 




Aplophyllum And. Juss. 


xxxiv. 


487 




/.hium L. 

Liriodendron L. 


xix. 


360 

284 


2536 


Apple Berry - 

Arenkria W m 


xxvi. 

xxvi. 


356 

369 




Loblolly Bay 


X. 


387 




Ash-barbery 


xxi. 


308 


2537 


Magnolia 


xix. 


260 


2536 


Asimina Adans. 


XX. 


292 


2536 


Magnoliacese 


xix. 


259 


2536 


Atrfaeae L. - 


xviii 


246 


.2540 


Mahom'a Nutt. 


xxi. 


308 


2537 


Aurnntittcea 


xxix. 


395 


2440 


Malachod^ndron Cav. 


xxvii. 


377 




Barberry 


XV. 


298 


2536 




xxvi. 


360 




Bead Tree 
Bean Caper 

Berberacea? 


xxxiii. 
xxxiv. 
XX. 


476 
486 

298 


2536 


MangliHia 

Maple 


xix. 
XXX. 


291 

405 


2541 


B6rberis L. - 


XX. 


298 


2536 


Jtfelia 
Melidcete 


xxxiii. 
xxxiii. 


476 
476 




Billardiera Sm. 


xxvi. 


356 




Meliiinthus L. 


xxxiv. 


484 




Bladder-nut Tree 


xxxiv. 


493 




MenispermdcetR 


XX. 


296 




Box Elder 


xxxi. 


460 


2543 


Menisprmum L. 


XX. 


296 




Bursaria Can. 


xxvi. 


359 




Michel ia 


xix. 


291 




Camellia L. 


xxviii. 


<581 


2540 


Milkwort 


xxvi. 


356 


2538 


Caper Bush 

Capparidiicete 


xxi. 
xxi. 


313 
313 




Moonseed 


XX. 


296 




Claris L 


xxi. 
xxvi. 


313 

359 




Negundo 


XXX. 


460 


2543 


Cheiranthus 
Clssus L. 


xxvi. 
xxi. 

xxxiii. 


359 
312 

483 


2538 


Oran|?e Tree 

Paeom'a L. - 


xxix. 

xviii. 


395 

249 


2535 


CistdcecB 


xxi. 


316 


2538 


P#oniaceae 


xviii. 


249 


2335 


Cistus L. 

Citrus L. 


xxi. 

I\\:\. 


317 

395 


2538 


Peeony 

Pa via 


xviii. 

xxxii. 


249 

469 


2535 

2543 


Clematidece L. 


xvii. 


232 


2534 


Pelargonium 

Pittosporficeae 


xxxiv. 
xxvi. 


483 
356 




Clematis 


xvii. 


232 


2534 


1'itti^porum Banks 


xxvi. 


358 




Clove Pink Tree 


xxvi. 


359 




Polygala L. 


xxvi. 


356 
355 


2538 


Cdcculus Bnuh. 

Coridcecs 


XX. 

xxxiv. 


297 

492 


2545 


Ptelea 


xxxiv. 


489 


2544 


Cbriaria Niss. - 


xxxiv. 


492 


2545 


RawMwcw7ace<B - 


xvii. 


231 


2534 


Crucidcea 


xxi. 


312 


2538 


Rock Rose - 


xxi. 


317 


2538 


Cucumber Tree 


xix. 


273 


2536 


Rue 


xxxix. 


484 


2544 


Custard Apple 

Dianthus 


XX. 

xxvi. 


292 

359 


2536 


tfuta L. 
Rutdcece 


xxxiv. 
xxxiv. 


484 
484 


2544 
2544 


itodona^^L 


xix. 

xxxiii. 


292 
47G 




Sapinddceee 


xxxiii. 


474 






xxvi. 


HI 




Schizandra MX. - 


XX. 


295 




KuryaKov/e 


xxix. 


395 




SchixinJrSiceac 


XX. 


295 




Geraniiscetf 


xxxiv. 


483 




S.-II,'II-M Dec. 


xxvi. 


359 




Gordonm Ellis 


xxviii. 


378 


2540 


Shrubby Trefoil 


xxxiv. 


489 




Grape Vine 


xxxiii. 


477 




Sida Bonp. 
Silene L. - 


xxvi. 
xxvi. 


363 
359 




Grewia L. 


xxvii. 


376 


3540 




xxi. 


313 




//elianthemum Tourn. 


xxii. 


328 


2538 


BtfUj* Lindl. 


xxvi. 


357 




HiMirrtM 


xix. 


292 




Sphaerostema 


XX. 


295 




Hibiscus L. - 


xxvi. 


361 




Staphylea 


xxxiv. 


493 




Horsechestnut 


xxxii. 


462 


2543 


Staphyledcece 


xxxiv. 


493 




Hudsonia 


XXV. 


354 




Sterciilia 
Strrculiacctt 

A _ 


xxvi. 
xxvi. 


363 
363 





ccxxx 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO VOL. I, 





i. 


i. 


IV. 


I. 


I. 


IV. 


St. John's Wort 


xxiv. 


397 


2541 


Tutsan 


XXX. 


397 




Stuartm Cav. 


xxvili. 


378 




Umbrella Tree 


xix. 


269 


2536 


Sun Rose 


xxii. 


328 


2538 


Fella L. 


xxi. 


312 




Sycamore - 

Tea Tree 


XXX. 

x\ix. 


414 

392 


2542 


Kesicaria 

Virginian Creeper 


xxi. 

- xxxiii. 


313 

481 


2544 


TernstromtJce 
Thta L. 


xxvii. 
xxix. 


.176 
392 


2540 


Virgin's Bower 


xvii. 


285 


2534 


Tilia L. 


xxvii. 


364 


2538 


Fitaceee 


xxxiii. 


477 


2544 


Tiliaceae 


xxvii. 


364 


2538 


Pitis 


- xxxiii. 


477 




Toothache Tree 


xxxiv. 


488 




\Vintettice< 

Xanthorhiza L. 


xviii. 

xviii. 


256 

255 




Traveller's Joy 
Tree Flax - 


xvii. 
xxvi. 


235. 
360 


2534 


Xanthoxylaceae 
Xanthoxylum L. 


xxxiv. 
xxxiv. 


488 
488 


2544 


Tree Mallow- 
Tree Paeony 


xxvi. 

xviii. 


360 
249 




Yellow Root - 


xviii. 


255 




Tulip Tree - 


xix. 


284 




Zv^ophyllacese 
Zygophyllum L. 


xxxiv. 
xxxiv. 


484 
484 





ARBORETUM ET FRUTICETUM 
BRITANNICUM. 



INTRODUCTION. 

THOUGH, from our title, the Arboretum et Fruticetum Britan- 
nicum, the reader may expect to find chiefly a history and de- 
scription of the trees and shrubs which endure the open air in 
Britain, yet we mean to connect this history with that of the 
trees and shrubs of all similar climates throughout the world, in 
such a manner as to show what has been done in the way of 
introducing them, and what may be anticipated from future 
exertions. The Arboretum et Fniticctum Britannicum may, there- 
fore, be considered as a General History of the Trees and Shrubs 
of Temperate Climates, but more especially of those of Britain. 

Trees are not only, in appearance, the most striking and grand 
objects of the vegetable creation ; but, in reality, they are those 
which contribute the most to human comfort and improvement. 
If cereal grasses and edible roots are essential for supplying food 
to sustain human existence, trees are not less so for supplying 
timber, without which, there could neither be the houses and 
furniture of civilised life, nor the machines of commerce and 
refinement. Man may live and be clothed in a savage, and even 
in a pastoral, state by herbaceous productions alone ; but he can- 
not advance farther : he cannot till the ground, or build houses 
or ships, he cannot become an agriculturist or a merchant, 
without the use of trees. 

Trees and shrubs also supply an important part of the food 
of mankind in many countries ; besides all the more delicate 
luxuries of the table, and the noblest of human drinks in every 
part of the globe. The fruit of the palms, and of other trees of 
tropical climates, are as essential to the natives of those coun- 
tries, as the corn and the edible roots of the herbaceous plants 
of temperate climates are to us. Wine, cider, arrack, and other 
liquors, are the products of trees and shrubs ; as are also our more 
useful and exquisite fruits, the apple, pear, plum, peach, orange, 
mango, and many others. Not to insist in detail on the various 

*B 2 



INTRODUCTION. 



uses of trees and shrubs, it may be sufficient to observe, that 
there is hardly an art or a manufacture, in which timber, or 
some other ligneous product, is not, in one way or other, em- 
ployed to produce it. 

The use of trees in artificial plantations, in giving shelter or 
shade to lands exposed to high winds or to a burning sun, and 
in improving the climate and general appearance of whole tracts 
of country ; in forming avenues to public or private roads, and 
in ornamenting our parks and pleasure-grounds, is too well 
known to require to be enlarged on here. 

Every one feels that trees are among the grandest and most 
ornamental objects of natural scenery : what would landscapes 
be without them ? Where would be the charm of hills, plains, 
valleys, rocks, rivers, cascades, lakes, or islands, without the 
hanging wood, the widely extended forest, the open grove, the 
scattered groups, the varied clothing, the shade and intricacy, 
the contrast, and the variety of form and colour, conferred by 
trees and shrubs? A tree is a grand object in itself; its bold 
perpendicular elevation, and its commanding attitude, render it 
sublime ; and this expression is greatly heightened by our know- 
ledge of its age, stability, and duration. The characteristic 
beauties of the general forms of trees are as various as their 
species ; and equally so are the beauty and variety of the rami- 
fications of their branches, spray, buds, leaves, flowers, and 
fruit. The changes in the colour of the foliage of trees, at 
different seasons of the year, alone form a source of ever- vary ing 
beauty, and of perpetual enjoyment to the lovers of nature. 
What can be more interesting than to watch the developement 
of the buds of trees in spring, or the daily changes which take 
place in the colour of their foliage in autumn ? But to point 
out here all the various and characteristic beauties of trees, would 
be to anticipate what we shall have to say hereafter of the 
different species and varieties enumerated in our Work. 

Shrubs, to many of the beauties of trees, frequently add those 
of herbaceous plants; and produce flowers, unequalled both for 
beauty and fragrance. What flower, for example, is compa- 
rable in beauty of form and colour, in fragrance, and in inte- 
resting associations, with the rose ? The flower of the honey- 
suckle has been admired from the most remote antiquity, and 
forms as frequent an ornament of classic, as the rose does of 
Gothic, architecture. In British gardens, what could compensate 
us, in winter, for the arbutus and the laurustinus, or even the 
common laurel and the common ivy, as ornamental evergreens ; 
for the flowers of the rhododendron, azalea, kalmia, and 
mezereon, in spring; or for the fruit of the gooseberry, currant, 
and raspberry, in summer? And what hedge plant, either in 
Europe or America, equals the common hawthorn ? In short, 



INTRODUCTION. 3 

if trees may be compared to the columns which support the 
portico of a temple, shrubs may be considered as the statues 
which surmount its pediment, and as the sculptures which orna- 
ment its frieze. 

It is not to be wondered at, that trees and shrubs should have 
excited the attention of mankind in all civilised countries, and 
that our accumulated experience respecting them should be con- 
siderable. The first characteristic instinct of civilised society is, 
to improve the natural productions by which we are surrounded ; 
and the next is, by commerce to appropriate and establish in our 
own country the productions of others, while we give our own 
productions in exchange ; and, thus, the tendency of all improve- 
ment seems to be to the equalisation of enjoyment, as well as to 
its increase. 

Notwithstanding the use, the grandeur, and the beauty of 
timber trees, it is a fact, that, compared with herbaceous vege- 
tables, the number of species distributed over the globe is com- 
paratively small. The palms, the banana, the pine-apple, and 
other plants, popularly or botanicalJy considered as trees or 
shrubs, though some of them attain a great height and thickness, 
are, with very few exceptions, of no use as timber. Almost all 
the timber trees of the world, with the exception of the bamboo, 
belong to what botanists denominate the dicotyledonous division 
of vegetables ; and, perhaps, there are not a thousand genera of 
this division on the face of the earth which afford timber trees 
exceeding 30 ft. in height. The greater part of these genera, 
supposing such a number to exist, must belong to warm climates ; 
for in the temperate zones, and in the regions of warm countries 
rendered temperate by their elevation, the number of genera 
containing timber trees 30 ft. in height, as far as hitherto dis- 
covered, does not amount to a hundred. The truth is, that 
between the tropics the greater number of species are ligneous, 
while in the temperate regions there are comparatively few, and 
in the frozen zone scarcely any. It may naturally be expected, 
therefore, that, in the temperate regions, there should only be a 
few timber trees which are indigenous to each particular country. 
In Britain, for example, there are not above a dozen genera of 
trees, furnishing in all about thirty species, which attain a height 
exceeding 30 ft. ; but there are other countries of similar climates, 
all over the world, which furnish other genera and species, to 
what is, at present, an unknown extent ; and it is the beautiful 
work of civilisation, of patriotism, and of adventure, first, to col- 
lect these all into our own country, and next, to distribute them 
into others. While Britain, therefore, not only enjoys the trees 
of the rest of Europe, of North America, of the mountains of 
South America, of India, and of China, she distributes her own 
trees, and those which she has appropriated, to each of these 

*B 3 



4 INTRODUCTION. 

countries respectively, and, in short, to all parts of the world ; 
thus contributing almost imperceptibly, but yet most powerfully, 
to the progress and equalisation of civilisation and of happiness. 

It must be interesting to the philosopher and the philanthro- 
pist, to know the precise position in which we stand relatively 
to this kind of interchange of natural productions. Much as has 
been done within the last century, there is reason to believe, 
from the number of countries unexplored, that this department 
of the civilisation of the great human family is yet in its infancy. 
Hence, in a work like the present, which professes to be a 
general history of the trees already in, or suitable for being in- 
troduced into, Great Britain, it seems desirable to commence with 
a general view of all other countries with reference to those trees 
which they contain which have been already introduced, or 
which, though we do not yet possess, we may expect to obtain 
and establish. This, therefore, will form PART I. of our Work; 
and we trust it will be found of considerable interest, by direct- 
ing the attention of botanical collectors, travellers, and persons 
resident abroad, to specific objects of research. 

In carrying this intention into effect, we shall commence by 
taking a general view of the trees and shrubs which were known 
to the ancients ; we shall next give an enumeration of those 
which are indigenous to the British Islands ; after which we shall 
treat of the introduction of foreign trees and shrubs into Britain, 
from the earliest records up to the end of the year 1834-, the 
period at which this Work was commenced. 

Having thus discussed the history of the trees and shrubs, 
native and foreign, of the British Islands, we shall next give a 
similar view of the indigenous and introduced trees and shrubs 
of all those other countries which possess, either by geography 
or altitude, climates in any degree analogous to that of Britain. 
This part of the Work will be concluded by a chapter on the 
literature of the trees and shrubs of temperate climates ; in 
which the principal works which have appeared on the subject, 
both in Europe and America, will be enumerated. 

The next division of our Work, PART II., will be devoted to 
the science of the study of trees. In this part, trees will be 
considered in all their various relations to nature and art. They 
will be considered as component parts of the general scenery of 
a country ; in regard to the expression and character of parti- 
cular kinds; in regard to the mode of delineating them pictorially, 
and of describing them popularly and botanical ly. They will 
also be considered with reference to uncultivated nature, to cul- 
tivated nature, and to man. This part will conclude with a sum- 
mary of particulars to be taken into consideration, in preparing the 
description and natural and economical history of trees and 
shrubs, which are to follow as the third part of this Work. 



INTRODUCTION. 5 

PART IIL, which will form our next division, and that, indeed, 
which will comprise by far the greater part of the Work, will be 
the history and description of the different species and vari- 
eties of trees and shrubs, whether native or indigenous, useful 
or ornamental, at present cultivated in Britain. 

We shall add to the perfectly hardy species the names, and 
short descriptive paragraphs, of some ligneous plants, which have 
been found by cultivators to be half-hardy in the climate of Lon- 
don ; and of others, which, from their native countries and habits, 
we think not unlikely to prove so. W T e make this addition to 
the Arboretum et Fniticctum Britannicum for two purposes : 
in the first place, because, by trying species from all countries in 
the open air, some hitherto kept in hot-houses or green-houses 
may be found quite hardy ; such having been the case with 
Kerr/rt japonica, Cydonia japonica, Hydrangea Hortensz'tf, 
Aucuba japonica, and a number of others. We may add, also, 
that, though the nature of a species cannot be so far altered as 
to fit an inhabitant of a very hot climate for a cold one, yet that 
the habits of individuals admit of considerable variation, and 
that some plants of warm climates are found to adapt them- 
selves much more readily to cold climates than others. Thus, 
the common passion flower, according to Dr. Walker, when 
first introduced into the Edinburgh Botanic Garden, lost its 
leaves during winter ; but, in the course of a few years, the same 
plant retained the greater part of them at that season. The 
same author relates that plants of the common yew, sent from 
Paris to Stockholm to plant certain designs^ by Le Notre, laid 
out there for the king of Sweden, all died, though the yew is 
a native of the latter country, as well as of France. 

Every gardener must have observed that the common weeds 
which have sprung up in pots, in hot-beds or in hot-houses, when 
these pots happen to be set out in the open air during winter or 
spring are killed, or have their leaves injured; whilst the same 
species, which have sprung up in the open ground, are growing 
around them in a flourishing condition. 

The obvious conclusions from these facts are, that the habits 
of plants admit of a certain degree of change with regard to the 
climate which they will bear ; that the degree in which ihis power 
exists in any plant is only to be ascertained by experiment ; 
and that the only mode of making the^e experiments is, by trying 
in the open air plants usually kept under glass. There is reason 
to believe, from trials already made, that many of the trees and 
shrubs of Australia, and particularly those of New Zealand and 
Van Diemen's Land, will ultimately become so habituated to the 
climate of London, as to live through the winter against a wall, 
with scarcely any protection. 

*B 4 



INTRODUCTION. 

The second reason why we have included a number of half- 
hardy, or supposed half-hardy, trees and shrubs in this Work is, 
that we think there are few scenes in an ornamental garden 
or pleasure-ground of greater interest to a person having any 
knowledge of botany, however slight, than a conservative wall ; 
that is, a wall covered with trees and shrubs, natives of foreign 
climates, which, though they may be killed to the ground during 
winter, yet exhibit a degree of luxuriance during the summer 
season, which they never can display in our green-houses or 
conservatories. Even were all such plants to be killed by frost 
every winter, and a reserve obliged to be kept in green-houses 
or pits to supply their place every spring, still, the splendour of 
their appearance during the summer months, and the novelty of 
their forms when compared with those of the spring, usually 
grown in the open air in Britain, would far more than compen- 
sate for the trouble incurred. When we take into consideration 
how easy it is to have such walls flued, and to heat the borders 
in front of them by small pipes of hot water, the capacities of a 
conservative wall and border appear great beyond anything we 
can at present calculate on ; and we are persuaded that, were the 
subject of conservative walls warmly taken up by a spirited and 
wealthy individual, something would be produced in this way, 
as superior to our present green-houses and conservatories, as 
these are to the orangeries and green -houses of the time of 
Evelyn, or even of Miller. Having thus given our reasons for 
the introduction of half-hardy species of trees and shrubs into 
this Work, we shall next submit a few words with respect to our 
arrangement and treatment of the hardy species. 

The general arrangement of the Arboretum et Fruticetum 
Britannicum will be that of the natural system ; by which, 
whether in botany, zoology, or mineralogy, those objects are 
brought together which resemble one another in the greatest 
number of particulars. In describing each species, we shall fol- 
low the summary of particulars laid down in the last chapter of 
Part II.; giving in succession the identification of the name by 
botanists ; the synonymes, botanical and vernacular ; references 
to published engravings ; the specific character ; the popular 
description; the geography; the history; the poetical and le- 
gendary allusions ; the properties and uses ; the soil and situ- 
ation ; the propagation and culture ; the accidents and diseases 
which the plant is liable to ; the insects and parasitic plants which 
inhabit it ; examples of its growth in the British Islands and 
on the Continent ; and, lastly, its price in some of the principal 
British, Continental, and American nurseries. 

In identifying the name of every species, or variety, with that 
given to it by botanical writers, we have been guided principally 
by our own examination of the living plant, and comparing it 



INTRODUCTION. 7 

with existing engravings and descriptions ; but we have also in 
part relied on the identifications of other botanists.* 

In giving the synonymes, we have adopted the same rule as in 
giving the identifications. 

Though we have used every exertion in our power to render 
this Work as correct, in a botanical and technical point of view, 
as possible, yet what we consider to be its great practical value 
(and that which will contribute more than any other cause to the 
main end which we have in view, viz. that of diffusing a taste 
for planting collections of trees and shrubs,) is, that we have 
described scarcely any tree or shrub which we have not seen 
ourselves, in a living state, within ten miles of London. Some 
exceptions are necessarily introduced ; but, whenever this is done, 
it is either indicated by the paragraph relating to that tree or 
shrub being in very small type ; or, by our indicating in words, 
or by some other means, that we have not seen the plant. 

The shrubs, as far as practicable, we shall illustrate by en- 
gravings of botanical specimens, to be given along with the text ; 
and all these will be to one and the same scale, of 2 in. to 1 ft. 
Engravings of the trees will be chiefly given in 8vo or 4to 
plates, apart from the text ; and each of these plates will con- 
tain a pictorial portrait of the tree, and a botanical specimen. 
The pictorial portraits will be of two kinds : first, portraits of 
trees which have been planted ten or twelve years within ten 
miles of London, all to the same scale ; and, secondly, portraits 
of full-grown trees, chiefly within the same limits, all to another 
scale. f The use of the first class of portraits is, to show, at a 
single glance, the comparative bulk which different trees attain 
in a given climate in a given period ; as well as to indicate how 
far different kinds of trees, at this early age, show anything 
characteristic in their shape. The portraits of the full-grown 
trees, it is almost unnecessary to observe, are given in order to 
exhibit their ultimate magnitude and character. By merely 
glancing over these portraits, a planter will see at once, first, the 
effect which any given tree, purchasable in British nurseries, 
will produce at ten years' growth ; and, secondly, what its ap- 
pearance will be when it has arrived at its average size. 

It will be found that in this Work we have, in various instances, 
reduced the number of species, and even, in some cases, of va- 

* For example, in the case of the very first species described, Clematis 
Flammula, having convinced ourselves that our plant was that described by 
De Candolle (P/W., vol. i. p. 2.) we have not hesitated to give the identifi- 
cations and synonymes quoted by that eminent author; adding, however, the 
identifications and synonymes of subsequent authors* from our own exami- 
nation of their works. In the plant referred to we have added to the iden- 
tifications of De Candolle, Hayne's Dendrologia and Don's Miller. 

f See the Explanatory References, which precede the Table of Contents. 



8 INTRODUCTION. 

rieties ; and this, had we been inclined to trust entirely to our 
own opinion, we might have carried to a much greater extent. 

It is well known to the cultivators of trees and shrubs, that 
there are a great many names of species enumerated in botanical 
works, our own Hortus Britannicus not excepted, as having been 
introduced into this country, which are not to be found in any 
nursery, or even botanic garden. These plants may have been 
introduced and lost; or the names may have been those of plants 
already in the country, reintroduced under new names. In 
either case, according to the present mode of compiling botanical 
catalogues, the introduction of these names in such catalogues 
(provided the authorities are given with them) is unavoidable, 
whether the things to which they apply are in existence or not. 
It is easy to conceive some of the evils which, in a practical point 
of view, result from this mode of making catalogues ; but it is 
necessary to be at once a practical botanist, and a practical 
gardener, to comprehend the whole of them. One evil is, that, 
when collectors of trees, for example, order the plants bearing 
these names from the nurserymen, they either do not receive 
any plants at all, or they receive something which they do not 
want, and, probably, something which they already have. 
Another evil is, that nurserymen, in order to supply the demand 
for novelties, or to establish or keep up the appearance of 
having an extensive collection, too frequently introduce names 
into their catalogues for which they cannot supply plants ; or 
they introduce synonymes without indicating that they are such. 
The effect of this is, that gentlemen intending to form collec- 
tions, finding their intentions frustrated, frequently give up the 
pursuit in disgust. 

Imperfect as are the collections, and erroneous as is the no- 
menclature in public nurseries, it will readily be conceived how 
difficult it is for a practical gardener to acquire a tolerable know- 
ledge of the trees and shrubs actually in the country; and it is 
evident that, without this knowledge on his part, it is not to be 
expected that any but the most common trees and shrubs can be 
recommended by him to his employers : indeed, no British 
gardener, who has not passed some time in acquiring a know- 
ledge of his profession in some of our principal botanic gardens, 
in the Kew Garden, in the garden of the Horticultural Society, 
in that of Messrs. Loddiges, in the Botanic Garden at Edinburgh, 
or in some other garden which contains an arboretum, can be 
said to know the names of one fourth of the trees and shrubs 
already in the country. The Arboretum et Frulicetum Britan- 
nicum, we think, will go far to remedy this evil, by enabling both 
gardeners and their employers to ascertain, not only what trees 
are in the country, but where they may see them growing. 
Nurserymen, by referring to these living trees, will not only 



INTRODUCTION. 9 

have an opportunity of correctly ascertaining the names of such 
as they already possess, but of supplying themselves with cuttings 
or plants of such sorts as they may not have in cultivation. The 
purchasers of trees, by always using the nomenclature of the 
Arboretum Britannicum, and iDeing able to refer from it to the 
living specimens from which our engravings were taken, will at 
once insure certainty as to the kinds they obtain ; and stimulate 
the nurserymen to accuracy, in regard to the names of those 
plants which they possess and propagate, and to the cultivation 
of a greater number of species and varieties. After the pub- 
lication of our Work, it will be the fault of the nurseryman 
alone, if his nursery do not contain plants of all the species and 
varieties which we have figured and described. 

Many persons, when recommended to plant, reply: " Of what 
use is it to plant at my age? I can never hope to live to see 
my plants become trees." This sort of answer does not, at first 
sight, appear surprising, if we suppose it to come from a person 
of sixty or seventy years of age ; but we often hear it even from 
men of thirty or forty. In either case, such an answer is the 
result of a vulgar error, founded on mistaken and prejudiced 
notions. We shall prove its incorrectness by matters of fact. 
In the year 1830, there were many sorts of trees in the arbo- 
retum of Messrs. Loddiges which had been planted exactly ten 
years, and each of which exceeded 30 ft. in height. Most of 
these trees have since been cut down for want of room ; but we 
have the names and the measurement of the whole of them. 
There are, also, at the present time (December, 1834), many 
trees in the arboretum of the London Horticultural Society's 
Garden at Chiswick, which have been only ten years planted, 
and which are between 30 ft. and 4-0 ft. in height. Why, then, 
should any one, even of seventy years of age, assign as a reason 
for declining planting, that he cannot hope to live to see his 
plants become trees? A tree 30 ft. high, practically speaking, 
will effect all the general purposes for which trees are planted : 
it will afford shelter and shade; display individual beauty and 
character ; and confer expression on landscape scenery. 

There is one subject which we shall occasionally touch on, in 
the history of particular species, and also in taking a general 
view of the trees of each genus, or of each natural order; and 
that is, the improvement which many species are probably sus- 
ceptible of by cross-fecundation with other species nearly allied to 
them, or by procuring new varieties through the selection of re- 
markable individuals from seedlings raised in the common way. 
We shall also bear in mind the manner in which curious varieties 
are procured by the selection of shoots which present those 
anomalous appearances which gardeners call sports, and which, 
when propagated by grafting, continue to preserve their pecu- 
liarities. It should never be forgotten by cultivators, that all 



10 INTRODUCTION. 

our most valuable plants, whether in agriculture, horticulture, 
or floriculture, are more or less indebted for their excellence 
to art. Our cultivated fruit trees are very different from the 
same trees in a wild state ; and our garden and field herbaceous 
vegetables so much so, that, in many instances, not even a 
botanist could recognise the wild and the cultivated plant to be 
the same species. There is reason to believe that the same 
means by which we have procured our improved varieties of 
fruit trees will be equally effective in producing improved varie- 
ties of timber trees. A few species, such as the oak, the elm, 
the magnolia, &c., have had improved varieties raised from seed 
by accidental crossing, or by the selection of individuals from 
multitudes of seedlings ; and variegated varieties, and varieties 
with anomalously formed leaves, or with drooping or erect shoots, 
have been procured from the sports of parts of different plants. 
But the mode of improvement by cross-fecundation is yet quite 
in its infancy with respect to timber trees ; and to set limits to 
the extent and beauty of the new varieties which may be pro- 
duced by it is impossible. There is no reason why we may not 
have a purple-leaved oak, or elm, or ash, as well as a purple- 
leaved beech ; or a drooping sweet chestnut as well as a drooping 
ash. The oak is a tree that varies astonishingly by culture; 
and, when the numerous American varieties that have been 
introduced into this country shall have once begun to bear seed, 
there is no end to the fine hybrids that may be originated be- 
tween them and the European species. In short, we see no 
difficulty in improving our ornamental trees and shrubs to as 
great an extent as we have done our fruit trees and shrubs; 
though we are as yet only procuring new species from foreign 
countries, which may be considered as the raw material with 
which we are to operate. 

PART IV., which will form the last division of the Arboretum 
et Fruticetum Bntannicum, will be devoted to selected lists of the 
trees and shrubs described, classified according to their different 
capacities for fulfilling the various purposes for which trees and 
shrubs are required by the planter and by the landscape-gar- 
dener. For the rest we refer to the Table of Contents. 

The utility of such a Work as the Arboretum et Fruticetum 
Britannicum to the gardening world, and to the landed pro- 
prietor, will not, we think, be questioned. We shall say nothing, 
therefore, of the influence which it cannot fail to have in pro- 
moting a taste for the culture and spread of such foreign trees 
as we have already in the country ; and in exciting a desire for 
introducing others from different parts of the world, and for 
originating new varieties by the different means employed by 
art for that purpose. One remark, however, we may be per- 
mitted to make on the use of such a Work as the Arboretum et 
Fruticetum Britannicum to gentlemen of landed properly. Every 



INTRODUCTION. 1 1 

proprietor of a landed estate is either a planter, or possesses 
trees already planted. If he is in the former case, he will learn 
from this Work to combine beauty with utility, by planting, in 
the outer margins of his natural woods or artificial plantations, 
and along the open rides in them, and in the hedgerows of his 
lanes and public roads, trees which are at once highly ornamental 
and more or less useful in some cases, perhaps, even more 
useful than the common indigenous trees for which they are 
substituted. If, on the other hand, his estate is already fully 
planted, he will learn from this Work how he may beautify his 
plantations by a mode which never yet has been applied in a 
general way to forest trees; viz., by heading down large trees 
of the common species, and grafting on them foreign species of 
the same genus. This is a common practice in orchards of fruit 
trees ; and why it should not be so in parks and pleasure-grounds, 
along the margins of woods, and in the trees of hedgerows, no 
other reason can be assigned than that it has not hitherto been 
generally thought of. Hawthorn hedges are common every- 
where ; and there are between twenty and thirty beautiful species 
and varieties of thorn in our nurseries, which might be grafted 
on them. Why should not proprietors of wealth and taste desire 
their gardeners to graft some of the rare and beautiful sorts of 
tree thorns on the common hawthorn bushes, at intervals, so as 
to form standard trees, in such of their hedges as border public 
roads ? And why should not the scarlet oak and the scarlet 
acer be grafted on the common species of these genera, along 
the margins of woods and plantations ? Such improvements the 
more strongly recommend themselves, because, to many, they 
would involve no extra expense ; and, in every case, the effect 
would be almost immediate. Every gardener can graft and bud; 
and every landed proprietor can procure stock plants from nur- 
series, from which he can take the grafts ; or he may get scions 
from botanic gardens, the garden of the London Horticultural 
Society, that of the Caledonian Horticultural Society, or the 
Dublin Garden at Glasnevin. 

Amateur landscape-gardeners, and architects who lay out the 
grounds of the houses they have designed, will be enabled, by 
this Work, to choose the kinds of trees which they think will 
produce the best effect in their plantations ; and, what is of much 
more consequence, which will produce a certain effect within a 
given number of years. Indeed, the want of such a Work as the 
Arboretum et Fruticetum Britannicum to professional landscape- 
gardeners, and a conviction of the great use it would be of to 
practical gardeners, and to all persons engaged in laying out 
grounds, or in forming ornamental plantations, first suggested 
to us the idea of commencing the Work. 

In modern landscape-gardening, considered as a fine art, all 
the more important beauties and effects produced by the artist 



12 INTRODUCTION. 

may be said to depend on the use which he makes of foreign 
trees and shrubs. Our reasons for this are grounded on the 
principle that all art, to be acknowledged as such, must be 
avowed. This is the case in the fine arts : there is no attempt 
to conceal art in music, poetry, painting, or sculpture ; none in 
architecture; and none in the geometrical style of landscape- 
gardening. Why should there be an attempt to conceal art in 
modern landscape-gardening? Because, we shall be told, it is 
an art which imitates nature. But, does not landscape-painting 
also imitate nature; and yet, in it, the work produced is ac- 
knowledged to be one of art ? Before this point is settled, it is 
necessary to recur to what is meant by the imitation of nature, 
and to reflect on the difference between repetition and imitation. 
Jn what are called the imitative arts, it will be found that the 
imitation is always made in such a manner as to produce a totally 
distinct work from the thing imitated ; and never, on any ac- 
count, so like as to be mistaken for it. In landscape-painting, 
scenery is represented by colours on a flat surface ; in sculpture, 
forms, which in nature are coloured, are represented in colour- 
less stone. The intention of the artist, in both cases, is not to 
produce a copy which shall be mistaken for the original, but 
rather to show the original through the medium of a particular 
description of art; to reflect nature as in a glass. Now, to 
render landscape-gardening a fine art, some analogous process 
must be adopted by the landscape-gardener. In the geometrical 
style, he has succeeded perfectly, by arranging grounds and 
trees in artificial surfaces, forms, and lines, so different from 
nature as to be recognised at once as works of art. A residence 
thus laid out is clearly distinguished from the woody scenery of 
the surrounding country ; and is satisfactory, because it displays 
the working of the human mind, and confers distinction on the 
owner as a man of wealth and taste. A residence laid out in 
the modern style, with the surface of the ground disposed in 
imitation of the undulations of nature, and the trees scattered 
over it in groups and masses, neither in straight lines, nor cut 
into artificial shapes, might be mistaken for nature, were not 
the trees planted chiefly of foreign kinds not to be met with in 
the natural or general scenery of the country. Every thing in 
modern landscape-gardening, therefore, depends on the use of 
foreign trees and shrubs ; and, when it is once properly under- 
stood that no residence in the modern style can have a claim to 
be considered as laid out in good taste, in which all the trees 
and shrubs employed are not either foreign ones, or improved 
varieties of indigenous ones, the grounds of every country seat, 
from the cottage to the mansion, will become an arboretum, dif- 
fering only in the number of species which it contains. 

Though a taste for trees has existed from the earliest ages, 
that taste, in this country at least, may still be considered in its 



INTRODUCTION. IS 

infancy. An English landowner is almost always a great re- 
specter of trees generally, but seldom knows anything of par- 
ticular sorts : he, therefore, cares very little for their individual 
beauties, and contents himself with being an indiscriminate 
admirer of them. Hence the unwillingness of most persons to 
cut down trees, however improperly they may be placed ; or to 
thin out plantations, however much they may be crowded, and 
however great may be the injury which the finer foreign sorts 
are sustaining from the coarser-growing indigenous kinds. This 
indiscriminate regard for trees, and morbid feeling with reference 
to cutting them down when they are wrongly placed or too 
thick, principally results from ignorance of the kinds and of the 
relative beauty of the different species, and from want of taste in 
landscape-gardening. When we consider that it is not much 
above a century since American trees began to be purchasable 
in the nurseries of this country, this is not to be wondered at; 
and, more especially, when it is remembered that planters, 
generally speaking, have few opportunities of seeing specimens 
of these trees, so as to become acquainted with them, and thus 
to acquire a taste for this kind of beauty and its pursuit. The 
public botanic and horticultural gardens, and the private arbo- 
retums and collections of foreign trees and shrubs, now esta- 
blishing throughout the country ; and the mode now becoming 
general among nurserymen, of planting specimen trees in their 
nurseries ; will tend to remedy this defect, by exhibiting living 
specimens : and our Arboretum et Fruticetum Britannicum will, 
we trust, aid in attaining the same end. 

To artists, the Arboretum et Fruticetum Britannicum will not 
be without its use. It is well known that there are but few 
landscape-painters who possess that kind of knowledge of trees 
which is necessary to enable them to produce such portraits as 
would indicate the kind to a gardener or a forester. This 
defect, on the part of landscape-painters, arises partly from their 
copying from one another in towns, rather than from nature in 
the country ; but, principally, from their want of what may be 
technically called botanical knowledge. The correct touch of a 
tree, to use the language of art, can no more be acquired with- 
out studying the mode of foliation of that tree, than the correct 
mouldings of a Grecian or Gothic cornice can be understood or 
represented without the study of Grecian or Gothic architecture. 
It is for this reason that it will always be found that ladies who 
reside in the country, and have studied botany, if they have 
a taste for landscape, will imitate the touch of trees better than 
professional landscape-painters. We assert it as a fact, without 
the least hesitation, that the majority of British artists (we may 
say, of all artists whatever) do not even know the means of ac- 
quiring a scientific knowledge of the touch of trees ; almost the 
only works which have noticed the subject, and gone beyond the 



14- INTRODUCTION. 

mere surface, being the Remarks on Forest Scenery, by Gilpin ; 
and Reunion's Essay on Trees in Landscape. The perusal of the 
Arboretum et Fruticetum Britannicum, and the comparison of the 
botanical specimens with the touch to which they give rise in 
the portraits, will enable artists to investigate from our figures, 
and afterwards from nature, those differences in the points of the 
shoots, in the clustering and form of the foliage, and between 
the appearance of the foliage of spring and that of autumn, 
which give rise to the difference of touch necessary to characte- 
rise a species, and to mark the season of the year. Most artists 
who have studied trees from nature can give the touch of the 
oak with characteristic expression ; and, by the study of the 
details of other trees, they may attain a touch which shall cha- 
racterise them with equal force and accuracy. There is no 
work extant, however, from which an artist can study, correctly 
and scientifically, the touch of more species of trees than the 
oak, the ash, the weeping willow, and one or two others. In 
proof of this we may refer to the plates in Kennion's work 
above referred to, as one of the latest and best, where the engra- 
vings, in the greater number of instances, have not the slightest 
resemblance to the trees the names of which are written be- 
neath them. How, under these circumstances, is it possible 
for an artist, who is not a botanist, and who does not reside in 
the country, to study the touch of trees ? By the Arboretum 
et Fruticetum Britannicum he may acquire as much botanical 
knowledge as will enable him to distinguish with certainty all 
the different species of trees to be found in this country ; and 
he will see, in the engravings of the botanical specimens as 
they appear in autumn, the foundations laid in nature for the 
different descriptions of touch. The London artist, in addi- 
tion to the botanical knowledge which he may acquire from 
our work, may have recourse to the specimen trees (all near 
London) from which our portraits were taken. Artists gene- 
rally, by becoming botanically acquainted with the trees, will 
be able to recognise them in their walks, or professional excur- 
sions ; to study them under various circumstances, and, when 
they introduce them in their landscapes, to give their characters 
with fidelity. 

Hitherto there has not been a sufficient demand for this kind 
of skill on the part of the artist; but, as foreign trees become 
better known by the public generally, it will be necessary for 
artists to keep their art on a level with the state of knowledge 
of the times in which they live. As the foreign trees which are 
every year being introduced into the country advance in size, the 
truth of this remark will become more and more obvious. 

Having now given a general outline of the plan of our Work, 
and of the manner in which we propose to carry that plan into 
execution, we shall next proceed with PART I. 



15 



PART I. 

GENERAL OUTLINE OF THE HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF THE 
TREES AND SHRUBS OF TEMPERATE CLIMATES. 

THE use of the slight general outline which we propose now 
submitting to the reader is, partly, to show the consideration 
in which trees have been held in all ages and countries; but 
principally to record what has been done in the introduction of 
foreign trees into Britain ; and to point out, from the ligneous 
productions of other countries having similar climates, what 
remains to be accomplished. We shall first notice to what 
extent a love for, and a knowledge of, trees existed among the 
nations of antiquity ; and, next, give a general idea of the indi- 
genous and introduced trees of those countries occupied by the 
modern nations of Europe. We shall commence with Britain ; 
and shall take, in succession, France, Germany, and the other 
European countries. Afterwards, we shall give a slight sketch 
of the trees suited to temperate climates which are natives of 
Asia, Africa, America, and Australia. 



CHAP. I. 

OF THE KNOWLEDGE OF TREES AND SHRUBS WHICH EXISTED AMONG 
THE NATIONS OF ANTIQUITY. 

THE first notices which we have of trees are in the Sacred 
Writings. The tree of knowledge, and the circumstance of our 
first parents hiding themselves among the trees of the garden of 
Eden, are familiar to every one. Solomon appears to have col- 
lected all kinds of plants, and not only to have had an orchard 
of fruit trees, and trees bearing spices, but to have included in 
his grounds what are called barren trees, and among these the 
cedar. As this tree is a native of a cold and mountainous 
country at some distance from Judea, it shows that the practice 
of collecting trees from a distance, and from a different climate, 
to assemble them in one plantation or arboretum, is of the 
earliest date. The cedar, indeed, is frequently mentioned in 
Scripture; and both that and the fir (including, under this 
name, probably both Pin us and ^bies, for some species of both 
are natives of Asia Minor and Greece) are said, in the book of 
Ezekiel, to be frequent in magnificent gardens. Large trees 
were then used as places for meeting under (as they are, in the 
East, to this day); and they were then, as now, planted in 
cemeteries 



16 HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF TREES. PART I. 

Trees are mentioned in the writings of Hesiod and Homer. 
The garden of Alcinous is said to have contained various sorts 
of fruit trees : and directions are given in Hesiod for lopping the 
poplar, and other species, for fuel; and felling the oak, the elm, 
and other kinds of large trees, for timber. 

The principal trees of the Egyptians^ according to Herodotus, 
were, the palm, the sycamore fig, the lote tree (Celtis australis, 
according to Mr. Hogg, Gard. Mag., x. 291.), the olive, and 
the pomegranate. There are, we know, several other trees which 
are natives of Egypt ; but these were probably thought most 
worthy of being recorded, as producing edible fruit. 

The gardens of the Persians contained trees ; and those in 
the garden of the younger Cyrus, at Sardis s were all planted with 
his own hand, in straight lines : the only mode which, at that 
early period, when scarcely any but indigenous trees were in use 
by planters, could convey the expression of art and design. In 
general, the trees which most attracted the attention of the 
ancients were those which bore edible fruits, produced spices, 
had a terebinthine odour, or possessed spreading branches to 
afford shade. Hence the frequent mention of the palm, the fig, 
the olive, the cinnamon, the camphor, the cypress, the sycamore 
fig, and the plane. 

The only positive source of information respecting the trees 
known to the nations of antiquity, down to the time of the Greeks, 
is to be found in the works of Theophrastus. Stackhouse, in his 
edition of Theophrastus's Historia Plantarum, has endeavoured 
to show the modern botanical names for the plants of which 
Theophrastus has treated. Sprengel had done the same thing 
in his Historia Rei Herbaria. Stackhouse has added to his 
own indentifications as many of those of Sprengel as are dif- 
ferent from, and supplementary to, his own. From both we 
have selected the following list of the ligneous species. Stack- 
house has stated in the preface to his second volume (his work 
is in two volumes, 1813, 1814), that Sprengel has carefully 
ascertained 357 of the kinds treated of by Theophrastus, and 
that he has passed over the rest, which are nearly as many in 
number, in silence; except remarking the circumstances which 
make them so ambiguous as to render the identifying of them 
hopeless. To some of the identifications which have been 
proposed, doubt appertains; and, in the case of the ligneous 
species, in the enumeration below, this doubt is expressed by 
notes of interrogation. It may be observed, that the greater 
number of these plants, according to Sibthorp's Flora Grtcca, 
are natives of Greece, and that most of those which are not, 
will endure the open air, or are cultivated, in that country. The 
whole of them, with scarcely any exceptions, are in British 
gardens and hot-houses ; and all those which we have marked 



CHAP. I. TREES AND SHRUBS KNOWN TO THE ANCIENTS. 17 

with a star, are indigenous to the British Isles. We have thrown 
the species into the groups indicated by the natural orders, in 
order to aid the memory of the botanical reader, and to facilitate 
generalisation. 

Ranunculdcea. Clematis orientals. 

Capparide<e< Capparis spinosa. 

Cistmca. Cistus creticus and salvisefolius. 

Malvdcea. Goss5 r pium arboreum; Malva tomentosa; ? Hi- 
biscus, an arboreous species if a hibiscus. 

Tilidcete. 711ia * europae^a. 

Aurantiacea. Citrus Medica and Aurantium. 

^fcer * campestre and * Pseudo-Platan us. 
Vi\\s vinifera, 3 kinds, and indica. 

TLufdcetc. jRuta graveolens- 

Celastrinecc. ? Celastrus, the species was, in habit, a tree of 
middle size ; * 2u6nymus europae N us. 

Rh&mnea. JRhamnus /ycioides and ? ^laternus, Paliurus 
aculeatus, ^izyphus vulgaris. 

Terebinthdceee. jistacia Terebinth us and Z/entiscus, Balsamo- 
dendron gileadense, 72hus Coriaria mas, C. fce'mina, and Cotinus, 
? Mangifera indica. 

LeguminosfC. Acacia arabica, Senegal, Catechu, myrrhifera 
StackJiouse, and polyacantha ; ? Tamarindus indica ; Cercis /Sili- 
quastrum; Colutea arborescens and cruenta; Cathartocarpus 
Fistula ; Cytisus Zaburnum and " Marant;" Ceratonia *Siliqua; 
Moringa . pterygosperma ; Genista lusitanica and ? /Scorpius 
(Spartium viilosum Flora Grceca] ; Medicago arborea ; ? Coro- 
nilla E'merus ; ^'benus cretica; Astragalus 7ragacantha. 

Tlosdcete. jRosa, the 5-leaved, the 10-leaved, the 20-leaved, 
and the 100-leaved ; 72ubus * fruticosus, * cae v sius, and * idse\is. 

Amygdalae. ^4mygdalus communis ; ? Persica vulgaris ; 
Cerasus * Pad us, duracina and ? Laurocerasus ; Prunus *in- 
sititia and domestica var. Juliana. 

^Pomdceac. Pyrus * communis wild, and cultivated ; * JVfalus 
wild, and cultivated ; * /4 x ria, and cretica ; * .Sorbus, two varieties 
of; *?torminalis and ? a variety of; Mespilus *?germanica, 
? a variety of; Cydonia vulgaris, wild and cultivated ; ? Ame- 
lanchicr vulgaris ; Cotoneaster * vulgaris ; Cratae s gus Pyra- 
cantha, Azarolus, and * Oxyacantha. 

Grdndt&Z. Punica Granatum., 

Ehizopkbreae. Rhizophora Mangle. 

Tamariscinea. * Jamarix gallica. 

T&yrtdcetK. Myrtus communis. 

Cactete. Opuntia vulgaris. 

? Grossuldcece. ? Rlbes * Grossularia. 

Umbelliferce. ^ubon Galbanum. 

c 2 



18 HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF TREES. PART I- 

Aralidcea. /Zedera * //elix, and varieties of it. 

Caprifolidcece. Caprifolium * Periclymenum ; ? Lonicera 
pyrenaica ; Fiburnum * ? Lantana, * ? O'pulus, and ? Tinus ; 
/Sambucus * nigra. 

Cornets. Cornus mas and * sanguinea. 

Loranthacece. Loranthus europse^us ; * Fiscum album. 

Composite?. Santolina rosmarinifolia ; /Zelichrysum >Sto3 N chas; 
Kentrophyllum (Onobroma) arborescens ; Conyza saxatilis. 

\accinieie. ^accinium * Fitis idag x a. 

IZricdcetf. Erica; Arbutus ^4ndrachne and * tTnedo; ?72Iio- 
dodendron ponticum. 

Styracmece. Styrax officinale. 

^jbenacece. Z)iospyros Z^)tus. 

Qledcea?. O v Jea europae^a, sylvestris ; Phillyrea latifolia ; 
?Z/igustrum vulgare ; O'rnus europae x a ; * ? .Fraxinus excelsior. 

Kpocynece. Plenum Oleander; * Finca major, or * minor. 

Cordiacese. Cordz'a Sebestena and Myxa. 

Soldnete. Capsicum frutescens ; Lyc'mm barbarum and 
?europae v um. 

Labidtte. Lavandula Spica; J?osmarinus officinalis ; Sal via 
triloba, cretica ; Teucrmm creticum ; ? Marrubium Pseudo- 
Z)ictamnus, Origanum Z)ictamnus, Tournefort/V, and ? segyptia- 
cum ; Satureja capitata ; Thymus vulgaris, ? Mastichina. 

Verbendcece. Fitex A'gnus castus. 

Plantaginece. Plantago ? Cynops. 

Chenopbdece* * Salicornia fruticosa. 

Laurinetf. iaurus nobilis, var. platyphylla and var. lepto- 
phylla; Cinnamomum verum. 

Myristicea. Myristica. 

Thymel^te. Z)aphne Cneorum and sericea. 

Ewp^orZtiaceae. .Euph6rbz Pithyusa, * Characias, and Myr- 
sinites ; * Uuxus sempervirens. 

\3rticece. -ficus Caprificus, Carica, religiosa, and Sycomorus 
Morus nigra. 

Ulmdcete. U'lmus campestris, ? and another kind ; Celtis 
australis. 

Piperdcete. Piper nigrum. 

Sugldndea. Juglans regia. 

Salicinetf. Salix * alba, nigra ; * //elix variegata and baby- 
lonica ; Populus * nigra, * alba. 

Belulinetf. ^etula * alba and ? ^4'lnus * glutinosa ; ^Inus 
oblongata. 

Cupulifera. Qu6rcus ? /lex, Suber, coccifera, jBallota, 
^Tgilops, ^'sculus, Cerris, * ^obur, yaginea Desf. 9 and Tour- 
nefortzV ; * Corylus Avellana ; Castanea * vesca ; Pagus * syl- 
vatica ; O'strya vulgaris. 

Platdnecz, Platanus orientalis. 



CHAP. I. TREES AND SHRUBS KNOWN TO THE ANCIENTS. 19 

Conifers. Cedrus Libani ; Z/arix europae x a ; Pinus halepensis, 
Pinea, maritima, and *sylvestris; y^bies excelsa and Picea; 
Cupressus sempervirens ; Thuja aphylla; Taxus * baccata; 
Juniperus * com munis, Oxycedrus, lycia, and * nana. 

Qycadea. Cycas revoluta. 

Smildcea. Smilax aspera ; jRuscus hypophyllum, * aculeatus 
? racemosus. 

Palmar. Phce N nix dactylifera, and four, varieties; Cbcos nuci- 
fera ; ChamaeVops ; ? Areca Catechu. 

Graminea. Bambiisa arundinacea. 

It thus appears that the total number of species known to 
Theophrastus was not less than 170, which belong to 53 groups 
or natural orders. 

The Romans appear to have begun with a knowledge of all 
the trees possessed by the Greeks ; and there are added to them, 
in their works, almost all the trees of the colder regions of Eu- 
rope. It is evident that the Romans introduced trees into Italy 
from other countries ; because frequent mention is made, by 
their agricultural writers, of the platanus, the cedar, the cypress, 
and other trees, which are not indigenous to Italy; and the 
cherry, the peach, and other fruits, we are informed, were 
imported from Persia. The pine, the bay, the plane, and the 
box appear to have been the favourite trees of gardens : the first, 
for its refreshing odour ; the second, for its beauty, and because 
it was used in crowning martial heroes; and the third, on 
account of its shade. Pliny observes, " In old times trees were 
the very temples of the gods ; and, according to that ancient 
manner, the plain and simple peasants of the country, savouring 
still of antiquity, do at this day consecrate to one god or other 
the goodliest and fairest trees that they can meete withall ; and 
verily, we ourselves adore, not with more reverence and devotion, 
the stately images of gods within our temples (made though they 
be of glittering gold and beautiful ivory), than the very groves 
and tufts of trees, wherein we worship the same gods in religious 
silence. First, the ancient ceremony of dedicating this and that 
kind of tree to several gods, as proper and peculiar to them, 
was always observed, and continues to this da} r . For the great 
mighty oak, named esculus, is consecrated to Jupiter, the laurel 
to Apollo, the olive to Minerva, the myrtle to Venus, and the 
poplar to Hercules." (Holland's Translation of Pliny's Natural 
History, p. 357.) 

The Romans cultivated trees for useful purposes, like the 
moderns. They planted coppice woods, for fuel, fence wood, and 
props for the vine ; they had osier grounds, for producing hoop 
and basket willows ; single rows of elms and poplars, for sup- 
porting the vine; and they had indigenous forests on the hills 

c 3 



20 HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF TREES. PART I 

and mountains, for supplying timber for building and other pur- 
poses. The larch was a favourite tree among them ; and instances 
are given by Pliny of the enormous size which it attained, of its 
durability, and its resistance to fire. The positive knowledge of 
the Romans, with respect to trees, may be found in Pliny's Natural 
History; and an enumeration of the species which that work 
contains, as far as they can be guessed at by modern botanists, 
is given by Sprengel in his Historia Rei Herbaria, vol. i. It 
contains so few, in addition to those known to Theophrastus, that 
it seems unnecessary to introduce it here. 



CHAP. II. 

OF THE HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF THE TREES AND SHRUBS 
NOW IN THE BRITISH ISLANDS. 

THE trees and shrubs now indigenous to, or cultivated in, the 
British Islands, including Ireland, the Channel Islands, and the 
other adjacent isles, naturally form two divisions ; viz., those 
which are of spontaneous growth, and those which have been 
introduced or originated by the art and industry of man. In 
order to convey distinct ideas respecting the number and nature 
of the native woody plants which may be considered as abori- 
ginal and permanent inhabitants of this country, we shall give 
an enumeration of them, arranged according to the natural 
orders to which they belong ; and, in order to show the progress 
of the introduction of foreign species, the number introduced, 
and the individuals to whom we are indebted for such intro- 
ductions, we shall treat of the native and foreign plants 
separately. 

SECT. I. Of the Native Trees and Shrubs of the British Isles. 

THE native plants of any island may generally be considered 
as the same as those of the continent to which that island belongs ; 
and hence we find that there are very few trees and shrubs which 
are indigenous to the north of France, Belgium, and the north 
of Germany, which are not also natives of Britain. In countries 
which have been long civilised, it appears difficult to determine 
what trees or plants are aboriginal, and what have been intro- 
duced ; .and even in wild countries, the same difficulties may be 
said to occur, since the seeds of the plants of one country may 
be, and undoubtedly are, carried to another country by birds and 
other animals, and may spring up there, mature themselves, and 
continue their species like aboriginal plants. It is probable that 
this process has gone on more or less in every country from its 



CHAP. II. 



BRITISH ISLANDS. 21 



first existence; and thus, that the tendency even of nature, 
independently of human art, is to equalise the productions of 
similar climates. 

Caesar, in his Commentaries, states that he found the woods of 
Britain to contain the same trees as those of Gaul, with the ex- 
ception of the abies and the fagus: " Materia cujusque generis, 
ut in Gallia est, praeter fagum et abietem." This passage has 
given rise to much controversy, some authors supposing that 
Caesar, by the word abietem, meant the wild or Scotch pine, 
which is a native of Britain. As, however, the Romans de- 
signated the silver fir abies, there can be little doubt that this 
was the tree alluded to by Caesar; which not only does not grow 
wild in England, but was not introduced into this country till 
modern times. This solution of the passage is so simple, that 
it is difficult to imagine how any mistake can have arisen, par- 
ticularly as Pliny speaks of the Scotch pine expressly as Pinus 
sylvestris (Nat. Hist., lib. xv. and xvi.) The only reason appears 
to be, that the Scotch pine was formerly called the Scotch fir ; 
and that the word abies, being considered to signify fir, was, 
without further examination, supposed to apply to that tree. 

It is more difficult to reconcile Caesar's assertion that he did 
not find the fagus in Britain, as that name is generally supposed 
to have been applied by the Romans to the common beech. 
Belon informs us that, in his time (Les Obs., fyc., en Grece, en 
Asie, et autres Pays etr angers, 1554), on Mount Athos and in 
Macedonia, the beech was called phega. It is wonderful, there- 
fore, says Ray, that Caesar should deny the beech to Britain : 
his doing so can only be satisfactorily accounted for, by sup- 
posing that by the word fagus he meant the Quercus ^E'sculus, 
the phagos of Theophrastus. Mr. Long, in his Observations 
on certain Roman Roads, and Towns, in the South of Britain, 
p. 36., asserts that the tree Caesar called fagus was the sweet 
chestnut, ^Fagus Castanea L. Mr. Lon